Questions tagged [number]

questions about numbers

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שישי or ששי - two yuds or one?

The Shas Vilna Hachadash for Yevamos writes שישי with two yuds at the top of each page for the sixth perek yet writes ששי with only one yud for the Meforshim commentating on the sixth perek in the ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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How did Aharon and his sons manage to handle the Mishkan service by themselves?

In later generations, there were hundreds and thousands of kohanim that could potentially assist with the very full schedule of managing the Mishkan/Mikdash on a day-to-day basis. However, in the ...
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6 votes
1 answer
143 views

Minimal number of kohanim working in the Mikdash

A couple of months ago, I heard someone say that in his opinion, when the Hellenist Kohen Gadol Jason created the Gymnasium which drew many kohanim (Maccabees 2:4:12-16), the kohanim made sure that ...
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2 votes
0 answers
55 views

Why not הקם לנו נסיכי שמונה?

The last four words of Maoz Tzur end with the words הקם לנו רועים שבעה. This is a clear reference to the verse (Micha 5:4): וַהֲקֵמֹנוּ עָלָיו שִׁבְעָה רֹעִים וּשְׁמֹנָה נְסִיכֵי אָדָם But as I was ...
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Which Talmudic chapter has the most Halachic references by number?

Modern printings of the Talmud include Ein Mishpat glosses at the top outside corner of each page (for the most part). Which chapter reaches the highest number? I think I'd like to delve into that ...
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1 vote
1 answer
228 views

Longest Mishna By Word Count

What is the longest individual Mishna? Not asking regarding the number of Mishnayos in a Masechta, rather by the word count of an individual Mishna (An example of a long Mishna is Eduyot 6:3, with 317 ...
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2 votes
1 answer
201 views

What are Rav Shlomo Zalman Auerbach's Three Threes?

I believe it was Rav SZA who wrote/said that there are three "threes" (3 things that people do having to do with "3") that are made up. Does anyone know where this is written and/...
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3 votes
0 answers
93 views

Explanation of number shifts in the Tanach

In many places in Tanach, the grammatical number (plural or singular) shifts. One famous example has to do with the rocks that Yaakov put under his head. When he woke, the "rock" is referred ...
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0 votes
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What were the names of the places to which Bney Yisrael backtracked in Bamidbar 33?

What were the names of the places to which Bney Yisrael backtracked in Bamidbar 33? In Numbers 33, the children of Israel journeyed from a total of 42 encampments. In the process, as pointed out in ...
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5 votes
2 answers
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Link between 613 mitzvot and 613 parts of the body?

The gemara in Makot 23b writes there are 613 ("taryag") mitzvot (commandments) and links this number to 365 days of the year and 248 limbs in a human body. Targum pseudo Yonatan (Bereishit 1:...
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-1 votes
1 answer
63 views

How is it possible that Numbers 33 talks about 48 camps instead of 42?

How is it possible that Numbers 33 talks about 48 camps instead of 42? To what peshat did these mefarshim source this enumeration? Some of these mefarshim conclude that instead of 42 locations, there ...
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1 vote
1 answer
59 views

Where in the TaNaCH, in its pshat reading, does it show that the 42 stops in Numbers 33 were divided as follows:

Where in the TaNaCH, in its pshat reading, does it show that the 42 stops in Numbers 33 were divided as follows: "Hence journeys 1 through 11 were in the first year following the Exodus, and ...
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  • 545
3 votes
4 answers
277 views

What do the rabbis of old say about the number 42, or the meanings thereof, when it appears in the various passages of the TaNaCH?

What do the rabbis of old say about the number 42, or the meanings thereof, when it appears in the various passages of the TaNaCH? My question is inspired from the forty two Locations in our Parashat ...
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  • 545
-2 votes
2 answers
86 views

The Tanakh books and the number 24 - what preceded what?

The Talmud evidently describes the existence of numerous extra-Biblical works (Apocrypha?). When the sages decided on the canon (Bava_Batra.14b?), was it decided on each book separately and the number ...
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4 votes
10 answers
1k views

Chamishit - mi yodeya?

Who knows a fifth? ?חמישית - מי יודע In the spirit of the song "Echad - mi yodeya", please post interesting and significant Jewish facts about the number 0.2. Lazy gematria may be worthy of ...
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  • 1,096
3 votes
6 answers
96 views

Asirit - mi yodeya?

Who knows a tenth? ?עשירית - מי יודע In the spirit of the song "Echad - mi yodeya", please post interesting and significant Jewish facts about the number 0.1. Lazy gematria may be worthy of ...
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  • 1,096
2 votes
1 answer
322 views

Why are Hebrew cardinal numbers switched to the other gender after the first two?

When counting in Hebrew, the first two cardinal numbers are in the correct gender, but all subsequent numbers seem to be in the opposite gender? For example: Feminine Numbers are: אַחַתֹ-שְתַּיִםֹ-...
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2 votes
14 answers
249 views

Revi'a - mi yodeya?

Who knows a quarter? ?רביע - מי יודע In the spirit of the song "Echad - mi yodeya", please post interesting and significant Jewish facts about the number 0.25. Lazy gematria may be worthy of ...
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  • 1,096
4 votes
13 answers
1k views

Shlish - mi yodeya?

Who knows a third? ?שליש - מי יודע In the spirit of the song "Echad - mi yodeya", please post interesting and significant Jewish facts about the number ⅓. Lazy gematria may be worthy of ...
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  • 1,096
8 votes
15 answers
1k views

Chatzi - mi yodeya?

Who knows a half? ?חצי - מי יודע In the spirit of the song "Echad - mi yodeya", please post interesting and significant Jewish facts about the number 0.5. Lazy gematria may be worthy of ...
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  • 1,096
7 votes
1 answer
309 views

Why are there different versions of what Chazon Ish says is the size of an Amah?

Different sources have different information regarding the size of an Amah (all measurements are attributed to Chazon Ish): Halachipedia - 24 in. / 60.96 cm Dafyomi.co.il - 22.72 in. / 57.72 cm Daat....
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0 votes
1 answer
104 views

Word count methods

I asked a question about the orthography of two words in the last chapter of the Shema, and I started to wonder, whether the presence of a maqaf mattered with respect to word count. And if you ...
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4 votes
1 answer
344 views

Why were Mabul rains for 40 days?

What is the reason that G-d brought rain during 40 days in the mabul; could G-d not do it a second?! Of course He could. So what's the explanation for this duration of 40 days?
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80 views

Hashem's Ontology and the Sefirot

My question is, Hashem ontologically speaking, His Being, is a singular, yichud in all respects. So does this conception stop at Ein Sof, or even before Ein Sof? And once the ohr proceeds forth from ...
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1 vote
0 answers
26 views

Forty and five, not five and forty

In Bereishis 18:28, when Hashem says that He will not destroy Sedom if there are 45 righteous people there, the number is spelled out "forty and five." However, most times a number between twenty and ...
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  • 3,304
-1 votes
2 answers
44 views

How to calculate the Hebrew character representing the verse number? [closed]

Here they have Hebrew letters on the sides marking each verse. It starts at the beginning of the alphabet and seems to work its way up. I can't find any information on it though. Searching around ...
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0 votes
0 answers
35 views

Holy days on the weekend [duplicate]

There are 13 holy days per year on which we must not work (outside of Israel): 2 Rosh Hashanah, 1 Yom Kippur, 4 Sukkot, 4 Pessah, 2 Shavuot. What are the minimum and maximum numbers of these days that ...
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1 vote
1 answer
114 views

How many times is the Amidah said in a year?

The Amidah is said three times a day during weekdays, four on Shabbat, and I believe a fifth time during Yom Kippur. Plus there are the repetitions of the Amidah that are said by the Chazen. For ...
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3 votes
0 answers
43 views

How many Cohanim and Levi'im worked in the Temple daily?

How many Cohanim and Levi'im worked in the Temple daily (excluding supporting professions, like preparing woods or oils) and how many of them stayed there for sleep?
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4 votes
0 answers
74 views

What is 1,530 a reference to?

In his commentary to Genesis 7:12, R. Isaiah of Trani (the Elder) writes: וכן במניין ישראל אלף וחמש מאות ושלשים ואי אפשר דבר זה שלא היה אחד מהם יתר או חסר אלא כן דרך המקראות לתפוש מניין שלם ואפי' חסר ...
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1 vote
3 answers
235 views

Has the number of the tribes of Israel anything to do with the universe/stars/planets?

Has the number of the tribes of Israel anything to do with the universe/stars/planets? Maybe the other way around? Is there anywhere in the Talmud or tradition that talks about this question (not ...
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3 votes
1 answer
57 views

Why does the Mishnah record the significance of the fifteen steps but not the twelve steps?

Middos 2:3 relates that there were twelve steps in the Cheil: וּשְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה מַעֲלוֹת הָיוּ שָׁם There were twelve steps there. Later, in Mishnah 5, the Mishnah relates that there are ...
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2 votes
2 answers
254 views

Population of Jews at exodus seems unrealistically large [duplicate]

I am a preacher. Today I was talking with some Jews who talked about the 2.5 -3.0 million people who witnessed the miracles of the exodus. But according to my knowledge, the population of Africa at ...
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5 votes
1 answer
157 views

Why do washing cups have two handles?

My question is closely related to this one. However, that question has an unsourced assumption. So, I'm asking my question, here, hoping that I can get a clearer answer. Most washing cups (for ...
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0 votes
2 answers
277 views

How many Mitzvos does the Mishnah cover?

How many (out of the 613 Deoraytah) Mitzvos are explicitly discussed in the 6 Sdarim of the Mishah (not including those that are only mentioned tangentially, like Kibud Av at the beginning of Peah)?
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2 votes
4 answers
1k views

Is there math in Torah?

I have watched a nice movie back in the day that deals with numbers. In one of the scenes. A Jewish man comes to The Mathematician and tells about how the Hebrew uses the same "letters" as letters ...
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1 vote
1 answer
217 views

The number 8 does not appear in the numbering of the tribes in Bamidbar except for the census of Kehos and the total of Leviim. Why not?

Is there any significance in the absence of the number 8 in the individual census of the 12 tribes taken in Chapter 1 of Bamidbar? Reuben: 46,500 Simeon: 59,300 Gad: 45,650 Judah: 74,600 ...
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3 votes
0 answers
59 views

When did the custom of giving charity in multiples of 18 begin? [duplicate]

People often give charity in multiples of 18. What is the earliest record of such donations?
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0 votes
2 answers
159 views

Bamidbar Census does not add up

Why does the census of Bamidbar 1.20-43 come to a sum of 603,550 when the total tribal count is 637,800? There is a difference between the total tribal count (637,800) and the pasuk (verse) in 1:46 ...
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4 votes
2 answers
137 views

Why do we count Sefirah cardinally rather than ordinally?

The Shulchan Aruch (OC 489:1) rules as follows: כיצד ביום הראשון אומר היום יום אחד (בעומר) עד שמגיע לשבעה ימים ואז יאמר היום שבעה ימים שהם שבוע אחד (בעומר) וביום שמיני אומר היום שמונה ימים שהם שבוע ...
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3 votes
3 answers
99 views

Why Eleven and Twelve in "Echad Mi Yodea" refer to the same thing?

In Echad Mi Yodea song both #11 and #12 refer to the tribes - without Yosef and with him. This is especially pronounced in the families that go through the full list on every line, like "the 3 ...
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8 votes
1 answer
148 views

Why is the beracha of Shehechiyanu phrased in the plural?

The Bracha of Shehechiyanu reads as follows: ברוך...שהחיינו וקיימנו והגיענו לזמן הזה ...that He kept us alive and sustained us and brought us to this time. Why is Shehechiyanu phrased in the ...
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2 votes
0 answers
124 views

Tools to validate Torah codes

Torah codes are "a purported set of secret messages encoded within the Hebrew text of the Torah" (Wikipedia). For instance, a well known code suggests that counting 3 intervals of 12111 letters from ...
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5 votes
6 answers
503 views

603,550 Jews at Sinai and 603,550 Jews Entering Promised Land?

Why in Exodus 38:26 does it say there were 603,550 men over age 20, and then in Numbers 1:46 the exact same number (603,550) is again listed? Didn’t all the Jews of the generation in Exodus all die ...
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1 vote
0 answers
21 views

Can Jews be counted if each person says his / her number?

This answer indicates that it is always forbidden to count Jews directly. However, can one count them if each person says his / her number? E.g. - when I was in camp, the counselor assigned us a ...
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  • 68.9k
2 votes
1 answer
54 views

When is it halachically prohibited to count Jews?

Half Shekalim were used to take a census of Jews in the desert. When counting Jews to form a minyan, people use a verse or some other method to count rather than using direct numbers. Under what ...
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3 votes
5 answers
398 views

Numbers of Exaggeration in Talmud

I remember seeing an early authoritative source (Rishonim, maybe a Tosfos?) that noted which numbers are always (technically not always) used by the Rabbis to indicate exaggeration in stories (60, 300,...
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3 votes
1 answer
149 views

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Yerushalmi

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Bavli asks: I heard there is a style of Talmud study somewhere, where as a verse presents itself in the Talmud, the student would learn the entire chapter from תנ״...
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0 votes
1 answer
489 views

Total number of Simanim In Shulchan Aruch

How many Simanim (Not Seifim) are there in all of Shulchan Aruch?
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  • 1,813
-1 votes
1 answer
45 views

Controversies in counting the 24 organs of freeing the slave

I've already asked a couple of questions on the counting of the 248 body organs, see the list. Lately, I asked some question on slavery and here's where those topics cross. The Gemmorah in Kiddushin ...
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