Questions tagged [talmud-yerushalmi]

A counterpart to the Talmud Bavli that was created in Eretz Yisrael

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1answer
112 views

Why were angels' names brought back?

Related. A well-known gemara in the Yerushalmi (Rosh Hashanah 6a) says: "רשב"ל אמר אף שמות המלאכים עלו בידן מבבל. בראשונה (ישעיהו ו׳:ו׳) ויעף אלי אחד מן השרפים (שם) שרפים עומדים ממעל לו ...
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1answer
261 views

Is there more than one text of the Mishnah?

I understand there is one Mishnah and two Talmuds (Bavli and Yerushalmi). But is the text of the Mishnah associated with each Talmud exactly the same? Rabbi Gil Student states that the famous quote ...
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110 views

Was the Talmud available in written form, partially or fully, before the 7th century?

was the Talmud available in written form partially or fully before the 7th century? or just was transmitted orally?
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741 views

Does the Talmud say that Jesus writhes in excrement and Mary was a prostitute?

There is a widespread belief among many Christian denominations that Jesus and Mary are referred to in overly disrespectful, even scatological, language in the Talmud. Examples often given are that ...
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651 views

What are the specifics of the fake Yerushalmi story?

I heard, long ago, about a mesechta (or entire seder, I can't recall which) of Yerushalmi that was fabricated. It was finally proven to be a fake when a rabbi realized that every mesechta (or seder) ...
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39 views

Why isn't burning the limbs considered the melacha of cooking?

In Yevamos 33b, the gemarra is trying to figure out what part of the Temple service would constitute a Shabbos violation if a non-Kohen were to do it. The gemarra suggests throwing the animal limbs on ...
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483 views

Any known translations of the Talmudim et al into classical languages, prior to the 19th century?

Through the 19th and 20th centuries, the Bavli and Yerushalmi were fully or partially translated into English, French, German, Arabic and Italian. Are there any extant translations of the Talmudim and/...
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135 views

Reason for dispute if chilazon has a melacha of trapping

The gemarra Shabbos 75a seems to say that someone who traps a chilazon violated the melacha of trapping on Shabbos. Tosafos brings the Yerushalmi (7:2, 52a) that says that one doesn't violate the ...
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173 views

Why is there no tayku in the Jerusalem Talmud?

From one count I have seen there are more than 300 times in the Talmud Bavli where a discussion ends with “תיקו” (let it stand, ie the question remains) yet, to my knowledge there is not a single time ...
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What mitzvos are under the umbrella term מתן שכרה בצידה referenced in the Jerusalem Talmud Bava Basra

The gemara in the Jerusalem Talmud Bava Batra (cited here) refers to a collective set of commandments called "מתן שכרה בצידה", which I believe can be loosely translated as "reward given on the side" ...
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Koren Talmud Yerushalmi [Hardcover] [duplicate]

Does anyone know if this Talmud Yerushalmi is Menukad or not?
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114 views

Talmud Yerushalmi M'nukad

I'm currently looking to buy a Talmud Yerushalmi M'nukad individual/set (not Artscroll/Schottenstein). Are there any out there?
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1answer
109 views

What exactly are the forbidden statues according to Yerushalmi- Avodah Zarah 3:1 18a?

We read in Yerushalmi- Avodah Zarah 3:1 18a (English translation by Rabbi Jacob Neusner): [A] All images are prohibited. [B] "Because they are worshipped once a year", the words of R. Meir [...
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What was the old Yerushalmi Torah reading practice on Shabbat Rosh Hodesh?

In the old Yerushalmi Torah reading tradition (the triennial cycle), when special days fell on Shabbat, the regular Shabbat reading was interrupted: the Shabbat morning reading consists only of the ...
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Does the Yerushalmi mention drinking wine on Friday after bathing

Related to this question. The Otzar Yad Chaim in the picture below quotes the Bartenura who mentions a minhag to drink until tipsy before going to shul Friday night. The seffer then says the ...
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1answer
127 views

Jerusalem Talmud: pagination on Sefaria

Sefaria paginates the Jerusalem Talmud thus: 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b etc. This isn't the standard system for paginating Yerushalmi that I'm familiar with, which which is by tur rather than by amud. Can anyone ...
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Talmud Yerushalmi: comparing paginations

As far as I'm aware, there are three different popular paginations of the Talmud Yerushalmi: the Venice edition (four volumes, two columns per amud), the Vilna edition (one column per amud), and the ...
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400 views

Source of opinion that Talmud Yerushalmi was corrupted by Karaites

In the entry for Talmud Bavli/Yerushalmi in Chida's Shem Hagedolim Hashalem (c.1800, the older versions do not have this paragraph), he references a theory from maskilim of his time that the Rabbis ...
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1answer
118 views

Which Talmud is supreme [duplicate]

How could there be two different Talmuds (Babylonian and Jerusalem) if they are both stemming from a direct oral tradition from Sinai? Thank you
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279 views

Rashi quoting Yerushalmi on Kodshim

I haven't learned Seder Kodshim before, and I understand there's no Talmud Yerushalmi on Seder Kodshim, but I saw in a bunch of places in maseches Temurah where Rashi quotes "loshon Yerushalmi" (...
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Longest to Shortest tractates of Yerushalmi by daf [closed]

A follow on from this question: I simply would like a listing of longest to shortest (or vice versa!) tractates in Yerushalmi by daf, ideally listing the number of daf/tractate.
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Is there any responsa from the early 1900's discussing how it was proven that the Yerushalmi Kodshim was fake?

Quick background (link): In 1907–1909, Shlomo Yehuda Algazi-Friedländer, a mysterious man from the town of Szatmár in Transylvania, published what he claimed to be the long-lost tractates of ...
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1answer
50 views

Source of a quote about the value of mitzvot involving pain

This quote is attributed to the Yerushalmi: One mitzvah involving pain is worth a hundred mitzvot that do not. Do you have the exact reference? Is this the only place this thought is expressed?
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Which enemies was Rav Huna running away from?

Yerushalmi, Pesachim 1.1: דאמר רב הונא כד הוינן ערקין באילין בוטיתא דסדרא רבה היו מדליקין עלינו נרות בשעה שהיו כיהים היינו יודעין שהוא יום ובשעה שהיו מבהיקין היינו יודעין שהוא לילה The Talmud ...
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1answer
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Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Yerushalmi

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Bavli asks: I heard there is a style of Talmud study somewhere, where as a verse presents itself in the Talmud, the student would learn the entire chapter from תנ״...
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The application of the dispute about the borders of Babylon

The Talmud (Kiddushin 71b) discusses the differences in the lineage of people from different places in the vicinity of Bavel (Babylon) by analogy of health. Bavel is healthy (has a good lineage), ...
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62 views

Who was a סרקייא?

Throughout Talmud Yerushalmi, there are references to סרקייא. The translation I am using translates it "Saracen," but that seems anachronistic. One reference in Bava Metzia indicates it is a non-...
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109 views

Why is it that when rishonim quote Talmud Yerushalmi they don't quote the daf?

Why is it that when rishonim quote from the Talmud Yerushalmi they don't quote the daf?
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Did Amoraim in Bavel study or know of the Talmud Yerushalmi?

The Talmud Yerushalmi was completed while the Amoraim in Bavel were still debating and discussing halachos that would be recorded later on the Talmud Bavli. I'd like to know if we can know or assume ...
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382 views

Are there references to Jesus in the Jerusalem Talmud?

In my online search I have not come across any references to Jesus in the Talmud Yerushalmi. I realize in the Bavli sometimes he is not identified by name or passages are censored/removed. I would ...
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216 views

What happened in R' Chananya's penthouse (18 Dvarim)?

Speaking of Beyt Shamai, Yerushalmi Shabbat 9a also here: Background: "ואלו הן ההלכות שאמרו בעליית חנניה בן חזקיה בן גרון שעלו לבקרו ונמנו ורבו ב"ש על ב"ה ושמנה עשר דברים גזרו בו ביום:" ...
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1answer
188 views

Why the Jerusalem Talmud is not mentioned in the Bavli?

The JT was compiled some 150-200 years before the Bavli (WIKI), so the most of the disputes in the Bavli took place when the JT was already finished. The Rabbis (Tannayim and Amorayim) traveled all ...
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Can the Midrash be included in “Talmud Yerushalmi”

When saying or writing "Talmud Yerushalmi" can this include (or refer to) the Midrash For example. In the Tanya (Chabad) chapter 37 it says ובכל תלמוד ירושלמי היא נקראת בשם מצוה סתם But it was ...
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1answer
291 views

Why no Yerushalmi on the end of Shabbat?

Any ideas why the last 4 chapters of Shabbat have no Yerushalmi? Only the Mishnayot are printed, with no Gemara. By comparison, the last 4 chapters of Shabbat in the Bavli stretch over 15 Daf. Are ...
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1answer
310 views

Why Did Talmud Bavli decide to differ from Talmud Yerushalmi by starting on page 2?

Follow up to Why does the gemarah start on daf bet?. The accepted (and most voted) answer says: The simple explanation is that this is how the printers typeset it This sounds like this decision was ...
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857 views

Why is Talmud Bavli studied more than Yerushalmi?

I'm far from an expert on either Bavli or Yerushalmi. But, I'm curious as to why yeshivot (and, to an extent, even individual adults learning by themselves, chevruta or via shiurim) study Bavli far ...
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Were all future Torah innovations taught to Moshe at Har Sinai?

Pirkei D'Rabbi Eliezer Ch. 2-------פרקי דרבי אליעזר פרק ב אמר לו, (רבי יוחנן לרבי אליעזר) אמשול לך משל למה הדבר דומה, למעין זה שהוא נובע ומוציא מים, ויש בכוחו להוציא מים יותר ממה שהוא מכניס. כך ...
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Giving up ones life על קידוש ה׳ not to transgress גילוי עריות

Are there any instances in Shas (Bavli or Yerushalmi) or even records of history where a group or even an individual gave up their life not to transgress גילוי עריות, Adultery?
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Yerushalmi about davening with a Tzadik

Rav Hershel Schachter gave a shiur (on numerous topics on maseches berachos) explaining the machlokes between chassidim and litvaks concerning davening bzmano. He mentioned that the chassidim were ...
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1answer
141 views

Is there a special hadran on Yerushalmi?

Inspired by DoubleAA. Is there a special text one should say on finishing a Masechta in Yerushalmi?
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Why no manuscripts of Talmud survive in the Arab lands?

http://halakhah.com/talmud/nezikin_h.html: ...Munich manuscript which covers the whole Talmud and dates from the year 1334. Alas, that that is the only complete manuscript of the Talmud in ...
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1answer
111 views

How far must one suffer for Arba Kosos?

As discussed here, the Yerushalmi (Pesachim 10:1) notes that some Amoraim suffered tremendous headaches from drinking the Arba Kosos that lasted for weeks, if not months. (I'm not sure what the events ...
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231 views

Responses to the Chacham and Tam

In the Haggadah, the response to the Chacham is teaching him the halachos of Pesach, whereas the response to the Tam is that Hashem took us out of Mitzraim with a strong arm. Yet, in the Yerushalmi, ...
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3answers
222 views

Trying to Understand the Riddle of Bar Kappara

Bar Kappara (possibly Eliezer haKappar, possibly his son Shimon) was a tanna who was known, within the Talmud, for his unusual antics and unchecked speech. In Nedarim 51a, he causes Rebbi to laugh out ...
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Source for Hashem standing up for a zaken

Yerushalmi, Bikkurim 3:3 (also, Y. Rosh Hashanah 1:3) says that Hashem stood up before a zaken for the first time: רבי סימון אמר הקב”ה (ויקרא יט) מפני שיבה תקום והדרת פני זקן ויראת מאלהיך אני ה’ ...
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283 views

Marriage: get out of jail free card?

The Yerushalmi (Bikkurim 3:3/11b) says that a chassan has his sins atoned for. This is derived from Esav, who married a woman, the daughter of Yishmael and sister of Navos, named Machalas (Bereishis ...
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315 views

Davening to change nature

In Mashcehes Brachos (Bavli) 60 the Gemara states that one should not pray that his unborn baby be a boy if it's after the time the baby has formed already in the womb. However, in Masheches Brachos ...
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411 views

Does Rav discourage study of Scripture?

I read the following on Yerushalmi Online: Rav said: As soon as man goes forth from Halachic to Scripture study he no longer has peace. And Shmuel said: It means one who leaves Talmud for ...
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1answer
331 views

What is greater: nevua or ruach hakodesh?

What is greater: nevua or ruach hakodesh? Which one is a higher level, prophecy or holy spirit? In Yerushalmi Succa Perek 1 Halacha 5 we find Yona ben Amiti, a novi, went to simchas beis hashuava ...
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1answer
149 views

Does any Jewish group follow Yerushalmi only?

Does any Jewish group follow Yerushalmi over Bavli? Thank you.