Questions tagged [hebrew]

Questions pertaining to the Hebrew language, as related to Judaism. See the help center: http://judaism.stackexchange.com/help/on-topic

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Dagesh in pe lefufah

If you were writing pointed text with a pe lefufah (or doubled/spiral pe, or pe kefulah) for pedagogical purposes, and the pe had a dagesh, would you write the dagesh inside the inner spiral, or ...
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How to convert dates? תשכ'ה

תשכ'ה And generally, what is the system here? (I took a quick survey of the internet, and did not find a way to parse these dates from letters to roman numbers.)
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Catholic interested in learning about Judaism ✡️ & learning Hebrew to better understand the difference between the Bible & the Torah 🙏

I don’t know much about the Jewish Faith. During my younger years I attended Catholic School until 10th grade. Recently I have become stronger Spiritually, I’ve always had a strong curiousity about ...
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Translation of Hebrew words [duplicate]

Why is it that a lot of Hebrew words or names are translated weirdly into English and not maintained phonetically? A few examples are עזה becomes Gaza, בלעם becomes Balaam, עמורה becomes Gomorrah…I’m ...
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What is the difference between these two phrases used by Poskim?

I have seen both Mekach U’Memchar and Masa U’Masan used by various Rabbis and Poskim to mean, what I think, is business or business dealings. Is there a difference between these two phrases in meaning?...
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Is Hebrew compulsory to practice Judaism?

I am an atheist and loosely read mi yodeya because I am generally interested in cultures and the technicities of Judaism are fascinating. A lot of the questions (and especially answers) cite verbatim ...
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How to pronounce Hebrew with the Chassidic pronunciation?

First of all, I'm not Jewish but I love Judaism and feel a strong connection to the Jewish people and faith. My question is regarding the Chassidic way of Hebrew pronunciation when praying and reading ...
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Did Judaism have a more ancient name before it became Judaism?

Judaism comes from Judah. Specifically, it comes from the Kingdom of Judah. The names we get from Torah are typically for the people and not for the faith. We were called Hebrews and then we were ...
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Does the Torah teach, that mountains have an extension below the mountain’s base?

Job 28:9 “They put their hand to the flinty rock,and overturn mountains by the roots מִשֹּׁ֣רֶשׁ. the word מִשֹּׁ֣רֶשׁ is used literally for a root of tree or shrub,as in Jeremiah 17:8 Does the Torah, ...
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Use of יצ"ו, expanded to יבנה ציון וירושלים (May He build Zion and Jerusalem), how and where used?

I'm trying to remember where I have seen this (יצ"ו) used. I think it appears sometimes in sefarim, sometimes after the names of towns (not in Israel), and that the intent is to hope for the ...
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What will be the official language of the Kingdom of Israel?

This question assumes the correctness of the Shita that it is forbidden to use Lashon Koidesh for mundane language today. Rather I'm asking if this will or will not be the case in the restored Kingdom ...
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Excel Hebrew formula [closed]

If I put this following function into Excel, it will generate random letters in the given highlighted cells. 65 thru 90 is supposedly the excel defined values for the english alphabets from A thru Z. =...
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What's the difference between "Hinchilanu" and "Hinchaltanu"?

The Kiddush for Friday night contains two verbs, Hinchilanu and Hinchaltanu, that seem to be on one Hebrew root and share the translation "has given us as a heritage." I guess that there ...
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Was the term shlita (שליטא) always reserved for rabbis or prominent people? If so, why? If not, how come it became limited in this way? [duplicate]

"Shlita" is customarily added to the name of a living rabbi or leader, either in addressing or speaking/writing about him. It is often written as an acronym, as in "shlit"a" ...
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Are these vowels?

I know the hebrew vowels. However, I recently came across this word: כְּשֶׁעָמְ֒דָה. What are the three dots above the מ? Another example: עַמְּ֒ךָ In the same paragraph, I had וְהִדְלִֽיקוּ. What ...
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How to automatically add nikud to a text? [closed]

I have seen such a site, but cannot find it. And would it correctly add nikud to this phrase: שהטוב הוא במאמר שיפעל והרע במאמר שיתפעל כי כל התפעלות רע ?
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The letters aleph-lamed are sometimes blended into a single figure in certain texts. What is the origin/purpose of this?

My first guess was that it was a way of avoiding writing out a Divine name, but the texts where I've seen this, the same page may indeed include a full Divine name, so there must be another reason. I'...
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What books/texts for Modern Hebrew

Which of these books/texts would be possible to read when you know only Modern Hebrew? Kizur Shulchan Aruch Shulchan Aruch Mishnah Berurah Mishnah Babylonian Talmud Jerusalem Talmud Comments by: ...
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Where can I find the original Hebrew text for this quote?

From the Jewish Encyclopedia: Armenia is also mentioned in the Midrashim: "God said, if I let them pass through the deserts, they will die of starvation. Therefore I lead them by the road of ...
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Dictionary of Mishnaic Hebrew (aside from Jastrow) [duplicate]

Can anyone recommend a dictionary of Mishnaic Hebrew? Jastrow is serviceable, but not great. I am looking for a better option. Some suggestions would be helpful. Thank you.
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Group symmetry in the letters of Genesis [closed]

Forgive me if this is not the sort of question you like. I'm new here. Several years ago I came across the work of Stan Tenen, available at meru.org, who appears to have made some impressive ...
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Why use different adjectives in Devarim 9:1 and Devarim 9:14?

א שְׁמַע יִשְׂרָאֵל, אַתָּה עֹבֵר הַיּוֹם אֶת-הַיַּרְדֵּן, לָבֹא לָרֶשֶׁת גּוֹיִם גְּדֹלִים וַעֲצֻמִים מִמֶּךָּ--עָרִים גְּדֹלֹת וּבְצֻרֹת, בַּשָּׁמָיִם Deutoronomy 9:1 Hear, O Israel: thou art to ...
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Does the Torah have a gender?

Within the talmud, is the Torah as an entity referred to with with a particular gender and if so are there exceptions?
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Was the man who wrestled with Jacob, God?

It seems to me that the most plain reading of the passage in Genesis 32:22-32 suggests the man who wrestled with Jacob was somehow God, as crazy or as insane as it may sound. I'm looking for ...
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Does Betulah really mean virgin?

Ok hear me out first. If Betulah really means virgin, my question is why does Genesis 24:16 which uses this word to describe Rebekah, feels the need to also say "no man had known her" ...
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1 vote
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What is the difference between Almah vs. Ha-Almah?

My understanding is that adding "Ha-" at the beginning of a noun in Hebrew is the same as adding "The" to the beginning of a noun in English. In other words, it means you're ...
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What do these abbreviations mean? נ''י & מו''ה

I am filling out an authorization form for medical treatment. I am not 100% on what the abbreviations נ''י & מו''ה & mean. זֶה לאשׁר בי מו''ה (מורי וחמי?) ______ נ''י (נרו יאיר?) ...
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Do any Jewish commentators or any targum or midrash see Haggai 2:7 as a reference to the messiah?

Haggai 2:7 speaks about the coming of "the desired of nations". Christians say this is a reference to the messiah. But I'm wondering if any of the sages - the commentaries or targum or ...
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What does the word s'chach סכך have to do with anointing or pouring?

What does the word s'chach סכך (the roof of a sukkah or succah) have to do with anointing or pouring? The word s'chach סכך appears to come from the verb to anoint or to pour, as in the following ...
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What do the words בֶּאֱמֶת אָמְרוּ teach us in the Mishna?

Mishna Shabbat 1:3: לֹא יֵצֵא הַחַיָּט בְּמַחְטוֹ סָמוּךְ לַחֲשֵׁכָה, שֶׁמָּא יִשְׁכַּח וְיֵצֵא. וְלֹא הַלַּבְלָר בְּקֻלְמוֹסוֹ. וְלֹא יְפַלֶּה אֶת כֵּלָיו, וְלֹא יִקְרָא לְאוֹר הַנֵּר. בֶּאֱמֶת ...
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What is the history behind ascribing a heading to each of the Psalms?

For exmple, in my English book of Psalms, the 59th Psalm (attributed to David) informs us that it is a miktam and then gives a heading: When Saul had sent men to watch David's house in order to kill ...
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What is the difference between "גזרה רעה" "גזרה קשה"

Is there a difference between the concept of the Hebrew words of "גזרה רעה" an evil decree versus a "גזרה קשה" a difficult decree? See Machzor Rosh HaShana on the annulment of ...
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Are we commanded to colonize Mars?

The first commandment of the Torah is to be fruitful, multiply, and fill the earth/land (הָאָ֖רֶץ). The question is whether Mars (and other terrestrial planets and moons) should be included in the ...
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Are there words in the Hebrew bible where we find the letter Hei/Yod subsituted for an Alef?

For example, עמק הבכא in Psalams 84:6 is often translated as "Valley of weeping", even though we should expect the word weeping to be בכי, and not at all with an Alef. Do we have more ...
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Changing Beitza to Bei'a [duplicate]

I understand that there’s a yeshivish tradition of referring to Masekhes Beitza as “Bei’a”, by way of using the Aramaic word for ‘egg’ in place of the Hebrew. In two separate online shiurim that I ...
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English prayers, mix in hebrew?

Some prayers can be said in any language, and many people use the English translation in siddurim to daven directly, the question is is one allowed to mix in both hebrew and English when first ...
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Why Hebrew wasn't the spoken language in the Gemara times?

Why was Hebrew NOT the spoken language of the Jewish people after the Mishna? And why was a scholarly text, which was created for individuals who also obviously understood Hebrew, written in Aramaic? ...
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Composing your own Tefillah

Is there a source (either for or against) that mentions composing your own Tefillah prayer? Such as a yehi ratzon or the like. Granted, anyone can daven at any moment for anything they want in any ...
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Does the scope of "נערה/Naarah" used in Mishle/Proverbs 31 include wives and/or concubines?

In Mishlei/Proverbs 31:15 it states: She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth food to her household, and a portion to her maidens. וַתָּקָם, בְּעוֹד לַיְלָה--וַתִּתֵּן טֶרֶף לְבֵיתָהּ; ...
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Praying in English or Hebrew

I have searched and don’t think this is a duplicate and want to explain why this question is different from this one. In the above linked question, the answer clearly states that it’s best to daven in ...
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Rav ha Meiri's interpretation of the term "notzrim" in Talmud Bavli-Avodah Zarah 6a and 7b

According to the legal determination established in Talmud Bavli -Avodah Zarah 6a and 7b, the halachic status of christians (“notzrim”) appears to be that of idolaters: Avodah Zara 6a Avodah Zarah 7b ...
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Is there a particular reason Ezra HaSofer name is spelled with an "א" instead of with a "ה"?

In 1st Chronicles 4:17, a man from the tribe of Yehudah by the name of Ezrah is listed as follows: And the sons of Ezrah: Jether, and Mered, and Epher, and Jalon. And she bore Miriam, and Shammai, ...
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How is בריא connected to ברא?

IIRC, the word ברא applies exclusively to God's process of creation throughout the scriptures (see ברא on Sefaria). The word בריא is used to denote health (actually fat in cattle, like "...
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Does וְאִכָּבְדָ֤ה בְּפַרְעֹה֙ in 14:4 שמות also suggest weightier authority over Pharaoh?

While in Exodus (שמות) 14:4 the primary meaning is "glory through Pharaoh," does וְאִכָּבְדָ֤ה בְּפַרְעֹה֙ give the sense of showing Ado-nai has weightier authority over Pharaoh, especially ...
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When does the rule of אתא מרחוק apply?

I was told that there is a rule that if a word has the stress מלעיל (i.e. not on the last syllable), then the first letter of the next word should have a dagesh. I can not find anywhere where this ...
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Does Talmudic-Era Hebrew or Aramaic Distinguish Between Teaching and Learning?

In English, teaching and learning are two distinct verbs, but this is not the case with (many) other languages, where the same word is used to express both concepts. Whilst pondering upon the ...
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Why וַעֲלָמ֖וֹת and not בְּתוּל֖וֹת to be used in Song of Solomon 6:8?

According to Heiser, Michael S. and many Christians, outside of Isaiah 7:14, the word almah occurs only six times in the Old Testament. In all but one of those occurrences, the context provides no ...
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Do any historical Jewish sources mention the translation and production of the Peshitta?

There seems to be much scholarly debate surrounding when the Peshitta was translated from Hebrew to Aramaic, and whether it was the work of Jews or Christians. In light of this, I am wondering if any ...
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How many taamim/cantillation/trop marks are there?

I know there are different nusachot, but is there a maximal amount?
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Chayei olam: "everlasting life" or "long life"?

I am an Italian noahide. I see that, in the translations of the Tanakh and of the Hebrew sources in general edited by Jews , the expression "chayei olam" is constantly rendered with "...
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