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Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history.

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Story of Megaddalela, rabbi tells man to marry woman of ill-repute

I once read a story in the Talmud about a woman of ill-repute named Megaddalela, whom a rabbi told a man to marry. I used it for a research project and can no longer find the original source. And I do ...
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Why is “marriage effective contingent upon the approval of the Sages”?

In Gittin 33a, Kesuvos 3a we learn that Rabbanan have the power to uproot a kiddushin because: כל דמקדש אדעתא דרבנן מקדש ואפקעינהו רבנן לקידושין מיניה When a man betroths a woman, he does so ...
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Even though “ayn shliach l'dvar aveirah” does the person who sent him also get a punishment?

The Mishnah in Bava Kamma 59a tells us that if Reuven sent a חרש שוטה וקטן to do a destructive act he'd be "פטור בדיני אדם וחייב בדיני שמים" exempt in a human court, but liable in the court ...
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Is there a difference between “kareis” and “misas be'dei shamayim?”

They sound very similar- is there a difference between them or are they interchangeable and pretty much mean the same thing?
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3answers
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Are there unresolved ‘tekus’ in the Talmud later resolved in responsum?

Often in the Talmud questions are asked which do not yield a result. These non-answers are called ‘teku’ (תיקו). Frequently, the questions which are left with teku are those which are far-fetched. ...
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In regard to a Sotah, does “zchus tola la” also apply to the person she was mezanah with?

By a Sotah, there's a concept of "zchus tola lah" Mishnah Sotah 3:4 אִם יֶשׁ לָהּ זְכוּת, הָיְתָה תוֹלָה לָהּ. יֵשׁ זְכוּת תּוֹלָה שָׁנָה אַחַת, יֵשׁ זְכוּת תּוֹלָה שְׁתֵּי שָׁנִים, יֵשׁ זְכוּת ...
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What are the 3 shvuot that are d'oraisa?

I know that a shvuat heses is drabanan. I think modeh b'miktzas is one, and that shvuat hashomrim is another, but what is the third? (and are the 2 I mentioned correct) Thanks!
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The Names of Yehudis, Antiyochus or Yochanan Kohein Godol in the Torah

The Gemara in Chullin 139b says the following: From where in the Torah can one find an allusion to the hanging of Haman? He replied: The verse states after Adam ate from the tree of knowledge: “...
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What are the steps to learn via Aliba DaHilchasa? [duplicate]

How does one learn Aliba Dehilchasa? What are the main steps? Does it mean to learn the Gemara and then look up the Halacha? Does it mean to Learn a Pasuk then a Gemara then a Halacha? Does it ...
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1answer
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Why is it that when rishonim quote Talmud Yerushalmi they don't quote the daf?

Why is it that when rishonim quote from the Talmud Yerushalmi they don't quote the daf?
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Did Amoraim in Bavel study or know of the Talmud Yerushalmi?

The Talmud Yerushalmi was completed while the Amoraim in Bavel were still debating and discussing halachos that would be recorded later on the Talmud Bavli. I'd like to know if we can know or assume ...
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List of which Rishonim wrote on each Masechta?

I would like to know if anyone has made a comprehensive list/chart of which Rishonim wrote on each masechta in shas. Such a list would include details such as: Masechtos where Rashi is not rashi, the ...
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1answer
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Are there any audio recordings of the Gemara?

929 Project has recordings of Tanach in which a voice actor reads the given chapter of Tanach in the original Hebrew with intonations that fit the subject matter (example). This can be useful for ...
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What's the longest “‫אמר ר׳ X אמר ר׳ Y‬” in the Talmud?

What's the longest "‫אמר ר׳ X אמר ר׳ Y‬" in the Talmud? For example Kiddushin 39: ואינהו כמאן סברוה? כי הא דתניא:‏ רבי אלעזר בר׳ יוסי אומר משום ר׳ יוסי בן דורמסקה שאמר משום ...
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Why does Rabba bar Mari in the Talmud quote Ben Sira as a part of “the Writings” when it is not in the Ketuvim section of the Tanakh?

As revealed in the answer here, in Bava Kama 92b, Rava asks Rabba bar Mari for the source of a popular saying, and Rabba bar Mari answers with five different sources for it. The third verse, which is ...
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When two opinions differ how the Halachah is made? [closed]

Lets supose that in talmud sage A say that something is permitted and sage B say that something is not permitted, what opinion should we follow? Have seen some places that the difference is absurd, ...
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The methodology of Mesores haShas

In Mesores haShas (printed in the margins of the Vilna Shas), is there any order to the sequence of quoted masekhtas? For example, on Sanhedrin 105b, a story is related that concerns the length of ...
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Are There Two Kinds of “Don't Read” Expositions?

In The Practical Talmud Dictionary, by Yitzchak Frank, one can read that there are two kinds of “don’t read” expositions: one “not only in accordance with its Masoretic vocalization, but in accordance ...
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What kind of ‘rocking boat’ is Menachos 94 referring to?

The Gemara in Menachos 94b says: רבי חנינא אמר כמין תיבה פרוצה ר' יוחנן אמר כמין ספינה רוקדת Rabbi Ḥanina says: It was rectangular, with a wide base and two parallel walls with an open space ...
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1answer
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Why is the halacha like Beis Hillel?

It is a known rule that the halacha is like Beis Hillel unless explicitly stated. The Gemara (Eiruvin 13b) says Beis Hillel and Beis Shammai argued for three years until a bas kol called out and said ...
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Sources for receiving blessing through Mitzvot

I am searching for sources for the concept that a Jew keeping the Mitzvot will ultimately bring blessing to / not keeping the Mitzvot will bring destruction to: A) himself/herself B) the Jewish ...
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Know who the Tanna/Amora is before trying to understand what he said?

The Maharats Chiyus (or Chayos) writes in his Mavo HaAgados that not all of Chazal were born equal, so to speak. More specifically, that among Chazal, there are different levels of intelligence, ...
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What is the issue with Rabbi Tarfon's redeeming of first-borns in Bechoros 51?

Bechoros 51b: וכך היה מנהגו של רבי טרפון שהיה נוטל ומחזיר וכששמעו חכמים בדבר אמרו קיים זה הלכה זו הלכה זו ותו לא אלא קיים זה אף הלכה זו This was how Rabbi Tarfon [the Kohen] used to deal with ...
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Distance between foundation stone and western wall

What is the distance between the foundation stone and the western wall? Does the Talmud or anything say anything about the distance?
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What's the difference between “Tanya” and “Tanu Rabanan”?

The Gemara often introduces a braysa by using the term "Tanu Rabanan" or the term "Tanya". Assuming there is a difference, what is the difference?
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What is/was the Bat Kol?

The Talmud records people "hearing" the Bas Kol. The Talmud also says that a bas kol goes out even nowadays. My question is, what is the nature of this bas kol? Is it a sound? If so why can't I hear ...
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Why is the first mishna of Brachos included in the Ein Yaakov?

Rav Yaakov ibn Habib collected aggadeta from the shas bavli and yerushalmi. He called this collection Ein Yaakov. He also wrote a commentary on a bunch of it which is called HaKoseiv. The very first ...
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Is there is any way to learn the names of people who were working on the preparation of the Vilna Shas? [closed]

A lot of people worked on the Romm's Vilna Talmud published in 1880. Is there is any way to get their names?
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Torah prohibition of Shofar on Shabbos Rosh Hashanah?

The Torah says Rosh Hashanah is a יום תרועה, a day of shofar blasts, and זכרון תרועה, a remembrance of shofar blasts. This seems like a contradiction. The Gemara (Rosh Hashanah 29b) suggests that the ...
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Moshiach and the Talmud sealing

So I've heard many times that the Talmud is sealed and there's no arguing with it or repealing rabbinical decrees. But I've also heard that when Moshiach comes his court will repeal many decrees. But ...
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Has Elul Been Made Full Since the Time of Ezra?

In the Gemara in Rosh Hashanah (19b) it says: והאמר רבי חיננא בר כהנא א"ר מימות עזרא ואילך לא מצינו אלול מעובר לא מצינו דלא איצטריך הא איצטריך מעברינן ליה Didn’t Rabbi Chinnana bar Kahana ...
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“Not being precise” (Rashi) in recording the Oral Torah

This is a very loaded question, but I would like to work it out intellectually, please. I would like to understand a basic premise of Rashi that reflects on my understanding of the transferring of ...
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1answer
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Was There a Specific Location that the Babylonian Talmud was Written

The exact (think GPS) location of many biblical sites are known. We know exectly where Abraham bound Issac and suspect that is the same spot where the Holy of Holies was. Some of the ancient sites (or ...
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2answers
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What is the image on many volumes of Shas called?

Does anyone know the official name of the 4-poled structure in the middle of the image below (of a cover of a volume of the Talmud)? I'm pretty sure that this 'structure' has a name, but my intense ...
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3answers
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Gaining Weight?

I’m trying to gain weight. I know sometimes the Gemara discusses how to do certain things in daily life. Does any text refer to how to gain weight? If it doesn’t, please let me know though. Thanks!
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A group of extremely pious folks

In the Talmud, I think it is in berachos, there is mentioned a group of extremely pious people. Does anyone know the name of this group?
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Why is a Moaviyah acceptable to marry?

The pasuk (Dev 23:4) says that a Moavi and Amoni cannot marry into the Jewish people. The stated reasons are that they did not provide bread and water (as mentioned in Dev 23) and "he" hired Bil'am. ...
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How is the male skeleton different from female?

This question is a follow-up to "Different-counts-of-the-248-organs-". As we see from the Mishnah in Ohalot 1,8, only the bones are counted as organs, namely a bone that has a sinew and some flesh. ...
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Different counts of the 613 (248) organs - bones or soft tissues?

First read the related questions here (mitzvot-and-their-body-parts and here (613-organs. The Mishnah in Ohalot (1:8) states that there are 248 organs and lists all of them: "מָאתַיִם ...
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Learning from stories that are impossible to negate

The Talmud is full of Musar stories in the following pattern: a Rabbi did X and G-d made him Y, therefore we all should do X so G-d will make us Y. In many cases, G-d's reaction can be the opposite ...
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Anti-altering measures of the Oral Torah

The Oral Torah was [presumably] forbidden to be written down. The Gemmorah clearly shows that even in a span of 100 years there were huge differences in recalling the Mishnaic formulas. For example "...
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Source for galuta d'galuta גלותא דגלותא?

I so clearly remember from my days of Talmud study the phrase גלותא דגלותא, meaning a place that was REALLY far away, seriously in exile, "deep diaspora", totally removed from eretz yisrael. Maybe it ...
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In the Talmud is there a way to distinguish when a verse is brought as מקור or אסמכתא?

The Talmud is full of the standard procedure of the Sages interpreting Tanakh verses to learn various laws and behaviors. Is there a way to tell when a Rabbi cites a Pasuk as a traditionally known ...
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119 views

Rishon who holds killing in an upward motion is more negligent

The Mishnah (Makkos 2:1) teaches that someone who kills inadvertently is sent to exile, if and only if they killed in a downward motion. If it was in an upward motion, there is no exile. Is this ...
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Proof text in Rosh Hashanah for month of mating season

The Gemara in Rosh Hashanah on 11a says: ר' יהושע אומר מנין שבניסן נברא העולם שנא' (בראשית א, יב) ותוצא הארץ דשא עשב מזריע זרע ועץ עושה פרי איזהו חדש שהארץ מליאה דשאים ואילן מוציא פירות הוי ...
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3answers
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Sheilos U'Tshuvos on Gemara

I'm preparing classes on the beginning of Bava Metziah and I would like to present the information through the lens of the Rabbonim that used the Gemara to answer Sheilos. Does anyone know of a Sefer ...
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64 views

Why is the format for referencing books sometimes backwards?

The Rambam is usually reference in the following way: פרק א׳ מהלכות ק״ש הלכה ט׳ - chapter 1 from from hilchos kerias shma, halacha 9. Why is it referenced this way? Why not the way many ...
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1answer
67 views

Talmudic Source Mechitzah?

What's the source in the Talmud for the mechitzah? I have yet to run across it. Also as an aside, I've been to a lot of Synagogues from Talmudic times, and I have yet to find any mechitzah type of ...
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1answer
76 views

Source in the Gemara about seven qualities of an individual's personality

I recently heard a Torah lesson in which the speaker mentioned that according to the Gemara there are seven different sections or aspects of a person: How people view you Your deepest emotional needs ...
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1answer
910 views

The Messiah's hair will be greenish?

I think I saw somewhere in the Gemara (almost certain it was in a commentary, not the text itself) that the Messiah's hair will be ירקרקת (green/greenish/blonde)? Unfortunately, I cannot seem to ...