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Questions tagged [lulav-etrog-arba-minim]

The 4 plant species (citron, willow, myrtle, and palm), that are used for the mitzvah of lulav during the holiday of Sukkot.

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Popular Contemporary Aravoth Species

Vayikra 23:40 provides the commandment to take up the 4 species on Sukkot: וּלְקַחְתֶּם לָכֶם בַּיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן פְּרִי עֵץ הָדָר כַּפֹּת תְּמָרִים וַעֲנַף עֵץ עָבֹת וְעַרְבֵי נָחַל וּשְׂמַחְתֶּם ...
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1answer
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Blessing for lulav and esrog [duplicate]

Why do we recite the blessing with the words al netilat lulav and not al netilat etrog (or using both), or al daled minim?
2
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1answer
68 views

Who are the מאמ“ר and the כה”ח?

I found a reference to turning the body when waving the lulav. The text reads ויש נוהגים גם להפנות את הגוף לארבע רוחות (מאמ"ר יג; כה"ח צו). What, please, is the meaning of the abbreviations used ...
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Smashing the Aravos/Jews without Torah or Mitzvos

According to the understanding that the aravos symbolize the Jews without Torah or Mitzvos (Vayikra Rabba 30:12 מָה עֲרָבָה זוֹ אֵין בָּהּ טַעַם וְאֵין בָּהּ רֵיחַ, כָּךְ הֵם יִשְׂרָאֵל יֵשׁ בָּהֶם ...
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Saying Hashem's name quickly in Hallel on Sukkos

During Hallel on Sukkos, we shake the lulav during the הודו לה' כי טוב and אנא ה' הושיעה נא. The standard practice I've seen is the one the Mishna Berurah describes there - one direction per word in ...
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1answer
55 views

Why do we wave the Lulav / etrog?

The mitzvah mentioned in the Torah just says to "take" 4 species. The Torah doesn't mention anything about waving them. The Talmud mentions waving them at certain points in Hallel, but there doesn't ...
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1answer
57 views

Does an Ashkenazi lady say a bracha on netilat lulav on the first day of Sukkot if the lulav is borrowed?

An Ashkenazi woman wants to shake the 4 species on the first day of Sukkot. Her husband doesn't have a lulav. She goes to a friend who has a lulav, and without his knowledge (and active transfer of ...
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1answer
120 views

Which etrog is closest to the gemara's description of “the taste of the tree trunk and its fruit are alike”?

The gemara in Sukkah 35a describes one of the characteristics of the etrog as a tree that the taste of its tree trunk and the taste of its fruit are alike dinonline expands The Kapos Temarim (...
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3answers
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Esrog only passul when under magnifying glass

What is the halacha if I checked an esrog and it is perfectly fine and then decide to get a closer look with a magnifying glass and see that this esrog has a pasul. Do we say its passul now since we ...
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1answer
63 views

Seventy Aravos on Succos

While listening to a shiur from Rav Heinemann, he noted a Rabbi Riff - Rav in Camden and descendant of the Netziv - who was stringent for a Hagahos Ashri which says you’re supposed to have seventy ...
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Kitzur Hilchot Arba' Minim

When I went to purchase my arba' minim for Sukkot this year, I realised that I was ignorant of most of the halachot. I told myself that I would learn these halachot before next Sukkot בלי נדר but I ...
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1answer
69 views

Is there a chatzitzah if one holds the lulav while wearing a gold ring around one's finger?

The Rabbi of my shul said that it is not considered a proper "lekicha" if one has a ring on their finger while taking the 4 minim. This is especially relevant to women who have jewelry (and men who ...
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61 views

Threw someones esrog on the floor on chol hamoed

If someone took someone's esrog on chol hamoed and threw it on the floor and the pitum fell off. How do we evaluate how much the damager has to pay the damagee? Since on the second day (chol hamoed ...
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What to buy for Sukkot

If one is poor, should he buy an Etrog for Sukkot or food for his family? I am researching the halacha with regard to this as a response to the story by Agnon.
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39 views

Source that Lulav is a banner representing life

I am reading a Devar Torah by an esteemed Rosh Yeshiva which says "Furthermore, the Midrash explains that when we lift our lulavim and esrogim on Sukkos, it is essentially a celebration of life. The ...
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2answers
194 views

Seemingly Hefker Esrog - used for the Mitzva

This past Erev Succos I arrived at a local synagogue that had a fellow selling Lulavim and Esrogim in their Simcha hall. The fellow left three Esrogim (not in the greatest condition - yet Kosher) on ...
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1answer
179 views

Is there a specific type of myrtle/hadass for sukkot?

It is well known that one can't just use any citrus for sukkot, but rather, one has to use an etrog/citron. But what about for the hadass? I know the branches used should have "3 leaves that surround."...
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2answers
70 views

Why is the mitzvah of the four species especially appropriate for the holiday of Succot?

What connection is there between the mitzvah of the four species and the theme of Succot? Why is this mitzvah especially appropriate for this holiday specifically? I am aware that there are different ...
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1answer
119 views

If a shul buys arbah minim (etrog, lulav, etc.) by using membership dues, does everyone have an automatic ownership?

From this M.Y. answer: On the first two days of Sukkot, the mitzvah can be fulfilled only using one’s own Four Kinds. As such, if using someone else’s set, it needs to be given as “a present, ...
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1answer
111 views

An esrog or a lulav: which one to buy?

If a person had to choose between buying an esrog or a lulav, which one should he buy? For example, if he cannot afford to buy both or supplies are extremely limited.
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Ethrogh “Lineage”

I've been reading a lot about ethruggim lately, and there is talk of Assad strands, and Morning Star Temoni lineage. Is the "Morning Star Temoni" lineage different than all the normal Yemenite ...
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1answer
66 views

Can I find the etrog “hay”?

Until about 10 years ago, etrogim were wrapped in hemp (flax weed). It was messy, but it kept the etrogim fresh for much longer than the foam does. I also find that the combination of the foam and the ...
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0answers
58 views

Can a partially moldy shmittah etrog be disposed?

In a recent pamphlet from Sh'or Yashuv Yeshiva (5 Towns), I read that a shemittah etrog must either be eaten or left to rot until it is inedible. Usually, when people see mold on food, they throw the ...
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1answer
87 views

Turning to the right vs. practice

Mishna Berura 676:10 quotes our sages: "Whenever you make a turning, it should only be towards the right". However, it appears to me that we usually turn to the left (counter-clockwise) when shaking ...
3
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1answer
82 views

Israeli esrogim after shemittah [duplicate]

Regarding esrogim the year after shemittah, when you prepare them to be made into jam, is it muttar to throw away the seeds?
3
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1answer
247 views

What is the bracha for Etrog marmalade that has visible chunks of etrog pieces and / or rind?

My understanding and intention on asking this: Fruit products that have visible fruit pieces, such as applesauce, I have read in a number of Brachot booklets, state to say ha'etz, since the fruit is ...
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1answer
77 views

May the Shmittah Etrog be used to make lemon-scented deodorant or furniture polish?

My son brought me a pamphlet produced by Yeshiva Sh'or Yoshuv (Far Rockaway, NY) that discussed the laws of the 4 minim. (If I can locate an online copy, I'll edit in a link.) Near the end of the ...
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Is there a custom to go round the Sefer Torah with just the arava bundle on Hoshana Rabba?

There is a shiur “HOSHANA RABBA SHIUR OF RABBI J.B. SOLOVEITCHIK BOSTON, 1969” which discusses the custom of the arava on Hoshana Rabba. In the shiur, the Rav is recorded as saying: On Hoshana ...
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62 views

What do/can/should you do if you daven Succos Hallel slower than the tzibur, and why?

If you daven Hallel on Succos slower than the shaliach tzibur, what do you do when everyone else gets to the parts that involve oral responses and/or shaking the lulav? Is it better to join in with ...
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1answer
753 views

can I smell my esrog?

There is such a concept of something that is 'huktzah l'mitzvasa' (set aside for its mitzvah observance), I was wondering about the smelling of the esrog and how this rule would be applied to it?
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If the lulav and etrog are biblically mandated, how were people in cold climates able to obtain them before modern times?

The use of the 4 species in the lulav and etrog is biblically mandated. Therefore, when Jews left Israel and moved to cold climates such as northern and eastern Europe, they would have needed to ...
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1answer
121 views

According to the Rambam, how do you shake the lulav?

How do you shake the arba minim according to the Rambam?
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250 views

How bad is it to assemble the lulav on chag

I know one ideally should not assemble the Lulav on the actual holiday yet there are many people who don't know how to do it and despite the printed instructions we (the L & E vendors) offer them, ...
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1answer
183 views

(How) Are these aravos kosher?

According to my understanding of Shulchan Aruch OC 647:1, the edges of the leaves of the aravos should not have serrated edges, but should rather be smooth: עַרְבֵי נַחַל הָאָמוּר בַּתּוֹרָה [...] ...
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2answers
484 views

What to do with a sh'vi'it etrog

Last year (5775) was a shemitah year, as such, etrogim produced in Israel end up becoming sh'vi'it (produce of the seventh year). One of the boxes I saw mentioned that the etrog should be disposed of ...
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1answer
162 views

Yanavoh (Italian) Esrog -Moshe Rabbeinu

I remember seeing somewhere that Lubavitchers use Italian esrogim because of its mesorah. They say that Moshe Rabbienu used an Italian esrog and that's why they use it. What is the earliest source for ...
3
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1answer
147 views

The Saba Kadisha's opinion on using a lemon for an esrog

I remember seeing in the Igros Moshe a while back which quotes the Saba Kadisha's opinion that one can technically use a lemon instead of an esrog. It was a side idea in the Igros Moshe. Does anyone ...
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0answers
121 views

Arvei Nahal - Acceptable Species

Vayikra 23:40 provides the commandment to take up the 4 species on Sukkot: וּלְקַחְתֶּם לָכֶם בַּיּוֹם הָרִאשׁוֹן פְּרִי עֵץ הָדָר כַּפֹּת תְּמָרִים וַעֲנַף עֵץ עָבֹת וְעַרְבֵי נָחַל וּשְׂמַחְתֶּם ...
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0answers
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Using an Esrog that has on it Kedushas Shvi'is

There will be a question this coming Sukkos (as there was somewhat last sukkos as well -- according to some opinions) because the esrogim will have kedushas shvi'is (the ones grown in Israel) If there ...
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3answers
116 views

If one is ovar on Bal Tosif are they still yotzee the mitzvah?

Although there perhaps aren't too many examples, I will present here one. If a person takes the arba minim at Sukkos (Lulav, esrog, hadasim, aravos) and adds on another min in a way they are ovar on ...
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0answers
87 views

Questions regarding selling “mitzvah” items to Christians for use in their Church service

My understanding is that one is not aloud to intentionally sell anything to an oved avodah zarah ("idol worshipper") if he knows that he will use that item for his idol worshipping purpose. There are ...
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1answer
663 views

How to make a koishele?

People use "lulav holders," or "koisheles," small containers of woven lulav leaves to hold their lulav sets (lulav + hadass + arava) together, as seen in the picture below. My father showed me how to ...
7
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1answer
230 views

Can a court declare a minor's lulav ownerless? Has one?

Shulchan Aruch, Orach Chayim 658:6, says that one should not give his lulav to a minor as a gift, as the minor cannot give it back to him. (Minors cannot give anyone legal ownership in anything.) ...
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1answer
93 views

Is there any halachic basis for beating the aravot on dirt?

This Hoshana Rabba, the shul made everyone schlep outside to beat the aravot on open ground instead of the floor. Is there a reason for doing this other than keeping the floor clean?
5
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2answers
86 views

Waving the lulav

Why do we wave the lulav forward by הודו, right by כי, back by טוב, left by כי, up by לעולם and down by חסדו?
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1answer
390 views

What is the last day to shake the lulav in Diaspora?

Do we shake the lulav on shemini atzeret or simhat torah for folks living in diaspora?
11
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1answer
1k views

How to grow your own aravos

On Sukkos, Jews are commanded to take the four species, among them the "ערבי נחל" or "willow branches," commonly referred to as ערבות aravos. How might one go about growing them himself, at home? (I ...
6
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2answers
111 views

Customs for waving arba minim three times in each direction

I get why we shake the arba minim in all directions, but why do some have the custom of shaking them three times in each direction?
5
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1answer
159 views

Can one wet the lulav-towel on yom tov?

Some people wrap the bottom of the lulav (with the hadasim and aravot) with a moist towel, rag, or paper towel to keep the hadasim and aravot looking good. Is this allowed to be done on yom tov? If ...
3
votes
1answer
51 views

Myrtle-Muktza Catch 22

My myrtle (hadas) broke on Yom Tov Sukkos. An intact myrtle that is part of a lulav is assur to smell. The myrtle that broke in the lulav is now muktza because it can't be used. Now that the myrtle ...