Questions tagged [rambam]

The Rambam, or Maimonides, was a famous 12th century Rabbi, philosopher, and physician. He wrote the Mishneh Torah and the Moreh Nevuchim (Guide to the Perplexed).

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Where in the works of Maimonides does he address how to deal with apparent contradictions between halakha and empirical facts?

Maimonides’ view is that halakha is teleological (see for example Guide III, 27,31) e.g. some laws are to promote societal wellbeing, correct moral beliefs, etc. Where in his works does he deal with ...
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Where in his works does Maimonides address how to understand אלו ואלו דברי אלקים חיים and the nature of makhloket more broadly (besides intro to PhM)?

Given what Maimonides says in his introduction to his Commentary on the Mishnah (Perush ha-Mishnayot) it seems like he is not a pluralist when it comes to truth in a makhloket (halakhic debate). He ...
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What kinds of statues does the Rambam mean we shouldn't put our mouths on?

B"H In hilchos avodas kochavim chapter 3 halacha 8 the Rambam says: 8 A person should not place his mouth over the mouths of statues which serve as fountains that are located before false ...
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What is the "necessary existence"?

B"H Often times regarding the first halacha of Yesodei Hatorah chapter 1, I hear from different people that the Rambam is discussing the concept of G-d as a "necessary existence" as ...
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Would the Exodus generation not have entered Canaan/spent years in the desert irrespective of sin?

R Avraham ibn Ezra and Rambam both posit that the Israelite slaves that left Egypt were not upto the task of war and needed to die out and be replaced with more courageous progeny (ibn Ezra) and/or ...
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According to Rambam, does rape fall within the Noahide prohibition against theft or not?

I am an Italian Noahide. In Mishneh Torah-Hilchot Melachim 9:9, Rambam says (English translation by Tav Eliyahu Touger): "A Noahide is liable for violating the prohibition against theft whether ...
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Does God care about individual animals?

Rambam writes in all his major Jewish works (PH, MT and MN) that if God cared about individual animals He wouldn't allow us to slaughter them for food. He writes that the pesukim that reflect divine ...
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How many times was the mitzvah of " עָשׂוּ לִי מִקְדָּשׁ - Make for me a Sanctuary" fulfilled?

In a sefer Haycha Timtzah, which received Haskamos from the likes of HaRav Moshe Feinstein, he asks the following riddle. Riddle: Where do we find one of the 613 Mitzvos that was fulfilled only 6 ...
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Yemeni manuscripts about the Hebrew expression - in Mishneh Torah Hilchot Avodah Zarah 9:4 - translated as "idolaters"

I am an Italian Noahide. in Mishneh Torah Hilchot-Avodah Zarah 9:4-, Rambam states that Christians are idolaters. Now, in various editions of the work, including the one available on the Chabad ...
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Mikdash without Aron according to Ramban

Rambam holds that the main purpose of the Mikdash is for avodah etc even subsuming the service keilim under ועשו לי מקדש etc. The Aron—as a non service vessel—is conspicuously absent from hilchos beis ...
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Why does Rambam not learn the prohibition for adultery from Yitro but from Acharei Mot?

Yitro contains 16 mitzvos according to Rambam. Most of them are linked to the 10 commandments but notably one commandment is missing: adultery. Instead he learns this prohibition from Acharei Mot: ...
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Why doesn't Rambam codify the obligation/recommendation to honor one's father-in-law?

Mechilta dR Yishmael and more explicitly Mechilta dRashbi both make the point that from Moshe's honoring his father in law Yisro (Shemos 18:7) one sees that one ought to honor ones father in law as ...
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Do the laws of pidyon shvuyim apply as usual during a war or are they secondary to warfare considerations?

Rambam states that there is no Mitzva as great as Pidyon Shvuyim. (משנה תורה, הלכות מתנות עניים ח׳) He sets forth there that its greatness is based on the fact that the prisoner is in constant lack of ...
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What did Israel hear at Sinai according to Rambam?

Rambam writes in MT (Yesodei haTorah 8:1 & 8:3) that Israel heard the actual words of the aseres hadibros on par with Moshe. In the Moreh (2:33) he writes that they only heard an undifferentiated ...
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Background of the Hasagat HaRa'avad on Rambam

A few questions about the Ra'avad: What does Hasagat mean in the context of the title of Hasagat HaRa'avad? I have seen the term used in reference to his works "HaRa'avad BeHasagatsv" So it ...
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Rambam Mishneh Torah handbook

Rambam’s Mishneh Torah is filled with particular words and phrases used repeatedly. It’s also organized in a very particular fashion. Both the word choice and the structure are used deliberately. ...
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Is there a Halacha in Rambam that says in the presence of your teacher you should always look at him?

BH Does it say in Rambam that a person in the presence of his teacher should always look at his face and never show him his back? If yes what is the Halacha’s source?
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Are both Maimonides and Nachmanides called Rambam? If so why? [closed]

Maimonides’s full name was Moses ben Maimon; in Hebrew, he is known by the acronym of Rabbi Moses ben Maimon, Rambam. Moshe ben Nachman (Nachmanides or the Ramban) was the foremost halakhist of his ...
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Do non-Jews have a mitzvah of "blood redeemer"?

B"H Today's Rambam, H. Rotzeich 5:4 says וְעַכּוּ''ם שֶׁהָרַג אֶת הָעַכּוּ''ם בִּשְׁגָגָה אֵין עָרֵי מִקְלָט קוֹלְטוֹת אוֹתוֹ שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (במדבר לה טו) "לִבְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל": When one ...
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Why are רצה and שים שלום classified as thanksgiving and not as petitionary?

Rambam writes regarding the makeup of shemoneh esrei (tefilah 1:4) that שָׁלֹשׁ רִאשׁוֹנוֹת שֶׁבַח לַה' וְשָׁלֹשׁ אַחֲרוֹנוֹת הוֹדָיָה. וְאֶמְצָעִיּוֹת יֵשׁ בָּהֶן שְׁאֵלַת כָּל הַדְּבָרִים שֶׁהֵן ...
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Is there a hadran text recited upon completing the Rambam's Mishneh Torah?

Is there a set text for a siyum upon completion of the Mishneh Torah? Perhaps something like the Hadran said upon completion of a masechet of Talmud.
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Source for winding retzuos around the finger 3 times

Rambam writes (tefilin 3:12): וְאֹרֶךְ רְצוּעָה שֶׁלַּיָּד - כְּדֵי שֶׁתַּקִּיף אֶת הַזְּרוֹעַ וְיִקְשֹׁר מִמֶּנָּה הַקֶּשֶׁר, וְתִמָּתַח רְצוּעָה אַחַת עַד אֶצְבַּע אֶמְצָעִית, וְיִכְרֹךְ מִמֶּנָּה ...
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Heter for "saying tehilim"

Rambam writes (avodah zarah 11:12): הַלּוֹחֵשׁ עַל הַמַּכָּה וְקוֹרֵא פָּסוּק מִן הַתּוֹרָה, וְכֵן הַקּוֹרֵא עַל הַתִּינוֹק שֶׁלֹּא יִבָּעֵת, הַמַּנִּיחַ סֵפֶר תּוֹרָה אוֹ תְּפִלִּין עַל הַקָּטָן ...
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Washing hands in the morning/Wrapping hand tefilin according to Rambam

I'm curious as to communities (or even individuals) that follow Rambam w/o any zoharic or kabbalistic influence (e.g. R Y. Kapach/Kafih/Qafih's if it isn't already extinct), how do they wash their ...
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Why is Avraham Avinu referred to as “the pillar of the world”?

In Mishneh Torah (Hilchot Avoda Zara V’Chukat HaGoyim 1:2), Rambam writes as follows: ועל דרך זה היה העולם הולך ומתגלגל עד שנולד עמודו של עולם והוא אברהם אבינו: “The world continued in this way ...
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Standing positions during Birkhat Kohanim

The Rambam writes (משנה תורה, הלכות תפילה וברכת כהנים ט״ו) that people standing behind the Kohanim during birkhat Kohanim do not receive the beracha (and see Sotah 38b (here)): עַם שֶׁהֵם אֲחוֹרֵי ...
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Why was Yaakov always fearful?

He may have just had a lot going on to be afraid about however almost every time we encounter Yaakov he is either nervous or concerned that something bad may happen. By the berachos with getting ...
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Marry an elderly woman

Moses Maimonides in the Mishneh Torah, Sefer Nashim, Hilchot Ishut 15:7 states that: "A man should not marry a barren women, an elderly woman, an aylonit or a minor who is not fit to bear a child&...
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Milchemes mitzvah in Shoftim according to Rambam

According to the Rambam that you need a Melech for a milchemes mitzvah, how does the Rambam understand all the milchamos in the book of Shoftim?
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Rambam midrash book

I always hear Rav Breitowitz say in his shiurim that the Rambam told us he was gonna write a book about midrashim and their rational explanations, but that he never got around to doing so. Anyone know ...
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Why does Rambam say "gentiles marriages' are not recognized" in Melachim uMilchamot, Chapter 8, verse 3?

He mentions this as he clarifies the rules about having relations with/marrying a captive during war: "Relations with a yefat toar are only permitted while she is in captivity as the verse states ...
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Does the fact that G-d rewards and punishes show that there must be free will?

From the Rambam (Hilchos Teshuvah 5:4) it seems that if not for the concept of free choice, there would be no concept of reward and punishment. The question is: even if there would be no concept of ...
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Is the war to protect the State of Israel from attacks from terrrorists a Milchemes Mitzvah

The Rambam in Melachim 5:1 says that one of the cases of Milchemes Mitzvah is coming to the aid of Jews being attacked by an enemy. Does that mean that the war in Gaza (declared on 07/10/2023) is a ...
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Did the Rambam really say it's asur to believe foolish things?

I have sometimes heard it said that the shita of the Rambam is that it's asur to be stupid and/or believe stupid or foolish things. Clearly the Rambam's general approach puts a high value on ...
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Sourcing a quote from the Rambam

I came accros a quote from the Rambam, apparently in his teshuvos, that a person should be "רודף אחר כוונת התורה". I saw it in a piece from Shem MiShmual (Lech Lecha תרע"ב, second piece)...
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Is this idea (dictation model of Torah) by Rambam heretical/blasphemous/idolatrous?

Rabbi David Bigman in his article The Dictation Model of Torah Revelation convincingly argues that the idea of Torah being entirely dictated to Moses, and then preserved over the generations (...
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Dor Daim and Halacha

Do the Dor Daim (generally Yemenite Jewish people who deny the divine origin of kabbalah), have any halacha differently from the rest of the Orthodox Jewish world? I understand that they also ...
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Did Maimonides covertly condemn circumcision?

Leo Strauss argued that sophisticated writers communicate ideas through many layers of meaning and abstraction using rhetorical stratagems including self-contradiction and hyperbole to convey their ...
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When was Adam restored to favor?

In the Guide for the Perplexed (Part 1, Chapter 7), Rambam quotes the Midrash which states that during the 130 years when Adam was under rebuke, he begat spirits, i.e demons; when, however, he was ...
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Why is there no mention of the distinction between teshuva me'ahava and teshuva me'yira in the Rambam's hilchos teshuva?

In all 10 chapters of the Rambam's hilchos teshuva, there is no mention of teshuva me'ahava or teshuv me'yira, why is that?
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Did Rambam affirm or deny the principle of sufficient reason (PSR)?

In the simplest terms, the principle of sufficient reason (PSR) states that everything that exists has a sufficient explanation/reason/cause/grounding (there are different variations of the PSR, e.g. ...
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Is there a difference between Chassidei and Tzadikei Umot HaOlam in goyim? [duplicate]

I have seen the Rambam Zt"l explain in Mishneh Torah Melakhim uMilchamot 8:11 that in order for one who is not Jewish to be considered as "Pious" (Chassidim) they have to abide by the ...
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Rishonim & Chazal on Bereishit as allegory/metaphorical

I know the Rambam stays Maaseh Bereishit is largely allegory. I wanted to know if there are other Rishonim Geonim and/or Chazal sources that are similar or agreeing with the Rambam. Sometimes people ...
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What is the point of confessing before the meal on Erev Yom Kippur according to the Rambam?

The Rambam (Hilchos Teshuvah 2:7) writes that the reason why one should recite the Vidui on Erev Yom Kippur before the meal is that he might choke (heaven forbid) during the meal. The question is: if ...
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Why did the Rambam single out Ribui?

In Sefer HaMitzvos, Shoresh 2, the Rambam says that anything derived using Rabbi Yishmael's 13 principles of derivation, or a Ribui (extraneous wording which tells us to include new laws), does not ...
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Ein Mishpat in opposite direction

The Ein Mishpat commentary notes where the topic in Mishna or Gemara is referenced in the Rambam or Tur/Shulchan Aruch (other relevant question here). Is there a work that reverses the order with the ...
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Chain of Transmission between Nachum and Rabbi Meyasha

In the Mishnah Peah 2:6, the text seems to suggest that Nachum the scribe received teachings from Rabbi Meyasha: "אָמַר נַחוּם הַלַּבְלָר, מְקֻבָּל אֲנִי מֵרַבִּי מְיָאשָׁא שקבל מאבא, ..." ...
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Mishanh Torah Sabath 11:14 writing rule with respect to left hand and elbow [Question]

In the Mishnah Torah -- Sabbath 11:14 it states: A person who writes with his left hand, with the back of one's hand, with his feet, his >mouth, or with his elbow, is not liable. A left-handed ...
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Sefer HaMitzvot and Sefer HaChinuch: Which should I study?

I want to study the 613 Mitzvot, and I was told about both the Sefer HaChinuch and Sefer HaMitzvot and I'm not sure which one to learn from. So, what's the difference? Do they include the exact same ...
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The sections of the camp of B'nei Yisrael as a reference to the Temple Mount

The Rambam (Mishneh Torah, Beis HaBechirah, chapter 7, halacha 11) writes:" The [encampment of the Jewish people] in the desert [ was divided into] three areas: the camp of Israel, which was ...
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