Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, metaphorical stories customs, and history.

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48 views

Looking for example(s) of differing rulings by Rav Yochanan vs. R' Yose bar Chanina

In discussing whose halachic rulings we follow when tanaaim and/or amorim give different rulings, in Halachipedia it says: Rav Yochanan vs. R' Yose bar Chanina is a Machaloket (regarding whom we ...
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Were the Mishnah and/or the Talmud translated into Greek or Latin? [duplicate]

Were the Mishnah and/or the Talmud ever translated into Greek or Latin in ancient times as the Bible was?
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113 views

What is authoritative in the Talmud?

Maimonides says: However, all the matters mentioned by the Babylonian Talmud are incumbent on the entire Jewish people to follow. We must compel each and every city and each country to accept all the ...
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Some questions about the Talmud [closed]

I have some questions about the way the Gemara is formulated. Feel free to answer all, some, or just one! What exactly is the Vilna Shas? Is it the only type of Shas used today? I Know there are 2,...
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Does Avos appear in the Artscroll English Schottensteim set?

Usually Pirkei Avos appears in Nezikin but I cannot find it in the classic Artscroll Schottenstein set. Is it there?
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Is there a mention of the 7 Mitzvot deRabanan in the Talmud or Midrash?

Is there a mention of the 7 Mitzvot deRabanan in the Talmud or Midrash? Or does this come from other, later sources?
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Where can I find a relatively inexpensive set of Talmud Bavli?

Product recommendation: looking to buy a small, inexpensive set of Shas (with Gemara) to use on the way to work, on a walk, etc. I would love for the set to be individual gemara's, not just six ...
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181 views

Does Talmudic-Era Hebrew or Aramaic Distinguish Between Teaching and Learning?

In English, teaching and learning are two distinct verbs, but this is not the case with (many) other languages, where the same word is used to express both concepts. Whilst pondering upon the ...
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What is “going” in terms of head covering?

related: Kippa in Torah? The talmud in Kiddush 31a relates that רב הונא בריה דרב יהושע לא מסגי ארבע אמות בגילוי הראש "Rav Huna, son of Rav Yehoshua, would not walk four cubits with an uncovered ...
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Gemara with Rashi in “regular” script [duplicate]

I am overseeing the creation of a beis medrash program for high schoolers with zero exposure to traditional texts, and am looking for editions of the gemara--with the standard vilna layout--but have ...
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131 views

Can there be kiddushin between a Ger Toshav and a Jew?

I came across an article that quoted Rabbi Yitzchak Yosef in his Shulchan Ha'ma'arechet, (it didn't give an exact reference,) as saying that Kiddushin can be effected between a Ger Toshav, meaning a ...
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86 views

What to do when you should not publicize the halacha?

The gemara 33b brachot says: אֲמַר לֵיהּ לָאו הֲלָכָה אִתְּמַר אֵלָּא מַטִּין אִתְּמַר Rabbi Zeira then said to him: It wasn't stated in public that the halachah follows Rabbi Eliezer, but that we ...
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The Identity of R' Elazar ben Chananyah

Recently, I found that there are some academics that identify the Tanna Rabbi Elazar ben Chananyah with Elazar ben Chananyah, one of the rebel leaders during the Great Revolt. Prof. Ephraim Urbach in &...
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Numbering in the Mordechai

I've noticed that the Mordechai has a strange numbering system (א,ב,ג etc.) that goes through it. I thought it might just be enumerating the individual halachos l'maaseh, but I noticed that it often ...
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Does a list of all perakim in shas with summary of each perek exist?

Is there an existing list of all chapters in shas and include a brief summary of each perek?
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Can it be that some midrashic literature got lost over time?

Is it possible that some of the material of the old Jewish midrashim (on the different books of the Hebrew Bible) that was written and was available during the Pre-Talmudic era is no longer available?
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Is there a Braita like Rabbi Pinchas Ben Yair but for intellectual virtue?

The braita of Rabbi Pinchas Ben yair in Masechet Avodah Zara 20b enumerates the levels of moral virtues. As quoted below, there is a structured progression to get to the next virtue. מכאן א"ר ...
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What is the difference when Rashi says בגמרא מפרש and מפרש בגמרא?

When Rashi comments on a Mishna telling us that the gemara will explain, sometimes he uses the phrase בגמרא מפרש and sometimes he uses the phrase מפרש בגמרא. (see here) Why would Rashi use one over ...
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Classic Achronim and Rishonim [closed]

People often say they learn Shas with Achronim and Rishonim. I'm curious, what are the mainstream Rishonim and Achronim that are generally learnt throughout Shas?
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Aramaic in a baraisa

I always understood a major difference between a mishna/baraisa and the text of the gemarra is the former is in Rabbinic Hebrew and the latter is in Aramaic. The other day I chanced upon a gemarra in ...
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Rav Yosef Engel style of learning

I understand that the world is very much into learning Gemara via the Brisker method. I was told that Rav Yosef Engel had a different approach to learning Gemara etc. However, I wasn't told how his ...
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243 views

Sources in Gemara that a person should not marry a convert?

The Gemara says in Pesachim 112b that a person should not marry a convert. The Gemara is clearly implying a marriage between a female convert and a Jew who is not necessarily a Kohen. Are there any ...
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How many Talmudic manuscripts are there?

"What is the Talmud" by Eliezer Berkovits states: The only complete Talmud manuscript is in Munich; besides that only larger or smaller fragments have survived. In his “Dikduke Sofrim,” (...
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Where Can I find this Machlokes about the 13 Middot of Drush?

Several years ago, I came across the following machlokes between Rashi and Tosfot in Shas Bavli. Rashi said that all 13 middos of drush require a mesorah except for Kal Vachomer, and Tosfot said all ...
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What are things or actions which cause poverty?

The Gemara in Chullin 105b says that leaving bread crumbs can increase a person’s vulnerability to poverty. Also, The Gemara in Pesachim 111b says that bran(parei) in the house causes poverty and ...
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108 views

Was the Talmud available in written form, partially or fully, before the 7th century?

was the Talmud available in written form partially or fully before the 7th century? or just was transmitted orally?
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135 views

Had Noah a wicked wife, son?

Is there any instance in Jewish literature that mentions that one of Noah's sons was a disbeliever who refused to come aboard the Ark, instead preferring to climb a mountain, where he drowned? or ...
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165 views

Hashem has doubt? [duplicate]

Masechet Shabbat says that when you give the benefit of the doubt, Hashem will give you benefit of the doubt. However, Hashem cannot have the benefit of the doubt. The benefit of the doubt relies on ...
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410 views

Whom does G-d pray to?

Berakhot 7a says: מִכָּאן שֶׁהַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא מִתְפַּלֵּל Whom does G-d pray to?
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Did any of the gentile prophets receive a divine message to be directed to the Jews?

Was Bilaam a prophet to both the Jews and the gentiles ? According to the site member "Baby Seal": Bilaam's prophecy (Num 23, 24), contained much pertaining to Israel, and may have been his ...
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Is Job considered a prophet and an Israelite, according to the majority of the rabbis?

According to Wikipedia: "It is said in Bava Batra that these tannaim necessarily considered Job an Israelite; but R. Chananel ben Chushiel has in his text, "All the Tannaim and Amoraim, with ...
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If God removed prophecy from the gentiles because of Bilaam's wickedness, how come that Obadiah who was a gentile was a prophet?

According to Midrash, because of Bilaam's wickedness, as emblematic of the wickedness of gentile prophets, God removed prophecy from the gentiles (Midrash Tanchuma, Balak, siman 1). From the Talmud, ...
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179 views

What is the most comprehensive Gemara available today?

In terms of the number of Rishonim and Acharonim printed, along with the Rif and additional modern clarifying mevuarot, what is the most comprehensive גמרא available today? I'm referring to those with ...
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Hillel was a student of Ezra?

Sanhedrin 11a says: אמרו עליו הי חסיד הי עניו תלמידו של עזרא How could Hillel have been a disciple of Ezra? Didn't Ezra die several generations before Hillel was even born?
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Stories of Eliyahu HaNavi in Gemara

Throughout the Gemara there are many stories in which Eliyahu HaNavi appears in one form or another and is in conversation with Chazal. Have any commentators or scholars provided a systematic approach ...
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Any pre 7th century Jewish source, teaches that non-Jewish prophets will never be sent again?

1- were the non-Jewish prophets sent to non-Jewish nations only, and not Jews ? if the answer is Yes Does it mean there is no way a non-Jewish prophet can ever be sent to the Jews? any textual basis ...
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Why is Rebbi Meir frequently quoted as “he used to say” in the Talmud?

If one has taken a 'swim' in the Talmud, it would become apparent that Rebbi Meir is often cited as "he used to say". I cannot express with certainty that it is a completely unusual ...
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If there is no longer any Avodah Zarah, why do we need to follow the relevant halachah?

If it is accepted that Avodah Zarah has effectively ceased to exist, as suggested elsewhere on this site, why do we need to follow any of the relevant halachah, that applies to social relationships ...
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Is Avodah Zarah still the great danger that it once was? [duplicate]

I have no direct sources, but I seem to recall that various Chassidic rabbis, maybe others too, have taught that idolatry no longer has any real, or effective power. I think this is limited to Jews, ...
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Why did Rabbi Shila hide what he said?

In Berakhot 58a, Rabbi Shila thanks G-d by saying: ״לְךָ ה׳ הַגְּדֻלָּה וְהַגְּבוּרָה וְגוֹ׳״ When he's asked by the authorities about what he said, he replies: ״בְּרִיךְ רַחֲמָנָא דְּיָהֵיב ...
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Why R' Yehoshua didn't mention the majority rule?

The more I study the Sugyah of Tanuro Shel Achnai, the more I get confused: At the culmination of the argument "Rabbi Yehoshua (c. 100 CE) stood on his feet and said: It is written: “It is not in ...
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Would God be equally happy if the sages canceled Shabbat or allowed some Arayot?

"...Years after, Rabbi Natan encountered Elijah the prophet and said to him: What did the Holy One, Blessed be He, do at that time, when Rabbi Yehoshua issued his declaration? Elijah said to him: ...
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From what examples did R' Eliezer learn that Halacha can be decided by miracles?

In the famous argument between R' Yehoshua and R' Eliezer (Tanuro Shel Achnai, B"M 59b) R' Eliezer chose to prove his approach by performing miracles: "Rabbi Eliezer answered all possible ...
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Why did R' Yehoshua scold the walls of the shul?

"Rabbi Eliezer then said to them: If the halakha is with me, the walls of the study hall will prove it. The walls of the study hall leaned inward and began to fall. Rabbi Yehoshua scolded the ...
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109 views

Translate Rashi's commentary regarding Rabbi Sheila

Rabbi Sheila says: And the Torah said: If one comes to kill you, kill him first. He struck him with the staff and killed him. Yet, Rabbi Sheila does not provide any verse from the Torah. Could ...
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Pseudo-Rashi on the third scroll in the Temple

Slightly related. Pseudo-Rashi on Divrei Hayamim 1:8:29 writes: "...This is what is explained at the end of Megillath Yerushalmi. Ezra found scrolls: the scroll of מְעוֹנִים (Me'onim), the ...
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The possible history of Sefer Za'atutei?

I noticed that one of the changes made by the sages that authored Targum Hashiv'im (the LXX) for King Talmai was: "וַיִּשְׁלַח אֶת זַאֲטוּטֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאֶל זַאֲטוּטֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל ...
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133 views

Can someone translate this excerpt?

Could someone translate the following from Rashi's commentary on the Talmud: במחשכים הושיבני - שאין נוחין זה עם זה ותלמודם ספק בידם I'm interested in what Rashi has to say regarding Rabbi Yirmeya's ...
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78 views

Can you translate Rabbi Yosef's commentary on Shabbat 146a?

Could someone translate the following: בשעה שבא נחש על חוה. פשט המאמר הוא כמו שאמרו המפרשים ז"ל, דלא בא עליה ח"ו ביאה ממשית גופא בגופא, אלא ביאה מחשבית והטיל בה זוהמא בראיה, ואותה הזוהמא ...
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51 views

In Gittin 45a was the Captive who ידע בלישנא דציפורי a soothsayer?

In Gittin 45a, we read about a Man who ידע בלישנא דציפורי knew the language of birds. - While in captivity with Rav Ilish, the bird translator speaks for a Raven and Dove. The Birds try to tell Rav ...

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