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Questions tagged [isaiah-yeshaya-the-book]

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Why were the Egyptians judged for twelve lunar months, rather than solar ones?

Eduyos 2:10 lists several judgements which lasted for exactly twelve months: חֲמִשָּׁה דְבָרִים שֶׁל שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ. מִשְׁפַּט דּוֹר הַמַּבּוּל, שְׁנֵים עָשָׂר חֹדֶשׁ. מִשְׁפַּט אִיּוֹב, ...
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Who is Lucifer in Isaiah 14:11-14?

As the context isn't clear and I don't speak hebrew So I don't know what it's exactly about.
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Isaiah 29:13: lips that honour, but hearts that are far from HaShem?

Yeshayahu 29:13 reads: וַיֹּ֣אמֶר אֲדֹנָ֗י יַ֚עַן כִּ֤י נִגַּשׁ֙ הָעָ֣ם הַזֶּ֔ה בְּפִ֤יו וּבִשְׂפָתָיו֙ כִּבְּד֔וּנִי וְלִבּ֖וֹ רִחַ֣ק מִמֶּ֑נִּי וַתְּהִ֤י יִרְאָתָם֙ אֹתִ֔י מִצְוַ֥ת אֲנָשִׁ֖ים ...
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Why does the Gemara say Chizkiyahu didn't sing?

The Gemara in Sanhedrin 94a says that the reason Chizkiyahu was not the Mashiach is that he didn't sing after Hashem did miracles for him (Rashi adds that this refers to saving Yerushalayim from ...
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Isaiah's addressing of King Ahaz as “House of David”

In Isaiah 7, when Ahaz refuses to ask for a sign as instructed by Isaiah, why does the Prophet then address Ahaz by saying "O House of David" instead of Ahaz's name? Is Isaiah no longer addressing ...
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How can Isaiah 11:11 be fulfilled if many of the nations mentioned no longer have significant Jewish population?

Isaiah 11:11 יא  וְהָיָה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא, יוֹסִיף אֲדֹנָי שֵׁנִית יָדוֹ, לִקְנוֹת, אֶת-שְׁאָר עַמּוֹ--אֲשֶׁר יִשָּׁאֵר מֵאַשּׁוּר וּמִמִּצְרַיִם וּמִפַּתְרוֹס וּמִכּוּשׁ, וּמֵעֵילָם וּמִשִּׁנְעָר ...
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New heaven and earth?

Yeshayahu 65:17 (66:22): "כִּי־הִנְנִי בוֹרֵא שָׁמַיִם חֲדָשִׁים וָאָרֶץ חֲדָשָׁה וְלֹא תִזָּכַרְנָה הָרִאשֹׁנוֹת וְלֹא תַעֲלֶינָה עַל־לֵב׃ " writes about a new heaven and earth. Although I’m not ...
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Any connection between Isaiah 40:3 and the story of Ya'akov's name changed to Yisrael?

Regards the name changing from Ya'akov to Yisrael the Kli Yakar states that the name Yisrael comes from the word Yashar El, to be straight with G-d. This transformation is compared to Yeshayahu 40:4 '...
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How to define the Malach Panav from the book of Isaiah?

In Yeshayahu 63:9 there’s a mention of a ‘malach panav (מַלְאַךְ פָּנָיו)’, why is this malach refered to in this kind of way; why this specific entitlement; what does the combination of the words ...
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Is there any rabbinical support for the word “צַו” as used in Isaiah 28:10 to mean “connection”?

Is there any rabbinical support for the word "צַו" as used in Isaiah 28:10 to mean "connection"? The usual translation that one reads for "צַו לָצָו" is "precept upon precept". Did any of the rabbis ...
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Question regarding the usage of two of G-d's names in Isaiah 55:7

Part of Yeshayahu 55:7 says: וישוב אל ה וירחמהו ואל אל-הינו כי ירבה לסלוח Loose translation - "He shall to return to Adonai and he will be merciful to him and to Eloheinu, for he is abundant to ...
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Trees and Rivers clapping palms - same or different meaning?

There are two references that I can think of (please edit in others) that refer to nature "clapping palms": Trees - mentioned in Yeshayahu (Isaiah) 55:12 Rivers - mentioned in Tehillim (Psalms) 98:8 ...
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Why did HaShem allowed Yeshayahu to serve naked?

Maybe I misunderstood the verse, but Yeshayahu 20:3 teach us that Yeshayahu was a servant and walked naked and barefoot for three years. Why would HaShem allow him to do so? While Adam and Eve had to ...
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Warlike qualities of HaShem?

Exodus 15:3 The LORD, the Warrior - LORD is His name! (NJPS) Exodus 15:3 The LORD is a man of war, The LORD is His name (OJPS). I came across a note in "The commentators bible, the JPS miqra'ot ...
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Morning blessing before Shema - why “Borei et Hakol” and not “Borei Ra”?

The first blessing before the reading of the Shema in the morning prayer starts with בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה', אֱלהֵינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעולָם, יוצֵר אור וּבורֵא חשֶׁךְ. עשה שָׁלום וּבורֵא אֶת הַכּל. ...
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Does someone who does teshuvah get answered only after he prays or even before?

The Rambam in hilchos teshuvah (7:7) states: כמה מעולה מעלת התשובה אמש היה זה מובדל מה' אלהי ישראל... צועק ואינו נענה שנאמר [גם] כי תרבו תפלה [אינני שומע ... והיום הוא מודבק בשכינה... צועק ונענה מיד ...
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What is “the day of the L-RD” found in Isaiah 13:6 and elsewhere and when does/did it occur?

What is "the day of the L-RD" found in Isaiah 13:6 and elsewhere and when does/did it occur?: JPS Tanakh 1917 Isaiah 13:6 Howl ye; for the day of the L-RD is at hand; As destruction from the ...
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What is the implication that Hashem is identified as our husband?

What is the implication that Hashem is identified as our husband? Why use a term that many cultures or humans define as a "sexual partner"? Isaiah 54:5 "כִּי בֹעֲלַיִךְ עֹשַׂיִךְ ה' צְבָאוֹת ...
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Yasis alayich, not yasos

The gemara in megillah 10b and Sanhedrin 39b make a diyuk from the word 'yasis', as opposed to 'yasos' in devarim 28,63 that Hashem makes our enemies happy when we sin but he himself is not happy. In ...
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Counting and naming the stars

Why does Hashem count and name the stars in Heaven? This is mentioned in the first Rashi on Shemot, see below. I would like an explanation on this... Quote from Rashi: And these are the names of the ...
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How can Jews still hope that they can hasten the arrival of Moshiach when Yeshaya 57:16 clearly rejects that notion altogether

How can Jews still hope that they can hasten the arrival of Moshiach when Yeshaya 57:16 clearly rejects that notion altogether? “For not forever will I fight, nor until eternity will I be angry, for ...
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Isaiah 57:15 The Dakah and Shaphal

Isaiah 57:15 reads: ואת-דכא ושפל-רוח להחיות רוח שפלים ולהחיות לב נדכאים Regards this part of the verse: What do the terms דכא and שפל literally and figuratively mean? - There are so many different ...
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Why a (enda)mem sofit לםרבה in Yishaya 9:6

I noticed during the reading of the haftorah of parshas Yisro that the word למרבה is spelled לםרבה,this is certainly a strange phenomenon since a mem sofit everywhere else is always at the end of the ...
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153 views

Why does prophet Isaiah believe the world is flat

Why does prophet Isaiah believe the world is flat? He will raise a banner for the nations and gather the exiles of Israel; he will assemble the scattered people of Judah from the four corners of the ...
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Yishayahu 56:7 – what is ביתי?

Inspired by the first comment here. Yishayahu 56:7 reads (Mechon Mamre): וַהֲבִֽיאוֹתִ֞ים אֶל־הַ֣ר קָדְשִׁ֗י וְשִׂמַּחְתִּים֙ בְּבֵ֣ית תְּפִלָּתִ֔י עוֹלֹֽתֵיהֶ֧ם וְזִבְחֵיהֶ֛ם לְרָצ֖וֹן עַֽל־...
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Were there multiple Isaiahs?

Modern scholarship recognizes multiple authors of the book of Isaiah. While Isaiah 1-39 is attributed to the pre-exilic Isaiah ben Ammoz, Isaiah 40-66 is attributed to one or more later prophets ...
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Gather all Jews back to the Land of Israel?

Gather all Jews back to the Land of Israel (Isaiah 43:5-6). Does everyone in Judaism agree that we are talking about the geographic Land of Israel as it is right now or at some time in history (the ...
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227 views

Reading God's 4 letter name

In both the Torah reading and הפטרה of פרשת עקב (from 49th and 50th chapters of ישעיה), we find some examples of when the written word in the Torah or Prophets scroll is the four letter name of God, ...
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Isaiah 53 How does Israel's suffering atone for the sins of the nations?

Isaiah 53:4 Indeed, he bore our illnesses, and our pains-he carried them, yet we accounted him as plagued, smitten by God and oppressed. דאָכֵן חֳלָיֵנוּ הוּא נָשָׂא וּמַכְאֹבֵינוּ סְבָלָם וַאֲנַחְנוּ ...
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What's special about grasshoppers?

Why do the spies compare themselves to grasshoppers Bamidbor 13 (33) we saw the Nephilim there—the Anakites are part of the Nephilim—and we looked like grasshoppers to ourselves, and so we must ...
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Was the Jubilee in mind in Isaiah 49:8-9 and 61:1-2?

Did the prophet Isaiah have the Jubilee in mind in Isaiah 49:8 and 61:1-2? I notice the term "proclaim freedom" appears in Leviticus as well as Isaiah 61. Is the similarity superficial? In the case ...
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Splitting up Kadosh Kadosh Kadosh

The pasuk we quote in Kedusha from Yeshayahu 6:3 reads וְקָרָ֨א זֶ֤ה אֶל־זֶה֙ וְאָמַ֔ר קָד֧וֹשׁ ׀ קָד֛וֹשׁ קָד֖וֹשׁ יְהוָ֣ה צְבָא֑וֹת מְלֹ֥א כָל־הָאָ֖רֶץ כְּבוֹדֽוֹ׃ In this pasuk, the image I ...
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Where is the land of Sinim?

In Isaiah Perek 49 Pasuk 12 it says: הִנֵּה-אֵלֶּה, מֵרָחוֹק יָבֹאוּ; וְהִנֵּה-אֵלֶּה מִצָּפוֹן וּמִיָּם, וְאֵלֶּה מֵאֶרֶץ סִינִים Behold, these shall come from far; and, lo, these from the ...
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How seriously does Orthodox Judaism take the prophecy of Isaiah that God will give the Jews “as a light unto the Gentiles”?

How much weight, seriousness and focus does orthodox Judaism give to the prophecy of Isaiah 49:6: It is too small a thing that thou shall be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob and ...
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171 views

The Medrash and Gemara about Hoshana Rabbah

I read on shirat devorah the following: 1) The Midrash tells us that G‑d told Abraham: “If atonement is not granted to your children on Rosh Hashanah, I will grant it on Yom Kippur; if they do not ...
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4answers
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What is the correct translation of הֵילֵ֣ל?

Shalom everyone, new visitor here. The term הֵילֵ֣ל may be found in Isaiah 14:12, but I have not been able to find it in any Hebrew dictionaries. English translations range from "morning," to "...
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1answer
119 views

How is marriage understood to have taken away reproach in Isaiah 4:1

Is there a traditional Jewish or standard agreed upon understanding of what it means for a marriage in the context of Isaiah 4 to take away reproach? For seven women will take hold of one man in ...
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3answers
466 views

How do the Dead Sea Scrolls of Isaiah compare with today's version?

To what degree do the Dead Sea Scrolls of the book of Isaiah match our version of the book of Isaiah?
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452 views

The Yud and Hey in creation (Isaiah 26:4)

Isaiah (26:4) is usually translated: "Trust in G-d forever, for in Y-ah, [who is] G-d, is the everlasting rock." However, the prefix translated here as "in" can also mean "through" or "by"; and the ...
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3answers
60 views

On taking out the Torah, why do we say, udavar adoni myerushalym?

On taking out the Torah we say, "and the word of Gcd will come forth from Jerusalem" (paraphrased). What does that mean? It does not say "the word came forth from Sinai". Does it mean that the Jews ...
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4answers
349 views

Yeshayahu 45:7 Does Rah exist because of the absense of Tov?

Question: In my own words based on some commentary of Rabbi Hirsch Yeshayahu 45:7 reads: I form ohr (light), and create choshech (darkness); I make shalom (that what is whole), and create rah (that ...
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1answer
144 views

How is Sefer Yeshayahu structured?

How is Sefer Yeshaya structured? It doesn't seem to be chronological. The book seems to start with chapter 6 which presumably took place during the reign of Uzziah. Rashi says chapter 1 started ...
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2answers
153 views

What does 'the New Torah' in these medrashim mean?

The Yalkut Shimoni on Yishaya, remez 429, mentions how Hashem will sit and be doresh a new Torah that he will give by the hand of Moshiach. This medrash is apparently taken from the Osios diRabi ...
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29 views

What is the significance of the ten azharos of tshuva (in Yeshaya ch. 1)?

Rashi in Yeshayah chapter 1 vs. 16 tells us that the ten words in the next two psukim, רחצו, הזכו, הסירו, חדלו, למדו, דרשו, אשרו, שפטו, ריבו, are all אזהרות של לשון תשובה כנגד עשרת ימי תשובה, וכנגד ...
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If a virgin birth actually disqualifies a Messianic candidate, how then should Isaiah 7:14 be interpreted?

Earlier today in chat, I saw this: Jewish identity is matrilinial. Jewish tribal lineage is patrilinial. If Jesus had no biological father, then he could not be from the tribe of Judah, as ...
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211 views

Did Isaiah ever believe that Hezekiah was the Messiah?

The Gemara at Sanhedrin 94a suggests that G-d wanted Hezekiah to be the Messiah. The Gemara continues to say that at some point Hashem said he would not be the Messiah, and Isaiah cried out "Woe to ...
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3answers
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What does Isaiah 9:6 mean?

Isaiah 9:5 is a famous verse used by Christians. A Christian translation is: For to us a child is born. To us a son is given; and the government will be on his shoulders. His name will be called ...
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1answer
290 views

Isaiah 53:8 “He was stricken” or “They were stricken”?

What is the literal translation of Isaiah 53:8? In KJV it says: ... for the transgression of my people was he stricken , but according to this http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PwwRGCOKuMA#t=4440 it ...
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2answers
205 views

Isaiah 8:11: “kaf” or “bet”?

It seems that two versions of Isaiah 8:11 exist. One has "כחזקת היד" -- this is the version in the Aleppo (shown above) and Leningrad codices: http://www.studylight.org/desk/?sr=1&old_q=...