Questions tagged [hebrew]

Questions pertaining to the Hebrew language, as related to Judaism. See the help center: http://judaism.stackexchange.com/help/on-topic

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How do I pronounce the words יוׁ״ד קֵ״י בְּוָא״ו קֵ״י after "For the sake of the unification of the Holy One...?"

Title. I'm not sure how to find out about it so I'll ask in here. Shalom!
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Foreign language words similar to Hebrew words [closed]

I started compiling a list about a year ago of all of the times I noticed that an English word was very linguistically similar to a Hebrew word phonetically and semantically (i.e. in meaning). Many ...
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What does the name "Sirach" mean?

The apocryphal text dubbed "Eccleasiaticus" (also known as The Book of Sirach) is purported to be written by a man by the name of Ben Sira or Shimon ben Yeshua ben Eliezer ben Sira. I was ...
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2 answers
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How to safely write a name of G-d in Hebrew?

I noticed that in English it is preferred by some to say G-d. What is the preferred way to write the/a name of G-d in Hebrew? For example, if you were to title a paper "G-d", how would you ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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Lashon Hakodesh Reveals Essence of Item

Rav Samson Raphael Hirsch writes in his commentary to Tehillim (72:11) that Hebrew shows the essence of each item. For instance, "כסא" defines and reveals the essence of something designed ...
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Separating Torah study from Hebrew study

I once heard there is a requirement to separate learning Hebrew from the learning of Torah; that there is an assur on doing basic Hebrew learning based on what one wants or has to study in the Torah ...
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1 answer
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What does the name Nemuel mean? [closed]

I looked at the Strong's Concordance and it says perhaps "Day of EL/God". Any insight into what this name may mean?
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1 vote
1 answer
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Reason for different punctuation of the prefix vav?

In the Siddur, the prefix vav is seen with various punctuations (e.g., shva, kamatz, patah, shuruk). When is each of these different punctuations used with a prefix vav and how does each affect the ...
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Do the words menorah and Torah have the same root in Hebrew?

I'm studying the parashat Behaaloscha, the part where Aharon kindle de Menorah. I read that the meaning of Menorah has to do with 'Tora Study. I'm from Brazil where we speak Portuguese and the words ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What is the correct translation of Exodus 6:3?

According to BHS, Exodus 6:3 reads: וָאֵרָ֗א אֶל־אַבְרָהָ֛ם אֶל־יִצְחָ֥ק וְאֶֽל־יַעֲקֹ֖ב בְּאֵ֣ל שַׁדָּ֑י וּשְׁמִ֣י יְהוָ֔ה לֹ֥א נוֹדַ֖עְתִּי לָהֶֽם׃ This all almost universally translated as ...
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Translation of an Hebrew phrase [closed]

What does "shalom shalom wekhol Tuv" mean? This was said at the closing of an email. I have researched on the internet for an explanation and I could not find an answer. Thank you in advance.
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Function of a dagesh

Occasionally Hebrew letters in Tanach have a dagesh mark. I saw one in a khaf sofit, as at the end of the second line of the Priestly Blessing and the 4th line of Ashrei, and it sparked my interest. ...
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3 answers
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What are the rabbinic (hebrew) words that could equate to "Anti-Torah"?

What are the rabbinic (hebrew) words that could equate to "Anti-Torah"? I am hoping there is only one. In English, I would say the word "Anti-Torah" equates to "lawless" or "lawlessness". When I ...
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Is ‘kol tuv’ a religious phrase?

I often hear religious people saying the phrase ‘Kol tuv’ - May everything be good by you. Is there any history behind the wide usage in religious communities, other than it being said in Hebrew?
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Tzitzit an appearance in visible form

Rabbi Hirsch seems to have written something like: “tzitzit; indeed it is called tzitzit from the Hebrew root meaning “to appear in physical form.” Which root is that? And what does this mean in ...
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Help with two Yehudah Ya'aleh responsa

there are two Yehudah Ya'aleh responsa on the same topic (Orach Chaim no 35 and no 37) and each has a passage that I'm struggling to work out what it means. In number 35: שמספר את זקנו ע"י משיחה ...
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The Nikud of the word תמות in the sentence תמות נפשי עם פלישתים

In the Tanach, Shoftim טז Pasuk ל: וַיֹּאמֶר שִׁמְשׁוֹן, תָּמוֹת נַפְשִׁי עִם-פְּלִשְׁתִּים, וַיֵּט בְּכֹחַ, וַיִּפֹּל הַבַּיִת עַל-הַסְּרָנִים וְעַל-כָּל-הָעָם אֲשֶׁר-בּוֹ; וַיִּהְיוּ הַמֵּתִים, ...
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How is מְצַוְּךָ pronounced? [duplicate]

A simple question for the users here. I have just started learning how to read Hebrew to read the Scriptures so I am finding difficult words for me. I am confused about the וְּ in it. Thanks Andy
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2 votes
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Does ehad mean "one" or "first" when used together with "rishon"?

How should ehad be translated in this phrase and why? וְשַׂ֣ר׀ מַלְכ֣וּת פָּרַ֗ס עֹמֵ֤ד לְנֶגְדִּי֙ עֶשְׂרִ֣ים וְאֶחָ֣ד י֔וֹם וְהִנֵּ֣ה מִֽיכָאֵ֗ל אַחַ֛ד הַשָּׂרִ֥ים הָרִאשֹׁנִ֖ים בָּ֣א לְעָזְרֵ֑נִי ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Where can I find how many roots the author needs to compose for each book of the Tenach

For example: I am reading now the book of Joshua in Hebrew. It looks to me quite simple language. The author uses often the same terms. Poetry and wisdom-litterature is much more complex. My ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Translating וידבר using BDB Lexicon and Gesenius' Grammar

Context I am practicing my biblical Hebrew by translating the weekly Parshah. As resources, I have the Brown-Driver-Briggs (BDB) Lexicon (coded with Strong's concordance numbers) and Gesenius' ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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Why is sleep spelled with an aleph in Tehillim 127?

In Tehillim 127:2, the author spells the word for sleep as שנא: Source: Wikisource I found this unusual, as the word is usually spelled שנה in Tanach (Tehillim 90:5, Mishlei 6:4, and Mishlei 20:13). ...
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What does "mazik the rabim" mean?

The Va’ad HaRabbonim of Greater Cleveland has issued a statement about the COVID-19 virus that contains the following paragraph: Additionally, anyone who was exposed to someone who tested positive ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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What or is there a difference in Adonai and Adonoy?

I have just started learning Hebrew and I found a transliteration for the after meal blessing which includes Adonai and Adonoy; what is the difference between the two? “Baruch ha-gever asher yivtach ...
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What is a 'potential convert' called in hebrew/yiddish?

I know that a convert is called a ger tzedek. While a righteous non-Jew/goy is called a goy tzedek. From what I have found so far online, most just say/use "potential convert" when referring to ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Is there any research available for the original 'Hebrew' 3rd & 5th month names?

I'm looking at a question that was posted here 7 years ago about the original name of the months. First-Temple-Era names of the Hebrew months? There is mention of a possible month called, "Tzach."...
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1 vote
2 answers
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How does "Israel" mean to struggle with G-d?

How does "Israel" mean to struggle with G-d? https://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/israel-means-to-struggle-with-god/ This is what I could find in the Hebrew text: בראשית לב כט וַיֹּאמֶר לֹא ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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What is the difference between Vayomer and Vayomar?

In Chumash, sometimes it says vayomer, but other times it says vayomar. What is the difference? Don't they both just mean "he said"?
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2 votes
2 answers
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What is the etymology of the name Jesse?

I can find multiple possible etymologies for the name Jesse/יִשַׁי Yishai: "King" "Wealth/Abundance" "G-d's gift" "G-d Exists" [From יש Yesh ("there is&...
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קָמָץ vs. קָמַץ in Ashkenazi pronunciation

All Ashkenazi readers/minhagim/etc. I've seen call this vowel קָמַץ, while there is considerable variation on whether the second syllables of the other vowel names (except for סֶגּוֹל, though there is ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Is a gentile permitted to learn the original Hebrew of the Torah?

I've been reading the Divine Code by Rabbi Moshe Weiner and came across this in Part I 5:2 note. 91 "...(1) It is also prohibited for a Jew to teach Torah to gentiles in the canonised Hebrew or ...
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Is "covet" in the tenth Commandment more than a mental attitude? [duplicate]

In halacha - Stoning of homosexuals - Mi Yodeya, mbloch recently said: In a nutshell, the Torah is not so concerned and doesn't judge how people feel or what their desires are. It prohibits actions ...
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2 votes
0 answers
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Where is a free online copy of the Torah with the "correct" number of letters in it?

First off, my intention is to create a pretty decent replica of the Hebrew text close to the formatting of the Sefer Torah or a Tikkun, for personal documentation purposes. My question though is 2-...
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1 vote
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Explanation of the Term "פירוד הלבבות"

I looked up the term "פירוד הלבבות" and it comes out literally as "separation of hearts". What is the interpretation of this term in Yiddishkeit generally? Thanks in advance.
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0 votes
1 answer
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What's the Literal translation of these basic words?

What do the words Mishnayos, Gemara, & Torah literally mean?
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1 vote
1 answer
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Is the English "YHWH" a valid equivalent to the Tetragrammaton?

What is the halachic stance on the Tetragrammaton transliterated into English as YHWH or Yawheh or Jehovah? Is it accurate to use the English letters YHWH as the Hebrew equivalent? We see this ...
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6 votes
1 answer
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Grammatical difficulty in root אשר (happy)

The root אשר seems to act weirdly in relation to number. On the one hand, it takes on plural morphology in situations that are clearly singular, here in the form of a plural (const.) noun (...
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What is the Chidush that Parashat Hamelech is read off the Torah scroll in Hebrew?

ואלו נאמרין בלשון הקודש: מקרא ביכורים, וחליצה, ... ברכת כהנים,... ופרשת המלך... (Sotah 32a) these are recited only in the sacred tongue, Hebrew: Bikkurim and Chalitzah and the blessings and curses ...
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1 vote
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Is “breath of life” in Genesis 2:7 is the same as spirit?

Does this mean that God breathed his spirit into Adam giving him life.
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1 vote
1 answer
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In the Al Cheit prayer, do we say bagalui or b'galui?

In the Al Cheit prayer, is it Al cheit shechatanu l'fanecha bagalui uvasater or is it Al cheit shechatanu l'fanecha b'galui uvasater I get about the same number of hits whichever of the two ...
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4 votes
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Does Pharaoh's daughter speak Hebrew in Exodus 2:10 or is the book of Exodus simply translating what she said in Egyptian into Hebrew? [duplicate]

Exodus 2:10 says: "And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh’s daughter, and he became her son. And she called his name Moses, and said: ‘Because I drew him out of the water.’" Is the text ...
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1 vote
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Alternative spelling for El*him

According to Wikipedia, the spelling for El*him is aleph-lamed-he-yud-mem But in a book I found the following spelling: (This is from the first line at p.171 at https://archive.org/details/...
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-1 votes
1 answer
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Why the first ה in יהודה?

וַתַּהַר עוֹד וַתֵּלֶד בֵּן וַתֹּאמֶר הַפַּעַם אוֹדֶה אֶת־ה' עַל־כֵּן קָרְאָה שְׁמוֹ יְהוּדָה וַתַּעֲמֹד מִלֶּדֶת׃ She conceived again and bore a son, and declared, “This time I will praise the LORD....
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4 votes
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What software to use to write a multi-section sefer?

What software is available that allows Hebrew and English and multiple sections? i.e. the main section and then a footnote/pirush (section #2) on that, and then a 3rd section which footnotes items ...
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Does Hebrew allow for this conception of the pronunciation of the "Tetragammaton"?

Disclaimer: I know no Hebrew. I'm trying to find out if the Hebrew argument that this article makes concerning the pronunciation of the divine Name is cogent or not. As an outsider they seem to know ...
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List of Hebrew Words in Aleph-Beis Order? [closed]

To help me study Chumash, where can I find a downloadable list of most commonly used Hebrew shorashim in Aleph-Beis Order? (Rav Hirsch dictionary is phenomenal but I'm not going to retype the whole ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Connection Between Liver & Honor?

Seeing that lashon hakodesh allows for analyzing the connection between similar rooted words, what is the connection between liver (כבד) and honor (כבוד)?
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What is the true definition of the word Kadosh in Hebrew? [duplicate]

This question may be simple but I was curious if we have a true definition for it. People talk about living in a (Kadosh) or holy way. The word gets used a lot but I don't necessarily think I've ...
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5 votes
0 answers
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Why did Rashi choose Hebrew over Aramaic?

Rashi chose a form of Medieval Hebrew to write his commentaries, which facilitates the life of many students, as the Aramaic content in his writing is very low compared to the Gemara or contemporary ...
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1 vote
3 answers
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Talmudic concept of a sensitive individual--"istus?"

There is a Talmudic term I've heard mentioned in passing but have not been able to locate. It relates to the concept of a person who is especially sensitive to physical discomfort in situations such ...
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