Questions tagged [sanhedrin]

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7
votes
1answer
632 views

Why does a small sanhedrin have 23 judges rather than 21?

Sanhedrin 1:6 explains the size of the small sanhedrin, but I'm having trouble following the reasoning. It says (my notes in brackets): From where do we learn that the little Sanhedrin should be ...
5
votes
1answer
74 views

Can a Judge Issue a Ruling After his Death?

In a recent decision (No. 18-272, Yovino v. Rizo, decided February 25, 2019 Per Curiam, properly cited as 586 U. S. ___ (2019)), the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) dealt with the matter of a ...
-2
votes
1answer
53 views

Why representatives were sent to spy and not the elders?

What was the logic of sending tribes' representatives and not simply [from the] the elders, isn't it what the elders were elected for - to decide for the masses? In other words, even if some of them ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Was the bat kol right?

In Bava Metzia 59b, the rabbis are discussing a matter of halacha, and at some point a Voice from Heaven (bat kol) interjects an opinion. The rabbis reply that the Torah is out of God's hands (they ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Where did the 70 elders (High Sanhedrin) sit in the wilderness?

All the depictions of the tribal camps around the Mishkan in the desert show that the tribe of Levi was surrounding it and Israel were not allowed in there. I don't recall a reference to a specific ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Did Sanhedrin sit by the Mishkan before the Temple was built?

For about 500 years of the Mishkan, was there an obligation of placing the High Sanhedrin next to it or as the Posuk says "בַּמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר יִבְחַר ה' א' שְׁמוֹ שָׁם" - explicitly the Temple Mount ...
3
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0answers
42 views

Why Poskim don't work and write in groups?

At any given moment there are several leading (and hundreds of secondary) Rabbis and Poskim. Each one running his own Yeshivah, writing his books and issuing his own Psakim. I understood that the ...
6
votes
1answer
97 views

How can the Sanhedrin ever err?

On the one hand we know that if a Sanhedrin issued an erroneous decision (which was acted upon) they must bring a sacrifice (Vayikra 4:13). On the other, we have the concept of "lo bashamayim hi" (...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

Is there a limit to the number of consecutive leap years?

The Rambam in Hilchot Kiddush Hachodesh 4:5 (Thanks @DonielF) states that Sanhedrin was allowed to declare a leap year not just based on "seasonal alignment' (I.e. 16 Nissan should be after the spring ...
0
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0answers
41 views

Where was the Sanhedrin in the Purim story?

I'm trying to understand the "chain of command" in the story of Megillat Ester, and I see Ester as a prophetess, Mordechai as a prophet and a sage but what's missing is the 70 elders - the Sanhedrin. ...