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Questions tagged [maseches-gitin]

tractate of talmud dealing with the laws of divorce

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Why does Rashi translate בירה differently in different places?

In some places, Rashi translates בירה as a "מגדל [גדול]‏", a "[large] tower" (Bava Kamma 61b, Taanis 16a). In other places he translates it as a "בית גדול", a "large house" (Bava Kamma 22a, Gittin ...
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Why is “marriage effective contingent upon the approval of the Sages”?

In Gittin 33a, Kesuvos 3a we learn that Rabbanan have the power to uproot a kiddushin because: כל דמקדש אדעתא דרבנן מקדש ואפקעינהו רבנן לקידושין מיניה When a man betroths a woman, he does so ...
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812 views

What is a “halachic annulment” of a marriage and when is it employed?

I’m stunned that this question wasn’t previously asked. The Gemara (Gittin 33a) discusses the concept of כל דמקדש אדעתא דרבנן מקדש - anyone who marries does so with the consent of the Rabbis. As ...
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Can a husband divorce his wife while maintaining financial relations with her?

The passuk (Devarim 24:1,3) describes a get as a ספר כריתות, a “book of separation.” To that end, Chazal derive that a get must completely separate between them. A classic example of this is that a ...
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143 views

Divorce by phone?

If a man calls his rabbi with instructions to give his wife a get, is the get valid? Does the husband have to appear in person before a bet din? On 9/11, I remember reading about a man who did ...
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1answer
80 views

Is “Darchei Shalom” to Gentiles an obligation or just “good policy”?

Talmud Bavli Gittin 61a state 3 actions that we should perform for Gentiles in the "manner" that we do these for Jews: supporting them, financially visiting them if they're ill burying their dead ...
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64 views

Who was Yalta's father?

In Gittin 67b Yalta is identified by Rashi as the daughter of the Nasi/Exilarch. Since she was married to the 3rd generation Babylonian Amora Rav Nachman (as per brachot 51b) I assume she was born ...
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80 views

Reciting Scripture Orally

The Talmud (Gittin 60b) states that the Written Law may not be recited orally: דברים שבכתב אי אתה רשאי לאומרן על פה This is cited as authoritative law, by Rambam in Hilkhot Tefillah (12:8). Are ...
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129 views

Question on Rashi Gittin 90a and 90b

The mishnah in Gittin daf צ amud א (last daf) lists different positions rabbis hold about when a man can/should divorce his wife. Beit Shammai seems to be the most restrictive and says only if the ...
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why is a half `Eved` not freed automatically

The Mishnah in Gittin debates a situation of a slave (Eved Cna'ani) of two masters that one of the masters frees him, this turns him into a half freed man (and Jewish) and half slave (and not Jewish?!...
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Is the number of Jews killed during the Babylonian exile according to Gittin literally true?

Since the only authoritative sources of information, in this case, seem to be the Jewish Scriptures, can you help understand them? ... in this valley Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard killed ...
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1answer
653 views

Why does Nero convert to Judaism in folio 56a in tractate Gittin in the Babylon Talmud?

In the Gittin tractate, folio 56a (focusing on the destruction of Jerusalem), it briefly mentions Nero: "He [the Emperor] sent against them Nero the Caesar. As he was coming he shot an arrow ...
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Question on Rashi in Gittin 76

The Gemara Gittin 76, in a discussion of conditional divorces, says (transation from Soncino): Our Rabbis taught: If a man said to his wife in the presence of two witnesses, 'Here is your Get, on ...
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Why did Naphtali name his first son Yachtzeal (יַחֲצִיאֵל)?

Why did Naphtali name his first son Yachtzeal (יַחֲצִיאֵל)? The name is mentioned (as יַחְצְאֵל) in Bereishis 46:24 and Bamidbar 26:48, and (as יַחֲצִיאֵל) in Divrei Hayomim I 7:13, but is there any ...
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Why is beautification essential for a sefer torah?

The gemara in Gitin 54b declares worthless a Torah scroll that had all the Tetragrammatons rewritten because it ends up looking menumar (spotted), apparently because this would be a violation of "ze ...
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1answer
94 views

Should all white wine be avoided in accordance with the Talmudic suggestion to avoid “white tilia wine”?

The Gemara in Gittin 70a says: Mar 'Ukba said: If a man drinks white tilia, he will be subject to debility. R`Hisda said: There are sixty kinds of wine; the best of all is red fragrant wine, the ...
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1answer
119 views

What is the אדר plant, according to Rashi?

A friend of mine (Hi, Yoel!) pointed out a possible discrepancy in Rashi's comments on the Talmud. On Beitzah 15b, Rashi opines (sv ופירותיה משתמרין) that אדר is a grass (עשב), against the more ...
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579 views

Does G-d want intermarried couples to divorce?

Does G-d want intermarried couples to divorce? I don't want to provide too much explanation, but rather leave it open-ended. I will ask those who post answers to consider a broad range of cases, ...
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What is the case of “ishus”? (Gittin 83a)

The gemara discusses various ways to disprove the opinion of Rabbi Eliezer, that גירושי חוץ/גירושין על מנת (either a divorce that does not work for one person, or a divorce that's made on condition ...
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First Rights for Kohanim

The Gemara Gittin 59b states that there's a Biblical command to respect Kohanim by giving them 'first rights': תנא דבי רבי ישמעאל וקדשתו לכל דבר שבקדושה לפתוח ראשון ולברך ראשון וליטול מנה יפה ראשון ...
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What does the Ritva hold about טלי קידושיך מעל גבי קרקע?

The case of "טלי גיטיך מעל גבי קרקע" (where the husband told his wife to pick up her גט [divorce document], rather than handing it to her directly) is an invalid divorce (רבא, Gittin 24a). The ...
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Rabi Yochanan Ben Zakai, or Josephus?

Josephus in Wars 3. 8. 9. records a story of how he meets Vespasian, tells him that he will become ruler, and Titus will take over his position. Vespasian, although sceptical at first eventually ...
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1answer
88 views

Does the “mezakeh” need to know that he's using “zachin,” for it to work?

There's a Talmudic concept known as "זכין לאדם שלא בפניו," that one can acquire something on behalf of another, even if that other person does not know that this is happening, so long as it's a זכות, ...
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1answer
64 views

Can I notarize a document?

According to the gemara (bottom of Gittin 11a), you need to be "אפיצן" to documents in order for them to be considered valid, in order to be a "שטר שאינו יכול לזייף," a document that cannot be proven ...
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1answer
66 views

How long is לאלתר?

In the mishna on Gitin 27a, the rule is that if someone delivers a get (bill of divorce) from another country, loses it, and finds it again, should not deliver it to the woman unless he either finds ...
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68 views

Beis HaMikdosh and Shechinah

I heard some mention the Gemara in Gittin which says that Titus y"m went into the קודש הקדשים with a harlot. He slashed the curtains, opened a sefer torah and had relations with the harlot. The Jews ...
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Why did R' Yochanan ben Zakkai ask for multiple things?

In Gittin 56b there is a conversation between Vespasian and R' Yochanan ben Zakkai. Vespasian offers to grant a wish of R' Yochanan's אלא בעי מינאי מידי דאתן לך R' Yochanan proceeds to ask for 3 ...
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2answers
137 views

Idolatrous Courts of Judah's Kings

The Talmud in Gittin 88a says that Israel was only destroyed once it had seven courts that worshiped idols. It proceeds to list seven different Northern Kings. Rashi explains that the Kings of Judah ...
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Order of Idolatrous Kings' Courts

The Talmud in Gittin 88a says that Israel was only destroyed once it had seven courts that worshipped idols: Jeroboam son of Nebat's... Pekah son of Remalia's, Menahem son of Gadi's, and Hosea son of ...
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King Zecharia; A Court of His Own?

The Talmud in Gittin 88a says that Israel was only destroyed once it had seven courts that worshipped idols: Jeroboam son of Nebat's, Baasa son of Ahija's, Ahab son of Omri's, Jehu son of Nimshi's, ...
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265 views

Is 'A father and son sleeping with a betrothed young woman on yom kippur' an expression?

Bava metza 83b: Rabbi Elazar brebbi Shimon is afraid that he may have wrongfully caused someone to be hanged, but is reassured that the hanged and his son 'slept with a betrothed maiden on yom kippur'...
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132 views

Why did people date divorce documents according to the Greeks?

According to this article on Jewish Encyclopedia, the conventional Jewish system of dating documents in the Middle Ages (a system called "מנין שטרות") was related to the accession of Seleucus I, the ...
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1answer
873 views

What problems are faced by children born out of wedlock?

I was previously under the impression that, since a man may acquire a woman with sexual intercourse (cf: Mishna, Qiddushin 1:1), if a couple have a son but no ketubah, the child still inherits his ...
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1answer
73 views

Witness signing on a get “ben ish ploni”

It says in the Mishnah in Gitten (See here Daf 87b) That if an eid (witness) signs on the Get "ben ish ploni eid" then it's kosher. Meaning instead of writing for example his full name "Moshe ben ...
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The silence of the Rabbis — Should they have defended Bar Kamtza?

In Gittin 55b-56a, we read that a fellow named Bar Kamtza was humiliated by a host of a party in public view of all, including the rabbis. Bar Kamtza received an invitation to the party by mistake, ...
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Learning Gittin a segulah for a good marriage?

I have heard that there is a segulah to learn the halachos of gittin or gemarah gittin to ensure shalom bayis and a good marriage. Has anyone heard of such a thing? Do you have a source for this ...
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1answer
372 views

What was so bad about stealing the carpenter's wife?

The gemarah in gittin (58a) describes a story wherein a carpenter's apprentice manipulates a series of unfortunate events (for the carpenter) which end up with the carpenter's wife now married to the ...
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Was Bar Kochva disemboweled?

The gemarah in Gittin, 57a, details a story of "bar d'roma" who performs miraculous feats in defending the Jews before meeting his demise by being disemboweled by a snake (similar to the end of Bar ...
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2answers
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What does adukin (אדוקין) mean?

Rashi, in Mesechta Gitin on דף טז עמוד א says שנים אדוקין. What does adukin (אדוקין) mean?
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The Arrows of Fate

When Nero landed in Israel, he shoot arrows in all directions. What was the significance of this action?
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Yavneh and it's wise men

Why did Reb Yochnan only ask Yavneh and it's wise men instead he should of asked for all of Yerushlayim (which Medrash Eicha says he did) to be saved?