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Questions tagged [shema]

Shema refers to a prayer, named Shema after its first word. It is traditionally said 3 times a day: in the morning and evening prayers, and before retiring at night. Shema may refer to the first verse (Deut. 6:4), the longer version which includes Deut. 6:5-9, 11:13-21 and Num. 15:37-41, or the even ...

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Swaying during the first verse of Shema

It is common (at least as far as I have seen) for people to sway while praying. However, while saying the first verse of Shema, one musn't do anything else, even walking is forbidden (Shulchan Aruch ...
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What constitutes the Shema?

In wanting to add a Jewish practice, I am now saying the Shema daily. (It is nice to know that is a mitzvah explicitly in the Torah.) What is the "actual" Shema. When I was a kid (Reform) we would ...
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Can saying Sh'ma once satisfy two different Sh'ma obligations?

In an extenuating circumstance, one can say the night time K'riyat Sh'ma until Netz, as per this statement: If one didn’t say it then, make sure to complete it by Chatzot (midnight) and after the ...
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Reciting Shema in English

Is there any halachic requirement for the Shema to be recited in Hebrew only? I searched to make sure this was not a duplicate question and only found one that asks when reciting the Shema in English ...
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If one is in doubt whether they had already recited maariv should they say the blessings of shema with the shema or not?

one reason one might not do so is that the blessings of shema were instituted by the rabbis and with a safek d'rabanin one is often linient against a safek d'orysa (bracha levatala) one reason one ...
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Do you need to say Krias Shema Shel Hamitah if you don't go to sleep at night?

If you work the night shift and always go to sleep during the day do you say Krias Shema Shel Hamitah? Edit: Question is mostly about the actual Shema, the brachos seems like people mostly saying you ...
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Tzitzis when reciting Shema? [closed]

Are there halachic sources stating one must wear tzitzis when reciting the Shema or is this minhag?
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Are glasses a barrier before erva for “Sh'ma”?

One cannot say "Sh'ma" facing someone undressed. Even if the prospective "Sh'ma" reciter closes his eyes, it's insufficient according to many. However, if the person is covered by clear clothing or ...
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Why in the V'ahavta does U'vShacbacha (when you lie down) come before U'vkumecha (when you rise up)?

The order would be more logical if it was when you rise up comes before when you lie down. What do the mfarshim say about this?
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Late emergence of 3 stars and Shema repetition

Orach Chayim 235:1 rules that one has to repeat Shema after the emergence of 3 stars (tzeit kochavim) if prayed earlier in the evening. Many don't wait until tzeit in the summer on Fridays, pray ...
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Line break before למען ירבו ימיכם

In most of my prayer books there is a line break before למען ירבו ימיכם in the second chapter of the Shema (see also this one from Vilna or Zhytomyr): וְהָיָ֗ה אִם־שָׁמֹ֤עַ תִּשְׁמְעוּ֙ אֶל־...
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Bedtime Shema and אל מלך נאמן

Orach Chayim 61:3 (based on Berakhot 60b) says that the chazan should repeat ה' אלהיכם אמת after the 245 words of the Shema, in order to have 248 words in total, which corresponds to the traditional ...
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Answering phone during Kerias Shema

There are various rules pertaining to interruptions during the recitation of Shema. As first formulated in the Mishnah (Berachos 13a), there are certain interruptions that are allowed for "honor" and ...
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What is the Hebrew text for this prayer?

According to the Wikipedia article about the Christian "Lord's Prayer," A blessing said by some Jewish communities after the evening Shema includes a phrase quite similar to the opening of the Lord'...
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pray for recently passed away parent [closed]

I am not an observant Jew but I was confirmed and bar mitzvahed in a reform synagogue. I want to pray for my father who passed away 10 days ago. I would like to pray several times a day or more if ...
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Understanding G-d's unity [duplicate]

I recently learned according to the Torah ("Shema Isroel, Hashem is our God, Hashem is one"), that G-D is one and single. Please help me understand this unity.
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Why is remembering the Exodus fulfilled by Shema and not first parashah of tefillin or Song of the Sea?

I was taught we fulfill the daily commandment to remember the exodus from Egypt at the end of the Shema, when we read: אֲנִ֞י יְהוָ֣ה אֱלֹֽהֵיכֶ֗ם אֲשֶׁ֨ר הוֹצֵ֤אתִי אֶתְכֶם֙ מֵאֶ֣רֶץ מִצְרַ֔יִם ...
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Source (Ashkenazi) for kissing Tefillin at Bracha of Yotzer Or?

The Ashkenazi ArtScroll Siddur says to kiss your Shel Yad at “Yotzer Or” and Shel Rosh at “Borei Choshech”. What’s the source for this?
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Does one need to fulfill the 248 words when reciting Shema outside the timeframe of Kri'at Shema?

O.C. 61:3 states that one should recite a total of 248 words when saying Kri'at Shema. As there are only 245 words, the last 3 words are fulfilled by listening to the Shat'z repeat the ה אלקיכם אמת. ...
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how is the Sh'ma used?

I have seen books (to be honest they were novels) like Bodie Thoene use the SH'ma as if its used in battle, or it gave them a sense of strength in peace time, like a reminder. Like in America they say ...
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Kissing your fingertips at Shma?

I’ve seen a lot of women (mostly Israeli) kiss their fingertips after covering their eyes for Shma. Is there a source for it or is that just another minhag that got picked up for no reason at all? I’...
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Why does Rambam spell it as קרית שמע?

Throughout the Mishneh Torah, Rambam spells the term for the recitation of Shema, without an א, as קרית שמע, even though the Aleph is part of the root of the word. To my knowledge, there is no ...
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Is it halachically ok to put up a printed copy of the Shema?

Obviously printing out a copy of the Shema would not be acceptable for a mezuzah etc - but suppose I wanted to print out a copy of the shema in Hebrew (either a photocopy of a scroll or just a digital ...
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Saying Kiriat Shema after the sof ziman on Tisha B'av [duplicate]

The Mishnah in Brachot 1:2 tells us that: הַקּוֹרֵא מִכָּאן וְאֵילָךְ לֹא הִפְסִיד, כְּאָדָם הַקּוֹרֵא בַתּוֹרָה: If one recites [Shema] later than this (The third hour), he has not lost out, [...
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Was the Shema Changed?

I remember reading a statement that the third paragraph of the Shema was changed to a different paragraph from the Torah that we now use. The reasoning I read was that it was a measure against the ...
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Where do i insert vidui in bedtime shema?

I have read about the importance of saying vidui in the bedtime shema and I would like to start, but I daven nusach ashkenaz whuch doesn't include vidui. Where should i insert vidui?
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12 halachic hours – why no more halachic consequences?

In MyZmanim (and other luachs) one can find the latest time for reading Shema according to the calculation of the Magen Avraham and Baal HaTanya / Gra. One can (and should) decide which approach to ...
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Why do some people say the end of the 2nd bracha before Shema with the Shat"z?

I have noticed in many shuls (mainly Nusach Ashkenaz, though, I have seen in Nusach Sefard, as well) I have attended that some people conclude the end of the 2nd bracha before the Shema (Shacharit - ...
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When did Jews start reciting the Shema Prayer?

When did Jews start reciting the Shema Prayer? Was it before or after the Babylonian Captivity? Was it before The Exodus? Did Moses start the practice?
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Holding Tzitzis for Maariv [duplicate]

Why do we hold and kiss the tzitzis for "vayomer Hashem" in Kriyas Shema during Shacharis but not during Maariv? I have never seen a siddur that instructs you to do so during Maariv.
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If you say the shema after Plag but before three stars are out, how much needs to be repeated after?

AskMoses says Although one can pray the Maariv before nightfall, the Shema must be repeated after the stars appear. How many paragraphs of the Shema must be repeated, all three (i.e., all of it) ...
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How can Chachomim nullify my recitation of the evening Shema if I read it at a time permitted by the Torah?

The Mishnah Berurah (OC 235:30) writes: לא יצא וכו' - דאף דמן התורה קרינן בשכבך עד הנץ משום דאיכא עדיין מקצת אנשים דגנו בההיא שעתא מ"מ היכא דלא איתנס בטלו חכמים ממנו מצות ק"ש על שאיחר כ"כ ואינו ...
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Why is there a different version for the 1st bracha of Shacharit Shema on Shabbat?

The first blessing of the morning Shema (that ends in יוצר המאורות ) has two versions: Weekdays (which includes a יום טוב that does not coincide with Shabbat) has the paragraph המאיר לארץ . The ...
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What happened to “dividing the Shema”? [duplicate]

The Mishnah in Talmud Bavli Megilah 23b mentions something called פורס על שמע. Rash"i explains that the term פורס means "to divide". the idea, here, is that if there is a minyan of people who arrived ...
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forgiving people on the first night of Pesach

According to the Ezras Torah Luach, we only say the bracha of המפיל and the Shema itself for Kriat Shema al Hamita, skipping the rest, because Pesach is leil shimurim, when we don't need extra prayers ...
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“El melech ne'eman” not in Chabad siddurim

There is a common custom amongst many to recite the words אל מלך נאמן before Kriyas Shema when there is no minyan. However, in all Chabad siddurim I have davened from, this phrase is not there. ...
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Accidentally saying “El Melekh Neeman” when in a tzibbur

There is a very widespread custom of commencing one's recitation of the Shema with the three-word phrase, אל מלך נאמן, when davening alone, and of having the shaliach tzibbur repeat the last two words ...
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Volume of “Barukh Shem Kevod”, Relative to “Shema Yisrael”

When reciting the Shema, the prevalent custom is to say the first line ("shema yisrael... echad") out loud, and the following line ("barukh shem kevod...") in a whisper. This custom can be sourced in ...
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Common mistakes in the Tefillah [duplicate]

For obvious reasons, one has to be careful to pronounce every word properly in the Tefillah. But I was once taught by a teacher some common mistakes in the pronunciation of some words in the Amidah ...
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Where was Moses standing when he spoke the Shema?

Having a visual sometimes helps. When reading scripture I like to visualize it. I would like to be as accurate as possible. If we went back in time to the moment Moses said "Hear O Israel", and ...
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Saying shema before death in inappropriate circumstances

There are circumstances under which a person should not recite the Shema: if they are in the presence of naked people, if they are themselves undressed, if there is nearby fecal matter, if they need ...
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1answer
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Maariv After Bedtime Shema

Many a time I realize that I have forgotten to say Maariv in midst of reciting the bedtime Shema. Halachic Question: Is one permitted to Daven Maariv after saying ברוך המפיל?
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Fulfilling Kri'at Shema by reading it as a Torah reader

Let's say someone is a Torah reader. The weekly Torah portion is Va'etchanan, which contains the first pargraph of Kri'at Shema. He arrives in shul exactly at the time when he must start to read the ...
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1answer
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Megillah 4.6 — Why can't the blind recite the Shema with their benedictions (according to R. Judah)?

In Megillah 4.6, R. Judah says: "He that has never seen the light may not recite the Shema' with its Benedictions." I interpret "has never seen the light" as "blind" (rather than lacking inspiration ...
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Why do the siddurim ask us to gather all 4 tzitzis before saying Shema?

Shulchan Oruch Orach Chaim 24 (4, 5) says 4 Some have a custom to look at their Tzitzit when they reach the verse "And you shall see them," and to place [their Tzitzit] on their eyes. This is ...
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Love HaShem with lev, nefesh en me'od, why not something else or just lev and nefesh

Why does the command to love HaShem tells us to love him with all our lev, with all our nefesh and with all our me'od? Why doesn't the verse says or add something like, with all you neshama or with ...
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Why does it say to love HaShem meodecha

The verse of Devarim 6:5 reads: Love HaShem your G'd, with all your heart bechol levav'cha, with all your being uvechol nafshecha, and uvechol ... meodecha. If I'm correct it's the only place in the ...
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1answer
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Does Rambam contradict the Shema

Does Rambam teach one should not say "God is one" but rather "God is not multiplicity?" https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maimonides See segment labeled "Negative Theology."
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Can someone trying to convert have mezuzahs on his doorposts?

When one is going through an orthodox conversion, one is asked to keep all the mitzvoth with the exception of fully keeping the shabbos and putting Tefillin. I was wondering if this exception also ...
5
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1answer
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Reason for Sepharadi Qeri'at Shema' Custom

I have seen no small number of Sepharadim recite Qeri'at Shema' whilst covering their eyes in the fashion below (as opposed to what I assume is the predominant Ashkenazi custom of simply placing one's ...