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Questions tagged [slave-serve-eved-avadim]

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Half Jew half Gentile

I always thought it was a misconception to be "half-Jewish". Usually the speaker means one of their parents are Jewish, making them either fully Jewish or fully Gentile. However, I saw today that the ...
1
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0answers
29 views

Can a slave say the Haggadah?

Throughout the Haggadah, we make reference to the fact that originally we were slaves, but now we are freed. To quote just a couple of them: עבדים היינו לפרעה במצרים...ואלו לא הוציא הקב״ה את ...
4
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2answers
334 views

Do any poskim exempt 13-20-year-olds from Mussaf?

In Artscroll’s edition of Sefer HaChinuch (vol. 2, p. 303), they quote a discussion regarding whether women are exempt from davening Mussaf: If women are obligated as men are in all the communal ...
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1answer
23 views

Hebrew slaves and Yovel - how does it starts and ends?

The Gemmorah links the Hebrew slavery to the [idea of] Yovel (Gitin 65, Kidushin 69, Erchin 29, Rambam Avadim 1, 10): "אין אמה העבריה נוהגת ולא עבד עברי נוהג אלא בזמן שהיובל נוהג. בין עבד עברי ...
3
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0answers
48 views

What happens if Hebrew Slave goes on strike?

@Joel's answer to my previous question "whats-so-slave-ish-in-the-hebrew-slave" showed a possible difference between a slave and an employee - the later can simply walk away. That made me think: what ...
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2answers
64 views

Unexpected Yovel (50th year) to free slaves?

Rambam Avadim 2: "מְכָרוּהוּ בֵּית דִּין עוֹבֵד שֵׁשׁ שָׁנִים ... אֲבָל אִם פָּגְעָה בּוֹ שְׁנַת יוֹבֵל אֲפִלּוּ נִמְכַּר שָׁנָה אַחַת לִפְנֵי הַיּוֹבֵל הֲרֵי זֶה יֵצֵא לְחֵרוּת : If the court ...
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1answer
29 views

Controversies in counting the 24 organs of freeing the slave

I've already asked a couple of questions on the counting of the 248 body organs, see the list. Lately, I asked some question on slavery and here's where those topics cross. The Gemmorah in Kiddushin ...
4
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1answer
83 views

Why may a master torture his non-Jewish slave?

We’re commanded to be sensitive to a convert, as we know what it’s like to be in a foreign land (Shemos 23:9): וְגֵ֖ר לֹ֣א תִלְחָ֑ץ וְאַתֶּ֗ם יְדַעְתֶּם֙ אֶת־נֶ֣פֶשׁ הַגֵּ֔ר כִּֽי־גֵרִ֥ים הֱיִיתֶ֖ם ...
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1answer
53 views

What's so slave-ish in the Hebrew Slave?

I'm trying to compare the status and duties of a Hebrew slave that sells himself to slavery versus a man that agrees to work for 7 years (שכיר שבוע), as in B"M 9,11: "שְׂכִיר שַׁבָּת, שְׂכִיר חֹדֶשׁ, ...
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1answer
35 views

What prevents a needy from stealing and being sold into slavery?

Imagine a poor Jewish guy with a screaming wife and 12 little kids that went bankrupt and lost everything he had. He still needs to support himself and his family. What prevents him from selecting ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Are there examples of Hebrew Slaves in the Gemmorah?

Are there examples of Hebrew Slaves mentioned in the Gemmorah? Names of the slaves or their masters, the amounts paid, the terms served etc? (I recall a couple of Eved K'naani like Tavi, but can't ...
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0answers
25 views

Who would want to buy a Hebrew slave to equal him to his master?

We all know how benevolent our position to the Jewish slavery is (Rambam Avadim 1): "כָּל עֶבֶד עִבְרִי אוֹ אָמָה הָעִבְרִיָּה חַיָּב הָאָדוֹן לְהַשְׁווֹתָן לוֹ בְּמַאֲכָל וּבְמַשְׁקֶה בִּכְסוּת ...
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28 views

Why did G-d promise the former slaves to continue cultivating slavery?

This question is a different aspect of the previous question "why-parshas-mishpatim-begin-with-laws-of-slaves". A man that is discharged from a prison promises to never get back. A nation that was ...
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0answers
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Why did the details of the commandments start with those related to slavery? [duplicate]

This week’s Torah portion, Mishpatim, following the Ten Commandments, has no less than 53 commandments giving the "details", beginning with: When you acquire a Hebrew slave, he shall serve you for ...
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4answers
242 views

Why does Parshas Mishpatim begin with laws of slaves?

Parshas Mishpatim, as its name implies, deals with the civil laws of the Torah. Out of all the civil laws in the Torah, the parshah begins with the laws of the Hebrew slave. Why did the Torah see fit ...
2
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1answer
60 views

Israel in Egypt after being freed but before the Exodus?

One of Artscroll's "Daily Dose of Torah" books, on parshat Vaera, says that the Israelites stayed in Egypt for a significant period of time after being freed from slavery but before the Exodus. I ...
4
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1answer
100 views

What happened to Noah's slaves?

According to such commentators or midrashim as say that Noah had slaves that joined him on the ark[1], what happened to them? That is: We hear a lot in the immediately succeeding chapters of Genesis (...
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0answers
28 views

Is Eved Ivri obligated in honoring one's parents?

A tough question that I could not find anyone mentioning. The Gemmorah in Kiddushin 30b says a married woman is exempt from honoring the parents as "whereas with regard to a woman, it is not in her ...
3
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2answers
222 views

Did the rights of a Jewish slave owner include having sex with his female slaves?

I know that Abraham had sex with his slave who acted as a surrogate for Sarah and I understand that to have been standard practice (even though God did not intend for his promise to be fulfilled ...
2
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1answer
69 views

Freeing Non-Jewish Slave

I stumbled across this statement regarding the prohibition of freeing a non-Jewish slave in an online article quoting Gemara Brachos. I am just looking for some clarity and background as to the nature ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Why is a slave sold for six years?

Why is a slave sold for six years? He's being sold for stealing. So he should be sold for the amount of time it takes to make enough to pay back the stolen amount.
2
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2answers
117 views

What was the justification for selling Joseph into slavery?

In Parashat Vayeishev, the story is recounted about how the children of Jacob conspired to kill Joseph. The explanation is that they judged him to be guilty of several violations and deserving of ...
2
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2answers
89 views

If Sarah's anger was only toward Ishmael, then could Sarah have halakhically asked Abraham to only expel Ishmael?

If Sarah's anger was only toward Ishmael, then could Sarah have halakhically asked (or within her rights, from whichever source, to ask) Abraham to only expel Ishmael and not Hagar, seeing Hagar is ...
2
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0answers
72 views

What should a woman do if she owns male slaves

It seems a woman is forbidden to acquire male slaves Rambam Avodim 1.2 and Shulchan Aruch 267.19 What should/must she do if she does? For example her property (Nichsai Milug and Tzon Barzel) she ...
3
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2answers
193 views

Had an unmarried Jewish woman ever owned a male slave, whom she acquired or asked to become her husband?

Had an unmarried Jewish woman ever owned a male slave, whom she acquired or asked to become her husband? Was there ever any occurrence in the Tanach, Gemara, Mishna, Halacha, Aggadot, Midrashim, etc. ...
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1answer
56 views

why is a half `Eved` not freed automatically

The Mishnah in Gittin debates a situation of a slave (Eved Cna'ani) of two masters that one of the masters frees him, this turns him into a half freed man (and Jewish) and half slave (and not Jewish?!...
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0answers
60 views

Who fasted with Ester?

The Bavli, M'gila, says that the seven servants that Ester had while in Hegay's harem were שהיתה מונה בהן ימי שבת, used by Ester to count the days of the week. Rashi explains שהיתה משרתת לה אחת באחד ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Why an עבד עברי's ear is awled

Rashi comments on שמות כא,ו, quoting the מכילתא and קידושין דף כב עמוד ב, that an עבד עברי who was sold into slavery due to stealing has a hole put in his ear for not listening to לא תגנוב and one in ...
4
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1answer
67 views

Backlash from ownership of all the land/people?

The simple reading of the Torah text implies that, through Joseph's leadership, in exchange for the grain, Egypt/Pharoah came to own all the land all over the world and the people were indentured to ...
0
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1answer
114 views

Can a non-Jewish slave convert and exit slavery this way?

Once entered into slavery, they have a semi-conversion whereupon they must keep a certain set of limited rules. Can they choose to fully convert and then be freed at the appropriate time of Shmita and ...
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2answers
126 views

Do convert slaves and Jewish slaves get released at the same time?

If a slave had converted prior to being acquired, do they also get released on Shmita and the Jubilee year?
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1answer
90 views

What's the essence of the root עבד

The root עבד is often used as a verb in context of doing work, of service (doing work for someone), worship (doing work for a god). The noun (avodah) is used likewise. The related word עבד (eved) is ...
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71 views

Is a maidservant required to be 'moseret nefesh' for her master?

In Sefer Bereshit, 30:3-13 the maidservants of both Rochel and Leah are given to Yaacov in their stead to build Yaacov's house through bearing additional children. Since the text states that any ...
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0answers
46 views

Eved: why does it refer to both a slave and a servant?

What's the different between a slave and a servant, and why are both being refered to in the Tenach as 'eved' (both are being used to translate 'eved').
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1answer
107 views

Does an eved canaani who is freed due to physical injury become a full fledged Jew?

If an eved canaani is freed due to physical injury inflicted by his owner, does he become a full fledged Jew as he would if he were freed by his owner for another reason?
2
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2answers
280 views

Are we children or servants of HaShem?

HaShem teaches us to serve Him (Shemot 23:25), because we're His servants (Vayikra 25:42, 25:55), HaShem also teaches that we're His children (Devarim 14:1). There is a long explanation about these ...
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2answers
223 views
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2answers
152 views

Why does the torah on injured slaves call out eyes and teeth but not other damages?

In Parshat Mishpatim (Sh'mot 21:24-25) the torah tells us that if a man injuries another person he owes compensation: eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, and so on (listing ...
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1answer
72 views

When does an Eved Knani become bar mitzvah?

When does an Eved Knani become bar mitzvah, at age 12 like a woman or 13 like a man?
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1answer
209 views

Ear Piercing of Jewish slave that wants to stay a slave a mum?

I heard in a daf yomi shiur (on kedushin 21b) that a koen can not want to stay a slave (one opinion says it is because he the Ear Piercing will make him have a mum What Ear Piercing makes a mum? ...
5
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1answer
201 views

How did Israel's slavery in Mitzrayim begin?

When Yosef is about to die he tells his brothers that God will surely remember them and bring them up out of Mitzrayim (Bereishit 50:24-25). This suggests that they were already not free to leave (...
6
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2answers
171 views

What would a slave say in the birchot hashachar?

Given that women replace shelo asani isha with she'asani kirtzono, is there any halacha on what a Jewish slave would say for shelo asani eved? Also, would a slave need to be need to be acquired & ...
3
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3answers
890 views

Yosef sold into prostitution

I remember hearing of a source that states that Yosef was sold into prostitution, or some other form of sexual slavery, by his brothers, and not just plain slavery as is commonly assumed. Does such a ...
5
votes
1answer
138 views

In the story about Eliezer searching for a wife for Yitzchak, why does the Torah alternate terminology about him between “slave” and “man”?

In viewing the story in Breishit 24, regarding Eliezer searching for a wife for Yitzchak, we see that the Torah first calls him עבד - slave (starting from the point that Eliezer leaves Avraham's home) ...
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0answers
142 views

Is a pilegesh the same as a handmaiden?

I'm confused as to whether what the actual relationship to a man a pilegesh actually has in Jewish Law. I've seen conflicting sources: (1) Hebrew school taught a pilegesh is a secondary wife (...
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0answers
76 views

Does a husband have to maintain his wife's bondwomen?

A mishna on Ketubot 59b lists the household tasks a husband may demand of his wife (grinding corn, baking bread, washing his clothes, etc). It then goes on to say that if she brought a bondwoman (...
1
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1answer
51 views

Why does the Hagadda talk about our being slaves now and free next year in Israel?

Why does the paragraph that introduces the pesach hagada ("This is the bread of affliction") talk about our being slaves now and free next year, in Israel? If it is speaking literally, what location ...
3
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1answer
79 views

Is Esther's comment in Esther 7:4 a reference to one of the curses in Devarim 28:68?

In Esther 7:4, Esther says that had the Jews been sold for slaves and maidservants, she would have been silent. Devarim 28:68 says that we would be shipped to Egypt, and we would try to sell ...
2
votes
1answer
188 views

Does a maidservant have the right to refuse marriage to her master or his son when the time for it comes?

We learn from Mishpatim that a father can sell his daughter into the service of a master. This master then designates her as a future bride for himself or his son. At what age is the maidservant ...
8
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1answer
108 views

The Ear That Heard “Don't Steal”

Rashi to Exodus (21:6) quotes the Mechilta which connects the drilling of the ear of the slave to hearing "don't steal" at Sinai. The obvious question asked by the Moshav Z'keinim (there) is that ...