Questions tagged [midrash]

Exegetical interpretation, often of verses in Tanach. The term also refers to books based on these interpretations, e.g., Midrash Rabba, Midrash Tanchuma, et al.

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Is there a mention of the 7 Mitzvot deRabanan in the Talmud or Midrash?

Is there a mention of the 7 Mitzvot deRabanan in the Talmud or Midrash? Or does this come from other, later sources?
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Did the Jews share some of the oral Torah's teachings and stories with the gentiles before the the 7th century?

I have found out that some Christians before the 7th century knew and borrowed concepts that are not found in the Tanakh but are found in the midrash, e.g., the story of Abraham and Nimrod, the story ...
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Is there a medrash that says that foxes and fish lived together?

In Brachos 61b there is the famous parable of a fox trying to get the fish do go on the land. As part of the trick, the fox says: וְנָדוּר אֲנִי וְאַתֶּם, כְּשֵׁם שֶׁדָּרוּ אֲבוֹתַי עִם אֲבוֹתֵיכֶם ...
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Can it be that some midrashic literature got lost over time?

Is it possible that some of the material of the old Jewish midrashim (on the different books of the Hebrew Bible) that was written and was available during the Pre-Talmudic era is no longer available?
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To what extent did Jewish tradition of debate influence the development of Classical Liberalism in Europe? [closed]

Judaism has a long tradition of valuing debate. My sense is that it is somewhat singular in this regard. Certainly there is debate within Islam or Christianity, but if I understand correctly, Judaism ...
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Rav Albo's Sefer HaIkkarim-Maamar 4.30.10

In Rav Albo's Sefer HaIkkarim-Maamar 4.30.10 we read: "The second opinion is that though the perfectly righteous get material reward in this world, yet since their number is small, and the great ...
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Would someone please translate this midrash on the death of Moshe?

https://www.scribd.com/document/506081968/Death-of-Moses-Midrash There is apparently no translation of this text already in English. The document is a bit long (about 10 pages), so to anyone who would ...
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The meaning of Ezekiel 20:25?

Ezekiel 20:24-26 Because they did not perform My ordinances, and they rejected My statutes and desecrated My Sabbaths, and their eyes were after the idols of their fathers. (25) I, too, gave them ...
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Had Noah a wicked wife, son?

Is there any instance in Jewish literature that mentions that one of Noah's sons was a disbeliever who refused to come aboard the Ark, instead preferring to climb a mountain, where he drowned? or ...
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What was unique about Gevas and Antifras that Rebbi Akiva singled them out?

The Gemara Yevamos (62b) and Midrash Koheles Rabbah (11:6) single out two specific students who died out of the 12,000: וְרַבִּי עֲקִיבָא אוֹמֵר שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר אֲלָפִים תַּלְמִידִים הָיוּ לִי ...
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Where can one find the midrash Tadsha?

I saw something intresting brought from the midrash tadsha. I want to know where can I find this midrash. Online sources or/and where to buy online would be appreciated.
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“ruach elohim” in Genesis 1.2 translated with “a very strong wind”

I read, in some biblical forums, the intervention of Israeli Orthodox Jews according to which the most correct translation, in Genesis 1: 2, of "ruach elohim" is "a very strong wind&...
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מִלֵּא יָדָם “Ordination” for non-priests? [closed]

According to “Ordination In the Old Testament” by Afolarin Olutunde Ojewole, Ph.D. "The phrase “fill the hand,” containing the word mālēᵓ is translated as “consecrate” or “ordain.” The phrase ...
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If God removed prophecy from the gentiles because of Bilaam's wickedness, how come that Obadiah who was a gentile was a prophet?

According to Midrash, because of Bilaam's wickedness, as emblematic of the wickedness of gentile prophets, God removed prophecy from the gentiles (Midrash Tanchuma, Balak, siman 1). From the Talmud, ...
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Any pre 7th century Jewish source, teaches that non-Jewish prophets will never be sent again?

1- were the non-Jewish prophets sent to non-Jewish nations only, and not Jews ? if the answer is Yes Does it mean there is no way a non-Jewish prophet can ever be sent to the Jews? any textual basis ...
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Source for “There is no evil without good”

Who knows the source for the following saying please? "There is no evil without good." I have seen Bereshit Rabbah cited without a page number.
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Does anyone know of midrashim on the number of times the word “or” (light) appears during Creation?

I'm reading a work by a contemporary Jewish author who has some midrashic inspiration, however vague. I came across a passage that attempts to impute significance to the number of times "light&...
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What is the exact meaning of “ha Elohim” in Genesis 22:1?

In Genesis 22: 1 we read: "And it came to pass after these things, that ha Elohim tested Abraham, and He said to him, "Abraham," and he said, "Here I am." I see that the ...
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Locating a citation from Scholem: Midrash on tzimtzum

In his chapter on Lurianic Kabbalah in Major Trends in Jewish Mysticism, Scholem refers to a Midrashic source that Luria creatively re-reads to ground the mystical concept of tzimtzum. The ...
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The Matrites and the midrash

In Shmuel 1:10:21 it says: "Then Samuel brought forward the tribe of Benjamin by its clans, and the clan of the Matrites was indicated; and then Saul son of Kish was indicated. But when they ...
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In Judaism, must נְבִיאִים Neviim feel happiness in order לְהִנָּבֵא to prophesy?

In Judaism, must נְבִיאִים Neviim feel happiness in order לְהִנָּבֵא to prophesy? After we read 2 Kings 3:15, Now then, get me a musician.” As the musician played, the hand of the LORD came upon him, ...
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Midrash on Novach

In Ruth Rabbah 5:5 it says: "...And similarly "And Nobah went and took Kenath, and the villages thereof, and called it Nobah, after his own name (Numbers 32:42) this teaches that her own ...
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Why does Mordechai agree to put on the king's clothing?

From the Megillah, we read that Mordechai put on sack-cloth and ashes upon hearing of Haman's decree. Esther, alarmed to see her cousin in such a state, sends him fine clothes to put on, but he ...
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Midrash talpiyot in english on the web?

I am looking for an English version of Midrash talpiyot. But the best I could do was just view these versions https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/011261779. The version with more pages (and I ...
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Does the Midrash show any examples of adjectives attached to Rabbi when addressing a Rabbi?

Are there any historic examples, such as in the Midrash, that show someone addressing a Rabbi with an adjective such as רַבִּי הַטּוֹב?
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Which Midrashim compare Yakov to G-d?

In Joshua Kulp's Daf Shevui to Megillah, he writes: We should note there are a series of midrashim that accord G-d-like qualities to Jacob, mostly that he and G-d look exactly alike. Could anyone ...
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Beresheet 5:24 - What happened to Enokh?

In this genealogical chapter, in the portion enumerating the lineage from Metushelakh to Noakh, everyone gets an "and he died" except for Enokh, who gets an "and he was no longer, for ...
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Midrash on commandments for non-Jews

Note: I had recalled seeing this or a similar question somewhere on the site but couldn't find it. There's a midrash that appears in two versions (that I know of), one in Midrash Tehillim 21:1: "...
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Who are the Sinnites? [duplicate]

In Modern Hebrew, china is refered to as סין(Sin). There are three mentions of סין throughout tanach: ויסעו מאלים ויבאו כל עדת בני ישראל אל מדבר סין אשר בין אילים ובין סיני, בחמשה עשר יום לחדש השני ...
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What became of Moshe's staff?

Tradition teaches us that the staff used by Moshe was created on the sixth day (source: Pirkei Avot 5:6) and was given to Adam, then to Noach, then to Avraham and so on. After Moshe's death, what ...
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People born circumcised?

In this discussion, it's stated: "There is a minor tractate in the Talmud called Brit Millah which lists all the people born circumcised." Can anyone point me towards a copy of this tractate ...
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Did Yakov ever find out the truth about the sale of Yosef?

Curious why the Torah never mentions anything about Yaakov inquiring as to what actually happened to Joseph and how he got to Egypt. Is there any scriptural basis to suggest he became aware of the ...
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Does a person’s soul see through the navel when the person passes away (Ben Ish Hai)

I was studying with someone earlier today and he mentioned that he once read in the Sefer Ben Ish Hai that when a person passes away, his soul can ‘see’ (I don’t really know what that means) through ...
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Sources in the Talmud Aggaditah and/or Midrashim on Samal and Lilit?

I know that there are sources in the Gemara Aggaditah on Samal and Lilit (לילית & ס"מ) as well as in the Zohar. I have seen her mentioned in Shabbat, Eruvin, and Niddah. Still, not a clear ...
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Source for the work on the mishkan being completed on Kislev 25

In the Pesikta Rabbati, we find a midrash that claims that the work on the mishkan was completed on the 25th of Kislev, even though it wasn't erected until Nisan. אמר רבי חנינא בעשרים וחמשה בכסליו ...
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Looking for Avot deRabbi Natan B ch 9 & 42 *in English*

I'm translating an essay from French into English, and the author references Avot deRabbi Nathan version B twice. One quote is from chapter 9. The other is cited as being from chapter 42 and ...
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Why wait to get water in the Z'chut of Miriam?

After they left Egypt the Children of Israel crossed the Reed Sea and needed water. They got to Marah after 3 days (at which there were bitter waters) and complained as mentioned in Sh'mot 15:23. ...
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Why does Ruth Rabbah 5:6 quote Isaiah 53:5?

It seems that most meforshim (like Rashi, Radak, Ibn Ezra, Mahari Kara, Malbim) explain Isaiah 53 as referring to Klal Yisroel (or at least the righteous remnant of Klal Yisroel) and not the Moshiach. ...
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What is תַרְדֵּמַת מַרְמִיטָה?

Following on from my answer here What is the third type of תרדמה - i.e. "תַרְדֵּמַת מַרְמִיטָה", that the Midrash in Bereishis Rabbah 17:5 is explaining: רַב אָמַר שָׁלשׁ תַּרְדֵמוֹת הֵן, ...
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ציורים ממתנות כהונה לא, יא Page in Midrash Rabbah

I found a page at the back of Midrash Rabbah with that title and rows of boxes. Does anyone know what it is?
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Hatzlelponi and Tzelelponit

In Bamidbar Rabbah 10:5 it says that Shimshon's mother was called Hatzlelponi: "אִמֵּיהּ דְּשִׁמְשׁוֹן הַצְלֶלְפּוֹנִי שְׁמָהּ, וְהִיא מְיֻחֶסֶת עַל שֵׁבֶט יְהוּדָה, שֶׁנֶּאֱמַר (דברי הימים א ד, ...
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Do any Jewish sources give a non-literal interpretation of the census in Bamidbar?

Are there any classical commentators that state that "elef" didn't literally mean 1 thousand, or something else to that effect, that would result in a smaller number? I am reading Ani Maamin ...
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How to explain Bereishis Rabbah 55:7 to a Noahide? [closed]

There it is stated about the umos haoilom that Hashem will send them to gehinom and was asked by a Noahide why are they sent to gehinom.
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The Medrash About Shlomo HaMelech's Daughter

The Medrash in Parsha Ki Sisa says the following story: Shlomo HaMelech had a beautiful and wise daughter. As she got older, he sought a husband for her. Astrologers advised the king that she was ...
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What happened to the male Leviathan?

According to tradition (see Rashi to bereishis 1:21), Hashem created a male and female Leviathan, but then He killed the female and salted it for the righteous. What happened to the male? Did it die ...
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Were all the Jews enslaved in Egypt?

According to this Midrash there were Jews and They had favored positions among the Egyptians and could not dream of giving up their wealth. Therefore, they died in the plague of darkness. (...
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Is there a midrash that says all of the water in the world split at the time of the splitting of the reed sea?

Is there a midrash that states that all the bodies of water split during the splitting of the reed sea? If yes, I would think that such an event would be recorded in some secular history book? Are ...
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What's the explanation of this Yalkut (if there is any)?

I was reading this article and in the first sentence it references a Yalkut Shimoni that states that "Jael, Hagar, Asenath, Zipporah, Shiphrah, Puah, the daughter of Pharaoh, Rahab and Ruth were among ...
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Moshe's mussar of bnei reuven and bnei gad - medrash source

I was wondering if the oilam could please help me find the specific source in the medrash... I read from Rabbi Yissochor Frand shlita (here) how Moshe criticised the Bnei Reuven and Gad after they ...
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English Exodus Rabbah

Is anyone aware of a full text of Shemos Rabbah in English available online? Sefaria has bits and pieces, but I'd like the full thing.

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