Questions tagged [rambam]

The Rambam, or Maimonides, was a famous 12th century Rabbi, philosopher, and physician. He wrote the Mishneh Torah and the Moreh Nevuchim (Guide to the Perplexed).

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39 views

Why didn't the Jews appoint a king before rebuilding the temple?

In the times of Ezra and Nechemia the temple was rebuilt. Rambam codifies that the mitzvah to appoint a king comes before the mitzvah to build the temple. If that is the case why didn't the Jews ...
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What is the mitzvah of tzedakah dependent on?

We learn in the Rambam commentary on Avos (3:19) that it is preferable to give a little bit of tzedakah to many people than a few large amounts to a few people. When does one fulfil the mitzvah of ...
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How come the Rambam forbids picking up money found in the street?

I always understood that, when one sees a banknote in the street, one is allowed to keep it (and others wrote this way, e.g., R Belsky here and businesshalacha there #17). Then I saw the Rambam ...
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Contradiction if forbidden relations are logical or beyond human reasoning

The Rambam (Shemoneh Perakim, end of Chapter 6) deals with different types of mitzvos. He says one type are logical, and thus a perfected person shouldn't want to transgress them. He says some call ...
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What is Rambam's source that the Sages issued a command to not teach your daughter Torah?

The Mishnah in Sotah (3:4) states: אם יש לה זכות היתה תולה לה יש זכות תולה שנה אחת יש זכות תולה ב' שנים יש זכות תולה ג' שנים מכאן אומר בן עזאי חייב אדם ללמד את בתו תורה שאם תשתה תדע שהזכות תולה לה ...
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Mouth of the donkey (“פִי הָאָתוֹן”): how can the Rambam seem to contradict the mishnah in Pirkei Avos?

NOTE: I heard this question raised in R' Hershel Schachter's parsha shiur (YUTorah - Balak 5779 from 23:28-24:17) The Rambam in Moreh Nevuchim 2:42 writes: וכן ענין בלעם כולו 'בדרך' ודברי ה'אתון' ...
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How does Rambam decide what defines a Mitzvah?

Rambam in Sefer Hamitzvos lists 14 rules that guided him in writing his Sefer Hamitzvos. Practically all of them focus on what does not consitute a Mitzvah Deoraytah: השרש הראשון שאין ראוי למנות ...
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Sources on the Rogochover and Islam

Someone once told me the Rogochover says that Muslims are idol worshippers, as they secretly worship the moon. I couldn't find where the Rogochover actually writes this. This article (fn. 20) says ...
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How does Rambam understand Arachin 8a?

Arachin 8a teaches the rules of what happens when a woman has a flow of blood and is unsure if she is in her days of niddah (days 1 - 7) or days of zivah (days 11 - 18). For simplicity, let’s focus ...
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Loosely holding utensils in a mikve - halacha development

The Rambam (Hilchot Mikvaot 2:11) does not allow loosely holding a utensil in a mikve When one holds another person or an implement and immerses them, they remain impure. This applies even if he ...
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Counting parts of a Mitzvah as a Mitzvah (Rambam's 12th principle)

Rambam in Sefer Hamitzvos lays [his own] principles of what counts as a Mitzvah and what's not. The 12th principle says that: שאין ראוי למנות חלקי המלאכה מהמלאכות שבא הצווי בעשייתם כל חלק וחלק בפני ...
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Do Tosafos and Rambam completely agree regarding “the blessing of the house”?

If a woman chooses to be supported from her dead husband's estate, she can; but if the heirs live in the deceased's home then they can (usually) compel her to do so also, or forfeit her upkeep. The ...
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Why did the Rambam leave out Beis Din's obligation to enforce mitzvos

The Gemarra in Kesubos 86a and Chullin 132b teaches the following: במצות עשה כגון שאומרין לו עשה סוכה ואינו עושה לולב ואינו עושה מכין אותו עד שתצא נפשו With regard to positive mitzvot, for ...
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Why is the halacha according to R. Meir against R. Shimon?

The mishna Keilim 7:4-5 (just :5 in other versions) brings a series of cases in which an item is connected by Rabbinic law (and not by Torah law; see Rambam's commentary) to another item, and in each ...
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Why is “Moses was the greatest of prophets” a principle of faith?

The 6th and 7th of the Rambam's 13 principles of faith (ikkarim) are: God revealed Himself through the prophets Moses was the greatest of prophets Why the 7th as a separate principle? The Rambam ...
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Is Rambam's statement in Guide for the Perplexed 1:59 meant as a criticism of the Talmud?

In Guide for the Perplexed 1:59 Rambam cites a Talmudic passage and introduces it with the following statement: You must surely know the following celebrated passage in the Talmud – would that all ...
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Rambam and Bahag disagree about the mitzvah of Shema?

The Rambam wrote his Sefer HaMitzvos as a polemic against the Bahag's selection of the 613 mitzvos (as is clear from reading his Shorashim). They have many disagreements, which the Rambam lays out in ...
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Parnassah and Marriage: Rambam vs. The Lubavitcher Rebbe

Reading Rambam's Mishneh Torah, Human Dispositions 5:11, we stumble upon the following opinion: The way of sensible people: A man should first select a permanent vocation out of which to derive a ...
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Why doesn't Rambam mention how many mitzvot are violated by not wearing tzitzit and not having a mezuzah?

In Hilchot Tefillin 4:26 Rambam writes: וכל שאינו מניח תפילין עובר בשמונה עשה שהרי בארבע פרשיות צוה על תפילין של ראש ועל תפילין של יד Whoever does not wear tefillin transgresses eight positive ...
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Who are the Rabbis that don't meet Rambam's reqs acc. to Raavad?

In Hilchos Teshuva 3.7 Rambam defines Minim (that can't do a full Teshuvah): חֲמִשָּׁה הֵן הַנִּקְרָאִים מִינִים. ...3) וְהָאוֹמֵר שֶׁיֵּשׁ שָׁם רִבּוֹן אֶחָד אֲבָל שֶׁהוּא גּוּף וּבַעַל תְּמוּנָה. ...
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Why for Rambam learning and teaching Torah are not two different Mitzvos?

Rambam in Sefer Hamitzvos #11 and in Mishne Torah Hil. Talmud Torah rules that studying and teaching Torah are one Mitzvah: היא שצונו ללמוד תורה וללמדה וזהו הנקרא תלמוד תורה, והוא אמרו ושננתם ...
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What is the order of Mitzvot in Rambam's Sefer Hamitzvot?

What is the order of the positive and the negative Mitzvot in Rambam's Sefer Hamitzvot? While some are grouped together, are they all ordered by any logic?
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According to the Halakhah, is marriage forbidden between Israelites and Noahides (that is, “the righteous among the Gentiles”)?

I’m an Italian noahide. In Mishneh Torah-Issurei Biah 12:1, the great Rambam says (English translation by Rabbi Eliyahu Touger): When a Jew engages in relations with a woman from other nations, ...
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For kiddushin, why does Rambam say kesef is “mi'divrei sofrim” but doesn't say that for shtar?

In Hilchos Ishus 1:2, the Rambam writes: לִקּוּחִין אֵלּוּ מִצְוַת עֲשֵׂה שֶׁל תּוֹרָה הֵם. וּבְאֶחָד מִשְּׁלֹשָׁה דְּבָרִים אֵלּוּ הָאִשָּׁה נִקְנֵית. בְּכֶסֶף. אוֹ בִּשְׁטָר. אוֹ בְּבִיאָה. ...
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What does the Rambam mean when he says that the planets have souls?

Rambam states in Hilchot Yesodei HaTorah, Chapter 3, Section 9 that each of the planets have a soul, knowledge, and intellect. כל הכוכבים והגלגלים כולן בעלי נפש ודעה והשכל הם והם חיים ועומדים ...
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Why does Rambam count learning from Midos in 613 Mitzvos?

This is a follow-up question to "why-one's-daughter-is-not-mentioned-in-arayos-in-the-torah" (please read before continuing). Both the Gemmorah and Rambam agree that the prohibition of one's daughter ...
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Why one's daughter is not mentioned in Arayos in the Torah?

Gemmorah Yevomos 2b: אלא בתו כיון דאתיא מדרשא חביבא ליה With regard to his daughter, since this prohibition is actually derived from a homiletical interpretation and is not explicitly stated ...
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Giving credit where credit is due [duplicate]

-The Talmud says, in two places, "He who reports a saying in the name of its author brings deliverance to the world." [Megillah 15a; Chullin 104b] -The Talmud is very careful to always attribute its ...
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Rav Yosef Caro's lack of Sefer HaMitzvos

A friend of mine once claimed that Rav Yosef Caro didn't have access to Rambam's Sefer HaMitzvos. It's apparently evident from comments he makes in Beis Yosef and Kessef Mishnah. I was hoping to see ...
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Instances in Shas where Tosfos quotes the Rambam?

I'm aware of one instance where Tosfos quotes the Rambam: Menachos 42b- Tosfos dibbur ha'maschil "תפילין יש להן בדיקה" where right at the beginning we see Tosfos write "וכן פי' ה"ר משה בר מיימון". ...
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Why learn either Rambam or Shas?

Why learn either Rambam or Shas being that we don't pasken straight from a Gemara nor do we Ashkenazim from the Rambam? And being that the Rambam says in his introduction that his work (Yad Chazakah) ...
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Law regarding mixing harsh and mild wines?

In the Rambam's Introduction to the Mishnah, he mentions a Halacha L'Moshe Mesinai regarding mixing different sorts of wine. The quoted text is ביין התירו לערב קשה ברך הלכה למשה מסיני. Does anybody ...
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Should we interpret the Torah literally or allegorically?

I had a question regarding how we should interpret the Torah. Should we interpret it literally, or if not how far can we abstract its teachings, or should we favour a mix of both approaches? I have ...
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To shake milk that fell in a meat pot

In the Mishna Chullin 8.3 there are two versions. The issue is about a drop of milk that fell on a pot of meat on the fire. First version: טיפת חלב שנפלה על החתיכה, אם יש בה בנותן טעם באותה חתיכה, ...
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The Torah laws are not for revenge - who said the opposite?

ואסור להתמהמה בחילול שבת לחולה שיש בו סכנה שנאמר אשר יעשה אותם האדם וחי בהם ולא שימות בהם, הא למדת שאין משפטי התורה נקמה בעולם אלא רחמים וחסד ושלום בעולם, ואלו המינים שאומרים שזה חילול שבת ...
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Do objects of idolatry contaminate?

Rambam in Mishneh Torah, Foreign Worship and Customs of the Nations 7:9 speaking about idolatrous objects says that "everything it mingled with and its identity lost" is forbidden property. Is Rambam ...
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Is a sin only counted if it was committed three times or more?

According to the Rambam (Teshuvah 3,5): "בְּשָׁעָה שֶׁשּׁוֹקְלִין עֲוֹנוֹת אָדָם עִם זְכֻיּוֹתָיו אֵין מְחַשְּׁבִין עָלָיו עָוֹן שֶׁחָטָא בּוֹ תְּחִלָּה וְלֹא שֵׁנִי אֶלָּא מִשְּׁלִישִׁי וְאֵילָךְ."...
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Why may a master torture his non-Jewish slave?

We’re commanded to be sensitive to a convert, as we know what it’s like to be in a foreign land (Shemos 23:9): וְגֵ֖ר לֹ֣א תִלְחָ֑ץ וְאַתֶּ֗ם יְדַעְתֶּם֙ אֶת־נֶ֣פֶשׁ הַגֵּ֔ר כִּֽי־גֵרִ֥ים הֱיִיתֶ֖ם ...
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How do most Rabbis justify teaching Torah to conversion candidates?

According to the Rambam ( Shoftim ~ Melachim uMilchamot ~ Chapter 10 ~ Halacha 9), a non-Jew who studies Torah is obligated to die and a non-Jew should only study his Seven mitzvot. I reason that it ...
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Incorporeal Resurrection

I was under the impression that, in contrast to Maimonides' distinction between techiyath hameithim (resurrection of the dead) and olam haba (the world to come), those Medieval/Renaissance period ...
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Did God really backup the Sun dial for Hezekiah?

According to 2 Kings 20:9-11., Hezekiah while on his deathbed, was visited by the prophet Isaiah. The King was about to die so he asked for a sign as proof that G-d would grant him a longer life. ...
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What does the Rambam mean by “velo yishtomem”?

The Rambam uses an unusual word in Hilchos Yesodei Hatorah 5:11: ולא ישתומם, which is translated on Sefaria as "and does not act so ridiculously". I am not criticizing this translation, rather I am ...
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Ma'ase Merkava inside Rambam's 'The Basics of the Torah'

Rambam Yesodey HaTorah 2 wrote: "דְּבָרִים אֵלּוּ שֶׁאָמַרְנוּ בְּעִנְיָן זֶה בִּשְׁנֵי פְּרָקִים אֵלּוּ כְּמוֹ טִפָּה מִן הַיָּם הֵם מִמַּה שֶּׁצָּרִיךְ לְבָאֵר בְּעִנְיָן זֶה. וּבֵאוּר כָּל ...
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Should Moshiach be Gdol Hador according to Rambam and R' Akiva?

Rambam Melachim 11 states that Moshiach should be one who studies Torah: "וְאִם יַעֲמֹד מֶלֶךְ מִבֵּית דָּוִד הוֹגֶה בַּתּוֹרָה וְעוֹסֵק בְּמִצְוֹת כְּדָוִד אָבִיו." "Now, if a king should ...
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Clarification on obligation to see a woman prior to kiddushin

Kiddushin 41a: "דאמר רב יהודה אמר רב אסור לאדם שיקדש את האשה עד שיראנה שמא יראה בה דבר מגונה ותתגנה עליו ורחמנא אמר "ואהבת לרעך כמוך" Rav Yehuda says that Rav says: It is forbidden for a ...
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What is the qualitative difference between the revelation at Sinai and other miracles according to Rambam?

In Hilchot Yesodei HaTorah (8:1), Rambam writes: משה רבינו לא האמינו בו ישראל מפני האותות שעשה שהמאמין על פי האותות יש בלבו דופי שאפשר שיעשה האות בלט וכשוף אלא כל האותות שעשה משה במדבר לפי הצורך ...
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Does a prophet win halachic debates according to R. Yosef Albo?

In Sefer HaIkkarim 1:18, R. Yosef Albo writes the following: כמו שנזכר בבבא מציעא בענין מחלוקתו של רבי אליעזר שנעקר חרוב ממקומו וחזר אמת המים לאחוריו וזולת זה ואף על פי כן לא קבעו הלכה כדבריו לפי ...
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Did Rambam say that God closes the gate of Teshuvah?

R' Yossi Mizrachi mentions in a YouTube video that the Rambam (Maimonides) writes in Hilchos Teshuvah: The biggest punishment to a Jew is God closing the gate of teshuvah (repentance) in his face. ...
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On the interpretation of Genesis 1: 1

I'm an Italian noahide. Here are some observations on Genesis 1: 1, about which I would very much like to know your opinion. 1 In most translations I have consulted, the verse is thus render:” In ...
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Where can find the Iggeret Hashemad of the Rambam online in English?

Where can find the Iggeret Hashemad of the Rambam online in English? There are lots of scholarly resources talking about it, but I am unable to find the words of Rambam complete in translation.