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Questions tagged [fast-days]

Days where Jews refrain from eating and drinking.

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Do You Need A Mezonos For Taanis Bechorim?

One of the ways for firstborns to eat on Erev Pesach is to hear somebody make a Siyum. If you hear the Siyum, but didn't eat a Mezonos, and you're a Bechor - can you eat or not?
Shalom L'olam's user avatar
3 votes
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Was there a group of Jews who would fast on Shabbat?

I heard from a friend with Russian Jewish ancestry that her ancestors used to fast for the rest of Shabbat after Shabbat dinner. All the research I’ve done has yielded what I already knew that Jews ...
YaakovNotJacob's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
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Is fasting on Hanukkah prohibited

According to Halacha, is it prohibited to fast on Hanukkah like it is on Yom Tov, Shabbat, Rosh Chodesh, and Chol Hamoed? Or, unlike those times, is it permissible to voluntarily fast?
Kirk's user avatar
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When does fasting for Yom Kippur Katan officially begin and end? [duplicate]

I have been trying to find out the zmanim at which the Yom Kippur Katan fast begins and ends, however I have found a post on here When does fasting Erev Rosh Hashanah officially begin and end? which ...
Akiva Azriel's user avatar
3 votes
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How does it happen that there are fasts on Sundays?

It is mentioned in Masechet Ta'anit 4 3 that people should not fast on Sunday "ולא באחד בשבת כדי שלא יצאו ממנוחה ועונג ליגיעה ותענית וימותו". ("And not on one of the Sabbaths so that ...
Avi's user avatar
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Torah reading at fast day mincha services if the fast will not be completed?

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 566:3 rules that the chazzan does not recite aneinu at mincha of a fast day unless there are ten people present who are fasting. Mishnah Berurah 14 rules that the same ...
Joel K's user avatar
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3 votes
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Have any Orthodox rabbis or rabbinic organizations called for a communal fast on Thursday, October 12, 2023?

In response to the current war in Israel, and the current situation (as I write this: hundreds of Israelis held hostage by terrorists, including children and the elderly), the organization Hadar has ...
mweiss's user avatar
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Taanit dibbur breaking

If one vows to do Taanit dibbur, when are they allowed to violate it? Could they violate it in cases of substantial financial or reputational harm? Are there any sources for this?
Kirk's user avatar
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Water fasting from Sunday until Friday, to save time, and Havdalah

In a particular week, you have a lot of schoolwork you want to get done. You decide to do a water fast for most of the week, to save time. You'll consume only water, not food. A.) Are you allowed ...
unforgettableidSupportsMonica's user avatar
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Water fasting from Sunday until Tuesday, to save time, and Havdalah

The main mitzvah of Havdala is to say it on Saturday night. (Source.) In a particular week, you have a lot of schoolwork you want to get done. You decide to do a water fast for a few days, to save ...
unforgettableidSupportsMonica's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
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What are some halachically proper fast-day greetings?

Considering that greeting someone during the Tisha B'Av fast day is prohibited, is there a proper way according to halacha to greet somone before the day? For example, to say "have an easy fast&...
Shababnik's user avatar
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4 votes
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Why do we fast when we mourn?

Ive always learned that fasting is the biggest healer of your soul, but what does this have to do with mourning and Tisha b'av.
motti T's user avatar
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If one fasted on Shabbos, is he obligated to fast another day?

If one fasted on Shabbos, is he obligated to fast another fast in addition to the fast that he fasted on Shabbos?
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The Regalim and the Fasts

Looking for resources -- Are there any texts which discuss the parallels between the 3 regalim and the 3 fast days in the cycle of the destruction of the Beit HaMikdash? Off the top of my head, I can ...
rosends's user avatar
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When were the minor fast days decreed by the rabbis?

Five of the six annual fast days are rabbinic and four are "minor" (i.e., daylight fasts). When, historically, were these five fast days decreed and which is the last to be decreed by the ...
Yehuda W's user avatar
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Why was Yom HaShoah not established as a fast day?

Why was Yom HaShoah, the memorial day for the six million Jews who perished in the Holocaust, not established as a fast day? That would be consistent as we fast on other days when we commemorate past ...
Yehuda W's user avatar
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2 votes
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Why are some rabbinic fasts daylight and tisha b'av is full day? [duplicate]

The 4 minor fasts and Tisha B'Av are rabbinic. Why is only one rabbinic fast a full day and the other rabbinic fasts are daylight fasts rather than full day?
Yehuda W's user avatar
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Personal Fast and Davening

If one is undertaking a personal fast (let's say for teshuvah/kapparah purposes), should one add "Aneinu" to his personal shemoneh esrei at minchah? If one normally says Shalom Rav at Mincha ...
Stitch613's user avatar
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Source for a quote from the Chofetz Chayim

A friend of mine told me a while back that he read somewhere that the Chofetz Chayim was quoted as saying that if he could, he would annul all rabbinic fasts, for in our lowly generation these fasts ...
MosheMoskowitz's user avatar
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Why is there no Ta'anit Esther Katan?

In a leap year, Purim is marked in the second Adar. In the first Adar, the 14th is noted as Purim Katan and the day after, as Shushan Purim Katan. The implications are limited (basically) to slight ...
rosends's user avatar
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Is there a Halachic book on regular fasting?

I’d like to take on regular fasting for health reasons. My Rav permits this. He also permits it to weaken desire. But there are so many contradictory opinions that are hard to reconcile in the ...
Kenny Xiong's user avatar
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Acceptability of gentile fasting

Something was brought up in a lecture by Rabbi Mizrachi (I'm not sure which video) where he says that Muslims try to follow everything Jews do--and they try to "one up" so to speak. The ...
neil's user avatar
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What was "the day" Beis Hillel and Beis Shammai disagreed?

The Shulchan Aruch OC (580:2) codifies the list of sad days some have the custom to fast for, which includes at the end: בט' בו נחלקו בית שמאי ובית הלל - The ninth of Adar is when Beis Shammai and ...
NJM's user avatar
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Isaiah 58 and the way we fast

I certainly don't want to offend anyone, but if it is asked in Isaiah 58 whether it is this manner of fasting that G-d has chose; when one starves oneself, practices self-denial, afflicting one's soul ...
Levi's user avatar
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Why was God's injunction through Zechariah, on rejoicing, not followed?

With the return home from Babylon, the Temple rebuilt, and idolatry vanquished, God said, through the prophet Zechariah, that from now on the four fast days commemorating the destruction of the First ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
133 views

Voluntary fast requirements?

If one accepts to take on a voluntary fast, is there a specific minimum or maximum time one must fast for (I.e. sunrise to sunset)? Also with voluntary fasts is it acceptable for one to take upon a ...
Yoniv19's user avatar
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1 answer
329 views

Why this common greeting: Tzom kal?

Tzom kal (easy fast) is a common greeting before the 9th of Av, but why? It runs counter to the adage, "No pain, no gain". The no pain adage seems similar to L'fum tzaara agra – according ...
Yehuda W's user avatar
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Must one fast if her stomach hurts?

If someone's stomach hurts on Sheva asar b'tammuz, should she fast? Or do these extenuating circumstances free her from her obligation?
yogazefish's user avatar
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739 views

Is there a source for Pidyon Haben seuda equivalent to 84 fasts?

In this answer, @Motel quotes an oft-quoted idea that partaking of a seudas Pidyon Haben is equivalent to fasting for 84 days. This is fabled to be alluded to in the words 'פדיום' (Bamidbar 3:49), ...
chortkov2's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
287 views

Chatam Sofer on Tenth of Tevet falling on the Shabbat

Abudarham argued that should we not use a calculated calendar and should Tenth of Tevet fall on the Shabbat, we would be required to fast instead of postponing it. He learns this from the common ...
Kazi bácsi's user avatar
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5 votes
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Looking for Ibn Ezra Riddle

I'm looking for the Hebrew of an Ibn Ezra riddle related to fast days: "the short, the long, the black, the white, the man, the woman." Does anyone have a source, or the Hebrew for this? ...
flips's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
216 views

Why do rabbinical fasts which start on Erev Shabbos still end at tzeis hakochavim if we are forbidden from fasting on Shabbos?

Why do rabbinical fasts(i.e. all fasts apart from Yom Kippur) which start on Erev Shabbos still end at tzeis hakochavim if we are forbidden from fasting on Shabbos?
Nosson's user avatar
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1 answer
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Halachic ramifications of using a digital lollipop

A device known as the digital lollipop sends electric signals to the tongue, stimulating taste. It can theoretically represent any taste, when correctly coupled with a smelling device, similar to how ...
Moshe's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
154 views

The prohibition of eating before davening starts when? [duplicate]

One is not supposed to eat before davening Shacharit , though the halacha has various exceptions or special cases. What is considered "before"? If I wake before dawn and start my day, does ...
rosends's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
88 views

Why celebrate on Rosh HaShanah while on Yom Kippur we afflict ourselves

On the day of Rosh Hashanah we will be inscribed and on Yom Kippur it will be sealed. So why don’t we fast or repent more on Rosh Hashanah and celebrate Yom Kippur because the judgement is sealed? Why ...
Y.Talmid's user avatar
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If one vowed to fast for a set period of time, would he continue at sunset after Shabbat?

So say someone had vowed to personally fast for a certain amount of time, and a portion of this time overlapped with Shabbat. Now it is known that we are forbidden from fasting during Shabbat, except ...
עמנואל-העבד's user avatar
4 votes
0 answers
101 views

Smoking versus snuffing tabac on Tisha Beav [duplicate]

In SA OC 554 the Caf Hachyim SK 3 rules that to smoke hookah is prohibited almost before Chats it, if not as a mean to treat constipation. But in SK 4 he allows to snuff tabac. My question is if to ...
kouty's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
323 views

Is it permissible to learn Hilchot Teshuva on Tisha Beav?

The Shulchan Aruch paskens (OC 554) that it is forbidden to learn most parts of Torah on Tisha Beav, except for a few small sections about aveilut. The question is: the Shulchan Aruch doesn't ...
talmidforlife's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
87 views

Why specifically the size of a date on Yom Kippur?

Often times a kezayis or beitza is the amount of food necessary to transgress a food related prohibition. Why is a date specifically the quantity one must eat to be liable on Yom Kippur? Shulchan ...
NJM's user avatar
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-4 votes
1 answer
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Who SHOULD accept a taanit dibbur?

If one is home with his family (especially these days when everyone is home, all day), would it be fair to his family members not to speak to them (besides strict divrei Torah)? EDIT: In what cases ...
Yaakov's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
226 views

"Anenu" for taanit le'shaot - fasting half day

If one would practically only be missing breakfast, could he say anenu in shacharit and finsh the fast (and not in mincha by which time he has eaten)? or must anenu in shacharit go together with ...
Yaakov's user avatar
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9 votes
1 answer
321 views

Who is "the author of the Shulchan Aruch" in this teshuvah of Rashbash?

The Rashbash (R' Shlomo Duran, the son of the Rashbatz, d. 1467) has a teshuvah (#360) written during an epidemic (unfortunately all too relevant now). At the time when he wrote this teshuvah, the ...
Meir's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
236 views

Does the COVID19 epidemic in NYC qualify as "Dever B'ir - a Plague in the City"?

Shulchan Aruch (Orach Chaim, 576) defines dever r"l or pestilence as an epidemic killing 3 people in 3 days (not 3 people in 4 days; not 3 people in 2 days) for a city of 500 working age men. How is ...
Naftali Tzvi's user avatar
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What is the difference between a sickness and a plague?

Shulchan Aruch (Orach Chaim, Siman 576) discusses fasting and praying for Dever (a plague), and also for a sickness (choli). What is the difference between sickness and plague?
Naftali Tzvi's user avatar
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Fasting in Nissan for epidemic

In general we refrain from observing fast days during the month of Nissan (S"A O"C 429:2). There are some exceptions, like a taanis chalom. For a communal distress such as a deadly epidemic a ...
Mordechai's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
962 views

Taanis bechorim when unable to attend a siyum [duplicate]

This year, due to coronavirus related isolation measures, the probability is that a bechor would be unable to attend an actual siyum on erev pesach. Can a bechor see a siyum online or must he fast on ...
sabbahillel's user avatar
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5 votes
2 answers
205 views

Day of Yosef’s Sale

I saw in a medrash - but can’t recall where - that the brothers sold Yosef on the tenth of Teveis. Does any which medrash I could find this in?
Chiddushei Torah's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
82 views

Fast days and אל ארך אפים

I have heard various opinions about saying Keil erekh apayim before the Torah reading on fast days.* Most say that we should only do that if the public fast day falls on Monday or Thursday. What are ...
Kazi bácsi's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
112 views

If you're well-hydrated at the start of a fast, can you keep drinking water throughout the fast? If not, why not?

Generally speaking, when the Torah is discussing the concept of fasting, whether on individual fasts or public fasts, it mentions the prohibition of neither eating, nor drinking. But water has a ...
Yaacov Deane's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
372 views

Does the Torah acknowledge that there are various types of fasts: dry fasts, water fasts, and perhaps others?

Generally, when observant Jews think about fasting, they think about the dry fasting done on the 9th of Av or Yom Kippur, in which we neither eat nor drink. This is related to the idea of rising above ...
Yaacov Deane's user avatar
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