Questions tagged [midrash]

Exegetical interpretation, often of verses in Tanach. The term also refers to books based on these interpretations, e.g., Midrash Rabba, Midrash Tanchuma, et al.

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The cruelty with visitors in Sodom and Gomorrah [duplicate]

They say that there was a special type of cruelty in Sodom and Gomorrah. If they received a visitor in the city who needed shelter, they would take him to a room with a bed. If the visitor was a tall ...
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Is this the correct phrase: העול של תורה [closed]

The Yoke of the Torah Please adjust so I have the phrasing/prepositions correct. (And any source references welcome!)
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Are there any compliations of ancient/medieval Jewish comments on Scripture?

Is there any book or website where I can look up ancient/medieval Jewish teaching on any given verse in the Tanach to see what the Talmud, Midrash, Rashi, etc. says about the verse? Something akin to ...
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Chazal Imply Gechazi was Rotten and Elisha Didn't Know -- What Lesson is Gained from This?

If you just read the verses in Melachim Bet, Gechazi seems to faithfully serve his boss Elisha a few times, then he gets greedy and makes a couple of bucks off of the venture, at which point Elisha ...
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Why did Adam attribute himself to dirt rather than God's soul?

"And you, [God said], what is your name? [Adam] said to him: It would be right to be called Adam, since I was created from the dirt (adamah)." Bereishit_Rabbah.17.4 It would be logical that ...
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Did Saul consult the Urim before his final battle?

Scripture tells us that on the eve of his final battle, Saul besought God but was answered with no dream, Urim or prophets (Samuel 1.28.6). The midrash says that Saul chose not to consult with the ...
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Does Rashi say that cats are more Tzanua than dogs?

My friend says there is a Rashi that says this, but I couldn't find it.
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Are the stories in the Midrashim and Targumim meant to be historical? [duplicate]

The Midrashim and Targumim contain stories meant to further elaborate on the accounts in the Hebrew Bible. Are these stories meant to be historically accurate? Further reading on this issue would be ...
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Why isn't midrash rabbah learnt as much as other commentaries

I feel like there's more of a stress to learn other commentaries, and midrash rabbah and tanchuma are just nice things extra if you want to. I see amazing droshos in the midrash, and was wondering why ...
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Looking for a midrash mentioned by Falaquera

When Noah recovered from his wine, he enslaved his grandson Canaan to his sons Shem and Japheth. The relationship he envisioned for his sons Japheth and Shem is spelled out in Gen 9.27: יפת אלהים ...
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Looking for a source in Midrash Kohelet

Related. In a short article called "New Identifications", C. R. Conder wrote: "Beror-Hail (Midrash Koheleth vii, 7), the place to which Rabbi Johanan retired when the younger Gamaliel ...
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Matan Torah: Coercion or out of love?

There is a Midrashic approach to "and they stood at the foot of the mountain" (Shemos 19:17), namely that G-d literally held the mountain over the heads of B'nei Yisrael, coercing them to ...
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Midrash Mishlei translation?

Is anyone aware of an available* translation of Midrash Mishlei? *the Visotzky translation doesn't seem to be available for purchase anywhere, nor online
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Emptying out Mitzrayim [duplicate]

If when the Jews left Egypt it says וינצלו את מצרים, they emptied out Mitzrayim, then where did all the silver and gold that the Egyptians had at the Yam Suf come from? And the spoils at the sea were ...
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Source for atheism being better than lack of observance

It is written “they have abandoned Me and have not observed My Torah” (Jeremiah 16, 11) G-d says “if only Me they would abandon but My Torah they would observe.” G-d declares that it would be better ...
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Rabbits in the Torah

Are there are quotes about Rabbits in Tanach, Midrash, Gemara etc.. I am looking for somewhere which speaks about them.
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Haman's gallows originating from Noach's ark

There is an interesting Yalkut Shimoni, remez 256 (on parshas Beshalach) where it details that when Haman was searching for a large enough beam of wood with which to make the gallows - he ended up ...
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Looking for a Midrash about the point that one can learn from everybody

I’m looking for (the source of) a Midrash I once heard. It was about a Talmid Chacham who didn’t let himself be lectured by others except for his own Rabbi (or the Rabbi’s). Then he had this encounter ...
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If the nations' ministers are all appointed by Hashem, why is it idol worship? [closed]

I apologize if this is a stupid question, but I was pondering it today and I hope you will find it as interesting as I do. Every Rabbinic opinion I've seen, although there are plenty I haven't of ...
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Midrash Rabbah - User Friendly Edition

Can someone recommend a user friendly edition of Midrash Rabbah? To be more specific, I am looking for an edition that has - a) clear print b) user friendly layout that is good for study b) ...
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Could Pharaoh (from the Red Sea) be the King of Nineveh whom Jonah warned?

In my studies I came across Midrashim that either infer or state outright that the Pharaoh who stood before Moses was the sole survivor of Red Sea catastrophe, and he later ruled in Nineveh when Jonah ...
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need help finding online midrash sources about the story of exodus?

I need to find online midrash sources (in English ,and can be searched using key words ) that explain the whole or most of the story of Moses and the pharaoh... Thanx all.
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Philistines destroyed the Temple?

Posting for someone else: The Rashbam on Bereshis 22:1 brings that Hashem, in retaliation for Avraham giving 7 sheep to Avimelech, says that Avimelech's descendants will destroy 7 sanctuaries of ...
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What was the process for acceptance of midrashim?

The Talmud tells us that the Sages had long discussions about which books should be included in the Tanach [Bava Batra 14b-15a]. Their decisions were important. First, the books they excluded do not ...
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Where can I find the original Hebrew text for this quote?

From the Jewish Encyclopedia: Armenia is also mentioned in the Midrashim: "God said, if I let them pass through the deserts, they will die of starvation. Therefore I lead them by the road of ...
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Midrash Rabbah - Edition

The accuracy and reliability of various editions of Midrashim, especially Midrash Rabbah, is not great. I have the few available volumes by Mechon Schecter, who have been putting out critical editions ...
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Is anything else known about King Ahab's sister, who according to the medrish was a Judean queen?

In I Kings 16:22, Rashi quotes Seder Olam that King Asa, the righteous king of Judea, married his son Yehoshafat (also a good guy) to the daughter of the not-so-righteous King Omri of North Israel. Of ...
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How did the Shitim tree grow in the desert?

According to the Mefarshim, the source for the woods for the Mishkan was the Cedar trees that Yakov planted in his way to Egypt. According to the size of the woods needed for the Mishkan the mefarshim ...
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Why does Midrash refer to "New Torah" not found in the original verse?

Rabbi Abin builds a Drasha on a phrase not found in the text (Vayikra_Rabbah.13): "אָמַר רַבִּי אָבִין בַּר כַּהֲנָא אָמַר הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא (ישעיה נא, ד): "תּוֹרָה חֲדָשָׁה מֵאִתִּי ...
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Yehoshua 5:15 - Why is the ground considered holy?

"וַיֹּ֩אמֶר֩ שַׂר־צְבָ֨א יְהֹוָ֜ה אֶל־יְהוֹשֻׁ֗עַ שַׁל־נַֽעַלְךָ֙ מֵעַ֣ל רַגְלֶ֔ךָ כִּ֣י הַמָּק֗וֹם אֲשֶׁ֥ר אַתָּ֛ה עֹמֵ֥ד עָלָ֖יו קֹ֣דֶשׁ ה֑וּא וַיַּ֥עַשׂ יְהוֹשֻׁ֖עַ כֵּֽן:" "And the ...
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Brit Avraham commentry on Yalkut Shimoni

Does anyone know if the Brit Avraham commentry on Yalkut Shimoni, Leviticus remez 137 is available online? (First published 1586.)
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The claim that Midrash Genesis Rabbah 35 refers to a virgin birth of the messiah?

I found the following quote in a missionary site: They argue that the rabbies expected the messiah to be without a father,hence he will be born of a virgin!! Supporting their claims by the words of ...
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Jewish sources for Jerome on Daniel 11:34

Jerome, in his commentary on Daniel 11:34, wrote (my translation from a Hebrew translation): "In defeat, they will receive a little help - there are among the Jews that relate this verse to ...
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Why did Noah bring grapevine twigs and shoots of fig trees into the ark?

Rashi in Bereishis (9:20) quotes a Midrash saying ויטע כרם. כְּשֶׁנִּכְנַס לַתֵּבָה הִכְנִיס עִמּוֹ זְמוֹרוֹת וְיִחוּרֵי תְאֵנִים (ב"ר): ויטע כרם AND HE PLANTED A VINEYARD — When he went into ...
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Hadas fruit tastes like tree

The Gemara says that the Hadas branch can be identified since it has a fruit which tastes like the wood. But how do Chazal derive this from the verse "Anaf Etz Avos"? There is no mention of ...
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From where do we get the birthplace of R Nehunia Ben Hakana?

According to Aryeh Kaplan in his introduction to the Bahir, R Nehunia Ben Hakana is from Ammaus (Emmaus). This is also indicated on the Jewish Virtual Encyclopedia and Wikipedia. None of these sources ...
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Where do I find compassionate references to the Angel of Death

The references that I find to the malach hamoves, Angel of Death, in our folklore and tale are largely filled with images of fear and trepidation . Where do I find stories depicting compassion?
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Why will Mashiach do what the Midrash says he will?

In the Pesikta Rabbasi 36, brought in Yalkut Shimoni on Nach 499, it says: שנו רבותינו בשעה שמלך המשיח בא עומד על גג בית המקדש והוא משמיע להם לישראל ואומר ענוים הגיע זמן גאולתכם Our Rabbi's taught, ...
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Names of Ishmael's 1st and 2nd wife

It seems there is a dispute regarding the names of Ishmael's 1st and 2nd wife. According to Pirkei d'Rabbi Eliezer 30:6, Ishmael's first wife is Ayesha עישה from the daughters of Moav. ibid 2nd wife ...
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My father is better than your father

Posting for someone else: The Talmud (Sanhedrin 37a) writes that one reason that Adam was created alone was "so that one person will not say to another: My father, i.e., progenitor, is greater ...
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When was Hevel born?

I just got a copy of The Eternal Link by R. Pinchas Winston and it states (on page 33), "the birth of Cain and Abel actually occurred before the expulsion from the Garden of Eden, not afterwards&...
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Midrash on the sale of the Machpelah Cave

A few days ago I saw in a library book a midrash on the sale of the Machpelah Cave. The midrash detailed the names of the four witnesses who signed their names on the deed. Unfortunately, I returned ...
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Did the Jews speak Lashon Hara while in Egypt

In Vayikra Rabbah 32:5 the Midrash Rabbah is explicit that one of the reasons the Jews were redeemed from exile is because the did not speak Lashon Harah (slander) about each other while they were in ...
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דברה תורה בלשון בני אדם

There is a well-known machlokes among Tanaim if דברה תורה בלשון בני אדם. I want to know if there is a final psak on this machlokes, especially according to Rashi. Does Rashi ever say which way to ...
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Source that we were enslaved in Egypt to bring national unity

I heard in a Shiur that the Medresh says that the reason we were enslaved in Egypt was to bring national unity. Does anyone know where the Medresh says that? Thanks.
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Is there a mention of the 7 Mitzvot deRabanan in the Talmud or Midrash?

Is there a mention of the 7 Mitzvot deRabanan in the Talmud or Midrash? Or does this come from other, later sources?
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Did the Jews share some of the oral Torah's teachings and stories with the gentiles before the the 7th century?

I have found out that some Christians before the 7th century knew and borrowed concepts that are not found in the Tanakh but are found in the midrash, e.g., the story of Abraham and Nimrod, the story ...
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Is there a medrash that says that foxes and fish lived together?

In Brachos 61b there is the famous parable of a fox trying to get the fish do go on the land. As part of the trick, the fox says: וְנָדוּר אֲנִי וְאַתֶּם, כְּשֵׁם שֶׁדָּרוּ אֲבוֹתַי עִם אֲבוֹתֵיכֶם ...
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Can it be that some midrashic literature got lost over time?

Is it possible that some of the material of the old Jewish midrashim (on the different books of the Hebrew Bible) that was written and was available during the Pre-Talmudic era is no longer available?
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To what extent did Jewish tradition of debate influence the development of Classical Liberalism in Europe? [closed]

Judaism has a long tradition of valuing debate. My sense is that it is somewhat singular in this regard. Certainly there is debate within Islam or Christianity, but if I understand correctly, Judaism ...

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