Questions tagged [hebrew]

Questions pertaining to the Hebrew language, as related to Judaism. See the help center: http://judaism.stackexchange.com/help/on-topic

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2
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3answers
169 views

Why Hebrew wasn't the spoken language in the Gemara times?

Why was Hebrew NOT the spoken language of the Jewish people after the Mishna? And why was a scholarly text, which was created for individuals who also obviously understood Hebrew, written in Aramaic? ...
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2answers
176 views

Composing your own Tefillah

Is there a source (either for or against) that mentions composing your own Tefillah prayer? Such as a yehi ratzon or the like. Granted, anyone can daven at any moment for anything they want in any ...
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Does the scope of “נערה/Naarah” used in Mishle/Proverbs 31 include wives and/or concubines?

In Mishlei/Proverbs 31:15 it states: She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth food to her household, and a portion to her maidens. וַתָּקָם, בְּעוֹד לַיְלָה--וַתִּתֵּן טֶרֶף לְבֵיתָהּ; ...
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2answers
93 views

Praying in English or Hebrew

I have searched and don’t think this is a duplicate and want to explain why this question is different from this one. In the above linked question, the answer clearly states that it’s best to daven in ...
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96 views

Rav ha Meiri's interpretation of the term “notzrim” in Talmud Bavli-Avodah Zarah 6a and 7b

According to the legal determination established in Talmud Bavli -Avodah Zarah 6a and 7b, the halachic status of christians (“notzrim”) appears to be that of idolaters: Avodah Zara 6a Avodah Zarah 7b ...
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1answer
292 views

Is there a particular reason Ezra HaSofer name is spelled with an “א” instead of with a “ה”?

In 1st Chronicles 4:17, a man from the tribe of Yehudah by the name of Ezrah is listed as follows: And the sons of Ezrah: Jether, and Mered, and Epher, and Jalon. And she bore Miriam, and Shammai, ...
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1answer
61 views

How is בריא connected to ברא?

IIRC, the word ברא applies exclusively to God's process of creation throughout the scriptures (see ברא on Sefaria). The word בריא is used to denote health (actually fat in cattle, like "...
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1answer
66 views

Does וְאִכָּבְדָ֤ה בְּפַרְעֹה֙ in 14:4 שמות also suggest weightier authority over Pharaoh?

While in Exodus (שמות) 14:4 the primary meaning is "glory through Pharaoh," does וְאִכָּבְדָ֤ה בְּפַרְעֹה֙ give the sense of showing Ado-nai has weightier authority over Pharaoh, especially ...
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37 views

Pronunciation of הַּ with mappiq [duplicate]

For example, as in לִגְבּוֹהַּ is the הַּ pronounced as A or ACH or AH with a very subdued H?
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61 views

When does the rule of אתא מרחוק apply?

I was told that there is a rule that if a word has the stress מלעיל (i.e. not on the last syllable), then the first letter of the next word should have a dagesh. I can not find anywhere where this ...
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1answer
189 views

Does Talmudic-Era Hebrew or Aramaic Distinguish Between Teaching and Learning?

In English, teaching and learning are two distinct verbs, but this is not the case with (many) other languages, where the same word is used to express both concepts. Whilst pondering upon the ...
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2answers
140 views

Why וַעֲלָמ֖וֹת and not בְּתוּל֖וֹת to be used in Song of Solomon 6:8?

According to Heiser, Michael S. and many Christians, outside of Isaiah 7:14, the word almah occurs only six times in the Old Testament. In all but one of those occurrences, the context provides no ...
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113 views

Do any historical Jewish sources mention the translation and production of the Peshitta?

There seems to be much scholarly debate surrounding when the Peshitta was translated from Hebrew to Aramaic, and whether it was the work of Jews or Christians. In light of this, I am wondering if any ...
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92 views

How many taamim/cantillation/trop marks are there?

I know there are different nusachot, but is there a maximal amount?
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0answers
74 views

Chayei olam: “everlasting life” or “long life”?

I am an Italian noahide. I see that, in the translations of the Tanakh and of the Hebrew sources in general edited by Jews , the expression "chayei olam" is constantly rendered with "...
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1answer
208 views

Do the words “Omer” (as in counting the Omer) and “Amar” (to speak or to say) have a connection to each other?

Do the words "Omer" (as in counting the Omer, starts with Ayin) and "Amar" (to speak or to say, starts with Alef) have a connection to each other? If so, what were the ...
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0answers
41 views

Why the change in phrase with the morning blessings?

In the morning blessings, there is a small but seemingly important variation in word usage across three blessings. In the blessing about the distinction between day and night, G-d is described by the ...
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61 views

Are 'speaking' and 'desert' related in Hebrew?

"Bamidbar" means "In the desert" or "In the wilderness". But the root dalet/bet/resh also refers to speaking. Are the two related, and if so, how? (This is not purely a ...
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3answers
234 views

What is the connection between the natural world and sinking? (טבע)

Do any commentators explain a connection between the shared root of the word "טבע" for sinking (as in Shemos 15:4 - טֻבְּעוּ בְיַם) and the natural world of טבע?
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1answer
112 views

The meaning of Yaldah [closed]

There are several terms in the bible that indicate "children": zehrah, bakar, yanek, gamul, taph, 'owlel, elem, naar, yathowm, etc. Does the term "Yaldah" in the bible mean child (...
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1answer
53 views

What is the difference between קדד, כרע, and שׁחה?

The DCH and BDB lexicons list these words as all meaning the same thing - "to bow down." Is there some finer nuance between these words?
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2answers
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Is וּכְתַבְתָּ֛ם in Shema with Shva Na or Shva Nach

My daughter goes to a chabad school (nusach ari?) and has been taught in class that וּכְתַבְתָּ֛ם in the shema (end of first paragraph) is with a shvah na on the כְ. She also says it has the asterisk ...
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1answer
108 views

Sacred vs Holy: why the same word in Hebrew?

English and other languages (e.g., Russian & Greek) distinguish between "holy" ("святой", "άγιος") and "sacred" ("священный", "ιερός"). ...
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2answers
103 views

“ruach elohim” in Genesis 1.2 translated with “a very strong wind”

I read, in some biblical forums, the intervention of Israeli Orthodox Jews according to which the most correct translation, in Genesis 1: 2, of "ruach elohim" is "a very strong wind&...
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2answers
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What is the precise meaning of the word “avicha”?

I search the meaning of the word "Avicha" (not sure how it is written in hebrew. I have seen it used in the terms "Mussar Avicha", "Birchos Avicha", "elohai avicha&...
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1answer
63 views

What does the word “חַיִל” mean?

Gideon was famously called "a Mighty Man of Valor" by the Malach/Messenger and the word is most famously utilized in Proverbs 31 in the description of the Virtuous Woman. Doing research into ...
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40 views

Why say bircat hamazon instead of plainly thanking HaShem for the food?

A niece asked me why do we need to say bircat hamazon which is lengthy and with words we don’t understand instead of just saying in English something along the long the lines of “thank you HaShem for ...
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2answers
133 views

Why are some Matzah labeled as not being kosher for Pesach/Passover?

What brought me to inquire about this topic (besides seeing products as being labeled not kosher for Pesach) was the name Matzah itself. Matzah by definition means unleavened bread. I understand that ...
2
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1answer
164 views

Are these passages really found in the Jewish prayers? If so, where can I find the original Hebrew text?

In this book, a Christian writer by the name of John Hutchinson alleges that the following passages are found in the Jewish prayers, and that when collected together, compose a form similar to the ...
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3answers
129 views

Meaning of the word “Devash”

Sometimes, when Devash is mentioned in scriptural passages, Rashi observes that the Hebrew word is general and included many sweet fluids. For example, Leviticus 2:11 commands “For you shall not cause ...
3
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1answer
350 views

The grammatical nature of וָאִמָּלְטָה in the context of Job 1:15. How exactly did the only surviving servant “slip away”?

In Job 1:15, we read that the Sabeans fell upon and took Job's cattle and she-asses. Then they killed the young men, or servants, of Job, by the sword. Only one of these servants got away, and it is ...
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0answers
28 views

Was the Jewish month of Tammuz named after the pagan god Tammuz of the Babylonian? [duplicate]

According to Wikipedia: "The name of the month was adopted from the Assyrian and Babylonian month Araḫ Dumuzu, named in honour of the Mesopotamian deity Dumuzid" If so what's the implication ...
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2answers
66 views

Does the Midrash show any examples of adjectives attached to Rabbi when addressing a Rabbi?

Are there any historic examples, such as in the Midrash, that show someone addressing a Rabbi with an adjective such as רַבִּי הַטּוֹב?
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1answer
38 views

What words and intentions are to be stressed at the end of Neilah?

I have heard different ways of stressing the words that we repeat seven times at the end of the Neilah service on Yom Kippur: יי הוּא הָאֱלֹהִים. Are there any recorded thoughts on what is recommended ...
4
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1answer
115 views

What is the correct word for the way the letter Hebrew are classified in Sefer Yetzirah?

In the Wikipedia page for the Sefer Yetzirah I found this: along with ten calibrations of empty space, twenty-two letters [of the Hebrew alphabet], [of which] three are principal [letters] (i.e. א מ ...
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2answers
40 views

Esther 8:17 - Is the phrase פַּֽחַד־הַיְּהוּדִ֖ים synonymous with יִרְאַ֚ת יְהֹוָ֨ה?

When studying Esther 8:17, we read: And in every province and in every city, wherever the king's order and his edict reached, [there was] joy and gladness for the Jews, a banquet and a festive day, ...
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1answer
101 views

Why is the final Heh in Ha'Shem's name different in K'thav Chabad/Alter-Rebbe?

Now I'm no Sofer by any means, although I do have a strong interest in the different Hebrew calligraphic traditions. All of which I find extremely beautiful in their own way. While studying the style ...
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1answer
60 views

Original meaning of the word Segulah - סְגֻלָּה / and its current connotation

Shemos 19:5 - the verse reads ועתה אם שמוע תשמעו בקלי ושמרתם את בריתי והייתם לי סגלה מכל העמים כי לי כל הארץ. Targum translates Segula as beloved - חביבין Rashi translates Segula as a beloved treasure ...
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56 views

Do you know what the name Edja means and is it commonly associated with a certain Hebrew name? [closed]

My family is trying to figure out some details for my grandmother's headstone. Her Hebrew name is forgotten, she went by Edith for as long as I've known her but her Polish name was Edja. I can't find ...
2
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3answers
554 views

What does שליט"א stand for?

I thought that שליט"א came from the Aramaic word שליט (Ruler). But a Rabbi I told this to, pointed out that שליט"א is always written as with " , in the Middle so each the letters must ...
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2answers
708 views

How to apply the Masoretic note, “2x, once plene and once defectively” to Ruth 1:1?

In Ruth 1:1, there is a Masoretic note on שְׁפֹט which I do not understand: The picture is a little unclear, but the note says (I have highlighted the letters with a dot above them): ב חד מל וחד חס ...
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1answer
200 views

What does the Hebrew name Kohath/קהת mean?

While reading this Apocryphal book about the sons of Yisrael (Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs: Book of Levi Verses 51-52) it is stated that קהת means "beginning of majesty and instruction&...
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1answer
40 views

What is the translation of הרכבה מזגית / הרכבה שכונית?

In the introduction to Shev Shmattsa letter 'מ' he talks about various cases of two things that combine to become one (the guf and the neshama, a mule, someone who is half eved half ben chorin, etc). ...
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1answer
131 views

Why are the words for “heavens” and “waters” so similar?

Genesis 1:9 mentions waters and heavens: "הַמַּ֜יִם מִתַּ֤חַת הַשָּׁמַ֨יִם֙". The words "mayim" (waters) and "shamayim" (heavens) are very similar. Is this a coincidence, ...
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0answers
25 views

Spelling of בארי in the Rambam

I noticed in several places in the text of the Rambam presented in Rav Nachum Rabinovitch's Yad Peshuta (e.g. in hilchoth nachaloth) that instead of the expected spelling/word "בריא" (a ...
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1answer
63 views

Understanding עָרוּם in bereishit [duplicate]

I just began to study the Torah. It was interesting to see that both man and snake are described as עָרוּם, translated to english, in my version, as "naked" with respect to man, and "...
2
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0answers
38 views

Hebrew verbs in the Creation [duplicate]

Genesis 1 uses three distinct verbs when describing the Creation: Strong's # Hebrew Transliteration English Verses H1254 בָּרָא bara' to create 1, 21, 27 H1961 הָיְתָ֥ה hayah to be 2, 3, 14 H6213 ...
4
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1answer
103 views

What does the word “גֹּשֶׁן‎” mean?

Reading this week's Torah portion (וַיִּגַּ֨שׁ), amongst the various storylines The Israelites moved and dwelt in the land of Goshen. What does the name גֹּשֶׁן‎ mean? Is there a connection between ...
4
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0answers
57 views

Question on the wording of Ezra 2:67

In Ezra 2:65-67 it says: מִ֠לְּבַד עַבְדֵיהֶ֤ם וְאַמְהֹֽתֵיהֶם֙ אֵ֔לֶּה שִׁבְעַ֣ת אֲלָפִ֔ים שְׁלֹ֥שׁ מֵא֖וֹת שְׁלֹשִׁ֣ים וְשִׁבְעָ֑ה וְלָהֶ֛ם מְשֹׁרְרִ֥ים וּֽמְשֹׁרְר֖וֹת מָאתָֽיִם׃ סוּסֵיהֶ֕ם ...
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0answers
36 views

What is the meaning of “יְיָ” [duplicate]

what is the meaning of "יְיָ" in "בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְיָ אֱלֹהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם "?. Is it an actual word or is it something grammatical?

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