Questions tagged [ashkenazi]

Literally "Germany". Questions about the Jews of all the area that was once medieval Germany, more generally of all Catholic and Protestant (and some Eastern Orthodox) lands, and their laws and customs.

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At a seder, If each kos has its own pri hagafen bracha, why does the afikoman not have its own al achilat matza bracha? [duplicate]

At an Ashkenazi seder, If each kos has its own pri hagafen bracha, why does the afikoman not have its own al achilat matza bracha?
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Did Ashkenazi Yiddish-speaking (not Crimean Turkic!) Karaites exist?

From the book by Murad El-Kodsi "The Karaite Communities in Poland, Lithuania, Russia and Crimea": Actually, there were two groups, the Ashkenazi Karaites and the Karaylar [Crimean Karaites]...
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3 votes
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Help identify my Hungarian minhagim

My paternal grandfather was from a little mountain town in Czechoslovakia called Giraltovce. As far as I know, their minhagim were basically just Hungarian (as opposed to Chassidish or Oberlander). I ...
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Did Ashkenazi Karaites exist?

Did Ashkenazi (or Yiddish-speaking) Karaites exist? Theoretically, such communities could exist in Ukraine and Lithuania. Are there any examples of the same communities?
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With what Halachic work should an Ashkenaz start his learning?

If an Ashkenaz Jew wanted to start diving into the learning halacha are there any sources on which halachic work might be recommended to him to start with?
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קָמָץ vs. קָמַץ in Ashkenazi pronunciation

All Ashkenazi readers/minhagim/etc. I've seen call this vowel קָמַץ, while there is considerable variation on whether the second syllables of the other vowel names (except for סֶגּוֹל, though there is ...
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Shacharit on י"א תשרי

I have heard that there is a minhag in ashkenazi communities to daven shacharit on the morning after yom hakippurim a bit earlier than the time that one would normally daven shacharit. Anyone have the ...
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List of establishing rabbis for each set of minhagim [closed]

I am a baal teshuva who is becoming orthodox and wondering what customs to hold. Is there a list of important rabbis who set minhagim (ie ashkenazi, sephardi yekki, chabad, notable subgroups, etc) and ...
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Is switching customs allowed?

To what extent are, say, Ashkenazic Jews halachically obligated to follow Ashkenazic customs by, say, refraining from eating kitniyot on Pessah? Chullin 110a-b says: Follow the restrictions of the ...
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Birkat kohanim at shacharit and ne'ilah of Yom Kippur

Rema Orach Chayyim 128:44 notes that some Ashkenazi communities recite birkat kohanim at ne'ilah of Yom Kippur, and some even at shacharit. Every Ashkenazi synagogue (outside of Israel) that I've ...
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Shabbat clothing on shabbat chazon

The rema writes in סימן תקנ"א that on shabbat chazon one does not wear shabbat clothing and instead one wears weekday clothing. אפי' בשבת של חזון אין מחליפין ללבוש בגדי שבת כי אם הכתונת לבד (מרדכי ...
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Differences in Tznius between Sefaradim and Ashkenazim?

I've noticed that many of my Sefaradi friends seem to practice Tzenius (laws of Modesty) different than Ashkenazim. Is there actually a difference in halakhot about this? And if there are can someone ...
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Which mourning laws does an Ashkenazi son follow after his Sefardi mother's death?

An Ashkenazi son (his father was a Yekke) who mourns after his Sefardi mother - does he follow Ashkenazi Minhagim of Avelut (Kaddish for 11 months exactly for example) of Sefardi?
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What is a typical Ashkenazi Seder like?

Inspired by the comments here, I realized how little I know about what other customs' Sedarim are like. As an Ashkenazi, I'd only ever participated in Ashkenazi Sedarim. Surely there are those who ...
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9 votes
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Reading the megillah without the taamim (cantillation)

The Kesser Shem Tov 2:pg.536 writes that the minhag of London and Amsterdam is to read the Megillah without the taamim (cantillation). This minhag is also found in Alger and Ashkanaz. The reason that ...
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Ashkenazi shat”z in a mixed shul?

According to this question and the answer Ashkenazi shat”z? Someone who pronounces an ע and an א the same can be shat”z, as long as everyone in the shul does so too. What if a couple of people ...
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Ashkenazi shat”z?

In meseches Megillah (daf 24b): אמר רב אסי חיפני (ובשיני) לא ישא את כפיו תניא נמי הכי אין מורידין לפני התיבה לא אנשי בית שאן ולא אנשי בית חיפה ולא אנשי טבעונין מפני שקורין לאלפין עיינין ולעיינין ...
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Translation (or searchable version) of *Sefer Elim* of Rabbi Joseph Solomon Delmedigo

Does there exist any translation of the Sefer Elim of Rabbi Joseph Solomon Delmedigo into a European language? If not, does there at least exist a text-version of the original Hebrew version (all I ...
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Is there a movement to centralize Rabbinical authority through all Jewish communities?

Due to the exile, Jewish civilization ended up splintering off into various sub-groups. Ashkenazim Sephardim/Mizrahim etc. Through this division, Judaism developed a series of "flavors" with ...
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When do ashkenazim follow the shulchan aruch and not the Rama? [duplicate]

When in halacha do Ashkenazim follow the shulchan aruch and not the Rama and in which aspects ?
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Why don't I see the minhag to put grass in shul?

The Rema brings a minhag to put grass and other herbage in shul for Shavuos. I've seen this practiced only once. Why don't more Ashkenazi shuls follow this minhag? I feel some would be tempted to say ...
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KfP-for-Ashk'nazim rice cakes… now what if they're soaked?

A rabbi visited a ricecake factory, found that the rice never became wet in the process of manufacture (and was sifted well to be sure it's only rice), and decided that the ricecakes, which are anyway ...
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3 votes
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Pronouncing "O" (Cholam) as "Oy"?

Typically in the Yeshivish world, the "O" sound is pronounced as "Oy" (i.e. "Moydim Anachnu Loch"). Where does this come from?
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Should an Ashkenazi learn Yalkut Yosef and Kaf HaChaim? [closed]

Should and Ashkenazi such as myself learn Yalkut Yosef and Kaf HaChaim, Sephardi halachic works, or should I not bother as the halacha wouldn't apply to me?
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7 votes
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Did you fulfill your obligation if you pronounced the Name of G-d differently from your custom?

Would you have fulfilled your obligation to recite a blessing if you pronounced the Name of G-d in a way that was against your custom? For example, if an Ashkenazi has the custom to say "Adonoy" and ...
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Why has a single daled knot become the "standard" on tefillin?

It has been brought to my attention that originally, both Ashkenazim and Sephardim used a square knot (also called the "double-daled knot") on the tefillin shel rosh, but when the daled knot was ...
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Beracha on hallel on in a shul where they dont make a beracha [duplicate]

If an ashkenazi davens in a shul where the minhag is not to make a beracha on half hallel on rosh chodesh or the last 6 days of pesach, should they still make a beracha on hallel?
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Chabad kuntres "Toras Ashkenaz"

What is the Chabad pamphlet Toras Ashkenaz: Frankfurt, Germania ? Background: A Chabad friend of mine noticed this pamphlet at the Chabad Ohel in Queens. While the title would imply that it is of ...
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6 votes
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Why do older Anglo Ashkenaz texts transliterate ת as "th" and how was it pronounced?

Many older (19th and 20th century) Anglo Ashkenaz seforim translate ת (without a dagesh) as "th" - resulting in transliterations like "Sukkoth", "haftaroth", "mishnayoth" - when the general Ashkenazi ...
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Can an Ashkenazi use Bet Yosef Shechita or vice versa?

For the most part, I gather that an Ashkenazi should not follow Sephardi minhag or vice versa. (E.g. - nusach hatefilla, kitniyot on Pesach.) I am Ashkenazi. I am somewhat "liberal" regarding my use ...
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7 votes
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Why do yekkes say Shir Mizmor Le'Osof each morning?

There is a very old Minhag Ashkenaz (i.e. practiced by yekkes) that every day after Shacharis (or Musaf) one says Psalm 83 (Shir Mizmor LeOsof). I have done this for a long time, however I am yet to ...
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Is there a yekkish minhog regarding peyos?

Is there a yekkish minhog regarding peyos? Please cite sources.
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What is the approximate date of the demarcation between Ashkenazim and Sephardim?

Based on this article it would seem that the transition from a unified people into two groups, Ashkenazim and Sephardim, began in the 9th century and proceeded over time. I would like to know if there ...
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birkat kohanim at mincha on yom hakippurim

Since the halacha is that we don't do birkat kohanim at mincha of yom hakippurim, why is the ashkenazi practice that the chazzan recites the elokeinu passage?
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5 votes
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Problem with Likkutei Maharil

I was listening to a class by Rav Asher Weiss on asmachta and he brought three explanations for its purpose: Ritvah - A derabannan that has a source in the torah Tosafos and Rambam - Memorization ...
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24 votes
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Germanic populations in Talmudic and other rabbinic texts?

In the 11th century, Hai Gaon and Rashi refer to the country and language of “Ashkenaz” (referring to the area around the Rhineland, northern France and Germany). By the 12th and 13th centuries, ...
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2 votes
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Birkat Kohanim in entirely Israeli minyan in chutz laaretz

According to the book Hilchot Tzava by Harav Zecharya Ben Shlomo a minyan of entirely Israeli soldiers in chutz laaretz should have the kohanim go up and duchan. What is the halachic rationale for ...
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3 votes
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Ashkenazim drinking from the glass in non-kosher restaurants

Everyone I know does this, including the strictest. That is, if ordering a cold drink at a non-kosher restaurant or bar, they will have it in the glass the institution provides, not ask for it in a ...
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4 votes
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Listening to music during year of aveilut

Is one allowed to listen to music during aveilut after the shloshim for therapeutic porpuses? Is there any difference between the way ashkenazim and sephardim hold?
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When do German Ashkenazim make havdalah?

I know that there are several opinions regarding the calculation​ of the time of motsei Shabbas. What method of calculating the time for Havdalah is used in German Ashkenaz minhag?
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Is the existence of Ashkenazi and Sephardi traditions a violation of "Lo Titgodedu"?

Devarim 14:1: בָּנִים אַתֶּם לה' אֱלֹקיכֶם לֹא תִתְגֹּדְדוּ וְלֹא־תָשִׂימוּ קָרְחָה בֵּין עֵינֵיכֶם לָמֵת׃ You are children to Hashem your G-d. You shall not cut yourselves, nor make a bald ...
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3 votes
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What is the significance of the different windings on tzitzit's?

The Ashkenazic form of windings are 7, 8, 11 and 13. What is the significance for these numbers? The Sephardic form of windings are 10, 5, 6 and 5. What is the significance for these numbers?
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3 votes
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Should one stand while removing tefillin?

If following Ashkenazi minhag to stand while laying tefillin and saying brachot for them, is there any need to stand while removing them as well?
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Discovered my Jewish heritage at 61 yrs old; now what? [closed]

For my entire life I believed I was of 100% Italian heritage; typical Neopolitan roots from grandparents who came in the 'big wave' of Italian immigrants in 1900-1910. I've traveled to Italy and am a ...
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Learning or Dedicating for Leilu Nishmas: Sephardic vs. Ashkenazic

Just curious as to the differences between Sephardic/Mizrahi and Ashkenazic customs in regards to mentioning a deceased person's mother or father's name when dedicating something? I think Ashkenazim ...
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Maharatz Chiyus's List of Unobserved Laws

I believe the Maharatz Chiyus has a list of Talmudic laws that, at least in his day, had ceased to be observed in Ashkenazic communities, except perhaps by the most scrupulous (e.g. yoshon, eruv, ...
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2 votes
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Which, if any, internal organs do Ashkenazim customarily not eat?

I am Sephardi, and being adventurous in the kitchen I occasionally like to prepare non-standard organs: lungs, hearts, spleens, etc. Occasionally I've had objections from Ashkenazi friends or ...
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Naming Children After Living People

It is a widespread Ashkenazi minhog not to name a child after someone who is living. From where can this custom be sourced? Why is this so? I would assume it is because it has some negative ...
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Is there any particular standard recension/variation of the masoretic tradition that scribes use for torah scrolls in shul?

I don't know if i'm entirely correct in this, but I understand that there have in the past been variations in malai and chaser, throughout both the ashkenazi and sephardi world.. And then there was ...
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Can Sefardim eat meat in the homes of Ashkenazim?

In light of the details found in answers to this question, which suggest that neither Chassidish nor glatt nor non-glatt Ashkenazi meat is halachically acceptable for Sefardim, would there be any ...
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