Questions tagged [hebrew]

Questions pertaining to the Hebrew language, as related to Judaism. See the help center: http://judaism.stackexchange.com/help/on-topic

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2 votes
0 answers
168 views

Where is a free online copy of the Torah with the "correct" number of letters in it?

First off, my intention is to create a pretty decent replica of the Hebrew text close to the formatting of the Sefer Torah or a Tikkun, for personal documentation purposes. My question though is 2-...
7 votes
1 answer
210 views

Whence "בחזקת בשרי"?

Besides the main categories of meat, dairy, and pareve (non-meat, non-dairy) foods, two special subcategories of pareve foods are relevant to halacha (e.g. Yore Dea 93): pareve food cooked using clean ...
2 votes
2 answers
192 views

How do I pronounce the words יוׁ״ד קֵ״י בְּוָא״ו קֵ״י after "For the sake of the unification of the Holy One...?"

Title. I'm not sure how to find out about it so I'll ask in here. Shalom!
1 vote
1 answer
93 views

How to pronounce Hebrew with the Chassidic pronunciation?

First of all, I'm not Jewish but I love Judaism and feel a strong connection to the Jewish people and faith. My question is regarding the Chassidic way of Hebrew pronunciation when praying and reading ...
0 votes
1 answer
146 views

Did Judaism have a more ancient name before it became Judaism?

Judaism comes from Judah. Specifically, it comes from the Kingdom of Judah. The names we get from Torah are typically for the people and not for the faith. We were called Hebrews and then we were ...
9 votes
6 answers
606 views

Is there a substantive difference in meaning when the Torah uses the Hebrew verb root דבר rather than אמר?

Is there a substantive difference in meaning when the Torah uses the Hebrew verb root דבר rather than אמר, or do they both pretty much mean "to say" or "to speak"? Do any sages see the choice of one ...
3 votes
1 answer
158 views

Use of definite article (ה) in יהי רצון ... מצות התלוים

The paragraph after the ברכה (b'racha) of ציצת (tzitzis) ends with the expression " וְתַרְיַ"ג מִצְות הַתְּלוּיִם בָּהּ". My question is why does the word "התלוים" start with "ה"? It appears like ...
1 vote
2 answers
160 views

Praying in English or Hebrew

I have searched and don’t think this is a duplicate and want to explain why this question is different from this one. In the above linked question, the answer clearly states that it’s best to daven in ...
1 vote
1 answer
40 views

Does the Torah teach, that mountains have an extension below the mountain’s base?

Job 28:9 “They put their hand to the flinty rock,and overturn mountains by the roots מִשֹּׁ֣רֶשׁ. the word מִשֹּׁ֣רֶשׁ is used literally for a root of tree or shrub,as in Jeremiah 17:8 Does the Torah, ...
1 vote
1 answer
99 views

How is בריא connected to ברא?

IIRC, the word ברא applies exclusively to God's process of creation throughout the scriptures (see ברא on Sefaria). The word בריא is used to denote health (actually fat in cattle, like "...
9 votes
4 answers
743 views

Pronunciation of "Two"s in Hebrew

Thomas O. Lambdin calls out the words שְנַיִם and שְתַּיִם as exceptions to "shewa as the initial vowel in a word is always vocalized," i.e. it is "shtayim" and "shnayim". That's a secular expert's ...
12 votes
2 answers
214 views

Leshabeichacha and loseis/latet shevach

Towards the beginning of the נוסח אשכנז version of davening, in the section beginning לעולם יהא אדם ירא שמים, we say as follows: לפיכך אנחנו חייבים להודות לך ולשבחך ולפארך ולברך ולקדש ולתת שבח ...
0 votes
0 answers
39 views

Use of יצ"ו, expanded to יבנה ציון וירושלים (May He build Zion and Jerusalem), how and where used?

I'm trying to remember where I have seen this (יצ"ו) used. I think it appears sometimes in sefarim, sometimes after the names of towns (not in Israel), and that the intent is to hope for the ...
2 votes
0 answers
119 views

What will be the official language of the Kingdom of Israel?

This question assumes the correctness of the Shita that it is forbidden to use Lashon Koidesh for mundane language today. Rather I'm asking if this will or will not be the case in the restored Kingdom ...
0 votes
1 answer
53 views

Excel Hebrew formula [closed]

If I put this following function into Excel, it will generate random letters in the given highlighted cells. 65 thru 90 is supposedly the excel defined values for the english alphabets from A thru Z. =...
2 votes
1 answer
169 views

What's the difference between "Hinchilanu" and "Hinchaltanu"?

The Kiddush for Friday night contains two verbs, Hinchilanu and Hinchaltanu, that seem to be on one Hebrew root and share the translation "has given us as a heritage." I guess that there ...
5 votes
1 answer
752 views

Are these vowels?

I know the hebrew vowels. However, I recently came across this word: כְּשֶׁעָמְ֒דָה. What are the three dots above the מ? Another example: עַמְּ֒ךָ In the same paragraph, I had וְהִדְלִֽיקוּ. What ...
2 votes
0 answers
41 views

Was the term shlita (שליטא) always reserved for rabbis or prominent people? If so, why? If not, how come it became limited in this way? [duplicate]

"Shlita" is customarily added to the name of a living rabbi or leader, either in addressing or speaking/writing about him. It is often written as an acronym, as in "shlit"a" ...
5 votes
0 answers
135 views

The letters aleph-lamed are sometimes blended into a single figure in certain texts. What is the origin/purpose of this?

My first guess was that it was a way of avoiding writing out a Divine name, but the texts where I've seen this, the same page may indeed include a full Divine name, so there must be another reason. I'...
0 votes
1 answer
69 views

How to automatically add nikud to a text? [closed]

I have seen such a site, but cannot find it. And would it correctly add nikud to this phrase: שהטוב הוא במאמר שיפעל והרע במאמר שיתפעל כי כל התפעלות רע ?
10 votes
6 answers
961 views

Origin of the term Motza'ei Shabbos

I often hear that מוצאי שבת means "departure of the Sabbath," but it seems to me that the phrase for this should be צאת שבת (or יציאת שבת). The phrase מוצאי שבת seems to me to mean המוצאים של שבת, ...
3 votes
1 answer
132 views

What books/texts for Modern Hebrew

Which of these books/texts would be possible to read when you know only Modern Hebrew? Kizur Shulchan Aruch Shulchan Aruch Mishnah Berurah Mishnah Babylonian Talmud Jerusalem Talmud Comments by: ...
3 votes
1 answer
107 views

Where can I find the original Hebrew text for this quote?

From the Jewish Encyclopedia: Armenia is also mentioned in the Midrashim: "God said, if I let them pass through the deserts, they will die of starvation. Therefore I lead them by the road of ...
1 vote
0 answers
46 views

Dictionary of Mishnaic Hebrew (aside from Jastrow) [duplicate]

Can anyone recommend a dictionary of Mishnaic Hebrew? Jastrow is serviceable, but not great. I am looking for a better option. Some suggestions would be helpful. Thank you.
3 votes
6 answers
994 views

What does שליט"א stand for?

I thought that שליט"א came from the Aramaic word שליט (Ruler). But a Rabbi I told this to, pointed out that שליט"א is always written as with " , in the Middle so each the letters must ...
10 votes
5 answers
1k views

Chassidic Rebbes don't use Hebrew Grammar?

I have not witnessed enough test cases to statistically verify anything, but I have heard various Chassidic Rebbes make b'rachos and daven out loud, and without fail, they mispronounce a majority of ...
17 votes
8 answers
37k views

What does Kadosh really mean?

What do the terms קדוש (Kadosh), קדושים, קדושה, and קדיש really mean?
1 vote
4 answers
484 views

Does Betulah really mean virgin?

Ok hear me out first. If Betulah really means virgin, my question is why does Genesis 24:16 which uses this word to describe Rebekah, feels the need to also say "no man had known her" ...
2 votes
0 answers
80 views

Group symmetry in the letters of Genesis [closed]

Forgive me if this is not the sort of question you like. I'm new here. Several years ago I came across the work of Stan Tenen, available at meru.org, who appears to have made some impressive ...
1 vote
1 answer
67 views

Why use different adjectives in Devarim 9:1 and Devarim 9:14?

א שְׁמַע יִשְׂרָאֵל, אַתָּה עֹבֵר הַיּוֹם אֶת-הַיַּרְדֵּן, לָבֹא לָרֶשֶׁת גּוֹיִם גְּדֹלִים וַעֲצֻמִים מִמֶּךָּ--עָרִים גְּדֹלֹת וּבְצֻרֹת, בַּשָּׁמָיִם Deutoronomy 9:1 Hear, O Israel: thou art to ...
1 vote
2 answers
291 views

Does the Torah have a gender?

Within the talmud, is the Torah as an entity referred to with with a particular gender and if so are there exceptions?
1 vote
3 answers
268 views

Was the man who wrestled with Jacob, God?

It seems to me that the most plain reading of the passage in Genesis 32:22-32 suggests the man who wrestled with Jacob was somehow God, as crazy or as insane as it may sound. I'm looking for ...
9 votes
2 answers
330 views

What does שעטנז (sha'atnez) mean?

.שעטנז. I'm asking about the literal meaning behind the word, its etymology, etc.
1 vote
1 answer
289 views

What is the difference between Almah vs. Ha-Almah?

My understanding is that adding "Ha-" at the beginning of a noun in Hebrew is the same as adding "The" to the beginning of a noun in English. In other words, it means you're ...
4 votes
1 answer
1k views

What is the prayer uttered by Michael Ginberg's dad in Mad Men?

In the second last scene of episode 5x03 of Mad Men, Michael Ginsberg (one of the Jewish characters on the show) comes back home from the grocer's to be greeted by his dad. The latter encourages ...
3 votes
3 answers
286 views

Are we commanded to colonize Mars?

The first commandment of the Torah is to be fruitful, multiply, and fill the earth/land (הָאָ֖רֶץ). The question is whether Mars (and other terrestrial planets and moons) should be included in the ...
1 vote
1 answer
131 views

What do these abbreviations mean? נ''י & מו''ה

I am filling out an authorization form for medical treatment. I am not 100% on what the abbreviations נ''י & מו''ה & mean. זֶה לאשׁר בי מו''ה (מורי וחמי?) ______ נ''י (נרו יאיר?) ...
6 votes
5 answers
6k views

What is the meaning of יוֹם (yowm) in Bereshit?

I've heard conflicting reports of how the creation days' יוֹם (yowm), in Bereshit are interpreted in the Jewish community. How do actual Hebrew scholars define day in Bereshit? Six 24 hour periods or ...
5 votes
2 answers
2k views

Difference between Slumber and Sleep

In Tehillim 121:4, David says of Hashem: "הִנֵּה לֹא-יָנוּם, וְלֹא יִישָׁן שׁוֹמֵר, יִשְׂרָאֵל." At first glance, this appears redundant, נום means slumber and שנה means sleep. What is the ...
1 vote
1 answer
248 views

Why the Hebrew word for "fathers" - אבות ends in "ות" as feminine?

To continue the "gender in Hebrew" questions (like "meaning-of-grammatical-gender-in-hebrew-for-inanimate-objects)". What can be more masculine than the fathers, and still, the ...
5 votes
2 answers
138 views

Common language and the language of the Scripture used in 1st century BCE?

I read from the internet where most articles say: A. The common language used by the Jews around 1st century BCE to (at least) the beginning of 1st century CE was Greek and the Scripture they use is ...
1 vote
1 answer
80 views

Do any Jewish commentators or any targum or midrash see Haggai 2:7 as a reference to the messiah?

Haggai 2:7 speaks about the coming of "the desired of nations". Christians say this is a reference to the messiah. But I'm wondering if any of the sages - the commentaries or targum or ...
-1 votes
1 answer
56 views

What does the word s'chach סכך have to do with anointing or pouring?

What does the word s'chach סכך (the roof of a sukkah or succah) have to do with anointing or pouring? The word s'chach סכך appears to come from the verb to anoint or to pour, as in the following ...
1 vote
2 answers
90 views

What is the difference between קדד, כרע, and שׁחה?

The DCH and BDB lexicons list these words as all meaning the same thing - "to bow down." Is there some finer nuance between these words?
4 votes
1 answer
208 views

What do the words בֶּאֱמֶת אָמְרוּ teach us in the Mishna?

Mishna Shabbat 1:3: לֹא יֵצֵא הַחַיָּט בְּמַחְטוֹ סָמוּךְ לַחֲשֵׁכָה, שֶׁמָּא יִשְׁכַּח וְיֵצֵא. וְלֹא הַלַּבְלָר בְּקֻלְמוֹסוֹ. וְלֹא יְפַלֶּה אֶת כֵּלָיו, וְלֹא יִקְרָא לְאוֹר הַנֵּר. בֶּאֱמֶת ...
6 votes
1 answer
553 views

What is the history behind ascribing a heading to each of the Psalms?

For exmple, in my English book of Psalms, the 59th Psalm (attributed to David) informs us that it is a miktam and then gives a heading: When Saul had sent men to watch David's house in order to kill ...
2 votes
0 answers
46 views

What is the difference between "גזרה רעה" "גזרה קשה"

Is there a difference between the concept of the Hebrew words of "גזרה רעה" an evil decree versus a "גזרה קשה" a difficult decree? See Machzor Rosh HaShana on the annulment of ...
1 vote
1 answer
73 views

Are there words in the Hebrew bible where we find the letter Hei/Yod subsituted for an Alef?

For example, עמק הבכא in Psalams 84:6 is often translated as "Valley of weeping", even though we should expect the word weeping to be בכי, and not at all with an Alef. Do we have more ...
6 votes
2 answers
159 views

English prayers, mix in hebrew?

Some prayers can be said in any language, and many people use the English translation in siddurim to daven directly, the question is is one allowed to mix in both hebrew and English when first ...
1 vote
1 answer
109 views

Changing Beitza to Bei'a [duplicate]

I understand that there’s a yeshivish tradition of referring to Masekhes Beitza as “Bei’a”, by way of using the Aramaic word for ‘egg’ in place of the Hebrew. In two separate online shiurim that I ...

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