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Questions tagged [maseches-sanhedrin]

The fourth tractate in the Order of Nezikin, focusing primarily on questions of jurisdiction, criminal law and punishments

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Does the Sanhedrin of 23 have any involvement whatsoever in judging damages? (financial disputes)

It seemed from reading Mishnayot Sanhedrin that the court of 3 was in charge of damages. They said 71 was for declaring war. 23 seemed to judge cases of non-financial disputes (death penalty if I ...
zunior's user avatar
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Is this Zohar misquoting a Gemara?

The Tikkunei Hazohar says in daf 1B: זַכָּאָה אִיהוּ מָארֵי מְתִיבְתָּא מָארֵי מֶדְרָשׁ מָארֵי תוֹרָה, דְּגַם צִפּוֹר מָצְאָה בַיִת (תהלים פד ד), בַּיִת דְּנִשְׁמָעִין בֵּיהּ פִּתְגָמֵי אוֹרַיְיתָא, ...
Eli's user avatar
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Is a court of 3 that has complete authority to judge damages called by the name a "Sanhedrin"?

The Mishna in Sanhedrin disscuses a court of three being sufficient to judge damages. However it does not say the name of this court. Is this court named a בית דין or is this court named a סנהדרין. ...
zunior's user avatar
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Is it forbidden דרבנן to withhold the wages of a gentile labourer?

The Gemora in Sanhedrin 57a states: אלא אמר רב אחא בריה דרב איקא לא נצרכה אלא לכובש שכר שכיר כותי בכותי וכותי בישראל אסור ישראל בכותי מותר Rather, Rav Aḥa, son of Rav Ika, says that there is a ...
Joshua Pearl's user avatar
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Was a "rebellious son" ever executed?

The Torah tells us that a rebellious son (בֵּ֚ן סוֹרֵ֣ר וּמוֹרֶ֔ה) must be put to death. [Deuteronomy 21:18-21] The Talmud [Sanhedrin 71a] says: "This never happened and never will." But ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
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1 answer
97 views

Why are the descendants of Hurdus still considered to be slaves according to Shmuel?

In Maseches Kiddushin 70b it seems that Shmuel held that Hurdus and his descendants had the status of slaves, but in Gittin 38a it seems that according to Shmuel, if the master gives up on retrieving ...
User123's user avatar
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Nora alila al bnei adam

I am digging into finding info on the concept of 'Nora alila al bnei adam'. There seems to be a gemara out there that is connected to this topic and how it somehow relates to the sin of the golden ...
Mars Sojourner's user avatar
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Does the Rashi on Sanhedrin 98a really mean that the state of Israel is going to be conquered?

On Sefaria the translation of Sanhedrin 98a:6 introduces a zionist interpretation which is not in the original language of the text. אמר רבי חמא בר חנינא אין בן דוד בא עד שתכלה מלכות הזלה מישראל ...
James Read's user avatar
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81 views

How is it possible to suggest that Moshiach must be alive when there is a clear Gemarah debating that

I saw a conversation on Mi Yodeya, questioning if one who believes the Rebbe to be moshiach is a heretic. The main basis of the argument was that Moshiach must be alive. However, there is a clear ...
Motti Abenaim's user avatar
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The parallel of 6000 years and the six days of creation

I have read in the Yalkut Biurim-section of the Mesivta Gemara Sanhedrin (p. 98 of the Yalkut Biurim), that the six days of creation are intertwined with the teaching that the world will exist for ...
Shmuel's user avatar
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Can someone explain this verse from Sanhedrin 54b?

I am a little confused as to understanding this gemarah. לא עשו בו קטן כגדול אמר רב לא עשו ביאת פחות מבן תשע שנים כבן תשע שנים ושמואל אמר לא עשו ביאת פחות מבן שלש שנים כבן שלש שנים The Gemara asks: ...
HaLevi's user avatar
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Why did only Pinchas (know how to) respond?

The Torah relates the story of Pinchas, who, after seeing Zimri committing an act of immorality, in front of the leaders of B'nei Yisrael, took initiative and took action. The Torah says: And, behold,...
Shmuel's user avatar
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Pinchas and the continuing atonement

The Gemara in Sanhedrin 82b interprets the posuk in Bamidbar 25:13 to mean that the atonement Pinchas facilitated, is worthy of continuing to atone forever The Holy One, Blessed be He, said to Moses: ...
Shmuel's user avatar
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Moshiach will come unexpectedly

The Gemara teaches us that three things come בהיסח הדעת - unexpectedly. One of these three is Moshiach. This is as in that practice of Rabbi Zeira, who, when he would find Sages who were engaging in ...
Shmuel's user avatar
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Why kill a Ben sorrer umoreh for stealing according to the Gemara?

In Masechet Sanhedrin daf 72a, the Gemara discusses that the Ben sorrer umoreh is judged on his Sofo, that eventually he’ll steal from his father and then come to steal from others, and because of ...
Curious Yid's user avatar
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Is there a Midrash around Rashi's claim of Terah's forefathers being from Canaan?

Rashi's commentary on Tractate Sanhedrin 44b implies that Terah and his forefathers originated from Canaan. He references the mention of 'your Amorite father' - presumably citing Ezek 16:3 - 'Thus ...
ANH's user avatar
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Why is the last chapter in Sanhedrin called חלק?

It is known that each chapter in shas has a name comprising of the first few words in the masechet (for example יְצִיאוֹת הַשַּׁבָּת, הַמְקַנֵּא etc). My question is regarding the last chapter (...
Avishai Tebeka's user avatar
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Refuting Sanhedrin Maimonides etc on 57a

Following on from my question here: Clarification on quotation sources around Sanhedrin 57a All citations (that I can find through Jewish resources linked in the original question) that claim to ...
ANH's user avatar
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Clarification on quotation sources around Sanhedrin 57a

Much like in the case of these questions, I've run into some troublesome reading in Talmudic and other Jewish literature: Missionary gave me these Talmudic quotes; Does it prove that Goyim are viewed ...
ANH's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
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Can a golem become human?

If a righteous sage creates a golem, like Rava did in Tractate Sanhedrin, can it become human, and since it is created by a Jew, can it become Jewish? Secondly, I don't know if they could or could not,...
ShipBuilding's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
141 views

"Torah scholars decrease" - what does the Gemara teaches us?

There is a principle that the redemption only comes after a series of severe troubles (see: אוצרות הרב יצחק אברבנאל, p. 124) יש לדעת כי הגאולה הרוממה באה רק אחרי רצף של צרות קשות One of these ...
Shmuel's user avatar
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Righteous men in the Ir ha-nidachat

Rambam, in Hilchot Avodah Zarah 4:6, dealing with the subverted city, covers several scenarios: If a minority of the city consists of idol-worshippers, they’re stoned and that’s it. If a majority of ...
Zarka's user avatar
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7 votes
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Why didn't the Sages also subdue the inclination for murder?

The Talmud, on Sanhedrin 64a recounts how the Sages subdued and imprisoned the evil inclination for idolatry and then subdued and injured the evil inclination for sexual immorality. Those are two of ...
Isaac Moses's user avatar
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What was the Halacha before the ruling of "יהרג ואל יעבר"?

The Sages counted the votes and concluded: If a person is told: Transgress this prohibition and you will not be killed, he may transgress, except for idol worship, forbidden sexual relations, and ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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2 answers
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Question on the connection of the braitot in Sanhedrin 32b

In Bavli Sanhedrin 32b it says: "The Sages taught: The verse states: “Justice, justice, shall you follow.” This teaches that one should follow the best, most prestigious, court of the generation....
Harel13's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
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Why will the Galilee be destroyed? - Sanhedrin 97a

The Gemara teaches us that in the generation when Moshiach comes, the Galilee will be destroyed (Sanhedrin 97a): During the generation that the son of David comes, the hall of the assembly of the ...
Shmuel's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
542 views

Spared from the pains of the birthpangs of Moshiach

I am looking for some explanations given by modern commentators on the following question: The question is: why does studying Torah protects a person against the pains of the birthpangs of Moshiach? ...
Shmuel's user avatar
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1 answer
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Sefer אפיקי מים on Sanhedrin 97a

There's a sefer called אפיקי מים where it comments on Sanhedrin 97a, on the following: ת"ר שבוע שבן דוד בא בו שנה ראשונה מתקיים מקרא זה (עמוס ד, ז) והמטרתי על עיר אחת ועל עיר אחת לא אמטיר שניה ...
Shmuel's user avatar
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4 votes
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How to understand the Ruzhiner's understanding on Noach's righteousness

So a family member sent me a very nice idea on Parshas Noach from the Ruzhiner Rebbe. The text reads as follows: Noach was a righteous man, he was perfect in his generation (Bereishis 6:9) - there ...
Dov's user avatar
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13 votes
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How can we reconcile the Gemara saying that Daniel was NOT a Navi, with all the Obvious (Very Intense) Prophecies of Daniel written in Sefer Daniel?

In Perek Hachelek in Sandhedrin the Gemara says that Chanania, Mishael and Azariah were Neviem, but their friend Daniel (Seemingly the Most Important and Impressive Figure- due to his Prophecies and ...
Sochacz's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
939 views

Hillel was a student of Ezra?

Sanhedrin 11a says: אמרו עליו הי חסיד הי עניו תלמידו של עזרא How could Hillel have been a disciple of Ezra? Didn't Ezra die several generations before Hillel was even born?
Yosef's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why did the Jewish sages understand "Daniel 7:13" as the coming of the Messiah, and not the Messiah's ascension to "God" in heaven?

The term "The Ancient of Days" appears three times in the Book of Daniel and is used in the sense of God being eternal. "I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of ...
capri reds's user avatar
-2 votes
1 answer
127 views

שכבת זרע and the purification of the world

In Sanhedrin 108b:3, it says: אמר רב חסדא ברותחין קלקלו בעבירה וברותחין נידונו Rav Ḥisda says: With hot semen they sinned, and with hot semen they were punished. In Torah Ohr 8c-d, the Alter Rebbe ...
Shalom Meisels's user avatar
7 votes
1 answer
418 views

Rabbi Moshe Feinstein member of Sanhedrin

On page 198 of "Reb Moshe" published by Artscroll, it is told of Reb Moshe that he "needed a cardiac pacemaker inserted in his chest....Reb Moshe said, 'I know that I am not worthy to ...
aosihdofi's user avatar
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0 answers
47 views

Hadasim: Righteous or not?

The Midrash (Vayikra Rabba 30:12) says Hadasim refer to Jews who have good deeds but lack Torah: וַעֲנַף עֵץ עָבֹת, אֵלּוּ יִשְׂרָאֵל, מָה הֲדַס יֵשׁ בּוֹ רֵיחַ וְאֵין בּוֹ טַעַם, כָּךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל ...
NJM's user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
562 views

Are Jews responsible only for one another or for the whole world?

The Talmud teaches that All Jews are responsible for one another -- כל ישראל ערבים זה בזה . [Sanhedrin 27b]. It also teaches that Anyone who can protest [the sinful conduct] of the members of his ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
269 views

Non Jew and Torah Study

"Rabbi Meir would say: ‘From where is it derived that even a non-Jew who engages in Torah study is considered like a High Priest? It is derived from that which is stated: “[You shall therefore ...
Fernanda Tavares's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
160 views

Migdal Bavel during the times of the Gemara?

In the Gemara Sanhedrin 109a, it states R. Yonatan said: A third of the tower was burnt, a third sunk, and a third is still standing. Rav said: The atmosphere of the tower causes forgetfulness. ...
KapinKrunch's user avatar
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1 answer
203 views

Mashiach in physical form? [duplicate]

I have just watched a "Stump the Rabbi" video about whether mashiach is actually a physical person. Rabbi Shloma Majeski states that mashiach can even be someone that has passed away, and especially ...
Majobri's user avatar
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Benefitting from desecrated tombstones

We learn in Sanhedrin 48a: ת"ש נפש שבנאו לשם חי מותר בהנאה הוסיף בו דימוס אחד לשם מת אסור בהנאה הכא במאי עסקינן דרמא ביה מת Come and hear! A tomb built for a man still alive, may be used. If, ...
Kazi bácsi's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
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How did the altar indicate that the sons of Shaul were to be killed?

In Yerushalmi Sanhedrin 6:7 (also found in bYevamot 79a with an alternate girsa) King David uses the altar to indicate which of Shaul's son's should be given over to the Gibeonim. אמר להן הריני ...
rikitikitembo's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
625 views

Why would the Jewish sages, in Talmud Sanhedrin 98b, link the name of the Messiah to Isaiah 53:4?

Why would the Jewish sages (who don't believe that the messiah will suffer and die), in Talmud Sanhedrin 98b, link the name of the Messiah to Isaiah 53:4, where the context talked about someone that ...
capri reds's user avatar
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

A rebellious elder is executed on the festival? How does that work?

The mishna in Sanhedrin 11:4 says that the rebellious elder is not executed by his local court but is instead taken to Yerushalayim and executed on the next festival in front of all the people. ...
Monica Cellio's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
97 views

Why does the mishna assume blind parents can't identify their son?

Sanhedrin 8:4 lists a bunch of things that can prevent parents from declaring their son a ben sorer umoreh, a stubborn and rebellious son. These include lame parents (because they cannot bring him ...
Monica Cellio's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
567 views

How many sin-offerings are due for one who (unintentionally) sleeps with his mother while she's married to his father?

Sanhedrin 7:4 lists several types of transgressor who are stoned, and then talks about some unintentional sexual transgressions: הַבָּא עַל הָאֵם, חַיָּב עָלֶיהָ מִשּׁוּם אֵם וּמִשּׁוּם אֵשֶׁת אָב. ...
Monica Cellio's user avatar
6 votes
0 answers
77 views

How do we know that one must give up his life for any immoral relationship?

Sanhedrin 74a teaches that one must give up his life rather than be intimate with a forbidden relationship. It derives this from Devarim 22:26, in the context of a man who raped a young woman: ...
DonielF's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
86 views

Why is וחי בהם taught in the context of one of its exceptions?

Yoma 85b expounds from Vayikra 18:5 that one should violate mitzvos if the other option is death. Sanhedrin 74a gives three major exceptions to this rule: idolatry, immorality, and murder. Now, let's ...
DonielF's user avatar
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6 votes
1 answer
123 views

Why do the sages care if the condemned continues to deny his guilt to the end?

The mishna in Sanhedrin 6:2 explains how, when the condemned is being led out to be executed, they urge him to confess so he can have a portion in the world to come. This mishna ends: רַבִּי ...
Monica Cellio's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
450 views

Why does a "hung jury" have to go through the motions of persuading someone to change his vote, instead of just acquitting?

In a capital case, a verdict to condemn must be by a majority of at least two. If the sanhedrin votes 12-11 to condemn they add a pair of judges and vote again, and keep doing this until they reach ...
Monica Cellio's user avatar
12 votes
1 answer
454 views

Why is the talmud concerned about judges being swayed by each other only for capital cases?

Sanhedrin 4:2 teaches that in a monetary case or one involving (im)purity, judges give their opinions starting with the most senior, while in a capital case they begin with the most junior. In the g'...
Monica Cellio's user avatar