Stack Exchange Network

Stack Exchange network consists of 174 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers.

Visit Stack Exchange

Questions tagged [midrash]

Exegetical interpretation, often of verses in Tanach. The term also refers to books based on these interpretations, e.g., Midrash Rabba, Midrash Tanchuma, et al.

2
votes
0answers
9 views

Reconciling Seder Olam’s account of Ever’s death with the Pesukim

Seder Olam Rabbah 2 says that Ever died when Yaakov left his Yeshiva for Charan. In the previous portions of this paragraph, the Midrash said that Yaakov was 63 when he got the Berachos, and he ...
8
votes
1answer
146 views

Does Midrash HaGadol actually say this?

Footnote 35 on page 395 of William Braude's English translation of Pesikta d'Rav Kahana says, "See MhG Gen., p. 880, where an anonymous teaching characterizes all prophecies predicting redemption as ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Sources for receiving blessing through Mitzvot

I am searching for sources for the concept that a Jew keeping the Mitzvot will ultimately bring blessing to / not keeping the Mitzvot will bring destruction to: A) himself/herself B) the Jewish ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Tradition-Based Depictions of the Third Temple

Are there any artistic depictions of the third Temple and/or future Jerusalem, available online, that are rooted in traditional descriptions, such as Ezekiel 40-47 and related midrashim?
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Source for Midrash on 8 Stages of Life

Posting for a friend: "Where is the medrash that describes the eight stages of life? I think it refers to the first stage of infancy as being like a king. Thank you!"
2
votes
2answers
62 views

Anyone not redeemed doesn't redeem: what about second-borns?

A father is required to redeem his firstborn son by paying some money to a kohen. A mother is not. The Bavli, Kidushin 29 amud 1, asks, "How do we know she's not commanded?" and answers: [In the ...
2
votes
2answers
47 views

Were Midrashim and Aggadeta transmitted to Moshe on Sinai like the Halachic Torah She'be'al Peh?

The halachic part of the Torah She'be'al Peh was transmitted to Moshe on Sinai along with the written Torah (or in the Ohel Moed afterward). Sifra: How is Shemitta relevant to Mount Sinai? Were ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Rashi's reason for juxtaposition of mitzvos insufficient

The Torah (Deuteronomy 22:6-11) describes 5 mitzvos consecutively, seemingly in random order (although the last three are indeed connected): Sending away the mother bird Building a fence on your roof ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

מפני שיבה תקום - How standing up means honoring?

This question is not about the cultural norms, but about the Tanachic sources for that. The Gemmorah in Kiddushin 32b discusses the subject of honoring the elders. It questions the definition of an ...
5
votes
2answers
121 views

How are we supposed to interpret “Derech eretz kadma l'Torah”?

I'm having a lot of trouble understanding how we should interpret the pseudo-midrash "דרך ארץ קדמה לתורה", ~~ "Derech eretz should come before Torah." The actual text of the midrashic source is: ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

Can the Midrash be included in “Talmud Yerushalmi”

When saying or writing "Talmud Yerushalmi" can this include (or refer to) the Midrash For example. In the Tanya (Chabad) chapter 37 it says ובכל תלמוד ירושלמי היא נקראת בשם מצוה סתם But it was ...
5
votes
0answers
40 views

Gad and Reuven exiled eight years before everyone else

Bamidbar Rabbah 22:7, Eichah Rabbah Pesikta 5, Midrash Tanchumah Mattos 4, Tanchumah Yashan Mattos 8 all point out that the tribes of Gad and Reuven, because they chose to live outside the land of ...
5
votes
1answer
86 views

How does Hashem relate to the bitachon (faith) of a wicked person?

Chovos Halevavos - Shaar Habitachon Chapter 3 - חובות הלבבות שער הביטחון פרק שלישי מי שיבטח על הבורא והוא ממרה אותו, כמה הוא סכל וכמה דעתו חלושה והכרתו! כי הוא רואה כי מי שנתמנה לו מבני אדם על דבר, ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Did Aaron have daughters?

We are reading this Shabat parshat Pinchas. In this parsha the Torah mentioned the daughters of Tzelofchad as follows: וצלפחד בן חפר לא היו לו בנים כי אם בנות ושם בנות צלפחד מחלה ונעה חגלה מלכה ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

Why miracle of no blood dripping on Pinchas, if Zimri and Kozbi were still still alive?

The Midrashim [Bamidbar] Rabbah and Tanchumah, and the Targum Yonasan Ben Uziel write that When Pinchas killed zimri and Kozbi many miracles took place. Two of the miracles are listed as follows: ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Where is there a rabbinical discussion or a mentioned in the TaNaKH about ethnic designation to mean “white” or “white person” or non-black person?

Where is there a rabbinical discussion or a mentioned in the TaNaKH about ethnic designation to mean "white" or "white person" or non-black person? I am aware that there is an ethnic designation in ...
3
votes
0answers
28 views

Can an angel perform multiple agencies?

Bereishis Rabbah 50:2 states that one angel cannot perform multiple tasks: אין מלאך אחד עושה שתי שליחות ולא שתי מלאכים עושים שליחות אחד. One angel cannot perform two agencies, nor can two ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

Is there any significance in the distinction between Avos d’Rebbi Nassan and Bereishis Rabbah regarding Chavah and the snake?

In Avos d’Rebbi Nassan 1:5, as quoted and linked by DanF here, when Chavah told the snake that Hashem commanded them not to touch nor eat from the Etz HaDa’as, the snake touched the tree, saying, “...
5
votes
2answers
82 views

Why sprinkle on the third day?

Parshat Chukat describes the purifying ritual of the red heifer and records that one is impure for 7 days, but the process requires that one sprinkle on the third and seventh day. Aside from one ...
2
votes
1answer
80 views

What happened to the remains of Noah's ark?

According to Josephus1, the Ark of Noah was visible in his day: The Armenians call this place The Place of Descent; for the ark being saved in that place, its remains are shown there by the ...
5
votes
2answers
107 views

Cursing other opinions

In Bereishit Rabbah 26:5 we read רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן יוֹחָאי מְקַלֵּל לְכָל מַאן דְּקָרֵא לְהוֹן בְּנֵי אֱלָהַיָּא -- that R. Shim'on Bar Yochai cursed anyone who interpreted Bereishit 6:2 as ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Can Angels “fall”?

According to this answer, the Pirkei D'Rabbi Eliezer (among other works) references an idea that angels "fell" -- were somehow separated from their holiness and "became" human. This answer states ...
5
votes
1answer
64 views

Hava Amina for Kohen not becoming impure for father

The Midrash questions why the Torah has to specify that a Kohen becomes impure both for his deceased father and deceased mother. Why not just write his mother? It says: [ד] יאמר "לאמו", מה תלמוד ...
-1
votes
1answer
71 views

Yirmiyahu comforting the Jewish people

I remember reading from Pesikta D'Rav Kahanna about Yirmiyahu comforting the Jewish people as they were being led out to exile (i.e. Bavel) in which they were suffering terribly. He told them I have ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Rashi Comment on Twins Tube with Pebbles

Rashi to Genesis 25:26 ואחרי כן יצא אחיו וגו’ צֵא וּלְמַד מִשְּׁפוֹפֶרֶת שְׁפִּיהָ קְצָרָה, תֶּן לָהּ שְׁתֵּי אֲבָנִים זוֹ אַחַר זוֹ, – הַנִּכְנֶסֶת רִאשׁוֹנָה תֵּצֵא אַחֲרוֹנָה וְהַנִּכְנֶסֶת ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

No issue of techum during kriyas yam suf

The Torah says that the sea formed a wall to the left and right of the Jews. The Midrash clarifies that it became a solid wall. The Chasam Sofer, to resolve a different issue, says that since the ...
1
vote
4answers
87 views

Does Midrashim exist for Neviim and Ketuvim?

I am looking for where I can find Midrashic literature on every other book of Tanakh. I own Artscroll's series of the Midrash and of course have the Megillos. If it even exists, where can I find this ...
2
votes
3answers
115 views

Is eliyahu hanuvy real?

Is eliyahu hanuvy real? is he really coming by shfoch chamoschu or it's just the Jewish version of Santa Claus?
7
votes
3answers
185 views

Avos vs. the Hagada on plague counts

My son asks: The Hagada mentions, toward the end of Magid, three opinions on how many plagues the Egyptians suffered in Egypt and on the Red Sea: R' Yose Haglili: 10 and 50 R' Eliezzer: 40 and 200 R'...
10
votes
1answer
95 views

Other reasons to start teaching children with Vayikra

The Midrash (Tanchuma Tzav #14, Vayikra Rabbah 7:3) advises one to start teaching their children with parshas Vayikra, since the korbonos are pure, just like children are pure. This is brought by the ...
3
votes
0answers
79 views

What was the “Great river of the Ocean” shown to Jonah?

The Midrash Tanchuma in Vayikra discusses the wonders shown to Jonah by the fish which swallowed him after having saved it from the Leviathan (see the Midrash [ibid.] for further elaboration). (...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

Pirkei drabbi Eliezer questions [closed]

Pirkay D'rabbi Eliyeser 14.5 Hashem gave the woman nine curses and death: The afflictions of child birth The afflictions of blood of virginity The affliction of pregnancy The affliction of bringing ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Midrash from עין יעקב that is not found in ש"ס. What is its status?

Various articles cite to this section from עין יעקב בן זומא אומר: מצינו פסוק כולל יותר והוא 'שמע ישראל'. בן ננס אומר מצינו פסוק כולל יותר והוא 'ואהבת לרעך כמוך'. שמעון בן פזי אומר: מצינו פסוק כולל ...
5
votes
1answer
143 views

Acacia wood or Cedar

The verse mentions one of the materials in the Mishkan was עצי שטים. Artscroll and others translate it as acacia wood. Rashi on the pasuk quotes Midrash Tanchumah (#9) that Yaakov planted ארזים in ...
6
votes
5answers
261 views

Who said that little Tzfardeaim jumped out of the big one's mouth?

Who said that little Tzfardeaim jumped out of the big one's mouth? As far as I can tell, the gemara in Sanhedrin, as well as all of the mainstream medrashim, use a lashon of וישרצו, which, as Rashi ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

What does “through the Torah” mean?

The Midrash for Parashas Terumah (Shemos Rabbah 33:1) opens with an explanation of "...and let them take for me a portion" (Exodus 35). A footnote there mentions an anagram suggested by Toldos Noach: ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Was Yisro descended from Avraham

Was Yitro descended from Avraham Avinu, and if so, how? I seem to remember he was a descendant of Hagar/Keturah but can't find where I saw that.
5
votes
2answers
207 views

Source for the Aseres Hadibros being set up in pairs?

I have heard from different rebbeim that each of the aseres hadibros is linked to another, specifically in terms of the root concept of that commandment being the same as another one of the aseres ...
3
votes
3answers
207 views

Was Eliezer a tzaddik or a rasha?

Derech Eretz Zuta (1:5) says that Eliezer, the servant of Avraham, was one of the people to have entered Gan Eden alive, while in Pirkei D'Rabbi Eliezer (16:14) we are told Eliezer is the same person ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Source wanted: Talmudic story about the power of teshuvah

The story is about a man who lived his life sinning and rebelling against God. I remember his sins being sexual in nature. Then the last minute before his death he did Teshuvah and God forgave him ...
1
vote
4answers
280 views

What is the definition of a Hekesh?

I'm having trouble finding the true definition of a Hekesh. If possible, could someone please define it, and possibly provide an example? - I'm asking in the sense of comparing biblical texts, (I have ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

What was the “precious stone” of Midrash Bereshis 60:6?

In parashas Chayei Sarah (Bereshis 24:22) Eliezer - upon realizing Rivkah is the one of his prayers - gives Rivkah three gifts. One of these gifts is a "golden nose ring weighing a beka". Midrash ...
6
votes
1answer
120 views

Why does the Midrash single out these names?

Shir HaShirim Rabbah 2:13, expounding Shir HaShirim 2:4 (ודגלו עלי אהבה, literally translated as "his banner is beloved upon me"): אמר רבי יששכר תינוק שקרא למֹשה מַשה לאהרֹן אהרַן לעפרֹן עפרַן אמר ...
4
votes
1answer
54 views

How can Moshe be jealous of his Talmid Yehoshua?

The Gemara in Sanhedrin 105b says דאמר רב יוסי בר חוני בכל אדם מתקנא חוץ מבנוותלמידו... ואיבעית אימא (במדבר כז, כג) ויסמוך את ידיו עליו ויצוהו as Rav Yosei bar Ḥoni says: A person is jealous ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Moshe's Weapon Against Og

Is there anything particularly special about the weapon Moshe used against Og? The Gemara Brachos (54b) records משה כמה הוה עשר אמות שקיל נרגא בר עשר אמין שוור עשר אמין ומחייה בקרסוליה וקטליה. ...
5
votes
1answer
61 views

Midrash about hitting thumb with hammer to show that we should not take vengeance on another Jew

Rav Zamir Cohen recounted a Midrash for parashat Vi-Yi’hi, which talks about how we need to have אהבת חינם since כל יהודי ערב זה בזה To buttress the point he says there is a midrash, which says that ...
6
votes
1answer
84 views

How could they call Yaakov by name?

Chazal in a few places (Pesachim 56a and Bereishis Rabbah 98:3 for example) say that Yaakov asked his twelve sons if any of them had turned rotten, or had a lapse in faith. They responded שמע ישראל ...
0
votes
2answers
83 views

Midrash digest in English on the Web?

Where on the Internet might it be possible to find a summary of the most important midrashim (aggadot) for each parshah in English? Something like The Midrash Says but online. Even less thorough, eg ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

Did foreknowledge stop people?

If I recall correctly, there are a variety of stories that allude to prophecies about the destruction of 2 temples. For example, the Bereishit Rabba to 45:14 reads, " אֶלָּא אָמַר רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר ...
3
votes
2answers
105 views

where is the midrash of Tobit?

A summarized account of the Apocryphal work Tobit (Tuvia in Hebrew) is supposed to appear in Bereishit Rabbah. (Source: Wikipedia) I have read that the midrashic account is connected to Jacobs vow (...