Questions tagged [hebrew]

Questions pertaining to the Hebrew language, as related to Judaism. See the help center: http://judaism.stackexchange.com/help/on-topic

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3
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0answers
62 views

Why did Rashi choose Hebrew over Aramaic?

Rashi chose a form of Medieval Hebrew to write his commentaries, which facilitates the life of many students, as the Aramaic content in his writing is very low compared to the Gemara or contemporary ...
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3answers
272 views

Talmudic concept of a sensitive individual--“istus?”

There is a Talmudic term I've heard mentioned in passing but have not been able to locate. It relates to the concept of a person who is especially sensitive to physical discomfort in situations such ...
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2answers
70 views

Help what does this mean? [closed]

Need this translated, and what does it mean or say?
2
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1answer
93 views

Why is the word for silver in Torah the same word for money? [closed]

Is there a reason why the Hebrew word for silver is the same word for money in Hebrew?
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1answer
54 views

Does Maharal, Maharsha or Zohar discuss the concept of how שָׁלוֹם, שְׁלֵמוּת, שָׁלֵם are associated with one another?

Rav Shimon Schwab writes that the word שָׁלוֹם is related to שְׁלֵמוּת, completion, שָׁלֵם, perfection (on Iyov, page 67) Does anyone know if the Maharal, Maharsha or Zohar say such a concept?
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54 views

Is there math in Torah?

I have watched a nice movie back in the day that deals with numbers. In one of the scenes. A Jewish man comes to The Mathematician and tells about how the Hebrew uses the same "letters" as letters ...
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2answers
105 views

Where do the words יְרִידַת הַדּוֹרוֹת come from?

There is a term in Judaism called יְרִידַת הַדּוֹרוֹת, the diminishing spiritual level of subsequent generations. Where do the words יְרִידַת הַדּוֹרוֹת originate from? Is it posuk, mishna or gemara ...
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1answer
45 views

Origin of the word dati (דָּתִי) [duplicate]

Is there any Talmudic sources that claim the origin of the Hebrew word “dati” (דָּתִי) comes from the Avestan word daena?
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2answers
159 views

What is the meaning of Mishneh Torah, Hilchot Melachim 12:5 when it uses the Hebrew phrase “כִּי מָלְאָה הָאָרֶץ דֵּעָה אֶת ה'”?

In Mishneh Torah, Hilchot Melachim 12:5, Rambam quotes Isaiah 11:9 using the phrase: כִּי מָלְאָה הָאָרֶץ דֵּעָה אֶת ה' כַּמַּיִם לַיָּם מְכַסִּים This is commonly translated as, That the earth ...
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1answer
52 views

Hebrew Letters and corresponding body parts

When I was a little child, I remember being taught that each of the Hebrew letters had a corresponding body part. I am sure I learned what they were at the time, but I've long forgotten most of them. ...
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1answer
44 views

Are Jews obligated to learn/speak Hebrew? [duplicate]

Presuming a Jew wants to observe the laws of their religion, are they obligated to learn and speak Hebrew? Or is it sufficient if they read a translation of the Torah into their local language?
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2answers
35 views

What do these phrases mean, “come as one” and “teach a precedent”?

What do these phrases mean, "come as one" and "teach a precedent"? I think "come as one" means, they "are both the same" (?), but I am not sure this is the meaning of this in the phrase quoted below. ...
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0answers
57 views

Who is a boor בור? [closed]

The Talmud frequently calls an individual a "boor". Two examples: It has been reported: If one has learned Tanach and Mishnah but not Talmud, Rabbi Eleazar says he is an ignoramus [am ha-aretz]; ...
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23 views

The World As Known to The Hebrews (Sons of Japhet, Ham and Shem) [duplicate]

Would you be so kind and tell me how accurate this map is? Especially, I'd like to know views from Rabbis. I also appreciate other views.
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29 views

Personal Attributes, Influence and Importance of Japhet Among Noah's Sons [closed]

Would you be so kind and provide brief, yet details information about personal attributes, influence and importance of Japhet, commonly agreed among Jews and also Hebrews, perhaps if possible by ...
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1answer
34 views

Difference in Hebrew of Rabbis [closed]

We can see that some rabbis have different way of writing sefarim. For example, Rav Kook's writing, people say that his Hebrew is very much different and we need a teacher for his books. Why do ...
2
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2answers
77 views

Root of the word פרעה

The Hebrew word פרעה (Pharaoh) is probably directly derived from (a phonetic way to pronounce) the Egyptian word. But it reminded me of the Hebrew root פרע as seen in Exodus 32:25 which is actually ...
5
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1answer
35 views

The difference between ארון and תיבה in the Torah

I'm a little confused here: in contemporary Hebrew the difference is simple - a box that opens on the side [and has a door] is called a cabinet (ארון) while a box that opens on the top is called a box ...
5
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1answer
84 views

Mikraos Gedolos set of the entire Tanakh?

I will start by saying that I know nothing and must admit I was raised Christian. I had some curiosity as to why Christians are Christian when our guy that we are supposed to imitate and be like told ...
6
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1answer
143 views

Are there any recordings of the Tanakh read or chanted according to reconstructed Ancient Hebrew pronunciation?

I'm looking for audio recordings of the Tanakh, but without modern or Ashkenazi Hebrew pronunciations - rather an attempt to recreate what Ancient (and Archaic) Hebrew actually sounded like. I'm also ...
2
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2answers
59 views

Dealing with translation differences when reading in English

As I learn more Hebrew, I still daven and read things like Tehillim in English for the most part. Many sources casually say that English is as good as Hebrew when you daven/read alone. However, what ...
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1answer
45 views

Why does the Hebrew word for father have א on the end of אבא? [closed]

I am currently learning Hebrew and I'm confused over the word father (Aba). Why does the Hebrew word for father have א on the end of אבא if you can use Niqqud? Also, are you supposed to spell father ...
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0answers
38 views

Clarification on Ben Ezra's cancellation of the idea of grammatical gender

To continue the topic of "genders in Hebrew" I stumbled upon Torah Temima's commentary on the Posuk "דרך ילכו בה" and his citation of Ben Ezra: "את הדרך ילכו בה. [מכאן דדרך לשון נקבה] כטמדלא כתיב ...
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1answer
74 views

Why the Hebrew word for “fathers” - אבות ends in “ות” as feminine?

To continue the "gender in Hebrew" questions (like "meaning-of-grammatical-gender-in-hebrew-for-inanimate-objects)". What can be more masculine than the fathers, and still, the Torah uses the ...
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0answers
62 views

Common language and the language of the Scripture used in 1st century BCE?

I read from the internet where most articles say: A. The common language used by the Jews around 1st century BCE to (at least) the beginning of 1st century CE was Greek and the Scripture they use is ...
2
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1answer
51 views

What Hebrew language Mishna do you recommend?

I like Koren Publishing, and I noticed they have Bartenura and Kav V'Naki edition. I want to practice my Hebrew. I like a clean visual design, but also portability. What should I purchase? Any ...
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1answer
79 views

Why 1/6th - שתות in the Mishna is in Aramaic?

It appears suspicious to me, that an Aramaic word Shtut is used everywhere in the Hebrew text of the Mishnah, like in: "שׁוּם הַדַּיָּנִין שֶׁפִּחֲתוּ שְׁתוּת אוֹ הוֹסִיפוּ שְׁתוּת..." (Ksubos 11) ...
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51 views

Minhag Hebrew Pronunciation each letter

Is the pronunciation of the Hebrew letters a minhag or is the pronunciation of each individual letter each an individual minhag itself? For example would the pronunciation of the letter dalet be one ...
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1answer
111 views

Why plural form? [closed]

I have started watching to the show Shtisel and I couldn’t help notice that sometimes the characters talk between them using the plural forms, even when directed to a single person. For example, on ...
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2answers
129 views

what does the first word of shemot 8:7 mean?

Sh'mot 8:7: וְסָרוּ הַצְפַרְדְּעִים, מִמְּךָ וּמִבָּתֶּיךָ, וּמֵעֲבָדֶיךָ, וּמֵעַמֶּךָ: רַק בַּיְאֹר, תִּשָּׁאַרְנָה. Artscroll says it means "depart", implying the frogs will hop away. A few p'...
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1answer
74 views

Why “your hand” is spelled ידכה instead of ידך?

In שמות יג:טז: "וְהָיָה לְאוֹת עַל־יָדְכָה וּלְטוֹטָפֹת בֵּין עֵינֶיךָ כִּי בְּחֹזֶק יָד הוֹצִיאָנוּ יְהוָה מִמִּצְרָיִם׃" the word ידכה is used. Why is it not spelled ידך?
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1answer
46 views

Is there no word for objects/'things' in Hebrew aside from referring to things as 'words'?

I read the following passage and wonder about the first couple of sentences, which are pretty practical and I wonder if they're 'empirically' true. In common Hebrew language, how are 'things' referred ...
2
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1answer
94 views

Dagesh lene in קדּשנו

When we say the blessing on commandments, such as Tefillin, there is a dagesh in the דּ of קדּשנו. From what I have learnt a dagesh lene occurs when the בגד כפת starts a syllable and is not preceded ...
4
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2answers
89 views

First usage of golem to refer to a man-made humanoid

There's a famous folk tale that the Maharal created a golem, some sort of human shaped creature. The tale has it that he created it using practical Kabbalah. The gemarra even describes amoraim ...
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1answer
123 views

Why does the verb PaGA (פגע) mean both to intercede and to arrive?

What is the explanation why the Hebrew verb PaGA ( = פגע ) means both to intercede and to arrive? We see this, for example, in the Chabad Rashi translation and commentary of both Genesis 28:11 "And ...
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6answers
434 views

Why does the word milah mean both circumcision and word?

What is the rabbinic explanation why the word milah means both circumcision and word? To translate this into Hebrew is quite interesting, it would read like, Why does the milah milah mean both ...
2
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1answer
87 views

Use of definite article (ה) in יהי רצון … מצות התלוים

The paragraph after the ברכה (b'racha) of ציצת (tzitzis) ends with the expression " וְתַרְיַ"ג מִצְות הַתְּלוּיִם בָּהּ". My question is why does the word "התלוים" start with "ה"? It appears like ...
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2answers
72 views

ברכי נפשי…גדלת מאד - Tehillim 104

In Tehillim 104. The first verse uses the expression גדלת מאד. The vowels under גדלת are 2nd person, past tense. However, in the context of the verse this is not how it is translated. Why is this not ...
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1answer
54 views

Translation (or searchable version) of *Sefer Elim* of Rabbi Joseph Solomon Delmedigo

Does there exist any translation of the Sefer Elim of Rabbi Joseph Solomon Delmedigo into a European language? If not, does there at least exist a text-version of the original Hebrew version (all I ...
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0answers
51 views

Why is the book of תהילים not called תהילות? [duplicate]

If the word תהילה is feminine why don't we call the book of תהילים not תהילות?
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0answers
17 views

Is there a halachic requirement to teach your child to read Hebrew? [duplicate]

Is it a mitzva to teach one's child to read Hebrew? If so, it is d'orita or d'rabbanon?
3
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3answers
77 views

Reciting Shema in English

Is there any halachic requirement for the Shema to be recited in Hebrew only? I searched to make sure this was not a duplicate question and only found one that asks when reciting the Shema in English ...
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1answer
35 views

Which translation is the most accurate for the phrase “העוֹנה לתפלת חסיד ידשׁן בּטוֹב חיינוּ ושׁנה טוֹבה ישׁלח לבית ישׂראל עמנוּ”?

My suggestions: העוֹנה לתפלת חסיד The response/answer to the prayer of a righteous person The return to prayer of a righteous person The season of prayer of a righteous person ידשׁן בּטוֹב חיינוּ is a ...
2
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0answers
96 views

Seeking easy-Hebrew, high-interest books on Jewish topics for 8 year old boy

Seeking titles of books and names of authors of high-interest children's books on Jewish topics in easy Hebrew with nikudot. (Indications of reading grade level would be helpful.)
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1answer
85 views

Help to translate a Prayer into Hebrew [closed]

I am learning Hebrew and I have this prayer which I want to pray: Yehi ratzon milfanecha, shetimaleh retzon'cha, v'lo retzoni, v'she'ehye merkava lirtzonecha. Bifratus, avakesh mimcha emunah ...
5
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3answers
136 views

Why do we say מודה אני and not אני מודה?

Why in the morning do we say מודה אני and not אני מודה?
3
votes
3answers
125 views

What different pronunciation should a Kohen give to each letter to be strict in halacha? (SA 128:33)

When Halacha says that a Kohen should distinguish between all the Hebrew letters in Siman 128 Seif 33 from where it says "similar examples": מי שאינו יודע לחתוך האותיות כגון שאומר לאלפי"ן עייני"ן ...
1
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1answer
106 views

Do we have a religious obligation to “unify” the Hebrew dialects?

Let me start by saying that this question is not a criticism of any one community or their dialect. I'm asking this question from the mindset of there being possible religious obligations to use the ...
6
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0answers
77 views

Meaning of grammatical gender in Hebrew for inanimate objects

For English (and many other languages) grammatical gender in Hebrew constitute a serious problem: how come that in Hebrew a book (ספר - ספרים) is masculine and a lamp (מנורה - מנורות) is feminine? Do ...
0
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1answer
247 views

Why is Hebrew written without vowels? [duplicate]

Is there a religious explanation for writing Biblical Hebrew without vowels? "Was Hebrew originally written without vowels" does not address the reasons for not using vowels.