Questions tagged [acronyms]

An acronym (Hebrew: ראשי תיבות, rashei teivot) is a shortened form of a phrase, usually consisting of the first letters of each word.

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1answer
96 views

What are the abbreviations in Jastrow?

I was looking at Jastrow and there were several English abbreviations related to the definition or word structure that I didn't recognize. I looked through this and many of the abbreviations are ...
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Why is שהחיינו called “ז” in P'sachim but “ח” in M'gila?

Why is the "שהחיינו" blessing abbreviated "ז" in Bavli P'sachim 103 but "ח" in Bavli M'gila 21? I'd expect some consistency. And it's not like "ז" makes more sense, or "ח" less sense, in P'sachim than ...
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43 views

What does תושׁלכ"ע mean?

I saw the abbreviation תושׁלכ"ע in the introduction to a textbook (Classical Mechanics, by Herbert Goldstein). What does it stand for?
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Moreh Makom or Mar'eh Makom

A Torah source is often referred to as a M"M, which I have heard read as both מורה מקום, Moreh Makom and מראה מקום, Mar'eh Makom, (see here for example) which have similar meanings, and mean something ...
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Acronyms in Tanya

At the end of known editions of sefer hatanya, there is a a Luach Rashe Tevot, table of Acronyms. But through the lecture of the book I didn't find the significance of "דש''ע". It's in daf 104b (page ...
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127 views

Origin and meaning of the honorific Shlita

It seems to me that for a long time, the word Shlita was popularly associated with the Lubavitcher Rebbe. And in those days when I was first encountering the term and asking about it, I was told that ...
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1answer
71 views

Who are the מאמ“ר and the כה”ח?

I found a reference to turning the body when waving the lulav. The text reads ויש נוהגים גם להפנות את הגוף לארבע רוחות (מאמ"ר יג; כה"ח צו). What, please, is the meaning of the abbreviations used ...
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108 views

What does אחדשה"ט stand for? [closed]

I received a letter that began with the date, my name, and then on it's own line "אחדשה"ט", then the content of the letter. Any clue as to what it stands for/means?
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Abbreviation: בש"ט on a gravestone

While researching this question I came across a picture of the gravestone of Reb Arye Kaplan זצ"ל. The post-final line reads: נפטר בש"ט בי"ד בשבט תשמ"ג‏ What does the abbreviation בש"ט stand ...
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1answer
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Deciphering Acronym in Holy Book

I'm reading an introductory book on kabalistic topics, "Amud Haavoda" from Rabbi Boruch Kodover. At the end of the first part, question--answer, when the author says an original and deep chiddush, he ...
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Acronym for ישראל (original source)

Where was this insight originally brought down from? י = יצחק, יעקב ש = שרה ר = רבקה, רחל א = אברהם ל = לאה The earliest work I could find was שני לוחות הברית But I'm not sure if it ...
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What does אה"ת stand for?

What do these rashei teivos stand for? See, for example, the Dikdukei Sofrim here.
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What does בי in בירבי mean?

The word בירבי "the son of Rabbi..." appears many times in the acrostics of piyyutim (e.g. El'azar the Kalir signs his name אלעזר בירבי קליר, e.g. in the יוצר beginning אומן בשמעו). (I have seen it ...
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What does נלבעה mean?

When written on a tombstone, what does נלבעה mean (e.g. נלבעה יום שישי)? Also, more importantly, which is more correct: נלבעה or נלבע"ה? Is the quotation mark necessary to indicate proper meaning (i....
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יר"ה honorific for a king in Mishnah Berurah — a reference to a specific monarch?

In סימן דש, סקכ"ו the Mishnah Berurah says as follows: במקום שהמלך יר"ה גזר שאין שום אדם... My edition of Mishnah Berurah the acronym is expanded as: "יָרוּם הוֹדוֹ", which I believe means May his ...
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Meaning of abbreviation tblch“t / tblch”a

What do these abbreviations stand for? I have seen them beside the names of righteous females. Does it mean that she should have long life? What is the equivalent for males?
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208 views

Why do tefillin cases have the פעיה“ק and תובב”א acronyms on them?

This M.Y. question explains the meaning of 2 common acronyms that appear on tefillin cases (the storage boxes that the tefillin are put into.) (see pictures below) When did this minhag begin? Why are ...
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2answers
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What are the abreviations on tefillin cases?

I have seen two common abbreviations written on tefillin cases (I'm referring to the, most commonly red, cases that you put the tefillin into when you have completed wearing them): תובב"א and פעיה"ק ...
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What does LAYT stand for?

I received a letter from a rabbi, in his capacity of leading a Jewish institution, that opened with Dear _____, LAYT I assume, given the context, that "LAYT" is some sort of Jewish blessing or ...
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What does this acronym mean? [duplicate]

I have an Asher Yazar card dedicated Le'ilu'i Nishmat HaRav 'Ovadyah Yosef A"H. At the bottom of the card is the Rav's name followed by זצוקללה"ו. I've been unable to decipher the full acronym through ...
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Identifying word sequence by initial letters

I learned from Rav ABY that the Attributes of the month of Av are Ruling permutation of the letters of the Tetragrammaton HAVAYAH : KEH (really the 8th letter) VAV YOD KEH (ditto), contained in the ...
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What does the abbreviation ז׳׳ק mean after a person's name

I'm editing a translation of a yizkor book. It contains a full-page essay/tribute to a rabbi. The closing line of the essay has the author's name, followed by ז׳׳ק and I'm unsure how it should be ...
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What does בחי"ח stand for?

In the Bet Yosef on Siman 248 in Orah Hayim, he quotes Rabbenu Yeruham בחי"ח. What does this stand for, and where can I find it?
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What does דשלהי stand for?

I've seen this mentioned in the context of tefillot (and shiurim as well). What does דשלהי stand for: For example: להחזיק ביד לומדי התורה ולחזק הני ברכי דרבנן דשלהי . . . נתינה זו הנזכרת בכתוב ...
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Is there a feminine equivalent of Zt"l? [duplicate]

Inspired by this question, I am wondering: Is zt"l -- זצ“ל, zatzal = zecher tzadik livracha "May the memory of this tzaddik be a blessing" -- ever used for tzadkaniyot, righteous females? Or else is ...
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164 views

How to write Sheyichye in short in english [closed]

I know that in Hebrew it is written שי'‏. How should I write it in English letters in short so that people will understand it? Maybe she' or shi'?
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185 views

What do the letters of Teshuvah stand for?

I found online that Teshuvah stands for: תמים תהיה עם ה' אלקיך שויתי ה' לנגדי תמיד ואהבת לרעך כמוך בכל דרכיך דעהו הצנע לכת עם אלוהיך Is there any source for this?
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Rebbe Akiva's Name

I heard from someone that the name עקיבא stands for "יש קונה עולמו בשעה אחת." 1) Why is that? 2) What's the source for it?
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Acronym of Iyar

I read the following on page 141, in The Wisdom In The Hebrew Months: The first letters of the last three words of this verse, אני י-ה-ו-ה רפאך, I am Hashem, your Healer, are an acronym for Iyar. Is ...
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Meaning of the (Hebrew?) abbreviation Ka"H

I saw this on a frum forum: It bothers me when my daughters keep hearing about their (ka"h) appearance,and no one talks about character. I had never seen this abbreviation before. Does anyone ...
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5answers
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What did “נ ג ה ש” stand for before the Hanukkah miracle?

A well known reason we play dreidel on Hanukkah is this: Before the miracle of Hanukkah, when those who controlled the land severely restricted Torah study, Jewish children would gather to study Torah ...
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Wedding invitation Hebrew abbreviation

What do the letters ayin, bet, gimmel stand for between the groom's name and the bride's name on a Jewish, Hebrew wedding invitation? In the past, I've seen ayin, bet, lamed which I believe stands ...
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What is the oldest work to incorporate an acrostic of shem Havaya in the opening?

I have seen many books where the first letters of the first 4 works in the first sentence of the work spell out the shem Havaya (the Tetragrammaton, yud-kay and vav kay). What was the first Jewish ...
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Time, Place and Speak

I heard from someone that מזל stands for מקום זמן לשון, (there is a) place (and) time (to) speak. Do you where this idea comes from?
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Academic abbreviations

Academic texts typically use acronyms to refer to books in Tana"ch, Talmud, and rabbinic literature. I am presently working on editing the citations given within a translation to bring them more in ...
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108 views

What does צו״צ stand for?

After sh'mone esre (amida) of mincha on most Shabasos, we say three p'sukim, the first of which starts with the word "צדקתך". I've seen this three-pasuk paragraph referred to in Hebrew-language ...
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1answer
135 views

Jewish headstone abbreviation

What does פ"נ on a Jewish headstone stand for? I have seen it on many stones, seems to be a common occurrence.
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What's the significance of בי״ה שמ״ו סימן, espcially on Dt. 31:28?

In most sifre Tora (Torah scrolls), 240 columns of text each start with the letter vav (ו), and five do not. The first of those five exceptional columns, of course, is the first column of the Torah, ...
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The difference between Chazal and Razal

I have heard it said before that Chazal (חז"ל = חכמינו זכרונם לברכה; "our sages of blessed memory") refers to sages of the Mishna and Gemara, while Razal (רז"ל = רבנים/נו זכרונם לברכה; "our/the ...
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What does והבוכ"ע mean?

I have found this word a few times in the Satmar Rebbe's Divrei Yoel (such as here, for example, in Parshat Metzora'). I am assuming that it is an acronym, rather than a transliterated Yiddish word, ...
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Mnemonic of Rebbi Yehuda

The Haggadah tells us that Rebbi Yehuda came up with a mnemonic for remembering the Ten Plagues: Dtzach Adash B'Achav Why was the mnemonic necessary? It doesn't seem to me to be that difficult to ...
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1answer
83 views

Why do we abbreviate the Jewish year to the hundreds column?

The current Jewish year is 5774 however it is popularly abbreviated as 774 - תשע״ד. I would like to know why this abbreviation was adopted. I realize that to write out the number 5,000 would require ...
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1answer
80 views

Who was ר"מ in Sefer Kol Bo?

Nobody knows for certain who authored Sefer Kol Bo (ספר כל-בו), and various theories exist as to who, and when, it might have been. (For a brief example of such theories, see here). Likely it was in ...
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1answer
142 views

What sefer has rashei teivot הל''פ?

The Kaf Hahayyim in Yoreh Deah often cites a sefer whose name he abbreviates with the rashei teivot הל''פ. I can't find this acronym in his luach rashei teivot at the beginning of Yoreh Deah volume 1, ...
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458 views

How do you find or understand acronyms?

I've heard that the acronym in a sefer usually appears in the sefer in its full form somewhere before the acronym does, and in many cases I find this, but sometimes I do not, and cannot figure out the ...
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1answer
102 views

Perplexing Abbreviation in Tzafnas Paneach

The Tzafnas Paneach has a strange abbreviation in his commentary to Rambam, Sefer Zmanim, Chapter 5, Halacha 5. Here's the Rambam: ונהגו כל ישראל בזמנים אלו להתענות בשלשה עשר ג באדר זכר לתענית ...
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95 views

Who is the החזו"א

I saw the roshei teivos החזו"א in the Dirshu notes to Mishna Berura in Hilchos Rosh Hodesh. Can you tell me who it is? Is there a general resource to figure this out?
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584 views

Why are wedding invitation abbreviated b'rachos different for males and females?

Many wedding invitations written in Hebrew that I've seen have the abbreviations נ"י - after the groom's name - and תחי'‏ - after the bride's name. (Example) Sometimes they are slight alterations ...
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0answers
72 views

Who developed the " symbol, to be used for rashei teyvot or acronyms? [closed]

What are the earliest sources for the use of the " symbol before the final letter, to denote an acronym? This symbol (geresh) can be found in all Jewish languages, including Hebrew, Yiddish, Ladino......
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1answer
102 views

What's “מיי׳” short for?

The En Mishpat Ner Mitzva on the Bavli (in the standard edition, anyway) refers to the Mishne Tora (Yad Hachazaka) as "מיי׳". What is this an abbreviation of? (I have an ...