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Questions pertaining to the Hebrew language, as related to Judaism. See the help center: http://judaism.stackexchange.com/help/on-topic

2
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1answer
36 views

Difference in languages , מפני, בפני, לפני and מלפני?

The use of letters ב,כ,ל,מ is pretty standard with verb infinitives in Hebrew, for example, לראות אותו, בראותו, מראותו, כראותו. What is the difference in using בכל"מ with the word פני? For example ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

The meaning of ירך

I’m unclear as to the meaning of the word ירך that appears in Vayishlach, in 32:25. What’s the precise meaning of ירך often translated as hip, thigh, loin, gird etc. Which body part, bone or muscle is ...
-1
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0answers
26 views

Does החזק refer to a dagesh chazak in the Shulchan Aruch Siman 61:23 and Mishneh Torah Krias Shema Chapter 2?

I want to know if the Shulchan Aruch and Mishneh Torah are referring to a letter with a "dagesh chazak" which must be germinated or a elongated consonant when it writes "החזק" or it it referring to a "...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

What is the minimum number to comprise a band (גדוד)?

At the end of parsha 20 in Pesikta Rabbati, it refers to various bands (גדוד) of angels being shown to Moshe. Is there any minimum number as defined in Torah as to how many comprise a band?
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0answers
49 views

A list of doubled words

In the tanach, there are times when certain words are doubled (generally verbs but I'm open to other combinations) with one form of the word, followed by a second form which is in a future tense, I ...
0
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2answers
39 views

Hebrew phrase/term and pronunciation for “the Lord is my high ridge” from Psalm 18.2

I would really appreciate to know the original Hebrew phrase/term and its pronunciation for "the Lord is my high ridge" from Psalm 18.2
2
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1answer
46 views

List of places where Elokim is written as tetragrammaton

Can someone point me to a list of all places in Tanach where the tetragrammaton is pronounced as "Elokim" (as in, e.g., Yechezkel 28:25)? For some reason, my concordance does not list these under ...
1
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0answers
55 views

How do the Israeli Ultra-Yeshivish and Briskers pronounce resh and cholam when they daven and during Torah readings?

I just want to get confirmation if both groups pronounce resh as a velar fricative, uvular fricative, or uvular trill. Also if they pronounce cholam as "oi" for all Hebrew words when they daven and ...
1
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0answers
28 views

Hebrew names and English names [closed]

I have just visited my great grandfather's grave and discovered his Hebrew name was Yehuda Leib, yet in England he was known as Louis Goodman. Is there a connection between the names? He moved to ...
0
votes
1answer
84 views

Where is the root A-D-N (Alef-Dalet-Nun) used as a verb?

Where can one read where the verb A-D-N (Alef-Dalet-Nun) is used? (My understanding is that Hebrew nouns come from Hebrew verbs. I am just curious to read the verb uses of the root word of "ADoN". ...
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0answers
35 views

Asking about final letters [closed]

Is there a specific reason that when letters such as mem & nun are written at the end of a sentence they are written differently?
4
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2answers
219 views

What ancient prayer contains the term “Osem” (אֹסֶם)?

This site claims that Osem (אֹסֶם) is a term taken from an ancient Jewish prayer. What prayer would that be? Anectodote: I had assumed it was a Hebrew transcription of the English word awesome due to ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Did the Masoretes add the yud symbols?

My unfamiliarity with the history of the Hebrew language has created some confusion for me. I believe that that it was the Masorete editors who had added some of the vowel points and vowel markings ...
4
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0answers
33 views

Whence “בחזקת בשרי”?

Besides the main categories of meat, dairy, and pareve (non-meat, non-dairy) foods, two special subcategories of pareve foods are relevant to halacha (e.g. Yore Dea 93): pareve food cooked using clean ...
1
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0answers
47 views

Rashi, Tosfot - Dialects

Is there a name for the dialect of Hebrew/Aramaic that Rashi and Tosfot use? Have there been any articles and/or books published on how to systematically approach Rashi and the Baalei Tosfot's ...
6
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1answer
70 views

BeH, BSD, iyH - source?

Many have the practice both in speech and in writing to mention Gd or heavenly help with the use of the expressions be’ezrat hashem, im yirtzeh hashem or biseyata dishmaya. What is the source for ...
2
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1answer
62 views

הם (heym) vs. המה (heyma)

Why does the Torah use the word המה - HEYMA - in these 19 psukim (20 times) instead of the more common and simple form הם - HEYM ? בראשית ו ד בראשית ז יד בראשית מב לה בראשית מד ג שמות יט יג שמות ...
6
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1answer
80 views

הָהֵ֔ם and הָאֵ֑לֶּה difference

I am an English speaking non-Jew but am studying the Hebrew Scriptures and need help in Hebrew language for my studies. It is quite a simple question but it will help me very much. What is the ...
1
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0answers
38 views

Hebrew word “return” in Zechariah

Forgive me, I don't know any Hebrew, nor am I technical enough to write the actual Hebrew letters in this post. In Zechariah 1:16 and 8:3 God says (as translated in English) "I am returned to ...
-1
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1answer
28 views

why does the torah specify behema, shor , tzon in korbonos. what is behemah?

what is the meaning of behemah when the torah says leviticus 1:2 adam ki yakriv behemah . 1 And the LORD called unto Moses, and spoke unto him out of the tent of meeting, saying: ב דַּבֵּר אֶל-...
3
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1answer
129 views

Hebrew/Aramaic names with Nekudot for Mishna Tractates

What are the names of the Mishna Tractates and Seders in Hebrew/Aramaic with Nekudot? When I come across Tractate and Seder names (eg. מועד, גיטין, אבות, etc) they never have Nikkud. Are the names ...
3
votes
1answer
107 views

LXX transliteration of יהושע

I've been comparing the Masoretic text and the LXX and was hoping someone on here can answer the question I've been trying to find the answer to. Can someone please break down how the translators got ...
5
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1answer
411 views

Is the letter Aleph (א) also a word that means “to teach, inculcate”?

This Aish article about the meaning of the word "Adam" states the following: The letter aleph is also a word which means to teach or inculcate. It similarly indicates leadership, as implied by ...
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0answers
150 views

Is it true that Yerushalmi Briskers pronounce Ayin as a velar nasal when they daven?

I read a post in a forum say that Briskers, apart from following the conventional Yeshivish pronunciation of Hebrew including oy for cholam, pronounce Ayin as a velar nasal. I just want to get this ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Source and etymology of כפירה kefirah ‘heresy’

Can someone inform me of where the word כפירה meaning ‘heresy’ was first used? Mishnah? Talmud? Word is not found in Tanach, apparently. How is it distinguished from other triliteral roots meaning ...
2
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0answers
54 views

Usage of final nun with kamatz

Frequently, in Tanac"h, the 3rd person female plural uses an end nun with a kamatz ןָ rather than nun-heh נָה. Is there any reasoning of preference of one usage vs. the other?
3
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0answers
53 views

Why does Echad mi Yodeia switch languages in middle?

Why does echad mi yodeia switch from hebrew (eg. אֶחָד מִי יוֹדֵעַ? אֶחָד אֲנִי יוֹדֵעַ: אֶחָד אֱלֹהֵינוּ שֶׁבַּשָּׁמַיִם וּבָאָרֶץ.) to arameic (eg. שִׁבְעָה יְמֵי שַׁבָּתָא), back to hebrew (eg. ...
2
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0answers
89 views

What is the origin of the Rashi script?

I believe the script which is called "Rashi script" was invented to avoid using the normal Hebrew alphabet for things which weren't strictly Torah. Is this true? If so - why are only TWO letters ...
7
votes
3answers
460 views

Moses' Hebrew name was given to him in Egyptian?

In שְׁמוֹת it says: וַתֹּ֧אמֶר לָ֣הּ בַּת ־ פַּרְעֹ֗ה הֵילִ֜יכִי אֶת ־ הַיֶּ֤לֶד הַזֶּה֙ וְהֵינִקִ֣הוּ לִ֔י וַאֲנִ֖י אֶתֵּ֣ן אֶת ־ שְׂכָרֵ֑ךְ וַתִּקַּ֧ח הָאִשָּׁ֛ה הַיֶּ֖לֶד וַתְּנִיקֵֽהוּ ׃ ...
4
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1answer
66 views

Difference between מלכו and מלכותו

I was wondering what the difference in meaning (and thus, in the interpretation of Pesukim in the Megillah, as well as various Pesukim in Tanach) between למלכו and למלכותו, specifically according to ...
6
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1answer
153 views

Why do older Anglo Ashkenaz texts transliterate ת as “th” and how was it pronounced?

Many older (19th and 20th century) Anglo Ashkenaz seforim translate ת (without a dagesh) as "th" - resulting in transliterations like "Sukkoth", "haftaroth", "mishnayoth" - when the general Ashkenazi ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

A heap of people and ingathering of food

Is there any connection between the word אסף (to gather, collect) and אסם (literally a barn or storehouse but could be from an unised root meaning to heap up). I wondered because there is a feast in ...
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0answers
31 views

in what ways are the songs of ascent characterized by epigrammaticism?

According to Wikipedia, the Songs of Ascent are "characterized by brevity, by a key-word, by epanaphora [i.e., repetition], and by their epigrammatic style.... " Epigrams are defined as "brief, ...
4
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1answer
476 views

Is there a standard for writing Hebrew words in English letters [closed]

Is there a standard for writing Hebrew words in English letters in the context of religious texts? I see a different way to write the same word or distinction between "כ" and "ק" or "כ" and "ח" and ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Why the use of וישב in Lech Lecha to describe Abram driving away vultures?

Lech Lecha 15:11 וַיֵּ֥רֶד הָעַ֖יִט עַל־הַפְּגָרִ֑ים וַיַּשֵּׁ֥ב אֹתָ֖ם אַבְרָֽם according to biblehub.com yashav is to remain, to dwell, to sit. How then is this verb translated ? Thankyou
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0answers
21 views

“And I will bless those who bless you, and the one who curses you I will curse…” [duplicate]

"And I will bless those who bless you, and the one who curses you I will curse..." (translation from chabad.org) וַֽאֲבָֽרְכָה֙ מְבָ֣רֲכֶ֔יךָ וּמְקַלֶּלְךָ֖ אָאֹ֑ר In this פָּסוּק the word for bless ...
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1answer
78 views

Grammatical determination of Zochreinu (as in זָכְרֵנוּ לְחַיִּים)

Can someone please help me determine the form of the word זָכְרֵנוּ as it appears in the Amida in the Ten Days of Repentance. Looking at the translation I was guessing it to be the imperative plural ...
0
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1answer
98 views

Tsere Pronunciation [closed]

I recently refreshed my Hebrew reading and started studying Biblical Hebrew in order to enhance my davening, and study of Torah and Jewish music. It is within this context that I asked the below ...
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0answers
17 views

Is the phrase “Coming of days” reserved for specific people?

I searched the phrase באים בימים (and related grammatical instances, such as בא בימים, etc.). It seems to occur regarding only these people: Avraham and Sarah - Breishit 18:11 Avraham alone - ...
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0answers
39 views

What is the reciprocal term for “sandak”? [closed]

What is the reciprocal term for "sandak", if there is one? That is, if I am a baby's sandak, he is my _____?
2
votes
1answer
135 views

Is the word 'Yahweh' (יהוה) ever uttered in jewish worship

I know very well that the word Yahweh (יהוה) is considered so holy by orthodox Jews that they do not dare to utter it. Even in Torah, they substitute it with either Adonai (יְהֹוָה), Hashem (השם) or ...
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0answers
42 views

Why in Hebrew masculine nouns agree with feminine numbers and vice verse? [closed]

Also in other semitic languages, see Why do feminine-looking numbers agree with masculine nouns and vice versa in Hebrew and Arabic?. As other languages seemingly stemmed from Biblical Hebrew (Loshon ...
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0answers
79 views

How come Torah does not have a distinctive word for “wife”?

[Edited] In Bereshit, Torah says the woman will be called Isha, that comes from Ish and is parallel to Ish. Later, Torah says Adam gave to אשתו a new name Chava. Now אשתו appears (out of nowhere) as "...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

Is there a redundancy in the 1st blessing of Shacharit Shema?

The first blessing of the Shacharit Shema begins: ... יוצר אור ובורא חשך עושה שלום ובורא את הכל Loose translation: "He fashions light and creates darkness. He makes peace and creates ...
4
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3answers
71 views

Explain the beginning words of the 1st blessing before Shacharit Shema

The first blessing before the Shacahrit Shema has the words יוצר אור ובורא חשך My understanding is that the two words יוצר and בורא are synonymous meaning "create". However, I gather that there is ...
-2
votes
1answer
63 views

How do the Rabbis rationalize Hebrew as being a divine language given from Hashem when we also believe Aramaic to be a sister language?

This is one of those issues that has always bugged me. Hebrew and Aramaic are both languages found within the Torah/Tanakh. If Hebrew is a divine language and given to us from Hashem as his word, why ...
0
votes
2answers
241 views

Genesis 4:7 Timshol-bo

The verse of Genesis 4:7 ends with the words תמשל-בו (timshol-bo), and is often translated as 'you shall rule over it'. But the prefix Bet often means 'in', 'with', 'at' or 'on'. Maybe there some ...
10
votes
3answers
250 views

Why the Sanhedrin has a greek name?

This bothers me since a long time. The biggest Jewish halachic authority, arguably, the peak of the Torah world which can be ever imagined, which has its most basic definitions in the Chumash (70 ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

Is the shiur called a “k'beiah” or a “k'beitzah”?

Is the shiur the size of an egg properly called a k'beitzah ("כביצה") or a "kebeyah" ("כביעה" maybe)? If "כביצה" is correct, as I think it is, then why do people sometimes say "כביעה"?
2
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0answers
30 views

What is the significance of ובערת הרע מקרבך and ובערת הרע מישראל?

On seven occasions, Moshe tells the Bnei Yisrael to kill a sinner and “destroy the evil from your midst” - ובערת הרע מקרבך. These seven occasions are (all sources are in Devarim): Executing a Navi ...