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Questions pertaining to the Hebrew language, as related to Judaism. See the help center: http://judaism.stackexchange.com/help/on-topic

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How can we understand the timeline of the Tower of Babel?

I'm not finding a coherent explanation of the ENTIRE timing issue of the Tower of Babel. That I'm seeing the issue talked about so little baffles me, as the basic math from a plain reading doesn't ...
Jodi W's user avatar
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How לִקַּטְתְ should be read

When reading Meghilath Ruth, How should I read the word לִקַּטְתְ in 2:19? Should I awkwardly pronounce the ט separately from the תּ, or should I start with ט and release the sound as תּ? Or maybe ...
QwertyCTRL.'s user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
28 views

Body part associations with letters

I was curious, since I meditate by first focusing on each of my body parts to help calm myself, if there is designated corresponding letters for each part. I figured this would further deepen my ...
Kadmonkvetch's user avatar
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69 views

Proof that Beged Kefet developed independently of Aramaic influence [closed]

https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biblical_Hebrew#Phonology https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aramaic#Phonology https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenician_language#Phonology Beged Kefet spirantization is ...
Inconspicuous's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
47 views

Pronunciation of Vav prefix in Talmud Bavli

In Tanakh, according to our mesorah from the Tiberian Masorites, a וְ prefix before a Shva or a bilabial letter is pronounced as וּ [wu]. However, the Babylonian Masorites had these cases as וִ [wi], ...
QwertyCTRL.'s user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
148 views

How could the words עשב בשדך run together?

Shulchan Aruch Orach Chaim 61:20 states: One should put a gap between a word whose beginning [letter] is like the end [letter] of its predecessor, for example: "b'chol l'vav'kha", "al ...
Josh Friedlander's user avatar
2 votes
0 answers
32 views

What’s the difference between “לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר” and “מִזְמוֹר לְדָוִד” in Tehilim?

Tehilim 110 for example begins with “l’David mizmor”, while 108 starts with “mizmor l’David”. Is there a difference in meaning? Does one denote authorship and the other does not?
Avi Avraham's user avatar
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1 answer
53 views

What is function of בו?

A grammar question הן עבדי אתמך בו בחירי רצתה נפשי נתתי רוחי עליו משפט לגוים יוציא Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall ...
Ayva's user avatar
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2 answers
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What does the superscription עַל־מוּת לַבֵּן in Tehilim 9 mean?

Tehilim 9 begins like so: לַמְנַצֵּחַ עַל־מוּת לַבֵּן מִזְמוֹר לְדָוִד׃ It contains the unfamiliar words עַל־מוּת לַבֵּן in the opening. What does this phrase mean?
Avi Avraham's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
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Question on distinguishing similar words: שׂכל ,בין ,חכם ,ידע

How does one distinguish between שׂכל, בין, חכם, ידע? And their respective nouns: שֶׂכֶל, בִּינָה, חָכְמָה, מַדָע, דַּעַת When comparing the lexicons Dictionary of Classical Hebrew and HALOT I see ...
Phillip's user avatar
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3 votes
2 answers
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What is the "language of Canaan" in Yeshayahu 19:18?

Isaiah 19:18 says בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֡וּא יִהְיוּ֩ חָמֵ֨שׁ עָרִ֜ים בְּאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֗יִם מְדַבְּרוֹת֙ שְׂפַ֣ת כְּנַ֔עַן What is שְׂפַ֣ת כְּנַ֔עַן in this context? Why does Yeshayahu identify the language ...
Avi Avraham's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
145 views

How would rabbinic law be derived from a Sefer Torah written in another language?

Much of rabbinic law derives from the hebrew Torah's unique spelling (eg plene vs deficient) and wording (eg "את" to include) etc. Rashbam writes that he will explain the Torah literally as ...
Nahum's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
124 views

What’s up with the translations of Genesis 49:22?

In Genesis 49 when Jacob blesses his sons the blessing he gives to Joseph is usually rendered (in most translations) as something similar to: “Joseph is a fruitful vine, a fruitful vine near a spring, ...
Danilo's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
19 views

Shiurim with transcription

Occasionally, I encountered difficulties comprehending the intricate nuances of certain accents, resulting in the partial loss of content. As of late, I have been perusing episodes presented by Rabbi ...
Mello's user avatar
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Yemeni manuscripts about the Hebrew expression - in Mishneh Torah Hilchot Avodah Zarah 9:4 - translated as "idolaters"

I am an Italian Noahide. in Mishneh Torah Hilchot-Avodah Zarah 9:4-, Rambam states that Christians are idolaters. Now, in various editions of the work, including the one available on the Chabad ...
Amos74's user avatar
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-1 votes
1 answer
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In Genesis 22:14, which is more accurate Jehova Jireh or Adonai Yireh? Are they the same or different? Is it “God will provide”, or “God will be seen

Genesis 22:14, Abraham calls the place Jehova Jireh, which I always understood as “God will provide”. But is it really “Adonai Yireh which your site has “On God's mountain he will be seen”. Which is ...
gregpech's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
376 views

Was ancient Hebrew (Lashon Hakodesh) a language humans conversed in?

Was there a time in Jewish history when Hebrew (Lashon Hakodesh) was spoken? Was it only spoken by the ancient Hebrews and not the surrounding nations? If so how would said nations refer to their &...
Truth seeker 's user avatar
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0 answers
35 views

R. Shlomo Klonitsky-Kline's dictionary of synonyms and homonyms

According to the Hebrew Wikipedia article on R. Shlomo Klonitsky-Kline it is said that he composed a dictionary of Hebrew synonyms and homonyms titled מלון דקדוקי (CMIIW, all of them related to Torah ...
Renato S. Grun's user avatar
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0 answers
119 views

If we know for certain that certain types of Hebrew pronunciation aren't correct to the biblical standard, why still use them? [duplicate]

This question may be controversial but it isn't meant as an insult to any specific community. In fact, it kind of targets everyone if the hypothesis is correct. It speaks to the reality of the exile ...
Michael's user avatar
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3 votes
1 answer
121 views

Online Hebrew Lexicon for learning Tanakh

Shalom, it is my goal to significantly improve my Hebrew this year. It was recommended to me that an online Hebrew Lexicon, which allows you to analyze each word of Tanakh, including grammar, ...
Aryeh Shmuel's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
87 views

Is there an online source for clipped verb forms?

It is wonderful to have pealim.com to look up verb forms, but as far as I know, it does not include clipped forms. Is there any online source that allows looking up clipped forms, or at least a site ...
rivkah's user avatar
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2 votes
0 answers
77 views

Yaakov's thigh and the side of the altar

When Yaakov wrestled with the angel (Bereishis 32:25-26), the angel was losing the fight, and touched the hipsocket of Yaakov, making it go out of the socket. The word for hip/thigh used here is ...
Shmuel's user avatar
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1 vote
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Chanukah greetings proper form

why is the greeting for Hanukah חג אורים שמח "chag urim samach" And not חג אורות?
rivkah's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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How does a Jewish community recognize a Jewish person they hadn't seen ever before?

Let's say there is a Jewish community where everybody knows each other, for example in a city. Let's say a new Jewish person arrives and manifests their will to get integrated with them. Nobody knows ...
Gasconheart's user avatar
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1 answer
102 views

What is the term for esoteric exegesis (of the Jewish texts) in Hebrew?

Is there like a nice one-word term to use when describing any estoeric reading/exegesis of any Jewish text, but specifically the Tanakh and the Oral Torah? I think that there should be at least some ...
setszu's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
190 views

What’s the meaning of the abbreviation (ז"פ)?

What’s the meaning the abbreviation (ז"פ)? Example as found in Sefer HaGoralot by Rabbi Chaim Vital: “ וזאת היא התפלה שצריך להתפלל קודם שישליך הגורל: אנא בכח גדולת ימינך תתיר צרורה ז"פ.” ...
Jardel Silva's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
98 views

What did Abraham call himself in his language?

Curious to know what did Prophet Abraham call himself from a religious perspective in the language he spoke. Did he call himself "jew" or "yahood"?
knowit's user avatar
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4 votes
2 answers
149 views

Translating Genesis 1:1 "בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית" to "in the beginning"

Apologies if this is a stupid question (or belongs in a different group). Since I'm not Jewish & only beginning to learn Hebrew I lack the background to pose an intelligent question. English uses ...
StevePoling's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
71 views

Why does there appear to be a ן (final nun) in the middle of a word (שןיתי), is it a typo or what?

I am working from a scanned document. There are vavs, nuns, and final nuns in the text, but there appears also to be a final nun mid word. It makes sense if this were a vav, as it would then read as: ...
Jason Pyeron's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
140 views

Would Jews speak Lashon Hakodesh by default?

If my memory serves me correctly, I read in the sefer Daas Torah some while back that if one doesn't teach a [Jewish?] child a language it will start talking Lashon Hakodesh on its own accord. Is ...
Shababnik's user avatar
  • 1,952
2 votes
0 answers
169 views

What is the nachash in Genesis 3?

I see that the Hebrew word for serpent in Genesis 3 is nachash and that according to Strongs this word is a noun which stems from the verb 'nachash' meaning to practice divination, or observe signs. ...
Lisa Cremer's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
119 views

what is the difference between שלל, ביזה, and חרם?

We know that there are no true synonyms in the Torah. What does each of these connote? (to pass the test here - i googled and did not find anything)
eliyahu's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
136 views

Psalms/Tehillim 18:26

In Psalms 18:26: עִם־חָסִ֥יד תִּתְחַסָּ֑ד עִם־גְּבַ֥ר תָּ֜מִ֗ים תִּתַּמָּֽם Why is the word עם־גבר vocalised as עִם־גְּבַ֥ר ʕim-ggəvár instead of עִם־גֶּבֶר ʕim-ggέvɛr? I am asking this because ...
Leaky Nun's user avatar
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6 votes
3 answers
2k views

Gen 3:13 Did the snake "trick" or "advise" Eve to eat?

In Genesis 3:13, while Eve is answering God, she says: Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.” (NIV) Rabbi Manis ...
Mark Browning's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
57 views

מַה נִּשְּׁתַּנָה הַלַּיְלָה הַזֶּה מִכָּל הַלֵּילוֹת - What is the etymology of נִּשְּׁתַּנָה (nishtana)? [closed]

I can find לְהִשְׁתַּנּוֹת where נִשְׁתַּנֶּה (nishtane) would translate to "we will change (ourselves)", but i cannot find where נִּשְּׁתַּנָה (nishtana) derives from. Or is it just old ...
Guenther's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
34 views

What are the characteristics of המשכלים in Daniel 12?

I would like to know more about the word הַ֨מַּשְׂכִּלִ֔ים which I highlight in a bold face in the texts below. Daniel 12:3 is וְהַ֨מַּשְׂכִּלִ֔ים יַזְהִ֖רוּ כְּזֹ֣הַר הָרָקִ֑יעַ וּמַצְדִּיקֵי֙ ...
Vladislav Gladkikh's user avatar
3 votes
3 answers
305 views

Difference between a Menahel and Rosh Yeshivah

Is there a difference between a Menahel and a Rosh Yeshivah, or are they synonymous?
The Targum's user avatar
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0 votes
0 answers
106 views

Non-Hebrew Torah commentary

There is a teaching that only Torah commentary written in Hebrew, the holy tongue, will endure. However, the entire Talmud and the Book of Daniel are not in Hebrew, but in Aramaic. Even some parts of ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
0 votes
2 answers
164 views

Pronouncing the vav in mitzvot and matzot [closed]

What is the reason for the different pronunciation of the vav in the words mitzvot and matzot?
Yehuda W's user avatar
  • 8,251
2 votes
1 answer
160 views

What are some good resources for advanced Biblical Hebrew study?

I have been studying Biblical Hebrew for over a year, and have come to the point where I can read most of the prose text in the Hebrew Bible without trouble. I started with a beginner's textbook and ...
CMK's user avatar
  • 121
3 votes
2 answers
68 views

Roshei Teivos in Kli Yekar

עד עלות חמ"ס What does חמ"ס stand for? If it's just the word 'violence', why the ''? Context: ויבא עמלק וילחם עם ישראל ברפידים. בילקוט מסיק שעמלק דומה לזבוב כו', משל למלך שהקיף כרם כו', ...
flips's user avatar
  • 451
1 vote
0 answers
57 views

Connection between Loshon Hakodesh and other languages

I remember finding seforim saying All languages are really just a distortion of Loshon HaKodesh It's as if Loshon Hakodesh is in gallus (exile) within those other languages. When we identify how a ...
Elyah's user avatar
  • 185
0 votes
2 answers
125 views

Information about some Kabbalah authors

There is a sentence on Wikipedia about Kabbalah, but unfortunately, there are no sources for it, and I would like to know the sources (if they exist). The sentence says: "Among the problems ...
Mineder's user avatar
  • 59
1 vote
1 answer
168 views

What's the name of gallery tombs in Hebrew: Kok, kokim?

In this article in the jewishencyclopedia it mentions some tomb galleries: These galleries, or niches, which were called "kok" (plural, "kokim") by the Rabbis. I want to know how ...
Mike's user avatar
  • 111
1 vote
1 answer
186 views

Is the Yemenite pronunciation of Hebrew closest to correct? [duplicate]

Is the Yemenite pronunciation of Hebrew closest to correct? If so, would that mean that we should use the Yemenite pronunciation when davening or leining the Torah?
Raphael Chilungu's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
33 views

Why are the Niqqud different for the name of God sometimes? [duplicate]

Through my research of the Tanakh, I have observed that the tetragrammaton appears with varying niqqud in different locations. Additionally, I have noted that the niqqud used may differ but produce a ...
Eliyahu Al-Hazzan's user avatar
0 votes
0 answers
91 views

Biblical Hebrew Textbooks Written in Voweled Hebrew

The title may be a bit confusing; what I'm looking for is a Hebrew Grammar textbook (preferably biblical Hebrew, but modern is fine too) that is completelly written in Hebrew but its ment for non-...
user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
101 views

Number of dead after the Golden calf

When we get a count in the Torah it is in an exact form (either literal or metaphorical) for example the tribe of Reuven had 46,500 members. An exception to this rule would seem after the golden calf, ...
fulltimekollelguy's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
105 views

Happiness of Purim

In Israel, many people wish each other Purim Sameach - have a happy Purim. Yet it seems those from chu"l wish Simchas Purim which translates as 'happiness of Purim. It would seem that purim ...
fulltimekollelguy's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
158 views

Should Genesis 1:4 say that the light "was" or "is" good?

As a non-Jew who has very little knowledge of Hebrew, I'm curious as to the following: Is the Hebrew text clear on this, one way or the other? If so, which is it? If not, are there any Jewish ...
TruthSeeker's user avatar

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