Questions tagged [talmud-bavli]

The Talmud is a commentary on the Mishna (the oral law) written in Babylonia containing discourses of Amoraim spanning the 3th-5th century

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Yerushalmi Versus Bavli in Halacha

The halacha we have today is mostly sourced in Talmud Bavli(the Babylonian Talmud),Medrash and Zohar. I would like to know what Halachot in which we rule according to the Yerushalmi (the Jerusalem ...
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14 votes
2 answers
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Sh'kalim, Kinim, Midos in daf yomi

Why are Sh'kalim (Y'rushalmi) and Kinim and Midos (mishnayos) learned as part of the standard daf yomi cycle for Talmud Bavli? And if the answer relies on some fact of publication, then (a) why ...
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17 votes
5 answers
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Which masechtot don't really have Rashi?

I often hear that the printed "Rashi" commentary in certain masechtot of the Talmud Bavli (first that come to mind are Moed Katan and Nedarim) is not actually written by Rashi. Does anyone have a full ...
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9 votes
5 answers
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Why is Talmud Bavli studied more than Yerushalmi?

I'm far from an expert on either Bavli or Yerushalmi. But, I'm curious as to why yeshivot (and, to an extent, even individual adults learning by themselves, chevruta or via shiurim) study Bavli far ...
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8 votes
5 answers
820 views

Why do Yeshivos learn Talmud Bavli so extensively?

Most Yeshivos (from 5th Grade-End of High school) Learn Talmud Bavli. My question is: Why? What is the point of learning Talmud Bavli so extensively? I know that it is Hashem's Word, but there are ...
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6 votes
3 answers
517 views

Why Choose Talmud Bavli For The Daily Study

As we know it is a big custom to learn a daf of Talmud Bavli a day (Dafyomi). My question is why did they choose to pick Talmud Bavli. There are so many other Subjects that could actually affect ...
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10 votes
11 answers
590 views

Talmud Yerushalmi Halachot

The halacha we have today is mostly sourced in Talmud Bavli(the Babylonian Talmud),Medrash and Zohar. I would like to know what Halachot which we have today which are sourced strictly in the ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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To what extent is someone on the way to do a mitzvah protected from danger?

Pesachim 8A (link) says: R. Elazar taught that harm will not befall a Shali'ach (someone on the way to do a) Mitzvah! That is a short excerpt from a discussion about being protected when doing a ...
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7 votes
1 answer
228 views

Why are we bound to rabbinic laws?

I know that one of the reasons given for our being limited by miderobonon laws is explained in Masechet Shevuot, 39a which says as follows (lifted from dafyomi.co.il) i. "Asher Yeshno Po ha'Yom" ...
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10 votes
4 answers
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Does Rashi's commentary on a quoted mishna reflect the true explanation?

Often the Bavli will quote a mishna from another maseches (tractate) or another part of the same maseches. Does Rashi's commentary on the Bavli's quotation of the mishna reflect his interpretation of ...
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10 votes
2 answers
889 views

Returning Lost Property to a Gentile

Why is it forbidden to return lost property to a non-Jew? Its been a while since I learnt the discussion about hashovas aveido (returning lost property) in Baba Metzia; but I just learnt Sanhedrin ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Is the Maharshal's list of differences between Talmud Bavli and Talmud Yerushalmi complete?

I found here a book written by the Maharshal citing where pasukim are found in the Yerushalmi. In the end of this book, he cites a number of differences in halacha between the Bavli and the Yerushalmi....
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3 votes
1 answer
116 views

How to understand: All found on land is found also in the sea

It says in Chullin 127a that all found on land is found also in the sea, except a "chuldah". Is there is a larger list of such fish (other than the Gemara mentions)? Any insights would be ...
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0 answers
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The names of Gehinnom

Babylonian Talmud, ‘Erubin 19a' Joshua b. Levi said: The Gehenna/Gehinnom has seven names; Sheol, Abaddon, Beer Shahat, Tit ha-Yawen, Sha’are Mawet, Sha’are Zalmawet, and Gehenna. What exactly is ...
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6 votes
1 answer
111 views

Who wrote the "Seder Vehilchos Korban pesach rishon beketzarah"

In Pesachim 57b (right before the 5th chapter) there is a page containing a summery of laws pertaining to the Korban Pesach. Who wrote it?
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3 votes
1 answer
656 views

Is there a Special Hadran for finishing the whole shas?

Is there a Special Hadran for finishing the whole shas? or do you just recite the Hadran for the masechta just completed?
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3 votes
1 answer
140 views

Shamai HaZakein Buying for Shabbos All Week

The Gemara (Beitzah 16a) talks about Shamai HaZakein, who would buy meat every day, setting aside the current day's meat for Shabbos when superior to the previous day in quality, then he would eat the ...
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1 vote
2 answers
4k views

So what happens to Judaism if Moshiach doesn't come by the year 6000?

Since it says in the Talmud that Moshiach has to come by the year 6000, so what happens to Judaism if Moshiach doesn't come by the year 6000. The year 6000 view comes from the Babylonian Talmud, ...
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1 vote
1 answer
103 views

R' Yehoshua and the Athenian Elders: The floating house, the desert well, and the broken millstone

This is part of a series of questions on the Gemara in Bechoros 8b-9a. Below is a summary of the relevant parts of the Gemara. After being challenged by Caesar, R' Yehoshua went to Athens to defeat ...
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1 vote
1 answer
205 views

How did Talmudic rabbis know about others' personal matters

There are numerous places where the Talmud discusses some very personal facts about certain rabbis. For example, Baba Metziah 84a has a discussion about the size of rabbis' sex organ. How did the ...
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0 votes
2 answers
215 views

Why aren't Zeraim or Toharos included in the Bavli as Mishnayos?

Whatever the reason, there is no Gemara on most of Zeraim and Toharos. Why, though, were the mishnayos themselves not included in their entireties in the redacted Talmud Bavli? It seems strange that ...
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12 votes
2 answers
318 views

One Gemara cites another -- evidence of the order in which Shas was compiled?

Gemara Tamid notes (on daf 27b) that a certain Braisa appears in Yoma, in Perek Ba Lo Kohen Gadol. This citation is correct; Artscroll notes (Tamid 27b3 #27) that more specifically the Braisa appears ...
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8 votes
3 answers
782 views

Which are the "Yeshivish Masechtos"?

Generally speaking there seems to be a list of "Yeshivish Masechtos" (masechtos usually studied in Yeshivot) and specific Perakim which are learnt in Chareidi mainstream Yeshivot. For instance, in ...
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8 votes
2 answers
606 views

Which Amora is mentioned most often in the Gemara?

Which Amora is mentioned most often throughout Talmud Bavli?
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2 votes
0 answers
61 views

List of all the times the principle of "svara" is used in Shas

There's a principle of "svara" in Shas, which exists on a d'oraisa level (see this related question). A few examples of svaras: 1) המוציא מחברו עליו הראיה - "the burden of proof rests upon the ...
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13 votes
2 answers
467 views

Source of opinion that Talmud Yerushalmi was corrupted by Karaites

In the entry for Talmud Bavli/Yerushalmi in Chida's Shem Hagedolim Hashalem (c.1800, the older versions do not have this paragraph), he references a theory from maskilim of his time that the Rabbis ...
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10 votes
1 answer
288 views

Is 'A father and son sleeping with a betrothed young woman on yom kippur' an expression?

Bava metza 83b: Rabbi Elazar brebbi Shimon is afraid that he may have wrongfully caused someone to be hanged, but is reassured that the hanged and his son 'slept with a betrothed maiden on yom kippur'...
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8 votes
1 answer
512 views

Any known translations of the Talmudim et al into classical languages, prior to the 19th century?

Through the 19th and 20th centuries, the Bavli and Yerushalmi were fully or partially translated into English, French, German, Arabic and Italian. Are there any extant translations of the Talmudim and/...
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8 votes
3 answers
2k views

Why does the gemarah start on daf bet?

Mesechtas in the Bavli shas start on daf bet instead of daf aleph, why is this so? As a child I was told it was to give you incentive to start ("Hey, I'm already on page 2!") but that now seems both ...
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6 votes
1 answer
181 views

Why is the Rif's digest of tractate Niddah hidden in tractate Shevuos?

Rabbi Isaac Alfasi's summary of tractate Niddah is hidden in masechet Shevuot. Why is it buried in maseches Shevuos?
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5 votes
2 answers
352 views

What is the greatest number of pages (daf) you can go in the Babylonian Talmud without encountering Abayei or Rava?

What is the greatest number of pages (daf) you can go in the Babylonian Talmud without encountering Abayei or Rava? I've heard it was 3?
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4 votes
2 answers
2k views

Does the Talmud say that Jesus writhes in excrement and Mary was a prostitute?

There is a widespread belief among many Christian denominations that Jesus and Mary are referred to in overly disrespectful, even scatological, language in the Talmud. Examples often given are that ...
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4 votes
1 answer
134 views

Mishnayot in the Bavli

In the Miqraot Gedolot, an index exists called Toldot uVeit Aharon. It lists "every" passage in the early rabbinic literature that references every individual passuk, and is extremely useful. Another, ...
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3 votes
0 answers
40 views

How the Israeli Talmud learning was different from Babylonian to cause R' Zeirah to fast?

The Gemmorah BM 85a: "ר' זירא כי סליק לארעא דישראל יתיב מאה תעניתא דלשתכח גמרא בבלאה מיניה כי היכי דלא נטרדיה" "When Rabbi Zeira ascended from Babylonia to Eretz Yisrael, he fasted one ...
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2 votes
0 answers
150 views

How many sugyot are marked in the 1835 Vilna Printing of the Talmud Bavli?

How many sugyot are marked in the 1835 Vilna printing of the Talmud Bavli? I am defining a sugya by a section divided between "two dots" ( : ) or between the words of mishna and "two dots". I am ...
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2 votes
1 answer
259 views

Is there a list of all of the cases in the Talmud where תיקו ("Teiku") is said?

Sometimes in the gemara there are questions that for whatever reason are unable to be answered, and to such a question the gemara simply says "teiku" (usually translated to mean "let it stand"). Does ...
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2 votes
4 answers
1k views

Why is Avodah Shebalev (service of the heart) known as prayer?

Ta'anit 2a (Chazal) teaches that the service of the heart is prayer. But how does one knows its prayer? When I think of service of the heart for example I think of all my whole being acting, ...
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10 votes
4 answers
229 views

How could Rebbi Zeira forcibly forget his learning?

In Bava Metzia 85a it says that ר' זירא כי סליק לארעא דישראל יתיב מאה תעניתא דלשתכח גמרא בבלאה מיניה Rebbi Zeira, when he left to the land of Israel, fasted 100 times to cause himself to forget ...
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8 votes
2 answers
283 views

Why does the Talmud use the term רחמנא?

When quoting verses, the Talmud often says something like אמר רחמנא - "the Merciful One said..." What is the significance of this name? Why not use a name like הקדוש ברוך הוא - a name commonly found ...
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8 votes
1 answer
568 views

What happened to the rest of masechet Meilah -- it ends at 22a but the daf yomi calendar says it goes to 37?

This daf yomi calendar says that Meilah goes to 37, so I was surprised to discover that my digital copy of the Soncino edition of talmud ends it at 22a. This is also true of the copy at halakhah.com, ...
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7 votes
2 answers
411 views

What is the image on many volumes of Shas called?

Does anyone know the official name of the 4-poled structure in the middle of the image below (of a cover of a volume of the Talmud)? I'm pretty sure that this 'structure' has a name, but my intense ...
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7 votes
2 answers
305 views

Chapters of Tanach present in Talmud Bavli

I heard there is a style of Talmud study somewhere, where as a verse presents itself in the Talmud, the student would learn the entire chapter from תנ״ך. With that, were one to complete the entire ...
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6 votes
2 answers
470 views

Zohar vs. Yerushalmi

M"B 25:42 makes it clear that we always follow Gemara over Zohar. And we similarly follow Bavli over Yerushalmi (as is clear from the Hirhurim article quoted in this related discussion). However, do ...
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6 votes
1 answer
763 views

Why is Shekalim in the Bavli?

I have a few different sets of Shas Bavli, and most of them contain Shekalim from the Yerushalmi. (The Steinsaltz version does not, for example, though the Oz v'Hadar version does). When did people ...
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6 votes
2 answers
442 views

Rashi on the Rif?

Is Rashi on the Rif the same as the one in the Gemara? If it is, why is it put there? If its not, then why did Rashi write a different pirush on the Rif, and does it have a different Derech then ...
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5 votes
1 answer
2k views

What was the ultimate fate of Rabbi Elisha ben Abuyah (Acher)?

Unsong is a work of online serial fiction by Scott Alexander which is based heavily on Judaism. (I highly recommend it to Jews and Gentiles alike.) In this chapter of Unsong, the archangel Uriel ...
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5 votes
1 answer
48 views

Why the different wording for the three proofs atop שבת דף מ ע״א?

The Bavli, Shabas 40 amud 1, cites a disagreement between Rav and Sh'muel. It then brings three proofs to Sh'muel's view. Each proof quotes what appears AFAICT to be a b'raysa, and each proof is ...
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4 votes
1 answer
214 views

Why the Jerusalem Talmud is not mentioned in the Bavli?

The JT was compiled some 150-200 years before the Bavli (WIKI), so the most of the disputes in the Bavli took place when the JT was already finished. The Rabbis (Tannayim and Amorayim) traveled all ...
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4 votes
1 answer
3k views

How many Blatt in each perek of Shas?

I am working on a chart to split up shas among the members of my shul. How many Blatt (double-sided pages) are in each chapter of Shas? If you have a spreadsheet with the pertinent information, that ...
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4 votes
1 answer
106 views

What is specific about the pre-ordination of these 3 things - spouses, houses, and fields?

Gemara Sotah 2a אמר רב יהודה אמר רב ארבעים יום קודם יצירת הולד בת קול יוצאת ואומרת בת פלוני לפלוני בית פלוני לפלוני שדה פלוני לפלוני... Rav Yehuda says that Rav says: Forty days before an embryo is ...
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