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Questions tagged [maseches-makos]

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4
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1answer
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How does frequency of a Sanhedrin killing make sense in light of the concept of “Kippah”?

The mishnah on Makkos 7a states: סנהדרין ההורגת אחד בשבוע נקראת חובלנית רבי אליעזר בן עזריה אומר אחד לשבעים שנה רבי טרפון ורבי עקיבא אומרים אילו היינו בסנהדרין לא נהרג אדם מעולם רשב"ג אומר אף הן ...
3
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1answer
130 views

Can halacha of Eidim Zomemim be applied in today's times? (ex: $ cases)

Scenario: Reuven & Shimon are at the Beth Din of America in Manhattan and are testifying that Levi completely wrecked Yehuda's Manhattan apartment on March 17. Suddenly: Dan & Naftali ...
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0answers
20 views

Why does Rashi translate בירה differently in different places?

In some places, Rashi translates בירה as a "מגדל [גדול]‏", a "[large] tower" (Bava Kamma 61b, Taanis 16a). In other places he translates it as a "בית גדול", a "large house" (Bava Kamma 22a, Gittin ...
4
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2answers
54 views

Is there a difference between מכות and מלקות?

The two terms seem to mean the same thing, both referring to lashes. Even in Mishnayos, they seem to be used interchangeably. For instance, in Makkos 1:2: מְעִידִין אָנוּ בְאִישׁ פְּלוֹנִי ...
5
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1answer
41 views

Exile the teacher also to the city of refuge?

In Makkot 10a, we learn that if a man is exiled to a city of refuge, his teacher must be exiled with him to continue to teach him Torah there: [The Sages] taught: [If] a student is exiled [to the ...
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1answer
52 views

Must we find out for ourselves?

The Talmud Makkot 16a records the following exchange: א"ר יוחנן אין לנו אלא זאת ועוד אחרת א"ל ר' אלעזר היכא א"ל לכי תשכח נפק דק ואשכח R' Yoḥanan said: [There are two mitzvot on this matter:]...
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2answers
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Explanation of Makkot 15a [closed]

Makkot 15a begins by asking: Why did Rabbi Yohanan say something and then claim he did not say it? I don't understand the Gemara's answer to that question. Can anybody explain it to me?
1
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1answer
87 views

Is killing the terminally ill OK?

I would like to understand this passage in Makkot 7a: https://www.sefaria.org/Makkot.7b.4?lang=bi&with=Commentary&lang2=bi [The mishna teaches that] Rabbi Tarfon and Rabbi Akiva say: If we ...
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2answers
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If there's no Goel Hadam (ex: victim was a convert), does the accidental killer still need to go to an Ir Miklat?

Suppose Reuvein was accidentally killed by Shimon. It turns out that Reuvein is a ger who has no halachik relatives. Since Reuvein has no next-of-kin and thus no one who can kill Shimon- does Shimon ...
9
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1answer
2k views

If a blood avenger somehow gets into a city of refuge and kills the killer, is he subject to the death penalty?

We know that a Goel haDam (blood avenger) has a special allowance to kill the rotzeach who accidentally killed his family member. The accidental rotzeach can avoid this fate by fleeing to an ir miklat,...
5
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3answers
122 views

Rishon who holds killing in an upward motion is more negligent

The Mishnah (Makkos 2:1) teaches that someone who kills inadvertently is sent to exile, if and only if they killed in a downward motion. If it was in an upward motion, there is no exile. Is this ...
3
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1answer
109 views

How to understand Rashi's sudden reminder of the Beis Din shel Matto

Rashi in Makkos 4b comments on the words עדים זוממין אין צריכין התראה (false witnesses do not need fore warning to receive punishment), as follows: בכתובות אמרינן טעמא באלו נערות (דף לג.) נתרי בהו ...
6
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3answers
185 views

Sanhedrin/Makkot - One masechta?

I remember hearing that originally Sanhedrin and Makkot formed one masechta. This is also mentioned by Wikipedia (without citation) [Sanhedrin] originally formed one tractate with Makkot, which ...
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0answers
56 views

Murder by Machine

Say that Reuven is at the batting cages. After the machine turns off, Shimon flips it back on without Reuven knowing. A ball whacks Reuven in the head. Is Shimon liable for the resulting death? What ...
4
votes
1answer
152 views

Beged ishah for non-ervah purposes

The reason given for the issur of beged ishah/beged ish is because it's a "toeivah" before Hashem (Devarim 22:5). The Gemara (Nazir 59a) learns from this that the issur is only for a man to dress up ...
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0answers
103 views

Help finding a Noam Elimelech

I recently finished Meseches Makkos and went through the Agadetahs (Summed up very quickly) of when Raban Gamliel, Rabbi Elazar Ben Azaria, Rabbi Yehoshua and Rabbi Akiva were together and Rabbi Akiva ...
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1answer
40 views

Makkot 7a: מעגילה

The Mishnah mentioned some sort of roller to spread plaster over rooftops. Why is this called מעגילה especially since it only called that way on the way down?
1
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1answer
51 views

Why repeat עקיבא נחמתנו?

On the last Amud of Maseches Makkos, the three Rabbis in the story are inspired by the words of Rabbi Akiva and proclaim Maccoth 24b: בלשון הזה אמרו לו: עקיבא, ניחמתנו עקיבא, ניחמתנו. Said ...
5
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2answers
128 views

Arba Misos Beis Din- 1 Mitzvah or 4?

Tosfos on Makos 2a (Kol Hazomemin) brings a Tosefta which says that if you can't give someone their destined Arba Misos (meaning the one their Aveira warranted), you can give them a different one, ...
3
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1answer
112 views

Fear of shmitta and 10 year loans

The Gemara Makkos 3b says: א"ר יהודה אמר שמואל המלוה את חבירו לעשר שנים אין שביעית משמטתו ואע"ג דאתי לידי לא יגוש השתא מיהא לא קרינן ביה לא יגוש If someone who makes a loan only payable in 10 ...
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4answers
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Hitting your child as a disciplinary/educational measure - modern opinions

Shemos Rabbah (Shemos parsha 1) and a gemara in Makos (8a) both seem to indicate that physically striking a child/student is a positive thing to do in terms of discipline/education. My question is: ...
4
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0answers
71 views

Doctor's mistake and homicide

The mishnah in Makkos (beginning of 2nd chapter) teaches that if the person inadvertently killed someone through performing a mitzvah, the murder is exempt from the punishment of exile, which I ...
1
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1answer
194 views

Story with Rav Safra — halacha l'maseh?

The following story is brought down in Rashi in Makkos Daf 24a (Found in Sha'iltas D'Rav Ahai Gaon) והכי הוה עובדא דרב ספרא היה לו חפץ אחד למכור ובא אדם אחד לפניו בשעה שהיה קורא ק"ש ואמר לו תן לי ...
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5answers
732 views

Did courts ever execute?

The laws of capital crimes elucidated in Sanhedrin and elsewhere make conviction very unlikely. Makkot 1:10 famously tells us that a court that executes once in seven years is considered "destructive",...