Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, metaphorical stories customs, and history.

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Does the discussion in Avoda Zara 26a/b about lowering, not raising, or raising different types of sinners from a pit involve court action?

Inspired by a comment on a related question, I'm seeking clarification on a detail of the discussion in Avoda Zara 26. The gemara discusses different opinions on whether one may raise from, must ...
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Why can a baby get Tzaraas?

Reference in Gemora Shabbos 133a Daf Yomi recently to tzaraas (skin disease see Leviticus 13) on the foreskin regarding mila (circumcission). This implies babies can have tzaraas. If tzaraas is not ...
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How long to get “good” at gemara? [closed]

Starting from 11th grade this year, I've been going to a dormitory yeshiva a few hours away from home and come back every off shabbos. Before that, I never been to Yeshiva, but since I was around 8 ...
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What is the difference between a “Chaver” and a regular Friend (Chaver)?

In the gemara it seems to sometimes refer to someone as a Chaver in a halachik sense and other times in a sense of meaning just a friend. What is the difference and how would one delineate between the ...
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The expression “תדע” in the Gemara

The expression Teda, תדע, is often found in Gemara, we can translate it as "you have to know". It is a weak argument, not as a proof from a Mishna or a proof ab absurdo or a logical argument. But it ...
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Why is the Kurkavon mentioned?

In Masheches Berachos daf 61b, the gemara mentions various body parts and their respective functions. It seems that the gemara is referring to human body parts, based off the gemaras premise (on daf ...
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Why use impossible cases to illustrate laws?

In Bava Kamma 27a we find the following scenario: If a man fell from a roof and was inserted into a woman [due to the force of the fall, but with no intention to engage in sexual intercourse,] he ...
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Source for the menorah represents the wisdoms of the world?

This blog post claims that the Meiri along with other Rishonim taught that the Menorah ,mentioned in Behalotecha represents the 7 wisdoms of the world. Quoted here: The Meiri and other Rishonim say ...
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What is the relationship between the tradition of the Pharisees and Rabbinic Judaism (Yahadut Rabanit)?

I am an Italian Noahide In several articles and studies I have read that the Rabbinic Judaism (Yahadut Rabanit) would have its roots in the Pharisaic tradition. However, here is what I read on a ...
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Gemara seems to ignore the Masoret

The Gemara Yoma quoted below enumerates five words in verses of the Pentateuque for which it's not clear, according to Issi Ben Yehuda if they are attached to the previous words or to the next words. ...
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Correct position when urinating

This might sound incredible ludicrous but please bear with me - after all a fellow Jew once told me how the Shulchan Aruch in a passage described how and when proper defecation should occur (feel free ...
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What is the plain meaning of this Gemara phrase?

אטו תנא כי רוכלא ליחשיב וליזיל - Should the tanna count out all of the words like a spice merchant?" What does this mean in plain English?
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What is a summary of each masechta in shas?

I would like to know what each masechta deals with. In a couple of sentences per tractate, can we have a summary of each?
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Why is there no Gemara on Avos?

Why is there no Gemara for Pirkei Avot? I can hear why Bavli has no Zeraim, and Yerushalmi has no Kodashim. But Pirkei Avos should have the most Gemara of all!
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Brisker seforim on chullin

I want to learn the style of brisker lomdus in conjunction with chullin. What are some good seforim for this? I asking specifically an analysis connected to the daf
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Takanas Ezra and the 9 Kabin

I would like to begin my question by making everyone aware that I am aware of this thread ( Why don't men go to the mikveh after relations/ejaculation? ) With that being said my question is ...
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List of out of place topics in the Talmud

I was talking with a rabbi, who mentioned that once he had seen a list of discussions in the Talmud (most probably authored by R' Eliashiv), that were in an unexpected place, and by learning only the ...
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Can I make a siyum on audio lessons?

Am I able to make a siyum on a mesechta that I learned by listening to audio lessons without actually reading any words inside? It appears that "shomea keoneh" wouldn't apply to audio recordings, so ...
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Berachot 3a - Verb choices regarding Temple destruction

Pesikta Rabasi (28 mid.) suggests that there are two aspects of the Temple. An upper [spiritual] one and a lower [physical] one. אחריבנו אמר רבי תחליפא בר קרויה באותה שעה נכנסו כל מלאכי השרת ועמדו ...
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Berachot 3a - Did Tosafot mix up the tannaic opinions?

The first couple of pages of Masechet Berachot deal largely with the various tannaic opinions as to the earliest time for the recital of Shema at night. The Talmud tries to figure out which of these ...
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Which is the longest and shortest Bavli Talmud tractate in terms of actual Talmud text? [duplicate]

I see that we have several questions related to the longest and shortest masechta in terms of pages (dapim). Many Gemarah pages have little text - some less than 10 lines because the Talmud text is ...
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Why would the Jewish sages, in Talmud Sanhedrin 98b, link the name of the Messiah to Isaiah 53:4?

Why would the Jewish sages (who don't believe that the messiah will suffer and die), in Talmud Sanhedrin 98b, link the name of the Messiah to Isaiah 53:4, where the context talked about someone that ...
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56 views

Why is a side of a Talmudic page called “amud”?

On some occasions, I have heard one side of a Talmudic page called tzad meaning "side". The more common term I have heard is amud meaning "pillar". Why is that term used, and when did this term first ...
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131 views

Can one make a siyum on “shas bavli” if he did not also finish the masechtos mishnayos that do not have gemara bavli on them?

I have heard that to make a siyum on shas bavli one must finish shisha sidrei mishna (and all bavli that there is). Is one required to learn the entire shisha sidrei mishna as well as all of the ...
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Sefarim on iyun mehalachim?

Are there any sefarim that methodically elaborate a particular Iyun mehalech (method)? For instance, the Brisker Derech by Moshe Wachtfogel provides insight into the brisker mehalech albeit to a terse ...
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Question about shidduchim and finding your bashert?

I know this is kind of a weird and long-shot question, but are there any Torah sources which mention signs (simanim) that a person is about to find their bashert? And are there are any sources which ...
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77 views

Can eilu veilu apply to historical/factual reality or not?

This answer by @Alex says Rashi (כתובות נז. ד"ה הא) already notes that "eilu v'eilu" is only applicable in a machlokes in sevarah, where sometimes one sevarah can be correct while at other times ...
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162 views

Is Gilgulei Neshamot ever mentioned in Shas?

I have heard that somewhere in Shas, there is a case of Gilgul neshama mentioned. Is there actually such a case, and where is this to be found?
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Has nature changed since Talmudic times

Looking at the Gemoro, people used to believe that babies born at 7 months were more likely to survive at 7 months than 8 months. A male is born face down whereas a female is born face up. Another ...
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Why doesn't the Talmud consider the possibility that the later court was greater in wisdom and number?

In discussing the source that Megillat Esther may be read on the 11th, 12th, or 13th of Adar in addition to the 14th and 15th of Adar, the Talmud (Megillah 2a) has the following exchange: What we ...
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How to learn with Rishonim?

I learn Gemara daily and I can read rather well through the text with Rashi and Tosafos. I would like to incorporate Rishonim into my learning. How do I do this? Do I look at them on every sugya? Do I ...
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Why are some stories in the Talmud? [closed]

I take the position that everything in the Talmud is there for a reason. That reason could be transmitting relevant facts through the generations. Even if they are not facts, surely there is a ...
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How could Yehoshua hold up the sky without the consequences in the natural order? [duplicate]

I heard one explanation of this passage in Sefer Yehoshua, that the "stopping" of the sun had to do with the ceasing of its light. Yehoshua arrives at Giv'on at night, and thus Yehoshua prays for the ...
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Talmud Bavli Sanhedrin 98b: an interpretation in a messianic sense of the figure of the “suffering servant” of Isaiah 52-53?

I’m an Italian noahide. I read in various Jewish sources, and also in this forum at The suffering servant? Yeshayahu- Isaiah - Chapter 53 that the figure of the "suffering servant" described in ...
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Difference between oz vehadar regular shas and the murchevet edition?

What are the differences between Oz Vehadar regular shas and the murchevet edition? Also has anyone seen the handcrafted chosen has that's 4500 NIS? Is it very nice? Thanks
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Source for tradition of discussing Halachic dead ends

Many times while discussing a possible interpretation of a Mishnah, the Gemmorah tries to offer "dead-end solutions" - possible ways of explanations that are knowingly false. NOTE: I don't ask WHY ...
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Halacha to discourage a convert once every 6 months?

A friend of mine told me that the halacha of discouraging a convert three times has a little nuance - the convert has to make the second and third attempt (to persuade the rabbi to let him convert) at ...
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Empirical evidence of Sages' intellectual superiority

Throughout ages, our Sages engaged in Halachic, scientific and philosophical arguments between themselves and with other nations' philosophers. We hold that the truthfulness of Talmudic discussions ...
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Why a round Succah is not Dirat Kevah (permanent dwelling)?

אחרים אומרים סוכה העשויה כשובך פסולה לפי שאין לה זויות Aḥerim (R'Meir?) say: A Succah built in a circular shape like a dovecote is unfit, because it does not have corners. [and a permanent residence ...
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Did anyone make an attempt to rearrange the Talmud by topics?

Given that many Sugiot in the Gemmorah are out of Masechet of their rational placements, and the fact that the Gemmora isn't "sacred" in its structure. Did anyone make an attempt to rearrange the ...
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What is “okinta”?

A friend of mine, a professional translator and interpreter, was stymied in her work by a word that some rabbis keep using when quoting Talmud, baraitot, Rambam, even Rav Kook. To her ear (she is a ...
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Is part of the Mediterranean sea considered Eretz Israel?

I heard that the Gemmorah discusses some islands in the Mediterranean sea as belonging to the Biblical Eretz Israel. Is the sea considered a part of Eretz Israel and what are practical ramifications ...
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Source that Amorayim are not required to know Beraitot/Toseftot

I was told that some Rishonim on Sha"s comment that Amorayim were not required to know Beraitot or Toseftot, they only were required to know the Mishna. Where's that source?
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Source for electricity in the times of the Talmud?

Many years ago I was told a story about an Amorah (Talmudic sage) who had an electric lamp, and when discovered said something along the lines of, the world isn't ready for this yet. I'm looking for ...
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114 views

Why did Hillel not turn a convert away three times, not even once. And convert them straight away?

Why did Hillel not turn a convert away three times, not even once? And why did he convert them straight away, when if seen by todays standards, they're the most terrible candidates. They were ...
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87 views

A little Yabam who made Yibum and died

See Mishna Yevamot 7.4. העובר, והיבם, והאירוסין, והחירש, ובן תשע שנים ויום אחד, פוסלין ולא מאכילין. ספק שהוא בן תשע שנים ויום אחד ספק שאינו, ספק הביא שתי שערות ספק לא הביא, נפל הבית עליו ועל בת ...
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129 views

Looking for a Tosafos

I remember seeing a Tosafos in Ksubos a while back which states that when a man gets married, he should go to his in-laws for the chag that follows his wedding. Does anyone know exactly where I can ...
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55 views

What other phrase did the rabbis use to describe “yom teruah” besides the ones below?

What other phrase did the rabbis use to describe "yom teruah" besides the ones below? Our rabbis of blessed memory gave additional "phrases" to describe or to name our holy days. For example, the ...
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Why let the Sages stay anonymous in arguments?

This bothers me a lot - the idea of using anonymous "Chachamim" in arguments. I don't understand why is it important or useful to hide their names. The Mishnah uses it extensively and makes it very ...
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888 views

I am 15 years old and do not go to a Yeshiva but would like to learn Talmud. A few rabbis near me said they could teach me. How should I start

I am 15 years old and do not go to a Yeshiva but would like to learn Talmud. There are many rabbis near me who said they would be willing to teach me. How should I start knowing that I only speak ...

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