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Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history.

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If giving tzedakah money to parents is a “disrespectful matter” (Talmud, Kiddushin 32a), is giving tzedakah to other relatives a bad idea as well?

My question is going to be a bit complicated so stay with me before you mark it as a duplicate. In my previous question Is giving money to parents considered a tzedaka?, I received answers that it's ...
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Does Amorayim read berayta in Gemara rather than recite it

I noticed a very atypical expression on Yevamot 40a: יתיב ר' חנינא קרא קמיה דר' ינאי ויתיב וקאמר הלכה כר' יהודה א"ל פוק קרי קרייך לברא אין הלכה כר' יהודה תני תנא קמיה דרב נחמן אין הלכה כר' יהודה א"...
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Is there anything in the Tanakh or Talmud about co-wives helping raise the child of other co-wives upon widowhood (or absence of husband)?

I just met an Israeli woman, who said that she became a widow when her first and only child was five years old. She said that if it wasn't for her husband having more than one wife, with whom she ...
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What do these phrases mean, “come as one” and “teach a precedent”?

What do these phrases mean, "come as one" and "teach a precedent"? I think "come as one" means, they "are both the same" (?), but I am not sure this is the meaning of this in the phrase quoted below. ...
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Which enemies was Rav Huna running away from?

Yerushalmi, Pesachim 1.1: דאמר רב הונא כד הוינן ערקין באילין בוטיתא דסדרא רבה היו מדליקין עלינו נרות בשעה שהיו כיהים היינו יודעין שהוא יום ובשעה שהיו מבהיקין היינו יודעין שהוא לילה The Talmud ...
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Circular reasoning in deriving the time that kohanim can eat terumah and the time that the evening Shema can be recited

The very first Mishnah (Berachot 1:1) states that the earliest time for the recitation of the evening Shema is the time that kohanim can eat terumah: מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה שהכהנים נכנסים ...
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Types of Magic according to Judaism

The Jewish sources speak in many places about magic e.g shemot 7,11 7,22 Vayikra 19,27 etc. Are there different types? if so what are they?
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What is the translation of the word Talmud and Gemara and why those words?

The word Talmud and Gemara is used to refer to the written down Oral Law (written down somewhere between 500CE-1000CE?). What is the English translation of those two words and why were they chosen/...
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“Teiku” (תיקו): why Eliyahu and not Moshe Rabbeinu to resolve unanswered Talmudic questions?

Sometimes in the Talmud when there's a difficult question, the Talmud concludes with "תיקו". Usually "Teiku" is translated to mean "let it stand" but another suggestion is that "תיקו" is actually ...
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Is there a specific reason/ common theme why we ONLY rule like Abaye in the “יע”ל קג“ם” (Yaal Kigam)? [duplicate]

We pasken like Abaye in 6 places in Shas: 1) "יאוש שלא מדעת" (Bava Metzia 21b) whether despair of recovering a lost item that one didn't know about is considered a conscious feeling אביי אמר לא ...
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Are there accepted rules for the exposition of a set of juxtaposed verses (סמוכים)?

This question came about from learning Gemoro Brochos 21b but the question is not limited to this daf. The Gemoro Brochos 21b quotes Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi as expounding verses Devorim 4 (9 & ...
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Why did the Savoraim only emend certain parts of the Talmud?

I remember learning that Savoraim added certain parts to the Talmud- ex: the beginning of Kiddushin (2a-3a) & parts of Bava Metzia. (feel free to add additional examples) Any idea why they ...
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Do angels make requests of G-d?

Do angels make any requests of G-d besides praising and thanking Him?
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Is living outside Israel a sin according to Talmud?

In Berachot 57a:15 Chazal mention that one who sees a dream of himself standing naked in Babylonia, it's a sign that he is free of transgression. Then it's written that "living outside of Israel is ...
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Which rabbis in the Talmud were placed under cherem?

Which rabbis in the Talmud were placed under cherem (excommunication)? We know about Rabbi Eliezer Bava Metzia 59b and Rabbi Akavia ben Mahalal’el [Eduyyot 7b, but see discussion there]. Anybody ...
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1answer
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Why one's daughter is not mentioned in Arayos in the Torah?

Gemmorah Yevomos 2b: אלא בתו כיון דאתיא מדרשא חביבא ליה With regard to his daughter, since this prohibition is actually derived from a homiletical interpretation and is not explicitly stated ...
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How was it decided when the period of Tannaim ended and the period of Amoraim began? [duplicate]

The era of the Tannaim was from 10-220 CE The era of the Amoraim was from 200 to 500 CE A couple questions: 1) Who or what flipped the switch to determine that one era was ending and another was ...
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Rav or Rebbi Acha Sar HaBirah?

R' Acha Sar HaBirah is mentioned in a few places in shas. Rashi tells us that 'Sar HaBirah' was his nickname. However, in some places his title is רב, while in other places he is mentioned as רבי. ...
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Giving credit where credit is due [duplicate]

-The Talmud says, in two places, "He who reports a saying in the name of its author brings deliverance to the world." [Megillah 15a; Chullin 104b] -The Talmud is very careful to always attribute its ...
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Does the term ha-ruach ha-qadosh occur in the Talmud, Midrash, and other rabbinical literature?

The phrase ruach qadosh ('holy spirit') appears only three times in the Tanakh (Tehillim 51:13, Yeshayahu 63:10 and 11), each time with a possessive adjective ('your,' 'His') and never with a definite ...
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Instances in Shas where Tosfos quotes the Rambam?

I'm aware of one instance where Tosfos quotes the Rambam: Menachos 42b- Tosfos dibbur ha'maschil "תפילין יש להן בדיקה" where right at the beginning we see Tosfos write "וכן פי' ה"ר משה בר מיימון". ...
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Gemara word for QED

I'm trying to remember the Gemara word for the equivalent of QED, when an argument would be settled between competing opinions and nothing more would be said about the issue.
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Stipulated Kiddushin case Halachah

I was presented with the following scenario, that differs a bit from the one in Kiddushin (48-50) and couldn't figure the Halacha: A man gives a woman a coin of unknown value before Kosher witnesses (...
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Mishnayot not in Bavli

Does anyone know of a list of all Mishnayot to which there is no Gemara in Talmud Bavli? I.e., those Mishnayot that are not quoted at the head of a section of their own Gemara. Apologies if this ...
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Why learn either Rambam or Shas?

Why learn either Rambam or Shas being that we don't pasken straight from a Gemara nor do we Ashkenazim from the Rambam? And being that the Rambam says in his introduction that his work (Yad Chazakah) ...
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Missing line in Tractate Megillah

At Sefaria there is a kind of commentary on Talmud called ‘Daf Shevui’. Commenting on Meg. 15b the author writes: The Attribute of Justice argues before God—why do you give this reward to righteous ...
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What does it mean to “know Shas”? [closed]

I've seen many sefarim that talk about finishing Shas, simply put, going through the sugyos and understanding them, even if you forget it. But what does it mean to "know Shas"? Does that mean I know ...
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List of easiest mesachtos according to Chazal

Is there a source anywhere that show us in any way what Chazal thought were the easiest to hardest Talmud Bavli tractates?
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How to understand this Tosfos in Megila 5b

This is a Tosfos from Megilah 5b which is talking about lessening the different type of work(s) of simcha on Purim. However, I'm a bit troubled on understanding the last 6 words. What does Tosfos mean?...
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What does it mean “studying Torah as Moses did”?

Temura 15b: כל אשכולות שעמדו להן לישראל מימות משה עד שמת יוסף בן יועזר היו למדין תורה כמשה רבינו מכאן ואילך לא היו למדין תורה כמשה רבינו (Sefaria doesn't have a translation) The discussion in the ...
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Could “Panim Chadashot” be fulfilled by FaceTime/ Skype?

In Maseches Kesuvos 7b we learn about the requirement of "panim chadashot" (lit: new faces) for every day of sheva brachos (codified in Even Ha'Ezer 62:7). Could the requirement of panim chadashot be ...
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Numbers of Exaggeration in Talmud

I remember seeing an early authoritative source (Rishonim, maybe a Tosfos?) that noted which numbers are always (technically not always) used by the Rabbis to indicate exaggeration in stories (60, 300,...
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Should we be acting like the Amoraim in the Gemara? [duplicate]

Babylonian Talmud, as well as Yerushalmi Shas, are the source to all the Halachos and many Minhagim. Although I have a question, there are some times throughout Shas that we find one Amora saying to ...
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R' Chanina B"T's strange behavior at his execution (Kalah 5, 4)

We all know the heroic story of R' Chanina Ben Tardion in its version in Avodah Zarah 18b as he was wrapped in Sefer Torah and burned alive. Interestingly, Masechet Kalah 5, 4 (sorry couldn't find a ...
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Why is the principle of Svarah a source for some Halachik concepts but not others?

There are instances in the Talmud (usually fleshed out by the Rishonim) where we learn a concept that is **so logical** that we don't need a pasuk or drasha to teach it to us, THAT'S how logical it is....
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Why isn't a divorced woman mentioned in the first mishna of Maseches Kesuvos?

Maseches Kesuvos 2a begins with: בתולה נשאת ליום הרביעי ואלמנה ליום החמישי A virgin is married on Wednesday and a widow on Thursday. The ensuing dafim tell us the reasons why these days were ...
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Where do we learn that students are like offspring?

Is there a quote in the Talmud that says something like "anyone who teaches a child Torah is like he is his parent?"
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Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Yerushalmi

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Bavli asks: I heard there is a style of Talmud study somewhere, where as a verse presents itself in the Talmud, the student would learn the entire chapter from ...
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Which Mesivta volumes contain appendixes?

I’d like to compile a list of the various features found at the end of select Mesivta volumes. They usually provide extra help with Gemara study using fancy charts and the like.
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Segulos pertaining to individual Gemara Mesechtos

Are there certain segulos for learning certain Gemara Mesechtos (Bavli or Yerushalmi)?
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Why aren't people named after the rabbis from the Talmud? [duplicate]

Besides a couple names (ex: Akiva, Ashi) you don't really see many people over the course of history who have names that originated from the Talmud- ie "Huna", "Abaye", "Zevid", "Puppa" etc. Why do ...
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A compendium of Shas Concepts?

Is there a sefer, a website, or an app with all the concepts in Shas? Halachic Concepts such as - "Women are exempt from time-bound commandments".
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What exactly is the meaning of “I will hide [haster asteir] my face on that day?”

[This is a long and complicated question, but if you want just scroll down to the end summary to get the main points] It says in the Talmud Chagiga Daf 139b, it says "Where is Ester from the ...
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Generally speaking, how should one interpret Mishnayos that go off-tangent?

To pose a few examples of the types of Mishnayos I'm speaking about: Pesachim 4:1-5 discusses various activities which depend on the local custom, most of which have nothing to do with Pesach Gittin ...
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The Kabbalistic aspect of Gemara Rashi, Tosfos

Are there any sources that talk about the Kabbalistic aspect of Gemara Rashi Tosfos? The effect it has in ones life and the upper worlds?
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Explanation of Makkot 15a [closed]

Makkot 15a begins by asking: Why did Rabbi Yohanan say something and then claim he did not say it? I don't understand the Gemara's answer to that question. Can anybody explain it to me?
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Different kinds of Moshav Leitzim clowns

On Gemore Avoda Zara 18b, there's a list of multiple Moshav Leitzim examples: תנו רבנן ההולך לאיצטדינין ולכרקום וראה שם את הנחשים ואת החברין בוקיון ומוקיון ומוליון ולוליון בלורין סלגורין הרי זה ...
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Interpretations of (pseudo)hallucinations vis a vis the Talmud’s interpretations of dreams

The Talmud (last chapter of Berachot, 55a ff.) contains a long treatment interpreting various visions one may experience “בחלום” (in a dream). If when under the influence of a psychoactive drug an ...
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How to feel about not liking Gemara?

Is there any literature discussing the idea that someone could simply not like learning Gemara or find it very difficult and painful to learn? I'm looking for sources that discuss how to respond to ...
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How to understand Chullin 127a: “All found on land is found also in the sea?” [duplicate]

(saw a similar question suggested) How are we to understand the gemara from Chullin 127a which states: "כל שיש ביבשה יש בים" all that exists on land there is an equivalent animal in the sea ...