Questions tagged [shema]

Shema refers to a prayer, named Shema after its first word. It is traditionally said 3 times a day: in the morning and evening prayers, and before retiring at night. Shema may refer to the first verse (Deut. 6:4), the longer version which includes Deut. 6:5-9, 11:13-21 and Num. 15:37-41, or the even longer prayer said before bed.

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How to hold tzitzit and siddur when reading the Shema?

The ArtScroll siddur says to hold the tzitzit in the left hand for the first two paragraphs of the Shema and then to hold them in both hands for the third paragraph (and a bit more). My question is, ...
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1 answer
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Distracted While Reciting First Verse of Shema

If one is saying the Shema, got distracted while reciting the first verse, but then finished the rest of the shema into the time after the zeman, do they have to recite it again because of being ...
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Kriyat Shema After Deadline [duplicate]

If one started The Shema before the zeman, however the recitation extends into the time after the zeman, can one still finish The Shema?
5 votes
1 answer
206 views

What is the rationale for holding tzitzit in left and then right hand during Shema?

The Artscroll siddur says to hold the tzitzit in the left hand for the first two paragraphs of the morning shema and then also in the right hand for the 3rd paragraph. What is the rationale for this ...
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1 vote
2 answers
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Is the Mishna making the dresha from מְאֹד or , מוֹדֵד, מִדָּה?

דָּבָר אַחֵר בְּכָל מְאֹדֶךָ, בְּכָל מִדָּה וּמִדָּה שֶׁהוּא מוֹדֵד לְךָ הֱוֵי מוֹדֶה לוֹ בִּמְאֹד מְאֹד (Berachos 9:5) This is one of the Mishnah's explanations of the phrase in the Pasuk we say ...
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Why doesn’t this Gemara include בכל לבבך

So the Talmud in Berachot 61b asks why the Shema states to serve Hashem “with all your money” if it already says “with all your soul” and vice versa. And they answer that “all your soul” refers to ...
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In Meseches Tamid 31b why are the karbonos interupted for shema?

https://www.sefaria.org/Tamid.31b.1?lang=bi&with=all&lang2=en There is a very detailed description of how the animal is cut up, exactly how the kohanim are to hold it, and then all of the ...
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1 answer
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Shema Text not consistent

In the first paragraph of the Shema we say you need to love Hashem בכל לבבך ובכך נפשך ובכל מאדך, to love Hashem with all your heart, soul, and resources. But in the second paragraph of Shema, it says “...
1 vote
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Yotzei for Kerias Shema before bed from Maariv shema?

Can you be yotzei for the Kerias Shema before bed from the Maariv shema if you daven maariv right before going to bed? Is this bedieved? Should you avoid davening maariv right before bed? Couldn't ...
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Origins of kriat shema [duplicate]

I'm looking for sources that discuss when it became a common practice to recite the shema. The gemara in berakhot says "m'eimotai korin et shema", when do we recite the shema, but doesn't ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Does one say “emes” at night?

When saying Kriat Shema Al Hamita, if one were saying all three paragraphs, would they said “emes” at the end? It seems to me that the reason we say “emes” is to attach it to the next paragraph, which ...
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Being יוצא with the chazzan saying - ה' אלוקיכם אמת, if I am not up to Kerias Shema yet

Kerias Shema consists of only 245 words. In order to say 248 words in , the chazzan repeats the words "ה' אלוקיכם אמת". If one davens without a minyan one should say "אל מלך נאמן" ...
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5 votes
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Why we have to say Keriat Shma on the bed in the Sukkah?

It is known that on Passover night the custom is not to say Keriat Shma on the bed since it is called Shimurim night - a night that is preserved from the 'bad winds' (Mazikim). We don't put a Mezuza ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is cantillation with Kriyat Shema required?

Is one required to recite Kriyat Shema with the tune of Torah reading? I know it says so in Talmidei Rabbenu Yonah on the Rif Brachoth 8b, however, as someone who learned Hebrew later in life, it is ...
4 votes
1 answer
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Shema vs Shabbos Candle Lighting

Can anyone possibly enlighten me as to why when reciting the first verse of Shema one covers their eyes using one hand (the right hand) as opposed to when lighting Shabbos candles one is to cover ...
5 votes
1 answer
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ולא תתורו: kadma veazla or azla-geresh?

In the third parashah of Shema' (maftir from P' Shelach) we have a divergence of cantillation on the words ולא תתורו. In R' Wolf Heidenheim (see Koren for a contempary example) these words are ...
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Does one who has no intention of sleeping say the blessing of Hashkivaynu after the evening Shema?

Does one who has no intention of sleeping during the night say the blessing of Hashkivaynu after the evening Shema?
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1 answer
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Can you accidentally be mikayim the morning Shema?

If you say Shema in the morning, before davening oficially starts, as part of pesukdei d'zimra, and had no intention other than just saying the words, will you fulfill the mitzvah? 2 follow ups: does ...
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Shema Before Zman If Shul Starts After Zman

I heard that a person should say all 3 paragraphs of Shema before sof z'man kriyat sh'ma if their shul starts after sof z'man kriyat sh'ma. What's the source for the need to say all three p'rakim to ...
3 votes
1 answer
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Shema in Pesukei D'zimra

When one says Shema in korbanot, is he yotzei in the mitzvah of Kriyat Shema? Its best to say shema with its brachot; however, if one were to fulfill the mitzvah of Shema by saying the verse in ...
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1 vote
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Quality of Sh'ma repeated in its proper time

Often, I find myself at a ma'ariv minyan that meets before "nightfall" and someone invariably makes the announcement that we should all remember to repeat the sh'ma after tzeit hakochavim. I ...
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1 vote
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Saying Shema without tzitzit considered שֶׁקֶר?

Struggling to understand the logic of Shulchan Aruch Harav: Chapter 8:1 "Whoever recites Shema without wearing tzitzit is giving false testimony." (כָּל הַקּוֹרֵא "קְרִיאַת שְׁמַע" בְּלֹא צִיצִית – ...
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Qriat Shema Al Hamita, mizmorim

In Gemara Shevuot 15b, they explain how is the process to extend the surface of Yerushalaim and its Qedusha. One of the things is to recite the Psalm 91 up to the word Machsi (see hagahot Hagra, see ...
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1 vote
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What is the correct Ashkenaz nusach for the bracha of hamapil?

When I google the Hamapil bracha to say at night, the version I always come upon is this: https://www.tefillos.com/krias_shema.asp In my Artscroll siddur, the nusach is different, as the words before ...
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1 answer
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Why do we change the order?

In the brochos before the Shema we have the in הַמֵּאִיר לָאָרֶץ the phrase וּבְטוּבו מְחַדֵּשׁ בְּכָל יום תָּמִיד מַעֲשֵׂה בְרֵאשִׁית with the word וּבְטוּבו the first word in that phrase. We then ...
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Why do people go by the Gra for the zman of kriat shema?

The Shema is a mitzvah d'oraita. So how is it that we can go by the later time of the Gra for sof zman kriat shema rather than the earlier time of the Magen Avraham? It seems to me that this is a real ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What is the proper procedure for the evening Shema when one is also ready to recite Shema al HaMita?

If a person has already davened maariv before the time for shema and needs to say it now at night, and also needs to say Kriat Shema al HaMita before retiring, what is the proper way he/she should say ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Mercy and Strict Judgment are both mercy

In Parsha In Pink on Parshas Va'eschanan, the author cites a Ramchal that gives a beautiful insight into the Passuk of Shema Yisrael (Devarim 6:4). שמע ישראל יהוה אלהינו יהוה אחד YKVK represents ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Should you recite amen after Ahava Rabbah?

I have seen the practice of people saying the bracha of Ahava Rabbah along with the chazzan, and going straight into Shema without answering amen. I have also seen people answer amen to this bracha. ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Why is the first bracha after Yishtabach not a bracha?

In any checklist for saying 100 brachos a day, and based on the fact that we do not answer amen, why is the bracha that ends in "oseh shalom u'voreh es hakol" not considered a bracha? It is not ...
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1 answer
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Word count methods

I asked a question about the orthography of two words in the last chapter of the Shema, and I started to wonder, whether the presence of a maqaf mattered with respect to word count. And if you ...
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Cantillation of the last chapter of Shema

It just caught my eyes that in the Artscroll siddur I use in the synagogue writes Bemidbar 15:39 the following way: וְהָיָ֣ה לָכֶם֮ לְצִיצִת֒ וּרְאִיתֶ֣ם אֹת֗וֹ וּזְכַרְתֶּם֙ אֶת־כָּל־מִצְוֺ֣ת ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Why does Rashi explain where yoke of Mitzvos is discussed in Parshas Tzitzis?

Berachos 12b: פָּרָשַׁת צִיצִית מִפְּנֵי מָה קְבָעוּהָ? אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוּדָה בַּר חֲבִיבָא, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁיֵּשׁ בָּהּ חֲמִשָּׁה דְּבָרִים: מִצְוַת צִיצִית, יְצִיאַת מִצְרַיִם, עוֹל מִצְוֹת, וְדַעַת ...
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7 votes
1 answer
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Are there five or six reasons why Parshas Tzitzis was added to Shema?

Berachos 12b: פָּרָשַׁת צִיצִית מִפְּנֵי מָה קְבָעוּהָ? אָמַר רַבִּי יְהוּדָה בַּר חֲבִיבָא, מִפְּנֵי שֶׁיֵּשׁ בָּהּ חֲמִשָּׁה דְּבָרִים: מִצְוַת צִיצִית, יְצִיאַת מִצְרַיִם, עוֹל מִצְוֹת, וְדַעַת ...
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4 votes
2 answers
191 views

Meaning of the word "Yisrael" when reciting Shema

Since is an absolute Halachic requirement to have in mind the meaning of the words in the first verse of the Shema, when reciting it morning and evening, I ask what is the correct or proper meaning to ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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No Shema' at the end of Shirat haYam?

Over the last several years, I have noticed that most schuls in the US do not recite the pasuk of שמע ישרﭏ at the end of Shirat haYam in Pesukei deZimrah, while every Nusach Ashkenaz siddur I've seen (...
2 votes
1 answer
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Why is omitting the nighttime Shema called an "aveirah" and not a "bittul aseh?" (Berachos 2a)

The mishnah on Berachos 2a teaches us that according to Chachamim one can say Krias Shema until chatzos ("midnight"). The mishnah proceeds to tell us that anytime Chachamim say a mitzvah can ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Is a blind person required to cover their eyes during Shema?

During the Shema we cover our eyes. The act implies that one is shielding their sight during the prayer. If an individual happens to be blind, are they still required to do this as a symbolic action ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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Rambam and Bahag disagree about the mitzvah of Shema?

The Rambam wrote his Sefer HaMitzvos as a polemic against the Bahag's selection of the 613 mitzvos (as is clear from reading his Shorashim). They have many disagreements, which the Rambam lays out in ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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For things that can be said in any language, how fully must you understand the language?

Sotah 7:1 gives a list of things that are said in any language, including the Sh'ma and the t'filah. Several commentaries I've seen explain that these texts are so important that you need to ...
4 votes
1 answer
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Circular reasoning in deriving the time that kohanim can eat terumah and the time that the evening Shema can be recited

The very first Mishnah (Berachot 1:1) states that the earliest time for the recitation of the evening Shema is the time that kohanim can eat terumah: מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה שהכהנים נכנסים ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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Change of the heart

In some places (like Mishlei 3:3 and 7:3) our hearts are compared to luchot (tablets) on which one should inscribe the words of HaShem. In another places our hearts should be circumcised: Devarim 10:...
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6 votes
1 answer
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How does this explanation in Aruch Hashulchan address the issues regarding Shema times?

In this answer I cited R. Yechiel Michel Epstein's explanation for rejecting R. Yaakov of Karlin's suggestion that the times for Shema are not based on sha'ot zemaniot. In truth, however, I don't ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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Why does the Reform Siddur cut out most of Krias Shema?

I noticed recently that for Krias Shema, Reform Jews only say the first paragraph (V'ahavta) and the last couple verses of the third paragraph (for an example: scroll down to page 18). I know the ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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What is the minimal requirement to fulfill the mitzvah of reading Shema?

About a week ago, I saw in a siddur (might have been Koren) an instruction above the 1st Shema said as part of Birkot Hashachar stating that one should recite the 1st paragraph Ve'ahavta at this point ...
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6 votes
0 answers
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How do we know that Shema is a time-based obligation and not an event-based obligation?

The time for reciting Shema is discussed in the Mishnah and various tannaic opinions are given, both for the morning Shema and for the evening Shema: Berachot 2a מאימתי קורין את שמע בערבין משעה ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Women and the 248 words in Shema

The Shulchan Aruch (OC 61:3) brings from the Zohar that there are 245 words in the three paragraphs of the Shema that we say. Since there are 248 limbs in a person's body, the SA and the Rema provide ...
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2 answers
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The Vav of Veahavta in the first perek of Shema

What are the explanations of the Vav of Veahavta in the Shema as it comes to add something?
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1 answer
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What is the significance of oil?

The Shema Prayer (Hear o’ Israel the Lord is God and God is One) is considered Judaism’s declaration of faith in God. Deuteronomy 7:13, quoted from Chabad.org, reads “And He will love you and bless ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Swaying during the first verse of Shema

It is common (at least as far as I have seen) for people to sway while praying. However, while saying the first verse of Shema, one musn't do anything else, even walking is forbidden (Shulchan Aruch ...
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