Questions tagged [number]

questions about numbers

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2
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2answers
97 views

Population of Jews at exodus seems unrealistically large [duplicate]

I am a preacher. Today I was talking with some Jews who talked about the 2.5 -3.0 million people who witnessed the miracles of the exodus. But according to my knowledge, the population of Africa at ...
-5
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0answers
55 views

How many casualties are mentioned in the Torah alone? [on hold]

There's no question that humans are created flawed and tend to sin and therefore G-d needs to continuously correct their behavior by cutting off their lives. If that is not enough people are ...
5
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1answer
52 views

Why do washing cups have two handles?

My question is closely related to this one. However, that question has an unsourced assumption. So, I'm asking my question, here, hoping that I can get a clearer answer. Most washing cups (for ...
0
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2answers
237 views

How many Mitzvos does the Mishnah cover?

How many (out of the 613 Deoraytah) Mitzvos are explicitly discussed in the 6 Sdarim of the Mishah (not including those that are only mentioned tangentially, like Kibud Av at the beginning of Peah)?
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0answers
55 views

Is there math in Torah?

I have watched a nice movie back in the day that deals with numbers. In one of the scenes. A Jewish man comes to The Mathematician and tells about how the Hebrew uses the same "letters" as letters ...
0
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1answer
84 views

The number 8 does not appear in the numbering of the tribes in Bamidbar except for the census of Kehos and the total of Leviim. Why not?

Is there any significance in the absence of the number 8 in the individual census of the 12 tribes taken in Chapter 1 of Bamidbar? Reuben: 46,500 Simeon: 59,300 Gad: 45,650 Judah: 74,600 ...
3
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0answers
48 views

When did the custom of giving charity in multiples of 18 begin? [duplicate]

People often give charity in multiples of 18. What is the earliest record of such donations?
0
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2answers
106 views

Bamidbar Census does not add up

Why does the census of Bamidbar 1.20-43 come to a sum of 603,550 when the total tribal count is 637,800? There is a difference between the total tribal count (637,800) and the pasuk (verse) in 1:46 ...
3
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2answers
104 views

Why do we count Sefirah cardinally rather than ordinally?

The Shulchan Aruch (OC 489:1) rules as follows: כיצד ביום הראשון אומר היום יום אחד (בעומר) עד שמגיע לשבעה ימים ואז יאמר היום שבעה ימים שהם שבוע אחד (בעומר) וביום שמיני אומר היום שמונה ימים שהם שבוע ...
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3answers
68 views

Why Eleven and Twelve in “Echad Mi Yodea” refer to the same thing?

In Echad Mi Yodea song both #11 and #12 refer to the tribes - without Yosef and with him. This is especially pronounced in the families that go through the full list on every line, like "the 3 ...
6
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1answer
43 views

Why is the beracha of Shehechiyanu phrased in the plural?

The Bracha of Shehechiyanu reads as follows: ברוך...שהחיינו וקיימנו והגיענו לזמן הזה ...that He kept us alive and sustained us and brought us to this time. Why is Shehechiyanu phrased in the ...
2
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0answers
54 views

Tools to validate Torah codes

Torah codes are "a purported set of secret messages encoded within the Hebrew text of the Torah" (Wikipedia). For instance, a well known code suggests that counting 3 intervals of 12111 letters from ...
3
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3answers
132 views

603,550 Jews at Sinai and 603,550 Jews Entering Promised Land?

Why in Exodus 38:26 does it say there were 603,550 men over age 20, and then in Numbers 1:46 the exact same number (603,550) is again listed? Didn’t all the Jews of the generation in Exodus all die ...
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0answers
17 views

Can Jews be counted if each person says his / her number?

This answer indicates that it is always forbidden to count Jews directly. However, can one count them if each person says his / her number? E.g. - when I was in camp, the counselor assigned us a ...
2
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1answer
39 views

When is it halachically prohibited to count Jews?

Half Shekalim were used to take a census of Jews in the desert. When counting Jews to form a minyan, people use a verse or some other method to count rather than using direct numbers. Under what ...
3
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4answers
241 views

Numbers of Exaggeration in Talmud

I remember seeing an early authoritative source (Rishonim, maybe a Tosfos?) that noted which numbers are always (technically not always) used by the Rabbis to indicate exaggeration in stories (60, 300,...
3
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1answer
82 views

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Yerushalmi

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Bavli asks: I heard there is a style of Talmud study somewhere, where as a verse presents itself in the Talmud, the student would learn the entire chapter from ...
0
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1answer
105 views

Total number of Simanim In Shulchan Aruch

How many Simanim (Not Seifim) are there in all of Shulchan Aruch?
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1answer
35 views

Controversies in counting the 24 organs of freeing the slave

I've already asked a couple of questions on the counting of the 248 body organs, see the list. Lately, I asked some question on slavery and here's where those topics cross. The Gemmorah in Kiddushin ...
3
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2answers
124 views

How are there 72 verses in Parshat Yitro?

In many chumashim a masoretic note appears at the end of Parshat Yitro which states that there are 72 verses in the sidrah. (See e.g. here) How is this number arrived at? By my count, if one uses ta'...
0
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1answer
79 views

Why 1/6th - שתות in the Mishna is in Aramaic?

It appears suspicious to me, that an Aramaic word Shtut is used everywhere in the Hebrew text of the Mishnah, like in: "שׁוּם הַדַּיָּנִין שֶׁפִּחֲתוּ שְׁתוּת אוֹ הוֹסִיפוּ שְׁתוּת..." (Ksubos 11) ...
6
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0answers
71 views

Is there a connection between the two times 7 cows, ears and years that Yaakov worked for his wives?

Is there any connection or relationship between the seven fat & seven lean cows, the seven beautiful and seven parched ears of grain that Pharaoh dreamt and Yosef interpreted, and the seven years ...
5
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0answers
53 views

Ascending or descending order when mentioning units in a number?

I noticed an apparent conflict when the Torah uses units of a large number. It seems to occur with mentioning someone's age. Examples: Breishit 23:1 Sarah lived 100 years and 20 years and 7 years ...
6
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1answer
115 views

Calling up more people to the Torah to ensure seven Shabbat observers

R Avraham Yosef (the son of R Ovadia Yosef) recently said on his weekly radio program that, in his synagogue, he always call up 10 people on Shabbat to ensure that at least seven of them are Shabbat-...
1
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1answer
125 views

Different counts of the 248 organs - bones or soft tissues?

First read the related questions here (mitzvot-and-their-body-parts and here (613-organs). The Mishnah in Ohalot (1:8) states that there are 248 organs and lists all of them: "מָאתַיִם ...
1
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1answer
68 views

What is the minimum number to comprise a band (גדוד)?

At the end of parsha 20 in Pesikta Rabbati, it refers to various bands (גדוד) of angels being shown to Moshe. Is there any minimum number as defined in Torah as to how many comprise a band?
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1answer
78 views

Inconsistent base-10 system of judges

In Devarim 1:15 (also Shemot 18:21) we see the numerical system of the hierarchical system of leaders: ואקח את־ראשי שבטיכם אנשים חכמים וידעים ואתן אתם ראשים עליכם שרי אלפים ושרי מאות ושרי חמשים ...
6
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2answers
95 views

The purpose of the detailed counting of Benei Yisrael in the Torah

We know that all letter in the Torah has a purpose. A lot of laws are learned from a little thing in the Torah, etc. What is the purpose of all the details in the counting of Benei Yisrael in ...
7
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2answers
246 views

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Bavli

I heard there is a style of Talmud study somewhere, where as a verse presents itself in the Talmud, the student would learn the entire chapter from תנ״ך. With that, were one to complete the entire ...
-2
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1answer
59 views

Shisha Va-shishim Ushlosh Meyot (366) - mi yodeya?

Who knows three hundred sixty six? ששה וששים ושלש מאות - מי יודע?‏ The traditional Passover song "Echad - mi yodeya" implies a possible presupposition that there is a Jewish significance to be found ...
7
votes
3answers
189 views

Avos vs. the Hagada on plague counts

My son asks: The Hagada mentions, toward the end of Magid, three opinions on how many plagues the Egyptians suffered in Egypt and on the Red Sea: R' Yose Haglili: 10 and 50 R' Eliezzer: 40 and 200 R'...
17
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1answer
297 views

How to determine “population statistics” for population dependant Halachot?

There appear to be several halachot that are based on "a majority of Israel". For example: Mishnah Berachot 54a: הרואה מקום שנעשו בו נסים לישראל אומר ברוך שעשה נסים לאבותינו במקום הזה IF ONE ...
2
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1answer
106 views

Shisha Veshishim Ushesh Meot (666) - mi yodeya?

Who knows six hundred sixty-six? Please cite/link your sources, if possible. At some point between twenty-four hours and a few days from now, I will: Vote up all interesting, relevant answers. ...
4
votes
1answer
79 views

Can the שנים שעשו recipe be doubled?

My kid asked: I understand that if two people complete a forbidden activity on Shabas by superfluously joining forces to do a task either could do alone, they don't get the punishment one of them ...
5
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1answer
97 views

Reversal of the number of positive and negative precepts

The Gemara in Makkos 23b states: דרש רבי שמלאי שש מאות ושלש עשרה מצות נאמרו לו למשה שלש מאות וששים וחמש לאוין כמנין ימות החמה ומאתים וארבעים ושמונה עשה כנגד איבריו של אדם R. Simlai when ...
2
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5answers
145 views

Shisha Va-arba'im Ushlosh Meyot - mi yodeya?

Who knows three hundred forty six? ששה וארבעים ושלוש מאות - מי יודע?‏ The traditional Passover song "Echad - mi yodeya" implies a possible presupposition that there is a Jewish significance to ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Understanding G-d's unity [duplicate]

I recently learned according to the Torah ("Shema Isroel, Hashem is our God, Hashem is one"), that G-D is one and single. Please help me understand this unity.
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0answers
34 views

Why is this as it is (number of men twenty years old and over who were subject to military service, as censused in the Sinai Desert )? [duplicate]

It is written in Parashah 34: B’midbar (In the desert) 1:1–4:20: "20 The men twenty years old and over who were subject to military service were recorded by name, family and clan, starting with the ...
6
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2answers
612 views

How did numbers “look” in earliest known Torah/Tanach scriptures?

When I read the Bible in my domestic language, the numerals I found there, if written in numeral form, are Hindu-Arabic numerals 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9. But, I would like to know how did numbers look, ...
4
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2answers
132 views

Was Avrohom really born in 1948?

I have always been told that Avrohom Ovinu was born 1948 years after Odom was created. I recently thought I would add up the relevant figures in Sidra Bereisis and Sidra Noach to see what number I ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

How many people brought sacrifices to the tabernacle at the same time?

With over 600,000 male Israelites required to offer sacrifices at the Tabernacle, how many males came at one time? This seems to comprise an enormous logistical difficulty.
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0answers
72 views

Why in Hebrew masculine nouns agree with feminine numbers and vice verse? [closed]

Also in other semitic languages, see Why do feminine-looking numbers agree with masculine nouns and vice versa in Hebrew and Arabic?. As other languages seemingly stemmed from Biblical Hebrew (Loshon ...
3
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0answers
296 views

What is the significance of 770 for Chaba"d?

Wikipedia explains the significance of the number 770 for Chaba"d. What isn't clear is if the rebbe made this comment after the purchase of the home or if Agudat Anshei Chaba"d specifically sought (or ...
2
votes
2answers
629 views

How many descendants did Abraham give rise to?

In Genesis 22 there is a divine oath that seems to suggest that Abraham's descendants will be way more numerous than has yet been realize: Berean Study Bible Genesis 22: 16 and said, "By Myself I ...
4
votes
2answers
515 views

How does this list add up to 248 bones?

The Mishnah in Oholos 1:8 gives a list of 248 bones in the human body: 30 in the feet1 6 in each toe2 10 in the ankle3 2 in the shin3 5 in the knee3 1 in the thigh3 3 in the hip3 ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

What were the approximate ages of the heads of house(niseim) in parshat bamidbar. Above or below 60 years old

Having just read last weeks parsha bamidbar. I wanted to know approximately how old the heads of house (niseim) of Israel were when the jews were counted. Were they older than 60 and they were not ...
2
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0answers
25 views

Four countings of Klal Yisrael - HaShem doesn't want us to decrease

The Ohr HaChaim at the beginning of Bamidbar asks why HaShem waited a month before counting Klal Yisrael, and how Klal Yisrael could have gained 3,550 from Mitzraim (600,000) to the Eigel (603,550) in ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Why does 14 connect positive and negative commandments?

Seeing that there are 248 mitzvos aseh positive and 365 mitzvos lo taaseh negative, I heard someone note both add together to give 14: 3-6-5:14 and 2-4-8: 14. Is there a connection between that number ...
3
votes
4answers
150 views

Chamisha Va-arba'im Ushlosh Meyot - mi yodeya?

Who knows three hundred forty five? חמישה וארבעים ושלוש מאות - מי יודע?‏ The traditional Passover song "Echad - mi yodeya" implies a possible presupposition that there is a Jewish significance ...
2
votes
0answers
93 views

How many righteous men are in each generation?

I have been reading questions about the lamed-vav, the 36 righteous people who exist in each generation. But Rashi, in Zecharia 11:12 cites the gemara in Chullin 92a which has an opinion that there ...