Questions tagged [slave-serve-eved-avadim]

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During the actual maakot, did the Jews work? Around what makko, did the slave labor stop?

While the maakot were happening, were the Jews required to keep working? At what point did the working stop all together?
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Why did Sarai & Abram have the slave Hagar?

Why did Sarai & Abram have the Egyptian slave/servant girl (שִׁפְחָ֥ה) Hagar? Was it custom for newlywed Hebrew couples like them to have servants?
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Which mitzvot are slaves who have been immersed obliged to follow?

R Steinsaltz notes in his explanation of a passage in Yevamot 45b that a gentile slave purchased by a Jew must be circumcised and then immersed in a ritual bath by being immersed for the sake of ...
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Testimonies of "Not to turn over a slave who seeks refuge"

Deuteronomy.23.16 prescribes not to turn over a slave to his master. There's some Halachic discourse and the MT is very scarce adding that it only applies from abroad to Eretz Israel. Are there any ...
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Was Herod Jewish?

Slightly related. This topic has been on my mind lately. According to Josephus, Herod's father Antipater was the son of Antipas, one of the Edomites converted by Yochanan Hyrcanus. I asked one of the ...
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Why would Sarah need to convince Hagar?

Asking for someone else. Rashi on the parsha, Beresheet 16:3, brings a midrash from Beresheet Rabbah 45:3 which says: "And Sarai, the wife of Abram, took Hagar the Egyptian, her maidservant (...
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Source that we were enslaved in Egypt to bring national unity

I heard in a Shiur that the Medresh says that the reason we were enslaved in Egypt was to bring national unity. Does anyone know where the Medresh says that? Thanks.
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Why does the Torah write Vayikra 25:51 & 25:52?

Vayikra 25:50-52: נ וְחִשַּׁב֙ עִם־קֹנֵ֔הוּ מִשְּׁנַת֙ הִמָּ֣כְרוֹ ל֔וֹ עַ֖ד שְׁנַ֣ת הַיֹּבֵ֑ל וְהָיָ֞ה כֶּ֤סֶף מִמְכָּרוֹ֙ בְּמִסְפַּ֣ר שָׁנִ֔ים כִּימֵ֥י שָׂכִ֖יר יִהְיֶ֥ה עִמּֽוֹ׃ נא אִם־ע֥וֹד ...
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Why didn't Jewish slaves rebel against the Egyptians?

A number of traditional sources indicate that the population of Jews in Mitzrayim was burgeoning. Pharaoh himself was concerned about it, worrying that they would take over the land. Why didn't a ...
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At the time of the giving of the parshah of Nirtza (of avadim), was the avoda done by the Bchoros?

Or was it done by the kohanim at that time? [The din of nirtza is briefly to make a hole in the ear of a slave who wants to continue serving his master, he becomes a slave until Yovel.] The question ...
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Why did God want the Israelites to take riches from Egypt before the Exodus?

In parshat Bo, we read: And the Lord said to Moses... Speak, please, in the ears of the people, and let them ask every man of his neighbor, and every woman of her neighbor, jewels of silver, and ...
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Ten Martyrs - Why would Binyamin be culpable?

There's the famous incident known as the Ten Martyrs (see here), where Ten famous Rabbis were killed (not in the same period) as an atonement for the Ten children of Yaakov selling Yosef. The ten are ...
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Were the "maidens" of Rebekah "schifchot" to Isaac or "pileg'shim" to Isaac?

Were all or one of the "maidens" of Rebekah "schifchot" to Isaac or "pileg'shim" to Isaac (regardless whether he consummated with them or not)? Why or why not? The "...
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How to become a Canaanite slave

Rambam provides the different ways how a Jew could purchase a Canaanite slave. He may be acquired through the transfer of money, the transfer of a deed of purchase, the manifestation of one's ...
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A Jewish-slaves Mitzvahs obligations

What mitzvos is a Jewish slave (a Jew owned by a Jew mentioned Shemot 21,2) obligated in? Is a Jewish slave obligated in time bound mitzvos? or he obligated to the same mitzvos as a woman? Sources ...
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Looking for a source on the city of Gilad

Some time ago I heard a Dvar Torah (which I brought here) by someone who stated, among other things, that the city of Gilad used to be, at least from the time of the sale of Yosef until it was ...
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Does an ex-slave need to do Tshuva?

Rashi, on Shemot 21:6 that talks about an Eved-Ivri extending his servitude, writes: What is the reason that the ear had to be pierced rather than any other limb of the servant’s body? Rabban ...
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Why were the Levi'im not enslaved?

Rashi on Shemot 5:4 says: GO YE UNTO YOUR BURDENS — Go to your work which you have to do at home; but it cannot signify “go to your labours as slaves”, for he was speaking to Moses and Aaron who ...
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Slavery, an apparent contradiction?

In the Exodus, G-d hears the suffering of Israel as follows: “The Israelites were groaning under the bonding and cried out, and their cry for help from the bondage rose to G-d” (Exod 2:23); “I will ...
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Why does the Mishneh Torah detail how to free a slave if it is forbidden?

Mishneh Torah Hilkhot Avadim 5:1-3 details how a Canaanite slave is freed (with money or a document). However, 9:6 states that one may not free a Canaanite slave (though if one does, the slave is free)...
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Do slaves owned by jews observe shabbat (day of rest)?

To my understanding it is a commandment of God that those who live among jews observe Shabbat. Historically, slaves owned by jews must have lived among them. Does Gods commandment apply to slaves, if ...
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Circumventing the conversion fuss by enslaving and freeing

Can a long path of the Orthodox conversion be circumvented by the following procedure*? Enslaving a Gentile person by buying from him/herself Dipping him/her in a Mikve before a Beis Din for the ...
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Half Jew half Gentile

I always thought it was a misconception to be "half-Jewish". Usually the speaker means one of their parents are Jewish, making them either fully Jewish or fully Gentile. However, I saw today that the ...
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Can a slave say the Haggadah?

Throughout the Haggadah, we make reference to the fact that originally we were slaves, but now we are freed. To quote just a couple of them: עבדים היינו לפרעה במצרים...ואלו לא הוציא הקב״ה את אבותינו ...
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Do any poskim exempt 13-20-year-olds from Mussaf?

In Artscroll’s edition of Sefer HaChinuch (vol. 2, p. 303), they quote a discussion regarding whether women are exempt from davening Mussaf: If women are obligated as men are in all the communal ...
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Hebrew slaves and Yovel - how does it starts and ends?

The Gemmorah links the Hebrew slavery to the [idea of] Yovel (Gitin 65, Kidushin 69, Erchin 29, Rambam Avadim 1, 10): "אין אמה העבריה נוהגת ולא עבד עברי נוהג אלא בזמן שהיובל נוהג. בין עבד עברי ...
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What happens if Hebrew Slave goes on strike?

@Joel's answer to my previous question "whats-so-slave-ish-in-the-hebrew-slave" showed a possible difference between a slave and an employee - the later can simply walk away. That made me think: what ...
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Unexpected Yovel (50th year) to free slaves?

Rambam Avadim 2: "מְכָרוּהוּ בֵּית דִּין עוֹבֵד שֵׁשׁ שָׁנִים ... אֲבָל אִם פָּגְעָה בּוֹ שְׁנַת יוֹבֵל אֲפִלּוּ נִמְכַּר שָׁנָה אַחַת לִפְנֵי הַיּוֹבֵל הֲרֵי זֶה יֵצֵא לְחֵרוּת : If the court ...
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Controversies in counting the 24 organs of freeing the slave

I've already asked a couple of questions on the counting of the 248 body organs, see the list. Lately, I asked some question on slavery and here's where those topics cross. The Gemmorah in Kiddushin ...
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Why may a master torture his non-Jewish slave?

We’re commanded to be sensitive to a convert, as we know what it’s like to be in a foreign land (Shemos 23:9): וְגֵ֖ר לֹ֣א תִלְחָ֑ץ וְאַתֶּ֗ם יְדַעְתֶּם֙ אֶת־נֶ֣פֶשׁ הַגֵּ֔ר כִּֽי־גֵרִ֥ים הֱיִיתֶ֖ם ...
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What's so slave-ish in the Hebrew Slave?

I'm trying to compare the status and duties of a Hebrew slave that sells himself to slavery versus a man that agrees to work for 7 years (שכיר שבוע), as in B"M 9,11: "שְׂכִיר שַׁבָּת, שְׂכִיר חֹדֶשׁ, ...
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What prevents a needy from stealing and being sold into slavery?

Imagine a poor Jewish guy with a screaming wife and 12 little kids that went bankrupt and lost everything he had. He still needs to support himself and his family. What prevents him from selecting ...
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Are there examples of Hebrew Slaves in the Gemmorah?

Are there examples of Hebrew Slaves mentioned in the Gemmorah? Names of the slaves or their masters, the amounts paid, the terms served etc? (I recall a couple of Eved K'naani like Tavi, but can't ...
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Who would want to buy a Hebrew slave to equal him to his master?

We all know how benevolent our position to the Jewish slavery is (Rambam Avadim 1): "כָּל עֶבֶד עִבְרִי אוֹ אָמָה הָעִבְרִיָּה חַיָּב הָאָדוֹן לְהַשְׁווֹתָן לוֹ בְּמַאֲכָל וּבְמַשְׁקֶה בִּכְסוּת ...
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Why did G-d promise the former slaves to continue cultivating slavery?

This question is a different aspect of the previous question "why-parshas-mishpatim-begin-with-laws-of-slaves". A man that is discharged from a prison promises to never get back. A nation that was ...
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6 votes
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Why does Parshas Mishpatim begin with laws of slaves?

Parshas Mishpatim, as its name implies, deals with the civil laws of the Torah. Out of all the civil laws in the Torah, the parshah begins with the laws of the Hebrew slave. Why did the Torah see fit ...
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Israel in Egypt after being freed but before the Exodus?

One of Artscroll's "Daily Dose of Torah" books, on parshat Vaera, says that the Israelites stayed in Egypt for a significant period of time after being freed from slavery but before the Exodus. I ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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What happened to Noah's slaves?

According to such commentators or midrashim as say that Noah had slaves that joined him on the ark[1], what happened to them? That is: We hear a lot in the immediately succeeding chapters of Genesis (...
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Is Eved Ivri obligated in honoring one's parents?

A tough question that I could not find anyone mentioning. The Gemmorah in Kiddushin 30b says a married woman is exempt from honoring the parents as "whereas with regard to a woman, it is not in her ...
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4 votes
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Did the rights of a Jewish slave owner include having sex with his female slaves?

I know that Abraham had sex with his slave who acted as a surrogate for Sarah and I understand that to have been standard practice (even though God did not intend for his promise to be fulfilled ...
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Freeing Non-Jewish Slave

I stumbled across this statement regarding the prohibition of freeing a non-Jewish slave in an online article quoting Gemara Brachos. I am just looking for some clarity and background as to the nature ...
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Why is a slave sold for six years?

Why is a slave sold for six years? He's being sold for stealing. So he should be sold for the amount of time it takes to make enough to pay back the stolen amount.
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What was the justification for selling Joseph into slavery?

In Parashat Vayeishev, the story is recounted about how the children of Jacob conspired to kill Joseph. The explanation is that they judged him to be guilty of several violations and deserving of ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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If Sarah's anger was only toward Ishmael, then could Sarah have halakhically asked Abraham to only expel Ishmael?

If Sarah's anger was only toward Ishmael, then could Sarah have halakhically asked (or within her rights, from whichever source, to ask) Abraham to only expel Ishmael and not Hagar, seeing Hagar is ...
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0 answers
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What should a woman do if she owns male slaves

It seems a woman is forbidden to acquire male slaves Rambam Avodim 1.2 and Shulchan Aruch 267.19 What should/must she do if she does? For example her property (Nichsai Milug and Tzon Barzel) she ...
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2 answers
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Had an unmarried Jewish woman ever owned a male slave, whom she acquired or asked to become her husband?

Had an unmarried Jewish woman ever owned a male slave, whom she acquired or asked to become her husband? Was there ever any occurrence in the Tanach, Gemara, Mishna, Halacha, Aggadot, Midrashim, etc. ...
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why is a half `Eved` not freed automatically

The Mishnah in Gittin debates a situation of a slave (Eved Cna'ani) of two masters that one of the masters frees him, this turns him into a half freed man (and Jewish) and half slave (and not Jewish?!...
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Who fasted with Ester?

The Bavli, M'gila, says that the seven servants that Ester had while in Hegay's harem were שהיתה מונה בהן ימי שבת, used by Ester to count the days of the week. Rashi explains שהיתה משרתת לה אחת באחד ...
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Why an עבד עברי's ear is awled

Rashi comments on שמות כא,ו, quoting the מכילתא and קידושין דף כב עמוד ב, that an עבד עברי who was sold into slavery due to stealing has a hole put in his ear for not listening to לא תגנוב and one in ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Backlash from ownership of all the land/people?

The simple reading of the Torah text implies that, through Joseph's leadership, in exchange for the grain, Egypt/Pharoah came to own all the land all over the world and the people were indentured to ...
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