Questions tagged [rambam]

The Rambam, or Maimonides, was a famous 12th century Rabbi, philosopher, and physician. He wrote the Mishneh Torah and the Moreh Nevuchim (Guide to the Perplexed).

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Contradiction in Maimonides?

Maimonides felt that G-d is transcendent, that G-d has no body and is one, though we cannot attribute any description to G-d. At best, we can say what G-d is not. Thus it is impossible to describe G-d ...
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How are we supposed to understand Rambam's Rotzeach uShmirat Nefesh 4:10?

In Mishneh Torah, Rotzeach uShmirat Nefesh 4:10, there is a halacha which is clearly (and thankfully) not practiced, at least as it relates to the surface reading of the halacha: הָאֶפִּיקוֹרְסִים ...
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Commentaries on Moreh Nevuchim

I have heard that there are many commentaries on Moreh Nevuchim. However, all editions that I have seen in person contain just the text, sometimes with editorial footnotes. Can anyone provide: 1) A ...
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Why does Ramban claim that Rambam does not prohibit the pilegesh for a commoner?

We read in Teshuvot haRashba Meyuchas LehaRamban No. 284: (….) “And also in regard to the words of the Rambam (Rabbi Moshe ben Maimon), of Blessed Memory, they are not intended to forbid the ...
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Did the designation of an amah ivriyah by her master require the consent of the woman or not?

I’am an Italian noahide. Rambam states in his Sefer Hamitzvot (English translation by Rabbi Berel Bell): “The 233rd mitzvah is that a person is commanded to marry his amah ivriyah. Either her ...
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HaGra about Rambam's position concerning the status of pilagshim taken by Jewish commoners

I am an Italian noahide. My question expresses a purely intellectual curiosity, concerning the Jews and not the Gentiles. As we know Rambam states in Hilchot Melachim 4: 4: “A commoner is ...
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What is the basis in the Torah permitting a king to kill someone?

Rambam in the laws of kings 3:10 states כל ההורג נפשות שלא בראיה ברורה. או בלא התראה. אפלו בעד אחד. או שונא שהרג בשגגה. יש למלך רשות להרגו ולתקן העולם כפי מה שהשעה צריכה. והורג רבים ביום אחד ותולה ...
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Resources for learning the shorshei mitzvos of the Rambam

The Rambam lays down 14 principles, which he terms shorshei mitzvos, to determine which mitzvos are part of the 613. Besides the commentaries in the standard Mishne Torah, are there any other books ...
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10 types of angels

In Hilchot Yesodei Hatorah 2:7 Rambam says: שִׁנּוּי שְׁמוֹת הַמַּלְאָכִים עַל שֵׁם מַעֲלָתָם הוּא. וּלְפִיכָךְ נִקְרָאִים חַיּוֹת הַקֹּדֶשׁ וְהֵם לְמַעְלָה מִן הַכּל וְאוֹפַנִּים וְאֶרְאֶלִּים ...
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Rambam and Chazal

In his letter to Chachmei Luniel, Rambam says that the belief in astrology was a minority view in chazal and we should not follow it. ...it is not proper to abandon matters of reason that have ...
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Who exactly is the “kedesha” according to Rambam's interpretation?

I am an Italian noahide. My question expresses a purely intellectual curiosity, concerning the Jews and not the Gentiles. I cannot understand what is the exact definition of "kedesha" by Rambam , as ...
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Why are “Remember and don't forget Amalek” two separate commandments?

Why did the Rambam list these as two distinct commandments: P189- Remember what Amalek did to the Israelites. [Deut. 25:17] N59- Don't forget what Amalek did to the Israelites. [Deut. 25:19] ...
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multiple wives decrease onah of each

In Rambam, Hilchot Ishut, Chapter 14:1, he outlines a husband's obligations of onah (conjugal rights) to each wife based on his profession. So a sailor every 6 months, an in-town laborer twice per ...
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Are there any contradictions between the Rambam's Mishneh Torah and his Moreh Nevuchim?

The Rambam wrote the Mishneh Torah before he wrote the Moreh Nevuchim. This led me to wonder if he changed his mind on certain topics that might be reflected by an apparent contradiction between the ...
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When does Maimonides inform readers of his tactics?

Some rabbis insist that Rambam writes that he will contradict himself on several occasions in the Guide. If so, where exactly in the introduction to the Guide does Maimonides say that he will ...
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The limits of “Do not covet”

The Rambam writes [Hilchot Gezelah v’Avedah 1:9]: Anyone who covets a male or female servant, or the house or the goods of his neighbor, or anything that he can buy from him, and he exerts friendly ...
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On the halachic level, does the sexual intercourse between a Jewish man and a Gentile woman married to a Gentile man constitute adultery or not?

I am an Italian noahide. As is known, the Torah prohibits marriage between Jews and Gentiles, and in general sexual intercourses between them. There is, except for my mistake, the exception ...
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Sefardim and Ashkenazim switching traditional sources

The Taz in siman 671:1 writes concerning how many menorahs to light in one's household, the Sefardim who light only one act in accordance with Tosafos and the Ashkenazim who light one for each family ...
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Punishment vs suffering

The Rambam says in Hilchos Teshuva chapter 1 עָבַר עַל כְּרֵתוֹת וּמִיתוֹת בֵּית דִּין וְעָשָׂה תְּשׁוּבָה, תְּשׁוּבָה וְיוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים תּוֹלִין וְיִסּוּרִין הַבָּאִין עָלָיו גּוֹמְרִין לוֹ ...
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Rambam's Mussar to Son

Where precisely does the Rambam give mussar to his son about avoiding conflict? This article from Klal Perspectives quotes Kisvei HaRambam, Mussar l’bno Rav Avraham saying Do not sully yourself ...
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No atonement for adultery without punishment?

If I understand correctly, proper teshuva for sins between man and G-d removes punishment (Hilchot Teshuvah 2:9): Neither repentance nor the Day of Atonement atone for any save for sins ...
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How does Rambam see the influence of our personal prayers on unchangeable G-d? [duplicate]

Rambam in Yesodot Hatora (1.11) describes a transcendent G-d that knows no change: He is not found within time, so that He would possess a beginning, an end, or age. He does not change, for there ...
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Rambam about Testimony

I heard a shiur where someone quoted Rambam as saying something to the effect of: "We trust two witnesses not because we think what they are saying is truth, but rather because the Torah says we ...
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Intermarriage - contradiction in punishment according to Rambam?

In Sefer Hamitzvos, negative commandment 52 about marrying non-Jews, the Rambam says There are variations regarding the punishment for one who transgresses this prohibition. If he has relations ...
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What Rabbis originally supported and opposed Rambam's 13 principles and why?

I heard the when Rambam presented his 13 principles the opinions divided pretty sharply between the Sefardic Rabbis that openly supported it and the Ashkenazi (Rabaney Tzarfat) that opposed it for ...
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Did Rambam explain why and how he got so influenced by Aristotle?

It is widely known that Rambam was greatly influenced by Aristotle, and his Guide and Hilchot Yesodey Hatorah practically repeat Aristotle's view and adopt them into Judaism (see also WIKI): Moses ...
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Can a yeshiva be holier than Beis Hamikdosh?

Rambam in his Mishneh Torah (Prayer and the Priestly Blessing 11:14) states that a hall of study is holier than a synagogue. This raises an interesting question if a hall of study can be holier than ...
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List of instances where Rambam argues on the Rif

It is mentioned (Yad Malachi: Klalei HaTalmud 148, 154, 301, 307, 330, 415, 550) that the Rambam seldom argued on the Rif. Is there a comprehensive list which enumerates how many times they argue - ...
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Does Rambam prohibit revenge of any kind?

This question is only about interpreting Rambam's view on Revenge in Hilchot Deot 7.7: הַנּוֹקֵם מֵחֲבֵרוֹ עוֹבֵר בְּלֹא תַּעֲשֶׂה שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר לֹא תִקֹּם. וְאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁאֵינוֹ לוֹקֶה עָלָיו ...
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Is anyone against the rational teachings of Maimonides?

I am new to Judaism and am intrigued by Maimonides and his teachings but I do not know the opinions of this particular teacher - a man of such vigor and influence - by the many different congregations ...
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Is adultery a sin between man and G-d or between man and man?

As we know, there are two types of sins: sins between man and man, and sins between man and G-d. I used to think that adultery is a sin between man and man. However, reading Mishneh Torah, I ...
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Does Rambam hold of eternal punishment?

In chapter 3 of Hilchos Teshuva, Rambam says The following individuals do not have a portion in the world to come. Rather, their [souls] are cut off and they are judged for their great wickedness ...
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Does Teshuva protect from punishment or not?

The Rambam says in Hilchos Teshuva, chapter 6: There are other sins for which justice determines that retribution be exacted in the world to come with no damages coming to the transgressor in ...
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Why is a person who refuses to forgive another considered a sinner?

The Rambam Hilchos Teshuvah 2:9 writes about what to do when asking for forgiveness from a person who won't grant it: אֲפִלּוּ לֹא הִקְנִיט אֶת חֲבֵרוֹ אֶלָּא בִּדְבָרִים צָרִיךְ לְפַיְּסוֹ ...
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Can a mute person do teshuva?

The Rambam in Hilchos Teshuvah 1:1 tells us that saying vidui (confessing) is an integral part of the teshuva process: כָּל מִצְוֹת שֶׁבַּתּוֹרָה בֵּין עֲשֵׂה בֵּין לֹא תַּעֲשֶׂה אִם עָבַר אָדָם ...
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Why is the name Mekom P'tur indicative of being entirely permissible?

In the introduction to Tractate Shabbat in his Commentary to the Mishnah, Rambam writes: אבל מקום פטור מותר להוציא ממנו לכל אחת משלש הרשיות ומהן אליו וזה מותר לכתחלה ולפיכך נקרא מקום פטור (...
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Contesting the line between Torah and secular knowledge [closed]

Isn't it the case that the Rambam, for one, thought that astronomy, medicine, mathematics, for examples, were a part of Torah knowledge? At least the line for him is not simple and clear cut (eg see ...
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Rambam's decision to merge Shofar with Succah and Lulav?

When subdividing his 14 books, Rambam decided to merge Hilchos Shofar with Succah and Lulav, allocating the first 3 chapters to the first and the last 5 to the laters (see here) with no seeming ...
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Why was Shlomo haMelekh not a part of the Oral Torah’s transmission?

Reading the Rambam's introduction to his Mishne Torah, I am struck by the fact that he has Achiya haShiloni succeed David in the transmission of the Oral Torah, and not David's son Shlomo. I'm curious ...
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Wheat brought from the Diaspora to Israel: biblical or rabbinic challah-obligation?

Challah 2:1: פֵּרוֹת חוּצָה לָאָרֶץ שֶׁנִּכְנְסוּ לָאָרֶץ, חַיָּבִים בַּחַלָּה.‏ Produce [grown] outside the land [of Israel] that came into the land is subject to challah. What is the ...
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Why didn't the Jews appoint a king before rebuilding the temple?

In the times of Ezra and Nechemia the temple was rebuilt. Rambam codifies that the mitzvah to appoint a king comes before the mitzvah to build the temple. If that is the case why didn't the Jews ...
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What is the mitzvah of tzedakah dependent on?

We learn in the Rambam commentary on Avos (3:19) that it is preferable to give a little bit of tzedakah to many people than a few large amounts to a few people. When does one fulfil the mitzvah of ...
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How come the Rambam forbids picking up money found in the street?

I always understood that, when one sees a banknote in the street, one is allowed to keep it (and others wrote this way, e.g., R Belsky here and businesshalacha there #17). Then I saw the Rambam ...
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Contradiction if forbidden relations are logical or beyond human reasoning

The Rambam (Shemoneh Perakim, end of Chapter 6) deals with different types of mitzvos. He says one type are logical, and thus a perfected person shouldn't want to transgress them. He says some call ...
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What is Rambam's source that the Sages issued a command to not teach your daughter Torah?

The Mishnah in Sotah (3:4) states: אם יש לה זכות היתה תולה לה יש זכות תולה שנה אחת יש זכות תולה ב' שנים יש זכות תולה ג' שנים מכאן אומר בן עזאי חייב אדם ללמד את בתו תורה שאם תשתה תדע שהזכות תולה לה ...
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Mouth of the donkey (“פִי הָאָתוֹן”): how can the Rambam seem to contradict the mishnah in Pirkei Avos?

NOTE: I heard this question raised in R' Hershel Schachter's parsha shiur (YUTorah - Balak 5779 from 23:28-24:17) The Rambam in Moreh Nevuchim 2:42 writes: וכן ענין בלעם כולו 'בדרך' ודברי ה'אתון' ...
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How does Rambam decide what defines a Mitzvah?

Rambam in Sefer Hamitzvos lists 14 rules that guided him in writing his Sefer Hamitzvos. Practically all of them focus on what does not consitute a Mitzvah Deoraytah: השרש הראשון שאין ראוי למנות ...
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Sources on the Rogochover and Islam

Someone once told me the Rogochover says that Muslims are idol worshippers, as they secretly worship the moon. I couldn't find where the Rogochover actually writes this. This article (fn. 20) says ...
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How does Rambam understand Arachin 8a?

Arachin 8a teaches the rules of what happens when a woman has a flow of blood and is unsure if she is in her days of niddah (days 1 - 7) or days of zivah (days 11 - 18). For simplicity, let’s focus ...
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Loosely holding utensils in a mikve - halacha development

The Rambam (Hilchot Mikvaot 2:11) does not allow loosely holding a utensil in a mikve When one holds another person or an implement and immerses them, they remain impure. This applies even if he ...

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