Questions tagged [sefer-torah]

A scroll of parchment on which is written the Five Books of Moses. Portions from it are read aloud in synagogue at least 4 times a week.

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1answer
49 views

Is it acceptable in a Sefer Torah or Tikkun to stretch all letters uniformly to justify the text?

Given that you aren't allowed to stretch spaces in Hebrew (would be interested to know where the primary source for this is), is it acceptable to simply stretch all characters in a line by some ratio ...
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21 views

What are the rules for “stretching” Hebrew characters [duplicate]

If you look here, some of the characters are stretched, pretty large stretches too, presumably to justify the text. In addition, at first glance, it looks like it's the last 1 or 2 characters which ...
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0answers
22 views

How are the whitespace spans constructed in the Torah? [duplicate]

This is the only piece of information on the web I could find. But wondering what these large "whitespace spans" are: I read in one place that they are "9 characters long", but when I view them in ...
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1answer
52 views

What is the exact formatting of the Chumash [duplicate]

I am looking for the rules for the exact formatting (the visual look) of the Chumash. I thought I was interested in the Torah Scroll, but it turns out that I'm actually looking for info on the Book ...
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0answers
53 views

Inconsistent sifrei Torah for the required number of aliyos

Different groups (Ashkenazim, Sefaradim, Teimonim) have different traditions for spellings of different words in the Torah. Practically, while each group writes according to their own mesorah, we ...
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1answer
46 views

Is there a maximum seam breakage in a Torah before it becomes pasul?

I gather that when writing the Torah, there is a maximum allowable space between columns. Hence, my question, which may be based on the above assumption... If the stitched seam between two parchment ...
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1answer
88 views

How does one write a Kosher Sefer Torah in Greek? [duplicate]

Following question of "why-is-a-greek-torah-scroll-kosher", the Mishna in Meggila 1.8 reads: אֵין בֵּין סְפָרִים לִתְפִלִּין וּמְזוּזוֹת אֶלָּא שֶׁהַסְּפָרִים נִכְתָּבִין בְּכָל לָשׁוֹן... רַבָּן ...
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How can we recognize Moses' original scroll?

Let's imagine we excavate the Temple Mount area and find an Ark with a 3500-year-old scroll in good condition. How would we know if it is the original scroll Moses wrote (besides being accompanied by ...
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1answer
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Was Moses' original scroll used as a blueprint for all following scrolls?

In Parashat Vayelech, Moses writes/completes a Torah scroll and hands it over to Kohanim to keep it in the Holy Ark. Does anybody mention that its purpose was to serve as a blueprint for other Torah ...
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1answer
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Does one need to fast if a pasul Torah is dropped?

There is a minhag to fast when a Sefer Torah is dropped. Does this apply if the dropped Torah was pasul (not "kosher")? My thinking - a pasul Torah is not a "true" Torah in the sense that it can be ...
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1answer
93 views

What is the difference in meaning between a Pesucha and a Setuma?

Paragraphs in a Torah scroll are separated in two ways: "open" breaks (a “Pesucha," generally a gap to the end of the line) and "closed" breaks (a “Setumah,” generally a gap in the middle of the line)....
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2answers
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When the Torah scroll was available at first for Dor Hamidbar?

What are the different Rabbinical approaches to when exactly were (at least the first 4 books of) the Torah scrolls available to the Jews in the wilderness? I'm asking specifically about the scrolls ...
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0answers
94 views

Tetragrammaton in paleo-Hebrew within Hebrew text of Tehilim

Many scrolls were found (in Qumran?) depicting a regular Hebrew scripture text with the Holy name written in paleo-Hebrew (כתב עברי), like this one: What Talmudic explanation fits these findings, if ...
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1answer
157 views

Writing/buying Seforim rather than Sefer Torah

I've heard someone say that the mitzvah to write/buy a Sefer Torah in these days is actually to write/buy seforim that we use to learn Torah from. Do you know who the source of this opinion is?
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1answer
85 views

Why there's no Deoraytah prohibition of altering Torah scroll?

Following my other question "no-anti-altering-failsafe-measures". Please correct me if I'm wrong, one who alters one letter of a Torah scroll invalidates it in whole (שו"ע יו"ד רעד). But I don't ...
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1answer
235 views

Count a Torah scroll as the tenth in a minyan?

There is a widespread perception in non-traditional congregations that the Torah scroll can count as a tenth to make a minyan. However, the Code of Jewish Law does not mention that. It only says ...
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0answers
27 views

What to do with unusable Torah scrolls? [duplicate]

Is a Torah scroll that is too old and worn out to be used buried in a genizah? I heard that just as the broken tablets of Moses' first ascension were kept with the whole tablets of Moses' second ...
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Protecting a Torah scroll with plastic sheet

Is there anything in halacha that prohibits applying a thin plastic sheet to the Torah scroll? (Possible reasons: Allow to avoid damaging the scroll with the yad over time, disallow so the words of ...
3
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1answer
107 views

Should you touch the scroll with the yad?

Is the Torah reader (baal koreh) allowed to touch the scroll with the yad or not? (Possible reasons: Allow to create a physical contact with the words of Torah; disallow to avoid premature damaging ...
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0answers
39 views

What can the proceeds from the sale of a pasul Sefer Torah be used for?

What are the restrictions, if any, on what the proceeds on the sale of a pasul Sefer Torah can be used for? Can the proceeds be used for capital improvements to the Shul?
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1answer
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What are the rules regarding resewing Torah “sheets”?

During my Yom Tov Torah reading, I noticed that two Sifrei Torah had seams that seemed (OK, a bit of a pun intended, here ;-) a bit loose. So, I have a few questions regarding some of the requirements ...
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1answer
62 views

Is there ever a rule not to place certain words on separate lines in a Sefer Torah?

The Gemara in Chulin 64b - 65 discusses the Bas Hayaana bird, and explains that although that is indeed the name of the bird, the fact that it is two separate words allows us to also interpret them ...
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Are any communities using Sifrei Torah without “rollers”?

I think there was some mention in Mas. Megillah that discussed the method of doing hagbah and the usage of a mitpachat ("kerchief / cloth") for handling and covering the Torah. From this idea, it ...
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1answer
68 views

Why is the מ in מוֹקְדָ֨ה small?

In Parshat צו, Chapter 6, verse 2 the מ in מוֹקְדָ֨ה is small according to Minchas Shai. Why is the מ in מוֹקְדָ֨ה small?
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Additional differences of Rashi's Torah scroll

Rashi on Shmot 25,20 interprets the Vav we don't have in our Torah scrolls: "ואת כל אשר אצוה אותך אל בני ישראל. הרי וי"ו זו יתירה וטפלה, וכמוהו הרבה במקרא" Siftey Chachamim explains: "אע"פ שאין ...
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1answer
88 views

Can I see a list of the 18 Tikunei Sofrim (emendations of the scribes), with each described?

Can I see a list of the 18 Tikunei Sofrim(emendations of the scribes)? (Describing each of them) I have found various references to the 18 Tikunei Sofrim online, but no elaboration on what each one ...
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1answer
82 views

Why is the Torah not written in chronological order?

Many parts of the Torah skip ahead or revert back several chapters or verses thereby rendering it NOT written in chronological order. What is the reason for this?
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4answers
168 views

Can a sefer Torah serve as a mezuzah?

This question is inspired by the extremely large mezuzot at Ben-Gurion airport (original image, rehost). If one attached a complete, kosher sefer Torah to a sufficiently large doorpost, would it ...
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2answers
180 views

Can women in niddah dance and hold a sefer Torah on Simkhat Torah?

Is there any opinion that allows women in niddah to dance holding the sefer Torah on Simkhat Torah?
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1answer
39 views

Is a Pasul Torah scroll considered a Muktzeh on Shabbat?

I know that there are different categories of Muktzeh. One category that is difficult for me to understand is the concept that if something has no use at all on Shabbat (or use for any purpose) it is ...
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5answers
237 views

Why is the Torah divided into five books?

When the Torah refers to itself, it refers to itself in the singular. There are numerous verses, notably in Devarim. One notable example Devarim 31:16 (Sefaria English translation:) "לָקֹחַ אֵת ...
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1answer
93 views

Do we fast when someone trips and falls while holding a Sefer Torah?

When dropping a Sefer Torah, the custom is to fast, but what is the minhag if I trip and fall while holding a Sefer Torah?
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1answer
91 views

How are Sephardi Sifrei Torah assembled?

I rarely daven in Sephardi shuls, so I'm curious as to how Sephardi Sifrei Torah are "assembled" from the time it is written on parchment until it is put into the case. Ashkenazi Sifrei Torah are "...
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1answer
41 views

When is a Torah scroll kosher? [duplicate]

A Torah scroll that is damaged cannot be used. But if the "good" parts of several Torah scrolls are stitched together, is the resulting scroll kosher? Or does the fact that more than one scribe ...
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0answers
76 views

Pesicha of 3 Sifrei Torah: special time

Someone sent me a voice recording of someone mentioning an idea from the Sefer Heichalos that when there is we open 3 sifrei Torah (Torah scrolls, on shabbas – chanuka – rosh chodesh), then there is a ...
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1answer
51 views

Torah Hebrew calligraphy [closed]

I want to know what was the calligraphy used in the first Torah manuscript? I searched Google but found no answer.
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2answers
142 views

Are Tefillin allowed to be put in a prison?

The Shulchan Aruch (Orach Chaim 135:14) states that one should not bring a Sefer Torah into a prison.: "בני אדם החבושים בבית האסורין אין מביאי' אצלם ס"ת אפילו בר"ה ויה"כ: הגה והיינו דוקא בשעת ...
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1answer
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How can I eliminate or reduce the musty “sheepy” Torah odor?

I was inspired to follow up on this question that asks about cleaning Torah scrolls. My shul building is about 90 years old. The Aron has 10 Torah scrolls - only 4 of them usable. This ark is opened ...
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1answer
152 views

Cleaning a Torah Scroll

Our shul recently had a sofer in to look at our newer Torah scroll. He suggested to the Rabbi that we clean the scrolls regularly, which we have never done. So we did it a few days ago, about 20 of ...
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1answer
144 views

Donations from non-Jews

Are donations to Torah institutions from non-Jews acceptable? Does it make a difference if they donate money or objects (e.g. a sefer Torah)? Does it make a difference who the donor is and what their ...
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1answer
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Can any part of Sta"m-making be done by a Gentile?

There are several steps that I can think of that "precede" or are "peripheral" to the actual writing of Sta"m (Sifrei Torah, Tefillin and mezuzot). Can any of these be done by a Gentile? Preparation /...
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1answer
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Why cant a Sefer torah be written by a machine [duplicate]

It seems that Sefer toras can't be used for torah readings/alias(since nobody uses them for it and the amazing facts and feats book mentions a machine made Sefer can't be used. But Why cant a Sefer ...
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2answers
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Do all the letters in Sta“m need to be the same ”baseline" height?

I know that prior to writing a column in a Sefer Torah, a Sofer "scores" the parchment to mark the rows. I am also aware that certain letters have "risers" and "descenders" (e.g. a final nun has a ...
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1answer
50 views

Can one Sefer Torah be in front of another one in an Aron?

My shul building is about 80 years old. The aron is huge and holds 10 Sifrei Torah arranged on 2 rows. The back row is higher than the front one. I noticed that all the "older" shuls that have a ...
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1answer
121 views

Can a previously used Aron Kodesh be used a Sefarim closet?

Someone in my neighborhood wants to donate a used Aron Kodesh to a shul. There is a shul in my neighborhood that I thought could use it, but they have one, already. But, I'm wondering if they would be ...
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1answer
258 views

Seeing a Torah scroll fall in a dream

What significance or symbolism, if any, is there if a person sees a torah scroll fall to the floor in a dream?
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1answer
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Were children ever given the honor of reading the Torah scroll in the first century? [closed]

Given that in the first century, Jewish boys were taught the Torah from ~6 to 10 in the synagogue, was there ever any likelihood of an exceptionally-literate and gifted pupil being selected to read ...
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63 views

Is there a source which states that the Baal Koreh should accompany the Sefer Torah back to the Ark?

Shulchan Oruch O Ch 23 149 (1) writes הגה - ובמקומות שמצניעין אותו בהיכל שהוא הארון בב"ה מצוה לכל מי שעוברת לפניו ללותה עד לפני הארון שמכניסין אותו שם [ד"ע ומהרי"ל] וכן הגולל ילך אחר הס"ת עד ...
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0answers
25 views

Sephardic Sefer Torah Case [duplicate]

When did the Minhag of Sephardim using an upright standing Torah case begin? From the gemara in Megila 32a it's pretty clear that in the times of Chazal this was not the prevalent custom. So to ...
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2answers
68 views

Why are specifically the land of Israel and the Torah called a “Morasha”?

If I have this correct, the Torah calls only two items מורשה - the Torah, itself as in Devarim 33:4 and the land of Israel (Cana'an) as in Shemot 6:8. I read, I think in both Art Scroll as well as ...