Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, metaphorical stories customs, and history.

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120 views

Had Noah a wicked wife, son?

Is there any instance in Jewish literature that mentions that one of Noah's sons was a disbeliever who refused to come aboard the Ark, instead preferring to climb a mountain, where he drowned? or ...
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155 views

Hashem has doubt? [duplicate]

Masechet Shabbat says that when you give the benefit of the doubt, Hashem will give you benefit of the doubt. However, Hashem cannot have the benefit of the doubt. The benefit of the doubt relies on ...
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Where did the ancient rabbis say that reading הספרים החיצונים is forbidden? [closed]

Accordinng to Wikipedia : Apocrypha in Judaism Certain circles in Judaism, such as the Essenes in Judea and the Therapeutae in Egypt, were said to have a "secret" literature (see Dead Sea ...
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Who does G-d pray to?

Berakhot 7a says: מִכָּאן שֶׁהַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא מִתְפַּלֵּל Whom does G-d pray to?
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Did any of the gentile prophets receive a divine message to be directed to the Jews?

Was Bilaam a prophet to both the Jews and the gentiles ? According to the site member "Baby Seal": Bilaam's prophecy (Num 23, 24), contained much pertaining to Israel, and may have been his ...
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Is Job considered a prophet and an Israelite, according to the majority of the rabbis?

According to Wikipedia: "It is said in Bava Batra that these tannaim necessarily considered Job an Israelite; but R. Chananel ben Chushiel has in his text, "All the Tannaim and Amoraim, with ...
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If God removed prophecy from the gentiles because of Bilaam's wickedness, how come that Obadiah who was a gentile was a prophet?

According to Midrash, because of Bilaam's wickedness, as emblematic of the wickedness of gentile prophets, God removed prophecy from the gentiles (Midrash Tanchuma, Balak, siman 1). From the Talmud, ...
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What is the most comprehensive Gemara available today?

In terms of the number of Rishonim and Acharonim printed, along with the Rif and additional modern clarifying mevuarot, what is the most comprehensive גמרא available today? I'm referring to those with ...
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Hillel was a student of Ezra?

Sanhedrin 11a says: אמרו עליו הי חסיד הי עניו תלמידו של עזרא How could Hillel have been a disciple of Ezra? Didn't Ezra die several generations before Hillel was even born?
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Stories of Eliyahu HaNavi in Gemara

Throughout the Gemara there are many stories in which Eliyahu HaNavi appears in one form or another and is in conversation with Chazal. Have any commentators or scholars provided a systematic approach ...
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Any pre 7th century Jewish source, teaches that non-Jewish prophets will never be sent again?

1- were the non-Jewish prophets sent to non-Jewish nations only, and not Jews ? if the answer is Yes Does it mean there is no way a non-Jewish prophet can ever be sent to the Jews? any textual basis ...
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Why is Rebbi Meir frequently quoted as “he used to say” in the Talmud?

If one has taken a 'swim' in the Talmud, it would become apparent that Rebbi Meir is often cited as "he used to say". I cannot express with certainty that it is a completely unusual ...
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If there is no longer any Avodah Zarah, why do we need to follow the relevant halachah?

If it is accepted that Avodah Zarah has effectively ceased to exist, as suggested elsewhere on this site, why do we need to follow any of the relevant halachah, that applies to social relationships ...
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Is Avodah Zarah still the great danger that it once was? [duplicate]

I have no direct sources, but I seem to recall that various Chassidic rabbis, maybe others too, have taught that idolatry no longer has any real, or effective power. I think this is limited to Jews, ...
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Why did Rabbi Shila hide what he said?

In Berakhot 58a, Rabbi Shila thanks G-d by saying: ״לְךָ ה׳ הַגְּדֻלָּה וְהַגְּבוּרָה וְגוֹ׳״ When he's asked by the authorities about what he said, he replies: ״בְּרִיךְ רַחֲמָנָא דְּיָהֵיב ...
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Why R' Yehoshua didn't mention the majority rule?

The more I study the Sugyah of Tanuro Shel Achnai, the more I get confused: At the culmination of the argument "Rabbi Yehoshua (c. 100 CE) stood on his feet and said: It is written: “It is not in ...
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Would God be equally happy if the sages canceled Shabbat or allowed some Arayot?

"...Years after, Rabbi Natan encountered Elijah the prophet and said to him: What did the Holy One, Blessed be He, do at that time, when Rabbi Yehoshua issued his declaration? Elijah said to him: ...
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60 views

From what examples did R' Eliezer learn that Halacha can be decided by miracles?

In the famous argument between R' Yehoshua and R' Eliezer (Tanuro Shel Achnai, B"M 59b) R' Eliezer chose to prove his approach by performing miracles: "Rabbi Eliezer answered all possible ...
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Why did R' Yehoshua scold the walls of the shul?

"Rabbi Eliezer then said to them: If the halakha is with me, the walls of the study hall will prove it. The walls of the study hall leaned inward and began to fall. Rabbi Yehoshua scolded the ...
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Translate Rashi's commentary regarding Rabbi Sheila

Rabbi Sheila says: And the Torah said: If one comes to kill you, kill him first. He struck him with the staff and killed him. Yet, Rabbi Sheila does not provide any verse from the Torah. Could ...
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Rashi on the third scroll in the Temple

Slightly related. Rashi on Divrei Hayamim 1:8:29 writes: "...This is what is explained at the end of Megillath Yerushalmi. Ezra found scrolls: the scroll of מְעוֹנִים (Me'onim), the scroll of ...
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The possible history of Sefer Za'atutei?

I noticed that one of the changes made by the sages that authored Targum Hashiv'im (the LXX) for King Talmai was: "וַיִּשְׁלַח אֶת זַאֲטוּטֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאֶל זַאֲטוּטֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל ...
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Can someone translate this excerpt?

Could someone translate the following from Rashi's commentary on the Talmud: במחשכים הושיבני - שאין נוחין זה עם זה ותלמודם ספק בידם I'm interested in what Rashi has to say regarding Rabbi Yirmeya's ...
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Can you translate Rabbi Yosef's commentary on Shabbat 146a?

Could someone translate the following: בשעה שבא נחש על חוה. פשט המאמר הוא כמו שאמרו המפרשים ז"ל, דלא בא עליה ח"ו ביאה ממשית גופא בגופא, אלא ביאה מחשבית והטיל בה זוהמא בראיה, ואותה הזוהמא ...
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In Gittin 45a was the Captive who ידע בלישנא דציפורי a soothsayer?

In Gittin 45a, we read about a Man who ידע בלישנא דציפורי knew the language of birds. - While in captivity with Rav Ilish, the bird translator speaks for a Raven and Dove. The Birds try to tell Rav ...
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Is this stated in the Talmud?

Those who are cruel to the kind, are kind to the cruel. I heard it was stated in the Talmud, but not able to find it. Thoughts?
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Is there a lookup table that links Mishnayos with Gemara page

For example, משנה עירובין פרק ט משנה ד is in תלמוד בבלי on דף צה עמוד א. Is there a comprehensive table that links all the (relevant) משניות to where they are in תלמוד בבלי?
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Does the Talmud say that Jesus writhes in excrement and Mary was a prostitute?

There is a widespread belief among many Christian denominations that Jesus and Mary are referred to in overly disrespectful, even scatological, language in the Talmud. Examples often given are that ...
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Which Midrashim compare Yakov to G-d?

In Joshua Kulp's Daf Shevui to Megillah, he writes: We should note there are a series of midrashim that accord G-d-like qualities to Jacob, mostly that he and G-d look exactly alike. Could anyone ...
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Why doesn't the Babylonian Talmud contain Land-of-Israel-related tractates? [duplicate]

The BT lack all tractates in Seder Zraim except Brochos, see Mishna Tractates. Those tractates deal with Land-of-Israel-related Mitzvos. Some address this fact to the lack of practice, but the same ...
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question about the talmudic statement about not waking up a parent even in the extreme circumstance of a huge deal on offer?

I have a question about the talmudic statement about not waking up a parent even in the extreme circumstance of a huge deal on offer.. I recall when I was in school the Rabbi was going through some ...
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Beresheet 5:24 - What happened to Enokh?

In this genealogical chapter, in the portion enumerating the lineage from Metushelakh to Noakh, everyone gets an "and he died" except for Enokh, who gets an "and he was no longer, for ...
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Standard Archway design in Gemara Covers

I noticed that Mesoras Hashas, Oz Vehadar, and Artscroll Gemaras all have a title page where the title of the Masechta and the name of the publisher are placed in a picture of an elaborate archway. ...
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Predisposition of a person based on day of birth

In a shiur by Rabbi Israel Yakobov there was the concept of certain predispositions / inclined character traits of a person based on the specific day (Sunday-Monday) on which they were born mentioned. ...
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Where does Sefaria get “Nazarene” from in the Talmud in Gittin 57a?

Where does Sefaria get "Nazarene" from in the Talmud in Gittin 57a? https://www.sefaria.org/Gittin.57a.4?lang=bi&with=all&lang2=en אזל אסקיה [ליש"ו] בנגידא (לפושעי ישראל) א&...
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How do Rishonim ignore R Yehuda's opinion on not making aliyah in Ketubot 111a?

As an amateur in the workings of Gemara, and as a Jew who has just made Aliyah, this is a problem that is really biting at me. R Yehuda's statement is obviously Aggadeta, and is seemingly refuted by R ...
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What are the specifics of the fake Yerushalmi story?

I heard, long ago, about a mesechta (or entire seder, I can't recall which) of Yerushalmi that was fabricated. It was finally proven to be a fake when a rabbi realized that every mesechta (or seder) ...
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Where from the Torah does the Talmud know that all verses are from G-d?

The Talmud (Sanhedrin 99a) wrote : תניא אידך כי דבר ה' בזה זה האומר אין תורה מן השמים ואפילו אמר כל התורה כולה מן השמים חוץ מפסוק זה שלא אמרו הקדוש ברוך הוא אלא משה מפי עצמו זהו כי דבר ה' בזה It is ...
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Understanding a Gemara in Pesachim

In the Gemara, Mascheta Pesachim it brings a case on daf 9b which I am rather puzzled, baffled with regards to what the case is. The Rashi which is at the top of Daf 9b I also find puzzling. Who is ...
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Discarding halachic rules on Ketubot 60b

In Masechet Ketubot, 60b there is a discussion of how long a nursing woman has to wait before being remarried. There are 2 opinions: R. Meir says 24 months (or 21 months as the problem with the milk ...
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How can the Almighty purify himself? [closed]

The Gemara discusses something of the following question: How can the Almighty purify himself, His Presence can never be contained in any body of water, so how can He ever properly emerge Himself?
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List of halakhos that are only relevant in the era of Moshiach

In Zevachim 45a (s.v. הלכתא למשיחא), Tosfos provides a list of instances in Shas where the gemara rules in favour of a particular halakhic position that will only be practically relevant in the era of ...
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Gemara source regarding Levy in Germania

My name is Levy. Someone I know from France, where we have the same origins, in Alsace / Germany, and profoundly religious and an intellectual, told me that in the Gemara, it is said that after the ...
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Roman gods in the talmud

I'm currently writing an essay on Roman gods which are mentioned in the Talmud but I'm having a tricky time finding them, does anyone know any sources? EDIT Avoda Zora 44b Aphrodite: מתני׳ שאל ...
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Why is one asked to join the Jewish community if this practice is not mentioned in the Halacha? Or maybe it is but I am not aware of?

It is written in the Rambam (Laws of Forbidden Relations chap. 14, 2) that when the potential convert comes to convert "we notify him regarding a small number of weighty mitzvot and a small ...
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54 views

Introduction to Zeraim

I'm interested in learning the fundamentals of zeraim, and am looking for a good way to familiarize myself with the concepts. I've seen the Rambam's hakdama to the seder, but it's a little longer than ...
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56 views

Break down this Rashi for me

I'd like to understand pshat in this Rashi. This is Sota, 2b. Rashi reads as follows: והא מדכתיב ״והיא לא נתפשה״ מכלל דפשיטא לך דנטמאה והיכי קאמר והיא לא נתפשה אועד אין בה נהי דרישה דקרא איכא למימר ע״...
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What does the following mean from the meshech chochma?

The Meshech Chochmah, Vaeschanan, Deuteronomy 6:5, says something which I don't understand. Here it is: וא"ל (ואמרי לה) לקיים מילי דנזיקין, כי האדם מדיני בטבע, ואוהב הקבוץ לרוב חסרונו.‏ Here is ...
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Sources in the Talmud Aggaditah and/or Midrashim on Samal and Lilit?

I know that there are sources in the Gemara Aggaditah on Samal and Lilit (לילית & ס"מ) as well as in the Zohar. I have seen her mentioned in Shabbat, Eruvin, and Niddah. Still, not a clear ...
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Source for the act of completing Shas if every daf is distributed and completed individually by a group of people?

There is an unsourced claim I am seeking to verify. There is a claim that, if every daf of a masechet (and, by extension, Shas) is learned by a group of people - through the means of every person ...

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