Questions tagged [mishna]

The mishna which is part of the oral law, was written by the Tannaim in a short-form containing 6 volumes with 64 subvolumes.

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35 views

Were the Mishnah and/or the Talmud translated into Greek or Latin? [duplicate]

Were the Mishnah and/or the Talmud ever translated into Greek or Latin in ancient times as the Bible was?
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Does Talmudic-Era Hebrew or Aramaic Distinguish Between Teaching and Learning?

In English, teaching and learning are two distinct verbs, but this is not the case with (many) other languages, where the same word is used to express both concepts. Whilst pondering upon the ...
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Is there more than one text of the Mishnah?

I understand there is one Mishnah and two Talmuds (Bavli and Yerushalmi). But is the text of the Mishnah associated with each Talmud exactly the same? Rabbi Gil Student states that the famous quote ...
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Can one use terumah to light a stove?

In Pesachim 23a, the gemara (in the name of Rav Papa) derives from Numbers 18:27 that the prohibition of terumah to non-priests only applies to eating and drinking, but not to other forms of enjoyment....
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R Eliyahu Guttmacher on the Mishnah

Does anyone know where I can read R Eliyahu Guttmacher's chiddushim on the Mishnah (specifically, Keilim)? Apparently published in the Romm Talmud edition, but I've not managed to identify this online....
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Can it be that some midrashic literature got lost over time?

Is it possible that some of the material of the old Jewish midrashim (on the different books of the Hebrew Bible) that was written and was available during the Pre-Talmudic era is no longer available?
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Why do mishnayot teach historical halachot?

Why are there mishnayot which discuss halachot of situations that occured in history and can never occur again? As an example of this phenomenon, consider Nega'im 7:1: אֵלּוּ בֶהָרוֹת טְהוֹרוֹת. ...
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How can tumah pass through a cupboard?

Ohalot 4:1 says that where there is a source of tumah beneath a cupboard, everything in the house is tamei. ArtScroll adds that the things in the cupboard remain tahor: “the tumah penetrates into the ...
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Aramaic in a baraisa

I always understood a major difference between a mishna/baraisa and the text of the gemarra is the former is in Rabbinic Hebrew and the latter is in Aramaic. The other day I chanced upon a gemarra in ...
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Do we force someone along the דרך מוציאתו מידי עבירה, according to R. Akiva?

Mishnayos Y'vamos chapter 15: האשה שהלכה היא ובעלה למדינת הים ובאה ואמרה מת בעלי, תינשא ותיטול כתובתה וצרתה אסורה. היתה בת ישראל לכהן, תאכל בתרומה, דברי רבי טרפון. רבי עקיבא אומר, אין זו דרך מוציאתה ...
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Contradiction between Mishnah and Tosefta?

Mishnah Keilim 11:4 says: קלוסטרא, טמאה ... רבי יהושע אומר, שומטה מפתח זה ותולה בחברו בשבת. רבי טרפון אומר, הרי היא לו ככל הכלים, ומטלטלת בחצר A door bolt is susceptible to impurity ... Rabbi Joshua ...
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Difference between Sefaria and Artscroll in enumerating Pirkei Avos

There seems to be a difference in the splitting of a Perek in Pirkei Avos. On sefaria the perek I am referring to is Perek 3 where the Perek in Sefaria groups certain Mishnayos in that Perek together ...
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If Torah's exactness is crucial, why doesn't the Mishnah contain Halachot of writting a Kosher Torah scroll?

In my research of Torah inerrancy, and following my other question "why-there's-no-deoraytah-prohibition-of-altering-torah-scroll", I notice that the Mishnah does not mention any Halachot of ...
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Is anyone else mentioned in pairs within the Mishnah?

Apart from the five zugot (listed below), is anyone else mentioned in a pair within the Mishnah? Five zugot: Yossei the son of Yoezer of Tzreidah and Yossei the son of Yochanan of Jerusalem Joshua ...
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Any pre 7th century Jewish source, teaches that non-Jewish prophets will never be sent again?

1- were the non-Jewish prophets sent to non-Jewish nations only, and not Jews ? if the answer is Yes Does it mean there is no way a non-Jewish prophet can ever be sent to the Jews? any textual basis ...
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Why Hillel and Shammai are called “the Elder”?

Both Hillel and Shammai are referred to by the Mishna as "the Elder". Age: according to WIKI, Hillel lived to 120, but Shammai only to 80. Also, other Tannayim lived longer than 80 (R' ...
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Ma'aseh Oreg on Mishnah Machshirin

Artscroll edition of Machshirin refers to something called Ma'aseh Oreg making a comment on mishnah 5:7. I can't find any work of this name on either Hebrewbooks, Otzar or Bar Ilan. Or indeed Google......
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Why the opening of Avot does not introduce the whole Mishnah?

“Moses received the Torah at Sinai and transmitted it to Joshua, Joshua to the elders, and the elders to the prophets, and the prophets to the Men of the Great Assembly. They said three things: Be ...
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Mishnah Pesachim 9:7 - Why does the registration of an inherited Paschal Lamb not automatically get assigned to a father's son?

Mishnah Pesachim 9:7 - Why does the registration of an inherited Paschal Lamb not automatically get assigned to a father's son? In the Mishnah Pesachim 9:7, we read : "With regard to one who ...
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When was the Mishnah penned?

According to this, the French Iggeret of Rav Sherira Gaon is considered more authentic. Based on this premise, the Mishnah was not written down by Rabbi Judah but continued to be transmitted orally. ...
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The destruction of the Second Temple in the Mishnah?

Is there any explicit mention of the destruction of the Second Temple within the Mishnah specifically? If so, examples of passages? If not, why wouldn't such a momentous occasion be discussed within ...
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Does this prove that the children of converts are not Israelites?

I was under the impression that even though a woman who had a real (halachic) conversion was not an Israelite, her children would be full fledged Israelites in every respect, indistinguishable in ...
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Yosef or Yose? Which is the correct name?

Why does Mishnah Chagigah 2 say "Yosef" in the translation, rather than "Yose"? Is this a mistake? For both Yose's, this word, "יוֹסֵי", is used. Why did the translator ...
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Siyum on Mishnayos by bar mitzva

I am 11 and half years old, and I would like to know how many mishayos a day I have to learn in order to finish the who shisha sidrei mishna by my bar mitzva?
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Are the names of the zugot disclosed to us in other masechtot?

Am I correct in saying that the identities of the zugot are only revealed to us within masechet Pirkei Avot? Or are the names of the zugot also disclosed to us in other masechtot of the Mishnah? If so,...
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Kila'ei Hakerem - why 16 amos radius?

Mishna Kila'im 5:5: הַנּוֹטֵעַ יָרָק בַּכֶּרֶם אוֹ מְקַיֵּם, הֲרֵי זֶה מְקַדֵּשׁ אַרְבָּעִים וַחֲמִשָּׁה גְפָנִים. אֵימָתַי, בִּזְמַן שֶׁהָיוּ נְטוּעוֹת עַל אַרְבַּע אַרְבַּע, אוֹ עַל חָמֵשׁ חָמֵשׁ. ...
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Is the partially generated animal dead?

Chulin, chapter 9, mishna 6, is discussing the ritual impurity imparted by a dead sheretz (animal of any of certain types). Note that the impurity is imparted only by a dead animal. The mishna says (...
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Is there a lookup table that links Mishnayos with Gemara page

For example, משנה עירובין פרק ט משנה ד is in תלמוד בבלי on דף צה עמוד א. Is there a comprehensive table that links all the (relevant) משניות to where they are in תלמוד בבלי?
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The chronology of the Mishnah

Was the Mishnah compiled in the order we find it today? If so, this would mean "Zeraim" was written first, and finally "Tohorot"? If the Mishnah wasn't compiled in the order we ...
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Mishna Megila 4:4 - how many pesukim can you read to a meturgeman?

The Mishna in Megila 4:4 say you can only read one Torah verse at a time to the translator, so he doesn't get confused. לֹא יִקְרָא לַמְּתֻרְגְּמָן יוֹתֵר מִפָּסוּק אֶחָד, וּבַנָּבִיא שְׁלֹשָׁה. ...
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Mishnayos that start with a question

Why do some mishnayos start with a question, whereas others just state the halacha straightaway? Examples of a few well-known mishnayos that start with a question: מאימתי קורין וכו, כיצד מברכין וכו, ...
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The Torah Transmission Date Discrepancies?

I'm curious to know the dates of birth and death of the following Torah transmitters, who appear in Pirkei Avot, since I've seen conflicting dates when doing some independent research: Shimon HaTzadik ...
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Which ancient cults would cut out the hearts of live animals and offer them as sacrifices?

Which ancient cults would cut out the hearts of live animals and offer them as sacrifices? The Mishnah (Avodah Zarah 2:3) mentions a concept called עורות לבובין which Maimonides and other commentators ...
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Which manuscript of the Mishna did the Bartenura check?

In Kelim 28:5, the Mishna comments upon the susceptibility to impurity of various objects whose primary usage has been changed. A canteen that is turned into a mat, or a mat that has been turned into ...
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Niqqud for שְׁיָרֵי in Zevachim mishnah

I am really no expert in Hebrew grammar and I know there are many variants of same word. In particular I think there is no tradition for the puntuaction of the Mishnah. However in my siddur (Panzieri,...
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How can a table be a sheni l'tum'ah?

Mishna Berachos 8:3 says: בֵּית שַׁמַּאי אוֹמְרִים, מְקַנֵּחַ יָדָיו בַּמַּפָּה וּמַנִּיחָהּ עַל הַשֻּׁלְחָן. וּבֵית הִלֵּל אוֹמְרִים, עַל הַכֶּסֶת:‏ Bet Shammai says: he wipes his hand with a towel ...
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Why are disputes in pairs?

The final paragraph of this answer: We do have the tools to derive from the Torah what those Halachos are (Moshe Rabeinu taught them to us), but these rules are very general in nature and therefore ...
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Introduction to Zeraim

I'm interested in learning the fundamentals of zeraim, and am looking for a good way to familiarize myself with the concepts. I've seen the Rambam's hakdama to the seder, but it's a little longer than ...
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What is the reason for non-linear structure in many mishnayot?

What is the reason that many mishnayot are structured in non-linear fashion, where the first case discusses Topic #1, the middle case discusses Topic #2, and the last case returns to Topic #1? One ...
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A little Yabam who made Yibum and died

See Mishna Yevamot 7.4. העובר, והיבם, והאירוסין, והחירש, ובן תשע שנים ויום אחד, פוסלין ולא מאכילין. ספק שהוא בן תשע שנים ויום אחד ספק שאינו, ספק הביא שתי שערות ספק לא הביא, נפל הבית עליו ועל בת ...
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Why is a difference between קדשי מזבח and קדשי בדק הבית listed among their similarities?

The Mishna, at the start of chapter 7 of T'mura, in my own, loose translation: Things that are sanctified [i.e., pledged, donated] for the altar have [rules] that do not apply to things that are ...
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What does this reference to Pirkei Avos mean in this letter of the Chazon Ish?

The Chazon Ish has a letter discussing shana rishona that is quoted in וידעת כי שלום אהלך by R Chayim Friedlander. In it,‎ the Chazon Ish encourages a husband in shana rishona to speak extensively to ...
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How can a solid pile of planks be considered an ohel?

Ohalot 15:1 says that a pile of garments, where the uppermost garment is at least a tefach off the ground, counts as an ohel. This is presumably because the uppermost garment is considered the 'roof' ...
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How do we understand the idea of something missing from the mishnah חסורי מיחסרא והכי קתני?

The gemoro often reconciles the argument of a mishnah with other evidence by saying חסורי מיחסרא והכי קתני - there is something missing from the mishnah and this is how you must learn it. See for ...
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Generally speaking, how should one interpret Mishnayos that go off-tangent?

To pose a few examples of the types of Mishnayos I'm speaking about: Pesachim 4:1-5 discusses various activities which depend on the local custom, most of which have nothing to do with Pesach Gittin ...
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Commentary of Rash Sirilio on Zeraim

Does anyone know where I can find the commentary of Rash Sirilio on Seder Zeraim?
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is there a list of the 93 vessels used in the temple daily?

The mishna in tamid 3:4 indicates there were 93 keilim used in the Beit HaMikdash daily. Is there a source which lists all 93?
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Difference between תא and לשכה

Middos 4:3 uses the term תאים to refer to the 38 chambers in the Beis HaMikdash. I was surprised to see this usage, as the term לשכה appears 29 times in Mishnayos, plus another 12 in the plural, ...
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Ezra's penalty against the levites and an incident in the mishna

According to several discussions in the Mishna, Ezra penalized the Levites who did not make Aliyah by giving the Maaser to the kohanim. But then there's an incident in the mishna (Maaser Sheini 5:9) ...
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bran in the bathhouse for use as a cleanser

In Mishna Pesahim (2:7) MISHNA: A woman may not soak coarse bran to bring by hand to the bathhouse for use as a cleanser; however, she may rub coarse bran on her dry skin. Where can we find ...

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