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Questions tagged [mishna]

The mishna which is part of the oral law, was written by the Tannaim in a short-form containing 6 volumes with 64 subvolumes.

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Do you force a people to build a wall with Material made in Modern Times?

In the first Mishna of Bava Basra, it says Makom she Nahagu Livnot Gvil Gazit Cafisin Levinin ... Bonin Ha Kol Ke Minhag Hamedina. A place where it's customary to build Gvil Gazit Cafisin Levinin we ...
David 's user avatar
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What is Palifit mean in the Rabeinu Gershom DafB Amud A

BH What does it mean Palifit it this Rabeinu Gershom in Daf B amud Alef in Bava Basra?
David 's user avatar
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How could Tannaim argue about things which people would not forget?

I'm new to Mi Yodea, so I apologize if I'm using this incorrectly. Here is my question: The משנה is the collection of Torah Shebe'al Peh, passed down from Matan Torah until today. There are, however, ...
Arei Yehuda's user avatar
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Is there a consensus on what it means for a machlochet (dispute) to "endure"? Or is even this, ironically, a topic of debate? [duplicate]

I only just learned about this wonderful passage from Pirke Avot. And I see that it is, of course, invoked often when discussing the topic of conflicts and arguments. Most seem to agree on the meaning ...
abalter's user avatar
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2 answers
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Exceptional cases of conversion in halacha

Pregnant Egyptian mother who converts to Judaism, what status does the child have at birth?
yehudah's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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משנה תענית ד ג - was דילוג necessary on days 3 and on?

The משנה תענית ד ג says וְאַנְשֵׁי הַמַּעֲמָד ... בַּיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן, בְּרֵאשִׁית, וִיְהִי רָקִיעַ. בַּשֵּׁנִי, יְהִי רָקִיעַ, וְיִקָּווּ הַמַּיִם. בַּשְּׁלִישִׁי, יִקָּווּ הַמַּיִם, וִיְהִי מְאֹרֹת....
Eliyahu's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why does the Mishnah record minority opinions?

I know it’s a simple question but why did R’ Yehuda feel the need to record dissenting opinions in the Mishnah? I feel the way the Rambam summarized all the rulings of the Talmud, disregarding ...
A s's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
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Source for finishing the entire Mishnayos for Shloshim

Lo aleinu someone has passed away in my life, and I am wondering about the customs that relate to aveilus. I have noticed that people have the custom of splitting the entire Mishnayos to be learned ...
user6781's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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What is the source and the origin of the words "לקוץ תאנים" and "לקרוץ (בצק)"

In the Mishna Shvi'it is written: "כלי המיוחד לקוץ בו תאנים קרוי מוקצה". So the word "לקוץ" is related to figs. However, it is known that the Hebrew word that relates to taking off ...
Avi's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
962 views

Story of a woman hitting a rabbi because husband said

BH I heard there was a story from the Talmud, correct me if I’m wrong, that a man told his wife to hit a rabbi on the head or something and she went hit him and after she hit him he asked: "My ...
David 's user avatar
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Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi’s yahrtzeit

I’ve seen in various calendars that 15 Kislev is the yahrtzeit of Rabbi Yehuda HaNasi. Does anyone have a source for this?
Yø-c Ro's user avatar
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How does it happen that there are fasts on Sundays?

It is mentioned in Masechet Ta'anit 4 3 that people should not fast on Sunday "ולא באחד בשבת כדי שלא יצאו ממנוחה ועונג ליגיעה ותענית וימותו". ("And not on one of the Sabbaths so that ...
Avi's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
132 views

What is HaAshmurah HaRishona in the Mishnah

BH What is HaAshmura HaRishonah? Someone told me it is just a division in the night while someone else told me that it is referring to the Leviim guarding in the temple which ever it is does it speak ...
David 's user avatar
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1 vote
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Ein Mishpat in opposite direction

The Ein Mishpat commentary notes where the topic in Mishna or Gemara is referenced in the Rambam or Tur/Shulchan Aruch (other relevant question here). Is there a work that reverses the order with the ...
Eliyahu's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
57 views

Can one remove the impurity of Tzara’at on a garment by dying it?

The Mishnah in Negaim 11:3 says that colored garments cannot become impure from signs of Tzara’at. The question is: if a plain garment already has signs of Tzara’at on it, if one dyed it afterwards, ...
שלום's user avatar
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How does the principle of L'fum Tzara Agra ("reward is in proportion to the exertion") work for someone who faced few challenges in their life?

The Mishnah states "L'fum Tzara Agra"- the reward is in proportion to the exertion (Avos 5:23): בֶּן הֵא הֵא אוֹמֵר, לְפוּם צַעֲרָא אַגְרָא: Ben He He said: According to the labor is the ...
setszu's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
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How to learn Tosefta

For those that do, could you share how you learn(ed) Tosefta? How do you fit it into your learning program of Mishna/Gemara? Also, what edition of the Tosefta do you use? The ones published at the end ...
John Lamos's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
81 views

Why does Bartenura quote Rabbi Meir as holding "we learn yes from no", when the gemara says the opposite?

Mishna Shevuot 4:13, towards end of mishna, explains that if someone says "May God not strike you if you testify on my behalf", Rabbi Meir deems him liable for cursing someone, because, ...
Rabbi Kaii's user avatar
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Poreach and michyah in Negaim

I've been trying to learn the middle perakim in Negaim (say, 6 through 8), and I'm having trouble with what seems like a simple question on many of the mishnayos: A מחיה is usually translated as, ...
MichoelR's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
241 views

when were the mishnah, talmud, and tosefta written?

a simple question: when were the mishnah, tosefta, and talmud written and how do we know? regarding mishnah and tosefta: most sources say that the mishnah was compiled by the end of 2nd century CE (by ...
user99658's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
57 views

Why are there scant mentions of Moshiach in the Mishnah?

The corpus of the Mishnah includes only 2 references to Moshiach (Brachot 1:5, Sotah 9:15) and both of which seem to be in passing. I'm curious to know if any commentaries explain why mentions or ...
rikitikitembo's user avatar
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0 answers
37 views

Blessing Over Gentile Candle

Some questions arose when reading [Mishnah Brachot 8:6]1 One may neither recite a blessing over the candle nor over the spices of gentiles, nor over the candle nor the spices designated to pay ...
Jewish Context's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
80 views

Mishnayot at house of a mourner

There is a tradition to learn mishnayot at a mourner's house, where the mishnayot chosen start with the letters from the deceased person's name. (Lists of mishnayot corresponding to each letter can be ...
user432944's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
68 views

Different versions of Mishnah Bikkurim?

I noticed that on Sefaria that there are two Hebrew versions of the Mishnah: the Rashash and the Gemara version. For Mishnah Bikkurim, the two versions seem substantially different. For instance, ...
user99658's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
194 views

Copy of Rambam's Mishna commentary in Arabic online

Does anyone know where I can find Rambam's full commentary on the Mishna in the Arabic original or if it's Judeo Arabic online whether it's digital or manuscript form as long as it's not missing any ...
David 's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
86 views

Why does רע"ב on עירובין א י not simply say the הלכה is like רבי יהודה?

When discussing if you can make partitions using only קנים (vertical sticks), the משנה and גמרא record 4 opinions. My understanding of the 4 opinions is here: The ריטב"א comment is based on this ...
Eliyahu's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
54 views

Why does one accused of manslaughter need to leave the city of refuge in order to be judged?

The Mishnah in Makkos 2:6 says that a person accused of manslaughter who escaped to a city of refuge needs to leave in order to be judged. The question is: why must he leave, thereby risking his life -...
שלום's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
178 views

Are you allowed to recite a verse from Tanach by heart while reviewing Mishnayos?

According to those who hold that it is forbidden to recite a verse from Tanach by heart even for yourself, would it be permitted if he is quoting it from a Mishnah while reviewing it by heart?
שלום's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
97 views

"Eliyahu will return the hearts of fathers to the sons, etc." -- seeking elaboration on this verse

Regarding the passukim at the end of Malachi: "Hinei anochi sholeich lachem es Eliyah hanavi ... v'heishiv lev avos al banim, v'lev banim al avosam." "Behold I shall send to you Eliyah ...
Elyah's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
75 views

(Early) Acharonim on Taharot?

There is no Gemara on most of Seder Taharot apart from Maseches Niddah. There are commentaries on the Mishnayos there from Rambam and the Rash as well as the Rosh, Maharam of Rottenburg and Hai Gaon. ...
Meir Luria's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
185 views

Who wrote a collection of gemara arranged to mishnayos taharos?

R' Aryeh Leib, the son of the Chafetz Chaim, wrote memoirs about his father. There, on page 59, he mentions a controversy regarding 'a Gadol amongst the Chassidim' who compiled a collection of all the ...
user6591's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
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Why does רבי עקיבא say "50 אמה", and not "50 אמות?"

In the first Mishna on Mesechta Bava Kama Daf סא עמוד ב (https://www.sefaria.org/Bava_Kamma.61b?lang=he), there is a מחלוקת about how far does a fire have to pass in order to be פטור. When רבי עקיבא ...
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
43 views

Source for Story about Rabbi Yehudah HaNasi Collecting Teachings from All the Tanaim

Someone recently mentioned to me a story that in the days of the Tannaim most people learned from a single teacher and learned a single derekh or set of halakhot. Rabbi Yehudah HaNasi was unusual in ...
Avraham's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
289 views

'Hole in sheet' myth VS Nedarim 20a,b and Gur accounts

First, sorry to rehash this old canard. Second, I'm aware this topic has been addressed here: Origin of myth about the hole in the sheet? However, that addresses R' Yose ben Chalafta's behaviour, and ...
ANH's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
192 views

Retroactive Kiddush Hachodesh according to Rambam

ראש השנה משנה ב ח- וְעוֹד בָּאוּ שְׁנַיִם וְאָמְרוּ, רְאִינוּהוּ בִזְמַנּוֹ, וּבְלֵיל עִבּוּרוֹ לֹא נִרְאָה, וְקִבְּלָן רַבָּן גַּמְלִיאֵל. אָמַר רַבִּי דוֹסָא בֶּן הַרְכִּינָס, עֵדֵי שֶׁקֶר הֵן, ...
Eliyahu's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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Pirush HaMishnayos Sanhedrin 4:2 explanation? [duplicate]

According to the Rambam, it is forbidden to argue with the greatest Dayan once he states his opinion. Therefore, in Dinei Nifashos, we only hear his opinion last so that others can state their own ...
Menachem Drelich's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
182 views

Chazal using calculus

We see various math issues that show up in Chazal, but I don't usually see calculus. Thus, I was surprised to see the same topic in two places in Maseches Mikvaos, and in both I think you need ...
MichoelR's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
64 views

The reward for the creation of spiritual benefits (Pirkei Avot)

I am reading the wonderful collection of sichos of the Rebbe זי"ע called Torah Studies edited by Rav Jonathan Sacks ז״ל. In the lecture on the parashah of Chayei Sara, the Rebbe says "the ...
Maurizio Barbato's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
77 views

Why does Maseches Shabbos focus so much on Hotza'ah/Carrying?

There are 39 Melachos on Shabbos, yet by far the most discussed in the Masechta is Hotza'ah/Carrying. Is there a reason why so much focus is placed on this one Melacha vs. all the others?
user907a's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
147 views

Was Antigonus of Socho a student of Shimon HaTzadik?

Have any commentaries on Pirkei Avot 1:2-3 questioned whether Antigonus of Socho was a student of Shimon HaTzadik or cast doubt on whether the two were contemporaries? Premise of the question: In The ...
GGG's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
68 views

What is the Mishnah in Yadiyim talking about when it says writing in "Ashrit" defiles hands ? "catuv Evri" (The ancient script) does not defile?

Does anyone understand this Mishnah? The Mishnah in Yadiyim 4:5 says writing in "Ashrit" defiles hands but writing in the "catuv Evri" (ancient Hebrew) does not defile , why and ...
Nolan Blavin's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
94 views

What is the SOURCE of the rules/protocols [for dealing with machlokes] within the Oral Law?

As far as I am aware, there are 3 major categories of Torah She’baal peh; a) Known via direct Mesorah. b) Known via interpretation (following the RULES of interpretation [eg hermeneutic laws and s’...
Tzvi K's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
46 views

End of Redaction of the Mishnah and the Gemara

The Talmud has three layers, the Mishnah, the Gemara and the comments (mainly Rashi for Bavli and others for Yerushalmi, who are well known). What is the estimate timeline for the end of redaction of ...
Jeschu's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
75 views

Why is channukah not mentioned in Medrash chazal?

In Medrash chazal, (including medrash raba, tanchuma, toras kohanim etc…) there is no mention of the Yom Tov of channukah. This took place 100-200 years before Medrash was written. Although it is ...
fulltimekollelguy's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
93 views

Why are all seders in the plural except for Moed? [duplicate]

Pretty straight forward question, but why are the Seders of the Mishnah in plural (zeraim, nashim, nezikin, kedoshim, tehorot) but Seder moed is not moadim?
Curious Yid's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
57 views

On the relative densities of liquids

The Mishna, Shabas chapter 19, describes beating wine with oil (to make a healing ointment for a circumcision) as something that can be done a day in advance and therefore may not be done on Shabas. ...
msh210's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
87 views

Is the Mishna making the dresha from מְאֹד or , מוֹדֵד, מִדָּה?

דָּבָר אַחֵר בְּכָל מְאֹדֶךָ, בְּכָל מִדָּה וּמִדָּה שֶׁהוּא מוֹדֵד לְךָ הֱוֵי מוֹדֶה לוֹ בִּמְאֹד מְאֹד (Berachos 9:5) This is one of the Mishnah's explanations of the phrase in the Pasuk we say ...
TheKugelMan's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
70 views

Why were the commentary literature like Talmud Mishnah not written down until 8-10th century?

What is the reason behind the Mishnah, talmud not written until about 8-10th century AD? This delay in the writing leads to ambiguity and speculations about the actual origin of the interpretations. ...
Michael16's user avatar
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1 vote
2 answers
131 views

Were B"H and B"S opinions Halachically exhaustive?

The schism between B"H and B"S is very famous in early Jewish Halachic polemics. In their times, were their opinions Halachically exhaustive, or did other (unaffiliated) rabbis practice ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
99 views

How much of the Mishnah is from Sinai?

I have been reading the Schottenstein edition of The Mishnah Elucidated and noticed that a lot of the Mishnayos turn out to be d'Rabbanan. How much of the Mishnah is halachah l'moshe miSinai and how ...
Yaakov Roth's user avatar

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