Questions tagged [posek-psak-decisor-ruling]

Questions about halachic deciders and their rulings.

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Learning to pasken modern Halacha questions

If somebody is interested, either looking to become a posek, or just interested in Halacha methodology in general, what is the best thing for them to learn if they want to understand how contemporary ...
Kirk's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
958 views

Story of a woman hitting a rabbi because husband said

BH I heard there was a story from the Talmud, correct me if I’m wrong, that a man told his wife to hit a rabbi on the head or something and she went hit him and after she hit him he asked: "My ...
David 's user avatar
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41 views

Does Ramban say anything about eating and nutrition?

BH Does Ramban say anything about nutrition and health? Heard he was a doctor, what to eat or not?
David 's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
162 views

Rabbi Chaim Kanievsky on Iphones

I was curious, Rabbi Chaim Kanievsky, I believe brought down a responsa saying that one is not allowed to own an iPhone without specific permission from certain Rabbinic authorities, and if you own ...
Kirk's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
1k views

What’s the source of not asking a question to a person that might not know the answer, so that they won't get embarrassed

BH Someone told me that you shouldn’t ask a question to someone who won't know the answer to what you're asking. What’s the source of this?
David 's user avatar
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0 votes
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What's the source of Gerut Lechumra and what is it

BH I heard there is a concept called Gerut Lechumra. What does this mean and what are the sources of this in Shulchan Aruch, Rambam and Gemara?
David 's user avatar
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0 votes
4 answers
168 views

Anonymous Shaila Lines [duplicate]

As in, a method of asking a halachic question to a qualified halachic expert Rabbi, anonymously. Is there a collection of verified, reputable "anonymous shaila lines", by country or city? If ...
Rabbi Kaii's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
159 views

Where should Halacha come from?

On the Wikipedia page for the Bach (Rabbi Yoel Sirkis), it mentions He was also critical of those who relied solely on the Shulchan Aruch for halachic decisions, rather than on the Talmud and the ...
lgshost's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
114 views

Do posekim have special honorific titles like Rabbis (HaRav) or Gaonim (HaGaon) do?

Many positions in Jewish life carry honorific titles with them. For instance, Rabbis are styled with HaRav before their name or Gaon (literally "genius") are styled with HaGaon. I'm curious ...
setszu's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
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I have researched into techelet and am entirely convinced its kosher, can i just start to wear it, or do i NEED to get an official psak [closed]

I have done a lot of research and i hold by ptil techelet is completely kasher, can I just buy it and start wearing it, or do i need an official psak?
David Levy's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
498 views

Asking a shaila - not looking for a psak

How does one phrase a request for a Rabbi's opinion on a halachic matter so as not to receive a psak? Are there multiple acceptable expressions?
ak0000's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
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What is the difference between these two phrases used by Poskim?

I have seen both Mekach U’Memchar and Masa U’Masan used by various Rabbis and Poskim to mean, what I think, is business or business dealings. Is there a difference between these two phrases in meaning?...
yisrael's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
188 views

What are the parameters of Meta Halachic principles?

In his book, The Narrow Halakhic Bridge Rabbi Ronen Neuwirth identifies a halachic category called meta-halacha (p. 249 and on) which he explains (I paraphrase) as principles a posek (decided of ...
rikitikitembo's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
89 views

Questions on Psak Halacha [duplicate]

If one is learning Halacha and comes across a machlokes between recent Poskim (post Mishna Berura eg is one allowed to make a tea in a Kli Shelishi) can one decide by himself to be meikel if the logic ...
Moz's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
106 views

Seforim/Books on Klalei Horo'oh

Can anyone recommend a good sefer explaining Klalei Horo'oh - how a Rov reaches a psak, being machria between different acharonim etc?
Moz's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
60 views

When are exceptions to rulings warranted?

The Gemara says: Rav Yehuda permitted applying blue eye shadow to the eye on Shabbat. Rav Shmuel bar Yehuda said: One who follows Yehuda desecrates Shabbat. Ultimately, Rav Shmuel bar Yehuda himself ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
5 votes
0 answers
95 views

Discarding halachic rules on Ketubot 60b

In Masechet Ketubot, 60b there is a discussion of how long a nursing woman has to wait before being remarried. There are 2 opinions: R. Meir says 24 months (or 21 months as the problem with the milk ...
rosends's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
110 views

When can you disregard a Jewish court's ruling?

Tractate Horayot discusses cases where rabbis and Jewish courts issue wrong rulings about Jewish observance, and what they must do to remedy. In particular, it rules: This is the principle: One who ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
73 views

Origin of mesora for halachos covered in Seder Zeraim

Other than Berachos, there is no gemara in Seder Zer'aim. Where then does our mesora for the halachos discussed in that seder come from? The rishonim do discuss them, but were did they get it from? ...
qwerty's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
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How do you decide who lives and who dies?

The Talmud [Bava Metzia 62a] teaches as follows. Two people are in a desert and only one of them has water. If both drink, both will die, but if only one drinks, he will survive and reach ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
124 views

Epidemics and public torah study

In the current pandemic, there seem to be diverse opinions, both of medical/government officials and of religious leaders regarding communal gatherings for religious services. For example, some shuls ...
Loewian's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
120 views

When the Mishna Berurah quotes the Vilna Gaon, is he paskening like him?

The Shulchan Aruch in 47/1 says One who thinks about words of Torah does not need to say the blessings [of the Torah]. Similarly, one may pasken without giving the reason The Mishna Berurah ...
gordon613's user avatar
  • 429
1 vote
1 answer
149 views

View of the Shu"t Min HaShamayim

The Shu"t Min Hashamayim was written by a Rishon who would receive answers in dreams from Heaven. Is there a difference in Torah views regarding how to weigh the halachic perspective of such a work? (...
NJM's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
188 views

Asking Am Haaretz and doing opposite

There is a Sm"a (I think) somewhere which talks about what to do in a situation when a chacham is not available to answer one's question - namely, to get advice from an Am Haaretz, and then do the ...
gordon613's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
241 views

Do halachic authorities actually believe in eilu v'eilu?

This answer https://judaism.stackexchange.com/a/93714/13680 states the following viewpoint [...] HKB"H does not care about the truth anymore, as long as they arrived at their conclusion sincerely ...
user9806's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
151 views

Case Study: Kashrut of Tapioca Starch

I have heard different answers from representatives of the cRc and the Star-K regarding the kashrut of un-certified tapioca starch. While both agree that it requires a hechsher for Pessach, the Star-K ...
Noach MiFrankfurt's user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
303 views

Rabbi's liability for giving a wrong psak

Companion question to Questioner's liability for receiving a wrong psak. Let's say that someone asks his Rav, for example, if a certain food is Kosher, and the Rav paskens that it is not, and ...
DonielF's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
91 views

Poskining like someone on their Yahrtzeit

I have heard in the name of Rav Yisroel Salanter that there is an inyan to poskin like a given posek on their Yahrtzeit, even if we would not poskin like them the rest of the year. Two questions: 1) ...
Silver's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
131 views

Asking a second rabbi for a ruling

Tosafot on Avodah Zarah 7a: [translation from here] It is forbidden to ask [a second rabbi for permission] only if one does not inform him [that a first rabbi was consulted and he forbade it]... ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
213 views

Is one obligated to listen to a Rav? [duplicate]

If I ask my rav for halachic advice, must I follow it or can I ask a different posek? Seperately, if I ask my rav for personal advice, must I listen?
shrel's user avatar
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3 votes
0 answers
59 views

Why Poskim don't work and write in groups?

At any given moment there are several leading (and hundreds of secondary) Rabbis and Poskim. Each one running his own Yeshivah, writing his books and issuing his own Psakim. I understood that the ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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1 vote
0 answers
29 views

Can an artificial intelligence serve as a judge and/or posek? [duplicate]

If the vast corpus of halachic material including information on how sources are weighed and how halacha has been decided through the ages was compiled and processed through an artificial intelligence ...
rikitikitembo's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
415 views

Why doesn't "Yatir Bechorot Yatir" semicha exist nowadays? (ie besides "Yoreh Yoreh" & "Yadin Yadin")

The gemara in Sanhedrin 5a teaches us about 3 different levels of semicha: “Yoreh Yoreh”- primarily in Yoreh Deah, but can also include Shabbos, Niddah etc- which allows the person to issue rulings ...
alicht's user avatar
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0 votes
1 answer
356 views

What's the path to becoming a Posek

What's the path to becoming a Jewish Orthodox Posek (like R' Yechiel Michel Epstein, a.k.a the Aruch Hashulchan). What Sefarim does one have to learn? What learning method is the most effective?
Moshe's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
61 views

What gives a rav authority to grant his own semichah?

I have heard many stories about people receiving private semichah from rabbanim, even into the 20th century, under such figures as the Chofetz Chaim, R' Moshe Feinstein, and R' Isser Zalman Meltzer; a ...
Noach MiFrankfurt's user avatar
8 votes
3 answers
322 views

Are there unresolved ‘tekus’ in the Talmud later resolved in responsum?

Often in the Talmud questions are asked which do not yield a result. These non-answers are called ‘teku’ (תיקו). Frequently, the questions which are left with teku are those which are far-fetched. ...
Dr. Shmuel's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
90 views

When two opinions differ how the Halachah is made? [closed]

Lets supose that in talmud sage A say that something is permitted and sage B say that something is not permitted, what opinion should we follow? Have seen some places that the difference is absurd, ...
eeerrrttt's user avatar
  • 625
6 votes
1 answer
325 views

Retroactive psak and conversions

B"H I constantly read about Orthodox conversions which are retroactively nullified by the Israeli Rabbanut, sometimes affecting multiple generations. I am not writing this question to express nor ...
SAH's user avatar
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8 votes
0 answers
78 views

Where can a gentile seek guidance? [duplicate]

Jews have rabbanim to provide them with guidance. What about gentiles? Where can they go to seek guidance when they are unsure of how to conduct themselves? While one could argue that the Noachide ...
ag415's user avatar
  • 395
0 votes
1 answer
942 views

Earning semichah with just a test

What if someone does know a lot of halachah and wanted to earn semichah and become a posek? Are there any good semichah programs which will award semichah with just a test (as opposed to a additional ...
Orion's user avatar
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0 votes
2 answers
308 views

Should an Ashkenazi learn Yalkut Yosef and Kaf HaChaim? [closed]

Should and Ashkenazi such as myself learn Yalkut Yosef and Kaf HaChaim, Sephardi halachic works, or should I not bother as the halacha wouldn't apply to me?
Avi's user avatar
  • 567
7 votes
1 answer
137 views

Situations where your own opinions define Jewish law

I am asking this question to evoke a list of situations in which one's personal feelings, intuitions, beliefs, and/or tastes have a role in creating the halacha. I can think of a few on my own. With ...
SAH's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
117 views

Questioner's liability for receiving a wrong psak

If someone asked a competent Rav a shaila, and the Rav was wrong, is the "questioner" liable? For example, if someone asked a Rav if one is permitted to water his plants on Shabbat and the Rav ...
user avatar
4 votes
2 answers
4k views

How to get an urgent answer if your local rabbi isn't reachable

I think many frum people have been in the situation of needing time-sensitive help with a halachic question, but not having access to their/any rabbi. What resources such as hotlines are available to ...
SAH's user avatar
  • 19.8k
6 votes
1 answer
270 views

What is the Halachic protocol for assessing an alleged Apikores?

Today, people cavalierly throw around accusations of Apikorsut to identify practically anyone who doesn't think the identical way as them. Throughout Jewish history, claims of Apikorsut have been ...
Chaim's user avatar
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7 votes
1 answer
812 views

Precut fruit is kosher but not lemon?

I'm confused by what I'm reading here: Fresh fruits and vegetables grown in chutz la’aretz are kosher whether bought whole or cut. Therefore, you may purchase a fresh fruit salad in any ...
SAH's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
544 views

Are there high level poskim who are easily accessible?

I often have Halachic questions that upon approaching local Orthodox rabbonim, I don't feel comfortable with their psak. I know enough to know that they don't have a complete grasp of halacha but I ...
Mark A.'s user avatar
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3 votes
3 answers
948 views

How authoritative is the Kitzur Shulchan Aruch?

The Kitzur Shulchan Aruch makes some clear statements that do not reflect the range of opinions. For example, Ch 53 #2, "...in the case of...vegetables, which are eaten after they are cooked, when the ...
Yehuda W's user avatar
  • 8,171
3 votes
1 answer
240 views

Is it lifnei iver if you enable someone to violate a strict interpretation?

Are there potential issues of m'sayea lidvar avera or lifnei iver if one enables, aids, or abets a violation of some machmirus? I don't mean a chumra or minhag, but a stricter position on some halacha ...
SAH's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
483 views

If you get a psak, then hear that it is wrong, what must you do?

If I get a personal psak from "my" rabbi, then hear something--let's say from a dayan who is advising me on a different, but related matter--to indicate that "my" rabbi's psak was somehow flawed, what ...
SAH's user avatar
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