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In the times of the Gaonim, Yehudai Gaon and Pirqoi ben Baboi seem to have tried to convince Israel to follow the Babylonian Talmud in the wake of earliest codified halachic works.

What other influence was present to move Israel (who presumably were following the Jerusalem/Yerushalmi Talmud at the time) to accept the Babylonian/Bavli Talmud? And how did they respond to this push?

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    Dying out played a large role. There was an active Israeli tradition until they were essentially destroyed (by the crusades?).
    – magicker72
    Mar 10, 2023 at 22:07
  • Your assumption is not true. The Babylonian academies were the preeminent religious authorities after Byzantine persecution destroyed the Jerusalem academies, so naturally they were followed.
    – N.T.
    Mar 10, 2023 at 23:46
  • @N.T. Which assumption? The letter of Pirqoi ben Baboi seems to be well known, and clearly Jews in Israel were not following the Babylonian tradition - hence the letter.
    – Elie
    Mar 11, 2023 at 23:58
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    ואינן חייבין לשמור כ"א יום אחד בין בר"ה בין בשאר ימים טובים וכן נהגו לעשות בא"י כל הדורות שהיו לפנינו עד עתה חדשים מקרוב באו לשם מחכמי פרובינציאה והנהיגום לעשות שני ימים טובים בר"ה על פי הלכות הרי"ף ז"ל sefaria.org.il/HaMaor_HaKatan_on_Beitzah.2b.3?lang=bi
    – Joel K
    Mar 12, 2023 at 13:09
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    It's not directly answering your question, which is why it's only a comment. Just pointing out that there seem to have been Provencal scholars who came to Israel in the 11th or 12th centuries and prevailed on them to change their practice, from originally keeping only one day RH to keeping two. (That Israelis should keep 2 days RH is a Babylonian position (although not explicit in the Talmud Bavli itself) - R Hai Gaon is quoted in this same piece of Ba'al HaMaor as ruling this way.)
    – Joel K
    Mar 12, 2023 at 13:37

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