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Questions regarding our understanding of God, such as it is. NOT for every question about Jewish beliefs.

6
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5answers
90 views

If we can't understand G-d at all, why do our sources try?

I have for a long time been been confused and dismayed that, although our sources -- including kabbalistic ones -- acknowledge frequently, emphatically, and without limitation that לית מחשבה תפיסא בך ...
-2
votes
2answers
53 views

Hashem as the judge vs His omniscience

How can Hashem's role as the Supreme Judge on the High Holidays be reconciled with His omniscience: On one hand, we picture Him as He weighs the Mitzvot and the sins and awaits for our Teshuvah for ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Is there a Jewish theology equivalent to Calvinism?

I have a question that may seem odd, but bear with me. Basically, I'm wondering whether there's any Jewish theology analogous to Calvinist Christianity. I am NOT wondering about the salvation/...
-2
votes
2answers
71 views

Learning from stories that are impossible to negate

The Talmud is full of Musar stories in the following pattern: a Rabbi did X and G-d made him Y, therefore we all should do X so G-d will make us Y. In many cases, G-d's reaction can be the opposite ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Who said that before Rambam's 13 principles it was allowed to have different opinions about the Messiah?

I don't exactly remember the name of the rabbi who said this (Not sure if it was Chasam Sofer?) and I don't exactly remember what he said but from what I understood and remember was that before Rambam ...
0
votes
3answers
83 views

Does the story of R. Bena'a in the Cave of Macpelah imply that G-d has a physical form?

On Bava Basra 58a it says (from Sefaria): כי מטא למערתא דאדם הראשון יצתה בת קול ואמרה נסתכלת בדמות דיוקני בדיוקני עצמה אל תסתכל הא בעינא לציוני מערתא כמדת החיצונה כך מדת הפנימית ולמ"ד שני בתים זו ...
0
votes
2answers
63 views

Hashems infinite power

I've heard many times that Hashem is infinitely powerful. But how do we know this? Perhaps he's just very powerful or even all powerful (possessing all power there is, which is possibly finite). Is ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Sages that questioned the existence of Hashem

While I'm sure there are individuals that perhaps struggled with their belief in Hashem and His "existence" were there ever any great chachamim (sages) from the throughout the generations that perhaps ...
2
votes
1answer
94 views

Does God need to find out what happened? – Ralbag's seemingly contradictory comments

(Quick summary if you don't want to read the whole question: In Parshas Noach Ralbag seems to claim that God already knew what happened, while in Parshas Vayeira he seems to claim that God did not ...
-4
votes
1answer
89 views

Has God appeared in human form in Genesis 18? [closed]

As the title says, has God appeared in human form in Genesis 18?
1
vote
2answers
78 views

God as Cohen(paradigm) mentioned in my Jewish Study Bible (The Jewish Publication Society)

Hello I'm a Christian that joined the board to learn more about the background of the Bible. A decade ago, I bought a Jewish Study Bible and was intrigued by some of the ideas in the footnotes, and ...
6
votes
2answers
135 views

Are there any Rishonim who believe that God´s existence cannot be proven rationally?

Are there any Rishonim who believe that God´s existence cannot be proven rationally?
0
votes
2answers
122 views

Paradox of the Evil Inclination: Hashem commands to disobey Himself?

I understand that to make this world spinning (to get to its purpose of bestowing the world to come), the Evil Inclination (Yetzer Harah) is commanded by Hashem to constantly drag us to do ...
1
vote
1answer
406 views

How will the Buddhists, Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, etc come to recognize the G-d of Israel when the Messiah comes

How will the Buddhists, Hindus, Jains, Sikhs, etc come to recognize the G-d of Israel when the Messiah comes since these religions and rest of the 49% of the world's population that doesn't believe ...
4
votes
2answers
63 views

References to intimacy between God and the Jewish people

There's a Baal HaTurim on Exodus 19:4: ואביא אתכם אלי מה אשה נקנית בכסף ובשטר ובביאה אף ישראל כן. ... בביאה זהו שנא' ואפרוש כנפי עליך וגו' ואבא בברית אתך לכן אמר הושע ג''פ וארשתיך לי: ואביא בגימ' ...
5
votes
1answer
126 views

Rambam on the relationship between oneness and incorporeality

One of Rambam's arguments for the existence of only one god is that the existence of multiple gods by definition implies some form of corporeality. Hilchos Yesodei HaTorah 1:7 אלוה זה אחד הוא ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Understanding G-d's unity [duplicate]

I recently learned according to the Torah ("Shema Isroel, Hashem is our God, Hashem is one"), that G-D is one and single. Please help me understand this unity.
1
vote
2answers
94 views

If God is infinitely good, why did He create finite people to bestow good to?

Assuming God is absolutely good to the furthest extreme possible and there are no other worlds out there like ours (with torah observant creatures), if so, why did He create finite number of worlds to ...
4
votes
2answers
154 views

How does Judaism relate to miracle claims by other religions?

Other religions claim that (their) God or other individuals have performed miracles either on behalf of a person(s) or entire nations. Growing up I was taught that the Jewish people are God's special,...
0
votes
1answer
62 views

Is it correct to say that the term Elohim, when referring to HaShem, means “Supreme Legislator”?

I read here in Italy, in some forums organized by Orthodox Jews, that the term Elohim, when referring to HaShem, means "Supreme Legislator". Is this statement correct? Would it be permissible to use ...
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votes
2answers
87 views

Is Hashem polite? [closed]

This question might be a bit weird, but here's what inspired it. In an internet forum I frequent, someone posted a wall of text (that is, a long post without any line breaks or paragraphs). I pointed ...
4
votes
3answers
105 views

How can Hashem judge a person לזכות, favourably, as in הדן חבירו לכף זכות דנין אותו לזכות

The Gemoro Shabbos 127b brings three stories illustrating the principle, הדן חבירו לכף זכות דנין אותו לזכות “He who judges his neighbour in the scale of merit is himself judged favourably.”...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Why did not our forefathers consult Hashem in conflict situations?

I found it a bit strange, the fact that although our forefathers - Abraham, Itzhok, Yaacov, and down to Moyshe Rabeynu were all prophets, as Hashem explicitly spoke to them, they did not consult, or ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

3 major sins versus suicide

According to the rambam that unlike all other prohibitory mitzvos there are 3 that one must give up one's life for rather than be forced to commit. Does the requirement to give up one's life rather ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Please specify the identity and function of Metatron in Judaism

The title is pretty much self-explanatory. I know that Christianity doesn't support the existence of Metatron, as the Scripture in which Metatron is mentioned isn't a part of the Christian Bible. ...
-3
votes
2answers
128 views

What is most commonly considered 'the devil' in Judaism (in the right sense of the word - the embodiment of evil)?

I am looking for the antithesis of G-d in Judaism (if there even is one). Also please elaborate the role of Ha-Šatan in the grand scheme of things. And moreover, I am very curious as to what ...
5
votes
3answers
89 views

Why does Hashem decide not to destroy mankind again after the flood?

Hashem brings a flood to destroy the evil-doers (Braishis 7 (17)). Without any notable change in the behaviour of mankind, and after Noach's sacrifice, Hashem decides that He will not repeat the ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

What are some fundamental chasidic works of philosophy / theology?

Which books are fundamental in terms of presenting the philosophy / theology of mainstream chasidut? I know Chabad has Tanya, and Breslov has Likkutei Moharan. Which sefarim are philosophically ...
8
votes
3answers
136 views

Why is Sabbath so important?

In Isaiah 58:13-14 we read: “If you turn away your foot from the Sabbath, From doing your pleasure on My holy day, And call the Sabbath a delight, The holy day of the Lord honorable, And ...
6
votes
2answers
189 views

Why does G-d reward reshaim in this world to punish them in the next, if He is good?

The question of "Why do some reshaim people live a good life, while some good people suffer" is often answered that G-d rewards the rasha in this world, in order to punish him in the world to come for ...
0
votes
2answers
72 views

What is the earliest referrence to Hashem as a paternal figure?

It's in the Talmud, many pizmonin and prayers like Avinu Malkenu, and lehavdil, Hashem is called "father" in the new testament very often. But I can't recall Hashem being called father in the Tanach. ...
17
votes
1answer
239 views

When did usage of “Hashem” to refer to G-d gain traction?

It seems as though virtually all seforim (especially those written by Acharonim and earlier) refer to G-d as either Hakodosh Boruch Hu or Ribono Shel Olom, and never as "Hashem." Similarly, I don't ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Proofs that Hashem doesn't eat

The Midrash (Bamidbar Rabbah 21:16-19) brings several proofs that Hashem doesn't need to eat, and therefore the passuk that states that the Karban Tamid is "my karban, my bread" (Bamidbar 28:2) is not ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

What does it mean that God “remembers” something?

In verses such as Noach 8:1 ("And God remembered Noah and all the beasts and all the cattle that were with him in the ark, and God caused a spirit to pass over the earth, and the waters subsided"), ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

Disproof for Christianity? [closed]

The Kuzari begins by disproving Aristotelianism, Christianity, and Islam, after which it proves Judaism. The Kuzari's disproof of Christianity is essentially as follows. Seeing is believing; if you ...
2
votes
3answers
311 views

Are there contradictory verses describing G-d's uniqueness?

My own translation of verses. Devarim (Deut.) 4:39 - "You should now, today, and return it to your heart that the Lord is G-d in the heavens and the earth below. There is no other" Devarim (Deut.) 10:...
6
votes
3answers
148 views

what does it mean that God is infinite?

have read in a few places such as in the book Shaarei Kedusha that God is "infinite" (Ein Sof) (without end). What does this mean? Typically we think of something infinite as being immeasurable or ...
3
votes
3answers
128 views

Why does HaShem desire the tefillos of the righteous?

א"ר יצחק מפני מה היו אבותינו עקורים מפני שהקב"ה מתאוה לתפלתן של צדיקים Says R' Yitzchak: Why were our forefathers sterile? Because HaShem desires the prayers of the righteous. From Yevamos ...
0
votes
3answers
180 views

What does it mean to be a chosen nation?

Regarding "choice" "bechira" when there is a choice of a superior option versus a less superior option this is not as much of a choice between two similar options. That being the case being chosen ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Are God's attributes of kindness and justice related or independent?

Rabbi Moshe Chaim Luzzato writes in the Way of God (ch.1) that God's purpose in creation was to bestow good. We also know that God loves justice (mishpat) (as we say in the Amida prayer "Restore our ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

What constitutes belief in HaShem?

What are the minimum requirements for a religion (besides Judaism) to have in order for it to be considered that they believe in HaShem? For instance, what conditions does Islam fulfill that makes us ...
2
votes
4answers
113 views

Midrash About the Kohen Gadol Seeing God as a Man

If G-D Has no physical form why midrash which say Kohen Gadol saw G-D as an old man while the Kohen Gadol went into the kodesh hakadashim I saw this in the midrash says and I don't know the exact ...
2
votes
3answers
141 views

Why is YHVH called “a man of war” in Shemot 15:3?

In Shemot 15:3 in the song of Moshe he declares that YHVH is "a man of war"; however, in Bamidbar 23:19 it says, "G_d is not a man , that He should lie". What is the explanation for this contradiction?...
0
votes
1answer
210 views

Fundamental Significance of Number Four - Tetragramaton

God's primary Name is the four letter tetragramaton Yud-Heh-Vav-Heh (shaarei kedusha part 4 gate 3: "And if you ask, why should we cling our thoughts in this Name more than any other Name (of G-d)? It ...
3
votes
2answers
136 views

What did Hashem sound like?

Is there any source for what Hashem's voice sounded like when he spoke to Moshe Rabeinu? Like was it a man's voice or a woman's voice? Gruff or sweet? What type of accent? Middle Eastern,Ashkenaz, ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Who are the Attributists Rambam speaks of

in the 'Guide for the Perplexed' by Rabbi Moshe Maimonides, who are the 'attributists' he speaks of? Are they other Jews with a different view, a different sect within Judaism, the Mohammedans, the ...
4
votes
3answers
172 views

Is doctrinal unity enforced in Judaism and if so, How?

In Catholicism we have the concept of the Magisterium. The Magisterium is the official teaching office of the Church and consists of all the bishops who are united to the Pope. The Magisterium is ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

What overlap is there between the attributes of God in Judaism and the attributes of God in Christian classical theism? [closed]

I'm Catholic, not Jewish, but I've always been curious about Judaism. Especially seeing as the Old Testament is largely the same as the modern Jewish bible (with the exception of the deuterocanonical ...
0
votes
2answers
166 views

Where does evil come from if God is good?

In Deuteronomy 4:35 "Hashem, He is G-d, there is nothing else beside Him". This makes sense since He is the first cause of everything, thus He includes everything. Now, assuming God is absolutely ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Are there any verses in the Hebrew bible (or just the Torah) that show that God is indivisible?

There are some monotheistic religions that believe that there is one god, but there are (or can be) parts to him (christianity is a good example). They don't believe that god is one and complete and ...