Questions tagged [shema]

Shema refers to a prayer, named Shema after its first word. It is traditionally said 3 times a day: in the morning and evening prayers, and before retiring at night. Shema may refer to the first verse (Deut. 6:4), the longer version which includes Deut. 6:5-9, 11:13-21 and Num. 15:37-41, or the even longer prayer said before bed.

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Qriat Shema Al Hamita, mizmorim

In Gemara Shevuot 15b, they explain how is the process to extend the surface of Yerushalaim and its Qedusha. One of the things is to recite the Psalm 91 up to the word Machsi (see hagahot Hagra, see ...
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What is the correct Ashkenaz nusach for the bracha of hamapil?

When I google the Hamapil bracha to say at night, the version I always come upon is this: https://www.tefillos.com/krias_shema.asp In my Artscroll siddur, the nusach is different, as the words before ...
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Why do we change the order?

In the brochos before the Shema we have the in הַמֵּאִיר לָאָרֶץ the phrase וּבְטוּבו מְחַדֵּשׁ בְּכָל יום תָּמִיד מַעֲשֵׂה בְרֵאשִׁית with the word וּבְטוּבו the first word in that phrase. We then ...
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Why do people go by the Gra for the zman of kriat shema?

The Shema is a mitzvah d'oraita. So how is it that we can go by the later time of the Gra for sof zman kriat shema rather than the earlier time of the Magen Avraham? It seems to me that this is a real ...
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What is the proper procedure for the evening Shema when one is also ready to recite Shema al HaMita?

If a person has already davened maariv before the time for shema and needs to say it now at night, and also needs to say Kriat Shema al HaMita before retiring, what is the proper way he/she should say ...
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Mercy and Strict Judgment are both mercy

In Parsha In Pink on Parshas Va'eschanan, the author cites a Ramchal that gives a beautiful insight into the Passuk of Shema Yisrael (Devarim 6:4). שמע ישראל יהוה אלהינו יהוה אחד YKVK represents ...
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Should you recite amen after Ahava Rabbah?

I have seen the practice of people saying the bracha of Ahava Rabbah along with the chazzan, and going straight into Shema without answering amen. I have also seen people answer amen to this bracha. ...
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Why is the first bracha after Yishtabach not a bracha?

In any checklist for saying 100 brachos a day, and based on the fact that we do not answer amen, why is the bracha that ends in "oseh shalom u'voreh es hakol" not considered a bracha? It is not ...
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Word count methods

I asked a question about the orthography of two words in the last chapter of the Shema, and I started to wonder, whether the presence of a maqaf mattered with respect to word count. And if you ...
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Cantillation of the last chapter of Shema

It just caught my eyes that in the Artscroll siddur I use in the synagogue writes Bemidbar 15:39 the following way: וְהָיָ֣ה לָכֶם֮ לְצִיצִת֒ וּרְאִיתֶ֣ם אֹת֗וֹ וּזְכַרְתֶּם֙ אֶת־כָּל־מִצְוֺ֣ת ...
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Why does Rashi explain where yoke of Mitzvos is discussed in Parshas Tzitzis?

Berachos 12b: פָּרָשַׁת צִיצִית מִפְּנֵי מָה קְבָעוּהָ? אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוּדָה בַּר חֲבִיבָא, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁיֵּשׁ בָּהּ חֲמִשָּׁה דְּבָרִים: מִצְוַת צִיצִית, יְצִיאַת מִצְרַיִם, עוֹל מִצְוֹת, וְדַעַת ...
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Are there five or six reasons why Parshas Tzitzis was added to Shema?

Berachos 12b: פָּרָשַׁת צִיצִית מִפְּנֵי מָה קְבָעוּהָ? אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוּדָה בַּר חֲבִיבָא, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁיֵּשׁ בָּהּ חֲמִשָּׁה דְּבָרִים: מִצְוַת צִיצִית, יְצִיאַת מִצְרַיִם, עוֹל מִצְוֹת, וְדַעַת ...
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Meaning of the word “Yisrael” when reciting Shema

Since is an absolute Halachic requirement to have in mind the meaning of the words in the first verse of the Shema, when reciting it morning and evening, I ask what is the correct or proper meaning to ...
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No Shema' at the end of Shirat haYam?

Over the last several years, I have noticed that most schuls in the US do not recite the pasuk of שמע ישרﭏ at the end of Shirat haYam in Pesukei deZimrah, while every Nusach Ashkenaz siddur I've seen (...
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Why is omitting the nighttime Shema called an “aveirah” and not a “bittul aseh?” (Berachos 2a)

The mishnah on Berachos 2a teaches us that according to Chachamim one can say Krias Shema until chatzos ("midnight"). The mishnah proceeds to tell us that anytime Chachamim say a mitzvah can ...
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Is a blind person required to cover their eyes during Shema?

During the Shema we cover our eyes. The act implies that one is shielding their sight during the prayer. If an individual happens to be blind, are they still required to do this as a symbolic action ...
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Rambam and Bahag disagree about the mitzvah of Shema?

The Rambam wrote his Sefer HaMitzvos as a polemic against the Bahag's selection of the 613 mitzvos (as is clear from reading his Shorashim). They have many disagreements, which the Rambam lays out in ...
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For things that can be said in any language, how fully must you understand the language?

Sotah 7:1 gives a list of things that are said in any language, including the Sh'ma and the t'filah. Several commentaries I've seen explain that these texts are so important that you need to ...
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Circular reasoning in deriving the time that kohanim can eat terumah and the time that the evening Shema can be recited

The very first Mishnah (Berachot 1:1) states that the earliest time for the recitation of the evening Shema is the time that kohanim can eat terumah: מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה שהכהנים נכנסים ...
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Change of the heart

In some places (like Mishlei 3:3 and 7:3) our hearts are compared to luchot (tablets) on which one should inscribe the words of HaShem. In another places our hearts should be circumcised: Devarim 10:...
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How does this explanation in Aruch Hashulchan address the issues regarding Shema times?

In this answer I cited R. Yechiel Michel Epstein's explanation for rejecting R. Yaakov of Karlin's suggestion that the times for Shema are not based on sha'ot zemaniot. In truth, however, I don't ...
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Why does the Reform Siddur cut out most of Krias Shema?

I noticed recently that for Krias Shema, Reform Jews only say the first paragraph (V'ahavta) and the last couple verses of the third paragraph (for an example: scroll down to page 18). I know the ...
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What is the minimal requirement to fulfill the mitzvah of reading Shema?

About a week ago, I saw in a siddur (might have been Koren) an instruction above the 1st Shema said as part of Birkot Hashachar stating that one should recite the 1st paragraph Ve'ahavta at this point ...
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How do we know that Shema is a time-based obligation and not an event-based obligation?

The time for reciting Shema is discussed in the Mishnah and various tannaic opinions are given, both for the morning Shema and for the evening Shema: Berachot 2a מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה ...
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Women and the 248 words in Shema

The Shulchan Aruch (OC 61:3) brings from the Zohar that there are 245 words in the three paragraphs of the Shema that we say. Since there are 248 limbs in a person's body, the SA and the Rema provide ...
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The Vav of Veahavta in the first perek of Shema

What are the explanations of the Vav of Veahavta in the Shema as it comes to add something?
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What is the significance of oil?

The Shema Prayer (Hear o’ Israel the Lord is God and God is One) is considered Judaism’s declaration of faith in God. Deuteronomy 7:13, quoted from Chabad.org, reads “And He will love you and bless ...
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Swaying during the first verse of Shema

It is common (at least as far as I have seen) for people to sway while praying. However, while saying the first verse of Shema, one musn't do anything else, even walking is forbidden (Shulchan Aruch ...
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What constitutes the Shema?

In wanting to add a Jewish practice, I am now saying the Shema daily. (It is nice to know that is a mitzvah explicitly in the Torah.) What is the "actual" Shema. When I was a kid (Reform) we would ...
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Can saying Sh'ma once satisfy two different Sh'ma obligations?

In an extenuating circumstance, one can say the night time K'riyat Sh'ma until Netz, as per this statement: If one didn’t say it then, make sure to complete it by Chatzot (midnight) and after the ...
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Reciting Shema in English

Is there any halachic requirement for the Shema to be recited in Hebrew only? I searched to make sure this was not a duplicate question and only found one that asks when reciting the Shema in English ...
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If one is in doubt whether they had already recited maariv should they say the blessings of shema with the shema or not?

one reason one might not do so is that the blessings of shema were instituted by the rabbis and with a safek d'rabanin one is often linient against a safek d'orysa (bracha levatala) one reason one ...
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Do you need to say Krias Shema Shel Hamitah if you don't go to sleep at night?

If you work the night shift and always go to sleep during the day do you say Krias Shema Shel Hamitah? Edit: Question is mostly about the actual Shema, the brachos seems like people mostly saying you ...
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Tzitzis when reciting Shema? [closed]

Are there halachic sources stating one must wear tzitzis when reciting the Shema or is this minhag?
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Are glasses a barrier before erva for “Sh'ma”?

One cannot say "Sh'ma" facing someone undressed. Even if the prospective "Sh'ma" reciter closes his eyes, it's insufficient according to many. However, if the person is covered by clear clothing or ...
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Why in the V'ahavta does U'vShacbacha (when you lie down) come before U'vkumecha (when you rise up)?

The order would be more logical if it was when you rise up comes before when you lie down. What do the mfarshim say about this?
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Late emergence of 3 stars and Shema repetition

Orach Chayim 235:1 rules that one has to repeat Shema after the emergence of 3 stars (tzeit kochavim) if prayed earlier in the evening. Many don't wait until tzeit in the summer on Fridays, pray ...
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Line break before למען ירבו ימיכם

In most of my prayer books there is a line break before למען ירבו ימיכם in the second chapter of the Shema (see also this one from Vilna or Zhytomyr): וְהָיָ֗ה אִם־שָׁמֹ֤עַ תִּשְׁמְעוּ֙ אֶל־...
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Bedtime Shema and אל מלך נאמן

Orach Chayim 61:3 (based on Berakhot 60b) says that the chazan should repeat ה' אלהיכם אמת after the 245 words of the Shema, in order to have 248 words in total, which corresponds to the traditional ...
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Answering phone during Kerias Shema

There are various rules pertaining to interruptions during the recitation of Shema. As first formulated in the Mishnah (Berachos 13a), there are certain interruptions that are allowed for "honor" and ...
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What is the Hebrew text for this prayer?

According to the Wikipedia article about the Christian "Lord's Prayer," A blessing said by some Jewish communities after the evening Shema includes a phrase quite similar to the opening of the Lord'...
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pray for recently passed away parent [closed]

I am not an observant Jew but I was confirmed and bar mitzvahed in a reform synagogue. I want to pray for my father who passed away 10 days ago. I would like to pray several times a day or more if ...
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Understanding G-d's unity [duplicate]

I recently learned according to the Torah ("Shema Isroel, Hashem is our God, Hashem is one"), that G-D is one and single. Please help me understand this unity.
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Why is remembering the Exodus fulfilled by Shema and not first parashah of tefillin or Song of the Sea?

I was taught we fulfill the daily commandment to remember the exodus from Egypt at the end of the Shema, when we read: אֲנִ֞י יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶ֗ם אֲשֶׁ֨ר הוֹצֵ֤אתִי אֶתְכֶם֙ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם ...
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Source (Ashkenazi) for kissing Tefillin at Bracha of Yotzer Or?

The Ashkenazi ArtScroll Siddur says to kiss your Shel Yad at “Yotzer Or” and Shel Rosh at “Borei Choshech”. What’s the source for this?
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Does one need to fulfill the 248 words when reciting Shema outside the timeframe of Kri'at Shema?

O.C. 61:3 states that one should recite a total of 248 words when saying Kri'at Shema. As there are only 245 words, the last 3 words are fulfilled by listening to the Shat'z repeat the ה אלקיכם אמת. ...
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how is the Sh'ma used?

I have seen books (to be honest they were novels) like Bodie Thoene use the SH'ma as if its used in battle, or it gave them a sense of strength in peace time, like a reminder. Like in America they say ...
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Kissing your fingertips at Shma?

I’ve seen a lot of women (mostly Israeli) kiss their fingertips after covering their eyes for Shma. Is there a source for it or is that just another minhag that got picked up for no reason at all? I’...
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Why does Rambam spell it as קרית שמע?

Throughout the Mishneh Torah, Rambam spells the term for the recitation of Shema, without an א, as קרית שמע, even though the Aleph is part of the root of the word. To my knowledge, there is no ...
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Is it halachically ok to put up a printed copy of the Shema?

Obviously printing out a copy of the Shema would not be acceptable for a mezuzah etc - but suppose I wanted to print out a copy of the shema in Hebrew (either a photocopy of a scroll or just a digital ...