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Questions tagged [ashkenazi]

Literally "Germany". Questions about the Jews of all the area that was once medieval Germany, more generally of all Catholic and Protestant (and some Eastern Orthodox) lands, and their laws and customs.

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What is a typical Ashkenazi Seder like?

Inspired by the comments here, I realized how little I know about what other customs' Sedarim are like. As an Ashkenazi, I'd only ever participated in Ashkenazi Sedarim. Surely there are those who ...
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Reading the megillah without the taamim (cantillation)

The Kesser Shem Tov 2:pg.536 writes that the minhag of London and Amsterdam is to read the Megillah without the taamim (cantillation). This minhag is also found in Alger and Ashkanaz. The reason that ...
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34 views

Ashkenazi shat”z in a mixed shul?

According to this question and the answer Ashkenazi shat”z? Someone who pronounces an ע and an א the same can be shat”z, as long as everyone in the shul does so too. What if a couple of people ...
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50 views

Ashkenazi shat”z?

In meseches Megillah (daf 24b): אמר רב אסי חיפני (ובשיני) לא ישא את כפיו תניא נמי הכי אין מורידין לפני התיבה לא אנשי בית שאן ולא אנשי בית חיפה ולא אנשי טבעונין מפני שקורין לאלפין עיינין ולעיינין ...
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Translation (or searchable version) of *Sefer Elim* of Rabbi Joseph Solomon Delmedigo

Does there exist any translation of the Sefer Elim of Rabbi Joseph Solomon Delmedigo into a European language? If not, does there at least exist a text-version of the original Hebrew version (all I ...
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1answer
97 views

Is there a movement to centralize Rabbinical authority through all Jewish communities?

Due to the exile, Jewish civilization ended up splintering off into various sub-groups. Ashkenazim Sephardim/Mizrahim etc. Through this division, Judaism developed a series of "flavors" with ...
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65 views

When do ashkenazim follow the shulchan aruch and not the Rama? [duplicate]

When in halacha do Ashkenazim follow the shulchan aruch and not the Rama and in which aspects ?
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1answer
68 views

Why don't I see the minhag to put grass in shul?

The Rema brings a minhag to put grass and other herbage in shul for Shavuos. I've seen this practiced only once. Why don't more Ashkenazi shuls follow this minhag? I feel some would be tempted to say ...
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73 views

KfP-for-Ashk'nazim rice cakes… now what if they're soaked?

A rabbi visited a ricecake factory, found that the rice never became wet in the process of manufacture (and was sifted well to be sure it's only rice), and decided that the ricecakes, which are anyway ...
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2answers
366 views

Pronouncing “O” (Cholam) as “Oy”?

Typically in the Yeshivish world, the "O" sound is pronounced as "Oy" (i.e. "Moydim Anachnu Loch"). Where does this come from?
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Why the difference in Torah ornaments between Ashkenazim and Sephardim? [duplicate]

Why do most Ashkenazim use a "cloth" to cover the Torah while most Sephardim store the Torah in a hard case? I am aware that part of this answer is "practical" in that the Sephardim read the Torah ...
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118 views

Should an Ashkenazi learn Yalkut Yosef and Kaf HaChaim? [closed]

Should and Ashkenazi such as myself learn Yalkut Yosef and Kaf HaChaim, Sephardi halachic works, or should I not bother as the halacha wouldn't apply to me?
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2answers
165 views

Did you fulfill your obligation if you pronounced the Name of G-d differently from your custom?

Would you have fulfilled your obligation to recite a blessing if you pronounced the Name of G-d in a way that was against your custom? For example, if an Ashkenazi has the custom to say "Adonoy" and ...
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272 views

Why has a single daled knot become the “standard” on tefillin?

It has been brought to my attention that originally, both Ashkenazim and Sephardim used a square knot (also called the "double-daled knot") on the tefillin shel rosh, but when the daled knot was ...
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Beracha on hallel on in a shul where they dont make a beracha [duplicate]

If an ashkenazi davens in a shul where the minhag is not to make a beracha on half hallel on rosh chodesh or the last 6 days of pesach, should they still make a beracha on hallel?
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Chabad kuntres “Toras Ashkenaz”

What is the Chabad pamphlet Toras Ashkenaz: Frankfurt, Germania ? Background: A Chabad friend of mine noticed this pamphlet at the Chabad Ohel in Queens. While the title would imply that it is of ...
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1answer
173 views

Why do older Anglo Ashkenaz texts transliterate ת as “th” and how was it pronounced?

Many older (19th and 20th century) Anglo Ashkenaz seforim translate ת (without a dagesh) as "th" - resulting in transliterations like "Sukkoth", "haftaroth", "mishnayoth" - when the general Ashkenazi ...
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127 views

Can an Ashkenazi use Bet Yosef Shechita or vice versa?

For the most part, I gather that an Ashkenazi should not follow Sephardi minhag or vice versa. (E.g. - nusach hatefilla, kitniyot on Pesach.) I am Ashkenazi. I am somewhat "liberal" regarding my use ...
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Why do yekkes say Shir Mizmor Le'Osof each morning?

There is a very old Minhag Ashkenaz (i.e. practiced by yekkes) that every day after Shacharis (or Musaf) one says Psalm 83 (Shir Mizmor LeOsof). I have done this for a long time, however I am yet to ...
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139 views

Is there a yekkish minhog regarding peyos?

Is there a yekkish minhog regarding peyos? Please cite sources.
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What is the approximate date of the demarcation between Ashkenazim and Sephardim?

Based on this article it would seem that the transition from a unified people into two groups, Ashkenazim and Sephardim, began in the 9th century and proceeded over time. I would like to know if there ...
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1answer
41 views

birkat kohanim at mincha on yom hakippurim

Since the halacha is that we don't do birkat kohanim at mincha of yom hakippurim, why is the ashkenazi practice that the chazzan recites the elokeinu passage?
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112 views

Problem with Likkutei Maharil

I was listening to a shiur by Rav Asher Weiss on asmachta and he brought three explanations for its purpose: Ritvah - A derabannan that has a source in the torah Tosafos and Rambam - Memorization ...
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Germanic populations in Talmudic and other rabbinic texts?

In the 11th century, Hai Gaon and Rashi refer to the country and language of “Ashkenaz” (referring to the area around the Rhineland, northern France and Germany). By the 12th and 13th centuries, ...
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114 views

Birkat Kohanim in entirely israeli minyan in chutz laaretz

According to the book hilchot tzava by Harav Zecharya Ben Shlomo a minyan of entirely israeli soldiers in chutz laaretz should have the kohanim go up and duchan. What is the halachic rationale for ...
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1answer
770 views

Ashkenazim drinking from the glass in non-kosher restaurants

Everyone I know does this, including the strictest. That is, if ordering a cold drink at a non-kosher restaurant or bar, they will have it in the glass the institution provides, not ask for it in a ...
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1answer
515 views

Listening to music during year of aveilut

Is one allowed to listen to music during aveilut after the shloshim for therapeutic porpuses? Is there any difference between the way ashkenazim and sephardim hold?
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127 views

When do German Ashkenazim make havdalah?

I know that there are several opinions regarding the calculation​ of the time of motsei Shabbas. What method of calculating the time for Havdalah is used in German Ashkenaz minhag?
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Is the existence of Ashkenazi and Sephardi traditions a violation of “Lo Titgodedu”?

Devarim 14:1: בָּנִים אַתֶּם לה' אֱלֹקיכֶם לֹא תִתְגֹּדְדוּ וְלֹא־תָשִׂימוּ קָרְחָה בֵּין עֵינֵיכֶם לָמֵת׃ You are children to Hashem your G-d. You shall not cut yourselves, nor make a bald ...
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What is the significance of the different windings on tzitzit's?

The Ashkenazic form of windings are 7, 8, 11 and 13. What is the significance for these numbers? The Sephardic form of windings are 10, 5, 6 and 5. What is the significance for these numbers?
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373 views

Should one stand while removing tefillin?

If following Ashkenazi minhag to stand while laying tefillin and saying brachot for them, is there any need to stand while removing them as well?
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Discovered my Jewish heritage at 61 yrs old; now what? [closed]

For my entire life I believed I was of 100% Italian heritage; typical Neopolitan roots from grandparents who came in the 'big wave' of Italian immigrants in 1900-1910. I've traveled to Italy and am a ...
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1answer
108 views

Learning or Dedicating for Leilu Nishmas: Sephardic vs. Ashkenazic

Just curious as to the differences between Sephardic/Mizrahi and Ashkenazic customs in regards to mentioning a deceased person's mother or father's name when dedicating something? I think Ashkenazim ...
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1answer
160 views

Maharatz Chiyus's List of Unobserved Laws

I believe the Maharatz Chiyus has a list of Talmudic laws that, at least in his day, had ceased to be observed in Ashkenazic communities, except perhaps by the most scrupulous (e.g. yoshon, eruv, ...
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1answer
146 views

Which, if any, internal organs do Ashkenazim customarily not eat?

I am Sephardi, and being adventurous in the kitchen I occasionally like to prepare non-standard organs: lungs, hearts, spleens, etc. Occasionally I've had objections from Ashkenazi friends or ...
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Naming Children After Living People

It is a widespread Ashkenazi minhog not to name a child after someone who is living. From where can this custom be sourced? Why is this so? I would assume it is because it has some negative ...
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2answers
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Is there any particular standard recension/variation of the masoretic tradition that scribes use for torah scrolls in shul?

I don't know if i'm entirely correct in this, but I understand that there have in the past been variations in malai and chaser, throughout both the ashkenazi and sephardi world.. And then there was ...
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1answer
310 views

Can Sefardim eat meat in the homes of Ashkenazim?

In light of the details found in answers to this question, which suggest that neither Chassidish nor glatt nor non-glatt Ashkenazi meat is halachically acceptable for Sefardim, would there be any ...
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2answers
999 views

I recently found out I have Jewish ancestry. I want to learn more about Judaism, but what is appropriate?

I recently found out I have Jewish ancestry through a DNA test (Ashkenazi; it helped to explain why I got bowel cancer at a young age since the risk is high in that group). Apparently my grandmother ...
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2answers
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Hataf-patah instead of sh'va na‘ in Sephardic and Ashkenazic tikkunim

In my Yeshiva, we have Sephardic tikkunim called, ״איש מצליח,״ basically the Sephardic equivalent of סימנים. I own an Ashkenazi tikkun (not סימנים). In my tikkun, sometimes a hataf-patah will appear ...
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Minhogim of Breslau, Poland

As a descendant of a long line of Jews from Breslau, Poland, I was wondering: Are there any specific minhogim of Breslau (modern day Wrocław) and if yes what are they? This might be different from ...
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Leyning on Chol Ha-moed Sukkot

Can anyone explain the rationale for the Ashkenazi leyning in chutz la-aretz on Chol Ha-Moed? For example, on the first day of chol ha-moed, we leyn as follows: first aliya - uvayom ha sheni; second ...
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138 views

Original Sources of Origin Claims of Hebrew's Pronunciations

I'm interested in finding out where the differences between Sephardic and Ashkenazic pronunciation of Hebrew come from. On wikipedia it says: "Leopold Zunz believed that the Ashkenazi pronunciation ...
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2answers
137 views

Waiting after meat as a minhag

I was once told in the name of R' Hamburger שליט”א that the practice of waiting between meat and milk is, for Ashkenazim, a minhag. I was told that nonetheless, as we are accustomed to wait and ...
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2answers
280 views

Sephardim following Ashkenazim in Halacha on modern issues

I heard that if there is no argument between the Remah and the Mechaber, then a Sephardi can follow Rav Moshe Feinstein for instance. How does it work? I try my best to strictly follow HaRav Ovadia ...
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3answers
337 views

What is the origin of the Yeke custom of washing hands before kiddush and is it done only by the person saying kiddush or everyone?

I have heard mention of a Yeke custom of washing hands before kiddush but no explanation of why or whether it is done only by the person leading kiddush or everyone. Further to the question about ...
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1answer
120 views

Group Kaddish for Ashkenazim – Sources

As far as I'm aware, the historical practice of Ashkenazim was to have only one person recite each Kaddish. This is derived from the Gemara in Megillah (~21b) where it is said that תרי קלי לא משתמעי, "...
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186 views

Basis for not doing a full sof-aliya trop on Hashem's name

The Ashkenazi leining for the end of an aliya generally has a drop of 4 tones. In my preferred key, that's from D to A (hit y then e on this virtual piano). However, some baalei kriah in my shul do ...
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195 views

Correct usage of “Ashkenaz”/“Ashkenazi”/“Ashkenazic”/“Ashkenazim”?

...Also, of course, Sefard/Sefardi/Sefardic/Sefardim. I see these terms used interchangeably, and use them myself that way, but would rather use them correctly. All are, at least marginally, ...
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3answers
153 views

“Ashkenazim” and “Sephardim,” for example

Please excuse the crossword-puzzle-clue style of the title... What is a or the technical name for the distinction between Ashkenazim and Sephardim, and/or the class or category that both of these ...