Questions tagged [mishna]

The mishna which is part of the oral law, was written by the Tannaim in a short-form containing 6 volumes with 64 subvolumes.

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8
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3answers
337 views

Why is Kinim so long?

Mishnayos maseches Kinim can be reduced to a few rules. I think they're as follows (though it's been a while, so I may be messing some of these up). A bird ola is brought on the top of the mizbeach, ...
4
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1answer
190 views

What do the words בֶּאֱמֶת אָמְרוּ teach us in the Mishna?

Mishna Shabbat 1:3: לֹא יֵצֵא הַחַיָּט בְּמַחְטוֹ סָמוּךְ לַחֲשֵׁכָה, שֶׁמָּא יִשְׁכַּח וְיֵצֵא. וְלֹא הַלַּבְלָר בְּקֻלְמוֹסוֹ. וְלֹא יְפַלֶּה אֶת כֵּלָיו, וְלֹא יִקְרָא לְאוֹר הַנֵּר. בֶּאֱמֶת ...
2
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1answer
66 views

From where do we get the birthplace of R Nehunia Ben Hakana?

According to Aryeh Kaplan in his introduction to the Bahir, R Nehunia Ben Hakana is from Ammaus (Emmaus). This is also indicated on the Jewish Virtual Encyclopedia and Wikipedia. None of these sources ...
6
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1answer
130 views

Why do mishnayot teach historical halachot?

Why are there mishnayot which discuss halachot of situations that occured in history and can never occur again? As an example of this phenomenon, consider Nega'im 7:1: אֵלּוּ בֶהָרוֹת טְהוֹרוֹת. ...
5
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1answer
68 views

Siyum on mishnayos by my bar mitzvah [duplicate]

I have 10 months till my bar mitzvah and I have already finished Seder Zeraim, Seder Moed, Seder Nashim, Seder Nezikin and in Kadshim only Zevachim, Menachos Chulin and Kinim. How many mishnayos do I ...
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1answer
114 views

Do we force someone along the דרך מוציאתו מידי עבירה, according to R. Akiva?

Mishnayos Y'vamos chapter 15: האשה שהלכה היא ובעלה למדינת הים ובאה ואמרה מת בעלי, תינשא ותיטול כתובתה וצרתה אסורה. היתה בת ישראל לכהן, תאכל בתרומה, דברי רבי טרפון. רבי עקיבא אומר, אין זו דרך מוציאתה ...
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1answer
121 views

Contradiction between Mishnah and Tosefta?

Mishnah Keilim 11:4 says: קלוסטרא, טמאה ... רבי יהושע אומר, שומטה מפתח זה ותולה בחברו בשבת. רבי טרפון אומר, הרי היא לו ככל הכלים, ומטלטלת בחצר A door bolt is susceptible to impurity ... Rabbi Joshua ...
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1answer
99 views

What were the "pieces" of Moses' transmission of the Oral Law?

BT Eruvin 54b presents the method of Moses' Torah study: תנו רבנן: כיצד סדר משנה? משה למד מפי הגבורה. נכנס אהרן ושנה לו משה פירקו ... נכנסו בניו ושנה להן משה פירקן ... וכו' The Sages taught: What was ...
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1answer
145 views

Were any Mishnaic passages found in the Dead-sea scrolls?

As I can see, there were some Halachic/Legal passages found in the Dead-see scrolls. From the archeological and historical findings, I've understood that these sects kept Teffilin, Shabbes, Kashrus, ...
1
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1answer
72 views

Is anyone else mentioned in pairs within the Mishnah?

Apart from the five zugot (listed below), is anyone else mentioned in a pair within the Mishnah? Five zugot: Yossei the son of Yoezer of Tzreidah and Yossei the son of Yochanan of Jerusalem Joshua ...
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3answers
192 views

Why Hebrew wasn't the spoken language in the Gemara times?

Why was Hebrew NOT the spoken language of the Jewish people after the Mishna? And why was a scholarly text, which was created for individuals who also obviously understood Hebrew, written in Aramaic? ...
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2answers
381 views

How was the mishna actually transmitted orally

I've recently begun a project to memorize the mishna. The technique I am using is surprisingly effective. This came as a result of my feeling nostalgic for the days when the Oral Torah was truly oral. ...
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0answers
66 views

Is photosynthesis discussed in halacha?

There is a discussion in the talmud/halacha about if a plant grows between an upper floor and lower floor, who does the plant belong to. [I don't have the source, I only heard part of a class in ...
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1answer
123 views

Which Perek in mishnayos has the fewest words?

I'm looking for perokim of mishnayos that have the fewest words. (I've been able to find, via this helpful forum!, which perokim have the fewest mishnayos, but I'm looking for the perokim with the ...
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1answer
139 views

Historically, what is the difference between Mishna, Baraisa, and Tosefta [duplicate]

In terms of why they are not all one body of text, what is the difference between Mishna, Baraisa, and Tosefta?
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3answers
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Can one use terumah to light a stove?

In Pesachim 23a, the gemara (in the name of Rav Papa) derives from Numbers 18:27 that the prohibition of terumah to non-priests only applies to eating and drinking, but not to other forms of enjoyment....
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2answers
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Is the partially generated animal dead?

Chulin, chapter 9, mishna 6, is discussing the ritual impurity imparted by a dead sheretz (animal of any of certain types). Note that the impurity is imparted only by a dead animal. The mishna says (...
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2answers
156 views

A question on the Mishna, Negaim 11:7

In Negaim 11:5, the mishna lists one of the preconditions for burning a garment: if its green or red discolouration hasn't changed for two weeks. Two mishnayot later, in 11:7, Rabbi Eliezer is asked ...
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Were the Mishnah and/or the Talmud translated into Greek or Latin? [duplicate]

Were the Mishnah and/or the Talmud ever translated into Greek or Latin in ancient times as the Bible was?
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1answer
192 views

Does Talmudic-Era Hebrew or Aramaic Distinguish Between Teaching and Learning?

In English, teaching and learning are two distinct verbs, but this is not the case with (many) other languages, where the same word is used to express both concepts. Whilst pondering upon the ...
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1answer
265 views

Is there more than one text of the Mishnah?

I understand there is one Mishnah and two Talmuds (Bavli and Yerushalmi). But is the text of the Mishnah associated with each Talmud exactly the same? Rabbi Gil Student states that the famous quote ...
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1answer
121 views

R Eliyahu Guttmacher on the Mishnah

Does anyone know where I can read R Eliyahu Guttmacher's chiddushim on the Mishnah (specifically, Keilim)? Apparently published in the Romm Talmud edition, but I've not managed to identify this online....
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2answers
323 views

Can it be that some midrashic literature got lost over time?

Is it possible that some of the material of the old Jewish midrashim (on the different books of the Hebrew Bible) that was written and was available during the Pre-Talmudic era is no longer available?
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0answers
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How can tumah pass through a cupboard?

Ohalot 4:1 says that where there is a source of tumah beneath a cupboard, everything in the house is tamei. ArtScroll adds that the things in the cupboard remain tahor: “the tumah penetrates into the ...
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1answer
322 views

Aramaic in a baraisa

I always understood a major difference between a mishna/baraisa and the text of the gemarra is the former is in Rabbinic Hebrew and the latter is in Aramaic. The other day I chanced upon a gemarra in ...
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0answers
108 views

Difference between Sefaria and Artscroll in enumerating Pirkei Avos

There seems to be a difference in the splitting of a Perek in Pirkei Avos. On sefaria the perek I am referring to is Perek 3 where the Perek in Sefaria groups certain Mishnayos in that Perek together ...
4
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1answer
112 views

If Torah's exactness is crucial, why doesn't the Mishnah contain Halachot of writting a Kosher Torah scroll?

In my research of Torah inerrancy, and following my other question "why-there's-no-deoraytah-prohibition-of-altering-torah-scroll", I notice that the Mishnah does not mention any Halachot of ...
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2answers
105 views

Any pre 7th century Jewish source, teaches that non-Jewish prophets will never be sent again?

1- were the non-Jewish prophets sent to non-Jewish nations only, and not Jews ? if the answer is Yes Does it mean there is no way a non-Jewish prophet can ever be sent to the Jews? any textual basis ...
0
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1answer
38 views

Why Hillel and Shammai are called "the Elder"?

Both Hillel and Shammai are referred to by the Mishna as "the Elder". Age: according to WIKI, Hillel lived to 120, but Shammai only to 80. Also, other Tannayim lived longer than 80 (R' ...
2
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1answer
104 views

Ma'aseh Oreg on Mishnah Machshirin

Artscroll edition of Machshirin refers to something called Ma'aseh Oreg making a comment on mishnah 5:7. I can't find any work of this name on either Hebrewbooks, Otzar or Bar Ilan. Or indeed Google......
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1answer
80 views

Why the opening of Avot does not introduce the whole Mishnah?

“Moses received the Torah at Sinai and transmitted it to Joshua, Joshua to the elders, and the elders to the prophets, and the prophets to the Men of the Great Assembly. They said three things: Be ...
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Mishnah Pesachim 9:7 - Why does the registration of an inherited Paschal Lamb not automatically get assigned to a father's son?

Mishnah Pesachim 9:7 - Why does the registration of an inherited Paschal Lamb not automatically get assigned to a father's son? In the Mishnah Pesachim 9:7, we read : "With regard to one who ...
0
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1answer
112 views

When was the Mishnah penned?

According to this, the French Iggeret of Rav Sherira Gaon is considered more authentic. Based on this premise, the Mishnah was not written down by Rabbi Judah but continued to be transmitted orally. ...
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1answer
35 views

The destruction of the Second Temple in the Mishnah?

Is there any explicit mention of the destruction of the Second Temple within the Mishnah specifically? If so, examples of passages? If not, why wouldn't such a momentous occasion be discussed within ...
1
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1answer
274 views

Does this prove that the children of converts are not Israelites?

I was under the impression that even though a woman who had a real (halachic) conversion was not an Israelite, her children would be full fledged Israelites in every respect, indistinguishable in ...
3
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1answer
96 views

Yosef or Yose? Which is the correct name?

Why does Mishnah Chagigah 2 say "Yosef" in the translation, rather than "Yose"? Is this a mistake? For both Yose's, this word, "יוֹסֵי", is used. Why did the translator ...
5
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2answers
267 views

Siyum on Mishnayos by bar mitzva

I am 11 and half years old, and I would like to know how many mishayos a day I have to learn in order to finish the who shisha sidrei mishna by my bar mitzva?
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1answer
59 views

Are the names of the zugot disclosed to us in other masechtot?

Am I correct in saying that the identities of the zugot are only revealed to us within masechet Pirkei Avot? Or are the names of the zugot also disclosed to us in other masechtot of the Mishnah? If so,...
1
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1answer
52 views

Kila'ei Hakerem - why 16 amos radius?

Mishna Kila'im 5:5: הַנּוֹטֵעַ יָרָק בַּכֶּרֶם אוֹ מְקַיֵּם, הֲרֵי זֶה מְקַדֵּשׁ אַרְבָּעִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה גְפָנִים. אֵימָתַי, בִּזְמַן שֶׁהָיוּ נְטוּעוֹת עַל אַרְבַּע אַרְבַּע, אוֹ עַל חָמֵשׁ חָמֵשׁ. ...
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0answers
46 views

Is there a lookup table that links Mishnayos with Gemara page

For example, משנה עירובין פרק ט משנה ד is in תלמוד בבלי on דף צה עמוד א. Is there a comprehensive table that links all the (relevant) משניות to where they are in תלמוד בבלי?
3
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2answers
113 views

The chronology of the Mishnah

Was the Mishnah compiled in the order we find it today? If so, this would mean "Zeraim" was written first, and finally "Tohorot"? If the Mishnah wasn't compiled in the order we ...
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1answer
36 views

Mishna Megila 4:4 - how many pesukim can you read to a meturgeman?

The Mishna in Megila 4:4 say you can only read one Torah verse at a time to the translator, so he doesn't get confused. לֹא יִקְרָא לַמְּתֻרְגְּמָן יוֹתֵר מִפָּסוּק אֶחָד, וּבַנָּבִיא שְׁלֹשָׁה. ...
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0answers
50 views

Mishnayos that start with a question

Why do some mishnayos start with a question, whereas others just state the halacha straightaway? Examples of a few well-known mishnayos that start with a question: מאימתי קורין וכו, כיצד מברכין וכו, ...
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0answers
101 views

The Torah Transmission Date Discrepancies?

I'm curious to know the dates of birth and death of the following Torah transmitters, who appear in Pirkei Avot, since I've seen conflicting dates when doing some independent research: Shimon HaTzadik ...
7
votes
1answer
157 views

Which ancient cults would cut out the hearts of live animals and offer them as sacrifices?

Which ancient cults would cut out the hearts of live animals and offer them as sacrifices? The Mishnah (Avodah Zarah 2:3) mentions a concept called עורות לבובין which Maimonides and other commentators ...
5
votes
1answer
116 views

Which manuscript of the Mishna did the Bartenura check?

In Kelim 28:5, the Mishna comments upon the susceptibility to impurity of various objects whose primary usage has been changed. A canteen that is turned into a mat, or a mat that has been turned into ...
2
votes
5answers
170 views

Niqqud for שְׁיָרֵי in Zevachim mishnah

I am really no expert in Hebrew grammar and I know there are many variants of same word. In particular I think there is no tradition for the puntuaction of the Mishnah. However in my siddur (Panzieri,...
2
votes
2answers
246 views

How can a table be a sheni l'tum'ah?

Mishna Berachos 8:3 says: בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, מְקַנֵּחַ יָדָיו בַּמַּפָּה וּמַנִּיחָהּ עַל הַשֻּׁלְחָן. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, עַל הַכֶּסֶת:‏ Bet Shammai says: he wipes his hand with a towel ...
4
votes
2answers
126 views

Why are disputes in pairs?

The final paragraph of this answer: We do have the tools to derive from the Torah what those Halachos are (Moshe Rabeinu taught them to us), but these rules are very general in nature and therefore ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Introduction to Zeraim

I'm interested in learning the fundamentals of zeraim, and am looking for a good way to familiarize myself with the concepts. I've seen the Rambam's hakdama to the seder, but it's a little longer than ...

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