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Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history.

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How does the gemara know where to start?

In any tractate, why isn't the background or explanatory information presented first? For example, why do the laws of Shechita not begin with the laws of Shechita? Masechet Chullin (and the Yoreh De'...
2
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2answers
415 views

Shortest amud or daf in Shas?

What is the shortest amud or daf in Shas? I vaguely remember seeing a daf that was only a couple lines of gemara or so (maybe in Pesachim?) but don't remember where it was. Daf in this case, ...
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1answer
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How does frequency of a Sanhedrin killing make sense in light of the concept of “Kippah”?

The mishnah on Makkos 7a states: סנהדרין ההורגת אחד בשבוע נקראת חובלנית רבי אליעזר בן עזריה אומר אחד לשבעים שנה רבי טרפון ורבי עקיבא אומרים אילו היינו בסנהדרין לא נהרג אדם מעולם רשב"ג אומר אף הן ...
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2answers
98 views

Are there any “prerequisite” masechtot?

When I have taught Talmud classes to some beginners, I try to give them an overview of the tractate prior to starting it. Usually, I locate the relevant laws / verses in the Torah. I think it's tough ...
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0answers
57 views

Why can Avodah Zara be בטל בשישים?

If עבודה זרה is so strict, why can it be בטל by 1/60 in דבר שלא במינו? (see :עבודה זרה ע"ג)
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Why is there no gemara for Mikvaot? [duplicate]

I've been told that Niddah is the only masechet in Taharot with Gemara because it has practical applications even when there is no temple. But the halachot of Mikvaot are just as important nowadays ...
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0answers
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Logic behind אם אינו ענין

Every now and again Chazal use a method of exegesis of the form אם אינו ענין ל___ תנהו לענין ___‏ which means that if a word or phrase is extra, due to the halacha it apparently teaches being ...
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2answers
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What does the Shabbos Shel Mi mean?

In Maseches Shabbos, in between the perakim of Bameh Ishah and Bameh Beheimah, the Shabbos Shel Mi writes the following: דרשינן סמוכים פ' במה בהמה ובמה אשה כל הקרב הקרב כי לא לחנם הלך זרזיר אצל ...
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1answer
92 views

Which mishnah in Shas has the most daf between it and the subsequent mishnah?

Beginning from: one מתני׳ => gemara => the next מתני׳ Does anyone know which mishnah has the most dafim between it and the subsequent mishnah? My gut tells me Bava Basra due to its length (...
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Divorcing one's wife if “she burnt his food OR he saw someone prettier.” Huh?

The mishnah on Gittin 90a lists two starting reasons that could be grounds for divorcing one's wife: ובית הלל אומרים אפילו הקדיחה תבשילו שנאמר כי מצא בה ערות דבר ר' עקיבא אומר אפי' מצא אחרת נאה ...
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1answer
57 views

Longest to Shortest tractates of Bavli by daf

Guessing it's been asked & answered already but not seeing it clearly. I simply would like a listing of longest to shortest (or vice versa!) tractates in Bavli by daf, ideally listing the number ...
3
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1answer
253 views

Shoteh in the gemara

The Gemara in many places including Berachot 15b talks about a shoteh(imbecile). What type(characteristics)of people does the gemara refer to as "Shoteh"?
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2answers
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Title “Rabbi” for Tanoim and Amoroim

Why do we find in the Mishna and Talmud that most תנאים and אמוראים were prefaced with the title "rabbi" but some were not?
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1answer
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Who are “the women who twist yarn by the moon”?

Sotah 6:1 talks about when a man who hears about his wife violating his warning divorces her rather than invoking the sotah test: Someone who warned his wife [against being secluded with a certain ...
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2answers
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If only a married woman can be a sotah, why does a non-spouse have authority to warn her?

Sotah 4:1 explains that certain women do not drink the sotah waters and do not receive the ketubah because they are not yet married and the torah says "she goes astray while married to her husband". ...
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If giving tzedakah money to parents is a “disrespectful matter” (Talmud, Kiddushin 32a), is giving tzedakah to other relatives a bad idea as well?

My question is going to be a bit complicated so stay with me before you mark it as a duplicate. In my previous question Is giving money to parents considered a tzedaka?, I received answers that it's ...
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2answers
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Does Amorayim read berayta in Gemara rather than recite it

I noticed a very atypical expression on Yevamot 40a: יתיב ר' חנינא קרא קמיה דר' ינאי ויתיב וקאמר הלכה כר' יהודה א"ל פוק קרי קרייך לברא אין הלכה כר' יהודה תני תנא קמיה דרב נחמן אין הלכה כר' יהודה א"...
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1answer
92 views

Is there anything in the Tanakh or Talmud about co-wives helping raise the child of other co-wives upon widowhood (or absence of husband)?

I just met an Israeli woman, who said that she became a widow when her first and only child was five years old. She said that if it wasn't for her husband having more than one wife, with whom she ...
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2answers
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What do these phrases mean, “come as one” and “teach a precedent”?

What do these phrases mean, "come as one" and "teach a precedent"? I think "come as one" means, they "are both the same" (?), but I am not sure this is the meaning of this in the phrase quoted below. ...
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0answers
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Which enemies was Rav Huna running away from?

Yerushalmi, Pesachim 1.1: דאמר רב הונא כד הוינן ערקין באילין בוטיתא דסדרא רבה היו מדליקין עלינו נרות בשעה שהיו כיהים היינו יודעין שהוא יום ובשעה שהיו מבהיקין היינו יודעין שהוא לילה The Talmud ...
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0answers
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Circular reasoning in deriving the time that kohanim can eat terumah and the time that the evening Shema can be recited

The very first Mishnah (Berachot 1:1) states that the earliest time for the recitation of the evening Shema is the time that kohanim can eat terumah: מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה שהכהנים נכנסים ...
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3answers
163 views

Types of Magic according to Judaism

The Jewish sources speak in many places about magic e.g shemot 7,11 7,22 Vayikra 19,27 etc. Are there different types? if so what are they?
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1answer
47 views

What is the translation of the word Talmud and Gemara and why those words?

The word Talmud and Gemara is used to refer to the written down Oral Law (written down somewhere between 500CE-1000CE?). What is the English translation of those two words and why were they chosen/...
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3answers
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“Teiku” (תיקו): why Eliyahu and not Moshe Rabbeinu to resolve unanswered Talmudic questions?

Sometimes in the Talmud when there's a difficult question, the Talmud concludes with "תיקו". Usually "Teiku" is translated to mean "let it stand" but another suggestion is that "תיקו" is actually ...
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Is there a specific reason/ common theme why we ONLY rule like Abaye in the “יע”ל קג“ם” (Yaal Kigam)? [duplicate]

We pasken like Abaye in 6 places in Shas: 1) "יאוש שלא מדעת" (Bava Metzia 21b) whether despair of recovering a lost item that one didn't know about is considered a conscious feeling אביי אמר לא ...
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Are there accepted rules for the exposition of a set of juxtaposed verses (סמוכים)?

This question came about from learning Gemoro Brochos 21b but the question is not limited to this daf. The Gemoro Brochos 21b quotes Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi as expounding verses Devorim 4 (9 & ...
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0answers
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Why did the Savoraim only emend certain parts of the Talmud?

I remember learning that Savoraim added certain parts to the Talmud- ex: the beginning of Kiddushin (2a-3a) & parts of Bava Metzia. (feel free to add additional examples) Any idea why they ...
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3answers
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Do angels make requests of G-d?

Do angels make any requests of G-d besides praising and thanking Him?
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1answer
36 views

Is living outside Israel a sin according to Talmud?

In Berachot 57a:15 Chazal mention that one who sees a dream of himself standing naked in Babylonia, it's a sign that he is free of transgression. Then it's written that "living outside of Israel is ...
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6answers
191 views

Which rabbis in the Talmud were placed under cherem?

Which rabbis in the Talmud were placed under cherem (excommunication)? We know about Rabbi Eliezer Bava Metzia 59b and Rabbi Akavia ben Mahalal’el [Eduyyot 7b, but see discussion there]. Anybody ...
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1answer
72 views

Why one's daughter is not mentioned in Arayos in the Torah?

Gemmorah Yevomos 2b: אלא בתו כיון דאתיא מדרשא חביבא ליה With regard to his daughter, since this prohibition is actually derived from a homiletical interpretation and is not explicitly stated ...
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0answers
35 views

How was it decided when the period of Tannaim ended and the period of Amoraim began? [duplicate]

The era of the Tannaim was from 10-220 CE The era of the Amoraim was from 200 to 500 CE A couple questions: 1) Who or what flipped the switch to determine that one era was ending and another was ...
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1answer
25 views

Rav or Rebbi Acha Sar HaBirah?

R' Acha Sar HaBirah is mentioned in a few places in shas. Rashi tells us that 'Sar HaBirah' was his nickname. However, in some places his title is רב, while in other places he is mentioned as רבי. ...
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1answer
55 views

Giving credit where credit is due [duplicate]

-The Talmud says, in two places, "He who reports a saying in the name of its author brings deliverance to the world." [Megillah 15a; Chullin 104b] -The Talmud is very careful to always attribute its ...
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1answer
63 views

Does the term ha-ruach ha-qadosh occur in the Talmud, Midrash, and other rabbinical literature?

The phrase ruach qadosh ('holy spirit') appears only three times in the Tanakh (Tehillim 51:13, Yeshayahu 63:10 and 11), each time with a possessive adjective ('your,' 'His') and never with a definite ...
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2answers
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Instances in Shas where Tosfos quotes the Rambam?

I'm aware of one instance where Tosfos quotes the Rambam: Menachos 42b- Tosfos dibbur ha'maschil "תפילין יש להן בדיקה" where right at the beginning we see Tosfos write "וכן פי' ה"ר משה בר מיימון". ...
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3answers
98 views

Gemara word for QED

I'm trying to remember the Gemara word for the equivalent of QED, when an argument would be settled between competing opinions and nothing more would be said about the issue.
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1answer
58 views

Stipulated Kiddushin case Halachah

I was presented with the following scenario, that differs a bit from the one in Kiddushin (48-50) and couldn't figure the Halacha: A man gives a woman a coin of unknown value before Kosher witnesses (...
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1answer
48 views

Mishnayot not in Bavli

Does anyone know of a list of all Mishnayot to which there is no Gemara in Talmud Bavli? I.e., those Mishnayot that are not quoted at the head of a section of their own Gemara. Apologies if this ...
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1answer
74 views

Why learn either Rambam or Shas?

Why learn either Rambam or Shas being that we don't pasken straight from a Gemara nor do we Ashkenazim from the Rambam? And being that the Rambam says in his introduction that his work (Yad Chazakah) ...
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1answer
41 views

Missing line in Tractate Megillah

At Sefaria there is a kind of commentary on Talmud called ‘Daf Shevui’. Commenting on Meg. 15b the author writes: The Attribute of Justice argues before God—why do you give this reward to righteous ...
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1answer
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What does it mean to “know Shas”? [closed]

I've seen many sefarim that talk about finishing Shas, simply put, going through the sugyos and understanding them, even if you forget it. But what does it mean to "know Shas"? Does that mean I know ...
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0answers
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List of easiest mesachtos according to Chazal

Is there a source anywhere that show us in any way what Chazal thought were the easiest to hardest Talmud Bavli tractates?
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2answers
64 views

How to understand this Tosfos in Megila 5b

This is a Tosfos from Megilah 5b which is talking about lessening the different type of work(s) of simcha on Purim. However, I'm a bit troubled on understanding the last 6 words. What does Tosfos mean?...
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1answer
35 views

What does it mean “studying Torah as Moses did”?

Temura 15b: כל אשכולות שעמדו להן לישראל מימות משה עד שמת יוסף בן יועזר היו למדין תורה כמשה רבינו מכאן ואילך לא היו למדין תורה כמשה רבינו (Sefaria doesn't have a translation) The discussion in the ...
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1answer
62 views

Could “Panim Chadashot” be fulfilled by FaceTime/ Skype?

In Maseches Kesuvos 7b we learn about the requirement of "panim chadashot" (lit: new faces) for every day of sheva brachos (codified in Even Ha'Ezer 62:7). Could the requirement of panim chadashot be ...
3
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4answers
225 views

Numbers of Exaggeration in Talmud

I remember seeing an early authoritative source (Rishonim, maybe a Tosfos?) that noted which numbers are always (technically not always) used by the Rabbis to indicate exaggeration in stories (60, 300,...
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1answer
76 views

Should we be acting like the Amoraim in the Gemara? [duplicate]

Babylonian Talmud, as well as Yerushalmi Shas, are the source to all the Halachos and many Minhagim. Although I have a question, there are some times throughout Shas that we find one Amora saying to ...
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0answers
42 views

R' Chanina B"T's strange behavior at his execution (Kalah 5, 4)

We all know the heroic story of R' Chanina Ben Tardion in its version in Avodah Zarah 18b as he was wrapped in Sefer Torah and burned alive. Interestingly, Masechet Kalah 5, 4 (sorry couldn't find a ...
7
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1answer
111 views

Why is the principle of Svarah a source for some Halachik concepts but not others?

There are instances in the Talmud (usually fleshed out by the Rishonim) where we learn a concept that is **so logical** that we don't need a pasuk or drasha to teach it to us, THAT'S how logical it is....