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Questions tagged [talmud-gemara]

The Talmud is a central text of Judaism. It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history.

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Are There Two Kinds of “Don't Read” Expositions?

In The Practical Talmud Dictionary, by Yitzchak Frank, one can read that there are two kinds of “don’t read” expositions: one “not only in accordance with its Masoretic vocalization, but in accordance ...
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Why is Masechta Kasubos called Shas Katan [duplicate]

This question I was about to ask was already asked here (so please give any positive credit for it to the original OP) Masekhes Kesubos as "Shas Qatan" But it seems the second part of the ...
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What kind of ‘rocking boat’ is Menachos 94 referring to?

The Gemara in Menachos 94b says: רבי חנינא אמר כמין תיבה פרוצה ר' יוחנן אמר כמין ספינה רוקדת Rabbi Ḥanina says: It was rectangular, with a wide base and two parallel walls with an open space ...
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Why is the halacha like Beis Hillel?

It is a known rule that the halacha is like Beis Hillel unless explicitly stated. The Gemara (Eiruvin 13b) says Beis Hillel and Beis Shammai argued for three years until a bas kol called out and said ...
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Sources for receiving blessing through Mitzvot

I am searching for sources for the concept that a Jew keeping the Mitzvot will ultimately bring blessing to / not keeping the Mitzvot will bring destruction to: A) himself/herself B) the Jewish ...
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Know who the Tanna/Amora is before trying to understand what he said?

The Maharats Chiyus (or Chayos) writes in his Mavo HaAgados that not all of Chazal were born equal, so to speak. More specifically, that among Chazal, there are different levels of intelligence, ...
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What is the issue with Rabbi Tarfon's redeeming of first-borns in Bechoros 51?

Bechoros 51b: וכך היה מנהגו של רבי טרפון שהיה נוטל ומחזיר וכששמעו חכמים בדבר אמרו קיים זה הלכה זו הלכה זו ותו לא אלא קיים זה אף הלכה זו This was how Rabbi Tarfon [the Kohen] used to deal [with ...
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Distance between foundation stone and western wall

What is the distance between the foundation stone and the western wall? Does the Talmud or anything say anything about the distance?
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What's the difference between “Tanya” and “Tanu Rabanan”?

The Gemara often introduces a braysa by using the term "Tanu Rabanan" or the term "Tanya". Assuming there is a difference, what is the difference?
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What is/was the Bat Kol?

The Talmud records people "hearing" the Bas Kol. The Talmud also says that a bas kol goes out even nowadays. My question is, what is the nature of this bas kol? Is it a sound? If so why can't I hear ...
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Why is the first mishna of Brachos included in the Ein Yaakov?

Rav Yaakov ibn Habib collected aggadeta from the shas bavli and yerushalmi. He called this collection Ein Yaakov. He also wrote a commentary on a bunch of it which is called HaKoseiv. The very first ...
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Is there is any way to learn the names of people who were working on the preparation of the Vilna Shas? [closed]

A lot of people worked on the Romm's Vilna Talmud published in 1880. Is there is any way to get their names?
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Moshiach and the Talmud sealing

So I've heard many times that the Talmud is sealed and there's no arguing with it or repealing rabbinical decrees. But I've also heard that when Moshiach comes his court will repeal many decrees. But ...
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Has Elul Been Made Full Since the Time of Ezra?

In the Gemara in Rosh Hashanah (19b) it says: והאמר רבי חיננא בר כהנא א"ר מימות עזרא ואילך לא מצינו אלול מעובר לא מצינו דלא איצטריך הא איצטריך מעברינן ליה Didn’t Rabbi Chinnana bar Kahana ...
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“Not being precise” (Rashi) in recording the Oral Torah

This is a very loaded question, but I would like to work it out intellectually, please. I would like to understand a basic premise of Rashi that reflects on my understanding of the transferring of ...
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Was There a Specific Location that the Babylonian Talmud was Written

The exact (think GPS) location of many biblical sites are known. We know exectly where Abraham bound Issac and suspect that is the same spot where the Holy of Holies was. Some of the ancient sites (or ...
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What is the image on many volumes of Shas called?

Does anyone know the official name of the 4-poled structure in the middle of the image below (of a cover of a volume of the Talmud)? I'm pretty sure that this 'structure' has a name, but my intense ...
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Gaining Weight?

I’m trying to gain weight. I know sometimes the Gemara discusses how to do certain things in daily life. Does any text refer to how to gain weight? If it doesn’t, please let me know though. Thanks!
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A group of extremely pious folks

In the Talmud, I think it is in berachos, there is mentioned a group of extremely pious people. Does anyone know the name of this group?
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Why is a Moaviyah acceptable to marry?

The pasuk (Dev 23:4) says that a Moavi and Amoni cannot marry into the Jewish people. The stated reasons are that they did not provide bread and water (as mentioned in Dev 23) and "he" hired Bil'am. ...
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How is the male skeleton different from female?

This question is a follow-up to "Different-counts-of-the-248-organs-". As we see from the Mishnah in Ohalot 1,8, only the bones are counted as organs, namely a bone that has a sinew and some flesh. ...
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Different counts of the 613 (248) organs - bones or soft tissues?

First read the related questions here (mitzvot-and-their-body-parts and here (613-organs. The Mishnah in Ohalot (1:8) states that there are 248 organs and lists all of them: "מָאתַיִם ...
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Learning from stories that are impossible to negate

The Talmud is full of Musar stories in the following pattern: a Rabbi did X and G-d made him Y, therefore we all should do X so G-d will make us Y. In many cases, G-d's reaction can be the opposite ...
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Anti-altering measures of the Oral Torah

The Oral Torah was [presumably] forbidden to be written down. The Gemmorah clearly shows that even in a span of 100 years there were huge differences in recalling the Mishnaic formulas. For example "...
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Source for galuta d'galuta גלותא דגלותא?

I so clearly remember from my days of Talmud study the phrase גלותא דגלותא, meaning a place that was REALLY far away, seriously in exile, "deep diaspora", totally removed from eretz yisrael. Maybe it ...
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In the Talmud is there a way to distinguish when a verse is brought as מקור or אסמכתא?

The Talmud is full of the standard procedure of the Sages interpreting Tanakh verses to learn various laws and behaviors. Is there a way to tell when a Rabbi cites a Pasuk as a traditionally known ...
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Proof text in Rosh Hashanah for month of mating season

The Gemara in Rosh Hashanah on 11a says: ר' יהושע אומר מנין שבניסן נברא העולם שנא' (בראשית א, יב) ותוצא הארץ דשא עשב מזריע זרע ועץ עושה פרי איזהו חדש שהארץ מליאה דשאים ואילן מוציא פירות הוי ...
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Sheilos U'Tshuvos on Gemara

I'm preparing classes on the beginning of Bava Metziah and I would like to present the information through the lens of the Rabbonim that used the Gemara to answer Sheilos. Does anyone know of a Sefer ...
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Why is the format for referencing Rambam backwards?

The Rambam is usually reference in the following way: פרק א׳ מהלכות ק״ש הלכה ט׳ - chapter 1 from from hilchos kerias shma, halacha 9. Why is it referenced this way? Why not the way many ...
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Talmudic Source Mechitzah?

What's the source in the Talmud for the mechitzah? I have yet to run across it. Also as an aside, I've been to a lot of Synagogues from Talmudic times, and I have yet to find any mechitzah type of ...
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Source in the Gemara about seven qualities of an individual's personality

I recently heard a Torah lesson in which the speaker mentioned that according to the Gemara there are seven different sections or aspects of a person: How people view you Your deepest emotional needs ...
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The Messiah's hair will be greenish?

I think I saw somewhere in the Gemara (almost certain it was in a commentary, not the text itself) that the Messiah's hair will be ירקרקת (green/greenish/blonde)? Unfortunately, I cannot seem to ...
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Do the Talmudic disputes prove absence of ruled Halachah (הלכה פסוקה)

This is a serious question about our understanding of the development of the current Halachah. When I started my Teshuvah some 30 years ago, I was told that the Sages knew the Whole Torah and their ...
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Why learning from examples vs learning from Halakhah?

Our Talmud uses different methods to teach Halachot, one of them is telling stories about Rabbis and concluding the Halachot from their behavior. One of the famous is R' Akiva in Brochos 62 (check ...
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Why does the Steinstalz Talmud interpret this one sentence in contradiction to Rashi?

A sentence towards the bottom of Sanhedrin page 5b speaks of kneading dough in a state of impurity. In the English Koren edition, Rabbi Steinsaltz translates this as meaning the people were impure. ...
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Can a father marry off his daughter for nissuin or only arusin?

In the Torah a father is given the right to marry off his daughter before she's an adult. Does this work even for nissuin (the second stage of marriage) or only arusin?
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How was Elazar HaKohen allowed to marry the daughter of Puti (Yisro)?

Rashi (quoting Sanhedrin 82b) states that Pinchas' mother was the daughter of Puti (Yisro). We know that a kohen may not marry a convert (Shulchan Aruch Even Haezer 6,8), and if a kohen does marry a ...
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Why are non-Jews referred to as עובדי כוכבים in the גמרא?

When the גמרא refers to עובדי כוכבים, it is usually (eg. Artscroll) translated as "non-Jews". Is this supposed to exclude monotheistic non-idolatrous non-Jews or is it inaccurate translation? If ...
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Proof from Arvos Moav to Har Sinai regarding who was there

גמרא שבת קמו עמוד א ישראל שעמדו על הר סיני פסקה זוהמתן גוים שלא עמדו על הר סיני לא פסקה זוהמתן אמר ליה רב אחא בריה דרבא לרב אשי גרים מאי אמר ליה אף על גב דאינהו לא הוו מזלייהו הוו דכתיב (דברים ...
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Source for Tashlumin On Pesach?

The Gemara in Chagigah 9a (according to Rashi and Steinsaltz) derives by Gezeira Shavah from Pesach that you can bring tashlumin for the first day of Sukkot the whole holiday. In Chagigah 17a and ...
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Proof of one side or question on the other, talmud

A boy asked me today: How does the gemora choose if to use something as a proof to one side or as a question on the other? The example he brought was: Of a question: Kiddushin 63b תנן ...
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Dama Ben Netina story escalation over time - from 100 to 600K

"Kidushin 31a brings the story of Dama ben Nesina and his amazing Kibud Av V'Aim which cost him a huge fortune." It is not clear when the Maaseh has happened, but this famous story is brought in the ...
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Aryeh Kaplan and Talmud memorization

Aryeh Kaplan’s Jewish Meditation, page 27: I recall that when I was in yeshivah, a few friends and I decided to have a contest to see who could memorize the most pages of Talmud. For me, it was an ...
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Food ‘fight’ in the Talmud

Does the Talmud talk about a food fight (i.e. throwing food at one another)? In general, what would the Talmud have to say about a food fight in terms of wasting food, or otherwise? Is it okay? Not ...
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Me'am Lo'ez on not beginning a new mesechta on Rosh Chodesh

It is brought down by the Me'am Lo'ez to Vayikra (page 64) that it is customary not to begin learning a new mesechta on Rosh Chodesh. The footnote gives as a source "Tur; Hagah; Taanis 32; Yoreh Deah ...
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When why and how was the Talmud sealed

Throughout my life I've heard that the Talmud is sealed and rabbinic enactment can't be repealed. But from where do we know this? Why was it done? HOW was it done? A gzeirah? A minhag?
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When was the pagination of the Talmud begun and finalized and by whom? [duplicate]

Early editions of the Talmud did not have page numbers. (Early commentators give citations to chapters.) When did page numbering begin and, if today's page numbering differs, when was the page ...
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Hallel on a non rosh chodesh day

Im looking for the source in the gemorah which says there was once a community that said hallel on a day that wasnt rosh chodesh, and that even though it wasnt the correct minhag it was seen a ...
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Why Did Talmud Bavli decide to differ from Talmud Yerushalmi by starting on page 2?

Follow up to Why does the gemarah start on daf bet?. The accepted (and most voted) answer says: The simple explanation is that this is how the printers typeset it This sounds like this decision ...
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Why is Talmud Bavli studied more than Yerushalmi?

I'm far from an expert on either Bavli or Yerushalmi. But, I'm curious as to why yeshivot (and, to an extent, even individual adults learning by themselves, chevruta or via shiurim) study Bavli far ...