Questions tagged [hebrew]

Questions pertaining to the Hebrew language, as related to Judaism. See the help center: http://judaism.stackexchange.com/help/on-topic

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
-2
votes
2answers
83 views

Help what does this mean? [closed]

Need this translated, and what does it mean or say?
2
votes
1answer
126 views

Why is the word for silver in Torah the same word for money? [closed]

Is there a reason why the Hebrew word for silver is the same word for money in Hebrew?
10
votes
2answers
7k views

Difference between El and Eloah

El(אל) and Eloah(אלוה) are both singular forms (nouns), but its אל thats being used to form the plural Elim (אלים), and אלוה thats being used to form the plural Elohim (אלוה׳ם). Both singular forms ...
0
votes
2answers
123 views

Where do the words יְרִידַת הַדּוֹרוֹת come from?

There is a term in Judaism called יְרִידַת הַדּוֹרוֹת, the diminishing spiritual level of subsequent generations. Where do the words יְרִידַת הַדּוֹרוֹת originate from? Is it posuk, mishna or gemara ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Origin of the word dati (דָּתִי) [duplicate]

Is there any Talmudic sources that claim the origin of the Hebrew word “dati” (דָּתִי) comes from the Avestan word daena?
5
votes
2answers
535 views

Why would people assume that “Afriki” is Africa?

Follow up on this question. Other than the name being similar to the English one, why would one assume that אפריקי in the Gemara has anything to do with Africa? The names are similar, but is there ...
7
votes
4answers
695 views

The Absolute Unity of G-d

As we all who know Hebrew can assert, the sufix "im" in the words usually means plurality. How can HaShem be Elohim or Elokim if He is absolutely One and the Only Lord?
23
votes
3answers
1k views

Where did “shabat shalom” come from?

What is the source for the greeting "שבת שלום"? Where is it earliest attested in print? What does it mean?
3
votes
1answer
212 views

Hebrew/Aramaic names with Nekudot for Mishna Tractates

What are the names of the Mishna Tractates and Seders in Hebrew/Aramaic with Nekudot? When I come across Tractate and Seder names (eg. מועד, גיטין, אבות, etc) they never have Nikkud. Are the names ...
22
votes
2answers
4k views

Why does the Hebrew alphabet not have letters representing vowels?

The Hebrew alphabet is actually an abjad rather than a "true" Western-style alphabet, in that every letter represents a consonant, and vowels, if they're indicated at all, require diacritics. This ...
7
votes
5answers
453 views

רָקִיאַע or רָקִיַע

The Minchas Shay at the beginning of B'reshis cites a dispute whether the word 'רָקִיעַ' (and likewise for other words with a furtive patach) is pronounced as רָקִיאַע or as רָקִיַע, that is, with a ...
22
votes
4answers
4k views

Relationship between Samekh and Sin

What is the relationship between the letters samekh and sin? Did they ever have distinct sounds? Why do they exist as separate letters?
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Are Jews obligated to learn/speak Hebrew? [duplicate]

Presuming a Jew wants to observe the laws of their religion, are they obligated to learn and speak Hebrew? Or is it sufficient if they read a translation of the Torah into their local language?
6
votes
2answers
791 views

Why is the Haggadah written in Hebrew?

The Haggadah was written during the Talmudic period, so I would expect it to be written in Aramaic. Especially since the entire purpose of the Haggadah is the telling over of the story of yetziat-...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Dagesh lene in קדּשנו

When we say the blessing on commandments, such as Tefillin, there is a dagesh in the דּ of קדּשנו. From what I have learnt a dagesh lene occurs when the בגד כפת starts a syllable and is not preceded ...
1
vote
3answers
111 views

In Leviticus 1:2, the Torah specifies beheimah, shor, tzon for korbonos. What is beheimah?

The passuk in Leviticus 1:2 says: דַּבֵּר אֶל-בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל, וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם, אָדָם כִּי-יַקְרִיב מִכֶּם קָרְבָּן, לַיהוָה--מִן-הַבְּהֵמָה, מִן-הַבָּקָר וּמִן-הַצֹּאן, תַּקְרִיבוּ, אֶת-...
6
votes
1answer
224 views

Levana or Yareach?

In the entire Tanach the moon is generally called Yareach. There are 3 instances where it is called Levana: 1) ישעיהו: כד. כג. וחפרה הלבנה ובושה החמה 2) ישעיהו: ל. כו. והיה אור הלבנה כאור ...
3
votes
3answers
328 views

Nachalah vs. Morasha

On a biblical level, what is the difference (if any) between נחלה and מורשה? We find both שרשים being used in various forms, for example: (Deut. 32:8-9) בהנחל עליון גוים...יעקב חבל נחלתו. (Deut. 33:...
2
votes
1answer
203 views

Pronunciation of גפ״ת

Does גפ״ת (which stands for גמרא, פרש״י, תוספות) have a conventional pronunciation, as do שליט״א ("shlita"), תנ״ך ("tanakh"), etc.?
4
votes
1answer
59 views

Book, commentary, or other source that explains the Biblical usage of “compass” directions

IIRC, there may have been a M.Y. question that referred to a source that explained the Biblical usage of the 4 directions. I.e. it explained why: קדם is East ים is West נגב is South צפון is North ...
5
votes
1answer
207 views

What is the origin of the Rashi script?

I believe the script which is called "Rashi script" was invented to avoid using the normal Hebrew alphabet for things which weren't strictly Torah. Is this true? If so - why are only TWO letters ...
6
votes
2answers
5k views

According to Jewish sources: which language came first, Hebrew or Aramaic?

I've heard that Aramaic and Hebrew are similar languages in vocabulary, syntax, and structure. There is, however, some debate about which is the older, or original, base language. After a bit of ...
10
votes
3answers
848 views

לשון הקדש: the oldest language?

Rashi to B'reshis 2:23 says that the language Adam spoke was one that Rashi calls לשון הקדש, lashon hakodesh (or l'shon hakodesh), and that contains the words אִשָּׁה and אִישׁ. Keeping to Rashi's ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

Stringing nuts together: a question on the Bartenura, Uqtzin 2:5

In explaining the Mishna, the Bartenura often clarifies obscure words by providing a cognate word in either Hebrew or Aramaic - the latter usually taken from the Targum, but sometimes from the Bavli ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

What do these phrases mean, “come as one” and “teach a precedent”?

What do these phrases mean, "come as one" and "teach a precedent"? I think "come as one" means, they "are both the same" (?), but I am not sure this is the meaning of this in the phrase quoted below. ...
2
votes
1answer
308 views

How to say Mi Yodeya's version of Echad Mi Yodeya in hebrew

A selection of the Mi Yodeya series is being prepared for the hagadah mi yodeya 14 are the books of the Rambam. 15 were the cubits of the Flood. 16 are the maneh of the myrrh. 17 were the ...
1
vote
0answers
120 views

Who is a boor בור? [closed]

The Talmud frequently calls an individual a "boor". Two examples: It has been reported: If one has learned Tanach and Mishnah but not Talmud, Rabbi Eleazar says he is an ignoramus [am ha-aretz]; ...
14
votes
4answers
295 views

In the Bible, why did robbers bother tunneling into houses to rob them?

Exodus 22:1 speaks about the robber who was found "tunnelling in" to someone's house (vis-a-vis self-defense). Is that just a figure of speech, or did they actually go to that much trouble? (What ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Avodah Melachah; work what is the difference

The roots לאך and עבד are the basis to form the words that could be translated as 'work' מלאכה and עבדה. But what is the difference? What distinguishing work from work? Some times its prohibited to ...
8
votes
6answers
498 views

Why is the Aleph diminished in size in Vayikra 1:1?

Vayikra 1:1 "And He called to Moshe and spoke..." In some Torah scrolls the Aleph in the first word is diminished in size. What is the significance of this anomaly? (The very next word — to Moshe — ...
15
votes
4answers
505 views

Why the Sanhedrin has a greek name?

This bothers me since a long time. The biggest Jewish halachic authority, arguably, the peak of the Torah world which can be ever imagined, which has its most basic definitions in the Chumash (70 ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Personal Attributes, Influence and Importance of Japhet Among Noah's Sons [closed]

Would you be so kind and provide brief, yet details information about personal attributes, influence and importance of Japhet, commonly agreed among Jews and also Hebrews, perhaps if possible by ...
1
vote
3answers
436 views

What is the source and reason for saying “Yeyasher Kochacha” or “Chazak Ubaruch”?

Follow up to this M.Y. question Why do congregants say to a person who has received an aliyah or was shaliach tzibbur (there may be other situations, but I can't think of any others) either "Yeyasher ...
-1
votes
1answer
35 views

Difference in Hebrew of Rabbis [closed]

We can see that some rabbis have different way of writing sefarim. For example, Rav Kook's writing, people say that his Hebrew is very much different and we need a teacher for his books. Why do ...
2
votes
2answers
103 views

Root of the word פרעה

The Hebrew word פרעה (Pharaoh) is probably directly derived from (a phonetic way to pronounce) the Egyptian word. But it reminded me of the Hebrew root פרע as seen in Exodus 32:25 which is actually ...
0
votes
1answer
486 views

How to translate Olam in the Torah?

Bereshit 3:22: ‏…וְלָקַח גַּם מֵעֵץ הַחַיִּים וְאָכַל וָחַי לְעֹלָם In search for a definition of the word עֹלָם (Olam), as in this verse, I found different translations: 'Universe', '...
13
votes
4answers
2k views

Why “Lach” not “Lecha” in “Modim Anachnu Lach”

Could someone please explain why the "Lach" in Modim Anachnu Lach is not "Lecha"... I guess this is some grammatical point rather than the use of the feminime "you"?
6
votes
0answers
112 views

Whence “בחזקת בשרי”?

Besides the main categories of meat, dairy, and pareve (non-meat, non-dairy) foods, two special subcategories of pareve foods are relevant to halacha (e.g. Yore Dea 93): pareve food cooked using clean ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Common language and the language of the Scripture used in 1st century BCE?

I read from the internet where most articles say: A. The common language used by the Jews around 1st century BCE to (at least) the beginning of 1st century CE was Greek and the Scripture they use is ...
12
votes
3answers
343 views

“־הם” versus “־מו”

Usually, the suffix "־הם" is used to mean "them" as an object, as is "להם" or "אליהם". Or it is used to mean "their" in possessive form, as in "כליהם" or "אבותיהם". But sometimes, the very same usage ...
1
vote
1answer
213 views

Hebrew word “return” in Zechariah

Forgive me, I don't know any Hebrew, nor am I technical enough to write the actual Hebrew letters in this post. In Zechariah 1:16 and 8:3 God says (as translated in English) "I am returned to ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Why is the term דגה frequently used to refer to Egyptian (Nile) fish?

I ran a word search using Snunit's tool on the appearance of the word דג in the Bible. The search revealed 17 occurrences, and all of them had that word or some form of the word such as דגים (plural ...
5
votes
1answer
128 views

Mikraos Gedolos set of the entire Tanakh?

I will start by saying that I know nothing and must admit I was raised Christian. I had some curiosity as to why Christians are Christian when our guy that we are supposed to imitate and be like told ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Dealing with translation differences when reading in English

As I learn more Hebrew, I still daven and read things like Tehillim in English for the most part. Many sources casually say that English is as good as Hebrew when you daven/read alone. However, what ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Why does the Hebrew word for father have א on the end of אבא? [closed]

I am currently learning Hebrew and I'm confused over the word father (Aba). Why does the Hebrew word for father have א on the end of אבא if you can use Niqqud? Also, are you supposed to spell father ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

Why the Hebrew word for “fathers” - אבות ends in “ות” as feminine?

To continue the "gender in Hebrew" questions (like "meaning-of-grammatical-gender-in-hebrew-for-inanimate-objects)". What can be more masculine than the fathers, and still, the Torah uses the ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

Clarification on Ben Ezra's cancellation of the idea of grammatical gender

To continue the topic of "genders in Hebrew" I stumbled upon Torah Temima's commentary on the Posuk "דרך ילכו בה" and his citation of Ben Ezra: "את הדרך ילכו בה. [מכאן דדרך לשון נקבה] כטמדלא כתיב ...
3
votes
1answer
230 views

What Hebrew must I know in order to read the Minchas Shai?

I am interested in understanding the Tenach better, as well as rules related to leining. I have resources for learning biblical Hebrew. Vocabulary lists, and charts showing verb conjugations. If I ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

What Hebrew language Mishna do you recommend?

I like Koren Publishing, and I noticed they have Bartenura and Kav V'Naki edition. I want to practice my Hebrew. I like a clean visual design, but also portability. What should I purchase? Any ...
0
votes
1answer
92 views

Why 1/6th - שתות in the Mishna is in Aramaic?

It appears suspicious to me, that an Aramaic word Shtut is used everywhere in the Hebrew text of the Mishnah, like in: "שׁוּם הַדַּיָּנִין שֶׁפִּחֲתוּ שְׁתוּת אוֹ הוֹסִיפוּ שְׁתוּת..." (...

1 2 3
4
5
15