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Questions tagged [maseches-rosh-hashana]

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4
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28 views

According to those who argue on R’ Yehudah, why do we bring the Shtei HaLechem on Shavuos?

Rosh Hashanah 16a quotes the following teaching: א"ר יהודה משום ר"ע ... מפני מה אמרה תורה הביאו שתי הלחם בעצרת מפני שעצרת זמן פירות האילן הוא אמר הקב"ה הביאו לפני שתי הלחם בעצרת כדי שיתברכו לכם ...
1
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1answer
42 views

Chronological order of stories involving Rabban Gamliel

There’s several stories (that I know of) which deal with Rabban Gamliel acting in a less-than-ideal way in regard to his contemporaries: Rosh HaShanah 25a-b, where Rabban Gamliel insisted that R’ ...
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0answers
24 views

Is there an opinion that plowing and harvesting on Shabbos are not punishable by Kareis and Skilah? If not, why?

Shabbos 70a records a dispute between R' Nassan and R' Yosi on how to interpret the seemingly extra passuk (Shemos 35:3): לֹא־תְבַעֲר֣וּ אֵ֔שׁ בְּכֹ֖ל מֹשְׁבֹֽתֵיכֶ֑ם בְּי֖וֹם הַשַּׁבָּֽת׃ Do ...
6
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1answer
64 views

Why didn't they send messengers for Rosh Chodesh Shevat?

The mishnah in Rosh Hashana 1:3 lists the months when they would send messengers to notify people which day Rosh Chodesh was: Nisan because of Pesach Av because of Tisha Be'av Elul because of Rosh ...
3
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0answers
36 views

Is Mashiach going to come in Nissan/Tishrei, or can he come at any time?

The Gemara in Rosh HaShanah 10b-11a says: תניא רבי אליעזר אומר בתשרי נברא העולם בתשרי נולדו אבות בתשרי מתו אבות בפסח נולד יצחק בראש השנה נפקדה שרה רחל וחנה בראש השנה יצא יוסף מבית האסורין בר"ה בטלה ...
5
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1answer
70 views

Proof text in Rosh Hashanah for month of mating season

The Gemara in Rosh Hashanah on 11a says: ר' יהושע אומר מנין שבניסן נברא העולם שנא' (בראשית א, יב) ותוצא הארץ דשא עשב מזריע זרע ועץ עושה פרי איזהו חדש שהארץ מליאה דשאים ואילן מוציא פירות הוי ...
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2answers
48 views

Why is Rosh Chodesh Nisan for kings - not Rosh Hashana?

Why is the Rosh Hashana for kings not the same Rosh Hashana of the year when we coronate the King of Kings? See Rosh Hashana (1:1) בְּאֶחָד בְּנִיסָן רֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה לַמְּלָכִים וְלָרְגָלִים. ...
6
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2answers
122 views

Why do we say the 13 Middos so often?

The Gemara in Rosh HaShanah 17b states that HaShem told Moshe Rabbeinu that whenever the Jews sin, they should recite the 13 Middos and they will be forgiven. Why do we say the 13 Middos so often ...
3
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1answer
154 views

Did Rabbi Akiva Go To Africa?

The Gemara in Rosh Hashana 26a says: ואמר רבי עקיבא כשהלכתי לאפריקי... Rabbi Akiva said: when I went to Afriki Is this referring to the continent of Africa? Was Africa in this time period ...
1
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1answer
79 views

Asterisk and star shape?

The Talmud (RH 24b; brought also in Sh.Ar. YD 141, 7) says it is forbidden to make a shape of sun, moon or stars. לא תעשון כדמות שמשיי המשמשין לפני כגון חמה לבנה כוכבים ומזלות So, is it permitted ...
5
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0answers
52 views

What prompted the absent-Sanhedrin-head decree in Rosh Hashana 4:4?

R' Yochanan ben Zakai, in leading the Jewish people during and immediately after the Destruction of the Second Temple, issued many decrees aimed at responding to the new post-Temple reality and ...
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20 views

Cutting the omer on Shabbos vs. building the Mishkan

Rashi to Shemos 32:21 quotes Rosh Hashanah 9a in which some Tannaim learn that the implication of specifying plowing and harvesting is to indicate that the only prohibition on Shabbos of plowing and ...
1
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1answer
114 views

How many women were remembered on Rosh Hashanah?

According to the talmud, Rosh Hashanah 10b, On Rosh Hashanah, Sarah, Rachel and Chanah were designated to give birth, Yosef was released from prison, and the slavery in Egypt ceased. from ...
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1answer
99 views

Why does the fast of Tish'a B'Av begin before nightfall?

Shulchan Aruch O.C. 553:2 states that eating on Erev Tisha B'av must end while it is still daylight. In viewing the topic of tosefet Shabbat which is mentioned in Talmud Rosh Hashannah 9a, I ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Why Shavuos on Sunday

Rashi on Rosh Hashana 22 omud 2 says that the baytusim wanted the 1st day of sefirah and Shavuos to fall on Sunday because of the possuk which says ממחרת השבת which they interpret literally, that the ...
5
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2answers
98 views

How does Tehillim 33:15 imply all creatures pass before Him on Rosh HaShanah?

The Mishnah (Talmud Bavli, Masekhet Rosh HaShanah 16A; Original, English) states that "At New Year all creatures pass before Him like Bene'i Maron, as it says (Tehillim 33:15), ‘He that fashioneth the ...
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49 views

Why are there 4 citations from Ketuvim (Writings) instead of 3 in Shofarot?

Talmud Rosh Hashanah 32a says: מתני' אין פוחתין מעשרה מלכיות מעשרה זכרונות מעשרה שופרות My translation: We do not lessen (saying) 10 verses in each of Malchuyot, Zichront and Shofarot (The middle ...
1
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1answer
92 views

Significance of 13 Attributes of Mercy in Prayer

According to the Gemara Rosh Hashana (17b) the recitation of the 13 attributes of God leads to forgiveness: א"ר יוחנן אלמלא מקרא כתוב אי אפשר לאומרו מלמד שנתעטף הקב"ה כשליח צבור והראה לו למשה סדר ...
2
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1answer
100 views

Is the distance for observing 2 days of Yom Tov today, the same distance as when this halacha was first instituted?

My understanding is that the reason for observing the 2nd Day of Yom Tov was that messengers were sent from the Sanhedrin to proclaim the day that Rosh Hodesh began, and they could reach only a ...
7
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9answers
651 views

What is the point of praying if your fate is already decided on Rosh Hashana?

It says in Rosh Hashana " On the New Year, [first of Tishrei] all who have entered the earth pass before Him, one by one, like young sheep, as it says: “He that fashioned the heart of them all, Who ...
2
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1answer
116 views

What is the difference between חרמין וההקדשות

What is the difference between חרמין וההקדשות? Since they are both making something the property of the Temple Treasury (actually there is a machlokes between Rashi and Tosfos see Rosh Hashana 4a) ...
5
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1answer
75 views

Is “al tikri” ever used for a midrash halacha?

In maseches Rosh Hashana 13a–b, the Gemara attempts to prove that certain crops count as having grown in the year in which they achieve one-third of their total growth: מנלן כדתניא רבי יונתן בן ...
8
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2answers
158 views

I thought Gezeirah Shavah requires Mesorah

In Masecheth Rosh Hashanah (9b), the Gemara uses a Gezeirah Shavah from Tishrei, with the word שנה, to support the Mishnah's ruling that 'Orlah is counted from Tishrei. In response, however, the ...
5
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1answer
180 views

About what was Beit Shammai more lenient than Beit Hillel?

I have the impression that in general, when Beit Hillel and Beit Shammai disagreed, the former was more lenient than the other. But it's not always the case; the g'mara on Rosh Hashana 14b talks ...
0
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32 views

Why doesn't Rosh HaShanah precede Yoma in Daf Yomi? [duplicate]

In two sets of Sha"S Bavli that I own, and logically, Rosh HaShanah precedes Yoma. But it doesn't in the Daf Yomi cycle. Why not? My first thought was that, perhaps, my sets deviate from the ...
2
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1answer
85 views

Baal T'acher today - based on Rosh Hashana 4

Rosh Hashana 4a & Rosh Hashana 4b mentions a whole list of items that one does the sin of Baal T'acher. There is a dispute as to when this prohibition takes effect, ranging from the first festival ...
3
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3answers
561 views

Eternal Gehinom

The talmud in Rosh Hashana 17a lists some sins which warrant eternal gehinom. Is this to be taken literally? Or perhaps it means a very long time or until the end of this world?