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Questions tagged [midrash]

Exegetical interpretation, often of verses in Tanach. The term also refers to books based on these interpretations, e.g., Midrash Rabba, Midrash Tanchuma, et al.

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Do angels make requests of G-d?

Do angels make any requests of G-d besides praising and thanking Him?
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Haman Hanged on Branch of Eitz HaDaas?

Rav Eytan Feiner mentioned in a shiur that the tree used to hang Haman was the Eitz HaDaas, based on a Midrash. Where is this Midrash located? (I found Esther Rabba 9:2 which discusses it, but can't ...
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Origin of pigs as a species

I heard an explanation about pigs that they were not included in Noah's ark. They were in fact from worms. One ate the other and kept growing. Is there any authentic source for this?
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Animal R'aim of the midrash

I saw in the book, "The midrash says" by Rabbi Moshe Weissman that the Midrash Socher Tov 22 explains that a creature called R'aim that David mistook as a hill, lifted David up into the sky and only ...
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Does Satan have 12 wings?

Someone told me that according to Pirke de Rabbi Eliezer, Satan has 12 wings. Is it true? The tanakh doesn't say anything about Satan's look then where does it come from?
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Does anyone draw a parallel between Haman selling himself to Mordechai and Esav selling the birthright to Yaakov?

There’s a famous Yalkut Shimoni (Nach 1056:18, referenced by Rashi in explaining Megillah 15a), which reads as follows: א"ר חסדא זה בא בפרוזבולי וזה בא בפרוזבוטי, פעם אחת נתן המלך ממון ושגרם בראשי ...
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When was the war in which Haman sold himself to Mordechai?

There’s a famous Yalkut Shimoni (Nach 1056:18, referenced by Rashi in explaining Megillah 15a), which reads as follows: א"ר חסדא זה בא בפרוזבולי וזה בא בפרוזבוטי, פעם אחת נתן המלך ממון ושגרם בראשי ...
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Giving credit where credit is due [duplicate]

-The Talmud says, in two places, "He who reports a saying in the name of its author brings deliverance to the world." [Megillah 15a; Chullin 104b] -The Talmud is very careful to always attribute its ...
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Does the term ha-ruach ha-qadosh occur in the Talmud, Midrash, and other rabbinical literature?

The phrase ruach qadosh ('holy spirit') appears only three times in the Tanakh (Tehillim 51:13, Yeshayahu 63:10 and 11), each time with a possessive adjective ('your,' 'His') and never with a definite ...
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Cloud and pillar of fire to count seven days

Midrash Tehillim 105:9, brought in Yalkut Shimoni § 417 says: חזקיה אמר למה היה משתנה להן מפני הזבין והמצורעין כדי שיהו יודעים אימתי יום ואימתי לילה. Hezkiya said the reason Hashem put a cloud ...
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Could not find this in soncino Bamidbar rabbah

In the march 1986 issue of the jewish observer, they bring bamidbar rabbah 21 which says in the name of Yehoshua ben levi, “Hoshana rabba represents the ultimate downfall of defiant nations, just as ...
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Missing line in Tractate Megillah

At Sefaria there is a kind of commentary on Talmud called ‘Daf Shevui’. Commenting on Meg. 15b the author writes: The Attribute of Justice argues before God—why do you give this reward to righteous ...
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Money spent on Achasverous Party

Many midrashim speaks on the greatness of the money spent by King achasverous in holding the 180 days party. Is there any midrash that speaks on how much exactly did Achasverous spent on the party?
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The 62 Years of Darius/Cyrus, and the 62 Weeks of Daniel

Has ancient or medieval Jewish tradition, spanning from the Talmud to the Shulchan Aruch, ever connected these two passages from the Book of Daniel ? Daniel 5:30-31  In that night was Belshazzar ...
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Midrash Meam loez Purim

We don't have good midrashim books here in our town. Do we have the story of Purim with good midrashim in english on the net?
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If copper mirrors were good, leave them?

Torah (Shemot 38:8) tells us that the Kiyor was built with the copper mirrors brought by women. The Midrash (brought in Rashi ad loc) explain that, at first, Moshe wanted to reject the gifts, but ...
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Did Chazal mention that dragons were real? [closed]

Seeing that "The R”i mi-Lunil describes the drakon (in avoda Zara 42b) as a snake-like creature with wings that belches smoke and fire from its throat – what we would call a dragon", were these ...
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Did Yonah Hanavi destroy Ninveh?

I was reading a book called "Those who Returned" by R Yisrael Klapholtz and He writes that 40 years after the initial story of Yonah, Hashem had Yonah return to Ninveh and destroy it. Is there a ...
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The cloak full of techeiles is the Me'il?-Korach's issue

During the reading of this week's parsha ( Tetzaveh) I noticed that the Me'il is referred to as a cloak complete of techeiles. Then I remembered that Korach had an issue with a beged that was full of ...
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Second person exposition of “toevah”

The Talmud in Nedarim 51a cites in the name of Bar Kappara a (playful? - see previous and subsequent passages for context) derashic interpretation of the word "toevah" (literally translated "...
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What is the midrash about Nadav and Avihu being burned from within?

In a recent study of the part of Sh'mini about Nadav and Avihu bringing aish zarah (alien fire), somebody vaguely recalled a midrash that the fire that killed them entered through their nostrils and ...
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How was Moshe protected by the sand in Egypt?

Moshe does not enact the third plague. Rashi explains that, לֹא הָיָה הֶעָפָר כְּדַאי לִלְקוֹת עַ"יְ מֹשֶׁה, לְפִי שֶׁהֵגֵן עָלָיו כְּשֶׁהָרַג אֶת הַמִּצְרִי וַיִּטְמְנֵהוּ בַּחוֹל, That the dirt ...
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Does the Midrash say we have guardian angels?

The Midrash quotes Rabbi Hama on the story where Jacob wrestled an angel but, not just any ordinary angel, but the guardian of Esau. Needless to say, Maimonides, I think said it was a symbolic ...
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Why did Hashem change Adam’s creation specifically because Chiram declared himself a god?

Bava Basra 75a-b (translation mine, bracketed insertions follow Rashbam ad. loc.): מאי (יחזקאל כח, יג) מלאכת תופיך ונקביך בך אמר רב יהודה אמר רב אמר לו הקדוש ברוך הוא לחירם מלך צור בך נסתכלתי ...
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Three things being handed over Tablets, Torah and the Mitzvah?

HaShem tells Moshe (Shemot 24:12): וְאֶתְּנָה לְךָ אֶת־לֻחֹת הָאֶבֶן וְהַתּוֹרָה וְהַמִּצְוָה אֲשֶׁר כָּתַבְתִּי לְהוֹרֹתָם - And I will give thee the tables of stone, and the Torah and the ...
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Do we apply עושה מעשה עמך consistently anywhere it says עמך?

The Gemara in several places (BM 48b and 62a, Yevamos 22b, Sanhedrin 85a, BB 4a, BK 94b, Makkos 8b) quotes the exposition ונשיא בעמך לא תאור - בעושה מעשה עמך “A prince in your people you shall ...
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How could Yocheved be conceived

Rashi brings the Midrash that Yocheved was born as Yaakov's family arrived in Egypt. They had to migrate due to the devastating famine. Now, Rashi earlier points out that we learn from Yosef that it'...
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What literally was the mark of Cain?

וַיֹּ֧אמֶר ל֣וֹ יְהוָ֗ה לָכֵן֙ כָּל־הֹרֵ֣ג קַ֔יִן שִׁבְעָתַ֖יִם יֻקָּ֑ם וַיָּ֨שֶׂם יְהוָ֤ה לְקַ֙יִן֙ א֔וֹת לְבִלְתִּ֥י הַכּוֹת־אֹת֖וֹ כָּל־מֹצְאֽוֹ׃ (Genesis 4:15) What literally was the mark ...
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What was Chazal's understanding of the cause and purpose of menstruation?

Is there a Jewish midrash, kabala, chasiddut or commentary addressing Chazal's understanding of the cause and purpose of menstruation? Not just that is it a curse, that blood comes out, but with more ...
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Why “your hand” is spelled ידכה instead of ידך?

In שמות יג:טז: "וְהָיָה לְאוֹת עַל־יָדְכָה וּלְטוֹטָפֹת בֵּין עֵינֶיךָ כִּי בְּחֹזֶק יָד הוֹצִיאָנוּ יְהוָה מִמִּצְרָיִם׃" the word ידכה is used. Why is it not spelled ידך?
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Where in the midrash does it state that David told Yisrael that not everyone will be Torah scholars?

I read a reference to this in Eim Habanim Semeichah, ch. 3,לג (though later editions give R’ Yonatan Eybeschutz’s Ahavat Yonatan here as the source; indeed same phraseology), but there's no source ...
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Order of events in parashas Bereishis

BH I am having a lot of trouble understanding the order of the following events: The creation of Man The births of Cain and Hevel The death of Hevel The snake Eating from the ...
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The Vav of Veahavta in the first perek of Shema

What are the explanations of the Vav of Veahavta in the Shema as it comes to add something?
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Bereshit 46:10, Shaul the son of a Cannanite Woman

Bereshit 46:10: וּבְנֵ֣י שִׁמְע֗וֹן יְמוּאֵ֧ל וְיָמִ֛ין וְאֹ֖הַד וְיָכִ֣ין וְצֹ֑חַר וְשָׁא֖וּל בֶּן־הַֽכְּנַעֲנִֽית׃ Simeon’s sons: Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Saul the son of ...
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What happened to Noah's slaves?

According to such commentators or midrashim as say that Noah had slaves that joined him on the ark[1], what happened to them? That is: We hear a lot in the immediately succeeding chapters of Genesis (...
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Reconciling Seder Olam’s account of Ever’s death with the Pesukim

Seder Olam Rabbah 2 says that Ever died when Yaakov left his Yeshiva for Charan. In the previous portions of this paragraph, the Midrash said that Yaakov was 63 when he got the Berachos, and he ...
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Does Midrash HaGadol actually say this?

Footnote 35 on page 395 of William Braude's English translation of Pesikta d'Rav Kahana says, "See MhG Gen., p. 880, where an anonymous teaching characterizes all prophecies predicting redemption as ...
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Sources for receiving blessing through Mitzvot

I am searching for sources for the concept that a Jew keeping the Mitzvot will ultimately bring blessing to / not keeping the Mitzvot will bring destruction to: A) himself/herself B) the Jewish ...
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Tradition-Based Depictions of the Third Temple

Are there any artistic depictions of the third Temple and/or future Jerusalem, available online, that are rooted in traditional descriptions, such as Ezekiel 40-47 and related midrashim?
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Source for Midrash on 8 Stages of Life

Posting for a friend: "Where is the medrash that describes the eight stages of life? I think it refers to the first stage of infancy as being like a king. Thank you!"
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Anyone not redeemed doesn't redeem: what about second-borns?

A father is required to redeem his firstborn son by paying some money to a kohen. A mother is not. The Bavli, Kidushin 29 amud 1, asks, "How do we know she's not commanded?" and answers: [In the ...
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Were Midrashim and Aggadeta transmitted to Moshe on Sinai like the Halachic Torah She'be'al Peh?

The halachic part of the Torah She'be'al Peh was transmitted to Moshe on Sinai along with the written Torah (or in the Ohel Moed afterward). Sifra: How is Shemitta relevant to Mount Sinai? Were ...
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Rashi's reason for juxtaposition of mitzvos insufficient

The Torah (Deuteronomy 22:6-11) describes 5 mitzvos consecutively, seemingly in random order (although the last three are indeed connected): Sending away the mother bird Building a fence on your roof ...
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מפני שיבה תקום - How standing up means honoring?

This question is not about the cultural norms, but about the Tanachic sources for that. The Gemmorah in Kiddushin 32b discusses the subject of honoring the elders. It questions the definition of an ...
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How are we supposed to interpret “Derech eretz kadma l'Torah”?

I'm having a lot of trouble understanding how we should interpret the pseudo-midrash "דרך ארץ קדמה לתורה", ~~ "Derech eretz should come before Torah." The actual text of the midrashic source is: ...
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Can the Midrash be included in “Talmud Yerushalmi”

When saying or writing "Talmud Yerushalmi" can this include (or refer to) the Midrash For example. In the Tanya (Chabad) chapter 37 it says ובכל תלמוד ירושלמי היא נקראת בשם מצוה סתם But it was ...
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Gad and Reuven exiled eight years before everyone else

Bamidbar Rabbah 22:7, Eichah Rabbah Pesikta 5, Midrash Tanchumah Mattos 4, Tanchumah Yashan Mattos 8 all point out that the tribes of Gad and Reuven, because they chose to live outside the land of ...
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How does Hashem relate to the bitachon (faith) of a wicked person?

Chovos Halevavos - Shaar Habitachon Chapter 3 - חובות הלבבות שער הביטחון פרק שלישי מי שיבטח על הבורא והוא ממרה אותו, כמה הוא סכל וכמה דעתו חלושה והכרתו! כי הוא רואה כי מי שנתמנה לו מבני אדם על דבר, ...
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Did Aaron have daughters?

We are reading this Shabat parshat Pinchas. In this parsha the Torah mentioned the daughters of Tzelofchad as follows: וצלפחד בן חפר לא היו לו בנים כי אם בנות ושם בנות צלפחד מחלה ונעה חגלה מלכה ...
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Why miracle of no blood dripping on Pinchas, if Zimri and Kozbi were still still alive?

The Midrashim [Bamidbar] Rabbah and Tanchumah, and the Targum Yonasan Ben Uziel write that When Pinchas killed zimri and Kozbi many miracles took place. Two of the miracles are listed as follows: ...