Questions tagged [talmud-bavli]

The Talmud is a commentary on the Mishna (the oral law) written in Babylonia containing discourses of Amoraim spanning the 3th-5th century

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What is the source from the Gemara that you should kill a roidef before he comes to try to kill you [closed]

BH I heard if a roidef is coming to try to kill you you should kill him first. Where does it talk about this first in the Gemara and Halacha? How does Halacha define a roidef? And what if the Roidef ...
David 's user avatar
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Will the real Shas Kattan please stand up

There is an old tradition commonly referenced in the yeshiva community that Masekhet Ketubot is the "Shas Kattan" of Talmud Bavli, that is, it contains ideas that connect to just about every ...
הנער הזה's user avatar
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Gezel do indeed encounter an ocasion with bitlu

Shavua tov! On Makkos טז. on the end of the amud, the guemara asks if just the in shiliach haken and ones we encounter “bitlu ve lo bitlu”. And suggests gezel and mashcuno and pea. Gezel, it finishes ...
Rony Hakim's user avatar
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Is it stealing to eavesdrop? [duplicate]

According to bYoma 35b Hillel was denied entrance to a Beit Midrash which required students to pay for admission. Hillel instead climbed to the skylight and listened to the discussion for free. I ...
rikitikitembo's user avatar
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Seeking a cross reference between the Jerusalem and Babylonian Talmuds

The Bavli and Yerushalmi overlap in content (to a large extent), but the pagination of the overlapping content differs. I am seeking a reference work that shows on what page(s) given topics in one ...
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Gemoro says contents of a verse must be reversed to understand it. So why did the Torah write it 'backwards'?

The Gemoro quotes Devorim 12 (17) לֹֽא־תוּכַ֞ל לֶאֱכֹ֣ל בִּשְׁעָרֶ֗יךָ מַעְשַׂ֤ר דְּגָֽנְךָ֙ וְתִירֹֽשְׁךָ֣ וְיִצְהָרֶ֔ךָ וּבְכֹרֹ֥ת בְּקָרְךָ֖ וְצֹאנֶ֑ךָ וְכׇל־נְדָרֶ֙יךָ֙ אֲשֶׁ֣ר תִּדֹּ֔ר ...
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
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What is the date of the Babylonian Talmud and how is it dated?

A related question once appeared asking about how the Talmud (and related texts) are dated: when were the mishnah, talmud, and tosefta written? But none of the answers given to it actually explained ...
arara's user avatar
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Talmud Yerushalmi vs Bavli

We all know that only a Sanhedrin can vote conclusively on a halakha for the entire nation. Since the Sanhedrin was dismantled, the next best option was to listening to the hachamim of your locale. ...
David 's user avatar
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The search for invariants

In an interview, French Jewish intellectual Jacques Attali claimed that modern science is partly based on Jewish tradition because like talmudic discussions, it is based on the "search for ...
nayriz's user avatar
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Is it "שמן המור", or is it "אנפקינון"?

In Megilah 13a we bring down a פסוק which talks about what the woman did before going to אחשוורוש to try + become king: "For six months, they anointed themselves with "שמן המור" We then ...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
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How did the whole world know about אסתר's beauty?

In Megilah 13a it says all the nations of the world knew that אסתר was beautiful? How did they even know who אסתר is? Let alone, her beauty!
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
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Why is מרדכי the only one called a "יהודי?"

In Tractate Megilah 13a - it explains that מרדכי was called an איש יהודי, since he went against עבודה זרה. If so - then why is he the only one called a "יהודי?" Why not משה? Or אברהם? Or דוד?...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
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Why does "שוכו" change into "סוכו?"

In Tracte Megilah 13a - it lists the children of בתיה - the daughter of פרעה. One of the children's names is חבר - father of שוכו. The Gemara then explains that all of these names of the kids - are ...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
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Listing of amount of Blatt per perek of Shas [duplicate]

Where can I get a listing of how many blatt / pages are in each chapter of gemarah talmud bavli? I found a post with a spreadsheet that has the amount of mishnayos per perek and I am looking for the ...
Devpaq's user avatar
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Did the Himyarite Kingdom (Jewish state from c. 380 CE till 530 CE) have the Talmud/Oral Torah? If they converted without it, are they valid converts?

The Himyarite Kingdom became a Jewish kingdom in what is today Yemen, from around 380 CE at the earliest and continued to be Jewish until around 500 CE with the 530 CE date being the very latest date ...
setszu's user avatar
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Rashi, Yebamoth 55b:7

Is my translation of this Rashi on Yevamot correct? It deals with impurity due to contact with a dead body - in case a man has sex with his dead wife it is not impurity because the latter is always ...
Ootsutsuki's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
333 views

When Purim falls out on Shabbos, why are you allowed to give Mishloach Manos?

When Purim falls out on Shabbos, why are you allowed to give Mishloach Manos? Aren't we afraid one might carry it to a friend? Like רבה says in Megilah Daf 4b :(https://www.sefaria.org/Megillah.4b.21?...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
80 views

Why are דרשות about סוכות allowed on Shabbat?

The Gemara in Megilah 4:1 says that if י"ד אדר falls out on שבת, you should learn about פורים on שבת. The Gemara then asks: "Why do we need to say this if we already know this from having ...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
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Why doesn’t רבי שמעון בר נחמי accept רב שמן בר אבא explanation about בזמניהם?

On מגילה: דף ב:א there's a מחלוקת between רבי שמעון בר נחמי & רב שמן בר אבא about where in the תורה is it hinted that we read the מגילה on י"א י"ב & י"ג. I have thought of a ...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
122 views

Why does the opening משנה in מסכת מגילה have a weird לשון?

The opening Mishna in Masechta Megilla reads as follows: מְגִילָּה נִקְרֵאת בְּאַחַד עָשָׂר, בִּשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר, בִּשְׁלֹשָׁה עָשָׂר, בְּאַרְבָּעָה עָשָׂר, בַּחֲמִשָּׁה עָשָׂר. לֹא פָּחוֹת, וְלֹא ...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
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Where does רבי שמעון בר נחמי learn that you must read it on י"ד+ ט"ו throughout generations?

On מגילה: דף ב:א there's a מחלוקת between רבי שמעון בר נחמי & רב שמן בר אבא about where in the תורה is it hinted that we read the מגילה on י"א י"ב & י"ג. I have thought of a ...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
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Where does רבי שמעון בר נחמי learn that different places have different designated times to read the Megilah?

On מגילה: דף ב:א there's a מחלוקת between רבי שמעון בר נחמי & רב שמן בר אבא about where in the תורה is it hinted that we read the מגילה on י"א י"ב & י"ג. I have thought of a ...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
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32 views

What does רבי שמעון בר נחמי do with the extra letters in the word "בזמניהם"?

On מגילה: דף ב:א there's a מחלוקת between רבי שמעון בר נחמי & רב שמן בר אבא about where in the תורה is it hinted that we read the מגילה on י"א י"ב & י"ג. I have thought of a ...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
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0 answers
70 views

Hillel's or Shammai's?

In this Talmudic passage, which opinion prevails on the law according to the Talmud, Hillel's or Shammai's? "Rav Ḥisda raised an objection from a mishna (Nidda 64b). With regard to a young girl ...
Ootsutsuki's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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How were the conclusions of Horayot 13b reached?

I desire to know how the conclusions of Horayot 13b were reached. For example, why does “eating from that which a mouse eats and from that which a cat eats” cause one to forget his Torah study?
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What is the proof and reasoning that Rabbi Yitzchak and Rabbi Elazar are NOT arguing in Megillah 29a

B"H In a kuntress that the Rebbe gave out towards mid 5752 about the "house of our Rebbe in Bavel", it starts out with a chidush in Megillah 29a that Rabbi Yitzchak and Rabbi Elazar are ...
B''H Bi'ezras -- Boruch Hashem's user avatar
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What influence was present to convince Israel to accept the Babylonian Talmud as the basis to Halacha?

In the times of the Gaonim, Yehudai Gaon and Pirqoi ben Baboi seem to have tried to convince Israel to follow the Babylonian Talmud in the wake of earliest codified halachic works. What other ...
Elie's user avatar
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Genesis 32:33 a law or a custom?

It is mentioned in The Tanach that Jacob fought with an angel who could not beat him. At the end of the fight, the angel strikes a nerve in Jacob's leg, causing him to limp. The verse then states: &...
Ariel55's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
242 views

Recommendation for the best Talmud Bavli set [closed]

I want to purchase the best Talmud Bavli set that every Jew would dream to have. I have been using Artscrolls Bavli for many years now. Can you recommend me the best set (price is not an issue)? Make ...
Orecha's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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What is the SOURCE of the rules/protocols [for dealing with machlokes] within the Oral Law?

As far as I am aware, there are 3 major categories of Torah She’baal peh; a) Known via direct Mesorah. b) Known via interpretation (following the RULES of interpretation [eg hermeneutic laws and s’...
Tzvi K's user avatar
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Where is Shabbat 116b in the Munich Manuscript?

Can someone please tell me on which folio to find Shabbat 116b in the Munich Manuscript? My Hebrew is weak, and the numbering is different in the Munich Talmud: https://www.digitale-sammlungen.de/en/...
Jake Wilson's user avatar
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End of Redaction of the Mishnah and the Gemara

The Talmud has three layers, the Mishnah, the Gemara and the comments (mainly Rashi for Bavli and others for Yerushalmi, who are well known). What is the estimate timeline for the end of redaction of ...
Jeschu's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
564 views

Who is "Mar" ("The Master") in the Bavli?

Throughout the Bavli, but (based on a Sefaria search) never in the Mishnah, the Tosefta, or the Yerushalmi, we find the phrase "amar Mar" (אמר מר) without any other identifier (in contrast ...
Benjamin Davidson's user avatar
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0 answers
62 views

Agadah / Talmud Bavli Map

Is there a spreadsheet or list available, linking the אגדתא of shas with the standard pagination? I.e., flagging daf כ ע"א, כב ע"ב, כה ע"א as having אגדתא. (Anything in עין יעקב, but in ...
Eliyahu's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
169 views

Yerushalmi Horoyos in Shas Vilna

The Vilna Shas (Bavli) contains the Yerushalmi Horoyos, without meforshim, following the Bavli version. It does not have this for any other masechta (that I know of). Why is this?
YSR's user avatar
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3 votes
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Why does Sanhedrin 95a not list the Kefitzas HaDerech example of the 10 spies in Shelach

Question inspired by R. Elchanan Shoff Oneg Shelach 2019 p.6 Rashi on Bamidbar 13:25 states "They returned from scouting the Land at the end of forty days: But does not the Land measure four ...
Daniel Yaacov's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
419 views

English translation of Rashi Talmud Commentary

Are there any Rashi commentaries in English on Moed Katan? If not, does anyone know where I can find an accurate (non-Google translate) rendition of this: אפילו בספר עזרא - ספר תורה של עזרא ואני שמעתי ...
SarcasticAquarius's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
79 views

Question on the connection of the braitot in Sanhedrin 32b

In Bavli Sanhedrin 32b it says: "The Sages taught: The verse states: “Justice, justice, shall you follow.” This teaches that one should follow the best, most prestigious, court of the generation....
Harel13's user avatar
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-2 votes
1 answer
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Jewish View on "Runes" [closed]

How does the Torah and Talmud view (viking and non viking) runes? Letters written on swords and such. Stones with a letters. What is the view on them? To clarify: There is a game(s) where it is ...
Israel B.'s user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
311 views

Jewish Babylonian Aramaic - Flashcards

Does anyone know if vocabulary flashcards are available for students of the Aramaic of the Bavli?
Bs234570's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
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Where did Maimonides learn specific Issurey Biah from?

In the Mishnneh Torah, Issurei Biah 1:13 there is a law that does not punish a man who has had forbidden sexual relations with a girl who is under three years of age: "כָּל אִשָּׁה אֲסוּרָה ...
Ootsutsuki's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
168 views

טירטוריו"ש in Rashi

In his commentary to Nazir 49b (heading קנטרנין), Rashi gives one word: טירטוריו"ש What does this word mean please?
Zarka's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Betrothal without witnesses? [duplicate]

According to rabbis Walter Jacob and Moshe Zemer (1932-211), engagement through sexual intercourse did not require witnesses, it was sufficient a declaration of the will to marry the woman: "...
Ootsutsuki's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
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The twelve months not necessarily be observed? [closed]

According to various rabbinic sources, after an engagement twelve months (one year) must follow for effective coexistence (Nisuin): Talmud, mKetubot 5,2; 57b; mNedarin 10.5 but also Mishneh Torah, ...
Ootsutsuki's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
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Source for a rabbi warning his student/son?

I distinctly remember a passage in the Talmud that went something like this: A Rav advises his student (or son) that he should ensure that he uses the correct Torah scroll or chumash when praying/...
GGG's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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Ark of the Covenant

During the journey a man named Uzza touched the Ark of the Covenant to support it and fell dead on the spot (2 Samuel 6:1-8, 1 Chronicles 13:9-10). Here are two questions: 1. Why does God kill for ...
Ootsutsuki's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
134 views

Printed/Online List of All Major Sugyas

I would like to see a printed or an online list of major sugyas from the Bavli - obviously, together with references (so that I can look them up for myself), but ideally also with a little bit of ...
Shimon bM's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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Talmid Rabbeinu Yeĥiel of Paris on Moed Katan

Steinsaltz edition of Moed Katan cites a comment on daf 17a from Talmid Rabbeinu Yeĥiel of Paris. This doesn’t appear in Tosafot. Does anyone know where I might find it?
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What is a Dofen Akuma?

The gemara in Sukka 4 speaks of Dofen Akuma (literally a "bent wall"). How does this halacha look/work?
yisrael's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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42 Levite Cities as Cities of Refuge

Bamidbar 35 discusses the cities that are to be given to the Leviem, and says that in addition to the 6 cities of refuge they are to be given 42 cities. Numbers 35:6 וְאֵ֣ת הֶֽעָרִ֗ים אֲשֶׁ֤ר ...
Solomon Light's user avatar

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