Questions tagged [rashi]

Rabbi Shlomo of Troyes, 1040-1104, and his works

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Did Rashi make halachic rulings?

Did Rashi issue any halachic rulings? (Examples?) Or did he simply provide useful and succinct explanations, drawn from the Sources, for those studying Torah?
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Commentary on Psalm 23:4 is this accurate? [closed]

raashi commentary on the verse in psalm "Valley of the shadow of death" Good nefeshim do not suffer the pangs of death as much as evil nefeshim suffer, for the hazaruth ha mautim touches the ...
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4answers
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Why was Shmitta specifically chosen to teach that the intricacies of all mitzvot were given at Har Sinai?

(related to "Ma Inyan Shmitta Eitzel Har Sinai" but not the same) Parshas B'Har starts off saying Hashem spoke to Moshe on Har Sinai and instructed Moshe about the mitzvah of Shmitta. Rashi (s.v. ...
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1answer
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The twelve plagues of Rashi

The Vilna Gaon (Gra) has a quite challenging comment on Midrash Seder Olam Rabbah 3:2 that Rashi says the Makkot were twelve: I haven't found this Rashi anywhere explicitly in him Chumash peirush. ...
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1answer
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What is the meaning of “וְדַעַת קְדֹשִׁים בִּינָה”?

The book of Mishlei contains deep wisdom with many layers of meaning which is often hard to grasp. Fortunately, such great commentators as Rashi provide clear explanations of the true meaning. However,...
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“Vaishakehu” Extra Points over entire word? or some letters?

Shalom! The famous Passuk on which Esav and Jaacov ran, hug, kiss and cry. The Word VAISHAKEHU has points-dots over every leter. Siftei Chakhamim seems to have VAISHAKEHU וישקהו with 5 nekudot, ...
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Why does Rashi translate בירה differently in different places?

In some places, Rashi translates בירה as a "מגדל [גדול]‏", a "[large] tower" (Bava Kamma 61b, Taanis 16a). In other places he translates it as a "בית גדול", a "large house" (Bava Kamma 22a, Gittin ...
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1answer
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Giving credit where credit is due [duplicate]

-The Talmud says, in two places, "He who reports a saying in the name of its author brings deliverance to the world." [Megillah 15a; Chullin 104b] -The Talmud is very careful to always attribute its ...
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We need ten consolers; why not ten mourners?

The mishna, M'gila 23 amud 2 as described by Rashi, says we don't say the mourners' outdoor blessing without the presence of ten people, and the mourners themselves don't count toward the requisite ...
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1answer
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“Amar Rabbi Yitzchak” - Who is Rabbi Yitzchak?

Rashi opens his commentary to the Chumash with the words Amar Rabbi Yitzchak, "Rabbi Yitzchak said." However I am unsure the identity of this Rabbi Yitzchak. I have been unable to find a source for ...
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Parahas Ki Sisa Rashi

In Parshas Ki Sisa by the sin of the golden calf, Moshe says to Hashem "if you don’t forgive the Jews, wipe me out of your Torah" . Rashi then says that Moshe said to Hashem, “if you dont forgive them,...
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Additional differences of Rashi's Torah scroll

Rashi on Shmot 25,20 interprets the Vav we don't have in our Torah scrolls: "ואת כל אשר אצוה אותך אל בני ישראל. הרי וי"ו זו יתירה וטפלה, וכמוהו הרבה במקרא" Siftey Chachamim explains: "אע"פ שאין ...
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1answer
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Why, according to Rashi, do the words Aron Ha-Elokim refer to the Urim Ve-Tumim, and not the Aron Ha-Kodesh in I Shmuel 14:18?

Rashi comments to the words "Aron Ha-Elokim" in Shmuel I 14:18, saying that these words refer to the Urim Ve-Tumim. Why does Rashi understand these words to be referring to the Urim Ve-Tumim, when ...
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What is the horn of Amalek?

Tehillim 75:11 states וכל־קרני רשעים אגדע תרוממנה קרנות צדיק All the horns of the wicked I will cut; but the horns of the righteous shall be lifted up. Rashi explains that the horns of the ...
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1answer
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How does Rashi's explanation of Gen. 19:3 work?

In Parashat Vayera, we read that Lot gives the angels matzah (19:3). Rashi's explanation for this detail is that it was Pesach. The connection between matzah and Pesach is obvious, but I am confused ...
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Theoretically, may a Sidra begin in the middle of a Parsha, besides for Vayechi? [duplicate]

Rashi at the beginning of Vayechi (Bereishis 47:28) asks: לָמָּה פָּרָשָׁה זוֹ סְתוּמָה Why is this Parsha “closed”? As Sifsei Chachamim ad. loc. explains: למה פרשה זו סתומה כו'. כלומר ...
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Who wrote Ikar Siftei Chachamim?

Siftei Chachamim (שפתי חכמים) is a super-commentary on Rashi's commentary on the Torah, written by the 17th-Century CE Polish scholar Shabbethai Bass. It tends to be included in Mikraot Gedolot ...
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Why would it be better for Rashi to say nothing than to say he doesn’t know?

This question previously asked why Rashi sometimes says he doesn’t know what a passuk comes to teach us. Both the questioner there and the various sources cited in this answer there seem to assume ...
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Explain Rashi / Mechilta on Shemot 24:3

In Shemot 24:3, regarding the term mishpatim (logical laws), Rash"i citing Mechilta includes a list of items. Among them, he includes parah adumah (the laws of the red heifer.) This is puzzling. The ...
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Why is there no Rashi on Maseches Nedarim, Nazir, most of Bava Basra etc?

A similar question asked "Which masechtot don't really have Rashi?" which proceeded to list the Masechtot (Nedarim, Nazir, Moed Kattan) & parts of Shas (most of Bava Basra, last 4 daf of Makkos) ...
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How are we to understand the first Rashi in the Torah?

How can we understand the first Rashi in the Torah? בראשית. אָמַר רַבִּי יִצְחָק לֹֹֹֹֹא הָיָה צָרִיךְ לְהַתְחִיל אֶת הַתּוֹרָה אֶלָּא מֵהַחֹדֶשׁ הַזֶּה לָכֶם, שֶׁהִיא מִצְוָה רִאשׁוֹנָה ...
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1answer
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Was there a parasha beginning at Exodus 18:21?

Rashi to Exodus 18:1 says that Yisro was also called Yeser because he added (yasar) a parasha in the Torah: "And you see…" [from 18:21]. We don't have a parasha break before verse 21. Did ...
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Why does Rashi interpret Chizkiya’s dragging Achaz’s bones differently in different locations?

The Braisa says (Pesachim 56a, quoted as Mishnah 4:8): תנו רבנן ששה דברים עשה חזקיה המלך על שלשה הודו לו ועל שלשה לא הודו לו גירר עצמות אביו על מטה של חבלים והודו לו [...] The Rabbis taught: ...
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How can we say something is a machlokes Rashi vs Tosfos, if Rashi can't respond or defend himself?

Many Tosfos contain questions about what Rashi says, followed by them giving their own answer. But how can we honestly say something is a "machlokes Rashi vs Tosfos" when Rashi doesn't get a chance ...
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Torah Genealogy not mentioning Childless people

In Shmuel 1, 17:12, the sons of Yishai are listed. There is a discrepancy between this count (of 7) and the textual statements that Yishai had 8 sons. Some meforshim explain this as because the 8th, ...
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Where in the writings of the Vilna Gaon does he discuss how Rashi & Tosfot each explain a Talmudic “sugiya?”

Two days ago, I asked this question in the name of the Vilna Gaon. I was informed that the answer may be [also] found in the writings of Rav Chaim Volozhin. So, I re-phrased the question. My ...
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What's the connection between Zimri and Korach, and the sale of Yosef and destruction of Shechem?

In Yaakov's blessings to his children, he says the following to Shimon and Levi: Bereishis 49:6: בְּסֹדָם֙ אַל־תָּבֹ֣א נַפְשִׁ֔י בִּקְהָלָ֖ם אַל־תֵּחַ֣ד כְּבֹדִ֑י כִּ֤י בְאַפָּם֙ הָ֣רְגוּ אִ֔ישׁ ...
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Why did the sea travelers in Yonah 1 proselytize instead of becoming righteous gentiles?

We read in Yonah 1 about the men who traveled on a boat with Yonah. When the sea ceased storming we read: "And the men feared the Lord exceedingly, and they made sacrifices to the Lord and made vows."...
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According to Rashi, how old was Avraham at B'rit Bein HaB'tarim?

Rashi to Shemot 12:40 says that B'rit Bein HaB'tarim took place thirty years before the birth of Yitzchak (when Avraham was one hundred years old), meaning that Avraham was seventy years old at the ...
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Hundred like seventy and seventy like five

Rashi says on Bereshit 25:7 (Sefaria) מאה שנה ושבעים שנה וחמש שנים A HUNDRED AND SEVENTY FIVE YEARS — (lit, a hundred years, and seventy years and five years) — at the age of one hundred years he ...
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Guests are masters?

Rashi to Genesis 19:2 said that Lot called the angels his masters because: "וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֶּה נָּא־אֲדֹנַי סוּרוּ נָא אֶל־בֵּית עַבְדְּכֶם וְלִינוּ וְרַחֲצוּ רַגְלֵיכֶם וְהִשְׁכַּמְתֶּם ...
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Humility of Yoktan

Rashi (Bereishis 10:25) mentions the humility of Yoktan allowed him to merit 13 out of 70 nations. ויקטן. שֶׁהָיָה עָנָו וּמַקְטִין עַצְמוֹ, לְכָךְ זָכָה לְהַעֲמִיד כָּל הַמִּשְׁפָּחוֹת ...
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The claim that Yishmael repented when he was dying

I was reading ArtScroll' machzor's commentary to the Torah reading on the first day of Rosh Hashanah, which they say was taken from ArtScroll's Bereishis. After being told that Yishmael was dying, the ...
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Why does Rashi specifically tell us his interpretation method on 3:8?

In Bereishis 3:8, Rashi makes the following comment about his method of interpretation: וישמעו. יֵשׁ מִדְרְשֵׁי אַגָּדָה רַבִּים וּכְבָר סִדְּרוּם רַבּוֹתֵינוּ עַל מְכוֹנָם בִּבְ"רַ וּבִשְׁאָר ...
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Obligation to accept Rabbinical sayings “על ימין שהוא שמאל”

To continue my scientific/Halachic exploration, I would like to summarize the approaches in one question that addresses the famous Rashi on Dvorim 17,11. I think this long and well-sourced question is ...
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1answer
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Rashi's reason for juxtaposition of mitzvos insufficient

The Torah (Deuteronomy 22:6-11) describes 5 mitzvos consecutively, seemingly in random order (although the last three are indeed connected): Sending away the mother bird Building a fence on your roof ...
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וקמת ועלית - how did they measure Jerusalem's highest point?

On the Pasuk (Deut 17,8): כִּי יִפָּלֵא מִמְּךָ דָבָר ... וְקַמְתָּ וְעָלִיתָ אֶל־הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר יִבְחַר ה' א' בּוֹ׃ If a case is too baffling for you to decide, ... you shall promptly ...
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1answer
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Rashis unknown family

Rashi in parshas Pinchos (Bamidbar 26,13) with regards to a son of Shimon which was missing from the previous count in Parshas Bamidbar quotes the Yerushalmi which addresses this question: משפחת ...
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1answer
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Reb Yitzhak's diamond, Rashi's birth - the source? [closed]

There's a famous story, mentioned here and in many other places – the legend of Reb Yitzhak's diamond. What's the source of this story? Tizku lmitvois!
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Contradiction in Rashi regarding the travels of Bnei Yisrael

Rashi in Parshas Devarim (1:46) writes as follows: ותשבו בקדש ימים רבים - י״ט שנה - כימים אשר ישבתם בשאר המסעות. והם היו ל״ח שנה, י״ט מהם עשו בקדש וי״ט שנה הולכים ומטורפים וחזרו לקדש, כמו שנאמר ...
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3answers
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How a father is allowed to cause embarrassment to his underage daughter?

In Ketubot 40b the Gemara says that we see that the father gets his daughters (child) embarrassment and degradation payments from the fact that he can marry off his daughter to someone horrible, ...
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1answer
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Where is there a rabbinical discussion or a mentioned in the TaNaKH about ethnic designation to mean “white” or “white person” or non-black person?

Where is there a rabbinical discussion or a mentioned in the TaNaKH about ethnic designation to mean "white" or "white person" or non-black person? I am aware that there is an ethnic designation in ...
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2answers
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Rashi Biographical Details [closed]

On Avodah Zarah 75a (dibur hamtchil "ולא פליגי"), Shabbos 85b ("בנוטה שורה לכאן ושורה לכאן"), Sukkah 40a ("ה"ג עצים דהסקה תנאי היא"), and Makkot 19b ("רישא במעשר שני טמא") there are personal comments ...
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Rashi, Tosfot - Dialects

Is there a name for the dialect of Hebrew/Aramaic that Rashi and Tosfot use? Have there been any articles and/or books published on how to systematically approach Rashi and the Baalei Tosfot's ...
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0answers
52 views

Why did the angel who destroyed Sodom have to visit Avraham? [duplicate]

רש"י בראשית \ וירא יח,ב והנה שלשה אנשים אֶחָד לְבַשֵׂר אֶת שָׂרָה וְאֶחָד לַהֲפֹךְ אֶת סְדוֹם וְאֶחָד לְרַפְּאוֹת אֶת אַבְרָהָם, ... וּרְפָאֵל שֶׁרִפָּא אֶת אַבְרָהָם הָלַךְ מִשָּׁם לְהַצִּיל אֶת ...
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Unknown La'az in Teshuvot Rashi

In the Elfenbein (1943) edition of Teshuvot Rashi, in the teshuvot from Rashi to the rabbis of Auxerre ('סימן ג), Rashi writes "לשון דמות צלם" is "אאמיינדליי" in la'az. Elfenbein writes in his ...
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1answer
72 views

Which of Adam’s sons married which of his daughters?

According to Rashi to Bereishis 4:1-2, Kayin was born with a twin sister, and Hevel was born with two triplet sisters. As Rashi to Vayikra 20:17 explains, Kayin married his sister in order that the ...
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1answer
68 views

Zevulun or Yissachar: Who Goes First?

In Devarim 33:18 Rashi cites Breishit Rabbah 99:9 saying that Zevulun preceded Yissachar in receiving Moshe’s bracha because that shevet enabled Yissachar to learn Torah by providing for their ...
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1answer
72 views

Why does Rashi quote Vayikra 23:39 as the source for leap years?

Why does Rashi quote Vayikra 23:39 as the source for Ibur Shana ("מכאן שנצטוו לעבר את השנים"), as opposed to Devarim 16:1 quoted by the Rambam in Hilchos Kiddush Hachodesh 1:1 ("והשנים שאנו מחשבין הם ...
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3answers
156 views

If the Targum on the Torah written by Onkelus was given at Har Sinai, How can Rashi say that he made a mistake?

If the Targum on the Torah written by Onkelus was given at Har Sinai, How can Rashi say that he made a mistake? See Gemara מגילה דף ג ע"א Megilla 3a: ותרגום של תורה אונקלוס הגר אמרו? והא אמר רב ...