Questions tagged [mishna]

The mishna which is part of the oral law, was written by the Tannaim in a short-form containing 6 volumes with 64 subvolumes.

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172 views

Does Talmudic-Era Hebrew or Aramaic Distinguish Between Teaching and Learning?

In English, teaching and learning are two distinct verbs, but this is not the case with (many) other languages, where the same word is used to express both concepts. Whilst pondering upon the ...
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248 views

Is there more than one text of the Mishnah?

I understand there is one Mishnah and two Talmuds (Bavli and Yerushalmi). But is the text of the Mishnah associated with each Talmud exactly the same? Rabbi Gil Student states that the famous quote ...
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R Eliyahu Guttmacher on the Mishnah

Does anyone know where I can read R Eliyahu Guttmacher's chiddushim on the Mishnah (specifically, Keilim)? Apparently published in the Romm Talmud edition, but I've not managed to identify this online....
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Can it be that some midrashic literature got lost over time?

Is it possible that some of the material of the old Jewish midrashim (on the different books of the Hebrew Bible) that was written and was available during the Pre-Talmudic era is no longer available?
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How can tumah pass through a cupboard?

Ohalot 4:1 says that where there is a source of tumah beneath a cupboard, everything in the house is tamei. ArtScroll adds that the things in the cupboard remain tahor: “the tumah penetrates into the ...
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312 views

Aramaic in a baraisa

I always understood a major difference between a mishna/baraisa and the text of the gemarra is the former is in Rabbinic Hebrew and the latter is in Aramaic. The other day I chanced upon a gemarra in ...
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If Torah's exactness is crucial, why doesn't the Mishnah contain Halachot of writting a Kosher Torah scroll?

In my research of Torah inerrancy, and following my other question "why-there's-no-deoraytah-prohibition-of-altering-torah-scroll", I notice that the Mishnah does not mention any Halachot of ...
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Why the opening of Avot does not introduce the whole Mishnah?

“Moses received the Torah at Sinai and transmitted it to Joshua, Joshua to the elders, and the elders to the prophets, and the prophets to the Men of the Great Assembly. They said three things: Be ...
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Why Hillel and Shammai are called “the Elder”?

Both Hillel and Shammai are referred to by the Mishna as "the Elder". Age: according to WIKI, Hillel lived to 120, but Shammai only to 80. Also, other Tannayim lived longer than 80 (R' ...
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Mishnah Pesachim 9:7 - Why does the registration of an inherited Paschal Lamb not automatically get assigned to a father's son?

Mishnah Pesachim 9:7 - Why does the registration of an inherited Paschal Lamb not automatically get assigned to a father's son? In the Mishnah Pesachim 9:7, we read : "With regard to one who ...
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Any pre 7th century Jewish source, teaches that non-Jewish prophets will never be sent again?

1- were the non-Jewish prophets sent to non-Jewish nations only, and not Jews ? if the answer is Yes Does it mean there is no way a non-Jewish prophet can ever be sent to the Jews? any textual basis ...
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98 views

When was the Mishnah penned?

According to this, the French Iggeret of Rav Sherira Gaon is considered more authentic. Based on this premise, the Mishnah was not written down by Rabbi Judah but continued to be transmitted orally. ...
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The destruction of the Second Temple in the Mishnah?

Is there any explicit mention of the destruction of the Second Temple within the Mishnah specifically? If so, examples of passages? If not, why wouldn't such a momentous occasion be discussed within ...
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Yosef or Yose? Which is the correct name?

Why does Mishnah Chagigah 2 say "Yosef" in the translation, rather than "Yose"? Is this a mistake? For both Yose's, this word, "יוֹסֵי", is used. Why did the translator ...
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Is anyone else mentioned in pairs within the Mishnah?

Apart from the five zugot (listed below), is anyone else mentioned in a pair within the Mishnah? Five zugot: Yossei the son of Yoezer of Tzreidah and Yossei the son of Yochanan of Jerusalem Joshua ...
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Are the names of the zugot disclosed to us in other masechtot?

Am I correct in saying that the identities of the zugot are only revealed to us within masechet Pirkei Avot? Or are the names of the zugot also disclosed to us in other masechtot of the Mishnah? If so,...
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Siyum on Mishnayos by bar mitzva

I am 11 and half years old, and I would like to know how many mishayos a day I have to learn in order to finish the who shisha sidrei mishna by my bar mitzva?
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Kila'ei Hakerem - why 16 amos radius?

Mishna Kila'im 5:5: הַנּוֹטֵעַ יָרָק בַּכֶּרֶם אוֹ מְקַיֵּם, הֲרֵי זֶה מְקַדֵּשׁ אַרְבָּעִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה גְפָנִים. אֵימָתַי, בִּזְמַן שֶׁהָיוּ נְטוּעוֹת עַל אַרְבַּע אַרְבַּע, אוֹ עַל חָמֵשׁ חָמֵשׁ. ...
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Is there a lookup table that links Mishnayos with Gemara page

For example, משנה עירובין פרק ט משנה ד is in תלמוד בבלי on דף צה עמוד א. Is there a comprehensive table that links all the (relevant) משניות to where they are in תלמוד בבלי?
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The chronology of the Mishnah

Was the Mishnah compiled in the order we find it today? If so, this would mean "Zeraim" was written first, and finally "Tohorot"? If the Mishnah wasn't compiled in the order we ...
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Mishna Megila 4:4 - how many pesukim can you read to a meturgeman?

The Mishna in Megila 4:4 say you can only read one Torah verse at a time to the translator, so he doesn't get confused. לֹא יִקְרָא לַמְּתֻרְגְּמָן יוֹתֵר מִפָּסוּק אֶחָד, וּבַנָּבִיא שְׁלֹשָׁה. ...
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Mishnayos that start with a question

Why do some mishnayos start with a question, whereas others just state the halacha straightaway? Examples of a few well-known mishnayos that start with a question: מאימתי קורין וכו, כיצד מברכין וכו, ...
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The Torah Transmission Date Discrepancies?

I'm curious to know the dates of birth and death of the following Torah transmitters, who appear in Pirkei Avot, since I've seen conflicting dates when doing some independent research: Shimon HaTzadik ...
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How can a table be a sheni l'tum'ah?

Mishna Berachos 8:3 says: בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, מְקַנֵּחַ יָדָיו בַּמַּפָּה וּמַנִּיחָהּ עַל הַשֻּׁלְחָן. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, עַל הַכֶּסֶת:‏ Bet Shammai says: he wipes his hand with a towel ...
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Difference between Sefaria and Artscroll in enumerating Pirkei Avos

There seems to be a difference in the splitting of a Perek in Pirkei Avos. On sefaria the perek I am referring to is Perek 3 where the Perek in Sefaria groups certain Mishnayos in that Perek together ...
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55 views

Introduction to Zeraim

I'm interested in learning the fundamentals of zeraim, and am looking for a good way to familiarize myself with the concepts. I've seen the Rambam's hakdama to the seder, but it's a little longer than ...
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Contradiction between Mishnah and Tosefta?

Mishnah Keilim 11:4 says: קלוסטרא, טמאה ... רבי יהושע אומר, שומטה מפתח זה ותולה בחברו בשבת. רבי טרפון אומר, הרי היא לו ככל הכלים, ומטלטלת בחצר A door bolt is susceptible to impurity ... Rabbi Joshua ...
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What is the reason for non-linear structure in many mishnayot?

What is the reason that many mishnayot are structured in non-linear fashion, where the first case discusses Topic #1, the middle case discusses Topic #2, and the last case returns to Topic #1? One ...
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274 views

Does this prove that the children of converts are not Israelites?

I was under the impression that even though a woman who had a real (halachic) conversion was not an Israelite, her children would be full fledged Israelites in every respect, indistinguishable in ...
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Why is a difference between קדשי מזבח and קדשי בדק הבית listed among their similarities?

The Mishna, at the start of chapter 7 of T'mura, in my own, loose translation: Things that are sanctified [i.e., pledged, donated] for the altar have [rules] that do not apply to things that are ...
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What does this reference to Pirkei Avos mean in this letter of the Chazon Ish?

The Chazon Ish has a letter discussing shana rishona that is quoted in וידעת כי שלום אהלך by R Chayim Friedlander. In it,‎ the Chazon Ish encourages a husband in shana rishona to speak extensively to ...
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How can a solid pile of planks be considered an ohel?

Ohalot 15:1 says that a pile of garments, where the uppermost garment is at least a tefach off the ground, counts as an ohel. This is presumably because the uppermost garment is considered the 'roof' ...
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Commentary of Rash Sirilio on Zeraim

Does anyone know where I can find the commentary of Rash Sirilio on Seder Zeraim?
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Is the partially generated animal dead?

Chulin, chapter 9, mishna 6, is discussing the ritual impurity imparted by a dead sheretz (animal of any of certain types). Note that the impurity is imparted only by a dead animal. The mishna says (...
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Ma'aseh Oreg on Mishnah Machshirin

Artscroll edition of Machshirin refers to something called Ma'aseh Oreg making a comment on mishnah 5:7. I can't find any work of this name on either Hebrewbooks, Otzar or Bar Ilan. Or indeed Google......
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Ezra's penalty against the levites and an incident in the mishna

According to several discussions in the Mishna, Ezra penalized the Levites who did not make Aliyah by giving the Maaser to the kohanim. But then there's an incident in the mishna (Maaser Sheini 5:9) ...
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bran in the bathhouse for use as a cleanser

In Mishna Pesahim (2:7) MISHNA: A woman may not soak coarse bran to bring by hand to the bathhouse for use as a cleanser; however, she may rub coarse bran on her dry skin. Where can we find ...
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Which ancient cults would cut out the hearts of live animals and offer them as sacrifices?

Which ancient cults would cut out the hearts of live animals and offer them as sacrifices? The Mishnah (Avodah Zarah 2:3) mentions a concept called עורות לבובין which Maimonides and other commentators ...
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Mishnayos Set- Many Commentaries

Does anyone know if there are any Mishnayos sets which have both the Rash Mishantz and the late commentaries? Basically a normal mishnayos set combined with the mishnayos printed in the gemara sets? ...
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Doing something for the sake of Heaven

I have seen the phrase "for the sake of Heaven" / "in Heaven's sake" / לשם שמים multiple times both in the Gemara and in discussions here on Mi Yodeya. Examples here, here and here ...
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Is a definite article in Mishnah significant?

Mishnah Shabbat 141b: נוֹטֵל אָדָם אֶת בְּנוֹ וְהָאֶבֶן בְּיָדוֹ Why is "הָאֶבֶן" translated (in both Koren/Sefaria and Schottenstein) as "a stone" rather than "the stone'? ...
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Origin of mesora for halachos covered in Seder Zeraim

Other than Berachos, there is no gemara in Seder Zer'aim. Where then does our mesora for the halachos discussed in that seder come from? The rishonim do discuss them, but were did they get it from? ...
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Mikdash David, Kuntres Tohorot 3:4

The Artscroll elucidated Mishnah (Oholot 4:1) contains a footnote referring to Mikdash David, Kuntres Tohorot 3:4 (d'h והנה זה). Can anyone help me find a copy of this source?
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Why will we pasken like Beis Shammai when Moshiach comes if the reason why we follow Beis Hillel is related to the fact that they had more members

It is my understanding per this Mishna that the reason why we rule like Beis Hillel in the majority of cases is related to the rule of "following the majority". I know there are other reasons given (i....
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How to start learning seder taharos

Would like to start learning mishnayos tahoros with kehati and bartenura, probably at a rate of 2 mishnayos a day. However I've never learned the seder formally so don't know where to start. I know ...
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173 views

Status of Tosefta

Why was Tosefta ("Supplement") not incorporated into the Mishnah? Is it any less authoritative? Many teachings therein are also in the Mishnah, but not all. Are those that are not included ...
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146 views

Barternura in English Online

We have a few English translations of Barternura at sefaria. Is there any site that offers a full English translation of Barternura's commentary of Mishnayot online?
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Rabbi Eleazar and Rabbi Shimeon in Mishna

In Mishna, it's current to find that "Rabbi Eleazar and Rabbi Shimeon say", e.g. in Rosh Hashana, Yoma, Shkalim, etc. Sometimes it's Eliezer instead of Eleazar, but it's not probably because they were ...
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Can “Talmud” be used when referring only to the Mishnah?

I saw on a series called unorthodox on Netflix that someone referred to something which was mentioned in the Mishnah with "the Talmud says" is this wrong? or at least rare? I am looking for more ...
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Mishnayos per Perek and or masechta [duplicate]

Can someone tell me how many mishnayos are there per Perek and how many perakim per masechata, as well as total mishnayos per Seder and perek per seder?

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