Questions tagged [chazaka]

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3
votes
0answers
42 views

Stainless steel valid knife that wasn't used for 3 days

The Simlah Chadasha (Siman 18) writes that if a knife with a Chazaka was held unused for three days - and one then slaughtered with it (without checking if it is smooth) and then lost it, that knife ...
4
votes
0answers
53 views

What's the difference between making a blessing in vain and wearing a four-cornered garment without tzitzit vis-a-vis checking the tzitzit in advance?

R. Joseph Karo (Shulchan Aruch O.C. 8:9) codifies the following law: קודם שיברך יעיין בחוטי הציצית אם הם כשרים כדי שלא יברך לבטלה Prior to making the blessing [on the tzitzit] he should look ...
5
votes
0answers
84 views

Whence “בחזקת בשרי”?

Besides the main categories of meat, dairy, and pareve (non-meat, non-dairy) foods, two special subcategories of pareve foods are relevant to halacha (e.g. Yore Dea 93): pareve food cooked using clean ...
0
votes
0answers
80 views

Word for “strictly” parve

What word do people use to identify something as completely parve--that is, kosher to eat with meat or milk--as distinct from "b'chezkat chalavi/basari"/DE/nat bar nat? Would it be correct to say "l'...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Singing Mashiv Haruach

The Shulchan Aruch and Rama pasken in Orach Chaim Siman 114:9 that if one says Mashiv Haruach (or doesn't say Mashiv Haruach) 90 times (with the surrounding words) we assume he made a Chazaka and will ...
5
votes
2answers
202 views

Why do you need a chazakah and a sefeik sefeikah in Demai 1:1?

Maseches Demai opens up by addressing the "leniencies of Demai." As the Bartenura there explains, these lenient items are those which are essentially garbage - foods that people typically wouldn't eat ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

What if you don't know whether something became muktzeh between twilight and nightfall?

I am vaguely aware that there are certain cases in which an otherwise non-muktzeh object may become muktzeh, i.e., by being on a certain base during twilight on Friday night. But if you don't know ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Can you abandon a personal chumra if it was based on a misunderstanding of the mitzvah?

If you established a neder and/or chazaka to do some mitzvah a certain way (i.e., by doing it that way three times in a row), but this was based on a misunderstanding--such as thinking the chumra was ...
4
votes
1answer
212 views

Who accepts the “chazaka” method of checking vegetables?

Several sources endorse a method of checking produce in which the batch of produce is washed, three random samples from the batch are inspected for bugs, and, if these samples are entirely clear of ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

בא במחתרת,‎ לפקח עליו את הגל and חזקה שהורעה

A בא במחתרת (one who tunnels into someone else's domain) assuming he is not the father of the homeowner has a חזקה (status) of אין לו דמים ("has no blood" = can be killed by anyone). What happens ...
5
votes
2answers
144 views

What happens if a new chazaka of a veset kavua appears to have occurred while an old chazaka was still in place?

Suppose a woman notices a somewhat complicated veset kavua (in particular, perhaps one that doesn't apply every month). For example, say that she notices that she began to menstruate on 8 Kislev every ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

What the מאירי holds on חזקה

Where are places in the Gemara (or anywhere else) that we see the way the מאירי holds when it comes to חזקה. Preferably חזקה דמעיקרה but all sources are helpful. Thanks!
7
votes
4answers
250 views

חזקה מעיקרא vs ספק

I am in the middle of מחלוקת with someone as to, if I originally had a חזקה and now there's a ספק to whether that status is still true, whether I maintain that original status or my status changes to ...
5
votes
1answer
91 views

Assuming something has remained Kosher

When someone buys a product with Kosher certification, do they have to check to make sure that it is still certified Kosher or can they rely on the fact that the last time (or first time) they bought ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

What do we do with Chazaka's that don't seem to hold?

Inspired by this comment, there are Chazaka's (presumptions) and principles of נאמנות (trustworthiness) in Halacha that no longer hold in our practical experience. One example is עד אחד נאמנן ...
6
votes
1answer
296 views

What is the source of Chazaka?

There are many halachic chazakas. Most of them are halachic assumptions, such as: Keeping things the way they always were - Either financial (Chezkas Marei Kama) or religious (Chezkas Tahara, Chezkas ...
11
votes
4answers
268 views

Must I check the kashrut certificate every time I visit a bakery or restaurant?

Say I visit a bakery, restaurant, jail, hospital, or nursing home. And say I already know that the food there is kosher. Must I still check the kashrut certificate every time I visit? (Gershon Gold,...