Questions tagged [kohen-priest]

A patrilineal descendant of the biblical Aaron, a male kohen (plural kohanim) could serve in the Temple in Jerusalem when it was standing; various other laws apply to kohanim also, male and female.

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How to refer to a Kohain with suspended privileges in prayer

When a Kohain chas v'Shalom marries a divorcée or convert, halacha requires us to suspend his privileges - he may not receive the first aliyah during the Torah reading, duchen, etc, until such time as ...
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Did Sadducees contribute to halacha? [duplicate]

We know that Sadducees served on the Sanhedrin and even became high priests. [Yoma 19b] They did not believe in the afterlife or the resurrection of the dead, but this does not mean their ...
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Is there a timetable of the Yom Kippur Avodah available?

I'm trying to get a sense of how long each part of the Kohen Gadol's day was. I have the impression that the (outer) Musaf offering took much longer than the Torah reading, but I have no idea how much ...
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“Priests” prior to Aaron

We know there were gentile priests prior to the establishment of the Kohens. Melchizedek is an example. In Shemot 19, there are two verses that refer to "priests" prior to the giving of the Torah. ...
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High Priest vs Sanhedrin - who decides?

Who outpowers whom in Halochos of running the Temple - the Nassi and the Sanhedrin or the High Priest and his team of working Kohanim, assuming he's a Chacham also? If the Sanhedrin, what means do ...
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Why were Mishmarot a concern in the Qumran calendar?

I'm researching various sources regarding the Qumran calendar. I don't understand why there was a concern for incorporating the 24 priestly "watches" (mishmarot) (Refer to I Chronicles 4 for the names....
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How many Cohanim and Levi'im worked in the Temple daily?

How many Cohanim and Levi'im worked in the Temple daily (excluding supporting professions, like preparing woods or oils) and how many of them stayed there for sleep?
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What happens to Converts and Chalalim once the Moshiach comes?

As per the answers to this question, there is a general consensus that when Moshiach comes, we will find out who belongs to what tribe, and the 12 tribes will revert to their original landholdings. We ...
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Does Ezekiel 44:22 contradict the Torah?

Ezekiel 44:22 states: "Neither shall they [the priests] take for their wives a widow, nor her that is put away; but they shall take virgins of the seed of the house of Israel, and a widow that is the ...
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Shatnez and Leviticus 16,4-23-32

I have a question that I'm trying to understand and I would like a logical and coherent explanation. 1) In Leviticus 16,4-23-32 the priest (also Aaron) God indicates to them to dress only in linen ...
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Should one learn the commentary of a Kohen first, before a Yisrael's and there's an obligation of V'kidashto? [duplicate]

If one is learning Shulchan Aruch for example, Should one learn the Sha"ch before the Ta"z since he's a Kohen and there's an obligation of V'kidashto or does that obligation only apply to an instance ...
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Measuring Levi's cities

The Torah says that the cities of Levi'im must have surrounding areas of either 2000 or 3000 Amahs. However, I didn't see how those cities' sizes were determined in the first place. How Levi tribe (...
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During the Second Temple period, did the High Priest wear an additional crown on their headdress?

The High Priest's headdress was to be made of fine linen on which a gold plate was attached: 36 You shall make a frontlet of pure gold and engrave on it the seal inscription: "Holy to the LORD." 37 ...
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Can a father ever be the Kohen at his sons Pidyon Haben?

I'm looking for a scenario where a father can potentially be the Kohen for his own son's Pidyon Haben. Normally, this would be impossible, because a Kohen is pattur from Pidyon Haben. Is there any ...
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Has anyone determined or approximated how many Cohanim entered Cana'an?

A co-worker told me, yesterday, that he noticed that most shuls tend to have more Cohanim than Levi'im. He says that seems strange. I can't say for what occurs in shuls, but, he did conclude that ...
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Can a deaf Cohen duchen?

This answer indicates that today Cohanim with disabilities may duchen. I am asking here if a deaf person may do so, not because he is disabled, but because he cannot hear the prompt by the Shat"z. ...
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Kohen with broken leg and crutches nesias kapayim?

A kohen who has a broken leg and needs crutches to support himself can he do birkas kohanim. I remember seeing that if someone is dash biro (seen in town) for 30 days or more then its not considered a ...
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Is a woman considered a sotah if she cheated on her husband with another woman?

Would a woman that cheated on her husband with another woman qualify as a sotah? יז: וְלָקַח הַכֹּהֵן מַיִם קְדֹשִׁים, בִּכְלִי-חָרֶשׂ; וּמִן-הֶעָפָר, אֲשֶׁר יִהְיֶה בְּקַרְקַע הַמִּשְׁכָּן, יִקַּח ...
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What is the commentary on Leviticus 21:2-4 - why is wife not included on the list

Leviticus 21:1-4 The LORD said to Moses: Speak to the priests, the sons of Aaron, and say to them: None shall defile himself for any [dead] person among his kin, except for the relatives that ...
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Kohen with eyeglasses

Is having imperfect eyesight that requires the wearing of eyeglasses a problem for a Kohen? The question is two-fold: 1) Does the imperfect eyesight render him a ba'al mum (physical blemish) which ...
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What was the “cast sea” or “molten sea” יָם מוּצָק specifically used for and by whom?

What was the "cast sea" or "molten sea" יָם מוּצָק specifically used for and by whom? It appears to be also known as "Yam sheasah Shlomo". https://www.sefaria.org/Yoma.58b?lang=bi What was it used ...
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Could the anshei beit av wash their clothes and cut their hair on Thursday?

Taanis (2:7): אַנְשֵׁי מִשְׁמָר מֻתָּרִים לִשְׁתּוֹת יַיִן בַּלֵּילוֹת, אֲבָל לֹא בַיָּמִים. וְאַנְשֵׁי בֵית אָב, לֹא בַיּוֹם וְלֹא בַלָּיְלָה. אַנְשֵׁי מִשְׁמָר וְאַנְשֵׁי מַעֲמָד אֲסוּרִין ...
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Why there was no railing on the 5m high Mizbeach?

While looking at drawings of the Temple's Altar, I was impressed by its dimensions: up to 5m (16ft) high and 15m (100ft) wide. Here's a pretty truthful depiction (courtesy of WIKI) that gives an idea ...
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How Melchizedek/Shem was a Cohen if he wasn't firstborn?

I was surprised by the popularity of my previous question about Kain and Abel, but msh210 mentioned that that wasn't so special and indeed, we find another example in the open text of the Torah that a ...
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Is a shul allowed to refuse an aliyah to an “improperly dressed” Cohen or Levi?

Some shuls have a "dress code" requirement in order to receive an aliya. For example, I know of a shul that requires wearing both a button-down (dress) shirt and tie to receive an aliyah. Suppose ...
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Human Composting - Implications for Kohanim

In recent news, Washington State, has becomes the first state ever to allow human composting. The question has already been raised in this forum: "Is there a halachic objection to human composting?" ...
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Is a kohen who embarrasses someone publicly prohibited to duchen?

Since embarrassing one in public is considerred like murder and one should give up their life rather than transgress (Bava Metzia 59B, see Tosfas Sotah 10B on top), does this mean a kohen cannot ...
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Should an Israeli Cohen visiting Diaspora duchen when it's not Yom Tov?

Scenario (based on Ashkenazi practice): An Israeli Cohen who is visiting in Diaspora is there on either Shabbat 8th day of Pesach or Shabbat 2nd Day Shavu'ot. For him, it is a "regular" Shabbat. He ...
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Is Chalal (חלל) neither Cohen nor Israel but a type of its own?

If a male Kohen has forbidden relations with a divorced woman, a zonah, or chalalah-- the child is a Chalal (Rambam, Hilchos Issurei Biah 19:1): אֵי זוֹ הִיא חֲלָלָה זוֹ שֶׁנּוֹלִדָה מֵאִסּוּר ...
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What was done with the orders of the cohanim during a leap year?

In 1 Chronicles chapter 24 David set out orders for the cohanim to serve in the Beis Hamikdash. What he established is intuitive for a 12 month year, but what was done in a 13 month year? If possible, ...
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Did each Kohen Gadol wear his predecessor's garments?

Did the Kohen Gadol wear the same garments his predecessor wore, going back to Aharon HaKohen, or did he have new garments specially tailored to fit him? In other words, were the garments each Kohen ...
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How and why would they grasp the Kohen Gadol's shoulder stones?

Mishnayot Tamid 7:1 says that if the Kohen Gadol entered the Heichal to prostrate himself during the daily service, an honor guard of three kohan would assist him: בִּזְמַן שֶׁכֹּהֵן גָּדוֹל ...
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Why does the incense offerer get a chosen buddy?

Mishnayot Tamid 6:3 says that the kohen who wins the right to offer the daily incense brings a buddy with him to hold one of the vessels and help him retrieve any dropped incense: מִי שֶׁזָּכָה ...
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Anointed priests

Last week it caught my eyes that the term anointed priest was used in multiple verses (Vayikra 4:3, 5, 16). Here's the first one: אִ֣ם הַכֹּהֵ֧ן הַמָּשִׁ֛יחַ יֶֽחֱטָ֖א לְאַשְׁמַ֣ת הָעָ֑ם ...
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Can a Kohen have his prohibited ex wife as pilagesh?

If a Kohen's wife is G-d forbid raped and he witnessed, there is no heter (permission) to stay married with her as she is a zonah (Leviticus 21:7). However, after he divorces her, can he take her back,...
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Why are the Keilim of the Mishkan broken up?

In Shemos 25:1-27:21 (all of Terumah and the very beginning of Tetzaveh), the Pesukim describe the vessels of the Mishkan, the structure of the Mishkan, and the oil of the Menorah. In Shemos 28:1-29:...
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What happens if the father wants the money, rather than his son? [duplicate]

I think I'm already getting into the spirit of Purim Torah, but this question is completely serious: i If the father of a bechor [firstborn son] wishes to keep his five sela'im of silver, rather than ...
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The cloak full of techeiles is the Me'il?-Korach's issue

During the reading of this week's parsha ( Tetzaveh) I noticed that the Me'il is referred to as a cloak complete of techeiles. Then I remembered that Korach had an issue with a beged that was full of ...
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A pregnant woman of a boy kohen baby going into cemetery

The gemara in chullin 71 writes that a tahor baluah cannot become tamei. Meaning something inside someone cannot become tamei from the outside. So it seems from this gemara that a woman who married a ...
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What choice of Kohen did a person bringing a korban have?

I recently asked a question about a Kohen's responsibility for negligent disqualification of a Korban. The first answer I saw indicated that a Kohen is liable only for intentional disqualification (...
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Could a Kohen become liable for disqualifying a sacrifice?

I've been studying Masechet Zevachim, and it seems very easy for a sacrifice to become invalid. Even if it doesn't become invalid, it seems that even the slightest wrong intention can force the person ...
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Why are there extraneous words in vaykra (Leviticus) 17:3?

I am struggling to understand VAYIKRA (Book of Leviticus) Chapter 17 (http://www.breslov.com/bible/Leviticus17.htm#3) verses 3 and 4. I have read Are there extraneous words in Torah? (Are there ...
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Can a convert become a Cohen? [duplicate]

Can a son born to a Jewish father who is a Cohen, and a non Jewish mother subsequently convert to Judaism and in the process become a Cohen?
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Can a Cohen marry a single mother?

Can a Cohen marry a single mother (who has had relations once in her life, for example, and the child’s father is Jewish)? The single mother fits all other requirements as well as being a bat cohen.
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If a Kohen donates a kidney is he considered a Bal Moom for purposes of doing an Avodah?

If a Kohen donates a kidney, is he considered a Bal Moom for purposes of doing an Avodah in the future Bais hamikdash? On the one hand, the missing organ is not visible. On the other hand, a cataract ...
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350 views

Did the high priest have a rope tied to him while he performed his duties?

There is a tradition many have heard that says the high priest had a rope tied to him on the day of atonement so that if he became incapacitated while in the most holy with the ark he could be ...
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Why don't kohanim eat terumah nowadays?

Terumah is a tithe that is given to kohanim. I have been told that kohanim are not allowed to eat terumah nowadays. Is this true? If so, why not?
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Do contemporary non-Ashkenazim give challah to a kohen in chutz la’aretz?

Rambam Hilchot Bikkurim 5:8 and 5:10 and Shulchan Aruch Yoreh De’ah 322:4-5 rule that in chutz la’aretz one can either: separate two challot, burn one and give the other to be eaten by any kohen ...
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why do kohanim make a bracha on birkat kohanim if they are safek kohanim?

If Kohanim nowadays are safek kohanim how can they make a bracha on Birkat kohanim isn't the rule "safek brachot le'hakel"?
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Why must a cohen divorce his wife if she was forced to have relations with another?

Deut. 22:29. The rapist must marry his victim if she is unwed. If I understand this commandment correctly, the woman is allowed to refuse said marriage. Furthermore, Jewish law does not forbid another ...