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Questions tagged [number]

questions about numbers

3
votes
2answers
101 views

Why do we count Sefirah cardinally rather than ordinally?

The Shulchan Aruch (OC 489:1) rules as follows: כיצד ביום הראשון אומר היום יום אחד (בעומר) עד שמגיע לשבעה ימים ואז יאמר היום שבעה ימים שהם שבוע אחד (בעומר) וביום שמיני אומר היום שמונה ימים שהם שבוע ...
1
vote
3answers
67 views

Why Eleven and Twelve in “Echad Mi Yodea” refer to the same thing?

In Echad Mi Yodea song both #11 and #12 refer to the tribes - without Yosef and with him. This is especially pronounced in the families that go through the full list on every line, like "the 3 ...
6
votes
1answer
43 views

Why is the beracha of Shehechiyanu phrased in the plural?

The Bracha of Shehechiyanu reads as follows: ברוך...שהחיינו וקיימנו והגיענו לזמן הזה ...that He kept us alive and sustained us and brought us to this time. Why is Shehechiyanu phrased in the ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Tools to validate Torah codes

Torah codes are "a purported set of secret messages encoded within the Hebrew text of the Torah" (Wikipedia). For instance, a well known code suggests that counting 3 intervals of 12111 letters from ...
3
votes
3answers
126 views

603,550 Jews at Sinai and 603,550 Jews Entering Promised Land?

Why in Exodus 38:26 does it say there were 603,550 men over age 20, and then in Numbers 1:46 the exact same number (603,550) is again listed? Didn’t all the Jews of the generation in Exodus all die ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Can Jews be counted if each person says his / her number?

This answer indicates that it is always forbidden to count Jews directly. However, can one count them if each person says his / her number? E.g. - when I was in camp, the counselor assigned us a ...
3
votes
1answer
38 views

When is it halachically prohibited to count Jews?

Half Shekalim were used to take a census of Jews in the desert. When counting Jews to form a minyan, people use a verse or some other method to count rather than using direct numbers. Under what ...
3
votes
4answers
225 views

Numbers of Exaggeration in Talmud

I remember seeing an early authoritative source (Rishonim, maybe a Tosfos?) that noted which numbers are always (technically not always) used by the Rabbis to indicate exaggeration in stories (60, 300,...
3
votes
1answer
72 views

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Yerushalmi

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Bavli asks: I heard there is a style of Talmud study somewhere, where as a verse presents itself in the Talmud, the student would learn the entire chapter from ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Total number of Simanim In Shulchan Aruch

How many Simanim (Not Seifim) are there in all of Shulchan Aruch?
-1
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1answer
31 views

Controversies in counting the 24 organs of freeing the slave

I've already asked a couple of questions on the counting of the 248 body organs, see the list. Lately, I asked some question on slavery and here's where those topics cross. The Gemmorah in Kiddushin ...
3
votes
2answers
117 views

How are there 72 verses in Parshat Yitro?

In many chumashim a masoretic note appears at the end of Parshat Yitro which states that there are 72 verses in the sidrah. (See e.g. here) How is this number arrived at? By my count, if one uses ta'...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Why 1/6th - שתות in the Mishna is in Aramaic?

It appears suspicious to me, that an Aramaic word Shtut is used everywhere in the Hebrew text of the Mishnah, like in: "שׁוּם הַדַּיָּנִין שֶׁפִּחֲתוּ שְׁתוּת אוֹ הוֹסִיפוּ שְׁתוּת..." (Ksubos 11) ...
6
votes
0answers
71 views

Is there a connection between the two times 7 cows, ears and years that Yaakov worked for his wives?

Is there any connection or relationship between the seven fat & seven lean cows, the seven beautiful and seven parched ears of grain that Pharaoh dreamt and Yosef interpreted, and the seven years ...
5
votes
0answers
53 views

Ascending or descending order when mentioning units in a number?

I noticed an apparent conflict when the Torah uses units of a large number. It seems to occur with mentioning someone's age. Examples: Breishit 23:1 Sarah lived 100 years and 20 years and 7 years ...
6
votes
1answer
111 views

Calling up more people to the Torah to ensure seven Shabbat observers

R Avraham Yosef (the son of R Ovadia Yosef) recently said on his weekly radio program that, in his synagogue, he always call up 10 people on Shabbat to ensure that at least seven of them are Shabbat-...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

Different counts of the 248 organs - bones or soft tissues?

First read the related questions here (mitzvot-and-their-body-parts and here (613-organs). The Mishnah in Ohalot (1:8) states that there are 248 organs and lists all of them: "מָאתַיִם ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

What is the minimum number to comprise a band (גדוד)?

At the end of parsha 20 in Pesikta Rabbati, it refers to various bands (גדוד) of angels being shown to Moshe. Is there any minimum number as defined in Torah as to how many comprise a band?
8
votes
1answer
75 views

Inconsistent base-10 system of judges

In Devarim 1:15 (also Shemot 18:21) we see the numerical system of the hierarchical system of leaders: ואקח את־ראשי שבטיכם אנשים חכמים וידעים ואתן אתם ראשים עליכם שרי אלפים ושרי מאות ושרי חמשים ...
5
votes
2answers
92 views

The purpose of the detailed counting of Benei Yisrael in the Torah

We know that all letter in the Torah has a purpose. A lot of laws are learned from a little thing in the Torah, etc. What is the purpose of all the details in the counting of Benei Yisrael in ...
7
votes
2answers
238 views

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Bavli

I heard there is a style of Talmud study somewhere, where as a verse presents itself in the Talmud, the student would learn the entire chapter from תנ״ך. With that, were one to complete the entire ...
-2
votes
1answer
56 views

Shisha Va-shishim Ushlosh Meyot (366) - mi yodeya?

Who knows three hundred sixty six? ששה וששים ושלש מאות - מי יודע?‏ The traditional Passover song "Echad - mi yodeya" implies a possible presupposition that there is a Jewish significance to be found ...
8
votes
3answers
188 views

Avos vs. the Hagada on plague counts

My son asks: The Hagada mentions, toward the end of Magid, three opinions on how many plagues the Egyptians suffered in Egypt and on the Red Sea: R' Yose Haglili: 10 and 50 R' Eliezzer: 40 and 200 R'...
16
votes
1answer
260 views

Halachot that are dependent on population statistics

There appear to be several halachot that are based on "a majority of Israel". For example: Mishnah Berachot 54a: הרואה מקום שנעשו בו נסים לישראל אומר ברוך שעשה נסים לאבותינו במקום הזה IF ONE ...
2
votes
1answer
100 views

Shisha Veshishim Ushesh Meot (666) - mi yodeya?

Who knows six hundred sixty-six? Please cite/link your sources, if possible. At some point between twenty-four hours and a few days from now, I will: Vote up all interesting, relevant answers. ...
5
votes
1answer
79 views

Can the שנים שעשו recipe be doubled?

My kid asked: I understand that if two people complete a forbidden activity on Shabas by superfluously joining forces to do a task either could do alone, they don't get the punishment one of them ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

Reversal of the number of positive and negative precepts

The Gemara in Makkos 23b states: דרש רבי שמלאי שש מאות ושלש עשרה מצות נאמרו לו למשה שלש מאות וששים וחמש לאוין כמנין ימות החמה ומאתים וארבעים ושמונה עשה כנגד איבריו של אדם R. Simlai when ...
2
votes
5answers
144 views

Shisha Va-arba'im Ushlosh Meyot - mi yodeya?

Who knows three hundred forty six? ששה וארבעים ושלוש מאות - מי יודע?‏ The traditional Passover song "Echad - mi yodeya" implies a possible presupposition that there is a Jewish significance to ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Understanding G-d's unity [duplicate]

I recently learned according to the Torah ("Shema Isroel, Hashem is our God, Hashem is one"), that G-D is one and single. Please help me understand this unity.
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Why is this as it is (number of men twenty years old and over who were subject to military service, as censused in the Sinai Desert )? [duplicate]

It is written in Parashah 34: B’midbar (In the desert) 1:1–4:20: "20 The men twenty years old and over who were subject to military service were recorded by name, family and clan, starting with the ...
6
votes
2answers
611 views

How did numbers “look” in earliest known Torah/Tanach scriptures?

When I read the Bible in my domestic language, the numerals I found there, if written in numeral form, are Hindu-Arabic numerals 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9. But, I would like to know how did numbers look, ...
4
votes
2answers
132 views

Was Avrohom really born in 1948?

I have always been told that Avrohom Ovinu was born 1948 years after Odom was created. I recently thought I would add up the relevant figures in Sidra Bereisis and Sidra Noach to see what number I ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

How many people brought sacrifices to the tabernacle at the same time?

With over 600,000 male Israelites required to offer sacrifices at the Tabernacle, how many males came at one time? This seems to comprise an enormous logistical difficulty.
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Why in Hebrew masculine nouns agree with feminine numbers and vice verse? [closed]

Also in other semitic languages, see Why do feminine-looking numbers agree with masculine nouns and vice versa in Hebrew and Arabic?. As other languages seemingly stemmed from Biblical Hebrew (Loshon ...
3
votes
0answers
249 views

What is the significance of 770 for Chaba"d?

Wikipedia explains the significance of the number 770 for Chaba"d. What isn't clear is if the rebbe made this comment after the purchase of the home or if Agudat Anshei Chaba"d specifically sought (or ...
2
votes
2answers
545 views

How many descendants did Abraham give rise to?

In Genesis 22 there is a divine oath that seems to suggest that Abraham's descendants will be way more numerous than has yet been realize: Berean Study Bible Genesis 22: 16 and said, "By Myself I ...
4
votes
2answers
443 views

How does this list add up to 248 bones?

The Mishnah in Oholos 1:8 gives a list of 248 bones in the human body: 30 in the feet1 6 in each toe2 10 in the ankle3 2 in the shin3 5 in the knee3 1 in the thigh3 3 in the hip3 ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

What were the approximate ages of the heads of house(niseim) in parshat bamidbar. Above or below 60 years old

Having just read last weeks parsha bamidbar. I wanted to know approximately how old the heads of house (niseim) of Israel were when the jews were counted. Were they older than 60 and they were not ...
2
votes
0answers
22 views

Four countings of Klal Yisrael - HaShem doesn't want us to decrease

The Ohr HaChaim at the beginning of Bamidbar asks why HaShem waited a month before counting Klal Yisrael, and how Klal Yisrael could have gained 3,550 from Mitzraim (600,000) to the Eigel (603,550) in ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Why does 14 connect positive and negative commandments?

Seeing that there are 248 mitzvos aseh positive and 365 mitzvos lo taaseh negative, I heard someone note both add together to give 14: 3-6-5:14 and 2-4-8: 14. Is there a connection between that number ...
3
votes
4answers
150 views

Chamisha Va-arba'im Ushlosh Meyot - mi yodeya?

Who knows three hundred forty five? חמישה וארבעים ושלוש מאות - מי יודע?‏ The traditional Passover song "Echad - mi yodeya" implies a possible presupposition that there is a Jewish significance ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

How many righteous men are in each generation?

I have been reading questions about the lamed-vav, the 36 righteous people who exist in each generation. But Rashi, in Zecharia 11:12 cites the gemara in Chullin 92a which has an opinion that there ...
7
votes
2answers
162 views

Is it forbidden to count Jewish people without uttering any words?

Related: Am I allowed to count people? We are not allowed to count Jewish people. But one can count other objects to represent the people and one can also speak the words of a possuk where the ...
2
votes
2answers
285 views

What is the significance of the different windings on tzitzit's?

The Ashkenazic form of windings are 7, 8, 11 and 13. What is the significance for these numbers? The Sephardic form of windings are 10, 5, 6 and 5. What is the significance for these numbers?
2
votes
3answers
123 views

Arba'a Va-arba'im Ushlosh Meyot - mi yodeya?

Who knows three hundred forty four? ארבעה וארבעים ושלוש מאות - מי יודע?‏ The traditional Passover song "Echad - mi yodeya" implies a possible presupposition that there is a Jewish significance ...
4
votes
3answers
695 views

How many times should I make sure to dip when I toivel in the mikveh?

I've seen men who are toivel daily or on Erev Shabbos for "tosefes kedusha" have different minhagim for how often they toivel. Some people make sure to fully dip 3 times and some have some other ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

120yrs to 210yrs

I learned over Shabbos that Adam and Chava spent 120 years apart. Adam spilt seed during this time that created the klipot. The 210 years Bnei Israel spent in Egypt was necessary to elevate those ...
6
votes
4answers
111 views

Shelosha Va-arba'im Ushlosh Meyot - mi yodeya?

Who knows three hundred forty three? שלושה וארבעים ושלוש מאות - מי יודע?‏ The traditional Passover song "Echad - mi yodeya" implies a possible presupposition that there is a Jewish significance ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

Chashmona - The 25th stop

I have noticed in BaMidbor 33:29 that the 25th stop that the Bnei Yisroel made in the Midbor according to Sidra Mas'ei was called Chashmonah. Chanukah starts on the 25th Kislev and (besides other ...
5
votes
2answers
68 views

Shnayim Va-arba'im Ushlosh Meyot - mi yodeya?

Who knows three hundred forty two? שנים וארבעים ושלוש מאות - מי יודע?‏ The traditional Passover song "Echad - mi yodeya" implies a possible presupposition that there is a Jewish significance to ...