Questions tagged [hebrew]

Questions pertaining to the Hebrew language, as related to Judaism. See the help center: http://judaism.stackexchange.com/help/on-topic

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Yemeni manuscripts about the Hebrew expression - in Mishneh Torah Hilchot Avodah Zarah 9:4 - translated as "idolaters"

I am an Italian Noahide. in Mishneh Torah Hilchot-Avodah Zarah 9:4-, Rambam states that Christians are idolaters. Now, in various editions of the work, including the one available on the Chabad ...
Amos74's user avatar
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In Genesis 22:14, which is more accurate Jehova Jireh or Adonai Yireh? Are they the same or different? Is it “God will provide”, or “God will be seen

Genesis 22:14, Abraham calls the place Jehova Jireh, which I always understood as “God will provide”. But is it really “Adonai Yireh which your site has “On God's mountain he will be seen”. Which is ...
gregpech's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
366 views

Was ancient Hebrew (Lashon Hakodesh) a language humans conversed in?

Was there a time in Jewish history when Hebrew (Lashon Hakodesh) was spoken? Was it only spoken by the ancient Hebrews and not the surrounding nations? If so how would said nations refer to their &...
Truth seeker 's user avatar
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R. Shlomo Klonitsky-Kline's dictionary of synonyms and homonyms

According to the Hebrew Wikipedia article on R. Shlomo Klonitsky-Kline it is said that he composed a dictionary of Hebrew synonyms and homonyms titled מלון דקדוקי (CMIIW, all of them related to Torah ...
Renato S. Grun's user avatar
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116 views

If we know for certain that certain types of Hebrew pronunciation aren't correct to the biblical standard, why still use them? [duplicate]

This question may be controversial but it isn't meant as an insult to any specific community. In fact, it kind of targets everyone if the hypothesis is correct. It speaks to the reality of the exile ...
Michael's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
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Online Hebrew Lexicon for learning Tanakh

Shalom, it is my goal to significantly improve my Hebrew this year. It was recommended to me that an online Hebrew Lexicon, which allows you to analyze each word of Tanakh, including grammar, ...
Aryeh Shmuel's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
85 views

Is there an online source for clipped verb forms?

It is wonderful to have pealim.com to look up verb forms, but as far as I know, it does not include clipped forms. Is there any online source that allows looking up clipped forms, or at least a site ...
rivkah's user avatar
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2 votes
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Yaakov's thigh and the side of the altar

When Yaakov wrestled with the angel (Bereishis 32:25-26), the angel was losing the fight, and touched the hipsocket of Yaakov, making it go out of the socket. The word for hip/thigh used here is ...
Shmuel's user avatar
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Chanukah greetings proper form

why is the greeting for Hanukah חג אורים שמח "chag urim samach" And not חג אורות?
rivkah's user avatar
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How does a Jewish community recognize a Jewish person they hadn't seen ever before?

Let's say there is a Jewish community where everybody knows each other, for example in a city. Let's say a new Jewish person arrives and manifests their will to get integrated with them. Nobody knows ...
Gasconheart's user avatar
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What is the term for esoteric exegesis (of the Jewish texts) in Hebrew?

Is there like a nice one-word term to use when describing any estoeric reading/exegesis of any Jewish text, but specifically the Tanakh and the Oral Torah? I think that there should be at least some ...
setszu's user avatar
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1 answer
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What’s the meaning of the abbreviation (ז"פ)?

What’s the meaning the abbreviation (ז"פ)? Example as found in Sefer HaGoralot by Rabbi Chaim Vital: “ וזאת היא התפלה שצריך להתפלל קודם שישליך הגורל: אנא בכח גדולת ימינך תתיר צרורה ז"פ.” ...
Jardel Silva's user avatar
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What did Abraham call himself in his language?

Curious to know what did Prophet Abraham call himself from a religious perspective in the language he spoke. Did he call himself "jew" or "yahood"?
knowit's user avatar
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2 votes
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Translating Genesis 1:1 "בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית" to "in the beginning"

Apologies if this is a stupid question (or belongs in a different group). Since I'm not Jewish & only beginning to learn Hebrew I lack the background to pose an intelligent question. English uses ...
StevePoling's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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Why does there appear to be a ן (final nun) in the middle of a word (שןיתי), is it a typo or what?

I am working from a scanned document. There are vavs, nuns, and final nuns in the text, but there appears also to be a final nun mid word. It makes sense if this were a vav, as it would then read as: ...
Jason Pyeron's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
136 views

Would Jews speak Lashon Hakodesh by default?

If my memory serves me correctly, I read in the sefer Daas Torah some while back that if one doesn't teach a [Jewish?] child a language it will start talking Lashon Hakodesh on its own accord. Is ...
Shababnik's user avatar
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2 votes
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What is the nachash in Genesis 3?

I see that the Hebrew word for serpent in Genesis 3 is nachash and that according to Strongs this word is a noun which stems from the verb 'nachash' meaning to practice divination, or observe signs. ...
Lisa Cremer's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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what is the difference between שלל, ביזה, and חרם?

We know that there are no true synonyms in the Torah. What does each of these connote? (to pass the test here - i googled and did not find anything)
eliyahu's user avatar
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Confused Letters in Hebrew mss.: kaf vav

would anyone know of examples of these two letters being confused, esp. in foreign names or words used in a Hebrew context in medieval or early modern times? Thank you.
Attila the Pun's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
133 views

Psalms/Tehillim 18:26

In Psalms 18:26: עִם־חָסִ֥יד תִּתְחַסָּ֑ד עִם־גְּבַ֥ר תָּ֜מִ֗ים תִּתַּמָּֽם Why is the word עם־גבר vocalised as עִם־גְּבַ֥ר ʕim-ggəvár instead of עִם־גֶּבֶר ʕim-ggέvɛr? I am asking this because ...
Leaky Nun's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
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Gen 3:13 Did the snake "trick" or "advise" Eve to eat?

In Genesis 3:13, while Eve is answering God, she says: Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” (NIV) Rabbi Manis ...
Mark Browning's user avatar
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מַה נִּשְּׁתַּנָה הַלַּיְלָה הַזֶּה מִכָּל הַלֵּילוֹת - What is the etymology of נִּשְּׁתַּנָה (nishtana)? [closed]

I can find לְהִשְׁתַּנּוֹת where נִשְׁתַּנֶּה (nishtane) would translate to "we will change (ourselves)", but i cannot find where נִּשְּׁתַּנָה (nishtana) derives from. Or is it just old ...
Guenther's user avatar
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What are the characteristics of המשכלים in Daniel 12?

I would like to know more about the word הַ֨מַּשְׂכִּלִ֔ים which I highlight in a bold face in the texts below. Daniel 12:3 is וְהַ֨מַּשְׂכִּלִ֔ים יַזְהִ֖רוּ כְּזֹ֣הַר הָרָקִ֑יעַ וּמַצְדִּיקֵי֙ ...
Vladislav Gladkikh's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
221 views

Difference between a Menahel and Rosh Yeshivah

Is there a difference between a Menahel and a Rosh Yeshivah, or are they synonymous?
The Targum's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
106 views

Non-Hebrew Torah commentary

There is a teaching that only Torah commentary written in Hebrew, the holy tongue, will endure. However, the entire Talmud and the Book of Daniel are not in Hebrew, but in Aramaic. Even some parts of ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
154 views

Pronouncing the vav in mitzvot and matzot [closed]

What is the reason for the different pronunciation of the vav in the words mitzvot and matzot?
Yehuda W's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
129 views

What are some good resources for advanced Biblical Hebrew study?

I have been studying Biblical Hebrew for over a year, and have come to the point where I can read most of the prose text in the Hebrew Bible without trouble. I started with a beginner's textbook and ...
CMK's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
66 views

Roshei Teivos in Kli Yekar

עד עלות חמ"ס What does חמ"ס stand for? If it's just the word 'violence', why the ''? Context: ויבא עמלק וילחם עם ישראל ברפידים. בילקוט מסיק שעמלק דומה לזבוב כו', משל למלך שהקיף כרם כו', ...
flips's user avatar
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0 answers
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What is the true definition of tirtzach? [duplicate]

In Hebrew, the word tirtzach is normally translated to mean murder. In English, murder means unlawful premeditated killing. But if this is the definition of tirtzach, then the commandment lo tirtzach ...
Craig Feinstein's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
54 views

Connection between Loshon Hakodesh and other languages

I remember finding seforim saying All languages are really just a distortion of Loshon HaKodesh It's as if Loshon Hakodesh is in gallus (exile) within those other languages. When we identify how a ...
Elyah's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
123 views

Information about some Kabbalah authors

There is a sentence on Wikipedia about Kabbalah, but unfortunately, there are no sources for it, and I would like to know the sources (if they exist). The sentence says: "Among the problems ...
Mineder's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
157 views

What's the name of gallery tombs in Hebrew: Kok, kokim?

In this article in the jewishencyclopedia it mentions some tomb galleries: These galleries, or niches, which were called "kok" (plural, "kokim") by the Rabbis. I want to know how ...
Mike's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
150 views

Is the Yemenite pronunciation of Hebrew closest to correct? [duplicate]

Is the Yemenite pronunciation of Hebrew closest to correct? If so, would that mean that we should use the Yemenite pronunciation when davening or leining the Torah?
Raphael Chilungu's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
32 views

Why are the Niqqud different for the name of God sometimes? [duplicate]

Through my research of the Tanakh, I have observed that the tetragrammaton appears with varying niqqud in different locations. Additionally, I have noted that the niqqud used may differ but produce a ...
Eliyahu Al-Hazzan's user avatar
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0 answers
89 views

Biblical Hebrew Textbooks Written in Voweled Hebrew

The title may be a bit confusing; what I'm looking for is a Hebrew Grammar textbook (preferably biblical Hebrew, but modern is fine too) that is completelly written in Hebrew but its ment for non-...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
87 views

Number of dead after the Golden calf

When we get a count in the Torah it is in an exact form (either literal or metaphorical) for example the tribe of Reuven had 46,500 members. An exception to this rule would seem after the golden calf, ...
fulltimekollelguy's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
61 views

Happiness of Purim

In Israel, many people wish each other Purim Sameach - have a happy Purim. Yet it seems those from chu"l wish Simchas Purim which translates as 'happiness of Purim. It would seem that purim ...
fulltimekollelguy's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
155 views

Should Genesis 1:4 say that the light "was" or "is" good?

As a non-Jew who has very little knowledge of Hebrew, I'm curious as to the following: Is the Hebrew text clear on this, one way or the other? If so, which is it? If not, are there any Jewish ...
TruthSeeker's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
47 views

Drashos based on the doubled verb

In Menachos 17b, the gemara explains a drasha: ור"א א"כ לכתוב רחמנא אם האכל האכל א"נ אם יאכל יאכל מאי האכל יאכל שמעת מינה תרתי And what would Rabbi Eliezer respond? He would say that ...
MichoelR's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
237 views

What's the name of this poem in Danya Ruttenberg's "Surprised by God"?

The introduction to Rabbi Ruttenberg's book features an English translation of a Hebrew poem she is singing at the beginning of a Shabbat service. The translation seems to be unique to the book, and ...
axolotl123's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
695 views

What does ממנ”פ mean?

I've seen the acronym ממנ”פ in multiple places but I am not sure what it means. קיצורים וראשי תיבות בעברית indicates that it means ממערכת נשימה פנימית but I am not sure if that is correct. Here are ...
Asher Ross's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
77 views

Preparation for Bar Mitzvah involved rote learning of pronunciation -- why is/was this?

I would not be surprised if this has changed but afaik, kids prepared for Bat or Bar Mitzvah by memorizing sounds without learning mean whatsoever -- I wasted years of afternoons reciting, an attempt ...
releseabe's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
141 views

Resources to improve my Hebrew to learn Halachic works?

My Hebrew is solid - I am able to get around Israel. When I learn works of Halacha (Aruch HaShulchan, Mishna Berura, Kitzur) I am not able to follow due to not knowing words and acronyms. What is a ...
user's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
47 views

Nature of the stone in Psalm 118:22

https://biblehub.com/text/psalms/118-22.htm I often hear in church the quotes from the following psalm used in the Christian new testament. But in translation 'chief cornerstone' strikes me as a very ...
Huw Evans's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
193 views

Problems with the Hebrew text in Job 26:12-13?

Proposed correction of the Hebrew text I know a professor of religious sciences who saw problems with Job 26:12-13 considering it a hapax, especially in the following verse. ברוחו שמים שפרה By his ...
Thales's user avatar
  • 555
1 vote
2 answers
66 views

What is the Mishnah in Yadiyim talking about when it says writing in "Ashrit" defiles hands ? "catuv Evri" (The ancient script) does not defile?

Does anyone understand this Mishnah? The Mishnah in Yadiyim 4:5 says writing in "Ashrit" defiles hands but writing in the "catuv Evri" (ancient Hebrew) does not defile , why and ...
Nolan Blavin's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
378 views

Difference between meaning of Elohim and Elohe [closed]

What is the difference in meaning between Elohim and Elohe?
alyssaeliyah's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
609 views

Is ב״ה Baruch HaShem or Bezrat HaShem?

Is ב״ה Baruch HaShem or Bezrat HaShem? Why did The Rebbe begin every letter with it?
Aviel Ben David's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
124 views

Language of midrash?

What Hebrew did Louis Ginzberg learn to translate the midrashim? In his famous book, is there a dictionary for midrashic words and a midrashic grammar, or is modern Hebrew enough?
Myriam's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
38 views

What is the difference between the different Hebrew words for sin? [duplicate]

What is the difference between transgression, iniquity, and sin? Exodus 34:7: נֹשֵׂ֥א עָוֺ֛ן וָפֶ֖שַׁע וְחַטָּאָ֑ה In the Sefaria translation: forgiving iniquity, transgression, and sin
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