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Questions tagged [maseches-sanhedrin]

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Do non-Jews have the same value as Jews? [duplicate]

In Gemara of Sanhedrin on daf 74a it discusses a famous Jewish thought that one can not value himself over another. As it says: רוצח גופיה מנא לן סברא הוא דההוא דאתא לקמיה דרבה ואמר ליה אמר לי מרי ...
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Are observant Jews of today are more pious than observant Jews of the Sanhedrin period?

Allow me to explain the logic of the question: During the time of the Sanhedrin, a Jew could be put to death for not following the law. While it was certainly enforced for things like murder, it ...
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“Worship idols or I kill another Jew” - what should one do?

The Halacha is that one may not serve Avodah Zarah even on pain of death (Sanhedrin 74a). I was staying by a family for Shabbos, and their 11-year-old son asked a genius question. What happens if ...
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What happens if one isn’t sure if ten Jews are watching? [duplicate]

The Gemara (Sanhedrin 74a-b) rules that if ten Jews are present when a non-Jew threatens a Jew to perform any sin - even to dress like a non-Jew - on pain of death, the Jew is obligated to give up his ...
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What is considered religious persecution vis-a-vis giving up one’s life?

According to an alternate reading of Sanhedrin 74a cited by Mesoras HaShas §20 ad. loc., in a time of religious persecution, one must give up his life even for a “light mitzvah.” The Gemara 74b ...
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Why is one obligated to give up one’s life for all mitzvos only with a decree against Judaism and not just persecution?

Sanhedrin 74a quotes R’ Yochanan as saying that one is obligated to give up his life even for a minor mitzvah in a period of Gezeiras HaMalchus - a decree of the king. Rashi (DH v’afilu mitzvah kala) ...
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What are the parameters of the prohibition against a non-Jew learning Torah?

The Gemara (Sanhedrin 58a) declared that a non-Jew is liable to death for learning Torah (at least the parts not relevant to him practically). If you read the passuk תורה צוה לנו משה מורשה literally, “...
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Is Mashiach going to come in Nissan/Tishrei, or can he come at any time?

The Gemara in Rosh HaShanah 10b-11a says: תניא רבי אליעזר אומר בתשרי נברא העולם בתשרי נולדו אבות בתשרי מתו אבות בפסח נולד יצחק בראש השנה נפקדה שרה רחל וחנה בראש השנה יצא יוסף מבית האסורין בר"ה בטלה ...
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Was the Sanhedrin open to the public?

Besides the 3x23 rows of the students, were the Sanhedrin meetings open to the public as a rule?
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Fitting the Sanhedrin (150) into Lishkat Hagazit (10x15 feet chamber)?

Here's the Tifferes Isroel's plan of the Temple drown to scale (on the bottom), which aligns with the plan of the Second Temple on the WIKI, According to those plans, the size of the whole Lishkat ...
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Exact wording to commit to death penalty

To incriminate a person for a capital sin requires a warning, to distinguish between intentional and unintentional transgression (שוגג או מזיד, Makot 6). A person should be warned that the action he ...
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Why didn't King Shlomo get lashes for marrying more than 18 wives?

It states in the 364th prohibition that a king is forbidden from having too many wives. The limit is that he may not have more than 18 wives legally bound by kesubah and kiddushin. The ...
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Sanhedrin 108b: What type of bird is the tushlami?

The Gemara in Sanhedrin 108b says the following: (Source from Sefaria.org) (בראשית ו, יב) כי השחית כל בשר את דרכו על הארץ א"ר יוחנן מלמד שהרביעו בהמה על חיה וחיה על בהמה והכל על אדם ואדם על הכל א"...
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How far do we take the principle of “so that the daughters of Israel not be promiscuous toward immorality”?

The Gemara (Sanhedrin 75a) discusses a case of a man who became so lovesick for a woman that he fell deathly ill. The Chachamim said it would be better to let him die than to be intimate with her, and ...
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Is there a principle as “so that the sons of Israel not be promiscuous toward immorality”?

The Gemara (Sanhedrin 75a) discusses a case of a man who became so lovesick for a woman that he fell deathly ill. The Chachamim said it would be better to let him die than to be intimate with her, and ...
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How Sanhedrin was possible if there was no agreement about the juridical procedures?

Learning the [beginning of the] Sanhedrin tractate is difficult for me to see the never-ending disagreements between the Tannoyim and/or Ammoroyim (any combination) about the very procedure of ...
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Does the defendant give his testimony in Nefoshos trials?

The Gemmorah dedicates pages for discussing interrogation of witnesses in Nefoshos trials (NOT MAMONOS, NOT ISHUS), but I don't recall a discussion about the testimony of the defendant. Although the ...
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Egel Hazahav and idolatry: Ramban vs Rashi

Shemot 32:1 says When the people saw that Moses was so long in coming down from the mountain, the people gathered against Aaron and said to him, “Come, make us a god who shall go before us, for ...
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Was Adam allowed to eat the meat of an animal which he did not kill?

The Gemara in SANHEDRIN 59b says: אמר רב יהודה אמר רב אדם הראשון לא הותר לו בשר לאכילה דכתיב (בראשית א, כט) לכם יהיה לאכלה ולכל חית הארץ ולא חית הארץ לכם § Rav Yehuda says that Rav says: Meat was ...
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Who is Queen Cleopatra in Sanhedrin 90b?

The Gemara in Sanhedrin 90b relates: (Source from Sefaria.org) (Partial Quote) .....שאלה קליאופטרא מלכתא את ר"מ Queen Cleopatra asked Rabbi Meir..... My Question: What Queen Cleopatra was ...
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“Do this sin or I’ll kill your family” [duplicate]

Generally speaking, if Reuven tells Shimon to violate a mitzvah on pain of death, Shimon may - possibly must - violate it. Let’s say that Reuven comes to Shimon and says that if he doesn’t violate a ...
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Sanhedrin/Makkot - One masechta?

I remember hearing that originally Sanhedrin and Makkot formed one masechta. This is also mentioned by Wikipedia (without citation) [Sanhedrin] originally formed one tractate with Makkot, which ...
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Did the entire generation of the wilderness lose their Olam Haba

What does the Gemara mean when it says (Sanhedrin 108), The generation of the wilderness have no share in the future world and will not stand at the [last] judgement, as it is written in this ...
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1answer
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Sorcerers, wizards, warlocks… what are the differences?

The mishna in Sanhedrin 53a lists, among those subject to stoning: a necromancer -- בעל אוב a wizard (Soncino translation) or sorcerer (Sefaria) -- ידעוני a sorcerer (Soncino) or warlock (Sefaria) --...
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How did the talmud's description of stoning work in practice?

I am trying to understand the description of stoning given in Sanhedrin 45a (starting here). To summarize: They take the condemned to a place that is twice a man's height, the first witness pushes ...
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Why the Sanhedrin has a greek name?

This bothers me since a long time. The biggest Jewish halachic authority, arguably, the peak of the Torah world which can be ever imagined, which has its most basic definitions in the Chumash (70 ...
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Is v'chai bahem a mitzvah?

The passuk says one should "do the mitzvos to live by them" (Vayikra 18:5), from which the Gemara (Sanhedrin 74a) learns that one, in general, must violate the mitzvos rather than die. Is this a ...
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Why must one give up his life to avoid idolatry, according to Rashi?

The Gemara (Sanhedrin 74a) derives that one must give up his life to avoid idolatry from the passuk in Va'Eschanan (Devarim 6:5): ואהבת את ה׳ אלקיך ... בכל נפשך You should love HaShem your G-...
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Whose life comes first? Apparently contradictory Rabbinical statements

There seem to be two contradictory statements of the Rabbis. One is: Sanhedrin 74a מי יימר דדמא דידך סומק טפי דילמא דמא דההוא גברא סומק טפי who knows whether your blood is redder than his ...
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Does the Midrash imply that one should give up his life for “smaller” mitzvos?

The Midrash (Bamidbar Rabbah 14:6) expounds the Pesukim in Koheles (8:2-3): Based on several incidents, the Midrash interprets "ani" as indicating that one's awe should be over you. Thus, "Ani, the ...
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Paskening Shlomo out of Shamayim?

R' Yehudah tells us in the name of Shmuel (Sanhedrin 104b) that the Anshei Kenesses HaGedolah wanted to include Shlomo HaMelech on the list of kings who lost their portion of Olam Haba. An image of ...
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Why does the Gemara go through each death penalty?

The Gemara Sanhedrin 50a writes the order of the death penalties. It starts with Stoning, proving that Stoning is more severe than any other form of death penalty. Then it moves to Burning, proving ...
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what are Sifrei Minim today?

in Sanhedrin 100b: Rabbi Akivah says "Even one who reads foreign Seforim (has no chelek in Olam Haba)". Beraitha there "He refers to Sifrei Tzedukim" (or "Sifrei Minim" according to all of the old, ...
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If Adam had eaten sooner, would he have survived?

According to Avos d'Rebbe Nassan 1:8 and Sanhedrin 38b, Adam was brought into Gan Eden in the ninth hour, was commanded not to eat in the tenth hour, ate in the eleventh hour, and was kicked out in ...
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1answer
153 views

Foreign gods names without intention?

It is forbidden to say foreign gods names or even to cause other to say them (see Shemot 23, 13 and Sanhedrin 63b). What about saying the word without intention for a deity? For example, (1) a lot ...
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How is Peshara done?

The Gemara in the first chapter of Sanhedrin discusses the concept of Din ("justice") and Pshara ("compromise"). How Din works is simple. Look up Choshen Mishpat and apply the rules. But how is ...
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Is there any possibility for the Sanhedrin to reform, the temple to be rebuilt, and sacrifices to continue?

Ever since the destruction of the second temple and the Jewish diaspora, Judaism seems to be somewhat crippled. There's all these commands in the Torah for sacrifices to be carried out in the temple ...
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Pekuach nefesh and punishment

The Sanhedrin is in place. There is a plague going round and only one doctor has the skills to cure it. Unfortunately, this doctor is a wanton desecrator of Shabbos and has violated it in the ...
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Sanhedrin 6:6 - Halacha or common practice?

The Mishna in Sanhedrin 6:6 speaks about after a Sanhedrin kills a someone who is liable the death penalty: והקרובים באים ושואלין בשלום הדיינים. ובשלום העדים. כלומר שאין בלבנו עליכם כלום. שדין אמת ...
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Seeking Table of Contents for Steinsalz English Edition of the Talmud

I would like to know which of the several volumes of the Steinsaltz English version of Talmud Masecta Sanhedrin includes pages 72-80. I had not been able to find this information on the web. The ...
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Siyum of Bava Kama/Metzia/Basra or Sanhedrin/Makkos

I have been told that originally, Bava Kama, Bava Metzia and Bava Basra were one masechta called Maseches Nezikin and that Makkos was part of Maseches Sanhedrin. A siyum of a masechta of Gemora is ...
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Creating things with the Sefer Yetzira?

According to the Talmud (sanhedrin 65b), the Rabbis of the Talmud used the system of the sefer yetzira to miraculously create a calf every friday and eat it on the Sabbath. Rabbi Avraham Azoulai ...
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Returning Lost Property to a Gentile

Why is it forbidden to return lost property to a non-Jew? Its been a while since I learnt the discussion about hashovas aveido (returning lost property) in Baba Metzia; but I just learnt Sanhedrin ...
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What did the haircut of Ben Elasha look like?

The Gemara in Sanhedrin 22b states: (Source from Sefaria.org) :שאלו את רבי איזהו תספורת של כ"ג אמר להן צאו וראו מתספורת של בן אלעשה They asked Rebbe "What is the haircut of the Kohen Gadol?" ...
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How could laws related to “private life” be enforceable in Ancient Israel?

Obviously, mitzvot that are broken publicly, or that are found out carried with them enforceable punishments -- such as execution for murder or adultery, or retribution for theft or usury. However, my ...
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Hashem's Curse to the Nachash

The Midrash (Bereishis Rabbah 20:2) notes that Hashem asked Adam why he ate the fruit, and he answered it was because Chavah told him it was good, and he succumbed. He then asked Chavah why she ate, ...
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“Anyone who saves a life is as if he saved an entire world”: Jewish life or any life?

I am puzzled by the Mishnah's original text of the famous Jewish idea that "whoever saves one life [...] saves an entire world" (Sanhedrin 4:5). The English from sefaria.org reads thus: "It was for ...
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Tosafos Amud in Sanhedrin?

I heard that there was an Amud in Sanhedrin that's almost entirely a Tosafos. I've heard stories about Gedolim on this Amud and I wanted to see the Amud for myself. What is this Amud?
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How do we know that Zimri was the same person as Shlumiel ben Tzurishaddai?

Sanhedrin 82b says that Zimri is the same person as Shlumiel ben Tzurishaddai, and that Zimri is simply a derogatory nickname. But in the passuk that identifies him, he is described as "נשיא בית אב ...
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Wall ball in the Talmud

In Sanhedrin (77b) the gemara discusses a case of "Wall Ball" throwing a ball at a wall, the ball bouces back and if the other player catches the ball, he tries to peg the original thrower (Rashi). ...