Questions tagged [lulav-etrog-arba-minim]

The 4 plant species (citron, willow, myrtle, and palm), that are used for the mitzvah of lulav during the holiday of Sukkot.

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Question on talmud bavli succah 33B

Rav Chisda says that Rebbi says only black and red berries invalidate the hadas but green berries won’t since it’s specie from the hadas. Why does he only exclude black berries and not say to exclude ...
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Gezerah Shema Yaverenu Daaled Amos- no megillah, lulav, or shofar on shabbos as a gezerah

Why is the Gezerah that maybe he will carry a lulav, shofar, megillah on shabbos for 4 amos in the Rishus Harabim? How did it get there? It should be gezerah that maybe he will take it out of the ...
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Why is a lulav from עיר הנדחת pasul because it lacks a shiur?

In לולב הגזול, the first Mishna says a לולב של עיר הנדחת is pasul. Rashi explains that this is because it "lacks" the minimal length of 4 tefachim, since it is supposed to be burned and is ...
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Hadas fruit tastes like tree

The Gemara says that the Hadas branch can be identified since it has a fruit which tastes like the wood. But how do Chazal derive this from the verse "Anaf Etz Avos"? There is no mention of ...
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Any halachos on repurposing arba minim?

Am I allowed to add my hadasim (myrtle) to a bouquet after yom tov? Or do anything with any of the arba minim after yom tov?
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What may I do with the leftover lulav? [closed]

Subject says it all. Can I put it in the trash? I plan to leave the Esrog in the china closet (like my grandmother did) which adds a nice aroma, all year.
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Waving the lulav during all first four verses of Psalm 118

The Shulchan Arukh Orach Chayim 651:1 writes that during the hallel we shake at three verses: הוֹד֣וּ לַֽיהוָ֣ה כִּי־ט֑וֹב כִּ֖י לְעוֹלָ֣ם חַסְדּֽוֹ׃ (Psalms 118:1) אָנָּ֣א יְ֭הוָה הֽוֹשִׁ֘יעָ֥ה ...
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What is the origin of mitzvah Aravah?

Mishna in Sukkah 4:3 describes the mitzvah of Aravah, which was performed in the temple by circling the mizbeach with willow branches. This mitzvah is not mentioned in any indexes of the 613 mitzvos. ...
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T’yomet of the lulav

I’m trying to better understand the laws of the t’yomet of the lulav. Overall, I understand that it is valid unless ‘significantly divided,’ however, what level of division invalidates? For example, ...
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Orientation of Esrog relative to person versus relative to ground

This question was originally going to be saved for Purim Torah in Jest, but after thinking about it, I feel this can have practical ramifications. How does one hold an Esrog before making the Bracha '...
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613 Mitzvos depend on another?

I've noticed the following phrase in a couple places in the siddur: שֶׁתְּ֒הֵא חֲשׁוּבָה מִצְוַת _ לְפָנֶֽיךָ כְּאִלּוּ קִיַּמְתִּֽיהָ בְּכָל פְּרָטֶֽיהָ וְדִקְדּוּקֶֽיהָ וְכַוָּנוֹתֶֽיהָ וְתַרְיַ&...
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Is the mitzvah of shaking the lulav Biblical just the first day or all of the days?

See title for the question. Please quote sources if possible.
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Source for using more than 3 Hadassim?

I’m looking for the source(s) for the custom to use more than 3 Hadassim with the Lulav. My personal custom is to use 9, and I’ve heard of a custom to use as many as 70! I remember seeing it brought ...
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How large is an issar coin in halacha?

The Shulchan Aruch OC (648:2) writes אתרוג שניקב נקב מפולש כל שהוא פסול ושאינו מפולש אם היה כאיסר פסול ואם חסר כל שהוא פסול ויש אומרים דגם בנקב מפולש בעינן חסרון משהו ושאינו מפולש בחסרון כאיסר - An ...
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Why do some people require shaking Arba Minim (four species) in the Succah?

Related (but not a duplicate of) the old question here inquiring the logical connection between Arba Minim and the holiday of Succot. My question is in a slightly different vein - if the Arba Minim ...
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Why are the lulav, aravot and haddasim bundled?

Why are the lulav, hadassim and aravot bundled together? What's wrong with leaving them separated? Why not bundle the etrog with them? Why is it separate? Are there any hints / references in the these ...
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What's the connection between Aravos and Heaven?

What is the connection between the Aravos we take as part of the daled minim on Sukkos and the Aravos of Heaven which the Almighty "rides" on? Tehillim (68:5) שִׁירוּ לֵאלֹהִים זַמְּרוּ ...
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What's the reason behind the minhag of shaking the lulav in the sukkah?

I understand that not everybody has this minhag, but at most Sephardi shuls I've gone to, there's a definite minhag to walk outside after chazarat haShatz, go to the sukkah, say a beracha on the lulav ...
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Is the Ethrog upside down? [duplicate]

I have a question regarding waving the lulav and ethrog. The mesorah (sukkah 45b, Mishneh Brurah 651:16) tells us to wave/hold the arba minim in the direction that it grows. But the tradition is to ...
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How can a Sukkah be used as a protection from "Storm and Rain"?

According to the last verse of "Yeshayahu - Isaiah - Chapter 4", a Sukkah is "for a shelter and for a covert from stream and from rain" (Chabad) or "for a refuge and for a ...
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What are the references or terms for the word sukkah?

Which words or descriptions serve as references for the word sukkah? I will accept any and all sources that are accepted here at mi yodeya.
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How to give back a lulav that was given to you al menas l'hachzor

The Mishnah Berurah rules that in order to fulfill the mitzvah of lulav with someone else's lulav, and the owner of the lulav doesn't know that one has to own the lulav in order to fulfill the mitzvah ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is a yachid the congregation or the chazzan?

When saying the Hallel on Sukkot one waves the 4 species at certain points. According to the Artscroll Machzor that I use, there are wavings that differ for the chazzan from what the kahal does (page ...
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Eretz Yisrael Esrog (Ordang)

Wikipedia writes, (unsourced) that standard Eretz Yisrael Esrogim are Ordang Esrogim, because virtually all of the Esrogim in Eretz Yisrael were safek murkav (possibly grafted) or produced ...
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Can I refrigerate an esrog?

I recall a teshuva of R Moshe (which I can’t find and may be remembering wrong) that says that an esrog that was stored in a vacuum from last year is not kosher even though it’s perfectly yellow and ...
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Hadasim: Righteous or not?

The Midrash (Vayikra Rabba 30:12) says Hadasim refer to Jews who have good deeds but lack Torah: וַעֲנַף עֵץ עָבֹת, אֵלּוּ יִשְׂרָאֵל, מָה הֲדַס יֵשׁ בּוֹ רֵיחַ וְאֵין בּוֹ טַעַם, כָּךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל ...
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Why take the Eitz HaDaas on Sukkos?

The Ramban (Vayikra 23:40) writes ועל דרך האמת "פרי עץ הדר" הוא הפרי שבו רוב התאוה ובו חטא אדם הראשון שנאמר (בראשית ג ו) ותרא האשה כי טוב העץ למאכל וכי תאוה הוא לעינים ונחמד העץ להשכיל ותקח ...
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Why is height the determining factor for the the blessing on the Lulav?

The Gemara Sukkah (37b) writes ואמר רבה לולב בימין ואתרוג בשמאל מ"ט הני תלתא מצות והאי חדא מצוה א"ל ר' ירמיה לר' זריקא מאי טעם לא מברכינן אלא על נטילת לולב הואיל וגבוה מכולן ולגבהיה לאתרוג ...
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2 votes
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Gezerah D'Rabbah in the Beit Hamikdash?

Rabbah publicized a Gezerah (command / decree) that Lulav and Shofar should not be used on Shabbat because of a fear someone may violate the Melacha of Hotzaah. I heard that there was another case ...
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A different Lulav set?

Vayikra/Leviticus 23:40 וּלְקַחְתֶּם לָכֶם בַּיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן, פְּרִי עֵץ הָדָר כַּפֹּת תְּמָרִים, וַעֲנַף עֵץ-עָבֹת, וְעַרְבֵי-נָחַל ; וּשְׂמַחְתֶּם, לִפְנֵי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם--שִׁבְעַת יָמִים. On ...
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Why ban Lulav on Shabbos in places with eruvin?

Being that many people carry on Shabbos due to established city - eruvim, why shouldn't they take the Lulav on Shabbos if they are already carrying their tallis and other objects?
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Practical advice for keeping tallis on while waving 4 species

Whenever I wave my four species in shul, I always find that my tallis repeatedly slips off my head and shoulders. I typically have to adjust it every single set of waves, which is rather distracting. ...
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Can Etrog and Lulav be too cheap?

In the last years, in Israel, on Erev Chag Succot, about 4 hours before the Chag begins, we witness an interesting phenomenon - incredible price drop for the 4 Minim, especially the expensive Etrog ...
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1 vote
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Four Minim at the time of the Great Revolt

This is a 5 Agorot coin bearing a copy of a coin from the 4th year of the Great Revolt (70AD) that pictures the 4 Minim: I can spot two oddities relative to what's commonly accepted: there are two ...
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Did the Chofetz Chaim check his esrogim with a magnifying glass?

Many people hold that an esrog can be checked with the naked eye, but in practice many people use a magnifying glass. Did the saintly Chofetz Chaim zy”a use a magnifying glass when inspecting his own ...
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Is it Better to Buy a Pitom-less Esrog?

Although the Rema (648:7) says a grown pitom-less esrog is valid אם לא היה לו דד מעולם כשר וכן הם רוב האתרוגים שמביאים במדינות אלו are there any Jewish sources which encourage purchasing a pitom-...
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3 votes
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Rambam's decision to merge Shofar with Succah and Lulav?

When subdividing his 14 books, Rambam decided to merge Hilchos Shofar with Succah and Lulav, allocating the first 3 chapters to the first and the last 5 to the laters (see here) with no seeming ...
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1 vote
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Derech g'dilasan: the requirement for mitzva objects to be used in the manner in which they grew

The mishna quotes Rabbi Yosi (Suka 3:14) saying that if one carried a lulav in the public domain without thinking on the first day of Sukos which was also shabas it would not count as a violation of ...
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Popular Contemporary Aravoth Species

Vayikra 23:40 provides the commandment to take up the 4 species on Sukkot: וּלְקַחְתֶּ֨ם לָכֶ֜ם בַּיּ֣וֹם הָֽרִאשׁ֗וֹן פְּרִ֨י עֵ֤ץ הָדָר֙ כַּפֹּ֣ת תְּמָרִ֔ים וַֽעֲנַ֥ף עֵץ־עָבֹ֖ת וְעַרְבֵי־נָ֑חַל ...
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Blessing for lulav and esrog [duplicate]

Why do we recite the blessing with the words al netilat lulav and not al netilat etrog (or using both), or al daled minim?
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2 votes
1 answer
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Who are the מאמ"ר and the כה"ח?

I found a reference to turning the body when waving the lulav. The text reads ויש נוהגים גם להפנות את הגוף לארבע רוחות (מאמ"ר יג; כה"ח צו). What, please, is the meaning of the abbreviations used ...
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Smashing the Aravos/Jews without Torah or Mitzvos

According to the understanding that the aravos symbolize the Jews without Torah or Mitzvos (Vayikra Rabba 30:12 מָה עֲרָבָה זוֹ אֵין בָּהּ טַעַם וְאֵין בָּהּ רֵיחַ, כָּךְ הֵם יִשְׂרָאֵל יֵשׁ בָּהֶם ...
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Saying Hashem's name quickly in Hallel on Sukkos

During Hallel on Sukkos, we shake the lulav during the הודו לה' כי טוב and אנא ה' הושיעה נא. The standard practice I've seen is the one the Mishna Berurah describes there - one direction per word in ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Why do we wave the Lulav / etrog?

The mitzvah mentioned in the Torah just says to "take" 4 species. The Torah doesn't mention anything about waving them. The Talmud mentions waving them at certain points in Hallel, but there doesn't ...
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Does an Ashkenazi lady say a bracha on netilat lulav on the first day of Sukkot if the lulav is borrowed?

An Ashkenazi woman wants to shake the 4 species on the first day of Sukkot. Her husband doesn't have a lulav. She goes to a friend who has a lulav, and without his knowledge (and active transfer of ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Which etrog is closest to the gemara's description of "the taste of the tree trunk and its fruit are alike"?

The gemara in Sukkah 35a describes one of the characteristics of the etrog as a tree that the taste of its tree trunk and the taste of its fruit are alike dinonline expands The Kapos Temarim (...
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1 vote
3 answers
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Esrog only passul when under magnifying glass

What is the halacha if I checked an esrog and it is perfectly fine and then decide to get a closer look with a magnifying glass and see that this esrog has a pasul. Do we say its passul now since we ...
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Seventy Aravos on Succos

While listening to a shiur from Rav Heinemann, he noted a Rabbi Riff - Rav in Camden and descendant of the Netziv - who was stringent for a Hagahos Ashri which says you’re supposed to have seventy ...
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1 vote
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Kitzur Hilchot Arba' Minim

When I went to purchase my arba' minim for Sukkot this year, I realised that I was ignorant of most of the halachot. I told myself that I would learn these halachot before next Sukkot בלי נדר but I ...
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Is there a chatzitzah if one holds the lulav while wearing a gold ring around one's finger?

The Rabbi of my shul said that it is not considered a proper "lekicha" if one has a ring on their finger while taking the 4 minim. This is especially relevant to women who have jewelry (and men who ...
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