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Questions tagged [pronunciation]

How or why words are pronounced in certain ways.

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How לִקַּטְתְּ should be read

When reading Meghilath Ruth, How should I read the word לִקַּטְתְּ in 2:19? Should I attempt to pronounce the ט separately from the תּ (which, as far as I know, isn’t possible without an awkward-...
QwertyCTRL.'s user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
89 views

Scanning as a method of learning?

What is the support, origin, or source for scanning as a method of learning? Scanning the text with the eyes without necessarily pronouncing or voicing the text, I've heard this mentioned as a way to ...
Nissim Nanach's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
48 views

Pronunciation of Vav prefix in Talmud Bavli

In Tanakh, according to our mesorah from the Tiberian Masorites, a וְ prefix before a Shva or a bilabial letter is pronounced as וּ [wu]. However, the Babylonian Masorites had these cases as וִ [wi], ...
QwertyCTRL.'s user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
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Vocalization of תצפה in נשמת כל-חי

In various siddurim I have seen the word תצפה—near the end of the Nishmat prayer of Shabbat and Yom Tov—vocalized as either תְצַפּה or תִצְפּה. Which is correct in this context? (Thanks to Joel K for ...
QwertyCTRL.'s user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
129 views

Re-articulate a sound repeated after a maqaf?

When the same sound is called for on both sides of a maqaf, does this call for a single, prolonged version of that sound, or a second articulation of that sound? E.g. אֶל־לִבּֽוֹ׃ in Gen 6:6. In ...
bfd's user avatar
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1 answer
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Amen to a Chazzan with a different pronunciation of Hebrew

It is forbidden for a chazzan to lead a congregation that distinguishes between more letters than he does. Thus, if one is praying at a minyan where the chazzan's pronunciation is less exacting than ...
QwertyCTRL.'s user avatar
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43 views

ם at the end of a word

There are certain words in the Torah that one would expect to end in ים, but are spelled without the י (One example is שְִׂעִירִם). I am a Ba`al Qoreh. I attempt to be precise when I read the Torah ...
QwertyCTRL.'s user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
80 views

Kamatz and shva in words with ayin-lamed-mem root in Kaddish

There are several words in the Kaddish with the root "עלם" and a kamatz under the ayin, and a shva under the lamed, such as: בְּעָלְמָא , וּלְעָלְמֵי , עָלְמַיָּא. My intuition tells me that ...
Marc Stober's user avatar
7 votes
0 answers
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Shva na after dalet prefix

I noticed that in a few siddurim, in Akdamut (line 30), the shva in סִיּוּמָא דִלְעָלַם is marked as a shva na (vocal shva). And I saw in a single siddur (Artscroll) that in Uva letzion, the shva ...
JMS's user avatar
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If we know for certain that certain types of Hebrew pronunciation aren't correct to the biblical standard, why still use them? [duplicate]

This question may be controversial but it isn't meant as an insult to any specific community. In fact, it kind of targets everyone if the hypothesis is correct. It speaks to the reality of the exile ...
Michael's user avatar
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5 votes
0 answers
73 views

Can one pray with different nusach pronunciations [closed]

Can I pray with switching off between how different nusachim pronounce different words? The most obvious is example is Taf vs Saf- let’s say I’m saying Shema, am I allowed to say some words with the ...
Curious Yid's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
150 views

Can one Daven with the 'wrong' pronunciation?

Can one Daven (as the chazan or by himself) using a different pronunciation of letters / vowels than his minhag? For example, pronouncing a תּ and a ת (with and without a dagesh) the same, instead of ...
Lo ani's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
105 views

Correct pronunciation of the word הרהורים in the Hamapil bracha

I have seen two different ways to pronounce the word הרהורים in the Hamapil bracha said before sleep. One have the vowels like this: וְאַל יְבַהֲלוּנִי רַעְיוֹנַי וַחֲלוֹמוֹת רָעִים וְהִרְהוּרִים ...
Gavriel's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
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What is the difference in pronunciation between ח and the guttural כ

What is the difference in pronunciation between ח (khet) and the guttural כ (khaf)? And when do you know which one to use in a word?
Hadassah's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
89 views

What is the history behind the Chassidishe havarah?

I know this can be considered "unspecific," as there are many Chassidus with many havaros (e.g. Karlin Stolin, which IINM is very similar to a Litvish havarah, vs e.g. Belz, which has a more ...
Yehuda's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
256 views

Hebrew texts (like the Torah) with IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet) transliteration of each term?

Is there a mapping of Hebrew terms in the Torah (or any other key Hebrew text like you'd find on Sefaria), to the IPA pronunciation? Ideally even there would be at least two transliterations, one to ...
Lance's user avatar
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1 vote
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לא vs לו and other homophones - what can we do to avoid unwanted meaning in our prayers

There is a lot about pronouncing things correctly so we don't say the wrong thing, especially in tefilla. Eg in shema: we are to pronounce the ayin in "שמע" so it doesn't sound like "...
Rabbi Kaii's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
82 views

Are there any corrections one might suggest to this table of different Hebrew pronounciations? [closed]

Sound Modern Israeli (Based on Sephardic pronounciation) Ashkenazi Chabad (inc. other non-Oberland / Unterland Chassidim. Ashkenazi Chassidic (Oberlander, Unterlander and Galitzer, e.g. Satmar) ...
bobsmith's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
645 views

How to pronounce Hebrew with the Chassidic pronunciation?

First of all, I'm not Jewish but I love Judaism and feel a strong connection to the Jewish people and faith. My question is regarding the Chassidic way of Hebrew pronunciation when praying and reading ...
DejanR's user avatar
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1 answer
172 views

Kamatz Katan Question

Can someone kindly confirm if שׁלוֹמָךְ and אַמָךְ have a kamatz katan in them? I do not believe they do, but I’m still working on my ability to spot the kamatz katan in some words. I would pronounce ...
Asher Klein's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
245 views

Pronunciation of YHVH in the Pesel Micha story

The Minchas Shai on Shoftim 17:3 quotes the Gemara (Shevuos 35a) and Maseches Sofrim (4:6) regarding if the names יהוה and אלהים in the story of Micha's idol are holy or not. The Tanna Kama says that ...
Heshy's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
516 views

Ashkenazi Pronunciation

There is a different thread that said the Ashkenazi pronunciation does not have an “oh” sound for the kamatz katan. Is that correct? I suppose it would make sense given the difference in how they ...
Asher Klein's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
21 views

וִירוּשָׁלָֽ ִם in Siddur Avodat Halev? [duplicate]

Recently, I switched to Siddur Avodat Halev and noticed a different spelling of וִירוּשָׁלָֽיִם in places like יְהִי רַצוֹן at the end of the amidah. There they spell it ‎וִירוּשָׁלָֽ ִם without the yod. ...
Asher Klein's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
177 views

Pronunciation Question about patach-yod

Recently, I was talking to someone about how to properly pronounce a yod that follows a patach when it is not at the end of a word. For example, we know that words like חַי are pronounced as chai with ...
Asher Klein's user avatar
3 votes
0 answers
88 views

Chazal on pronounciation (according to Koren)

In his introduction to the Koren siddur, Eliyahu Koren claims: A window thou shalt make to the ark,” says God to Noah, and our sages took this also to mean that the correct pronunciation of the words ...
Yishai De Costa's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
241 views

Changing Beitza to Bei'a [duplicate]

I understand that there’s a yeshivish tradition of referring to Masekhes Beitza as “Bei’a”, by way of using the Aramaic word for ‘egg’ in place of the Hebrew. In two separate online shiurim that I ...
Shimon bM's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
128 views

Another pronunciation question

On rosh chodesh we read from the Torah (Numbers 28:14): וְנִסְכֵּיהֶ֗ם חֲצִ֣י הַהִין֩ יִֽהְיֶ֨ה לַפָּ֜ר וּשְׁלִישִׁ֧ת הַהִ֣ין לָאַ֗יִל וּרְבִיעִ֥ת הַהִ֛ין לַכֶּ֖בֶשׂ יָ֑יִן זֹ֣את עֹלַ֥ת חֹ֨דֶשׁ֙ ...
Asher Klein's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
151 views

How is וּמֵיהוה pronounced

This might be a stupid question, but I want to confirm וּמֵיהוה is pronounced u-may-adoni. The reason I ask is לַייָ is kind of blended to be la-donoi (the English letters might be a bit off but ...
Asher Klein's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
236 views

Kamatz with yod in פָּנָיו?

In the Aaronic blessings, should פָּנָיו be pronounced as PANAIW or PANAW? The yod can't be redundant right?
he wei's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
137 views

How is a "ד" without a דגש קל pronounced? [duplicate]

According to many books I have read, a דגש קל can only be present in the letters ב, ג, ד, כ, פ and ת. The Ashkenazi מסורה for pronunciations of the letters ג and ד without a דגש קל has been lost. I ...
Sapphire_Brick's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
249 views

Is וּכְתַבְתָּ֛ם in Shema with Shva Na or Shva Nach

My daughter goes to a chabad school (nusach ari?) and has been taught in class that וּכְתַבְתָּ֛ם in the shema (end of first paragraph) is with a shvah na on the כְ. She also says it has the asterisk ...
Gabriel's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
177 views

Similarity between atonement in Leviticus 4:20 & cover in Genesis 6:14 in terms of semantics, wording/phrasing, lettering/grammer, pronunciation?

I apologize but I do not know any Old Testament Hebrew so I'll have to rely on the responders to this post when it comes to analyzing the Old Testament Hebrew. Leviticus 4:20 (NASB 1995) 20 He shall ...
crazyTech's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
805 views

Ribono Shel Olam pronunciation

I haven't studied Hebrew in 50 years and cannot read it anymore. I wonder if anyone has any suggestions on how I can get the pronunciation of Rabbi Nachman's phrase "Ribono Shel Olam" both ...
onyourmark's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
168 views

Yeshayahu 40:31: Where does "vekovei" come from?

Yeshayahu 40:31: וְקוֹיֵ֤ יְהוָה֙ יַחֲלִ֣יפוּ כֹ֔חַ יַעֲל֥וּ אֵ֖בֶר כַּנְּשָׁרִ֑ים יָר֙וּצוּ֙ וְלֹ֣א יִיגָ֔עוּ יֵלְכ֖וּ וְלֹ֥א יִיעָֽפוּ׃ It seems that the oldest surviving manuscripts have the ...
Joel K's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
207 views

Chirik: the long and short of it

My understanding is that (according to at least some Hebrew grammarians) a chirik is classified as a short vowel if it is part of a closed unstressed syllable, and otherwise it is long. A 'short' ...
Joel K's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
215 views

Isaiah 40:4 -- is the word pronounced "geh" or "gay"?

כָּל גֶּיא יִנָּשֵׂא (In Isaiah 40:4, and therefore also the Haftarah for Nachamu, just after Tisha B'Av.) It's a segol under the gimmel so I'd say "geh" ... but then there's a yud, but it's ...
Shalom's user avatar
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-3 votes
2 answers
319 views

Correct pronunciation of Kaddish

The opening two words of Kaddish begin with the words: יִתְגַּדַּל וְיִתְקַדַּשׁ Both the gimmel and the dalet of 'Yisgadal' carry a dagesh as does the dalet in 'veyiskadash' - normally a function ...
Dov's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
230 views

Distinguishing kamatz and patach in tefillin blessing

About the blessing when donning the tefillin Orach Chayim 25:7 says: יברך להניח בקמץ תחת הה"א ולא בפתח ובדגש:‏ He should bless lehaniach with kamatz under the hei and not with patach and dagesh. ...
Kazi bácsi's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
117 views

What is a 'potential convert' called in hebrew/yiddish?

I know that a convert is called a ger tzedek. While a righteous non-Jew/goy is called a goy tzedek. From what I have found so far online, most just say/use "potential convert" when referring to ...
Re'eh's user avatar
  • 1,517
1 vote
0 answers
89 views

קָמָץ vs. קָמַץ in Ashkenazi pronunciation

All Ashkenazi readers/minhagim/etc. I've seen call this vowel קָמַץ, while there is considerable variation on whether the second syllables of the other vowel names (except for סֶגּוֹל, though there is ...
user17584's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
165 views

Silent sheva after long vowels

I assume most have heard about the 5 famous rules of Elia Levita regarding the vocal sheva. His rules tend to work well in practice, even the third, much debated rule about the concept of long vowels (...
Kazi bácsi's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
365 views

How do you pronounce the name אֱלוֹהַּ? [duplicate]

Is the word אֱלוֹהַּ pronounced as: "Elo-ha" or "Elo-ah"? DonielF pointed out a similar question. It seems to me that that question was asking for the reasoning of how Patach ...
Ari's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
318 views

Does Hebrew allow for this conception of the pronunciation of the "Tetragammaton"?

Disclaimer: I know no Hebrew. I'm trying to find out if the Hebrew argument that this article makes concerning the pronunciation of the divine Name is cogent or not. As an outsider they seem to know ...
Ruminator's user avatar
  • 1,157
3 votes
0 answers
98 views

What is the proper way to pronounce אלוה? [duplicate]

I remember reading something by Rabbi Phil Chernofsky in a recent Torah Tidbits in which he stated it should be pronounced “e-LO-wah”. On Mi Yodeya, I’ve read that that’s a Sephardic pronunciation, ...
BenBlogBlog's user avatar
9 votes
2 answers
599 views

Are there any recordings of the Tanakh read or chanted according to reconstructed Ancient Hebrew pronunciation?

I'm looking for audio recordings of the Tanakh, but without modern or Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciations - rather an attempt to recreate what Ancient (and Archaic) Hebrew actually sounded like. I'm also ...
Chilli's user avatar
  • 91
2 votes
1 answer
139 views

How to pronounce ראב"ד [closed]

I know this seems like a funny question, but it has always bothered me. What is the proper way to pronounce ראב"ד ? From a simple reading it would seem Ravaad makes the most sense ,but in the yeshiva ...
sam's user avatar
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12 votes
1 answer
399 views

If a Mesorah for letter pronunciation is rediscovered, would we have to change our pronunciations?

Let's say that someone finds some historical evidence that a particular system of pronunciations, whether it be currently extant or not, is the one which Klal Yisrael used at the time of Kabalas ...
DonielF's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
240 views

What different pronunciation should a Kohen give to each letter to be strict in halacha? (SA 128:33)

When Halacha says that a Kohen should distinguish between all the Hebrew letters in Siman 128 Seif 33 from where it says "similar examples": מי שאינו יודע לחתוך האותיות כגון שאומר לאלפי"ן עייני"ן ...
user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
346 views

Distinction between Samekh and Sin in the Yemenite tradition [closed]

As far as I know, in the Yemenite tradition there is a distinct sound for all consonants for the exception of Samakh and Sin. In the Wikipedia, it says that both sin and samakh are pronounced ...
Yair's user avatar
  • 33
2 votes
1 answer
158 views

List of places where Elokim is written as tetragrammaton

Can someone point me to a list of all places in Tanach where the tetragrammaton is pronounced as "Elokim" (as in, e.g., Yechezkel 28:25)? For some reason, my concordance does not list these under ...
user432944's user avatar

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