Questions tagged [mishna]

The mishna which is part of the oral law, was written by the Tannaim in a short-form containing 6 volumes with 64 subvolumes.

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74 views

Is a definite article in Mishnah significant?

Mishnah Shabbat 141b: נוֹטֵל אָדָם אֶת בְּנוֹ וְהָאֶבֶן בְּיָדוֹ Why is "הָאֶבֶן" translated (in both Koren/Sefaria and Schottenstein) as "a stone" rather than "the stone'? ...
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55 views

Origin of mesora for halachos covered in Seder Zeraim

Other than Berachos, there is no gemara in Seder Zer'aim. Where then does our mesora for the halachos discussed in that seder come from? The rishonim do discuss them, but were did they get it from? ...
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Mikdash David, Kuntres Tohorot 3:4

The Artscroll elucidated Mishnah (Oholot 4:1) contains a footnote referring to Mikdash David, Kuntres Tohorot 3:4 (d'h והנה זה). Can anyone help me find a copy of this source?
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Why will we pasken like Beis Shammai when Moshiach comes if the reason why we follow Beis Hillel is related to the fact that they had more members

It is my understanding per this Mishna that the reason why we rule like Beis Hillel in the majority of cases is related to the rule of "following the majority". I know there are other reasons given (i....
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1answer
121 views

How to start learning seder taharos

Would like to start learning mishnayos tahoros with kehati and bartenura, probably at a rate of 2 mishnayos a day. However I've never learned the seder formally so don't know where to start. I know ...
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2answers
196 views

Status of Tosefta

Why was Tosefta ("Supplement") not incorporated into the Mishnah? Is it any less authoritative? Many teachings therein are also in the Mishnah, but not all. Are those that are not included ...
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1answer
172 views

Barternura in English Online

We have a few English translations of Barternura at sefaria. Is there any site that offers a full English translation of Barternura's commentary of Mishnayot online?
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Rabbi Eleazar and Rabbi Shimeon in Mishna

In Mishna, it's current to find that "Rabbi Eleazar and Rabbi Shimeon say", e.g. in Rosh Hashana, Yoma, Shkalim, etc. Sometimes it's Eliezer instead of Eleazar, but it's not probably because they were ...
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3answers
123 views

Can "Talmud" be used when referring only to the Mishnah?

I saw on a series called unorthodox on Netflix that someone referred to something which was mentioned in the Mishnah with "the Talmud says" is this wrong? or at least rare? I am looking for more ...
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Mishnayos per Perek and or masechta [duplicate]

Can someone tell me how many mishnayos are there per Perek and how many perakim per masechata, as well as total mishnayos per Seder and perek per seder?
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Is there an online list of Perakim of Mishnayos arranged alphabetically?

There is a popular custom cited by Chabad to recite Mishnayos which initialize the deceased’s name. While they note that many Siddurim and Mishnayos have a list which alphabetizes the Mishnayos by ...
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Why is there no Gemara on Avos?

Why is there no Gemara for Pirkei Avot? I can hear why Bavli has no Zeraim, and Yerushalmi has no Kodashim. But Pirkei Avos should have the most Gemara of all!
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Why are tractates in Shas apparently out of order?

The Sdarim of the Shas are (in general) by subject. That is, in each Order, there are discussions on a general topic and its ramifications. But in each one of them (I think) there is a tractate that ...
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Lowest counting number not in mishna [duplicate]

Some years back, i heard a song that counted using Mishna quotes. It was to the tune of (this website's anthem), Echad mi yodea. The first few lines, as best I remember them: אֶחָד הַחוֹפֵר בּוֹר ...
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1answer
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Lent half a shekel to a kohen, or gave as a present?

In Masechet Shekalim (1:6) וְאֵלּוּ שֶׁחַיָּבִין בַּקָּלְבּוֹן, לְוִיִּם וְיִשְׂרְאֵלִים וְגֵרִים וַעֲבָדִים מְשֻׁחְרָרִים, אֲבָל לֹא כֹּהֲנִים וְנָשִׁים וַעֲבָדִים וּקְטַנִּים. הַשּׁוֹקֵל עַל יְדֵי ...
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Differences in Halachic wording - "This isn't X" or "This is not Kosher X"

In Succah 8b I noticed two different wordings regarding a Succah: א"ר לוי משום ר"מ שתי סוכות של יוצרים זו לפנים מזו - הפנימית אינה סוכה R' Levi said in the name of R' Meir: two craftsmen’s ...
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Why was it improper to stick out a thumb in the Temple?

The Mishnah says, in Yoma 2:1, “the assigner [of tasks] would tell [all of] them: "Stick out your fingers [for the procedure to assign the task]." And what would they stick out? Either one or two [...
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Ashkenazi Mishna memorization tune?

I once came across a website with an audio recording of someone singing mishnayot in Ashkenazi pronunciation with a tune for memorization. Where can I find an audio with mishnayos sung in Ashkenazi ...
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1answer
54 views

Why didn't Rebbi compile everything that was known in the Mishnah?

Following "what-was-rabbi-yehuda-hanassis-role-in-compiling-the-mishnah": Fearing the loss of the Oral tradition, it sounds reasonable for Rebbi to attempt to compile all known Mishnayos (incl. ...
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A little Yabam who made Yibum and died

See Mishna Yevamot 7.4. העובר, והיבם, והאירוסין, והחירש, ובן תשע שנים ויום אחד, פוסלין ולא מאכילין. ספק שהוא בן תשע שנים ויום אחד ספק שאינו, ספק הביא שתי שערות ספק לא הביא, נפל הבית עליו ועל בת ...
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Why do mourners study Mishnah Kelim, Ch. 24 and Mikvaos, Ch. 7?

Mourners traditionally study two chapters of the Mishnah, these two chapters being Kelim Ch. 24 and Mikvaos Ch. 7. Besides these sections having to do with ritual purity, what is the underlying ...
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The Gemoro (& Bartenura on the mishna) quotes pessukim out of order; why?

Bartenura comments on the mishna in Yoma Perek 8(1) that there are five Torah references to affliction of the soul on Yom Kippur. The pessukim in the order in which he quotes them are: Vayikro 23:32 ...
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Orientation of Kahati's map of the Beis Hamikdash

R' Kahati's map of the Beis Hamikdash - that is printed just before the beginning of Meseches Midos - has South at the top and North at the bottom. I have always found this a little confusing, being ...
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Is there any glossary of all the plants mentioned in zeraim?

I have been trying to learn zeraim, but I keep getting stuck on all the names of the plants. Is there any comprehensive listing?
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Difference between תא and לשכה

Middos 4:3 uses the term תאים to refer to the 38 chambers in the Beis HaMikdash. I was surprised to see this usage, as the term לשכה appears 29 times in Mishnayos, plus another 12 in the plural, ...
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How life stories turned into Halachot - Mishnaic examples?

The first Mishna in Brochos states: מעשה ובאו בניו מבית המשתה אמרו לו לא קרינו את שמע אמר להם אם לא עלה עמוד השחר חייבין אתם לקרות There was an incident where Rabban Gamliel’s sons returned very late ...
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118 views

קיים vs עומד in Avot 1:18

I occasionally see Pirke Avot 1:18 recited as saying that on three things העולם קיים, and occasionally as on three things העולם עומד. Is there a reason for the discrepancy between Kayam and Omeid?
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What is learned from the story in Succah 2.7?

מִי שֶׁהָיָה רֹאשׁוֹ וְרֻבּוֹ בַסֻּכָּה, וְשֻׁלְחָנוֹ בְתוֹךְ הַבַּיִת, בֵּית שַׁמַּאי פּוֹסְלִין, וּבֵית הִלֵּל מַכְשִׁירִין. אָמְרוּ לָהֶן בֵּית הִלֵּל לְבֵית שַׁמַּאי, לֹא כָךְ הָיָה מַעֲשֶׂה, ...
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Why the minimal footage of a Succah is not mentioned in the Mishnah?

The first Mishnah in Succah discusses the height of Schach but not the measures. Subsequently, the Mishnah does not deal with it at all (Mishna 2.7 discusses the placement of the table independently ...
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1answer
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Better understanding masechtot ketanot

I am not knowledgeable about masechtot ketanot. Wikipedia writes they are essays from the Tannaitic period or later dealing with topics about which no formal tractate exists in the Mishnah. I ...
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What resources can help me understand agriculture for Zeraim?

I am studying Mishnayot from Seder Zeraim and I am often having difficulties because I have no idea how agriculture worked in the days of the Second Temple (or even today). Are there any good ...
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1answer
146 views

Learning one mesechta l'ilui Nishmas for two people

It is customary to learn mishnayos in order to elevate the soul of the deceased. Can one learn one tractate of Mishna and have in mind two deceased people l'ilui nishmasom, or can you only have in ...
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1answer
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Why is omitting the nighttime Shema called an "aveirah" and not a "bittul aseh?" (Berachos 2a)

The mishnah on Berachos 2a teaches us that according to Chachamim one can say Krias Shema until chatzos ("midnight"). The mishnah proceeds to tell us that anytime Chachamim say a mitzvah can ...
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1answer
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Did Rabbi Akiva accept arguments from ignorance?

There's a common principle found in various academic disciplines, that absence of proof does not equal proof of absence (ie: a lack of evidence for something doesn't mean that it does not exist). I am ...
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2answers
263 views

How many Mitzvos does the Mishnah cover?

How many (out of the 613 Deoraytah) Mitzvos are explicitly discussed in the 6 Sdarim of the Mishah (not including those that are only mentioned tangentially, like Kibud Av at the beginning of Peah)?
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Did Beruriah add to, "Women are light-headed," to say, "...except Beruriah"?

I'm seeing a couple of secondary sources which suggest, without citing a primary source, that Beruriah may have supplemented her husband's teaching "Women are light-headed", either orally or in ...
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Whoever saves one soul is like saving the whole world - Mishna edition [duplicate]

There is a famous quote from the Talmud: "Whoever saves one soul is like saving the whole world". The origin of this quote in the Babylonian Talmud is a Mishna (Sanhedrin 4:5), but the translation is ...
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1answer
95 views

What time of day was the afternoon korban mincha offered in the beit hamikdash, according to hazal?

At what halachic hour did chazal think the korban mincha was actually offered, assuming ideal circumstances? I.e. when they say "from the time of the mincha and onwards" (e.g. Rosh Hashana 4:4) what ...
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1answer
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Why does the Mishnah use the terms poor person and homeowner when discussing carrying on Shabbat?

This first Mishna in Shabbat (2a) describes the transfer of an item from a private domain to a public domain. The Mishna describes the individuals involved in this transfer as העני עומד בחוץ ובעל ...
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270 views

Why record retracted opinions in the mishnah?

The mishna Keilim 9:2 records a disagreement between Beit Hillel and Beit Shammai, and then records that Beit Hillel retracted their opinion and agreed with Beit Shammai. ‮חבית שהיא מלאה משקין טהורין,...
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Writing/drawing in the sand on Shabbos

The Mishnah (Shabbos 12:5) rules that writing in the sand is permitted: כָּתַב בְּמַשְׁקִין, בְּמֵי פֵרוֹת, בַּאֲבַק דְּרָכִים, בַּאֲבַק הַסּוֹפְרִים, וּבְכָל דָּבָר שֶׁאֵינוֹ מִתְקַיֵּם, פָּטוּר One ...
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4answers
117 views

What did the Nazir's death add to the story?

Nazir 1:7 states: הֲרֵינִי נָזִיר כְּמִנְיַן יְמוֹת הַחַמָּה, מוֹנֶה נְזִירוּת כְּמִנְיַן יְמוֹת הַחַמָּה. אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוּדָה, מַעֲשֶׂה הָיָה, כֵּיוָן שֶׁהִשְׁלִים מֵת: [If one says], “Behold I am ...
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1answer
171 views

Does the Mishnah have Taamei Mikrah?

In this book (end of #20, in bold), R' Shmaryahu Horowitz quotes the book "Maase Efod" by R' Yitzhak ben Moshe Halevy (1350-1415), that lists the proper ways of Torah learning and mentions ...
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1answer
95 views

Why does the Vilna Gaon use the Yerushalmi version of Beitzo 1:10?

The Vilna Gaon famously held that there is no proof from Chazal that the obligation of tefillin applies on Chol HaMo'eid. In Bi'ur HaGro on Shulchan Oruch Orach Chayyim 31:2:2, he refutes the most ...
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1answer
529 views

Why teaching kids Torah is the only forbidden profession for singles Yihud-wise?

The Mishnah in Kiddushin (4,12-14) outlines the laws of Yihud. While the Toseftah provided in #14 warns in general about teaching "his son a woman’s trade", the only profession that is explicitly ...
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1answer
25 views

Source for translating סופר as scribe in Kiddushin

The Sefaria's translation of the Mishnah in Kiddushin 4, 13 says: לֹא יִלְמַד אָדָם רַוָּק סוֹפְרִים, וְלֹא תִלְמַד אִשָּׁה סוֹפְרִים. An unmarried man must not learn to be a scribe, nor may a woman ...
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1answer
130 views

Why do mishnayot teach historical halachot?

Why are there mishnayot which discuss halachot of situations that occured in history and can never occur again? As an example of this phenomenon, consider Nega'im 7:1: אֵלּוּ בֶהָרוֹת טְהוֹרוֹת. ...
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1answer
218 views

How to determine who offered the second Korban Tamid of the day?

The mishnah in Tamid 3:1 and Yoma 2:3 says there was a daily lottery for who would bring the (morning) Korban Tamid. There was another Korban Tamid every day. How was the person for the second Tamid ...
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7answers
428 views

Study Mishna or Mishna-and-Gemara?

There are books and courses on studying the Mishna. Just the Mishna. Why would anyone want to study the Mishna by itself, without studying the Gemara at the same time? Practically speaking, when ...
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111 views

How can one say "my son is Mamzer"?

הָאוֹמֵר, בְּנִי זֶה מַמְזֵר ... רַבִּי יְהוּדָה אוֹמֵר (להלכה), נֶאֱמָנן: If a man declares, “this son of mine is a mamzer” ... Rabbi Judah says: he is believed. (Mishnah Kiddushin 4,8 adopted) ...

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