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Questions tagged [talmud-bavli]

Talmud Bavli is the book that contains discourses throughout hundreds of years.

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Why is שהחיינו called “ז” in P'sachim but “ח” in M'gila?

Why is the "שהחיינו" blessing abbreviated "ז" in Bavli P'sachim 103 but "ח" in Bavli M'gila 21? I'd expect some consistency. And it's not like "ז" makes more sense, or "ח" less sense, in P'sachim than ...
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Is Talmud Bavli inferior to the Talmud Yerushalmi?

In Sanhedrin 24a the Gemara goes on to explain the different learning styles of the Yerushalmi Scholars (friendly; gave honor to each other) and the Babylonian Scholars (sharp with each other's ...
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Are there Holy Books that Khazal (חז"ל) actually took out?

We find in Babylonian Talmud that there were some Holy Books that Khazal (חז"ל) wanted to take out / to hide (לגנוז), such as the Book of Ezekiel, The Song of Songs and others (see for example: ...
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What is the difference in Sha"s types; Oz V'hadar, Zecher Chanoch, N'harda'ah(נהרדעא)?

I am looking to purchase a true Chossen Shas, and I see various editions or publications. I am familiar with the classic Vilna Shaas, but I see many sets in either Oz V'hadar עוז והדר, Zecher Chanoch ...
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Is there a specific reason/ common theme why we ONLY rule like Abaye in the “יע”ל קג“ם” (Yaal Kigam)? [duplicate]

We pasken like Abaye in 6 places in Shas: 1) "יאוש שלא מדעת" (Bava Metzia 21b) whether despair of recovering a lost item that one didn't know about is considered a conscious feeling אביי אמר לא ...
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Why did the Savoraim only emend certain parts of the Talmud?

I remember learning that Savoraim added certain parts to the Talmud- ex: the beginning of Kiddushin (2a-3a) & parts of Bava Metzia. (feel free to add additional examples) Any idea why they ...
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uncommon wording in Gemara

Yevamos 32a תנא הא תנא ברישא והך חזיא להיתירא ושריא והדר חזיא לאיסורא ואיידי דחביבה ליה אקדמה ומשנה לא זזה ממקומה The Gemara says that the Tana taught first this Mishna (two brothers married to ...
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1answer
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Mishnayot not in Bavli

Does anyone know of a list of all Mishnayot to which there is no Gemara in Talmud Bavli? I.e., those Mishnayot that are not quoted at the head of a section of their own Gemara. Apologies if this ...
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Why mention Achashverosh's pillars?

The Bavli spends several pages (M'gila 10–16) going through parts of the book of Esther with aggadic commentary. Esther 1:6 describes a party: חוּר כַּרְפַּס וּתְכֵלֶת אָחוּז בְּחַבְלֵי בוּץ ...
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1answer
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Which Mesivta volumes contain appendixes?

I’d like to compile a list of the various features found at the end of select Mesivta volumes. They usually provide extra help with Gemara study using fancy charts and the like.
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Different kinds of Moshav Leitzim clowns

On Gemore Avoda Zara 18b, there's a list of multiple Moshav Leitzim examples: תנו רבנן ההולך לאיצטדינין ולכרקום וראה שם את הנחשים ואת החברין בוקיון ומוקיון ומוליון ולוליון בלורין סלגורין הרי זה ...
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1answer
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Why is there no Rashi on Maseches Nedarim, Nazir, most of Bava Basra etc?

A similar question asked "Which masechtot don't really have Rashi?" which proceeded to list the Masechtot (Nedarim, Nazir, Moed Kattan) & parts of Shas (most of Bava Basra, last 4 daf of Makkos) ...
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What did R' Zeira mean to forget from his Babylonian learning?

Following the previous question: The Gemmorah BM 85a: "ר' זירא כי סליק לארעא דישראל יתיב מאה תעניתא דלשתכח גמרא בבלאה מיניה כי היכי דלא נטרדיה" "When Rabbi Zeira ascended from Babylonia to ...
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How the Israeli Talmud learning was different from Babylonian to cause R' Zeirah to fast?

The Gemmorah BM 85a: "ר' זירא כי סליק לארעא דישראל יתיב מאה תעניתא דלשתכח גמרא בבלאה מיניה כי היכי דלא נטרדיה" "When Rabbi Zeira ascended from Babylonia to Eretz Yisrael, he fasted one ...
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Understanding תוד״ה תפילין on קידושין דף לו ע״א

The Talmud (Kiddushin 36a) cites a view that women are exempt from the prohibition on balding themselves in mourning. Rava there says that we know of this exemption because the same words "between ...
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Why the Gemmorah's disputes are left unresolved?

In the Gemmorah we can see three types of the Halachic resolution of a dispute: the issue is settled and the Halachah is clearly ruled multiple approaches mentioned but there's no clear resolution ...
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What available resources identify the reasoning structure of Tosafot?

I’m not looking for resources that explain tosafot’s commentary , rather that which explains tosafot’s dialectic, syntax and other components utilized in tosafot’s commentary.
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What are the 3 shvuot that are d'oraisa?

I know that a shvuat heses is drabanan. I think modeh b'miktzas is one, and that shvuat hashomrim is another, but what is the third? (and are the 2 I mentioned correct) Thanks!
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When can one pray after semen emission?

I read in Talmud Bavli that one cannot pray a certain period after seminal emission. There is a discussion about how long that period is. What's the accepted halacha on this issue? Does one who had a ...
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which Divrei Minus are forbidden to read/hear today?

The Talmud in (Avodah Zara 16b–17a) brings that Rabbi Eliezer was upset that he had been accused by the Romans. His student, Rabbi Akiva suggested that perhaps he had heard a teaching of the minim and ...
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Did Amoraim in Bavel study or know of the Talmud Yerushalmi?

The Talmud Yerushalmi was completed while the Amoraim in Bavel were still debating and discussing halachos that would be recorded later on the Talmud Bavli. I'd like to know if we can know or assume ...
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Why is Joseph's pit mentioned amid all the Chanukah stuff in tractate Shabas?

In the middle of a lengthy discussion about Chanukah, the Bavli (the beginning of Shabas 22) sticks in this seemingly unrelated passage: And R. Kahana said: R. Nasan b. Minyome exegeted in the name ...
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What's the longest “‫אמר ר׳ X אמר ר׳ Y‬” in the Talmud?

What's the longest "‫אמר ר׳ X אמר ר׳ Y‬" in the Talmud? For example Kiddushin 39: ואינהו כמאן סברוה? כי הא דתניא:‏ רבי אלעזר בר׳ יוסי אומר משום ר׳ יוסי בן דורמסקה שאמר משום ...
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The methodology of Mesores haShas

In Mesores haShas (printed in the margins of the Vilna Shas), is there any order to the sequence of quoted masekhtas? For example, on Sanhedrin 105b, a story is related that concerns the length of ...
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What kind of ‘rocking boat’ is Menachos 94 referring to?

The Gemara in Menachos 94b says: רבי חנינא אמר כמין תיבה פרוצה ר' יוחנן אמר כמין ספינה רוקדת Rabbi Ḥanina says: It was rectangular, with a wide base and two parallel walls with an open space ...
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Online Depictions of the Colorful Second Temple

Are there any artistic depictions, available online, of the multicolored appearance of the Second Temple, based on archaeological finds (see, e.g., here), or, e.g., the depiction of the blue/green and ...
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What is the issue with Rabbi Tarfon's redeeming of first-borns in Bechoros 51?

Bechoros 51b: וכך היה מנהגו של רבי טרפון שהיה נוטל ומחזיר וכששמעו חכמים בדבר אמרו קיים זה הלכה זו הלכה זו ותו לא אלא קיים זה אף הלכה זו This was how Rabbi Tarfon [the Kohen] used to deal with ...
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Is something missing from Menachot 63b?

In the classic Vilna printing of the Talmud, there is a significant amount of white space present underneath Menachot 63b. Why is this the case? Is there something missing that used to be there in ...
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Why the Jerusalem Talmud is not mentioned in the Bavli?

The JT was compiled some 150-200 years before the Bavli (WIKI), so the most of the disputes in the Bavli took place when the JT was already finished. The Rabbis (Tannayim and Amorayim) traveled all ...
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What is the image on many volumes of Shas called?

Does anyone know the official name of the 4-poled structure in the middle of the image below (of a cover of a volume of the Talmud)? I'm pretty sure that this 'structure' has a name, but my intense ...
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1answer
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Stumbling Block contained in the Babylonian Talmud

There is an incident in the Avodah Zarah tractate concerning a blasphemous joke Rabbi Eliazer overheard and derived pleasure from. This sin, according to the Rabbi himself, resulted in his wife and ...
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Non-literal interpretation of the barrel of wine virginity test?

In Ketubos 10:, Rabban Gamliel seats a lady on a barrel of wine to test her virginity. If wine can be smelled on her breath she is not a virgin, and if not then she is; there is no odour from the lady'...
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When were the names of Mishna Tractates set?

When were the names of the 60 Tractates and 6 Sdarim set? (WIKI here).
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Why is Talmud Bavli studied more than Yerushalmi?

I'm far from an expert on either Bavli or Yerushalmi. But, I'm curious as to why yeshivot (and, to an extent, even individual adults learning by themselves, chevruta or via shiurim) study Bavli far ...
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What is specific about the pre-ordination of these 3 things - spouses, houses, and fields?

Gemara Sotah 2a אמר רב יהודה אמר רב ארבעים יום קודם יצירת הולד בת קול יוצאת ואומרת בת פלוני לפלוני בית פלוני לפלוני שדה פלוני לפלוני... Rav Yehuda says that Rav says: Forty days before an embryo is ...
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Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Bavli

I heard there is a style of Talmud study somewhere, where as a verse presents itself in the Talmud, the student would learn the entire chapter from תנ״ך. With that, were one to complete the entire ...
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Who says the wicked are full of remorse? Help tracking down a supposed statement of Chazal

One section of the Tanya is called Likutei Amarim. Chapter 11 of this section contains the statement “Concerning such a person, the Rabbis of blessed memory have said, “The wicked are full of remorse.”...
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Giving up ones life על קידוש ה׳ not to transgress גילוי עריות

Are there any instances in Shas (Bavli or Yerushalmi) or even records of history where a group or even an individual gave up their life not to transgress גילוי עריות, Adultery?
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Do any of the differences between the various printings of Shas (Mishnah and Gemara) have halachic significance?

I recently watched a video by Rabbi David bar Hayim about the "18 minute matzah fallacy." While I don't think I know nearly enough to weigh into this debate in particular, he brings an odd proof. He ...
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The Gemara says (mesechet shabbat) that one can survive with a rivi'it of blood

The Gemara says (mesechet shabbat 31b) that one can survive with a rivi'it of blood. How is it possible when we know one can't even survive with a 40% blood loss?
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1answer
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Quotation in the name of a student

The Bavli often says "אמר פלוני אמר פלוני" ("So-and-so said that So-and-so said…") or "אמר פלוני משמיה דפלוני" ("So-and-so said in the name of So-and-so…") or "כי אתא פלוני אמר פלוני" ("When So-and-so ...
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Yasis alayich, not yasos

The gemara in megillah 10b and Sanhedrin 39b make a diyuk from the word 'yasis', as opposed to 'yasos' in devarim 28,63 that Hashem makes our enemies happy when we sin but he himself is not happy. In ...
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2answers
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How did the Boethusians linked the morrow after the Shabat with the Shabat Chol HaMoed Pesach?

In Menachot 65a-66a (according to the Sefaria translation): The Boethusians say, Shavuot falls on a Sunday [because they hold that "the day after the Shabbat" refers to the Sunday after Shabbat Chol ...
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1answer
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Why does the gemarah use Amalek as a mnemonic siman?

I don't know if there is any meaning that can/should be attached to the mnemonic signs in the gemarah. I usually assumed they are chosen based on being easy to remember. In Bava Batra 46b the gemarah ...
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Did Rav Yosef seriously instruct us to leave people in pits?

Avodah Zarah 26a-b In a passage here, Rav Yosef instructs us to leave idolators and 'shepherds of small animals' in pits. Abaye constructs an excuse to fish them out. Abahu stands with leaving them ...
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Explain dispute about damaged rows on Bava Kamma 6b?

I was learning Bava Kamma 6b and am having trouble understanding the machlokes between R' Yismael and R' Akiva. One problem I'm having is at the part of the sugya with Rav Idi bar Avin, he said that ...
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Yoma 45b Ner Tamid - How to light it?

I'm trying to figure out what the text of Yoma 45b is teaching it's reader. There is this part (verse 6) about the 'perpetual fire' of the outer court of the mikdash as in Vayikra 6:6. And from this ...
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1answer
109 views

How to understand Rashi's sudden reminder of the Beis Din shel Matto

Rashi in Makkos 4b comments on the words עדים זוממין אין צריכין התראה (false witnesses do not need fore warning to receive punishment), as follows: בכתובות אמרינן טעמא באלו נערות (דף לג.) נתרי בהו ...
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2answers
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“Whose opinion is this mishna?”: a question on Ketubot 49a

In Ketubot 49a, the mishna presents the opinion that a man is not legally obligated to support his daughters. The gemara then goes on to determine whose opinion this is: first it excludes Rabbis Meir, ...
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1answer
123 views

Is it mentioned in the Talmud that Moses time traveled into the distant future

Is it mentioned in the Talmud that Moses time traveled into the distant future?