Questions tagged [mishna]

Shisha Sidre Mishna - Shas

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6
votes
0answers
45 views

What resources can help me understand agriculture for Zeraim?

I am studying Mishnayot from Seder Zeraim and I am often having difficulties because I have no idea how agriculture worked in the days of the Second Temple (or even today). Are there any good ...
4
votes
1answer
48 views

Learning one mesechta l'ilui Nishmas for two people

It is customary to learn mishnayos in order to elevate the soul of the deceased. Can one learn one tractate of Mishna and have in mind two deceased people l'ilui nishmasom, or can you only have in ...
2
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1answer
29 views

Why is omitting the nighttime Shema called an “aveirah” and not a “bittul aseh?” (Berachos 2a)

The mishnah on Berachos 2a teaches us that according to Chachamim one can say Krias Shema until chatzos ("midnight"). The mishnah proceeds to tell us that anytime Chachamim say a mitzvah can be ...
2
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1answer
240 views

Did Rabbi Akiva accept arguments from ignorance?

There's a common principle found in various academic disciplines, that absence of proof does not equal proof of absence (ie: a lack of evidence for something doesn't mean that it does not exist). I am ...
0
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2answers
235 views

How many Mitzvos does the Mishnah cover?

How many (out of the 613 Deoraytah) Mitzvos are explicitly discussed in the 6 Sdarim of the Mishah (not including those that are only mentioned tangentially, like Kibud Av at the beginning of Peah)?
0
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1answer
51 views

Did Beruriah add to, “Women are light-headed,” to say, “…except Beruriah”?

I'm seeing a couple of secondary sources which suggest, without citing a primary source, that Beruriah may have supplemented her husband's teaching "Women are light-headed", either orally or in ...
1
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0answers
21 views

Whoever saves one soul is like saving the whole world - Mishna edition [duplicate]

There is a famous quote from the Talmud: "Whoever saves one soul is like saving the whole world". The origin of this quote in the Babylonian Talmud is a Mishna (Sanhedrin 4:5), but the translation is ...
3
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1answer
47 views

What time of day was the afternoon korban mincha offered in the beit hamikdash, according to hazal?

At what halachic hour did chazal think the korban mincha was actually offered, assuming ideal circumstances? I.e. when they say "from the time of the mincha and onwards" (e.g. Rosh Hashana 4:4) what ...
6
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1answer
221 views

Why does the Mishnah use the terms poor person and homeowner when discussing carrying on Shabbat?

This first Mishna in Shabbat (2a) describes the transfer of an item from a private domain to a public domain. The Mishna describes the individuals involved in this transfer as העני עומד בחוץ ובעל ...
5
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1answer
250 views

Why record retracted opinions in the mishnah?

The mishna Keilim 9:2 records a disagreement between Beit Hillel and Beit Shammai, and then records that Beit Hillel retracted their opinion and agreed with Beit Shammai. ‮חבית שהיא מלאה משקין ...
4
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1answer
162 views

Writing/drawing in the sand on Shabbos

The Mishnah (Shabbos 12:5) rules that writing in the sand is permitted: כָּתַב בְּמַשְׁקִין, בְּמֵי פֵרוֹת, בַּאֲבַק דְּרָכִים, בַּאֲבַק הַסּוֹפְרִים, וּבְכָל דָּבָר שֶׁאֵינוֹ מִתְקַיֵּם, פָּטוּר ...
3
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1answer
55 views

What did the Nazir's death add to the story?

Nazir 1:7 states: הֲרֵינִי נָזִיר כְּמִנְיַן יְמוֹת הַחַמָּה, מוֹנֶה נְזִירוּת כְּמִנְיַן יְמוֹת הַחַמָּה. אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוּדָה, מַעֲשֶׂה הָיָה, כֵּיוָן שֶׁהִשְׁלִים מֵת: [If one says], “...
7
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1answer
77 views

Does the Mishnah have Taamei Mikrah?

In this book (end of #20, in bold), R' Shmaryahu Horowitz quotes the book "Maase Efod" by R' Yitzhak ben Moshe Halevy (1350-1415), that lists the proper ways of Torah learning and mentions that there ...
5
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1answer
66 views

Why does the Vilna Gaon use the Yerushalmi version of Beitzo 1:10?

The Vilna Gaon famously held that there is no proof from Chazal that the obligation of tefillin applies on Chol HaMo'eid. In Bi'ur HaGro on Shulchan Oruch Orach Chayyim 31:2:2, he refutes the most ...
4
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1answer
464 views

Why teaching kids Torah is the only forbidden profession for singles Yihud-wise?

The Mishnah in Kiddushin (4,12-14) outlines the laws of Yihud. While the Toseftah provided in #14 warns in general about teaching "his son a woman’s trade", the only profession that is explicitly ...
1
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1answer
23 views

Source for translating סופר as scribe in Kiddushin

The Sefaria's translation of the Mishnah in Kiddushin 4, 13 says: לֹא יִלְמַד אָדָם רַוָּק סוֹפְרִים, וְלֹא תִלְמַד אִשָּׁה סוֹפְרִים. An unmarried man must not learn to be a scribe, nor may a ...
5
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0answers
47 views

Why do mishnayot teach historical halachot?

Why are there mishnayot which discuss halachot of situations that occured in history and can never occur again? As an example of this phenomenon, consider Nega'im 7:1: אֵלּוּ בֶהָרוֹת טְהוֹרוֹת. ...
5
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1answer
202 views

How to determine who offered the second Korban Tamid of the day?

The mishnah in Tamid 3:1 and Yoma 2:3 says there was a daily lottery for who would bring the (morning) Korban Tamid. There was another Korban Tamid every day. How was the person for the second Tamid ...
1
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7answers
174 views

Study Mishna or Mishna-and-Gemara?

There are books and courses on studying the Mishna. Just the Mishna. Why would anyone want to study the Mishna by itself, without studying the Gemara at the same time? Practically speaking, when ...
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1answer
90 views

How can one say “my son is Mamzer”?

הָאוֹמֵר, בְּנִי זֶה מַמְזֵר ... רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר (להלכה), נֶאֱמָנן: If a man declares, “this son of mine is a mamzer” ... Rabbi Judah says: he is believed. (Mishnah Kiddushin 4,8 adopted) ...
0
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1answer
51 views

Why is pekida used instead of bedika?

Mishnah Nida 1.1: שַׁמַּאי אוֹמֵר, כָּל הַנָּשִׁים דַּיָּן שְׁעָתָן. הִלֵּל אוֹמֵר, מִפְּקִידָה לִפְקִידָה, וַאֲפִלּוּ לְיָמִים הַרְבֵּה. וַחֲכָמִים אוֹמְרִים, לֹא כְדִבְרֵי זֶה וְלֹא כְדִבְרֵי זֶה,...
1
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2answers
42 views

What does R. Meir hold about the case in Nega'im 6:2?

Nega'im 6:3: בַּהֶרֶת כַּגְּרִיס וּבָהּ מִחְיָה פְחוּתָה מִכָּעֲדָשָׁה ... רָבְתָה הַמִּחְיָה, טְמֵאָה. נִתְמַעֲטָה, רַבִּי מֵאִיר מְטַמֵּא, וַחֲכָמִים מְטַהֲרִים, שֶׁאֵין הַנֶּגַע פּוֹשֶׂה ...
3
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2answers
105 views

Why are doubtful nega'im (generally) pure? (Nega'im 5:1)

Nega'im 5:1 teaches that all cases of doubtful nega'im are to be ruled pure, with two exceptions: A case where it is unclear whether white hairs in a nega' appeared before or after the nega' itself. ...
2
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1answer
60 views

Irrelevant case in Chagiga 1:7?

The Mishna in Chagiga 1:7 continues from the previous mishna (1:6) in talking about different explanations for the passuk ״מעות לא יוכל לתקון וחסרון לא יוכל להימנות״- “a crookedness that cannot be ...
0
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1answer
43 views

Do we force someone along the דרך מוציאתו מידי עבירה, according to R. Akiva?

Mishnayos Y'vamos chapter 15: האשה שהלכה היא ובעלה למדינת הים ובאה ואמרה מת בעלי, תינשא ותיטול כתובתה וצרתה אסורה. היתה בת ישראל לכהן, תאכל בתרומה, דברי רבי טרפון. רבי עקיבא אומר, אין זו דרך ...
3
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0answers
30 views

Circular reasoning in deriving the time that kohanim can eat terumah and the time that the evening Shema can be recited

The very first Mishnah (Berachot 1:1) states that the earliest time for the recitation of the evening Shema is the time that kohanim can eat terumah: מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה שהכהנים נכנסים ...
0
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0answers
17 views

If Beis Din knew the time of the molad, why have witnesses testify? [duplicate]

In the second parek of Rosh Hashana, the mishna explains how the court would interrogate witnesses who claimed to see the new moon. Only if their testimony agreed with the court's prediction of the ...
3
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1answer
46 views

Why is the case of the near-simultaneous deaths in Y'vamos chapter 7?

The seventh chapter of Mishayos Y'vamos discusses under what circumstances someone related to a kohen can eat t'ruma, depending on their relation and on what other relatives are alive. But in the ...
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2answers
70 views

Why is a statement by רבי included in a beraisa and not in a mishnah?

On Shabbos 147b the phrase is found: דתניא אמר רבי כשהיינו למדין תורה אצל רבי שמעון בתקוע I understand that the word “רבי" refers to Rebbi Judah ha-Nasi, the compiler of the mishnah, and that the ...
10
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5answers
529 views

What should I use for Mishna study?

I'm new to Mishna study, and I want to participate in a communal effort to study Mishna. I picked out a section to study, and now I need to find a convenient resource to learn from. I don't ...
0
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0answers
50 views

Why Mishnah doesn't mention Halochos of Mishloach Manot, Matanot laEvionim and the Seudah?

Following my previous question on the origin of Purim Halochos, I wondered why the Mishnah doesn't mention Halochos of Mishloach Manot, Matanot laEvionim, and the Seudah and only mentions a lot of ...
1
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0answers
25 views

Name of avoda zara in the mishna?

Avoda Zara 3, 4: שאל פרוקלוס... שהיה רוחץ במרחץ של אפרודיטי Proclus asked... because he was washing in the bathroom of aphroditi ... Given it is forbidden to say name of avoda zara (Sanhedrin ...
2
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1answer
51 views

Mishnayot not in Bavli

Does anyone know of a list of all Mishnayot to which there is no Gemara in Talmud Bavli? I.e., those Mishnayot that are not quoted at the head of a section of their own Gemara. Apologies if this ...
0
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0answers
24 views

5 or 6 - Written vs Oral Torah (Z"A vs Malchus)

This question is intended only for those familiar with some basic Kabbalistic concepts. As we know (from יהו"ה), that ו (Vav, number 6) stands for Z"A (masculine) and ה (He, number 5) stands for ...
9
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5answers
761 views

Reading Mishnayos without understanding

Is it considered Talmud Torah if one just reads mishnayos without understanding what he's saying?
7
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1answer
111 views

Generally speaking, how should one interpret Mishnayos that go off-tangent?

To pose a few examples of the types of Mishnayos I'm speaking about: Pesachim 4:1-5 discusses various activities which depend on the local custom, most of which have nothing to do with Pesach Gittin ...
2
votes
2answers
90 views

What does it mean “…idleness leads to Shiamum”?

Mishnah Ketubot 5:5: רַבָּן שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן גַּמְלִיאֵל אוֹמֵר, אַף הַמַּדִּיר אֶת אִשְׁתּוֹ מִלַּעֲשׂוֹת מְלָאכָה, יוֹצִיא וְיִתֵּן כְּתֻבָּתָהּ, שֶׁהַבַּטָּלָה מְבִיאָה לִידֵי שִׁעֲמוּם: ......
0
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2answers
101 views

Acquiring Torah without Subvocalization

The Mishnah in Avos (6.6) tells of difference ways to acquire Torah. Here is Rashi’s commentary on one of the items, translated by Sefaria.org. בַּעֲרִיכַת שְׂפָתַיִם. שֶׁאֵינוֹ מְגַמְגֵּם ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

Connection between the eulogy of Shaul by Dovid and Nedarim

Two Mishnayos in Nedarim, 3:11 and 9:10, contain quotes from the eulogy of Shaul by Dovid . Both quotes are tangents, they don't directly relate to each other in context, and neither is really ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Does calling someone by a nickname remove one's share in the world to come?

The Mishnah states that someone who calls one by a nickname others have given him has no share in the world to come. What exactly does this mean? How is this defined? Can you not call your friend by a ...
2
votes
1answer
51 views

What Hebrew language Mishna do you recommend?

I like Koren Publishing, and I noticed they have Bartenura and Kav V'Naki edition. I want to practice my Hebrew. I like a clean visual design, but also portability. What should I purchase? Any ...
1
vote
3answers
125 views

Why is it called Seder Nashim?

Why is Seder Nashim called Seder Nashim? The mitzvos discussed do apply to women (except for some tangents like the 7th chapter of Sotah), but so do: The overwhelming majority of Zeraim (everything ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Why 1/6th - שתות in the Mishna is in Aramaic?

It appears suspicious to me, that an Aramaic word Shtut is used everywhere in the Hebrew text of the Mishnah, like in: "שׁוּם הַדַּיָּנִין שֶׁפִּחֲתוּ שְׁתוּת אוֹ הוֹסִיפוּ שְׁתוּת..." (Ksubos 11) ...
6
votes
0answers
61 views

What kind of flute was used in the temple, according to the mishna?

In Mishna there are several mentions of the use of flute, there were used at the time of the Bet Mikdash, see below a few examples. I am interested to know if we have some knowledge about the type of ...
4
votes
0answers
64 views

The Tzidokim and Halacha

During Beis Sheini, as far as i understand the tzidokim were the majority of Cohanim at the time. And as far as i understand they sat on the Sanhedrin. When we see a machlokes in the Mishnah and we ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Online mishna with vowels (according to Livorno/Sephardic nusach)

I would appreciate if anybody could help me in finding an online mishna vowelised in accordance with the sephardic tradition (i.e. following the Livorno prints opposed to the Vilna ones). Thanks in ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Daily Mishnah Study - Reference Request

Putting into action another of the suggestions I received (@SAH) for "One Jewish Practice," I would like to begin daily studying. Specifically, I would like to participate in a Daily Mishnah study. ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Which plants are not subject to peah, leket, and shichecha?

I'm learning mesecet Peah and we're having trouble keeping track of which fruits and crops are not subject to peah, leket, and shichecha. I believe that all fields are subject to peah, but that there ...
-1
votes
1answer
67 views

What is “Beyt Shamai/Beyt Hilel” for citing Mishnayot?

This question is intended to clarify D.S'.question - how-can-bet-shamai-argue-on-shamai: What exactly is called "Beyt Shammay/Hillel"? We don't find this term with other great Rabbis, such as R' ...
11
votes
2answers
610 views

How can Bet Shamai argue on Shamai?

How do we explain that Bet Shammai is documented as arguing on their teacher Shammai? I didn't notice any of the classic Meforshim discussing this peculiarity. There are at least 4 documented cases ...