Questions tagged [rashi]

Rabbi Shlomo of Troyes, 1040-1104, and his works

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First Rashi on Vayikra 25:46

According to Rashi's first commentary on Vayikra 25:46, what would be the distinct meaning of the verse with "והנחלתם" vs. with "והתנחלתם"? Thank you
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Question about Rashi being taught by angels

Is there a Torah source (or sources) claiming Rashi was taught his Torah commentary by malachim? I remember hearing this many years ago from one of my uncles, but I haven't been able to find any ...
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טירטוריו"ש in Rashi

In his commentary to Nazir 49b (heading קנטרנין), Rashi gives one word: טירטוריו"ש What does this word mean please?
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Why did the Chachamim change this Passuk?

The Gemara brings in the incident of a king gathering 72 sages to translate the Torah to Greek. They all came with the idea to change some Psukim. One of them was זָכָ֥ר וּנְקֵבָ֖ה בְּרָאָ֑ם ...
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How did Rashi know Ben-Temalion was a small shed (שד)?

In Meilah 17b there's a story about a shed (שד) named Ben-Temalion who assisted Rashbi. Rashi there writes: "בן תמליון - שד שקורין נוטיו"ן". Translation: Ben-Temalion - a type of ...
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Why is a lulav from עיר הנדחת pasul because it lacks a shiur?

In לולב הגזול, the first Mishna says a לולב של עיר הנדחת is pasul. Rashi explains that this is because it "lacks" the minimal length of 4 tefachim, since it is supposed to be burned and is ...
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How can Rashi (Makkos 5a) suggest that a murderer could escape the death penalty by admitting liability?

In Maseches Makkos 5a , Rashi D.H. מאי טעמא דבעידנא דקא מסהדי maintains that ואילו הוה אתי ומודה הוה מיפטר that the accused who stands to be executed by Beis Din could have got out of the punishment ...
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Angels visiting Abraham during Pesach

I start it from the end: regarding Lot it is written (Bereishit 19:3): וַיִּפְצַר־בָּ֣ם מְאֹ֔ד וַיָּסֻ֣רוּ אֵלָ֔יו וַיָּבֹ֖אוּ אֶל־בֵּית֑וֹ וַיַּ֤עַשׂ לָהֶם֙ מִשְׁתֶּ֔ה וּמַצּ֥וֹת אָפָ֖ה וַיֹּאכֵֽלוּ׃...
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New print of Minchas Yehuda

The popular commentary Sifsei Chachamim is a digest of supercommentaries on Rashi on Chumash. One of the commentaries I've frequently noticed he quotes is the Minchas Yehudah, by Rav Yehudah Leib ben ...
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How could Batya convert without a Jewish court?

A follow up to "how-did-batya-know-that-tevilah-is-part-of-conversion". Rashi in place (Sota 12b) proposes that by dipping in the Nile Batya converted (presumably to Judaism). For Rashi, how ...
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When did עבודה זרה start?

Rashi says on the posuk (בראשית,ד,כ) of: וַתֵּ֥לֶד עָדָ֖ה אֶת־יָבָ֑ל ה֣וּא הָיָ֔ה אֲבִ֕י יֹשֵׁ֥ב אֹ֖הֶל וּמִקְנֶֽה וּמִדְרַשׁ אַגָּדָה בּוֹנֶה בָתִּים לַעֲ"זָ, כְּמָה דְּאַתְּ אָמַר סֵמֶל ...
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How did Rashi come to the conclusion that the heavens were created from fire and water?

In his commentary of Beresheith/Genesis 1:1, Rashi states: And a further proof that the heavens and earth were not the first thing created is that the heavens were created from fire (אש) and water (...
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How and why does a Jubilee year cause Rosh Hashanah to take place on the 10th day of the month?

How and why does a Jubilee year cause Rosh Hashanah to take place on the 10th day of the month? Ezekiel 40:1 reads "on Rosh Hashanah, on the tenth of the month". Rashi asks and answers, &...
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Apparent contradiction in Bamidbar 35:1-5

I am aware that Sotah 27b and Rashi do not not regard these verses as self-contradictory, although they point to the apparent contradiction. The verses in English: The LORD spoke to Moses in the ...
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דברה תורה בלשון בני אדם

There is a well-known machlokes among Tanaim if דברה תורה בלשון בני אדם. I want to know if there is a final psak on this machlokes, especially according to Rashi. Does Rashi ever say which way to ...
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Gemara with Rashi in "regular" script [duplicate]

I am overseeing the creation of a beis medrash program for high schoolers with zero exposure to traditional texts, and am looking for editions of the gemara--with the standard vilna layout--but have ...
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What is the difference when Rashi says בגמרא מפרש and מפרש בגמרא?

When Rashi comments on a Mishna telling us that the gemara will explain, sometimes he uses the phrase בגמרא מפרש and sometimes he uses the phrase מפרש בגמרא. (see here) Why would Rashi use one over ...
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Where Can I find this Machlokes about the 13 Middot of Drush?

Several years ago, I came across the following machlokes between Rashi and Tosfot in Shas Bavli. Rashi said that all 13 middos of drush require a mesorah except for Kal Vachomer, and Tosfot said all ...
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Did Isaiah deserve to be killed?

In Yevamot 49b the Sefaria translation adds the following words: He was punished for referring to the Jewish people in a derogatory manner. (As far as I can see, this isn't mentioned in the original ...
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Why does Rashi bring the gematria hint of בזאת?

It says on Rashi beginning of Acharei https://www.chabad.org/dailystudy/torahreading.asp?tdate=4/18/2021 with this: בְּזֹאת. Its gematria [numerical value] is 410, an allusion to [the number of years ...
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Death of Nadav & Avihu/ Human Sacrifice?

According to Rashi the death of Nadav and Avihu was (as earlier to to Moshe by G-D) in order to sanctify the Mishkan. So in a sense the sanctification of the Mishkan (i.e. G-D's indwelling within it) ...
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What does the Gemara mean by שֶׁמְּמָאֲנִין אֶת הַקְּטַנָּה?

Brachot, Perek 4, daf 27, amud A, says רִבִּי יְהוּדָה בֶּן בָּבָא הֵעִיד חֲמִשָּׁה דְּבָרִים שֶׁמְּמָאֲנִין אֶת הַקְּטַנָּה וְשֶׁמַּשִּׂיאִין אֶת הָאִשָּׁה עַל פִּי עֵד אֶחָד וְעַל תַּרְנְגוֹל ...
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Meaning of the word "Devash"

Sometimes, when Devash is mentioned in scriptural passages, Rashi observes that the Hebrew word is general and included many sweet fluids. For example, Leviticus 2:11 commands “For you shall not cause ...
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Megilla: 2nd runners overtake first set that left 70 days earlier (Rashi). How?

In Esther 3:12 it records that Homon sent out his runners with the decree on 13th Nissan. Mordechai sent out his runners on 23rd Sivan to mitigate the decree. Rashi in 8:14 tells us that these second ...
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How does Rashi elucidate on this passage?

Moed Katan 16b states that a righteous person can nullify the decree of God. How does Rashi explain this? Rashi says: צור ישראל - מושל באדם אני מי מושל בי צדיק מושל בי ומבטלה I have a vague idea of ...
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Translate Rashi's commentary regarding Rabbi Sheila

Rabbi Sheila says: And the Torah said: If one comes to kill you, kill him first. He struck him with the staff and killed him. Yet, Rabbi Sheila does not provide any verse from the Torah. Could ...
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Pseudo-Rashi on the third scroll in the Temple

Slightly related. Pseudo-Rashi on Divrei Hayamim 1:8:29 writes: "...This is what is explained at the end of Megillath Yerushalmi. Ezra found scrolls: the scroll of מְעוֹנִים (Me'onim), the ...
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Can someone translate this excerpt?

Could someone translate the following from Rashi's commentary on the Talmud: במחשכים הושיבני - שאין נוחין זה עם זה ותלמודם ספק בידם I'm interested in what Rashi has to say regarding Rabbi Yirmeya's ...
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Why did Rashi deduce Keruvim faces look like human infants (כְּר֨וּב = כְּיֶּ֔לֶד)?

Rashi on Shemot 25:18 כרבים CHERUBIM — They had the form of a child’s face (Sukkah 5b) כרבים. דְּמוּת פַּרְצוּף תִּינוֹק לָהֶם While no description of the Keruvim faces is given : Shemot 25:18 "...
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Why does Judaism believe in דולפנין Mermaids? [duplicate]

Why does Judaism believe in דולפנין Mermaids? Rashi on Bekhorot 8a:1:1 The Dulfanin reproduce with people - if a person lies with one of them, they can produce offspring. ( ה"ג הדולפנין פרים ורבים ...
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Understanding a Gemara in Pesachim

In the Gemara, Mascheta Pesachim it brings a case on daf 9b which I am rather puzzled, baffled with regards to what the case is. The Rashi which is at the top of Daf 9b I also find puzzling. Who is ...
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61 views

Break down this Rashi for me

I'd like to understand pshat in this Rashi. This is Sota, 2b. Rashi reads as follows: והא מדכתיב ״והיא לא נתפשה״ מכלל דפשיטא לך דנטמאה והיכי קאמר והיא לא נתפשה אועד אין בה נהי דרישה דקרא איכא למימר ע״...
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Rashi quoting Targum more in Mikeitz

Although Rashi ordinarily quotes old French every now and then throughout his commentary on the Torah, it seems like the beginning of Mikeitz is particularly filled with those translations. For ...
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Three times Moshe begged to enter אֶרֶץ יִשְׂרָאֵל‎

According to Rashi to Devarim 3:24 (here): לאמר TO SAY (i.e. that God should say) — This is one of the three occasions where Moses spoke before the Omnipresent: I will not let You go until You tell ...
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Why is there no דגש in the כ״ף of הכזונה in פרשת וישלח לד:לא?

I know that the rule of ה״א התימה is that it usually takes a הֲ unless it precedes a שוא, such as here in הַכְזוֹנָה, where it then just takes a הַ and the following letter doesn't have a דגש in order ...
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1answer
218 views

Source for a Rashi gem story

There's a well-known and widely repeated story that Rashi's father Reb Yitzchak deliberately threw a jewel into the sea, intending to make this appear accidental. What's the origin of this story?
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Why was Rivka asked for consent after closing the deal?

Then Laban and Bethuel answered, “...Here is Rebekah before you; take her and go, and let her be a wife to your master’s son...” ... The servant brought out objects of silver and gold, and garments, ...
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One to announce to Sarah

Rashi in parshas Va'eira states: והנה שלשה אנשים. אחד לבשר את שרה This is translated as one to announce to Sarah the birth of a son, see Sefaria there, for instance. Artscroll translates similarly ...
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Ya'akov claiming to be Esav - the Anochi versus Ani

As Yakov presents the food that he has prepared for Yitzchok in order to receive the blessings, he says: אָנֹכִי עֵשָׂו בְּכֹרֶךָ - Genesis 27:19. Rashi comments that what Yakov was really saying was: ...
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Rashi about one angel performing one errand

Rashi on Breishis 18:2 says and behold, three men: One to bring the news [of Isaac’s birth] to Sarah, and one to overturn Sodom, and one to heal Abraham, for one angel does not perform two errands (...
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Misprint in Rashi Nozir 45a?

In the texts that I have seen, Rashi commenting on the Gemoro in Nozir 45a says in part: והכי משמע אימתי ובא לפני ה' דהיינו במחנה לוייה בזמן שהוא ראוי לבא אל אהל מועד דהביא כפרתו הא אם לא הביא כפרתו ...
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287 views

Was Gad Strong or weak?

In Vezos Habracha where Rashi says on Perek 33:18 that the last 5 tribes he doubled over, Moshe did this because these tribes were weak so he wanted to strengthen them. However Rashi later on, on ...
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45 views

How to understand וּמִמֶּ֖גֶד גֶּ֥רֶשׁ יְרָחִֽים - "the bounteous crop of the moons" and Rashi on Devorim 33 (14)

Devorim 33 (14) says וּמִמֶּ֖גֶד תְּבוּאֹ֣ת שָׁ֑מֶשׁ וּמִמֶּ֖גֶד גֶּ֥רֶשׁ יְרָחִֽים׃ With the bounteous yield of the sun, And the bounteous crop of the moons; Rashi says גרש ירחים [AND BY] THE ...
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Why does Rashi leave out an example?

In Devarim 32:48 the pasuk says: וַיְדַבֵּ֤ר יְהוָה֙ אֶל־מֹשֶׁ֔ה בְּעֶ֛צֶם הַיּ֥וֹם הַזֶּ֖ה לֵאמֹֽר That very day the LORD spoke to Moses Rashi on Devarim 32:48 writes: וידבר ה' אל משה בעצם היום ...
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502 views

What is the א"ת ב"ש ג"ר calendar mnemonic?

The Gemara Arakhin 9b discusses certain rules of the calendar. Specifically, it mentions that Rosh Hashana will always be on the same day of the week as the day of the Omer (the 2nd day of Pesach), or ...
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112 views

Did the Rashbam write a commentary on the rest of Shas?

Rashi's commentary on the Gemara is incomplete on some tractates. The commentary of his grandson, the Rashbam, is printed in its place in Bava Batra and Pesachim. Did the Rashbam only write a ...
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196 views

How could anyone think Rashi's daughters wore Tefillin?

There is a widely-held theory that Rashi's daughters wore Tefillin. Rashi here seems to say there is a Bal Tosif (prohibition to add on a commandment) if a women does a Mitzvat Aseh Shehazman Grama (...
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77 views

Tzlofachad's reason of death?

In this weeks parasha, Pinchas, Tzlofachad's daughters go to Moshe and say about their father dying was not due to other people, rather due to himself. The gemara in Shabbos 96b notes that Rabbi Akiva ...
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1answer
77 views

What happened to the male Leviathan?

According to tradition (see Rashi to bereishis 1:21), Hashem created a male and female Leviathan, but then He killed the female and salted it for the righteous. What happened to the male? Did it die ...
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47 views

A Jewish slave in an Egyptian house?

Rashi brings down the Mechilta and comments that an Egyptian in a Jewish house the night of the 15 of Nisan was killed by the Makkah and a Jew in an Egyptian house at the same time was spared, because ...

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