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Questions tagged [tannaim]

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145 views

Does Amorayim read berayta in Gemara rather than recite it

I noticed a very atypical expression on Yevamot 40a: יתיב ר' חנינא קרא קמיה דר' ינאי ויתיב וקאמר הלכה כר' יהודה א"ל פוק קרי קרייך לברא אין הלכה כר' יהודה תני תנא קמיה דרב נחמן אין הלכה כר' יהודה א"...
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0answers
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Did Rabban Shim'on ben Gamli'el accept the stipulation of the court?

The Mishna (Demay 7:3) gives the case of a worker who doesn't trust his employer to separate tithes. The worker has to separate tithes himself, i.e. 1% (1 fig out of 100) for terumat ma'aser, and ma'...
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33 views

How was it decided when the period of Tannaim ended and the period of Amoraim began? [duplicate]

The era of the Tannaim was from 10-220 CE The era of the Amoraim was from 200 to 500 CE A couple questions: 1) Who or what flipped the switch to determine that one era was ending and another was ...
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4answers
66 views

Seeking works by tanaim or amoraim

To the best of my knowledge there is only 1 full work that was authored by a rabbi from the period of the tanaim or amoraim is the work seder olam by r' yose ben chalafta. I would like to know if ...
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41 views

R' Chanina B"T's strange behavior at his execution (Kalah 5, 4)

We all know the heroic story of R' Chanina Ben Tardion in its version in Avodah Zarah 18b as he was wrapped in Sefer Torah and burned alive. Interestingly, Masechet Kalah 5, 4 (sorry couldn't find a ...
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What is the issue with Rabbi Tarfon's redeeming of first-borns in Bechoros 51?

Bechoros 51b: וכך היה מנהגו של רבי טרפון שהיה נוטל ומחזיר וכששמעו חכמים בדבר אמרו קיים זה הלכה זו הלכה זו ותו לא אלא קיים זה אף הלכה זו This was how Rabbi Tarfon [the Kohen] used to deal with ...
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1answer
68 views

Examples of the sages in the Talmud going above and beyond in kindness

What are some examples in the Talmud where it tells a story of one of the sages from the time of the Mishna or Gemara showing exceptional kindness that could be a good example to other people? For ...
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4answers
624 views

How could Rav be disproved?

Frequently, when the Gemara tries to disprove Rav from a Mishna, it answers that he's considered a Tanna and can argue on a Mishna. But there's this case in Berachos 37a, where Rav and Shmuel both ...
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1answer
175 views

Is Pirkei DeRebbe Eliezer the earliest Torah she'be'al'peh to be written down?

The Radal mentions that Rebbe Eliezer ben Herkinus's talmidim wrote down the Pirkei DeRebbe Eliezer. Would that make it the earliest book of Torah she'be'al'peh to be written?
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1answer
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Who is Queen Cleopatra in Sanhedrin 90b?

The Gemara in Sanhedrin 90b relates: (Source from Sefaria.org) (Partial Quote) .....שאלה קליאופטרא מלכתא את ר"מ Queen Cleopatra asked Rabbi Meir..... My Question: What Queen Cleopatra was ...
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2answers
127 views

Hiding in an attic

There's a few instances I've seen in the gemarra where there were meetings in an attic. Both that come to mind are with Rabbanan Gamliel, although I'm not sure if it occurs with others. One is the ...
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Did Rav author the Zohar?

Did the Tanna known as Rav author the Zohar? I heard that since he was a principal disciple of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai, the traditional author of the Zohar, the Rashbi dictated to Rav and he wrote ...
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2answers
128 views

Provenance of Testament of Rabbi Eliezer

There is a work known as Tsavaat Rabbi Eliezer HaGadol, which is purported to be have been authored by the Tanna R. Eliezer. According to R. Menahem Lunzano cited here, the work was actually authored ...
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1answer
140 views

Why wouldn’t G-d allow the decree against the Asarah Harugei Malchus to be overturned?

In general, a bad decree from G-d can be overturned through repentance and davening, while a good one can never be revoked. (This is a major theme in the books of Yirmiya and Yonah, among others.) ...
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539 views

Is it mentioned anywhere in all of the Mishna or the Talmud that Paul of Tarsus was a student of Rabban Gamaliel

Is it mentioned anywhere in all of the Mishna or the Talmud that Paul of Tarsus was a student of Rabban Gamaliel? Acts 22:3 I am verily a man which am a Jew, born in Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, yet ...
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51 views

Explanation for the name Rebbi Nechunya ben HaKaneh

Is there an explanation the Tanna Rebbi Nechunya's surname ben "HaKaneh" - son of the reed?
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1answer
125 views

Linking two sources on Ben Zoma and richness

I recently came across a report of Ben Zoma being rich, and it made me wonder whether there's any relationship between that and his famous definition of "richness" in Avot. A baraita quoted in the ...
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1answer
164 views

Why do we still not mention Rebbi Meir's name?

According to the gemarah in Horiyot 13b-14a statements made by Rebbi Meir were dubbed 'acherim' and those of Rebbi Natan were changed to 'yeish omrim'. This was done as a punishment for an attempt ...
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1answer
260 views

Why did the R' Akiva marry the wife of Tyrannus Rufus?

The gemara in Avodah zara 20a brings a Baraisa that says, ואף רבי עקיבא ראה אשת טורנוסרופוס הרשע רק שחק ובכה רק שהיתה באה מטיפה סרוחה שחק דעתידה דמגיירא ונסיב לה בכה דהאי שופרא בלי עפרא We ...
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39 views

Why is R' Tzadok greater than Yosef?

This is part of a series of questions regarding the Braisa in Avos d'Rebbi Nassan 16:2 that lists how Yosef HaTzaddik, R' Tzadok, R' Akiva, and R' Eliezer HaGadol were able to overcome their ...
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1answer
138 views

How come Bais Hillel is usually lenient and Bais Shammai usually stringent?

It seems like the Bais Hillel had a tendency to be lenient in Halachic matters vs the Bais Shammai, it was a sort of a presumption to them in which they were almost always successful to back up with ...
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2answers
85 views

Were there any Tanaim in Bavel?

In the time of the Gemara (since at least the time of Rav), there were famous Rabbis in Bavel (and, at least in the early years, there were also famous Rabbis in Israel). But before that time, you ...
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0answers
94 views

When exactly did Rabbi Eliezer ben Hyrcanus die?

In Moed Qatan 27a, a difference of opinion is brought between Rabbi Eliezer and Rabbi Yehoshua as regards the point at which mourners need to overturn their beds. The case is brought of Rabban Gamliel ...
3
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1answer
65 views

What Brachah did the Tannaim Make on Pretzels?

The Mishnah (Brachos 6:1) says that anything that comes from the ground gets a Ha'adamah, except for bread, which gets a Hamotzi. Well, what about non-bread foods from the Five Grains? The Gemara (36b)...
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1answer
97 views

When reading the megillah why do we pasken like Rebbi Meir?

In Megillah 19a there is an argument as to how much of the actual text of the megillah one needs to read in order to fulfill the obligation. Rebbi Meir says you need to read the whole things and the ...
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1answer
42 views

Which Raban Gamliel was in the first mishnah of masechet berakhot?

Who was this Raban Gamliel in the first mishnah of masechet berakhot? Raban Gamliel I? Raban Gamliel II? Raban Gamliel III? Are there some books who could help me to find the historic part of the ...
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1answer
159 views

Numbers of Tannaim and Amoraim

How many names of Tannaim do we know? How many names of Ammoraim do we know? (I am asking about the names and not simply asking "how many were there" because I don't know if there were people that ...
4
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1answer
53 views

Which Rabbi Chanina is stam Rabbi Chanina?

In the Talmud when it says, "Rabbi Chanina says ...", which Rabbi Chanina is it referring to, Rabbi Chanina Ben Dosa, Rabbi Chanina ben Hama, etc..
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1answer
95 views

Rabbis and Politics

Why do some of the Israeli Left (politically) argue that they believe in the teachings of Rabbi Yochanan ben Zakkai over the teachings of Rabbi Akiva?
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1answer
196 views

Game theory in the Tanaim

I read an article a while back (maybe over a year ago?) in the Mishpacha English Magazine (I'm pretty sure, although it may have been in the Ami) that discussed a certain machlokes Tanaim about how to ...
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0answers
30 views

Why the need to mention the place that certain rabbis came from in Pirkei Avot?

In Pirkei Avot, a few rabbis are mentioned along with their place of residence (or is it their birth place?) Specifically: Antignos from Socho (ch 1 mishna 3) Yose ben Yo'ezer from Tzreida & Yose ...
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2answers
121 views

The Tannaim and Amoraim's Intelligence

1- Do we know if any of the Tannaim or Amoraim had below average intelligence? 2- Were all of the Tannaim/Amoraim highly intelligent? My question has to do with something I'm trying to figure out. ...
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1answer
49 views

Was Rabbi Yehoshoua ben Hanania a member of Beth Shammai?

He was a student of Yochanan Ben Zakkai. According to Bava Batra 134a, Yochanan Ben Zakkai was a Talmid of Beth Hillel but also a Talmid of Beth Shammai. This is why I wonder which House follow Rabbi ...
6
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1answer
83 views

Who was the son of Rabi Meir's father-in-law?

The gemara in Chulin 6b mentions Rabi Yehoshua ben Zeruz, the son of the father-in-law of Rabi Meir as having given testimony about a certain practice of Rabi Meir. The way the relationship is ...
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2answers
75 views

Was Yehoshua Ben Karcha a member of Beth Hillel or Beth Shammai?

Was Yehoshua Ben Karcha a member of Beth Hillel or Beth Shammai? I am talking about the Yehoshua Ben Karcha of Mishna Berachot 2:2.
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1answer
82 views

How did they ask both Rabbi Akiva and Rabbi Yehuda Ben Beseira?

The Gemara (Yevamos 108b) says: אמר רב יהודה אמר רב מאי דכתיב מימינו בכסף שתינו עצינו במחיר יבאו בשעת הסכנה נתבקשה הלכה זו הרי שיצאה מראשון בגט ומשני במיאון מהו שתחזור לראשון שכרו אדם אחד בארבע ...
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1answer
59 views

Was Rabbi Yossei a member of Beth Shammai?

Was Rabbi Yossei a member of Beth Shammai? I am talking about the Rabbi Yossei of Berakhot Perek 2 Mishna 3. He is opposed in this Mishna to Rabbi Yehuda, a member of Beth Hillel.
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2answers
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Losing your portion in the world to come and Elisha ben Avuha

I don't remember which mishna it is, however there is a mishna that lists certain ways a person loses their portion in the world to come. However in the case of Elisha ben Avuha, he thought he lost ...
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1answer
78 views

Mekor for R' Haim on Tannaim vs Amoraim

I've heard that R' Haim Soloveitchik said that although there is no law stating that Amoraim may not argue with Tannaim, nevertheless it isn't customary for an Amora to contradict a Tanna. Does ...
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114 views

Tannaim vs Amoiraim

Can an Amora argue with a Tanna? From the Talmud it would seem that an Amora cannot argue with a Tanna and that is why it tries to fit in all Amoraic statements into the words of the Tannaim.
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Q on Men of the Great Assembly [duplicate]

When did the Men of the Great Assembly start and cease to function and why? What was their relationship to the Sanhedrin and to beit Hillel and Shammai?
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2answers
50 views

Did Rebbi arrange the Mishna at the end of his life?

There's a famous line in the Gemara "וכי רבי לא שנאה ר' חייא מנין לו". It means that if Rebbi didn't teach a concept in a Mishna, Rabbi Chiya can't know it. Let's assume here it means that if it's ...
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2answers
116 views

Why do we reject Rabbi Chiya's opinion?

The Gemara says (in Yevamos 42b-43a as well as other places) that "וכי רבי לא שנאה ר' חייא מנין לו". In context of Yevamos, it means that if there is an argument in a Mishna and a Stam in a Braisa, we ...
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1answer
44 views

How can the Gemara bring a proof supporting רבינו from רבי אבא?

In Brachot 49a, it talks about what people must say in birkat hamazon. The top of the page is part of a braita, which quotes רבי אבא as saying that to fulfill their obligation, one must mention, ...
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0answers
47 views

Why entrap B'rurya? [duplicate]

Rashi, Avoda Zara 18 amud 2, in my own translation: One time, [B'rurya] belittled the sages' having said that women's knowledge is light on them. [Her husband, Rabi Meir,] told her, "By your life, ...
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5answers
813 views

Rabi Yochanan Ben Zakai, or Josephus?

Josephus in Wars 3. 8. 9. records a story of how he meets Vespasian, tells him that he will become ruler, and Titus will take over his position. Vespasian, although sceptical at first eventually ...
2
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1answer
227 views

Do we know the date of death of Shammai Hazaken?

Do we know the Hebrew date of his death?
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4answers
568 views

Why was שמאי holding a ruler?

The Bavli, Shabas 31 amud 1, has two stories in which a gentile came to Shamay asking to be converted to Judaism, upon which Shamay "pushed him with the construction cubit in his hand". Rashi explains ...
4
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1answer
78 views

Why did R' Yochanan ben Zakkai ask for multiple things?

In Gittin 56b there is a conversation between Vespasian and R' Yochanan ben Zakkai. Vespasian offers to grant a wish of R' Yochanan's אלא בעי מינאי מידי דאתן לך R' Yochanan proceeds to ask for 3 ...
7
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1answer
94 views

Given name of Rabbi Yose

What was the given name of Rabbi Yose? Was it Yosef or Yose? If it was Yose, is that a derivative of Yosef, or a totally different name with some other meaning or significance?