Questions tagged [money]

Questions pertaining to money, including both physical currency and finances, in general.

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66 views

Selling a house after COVID

According to the mishna on 25b of Masechet Megilla, "בני העיר שמכרו רחובה של עיר לוקחין בדמיו בית הכנסת" (if the people of a city sell an open area, the money is used to buy a synagogue). ...
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What are the economics of charity collectors who come from outside the United States?

In my shul from time to time someone from outside the United States, usually from Israel, comes to collect charity. I would like to better understand the economics of this process. I had heard ...
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70 views

Handling food valued as currency on Shabbos

What is the status of a food item on Shabbos which a country declares as legal tender? For example, if a developing country designates chocolate as legal tender, may one consume, handle, or "...
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Different languages describing forefathers' wealth

Off the top of my head, I bring three different verses describing the (enormous) wealth of our forefathers, each mentioning different parts of it: Abraham: "וְאַבְרָם כָּבֵד מְאֹד בַּמִּקְנֶה ...
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Is postponing payment of a loan a Mitzvah?

IIRC, it is a Mitzvah of not pushing a person to return a loan when he doesn't have enough resources (לא תהא לו כנושה). Let's say I lent $1000 to my friend and we agreed he can return it whenever he ...
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1answer
66 views

Is having a bank account a violation of the mitzvah not to charge interest?

Since when you have a bank account you are technically loaning money to the bank and charging the bank interest, is this a violation of the negative mitzvah not to charge interest on a loan? Or for a ...
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Does paying taxes in Israel count as Maaser? [duplicate]

I live in Israel and pay over $1500 in taxes monthly. A certain amount of this money certainly goes to supporting non-working Haredi families with low income: the State pays over ILS 500 for each ...
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1answer
137 views

Do the Sources include any halacha on insurance companies?

Is there any evidence that they had insurance companies, with policies and premiums, in biblical or Talmudic times? If so, what halachic constraints were placed on these practices?
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If shemittah passed, is it still honorable to repay a debt?

If Reuven owes Shimon $10, and shemittah passed, and Reuven remembered he never paid Shimon, yet he still wants to, should he? Is it honorable?
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Can you be forgiven for a debt without paying?

Two part question here. Curious if anyone knows of anything chazal says on the concept of owing people money and not paying back in a timely fashion, or not paying back at all, regarding the severity ...
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1answer
49 views

Asking a monetary Shaila on Shabbos

Is it Mutar to ask a Rav a monetary Shaila on Shabbos (assuming your are not merely asking for the sake of Torah, but the Shaila is actually relevant practically)?
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When forgiving a loan, in front of whom do you need to say it ? Which details need to be mentioned?

Reuven lent Shimon money indefinitely, he said "pay me back when you have extra money". It's been a number of years, and Reuven has never brought it up, and would like to forgive Shimon. He ...
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Giving Tzedakah Less than a Perutah

The consensus among poskim is that a prutah is 1/40 of a gram of silver, which is usually more than 1 cent but less than 5 cents. So if a person only gives a penny to tzedakah (let's say that is all ...
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Benefiting from stolen

Situation 1) Let's suppose some thief takes the money from someone, then he puts that money again in the market, people would be using stolen money. Situation 2) Let's suppose this thief gives or ...
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Finance in the Torah

Knowing that Finance is an integral part of one's daily life, is the idea of how one should budget mentioned in the Torah Sh'beksav or Torah Sh'baal Peh?
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Is destroying money Bal Tashchit

Aside from the national legality of destroying currency, does the Torah consider the intention of lowering inflation a valid reason for destroying money, or will it fall under Bal Tashchit?
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Who is rich in matters of courtship?

The Mishna says: If a man says to a woman, "Marry me. I am rich.", and she agrees, but it turns out he is poor, the betrothal is not valid. If a man says to a woman, "Marry me, even though I am poor."...
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When making bank deposits, does one have to filter out foreign coins if the bank itself doesn't?

Where I live, one can go to any bank and buy rolls (or cases!) of pennies, and one can also redeem such rolls. Merchants do both of these often. I have noticed that rolls of pennies occasionally ...
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66 views

Forefathers and consumerism - why they had more that they can eat?

Yaakov said (Gen 33.11): ... כִּי־חַנַּנִי אֱלֹהִים וְכִי יֶשׁ־לִי־כֹל ...׃ ... for God has favored me and I have everything... Rashi: יש לי כל: כָּל סִפּוּקִי; וְעֵשָׂו דִּבֵּר בִּלְשׁוֹן ...
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What punitive powers, if any, does a modern day Beit Din posses?

If a person is summoned to a Beit Din today for a legal or monetary dispute and refuses to come to the Beit Din or participate in the process in any way, what punitive powers does a Beit Din in ...
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Charity given to poor person who then becomes wealthy

If someone decided to help a poor family out by giving them a substantial amount of money (years worth) and then subsequently the poor gets yerusha or wins the lottery, according to the halacha does ...
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Halachic definition of a house for rent

House renting services like Airbnb are very popular these days and I've used their services while traveling abroad. Usually, the advertisement requires pictures of the place, but many times those are ...
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1answer
87 views

Paying taxes to a corrupted government [duplicate]

There are many countries with corrupted governments who steal taxpayers' money. Is one still obliged to pay taxes if the government is corrupted and steals a big fraction of the taxes one pays? What's ...
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Can Etrog and Lulav be too cheap?

In the last years, in Israel, on Erev Chag Succot, about 4 hours before the Chag begins, we witness an interesting phenomenon - incredible price drop for the 4 Minim, especially the expensive Etrog ...
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When selling a house, what pieces of furniture go with it?

Based on Baba Batrah 65-67, what are the opinions in the contemporary Halacha about what pieces of furniture are considered "house" and what not, when one sells a house at a fixed price? Is selling ...
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82 views

Is there ever a case that the groom can get back the money he used for the wedding

Halachikly the groom is the one who pays for the wedding (last paragraph on this page Igros Moshe 7 even ezer 4:92:1 and can the bride's family force Sheva Brachot ) Is there ever a case that the ...
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“Penny Press” machines and erasing G-d's name [duplicate]

NOTE: while a bit similar to this question, they're not entirely the same. For example: this question is more of a "grama"/ indirect causation of erasing G-d's name (via pushing a button) vs. a person ...
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1answer
213 views

How come the Rambam forbids picking up money found in the street?

I always understood that, when one sees a banknote in the street, one is allowed to keep it (and others wrote this way, e.g., R Belsky here and businesshalacha there #17). Then I saw the Rambam ...
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Issues with owning publicly-traded stock of certain companies and deriving benefit from it? [duplicate]

Is it prohibited to own publicly-traded stock in a company that owns and runs restaurants that sell cheeseburgers and/or other foods where the meat and milk is mixed together while cooking or owns ...
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86 views

Torah Source For Emergency Fund?

Although it might seem obvious to responsible individuals to have an "emergency fund", some might say it's a lack of bitachon - is there a Torah source (Gemara, Midrash, Halacha, etc) for saving up ...
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Does a broker keep the leads he worked on?

A broker works at a Merchant Cash Advance Company and the company provides leads to the broker. The broker's job is to sort through those leads, identify the ones that are really interested, build ...
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3answers
114 views

What Jewish monetary laws defy common logic?

While most laws stem from the Sages' logic presented in the Gemmorah, there is a subset of Halochos called Hukim (decrees) that are to be taken without understanding their reasoning. Are there Hukim ...
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1answer
126 views

Why is the word for silver in Torah the same word for money? [closed]

Is there a reason why the Hebrew word for silver is the same word for money in Hebrew?
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42 views

What can the proceeds from the sale of a pasul Sefer Torah be used for?

What are the restrictions, if any, on what the proceeds on the sale of a pasul Sefer Torah can be used for? Can the proceeds be used for capital improvements to the Shul?
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Is it permissible to give someone money for davening?

Suppose if I had a brother that doesn't daven, and no matter how much you advice he won't daven, but he cares about money so if you give him money he will start davening, and if I kept giving him ...
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51 views

Do convertible bonds issued between Jews conform with Halakha of interest?

A convertible note (a.k.a. "convertible bond") is a financial instrument that is a hybrid between debt and equity in a business. The way it works is that an investor invests some money in a company, ...
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1answer
113 views

Why isn't a warning required to obligate a fine?

The Torah says that by capital punishment (Hilchos Issurei Bi'ah 1:2) and by lashes (Hilchos Sanhedrin 16:4) a person must be given proper hasra'ah (warning) before a punishment can be administered. ...
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2answers
132 views

Kiddushin via a valuable coin that's literally worth less than a perutah

Suppose one were to mekadesh a woman using a valuable coin that is literally worth less than a perutah, but the same coin technically carried an additional value. For example: a 1943 1 cent Lincoln ...
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3answers
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Does a convert retain his debts to Gentiles and to Jews?

Following my previous question, After the conversion, does a convert Halachicly, as a newly formed Jew, keep all his existing debts to other Gentiles and Jews? Also, is he obligated to return A ...
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3answers
141 views

Why does a fresh convert retain his property?

It seems pretty obvious that a convert keeps his property. It is also Halachicly valid - a convert does not re-acquire his property back after conversion (see Mishnah_Peah.4.6 or Mishnah_Challah.3.6 ...
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132 views

Watering flowers or vegetable on Chol Hamoed

The first mishna in Moed Katan delineates limitations on agricultural work that may be performed on the less sanctified intermediate days of a festival (chol hamoed). The Shulchan Aruch (OC 537) ...
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1answer
415 views

What are the halakhic considerations when it comes to patronizing a business whose workers are on strike?

Crossing a picket line and patronizing a business whose workers are on strike, against the will of the workers, is a controversial action with some people saying it should never be done. I read an ...
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Views on vast economical inequity between people

While the lack of uniformity of the physical world remains a mystery of the Big Bang (how come that what once was unified and homogeneous shattered into pieces so different in sizes - from photons to ...
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2answers
139 views

Using a siddur to Daven from in a seforim store

There are many seforim stores that have a minyan for Mincha in the store. If someone were to use a siddur from the store in order to daven with that minyan in a way that there's no perceived damage on ...
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Halachic limitations on testing Hashem with Tzedaka

THe Gemmorah (Taanis 9a) discusses the idea of testing Hashem with charity/tithes and brings proof from Tanach (Malachi 3,10) - you give your charity and Hashem maximizes your "earnings": אשכחיה ר' ...
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1answer
53 views

Money spent on Achasverous Party

Many midrashim speaks on the greatness of the money spent by King achasverous in holding the 180 days party. Is there any midrash that speaks on how much exactly did Achasverous spent on the party?
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371 views

Talents during the time of Achasverous

The Megillah states that Haman gave 10,000 Talents of silver to King Achasverous. What is the value of a talent of silver in their age and the value now?
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Which region took the majority of wealth?

Avos d’Rebbi Nassan 28:1: רבי נתן אומר [...] ואין לך חכמה כחכמה של ארץ ישראל. ואין לך יופי כיופי של ירושלים. ואין לך עושר כעושר של מדי. ואין לך גבורה כגבורה של פרס. ואין לך זנות כזנות של ערביים. ...
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How to beware of the prohibition of Ona'a?

When learning about Ona'a (ShuA CM רכ"ז) I notice, that despite the long list of Halochos there are no measures of prevention mentioned either for the seller or the buyer(as far as I could see). I ...
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Clarification on Mesivta's calculations of Shtut

The Mesivta on B"M 50 brings the following table summarizing different ways of calculations of Shtut: I couldn't understand, if 1 out of 6 makes 16.6%, how come 9 out of 60 make 8.3%. Please help ...

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