Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history.

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251 views

Talmudic concept of a sensitive individual--“istus?”

There is a Talmudic term I've heard mentioned in passing but have not been able to locate. It relates to the concept of a person who is especially sensitive to physical discomfort in situations such ...
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Are there examples of Tanaim, Amoraim,Rishonim, Achronim using secular sources for Limud Torah?

For instance, although I cannot find the source-I do believe the Vilna Gaon told a Talmid of his to translate the Elements of Euclid (Geometric proofs, inter Alia) to Hebrew in order to augment ...
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Gemara quoting nonexistent pasuk

In Brakhot 61a and Eruvin 18b, Rav Naḥman bar Yitzḥak quotes a nonexistent pasuk: מתקיף לה רב נחמן בר יצחק אלא מעתה גבי אלקנה דכתיב וילך אלקנה אחרי אשתו Tosafot there says it is a mistake since ...
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A Baby Too Large?

Apparently there is a gemara which says if a fetus is too large for the mother, then the mother is put in danger. (Heard in a recorded shiur) Where is this gemara? [As a bonus point, why would Hashem ...
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Does the Talmud continue to use extra Tanachic sources?

I'm trying to draw an analogy between the written and the oral Torah. After the Mishna was signed, the Sages continued to use extra-Mishnaic sources forever (Toseftah, Midrashim, etc). After the 24 ...
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Did Hillel the Elder committed a Gezel? [duplicate]

Can the the famous story of Hillel the Elder, who couldn't pay to enter Beit Midrash and instead listened from the outside to his teachers, be considered as an act of Gezel? Yoma 35b:7-8 Hillel ...
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1answer
243 views

Source for: Abstaining from sin being considered a mitzvah in Talmud Bavli

I remember seeing a passage in Talmud Bavli saying something along the lines of: "every moment that a person sits and does not engage in sin, he is considered to be doing a mitzvah." I'm not able to ...
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Did Rabbi Akiva accept arguments from ignorance?

There's a common principle found in various academic disciplines, that absence of proof does not equal proof of absence (ie: a lack of evidence for something doesn't mean that it does not exist). I am ...
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What animal is ערוד (Arod)?

I'm a visual learner. Now, I've been learning Daf 33a in Meseches Brachos and I came across the word ערוד, which Rashi explains as a hybrid of a Snake and a Toad. I was wondering if anyone ever saw a ...
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What are some sefarim that go through the Chakirot of ש״ס?

It would also help if the sefer demonstrates some foundations of the applications of those chakirot.
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What are some good modern Brisker/Chakira based analysis sefarim by masechta?

I'm a big fan of the Brisker/Chakira approach to gemara b'iyun and looking for a sefer that I can use to learn either alone or with a chavrusa. I'm looking for something in Hebrew, and (a) by ...
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How did the initial Mishnaic disagreements arise?

The Wikipedia on Tannaim says this Until the days of Hillel and Shammai (the last generation of the Zugot), there were few disagreements among Rabbinic scholars. After this period, though, the "...
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1answer
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Is there a list of all of the cases in the Talmud where תיקו (“Teiku”) is said?

Sometimes in the gemara there are questions that for whatever reason are unable to be answered, and to such a question the gemara simply says "teiku" (usually translated to mean "let it stand"). Does ...
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Hashem's Gratitude on Yom Kippur

Rav Aharon Kotler z"tl apparently would often say a Chazal during Yomim Noraim about Hashem having gratitude for us doing teshuva on Yom Kippur. Just like a king having a grand meal which he is afraid ...
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Did Albert Einstein really say he wished he would have “studied the Talmud?” [closed]

In Rabbi Aaron Parry's "The Complete Idiot's Guide to The Talmud," Rabbi Parry writes in the introduction: Is this a true statement, and if so is there a legitimate source where this statement can ...
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51 views

Did Beruriah add to, “Women are light-headed,” to say, “…except Beruriah”?

I'm seeing a couple of secondary sources which suggest, without citing a primary source, that Beruriah may have supplemented her husband's teaching "Women are light-headed", either orally or in ...
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In which order should Mesechtos be learned? [duplicate]

Are there any sources that state for a fact that one should one learn one mesechta before another? Or that perhaps one mesechta is more praiseworthy to learn then the other?
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Whoever saves one soul is like saving the whole world - Mishna edition [duplicate]

There is a famous quote from the Talmud: "Whoever saves one soul is like saving the whole world". The origin of this quote in the Babylonian Talmud is a Mishna (Sanhedrin 4:5), but the translation is ...
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Why doesn't the Talmud provide a list of the 613 commandments?

The Talmud says that there are 613 commandments in the Torah: Rabbi Simlai, when preaching, said: 613 precepts were communicated to Moses: 365 negative precepts, corresponding to the number of ...
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Authenticity of some personal stories in Gemmorah [duplicate]

The Gemmorah in Bavli Kiddushin 81a brings several similar stories: .ר' עקיבא הוה מתלוצץ בעוברי עבירה .יומא חד אידמי ליה שטן כאיתתא בריש דיקלא .נקטיה לדיקלא וקסליק ואזיל 'כי מטא לפלגיה דדיקלא ...
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What signs in Gemmorah suggest that a ruling must hold forever?

The reasoning of the Gemmorah's Rabbis is very fluid and everchanging, each generation offering new interpretations, considerations, measures, and decrees. Usually, the development of the Halachah, ...
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Elisha ben Abuya and Repentance

Talmud Bavli in Chagigah 15a says: ת"ר מעשה באחר שהיה רוכב על הסוס בשבת והיה רבי מאיר מהלך אחריו ללמוד תורה מפיו אמר לו מאיר חזור לאחריך שכבר שיערתי בעקבי סוסי עד כאן תחום שבת א"ל אף אתה חזור ...
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If the woman seduces the man, must he pay the penalty?

The Torah says if a man seduces a woman he must pay her 50 silver shekel and should marry her (Shemot 22,16): וְכִי־יְפַתֶּה אִישׁ בְּתוּלָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא־אֹרָשָׂה וְשָׁכַב עִמָּהּ מָהֹר יִמְהָרֶנָּה ...
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202 views

How to determine who offered the second Korban Tamid of the day?

The mishnah in Tamid 3:1 and Yoma 2:3 says there was a daily lottery for who would bring the (morning) Korban Tamid. There was another Korban Tamid every day. How was the person for the second Tamid ...
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7answers
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Study Mishna or Mishna-and-Gemara?

There are books and courses on studying the Mishna. Just the Mishna. Why would anyone want to study the Mishna by itself, without studying the Gemara at the same time? Practically speaking, when ...
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115 views

How does the gemara know where to start?

In any tractate, why isn't the background or explanatory information presented first? For example, why do the laws of Shechita not begin with the laws of Shechita? Masechet Chullin (and the Yoreh De'...
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451 views

Shortest amud or daf in Shas?

What is the shortest amud or daf in Shas? I vaguely remember seeing a daf that was only a couple lines of gemara or so (maybe in Pesachim?) but don't remember where it was. Daf in this case, ...
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How does frequency of a Sanhedrin killing make sense in light of the concept of “Kippah”?

The mishnah on Makkos 7a states: סנהדרין ההורגת אחד בשבוע נקראת חובלנית רבי אליעזר בן עזריה אומר אחד לשבעים שנה רבי טרפון ורבי עקיבא אומרים אילו היינו בסנהדרין לא נהרג אדם מעולם רשב"ג אומר אף הן ...
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Are there any “prerequisite” masechtot?

When I have taught Talmud classes to some beginners, I try to give them an overview of the tractate prior to starting it. Usually, I locate the relevant laws / verses in the Torah. I think it's tough ...
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Why can Avodah Zara be בטל בשישים?

If עבודה זרה is so strict, why can it be בטל by 1/60 in דבר שלא במינו? (see :עבודה זרה ע"ג)
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Why is there no gemara for Mikvaot? [duplicate]

I've been told that Niddah is the only masechet in Taharot with Gemara because it has practical applications even when there is no temple. But the halachot of Mikvaot are just as important nowadays ...
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Logic behind אם אינו ענין

Every now and again Chazal use a method of exegesis of the form אם אינו ענין ל___ תנהו לענין ___‏ which means that if a word or phrase is extra, due to the halacha it apparently teaches being ...
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What does the Shabbos Shel Mi mean?

In Maseches Shabbos, in between the perakim of Bameh Ishah and Bameh Beheimah, the Shabbos Shel Mi writes the following: דרשינן סמוכים פ' במה בהמה ובמה אשה כל הקרב הקרב כי לא לחנם הלך זרזיר אצל ...
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Which mishnah in Shas has the most daf between it and the subsequent mishnah?

Beginning from: one מתני׳ => gemara => the next מתני׳ Does anyone know which mishnah has the most dafim between it and the subsequent mishnah? My gut tells me Bava Basra due to its length (...
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Divorcing one's wife if “she burnt his food OR he saw someone prettier.” Huh?

The mishnah on Gittin 90a lists two starting reasons that could be grounds for divorcing one's wife: ובית הלל אומרים אפילו הקדיחה תבשילו שנאמר כי מצא בה ערות דבר ר' עקיבא אומר אפי' מצא אחרת נאה ...
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Longest to Shortest tractates of Bavli by daf

Guessing it's been asked & answered already but not seeing it clearly. I simply would like a listing of longest to shortest (or vice versa!) tractates in Bavli by daf, ideally listing the number ...
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261 views

Shoteh in the gemara

The Gemara in many places including Berachot 15b talks about a shoteh(imbecile). What type(characteristics)of people does the gemara refer to as "Shoteh"?
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Title “Rabbi” for Tanoim and Amoroim

Why do we find in the Mishna and Talmud that most תנאים and אמוראים were prefaced with the title "rabbi" but some were not?
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Who are “the women who twist yarn by the moon”?

Sotah 6:1 talks about when a man who hears about his wife violating his warning divorces her rather than invoking the sotah test: Someone who warned his wife [against being secluded with a certain ...
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If only a married woman can be a sotah, why does a non-spouse have authority to warn her?

Sotah 4:1 explains that certain women do not drink the sotah waters and do not receive the ketubah because they are not yet married and the torah says "she goes astray while married to her husband". ...
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If giving tzedakah money to parents is a “disrespectful matter” (Talmud, Kiddushin 32a), is giving tzedakah to other relatives a bad idea as well?

My question is going to be a bit complicated so stay with me before you mark it as a duplicate. In my previous question Is giving money to parents considered a tzedaka?, I received answers that it's ...
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148 views

Does Amorayim read berayta in Gemara rather than recite it

I noticed a very atypical expression on Yevamot 40a: יתיב ר' חנינא קרא קמיה דר' ינאי ויתיב וקאמר הלכה כר' יהודה א"ל פוק קרי קרייך לברא אין הלכה כר' יהודה תני תנא קמיה דרב נחמן אין הלכה כר' יהודה א"...
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1answer
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Is there anything in the Tanakh or Talmud about co-wives helping raise the child of other co-wives upon widowhood (or absence of husband)?

I just met an Israeli woman, who said that she became a widow when her first and only child was five years old. She said that if it wasn't for her husband having more than one wife, with whom she ...
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What do these phrases mean, “come as one” and “teach a precedent”?

What do these phrases mean, "come as one" and "teach a precedent"? I think "come as one" means, they "are both the same" (?), but I am not sure this is the meaning of this in the phrase quoted below. ...
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0answers
31 views

Which enemies was Rav Huna running away from?

Yerushalmi, Pesachim 1.1: דאמר רב הונא כד הוינן ערקין באילין בוטיתא דסדרא רבה היו מדליקין עלינו נרות בשעה שהיו כיהים היינו יודעין שהוא יום ובשעה שהיו מבהיקין היינו יודעין שהוא לילה The Talmud ...
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Circular reasoning in deriving the time that kohanim can eat terumah and the time that the evening Shema can be recited

The very first Mishnah (Berachot 1:1) states that the earliest time for the recitation of the evening Shema is the time that kohanim can eat terumah: מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה שהכהנים נכנסים ...
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3answers
175 views

Types of Magic according to Judaism

The Jewish sources speak in many places about magic e.g shemot 7,11 7,22 Vayikra 19,27 etc. Are there different types? if so what are they?
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1answer
49 views

What is the translation of the word Talmud and Gemara and why those words?

The word Talmud and Gemara is used to refer to the written down Oral Law (written down somewhere between 500CE-1000CE?). What is the English translation of those two words and why were they chosen/...
4
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3answers
109 views

“Teiku” (תיקו): why Eliyahu and not Moshe Rabbeinu to resolve unanswered Talmudic questions?

Sometimes in the Talmud when there's a difficult question, the Talmud concludes with "תיקו". Usually "Teiku" is translated to mean "let it stand" but another suggestion is that "תיקו" is actually ...
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28 views

Is there a specific reason/ common theme why we ONLY rule like Abaye in the “יע”ל קג“ם” (Yaal Kigam)? [duplicate]

We pasken like Abaye in 6 places in Shas: 1) "יאוש שלא מדעת" (Bava Metzia 21b) whether despair of recovering a lost item that one didn't know about is considered a conscious feeling אביי אמר לא ...