Questions tagged [number]

questions about numbers

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0answers
22 views

Forty and five, not five and forty

In Bereishis 18:28, when Hashem says that He will not destroy Sedom if there are 45 righteous people there, the number is spelled out "forty and five." However, most times a number between twenty and ...
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2answers
29 views

How to calculate the Hebrew character representing the verse number? [closed]

Here they have Hebrew letters on the sides marking each verse. It starts at the beginning of the alphabet and seems to work its way up. I can't find any information on it though. Searching around ...
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0answers
32 views

Holy days on the weekend [duplicate]

There are 13 holy days per year on which we must not work (outside of Israel): 2 Rosh Hashanah, 1 Yom Kippur, 4 Sukkot, 4 Pessah, 2 Shavuot. What are the minimum and maximum numbers of these days that ...
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1answer
78 views

How many times is the Amidah said in a year?

The Amidah is said three times a day during weekdays, four on Shabbat, and I believe a fifth time during Yom Kippur. Plus there are the repetitions of the Amidah that are said by the Chazen. For ...
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0answers
33 views

The biggest named gathering in the Talmud?

THe Talmud uses the term "Chachamim" extensively to refer to "other Rabbis" making it difficult to follow the Halachic decisions. What is the biggest Talmudic gathering where all participants (...
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0answers
32 views

How many Cohanim and Levi'im worked in the Temple daily?

How many Cohanim and Levi'im worked in the Temple daily (excluding supporting professions, like preparing woods or oils) and how many of them stayed there for sleep?
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0answers
60 views

What is 1,530 a reference to?

In his commentary to Genesis 7:12, R. Isaiah of Trani (the Elder) writes: וכן במניין ישראל אלף וחמש מאות ושלשים ואי אפשר דבר זה שלא היה אחד מהם יתר או חסר אלא כן דרך המקראות לתפוש מניין שלם ואפי' ...
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3answers
161 views

Has the number of the tribes of Israel anything to do with the universe/stars/planets?

Has the number of the tribes of Israel anything to do with the universe/stars/planets? Maybe the other way around? Is there anywhere in the Talmud or tradition that talks about this question (not ...
3
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1answer
48 views

Why does the Mishnah record the significance of the fifteen steps but not the twelve steps?

Middos 2:3 relates that there were twelve steps in the Cheil: וּשְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה מַעֲלוֹת הָיוּ שָׁם There were twelve steps there. Later, in Mishnah 5, the Mishnah relates that there are ...
2
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2answers
156 views

Population of Jews at exodus seems unrealistically large [duplicate]

I am a preacher. Today I was talking with some Jews who talked about the 2.5 -3.0 million people who witnessed the miracles of the exodus. But according to my knowledge, the population of Africa at ...
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1answer
66 views

Why do washing cups have two handles?

My question is closely related to this one. However, that question has an unsourced assumption. So, I'm asking my question, here, hoping that I can get a clearer answer. Most washing cups (for ...
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2answers
243 views

How many Mitzvos does the Mishnah cover?

How many (out of the 613 Deoraytah) Mitzvos are explicitly discussed in the 6 Sdarim of the Mishah (not including those that are only mentioned tangentially, like Kibud Av at the beginning of Peah)?
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1answer
111 views

Is there math in Torah?

I have watched a nice movie back in the day that deals with numbers. In one of the scenes. A Jewish man comes to The Mathematician and tells about how the Hebrew uses the same "letters" as letters ...
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1answer
98 views

The number 8 does not appear in the numbering of the tribes in Bamidbar except for the census of Kehos and the total of Leviim. Why not?

Is there any significance in the absence of the number 8 in the individual census of the 12 tribes taken in Chapter 1 of Bamidbar? Reuben: 46,500 Simeon: 59,300 Gad: 45,650 Judah: 74,600 ...
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0answers
51 views

When did the custom of giving charity in multiples of 18 begin? [duplicate]

People often give charity in multiples of 18. What is the earliest record of such donations?
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2answers
112 views

Bamidbar Census does not add up

Why does the census of Bamidbar 1.20-43 come to a sum of 603,550 when the total tribal count is 637,800? There is a difference between the total tribal count (637,800) and the pasuk (verse) in 1:46 ...
3
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2answers
106 views

Why do we count Sefirah cardinally rather than ordinally?

The Shulchan Aruch (OC 489:1) rules as follows: כיצד ביום הראשון אומר היום יום אחד (בעומר) עד שמגיע לשבעה ימים ואז יאמר היום שבעה ימים שהם שבוע אחד (בעומר) וביום שמיני אומר היום שמונה ימים שהם שבוע ...
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3answers
72 views

Why Eleven and Twelve in “Echad Mi Yodea” refer to the same thing?

In Echad Mi Yodea song both #11 and #12 refer to the tribes - without Yosef and with him. This is especially pronounced in the families that go through the full list on every line, like "the 3 ...
6
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1answer
53 views

Why is the beracha of Shehechiyanu phrased in the plural?

The Bracha of Shehechiyanu reads as follows: ברוך...שהחיינו וקיימנו והגיענו לזמן הזה ...that He kept us alive and sustained us and brought us to this time. Why is Shehechiyanu phrased in the ...
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0answers
59 views

Tools to validate Torah codes

Torah codes are "a purported set of secret messages encoded within the Hebrew text of the Torah" (Wikipedia). For instance, a well known code suggests that counting 3 intervals of 12111 letters from ...
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3answers
136 views

603,550 Jews at Sinai and 603,550 Jews Entering Promised Land?

Why in Exodus 38:26 does it say there were 603,550 men over age 20, and then in Numbers 1:46 the exact same number (603,550) is again listed? Didn’t all the Jews of the generation in Exodus all die ...
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0answers
19 views

Can Jews be counted if each person says his / her number?

This answer indicates that it is always forbidden to count Jews directly. However, can one count them if each person says his / her number? E.g. - when I was in camp, the counselor assigned us a ...
2
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1answer
44 views

When is it halachically prohibited to count Jews?

Half Shekalim were used to take a census of Jews in the desert. When counting Jews to form a minyan, people use a verse or some other method to count rather than using direct numbers. Under what ...
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4answers
253 views

Numbers of Exaggeration in Talmud

I remember seeing an early authoritative source (Rishonim, maybe a Tosfos?) that noted which numbers are always (technically not always) used by the Rabbis to indicate exaggeration in stories (60, 300,...
3
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1answer
90 views

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Yerushalmi

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Bavli asks: I heard there is a style of Talmud study somewhere, where as a verse presents itself in the Talmud, the student would learn the entire chapter from ...
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1answer
142 views

Total number of Simanim In Shulchan Aruch

How many Simanim (Not Seifim) are there in all of Shulchan Aruch?
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1answer
35 views

Controversies in counting the 24 organs of freeing the slave

I've already asked a couple of questions on the counting of the 248 body organs, see the list. Lately, I asked some question on slavery and here's where those topics cross. The Gemmorah in Kiddushin ...
3
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2answers
127 views

How are there 72 verses in Parshat Yitro?

In many chumashim a masoretic note appears at the end of Parshat Yitro which states that there are 72 verses in the sidrah. (See e.g. here) How is this number arrived at? By my count, if one uses ta'...
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1answer
81 views

Why 1/6th - שתות in the Mishna is in Aramaic?

It appears suspicious to me, that an Aramaic word Shtut is used everywhere in the Hebrew text of the Mishnah, like in: "שׁוּם הַדַּיָּנִין שֶׁפִּחֲתוּ שְׁתוּת אוֹ הוֹסִיפוּ שְׁתוּת..." (Ksubos 11) ...
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0answers
74 views

Is there a connection between the two times 7 cows, ears and years that Yaakov worked for his wives?

Is there any connection or relationship between the seven fat & seven lean cows, the seven beautiful and seven parched ears of grain that Pharaoh dreamt and Yosef interpreted, and the seven years ...
6
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1answer
80 views

Ascending or descending order when mentioning units in a number?

I noticed an apparent conflict when the Torah uses units of a large number. It seems to occur with mentioning someone's age. Examples: Breishit 23:1 Sarah lived 100 years and 20 years and 7 years ...
6
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1answer
125 views

Calling up more people to the Torah to ensure seven Shabbat observers

R Avraham Yosef (the son of R Ovadia Yosef) recently said on his weekly radio program that, in his synagogue, he always call up 10 people on Shabbat to ensure that at least seven of them are Shabbat-...
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1answer
136 views

Different counts of the 248 organs - bones or soft tissues?

First read the related questions here (mitzvot-and-their-body-parts and here (613-organs). The Mishnah in Ohalot (1:8) states that there are 248 organs and lists all of them: "מָאתַיִם ...
1
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1answer
70 views

What is the minimum number to comprise a band (גדוד)?

At the end of parsha 20 in Pesikta Rabbati, it refers to various bands (גדוד) of angels being shown to Moshe. Is there any minimum number as defined in Torah as to how many comprise a band?
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1answer
82 views

Inconsistent base-10 system of judges

In Devarim 1:15 (also Shemot 18:21) we see the numerical system of the hierarchical system of leaders: ואקח את־ראשי שבטיכם אנשים חכמים וידעים ואתן אתם ראשים עליכם שרי אלפים ושרי מאות ושרי חמשים ...
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2answers
95 views

The purpose of the detailed counting of Benei Yisrael in the Torah

We know that all letter in the Torah has a purpose. A lot of laws are learned from a little thing in the Torah, etc. What is the purpose of all the details in the counting of Benei Yisrael in ...
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2answers
252 views

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Bavli

I heard there is a style of Talmud study somewhere, where as a verse presents itself in the Talmud, the student would learn the entire chapter from תנ״ך. With that, were one to complete the entire ...
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1answer
63 views

Shisha Va-shishim Ushlosh Meyot (366) - mi yodeya?

Who knows three hundred sixty six? ששה וששים ושלש מאות - מי יודע?‏ The traditional Passover song "Echad - mi yodeya" implies a possible presupposition that there is a Jewish significance to be found ...
7
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3answers
189 views

Avos vs. the Hagada on plague counts

My son asks: The Hagada mentions, toward the end of Magid, three opinions on how many plagues the Egyptians suffered in Egypt and on the Red Sea: R' Yose Haglili: 10 and 50 R' Eliezzer: 40 and 200 R'...
17
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2answers
352 views

How to determine “population statistics” for population-dependent Halachot?

There appear to be several halachot that are based on "a majority of Israel". For example: Mishnah Berachot 54a: הרואה מקום שנעשו בו נסים לישראל אומר ברוך שעשה נסים לאבותינו במקום הזה IF ONE ...
2
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1answer
109 views

Shisha Veshishim Ushesh Meot (666) - mi yodeya?

Who knows six hundred sixty-six? Please cite/link your sources, if possible. At some point between twenty-four hours and a few days from now, I will: Vote up all interesting, relevant answers. ...
4
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1answer
79 views

Can the שנים שעשו recipe be doubled?

My kid asked: I understand that if two people complete a forbidden activity on Shabas by superfluously joining forces to do a task either could do alone, they don't get the punishment one of them ...
5
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1answer
101 views

Reversal of the number of positive and negative precepts

The Gemara in Makkos 23b states: דרש רבי שמלאי שש מאות ושלש עשרה מצות נאמרו לו למשה שלש מאות וששים וחמש לאוין כמנין ימות החמה ומאתים וארבעים ושמונה עשה כנגד איבריו של אדם R. Simlai when ...
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5answers
147 views

Shisha Va-arba'im Ushlosh Meyot - mi yodeya?

Who knows three hundred forty six? ששה וארבעים ושלוש מאות - מי יודע?‏ The traditional Passover song "Echad - mi yodeya" implies a possible presupposition that there is a Jewish significance to ...
0
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1answer
80 views

Understanding G-d's unity [duplicate]

I recently learned according to the Torah ("Shema Isroel, Hashem is our God, Hashem is one"), that G-D is one and single. Please help me understand this unity.
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0answers
37 views

Why is this as it is (number of men twenty years old and over who were subject to military service, as censused in the Sinai Desert )? [duplicate]

It is written in Parashah 34: B’midbar (In the desert) 1:1–4:20: "20 The men twenty years old and over who were subject to military service were recorded by name, family and clan, starting with the ...
6
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2answers
614 views

How did numbers “look” in earliest known Torah/Tanach scriptures?

When I read the Bible in my domestic language, the numerals I found there, if written in numeral form, are Hindu-Arabic numerals 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9. But, I would like to know how did numbers look, ...
4
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2answers
139 views

Was Avrohom really born in 1948?

I have always been told that Avrohom Ovinu was born 1948 years after Odom was created. I recently thought I would add up the relevant figures in Sidra Bereisis and Sidra Noach to see what number I ...
1
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1answer
113 views

How many people brought sacrifices to the tabernacle at the same time?

With over 600,000 male Israelites required to offer sacrifices at the Tabernacle, how many males came at one time? This seems to comprise an enormous logistical difficulty.
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0answers
80 views

Why in Hebrew masculine nouns agree with feminine numbers and vice verse? [closed]

Also in other semitic languages, see Why do feminine-looking numbers agree with masculine nouns and vice versa in Hebrew and Arabic?. As other languages seemingly stemmed from Biblical Hebrew (Loshon ...