Questions tagged [rosh-chodesh-new-month]

the first day of every Jewish month; a minor holiday

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8
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1answer
98 views

Why do we specifically skip Lo Lanu and Ahavti?

On those days on which we skip part of Hallel (i.e. Rosh Chodesh and the last six days of Pesach), why were the first pieces of Tehillim 115 and 116 (Lo Lanu and Ahavti) the pieces chosen to be ...
3
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1answer
84 views

Do we, today, cause the Churban?

When, in musaf for Shabbat Rosh Chodesh, we recall the destruction of the Beit Hamikdash, the text indicates not just that our forefathers were responsible for sinning that caused the destruction, or ...
3
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0answers
37 views

When did two days of Rosh Hodesh begin and the concept of “doubt”?

I'm trying to understand the historical workings of Rosh Hodesh prior to Sanhedrin. I assume that the entire concept of having possibly 2 days Rosh Hodesh was related to the timing of when witnesses ...
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0answers
29 views

Why is there a difference when to remove tefillin between Rosh Hodesh vs. Hol Hamo'ed Pesach?

I've read this M.Y. question that explains why tefillin are removed before Musaf on Rosh Hodesh and Hol Hamo'ed. From what I have noticed in Nusach Ashkenaz shuls, on Hol Hamo'ed Pesach, tefillin is ...
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19 views

Are there any “speech” restrictions if an unveiling is done on Rosh Hodesh?

I know that no hespedim (eulogies) are done on Rosh Hodesh or Hol Hamo'ed, because those are considered "joyous" days. I'm curious if any similar types of "sad" speeches would be prohibited at a ...
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0answers
22 views

If Beis Din knew the time of the molad, why have witnesses testify? [duplicate]

In the second parek of Rosh Hashana, the mishna explains how the court would interrogate witnesses who claimed to see the new moon. Only if their testimony agreed with the court's prediction of the ...
3
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0answers
57 views

Source for Higher Infant Mortality Rates in the Winter of a Leap Year?

At the shiva for my infant son, someone said that the reason we say kaparat pesha in mussaf rosh chodesh, is that to atone for the sins that cause higher rates of stillbirth, miscarriages, and infant ...
2
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2answers
211 views

Why do we have Adar I & Adar II- why don't we give the additional month a new name?

Building off the question of why Adar is chosen as the month to be doubled, why in a leap year do we have an Adar I and Adar II? Why wasn't the additional month given a brand new name?
5
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2answers
233 views

Eidim Zomemim in a case of seeing a new moon

As discussed in Maseches Rosh Hashanah, if two witnesses saw the new moon, they'd go to Beis Din to testify they saw it and Beis Din would then declare when Rosh Chodesh would be. But what if these ...
6
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1answer
67 views

Why didn't they send messengers for Rosh Chodesh Shevat?

The mishnah in Rosh Hashana 1:3 lists the months when they would send messengers to notify people which day Rosh Chodesh was: Nisan because of Pesach Av because of Tisha Be'av Elul because of Rosh ...
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0answers
36 views

Was there a bracha on blowing the silver trumpet?

The Torah mentions blowing the silver trumpet at various times during the year (e.g., RH, chagim). Was there a bracha on blowing the silver trumpets?
3
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3answers
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Yaaleh V'Yavo said in error when it is not Rosh Chodesh

A fellow is praying the evening Maariv the night after Rosh Chodesh. In error he said Yaaleh V'Yavo. He realizes when he finished Shemona Esrei. Does he have to say over Shemona Esrei?
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0answers
76 views

“U'l'Kaparat Pesha” said during a leap year

During yesterday's Ben Hashmashot shiur, our Rav read a section from Otzar Hadinim (Eisenstein) (B"N, I'll insert the excerpt later, when I have access, or perhaps someone can edit it in.) that ...
0
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1answer
44 views

Yom HaKaseh - Rosh HaShanah

Is it true that Rosh HaShanah is also called Yom HaKeseh, meaning “The Day of the Hiding” or “the Hidden Day.” I noticed that it’s called this way because of Tehillim 81. Is it true it’s also called ...
-1
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1answer
114 views

Source for candle lighting on Rosh Chodesh

Can I have a source for where does it says that one can/should light candles on erev rosh chodesh? Or is it only on rosh chodesh tevet, why?
3
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0answers
42 views

Why is there an apparent “high priority” on reciting all 7 Consolation Haftarot?

Last week, I looked at the back of my shul's Tiqun Kor'im (I forgot which version it is, offhand) and noticed a long paragraphs explaining the different customs of what happens when Shabbat parshat R'...
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0answers
102 views

Birkas Hachodesh when Rosh Chodesh is Shabbat and Sunday

On Shabbat Mevarchim, Birkas Hachodesh, a prayer announcing when the Rosh Chodesh will be, is said after Kriat Hatorah before Mussaf, containing the following line (with some variations depending on ...
4
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2answers
105 views

Musaf Amida for Rosh Chodesh

The Mishna in Rosh Hashono 4 (4) says that originally in the Beis Hamikdosh, evidence of the new moon (of Tishrei) was accepted all the day of the 30th of Elul (which was made holy as a Yom Tov). On ...
3
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0answers
64 views

Who should NOT accept upon himself a voluntary fast?

Taanit 12b states that only if one has the ability is fasting positive. The Shulchan Aruch (YD 245:17) states that a melamed a Torah teacher of children should not fast, (see Aruch ha-Shulchan) a ...
4
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1answer
112 views

Me'am Lo'ez on not beginning a new mesechta on Rosh Chodesh

It is brought down by the Me'am Lo'ez to Vayikra (page 64) that it is customary not to begin learning a new mesechta on Rosh Chodesh. The footnote gives as a source "Tur; Hagah; Taanis 32; Yoreh Deah ...
3
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1answer
47 views

How do we explain the order of requests in the Musaf Amida for Rosh Chodesh?

The requests in the Musaf Amida for Rosh Chodesh are stated in order after the words:חַדֵּשׁ עָלֵינוּ אֶת הַחדֶשׁ הַזֶּה לְטובָה וְלִבְרָכָה ששון וּלְשמְחָה. לִישׁוּעָה וּלְנֶחָמָה. לְפַרְנָסָה ...
4
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1answer
90 views

Forgot Yaaleh V'Yavo by Mincha on Erev Shabbos

Rosh Chodesh is on Friday only, and someone forgot to say Ya'aleh V'Yavo in the Mincha Amida. It is now already after nightfall, and he remembers that he omitted it. Must he repeat the Ma'ariv Amidah ...
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2answers
172 views

Is the year “5778” that will come into effect on 1 Tishrei (tomorrow), six months early or six months late? [closed]

Is the world at least six months older or younger than 5,778 Years? Is the year "5778" that will come into effect on 1 Tishrei (tomorrow), six months early or six months late, knowing that the New ...
5
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1answer
81 views

Source for Rema re: Fasting in Sefer Tanya

Orach Chaim Simman 580 Seif 1 the SA writes אֵלּוּ הַיָּמִים שֶׁאֵרְעוּ בָּהֶם צָרוֹת לַאֲבוֹתֵינוּ וְרָאוּי לְהִתְעַנּוֹת בָּהֶם; וְאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁמִּקְּצָתָם בְּרֹאשׁ חֹדֶשׁ, יֵשׁ מִי שֶׁאוֹמֵר ...
3
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62 views

What does Zayin Ayin VeNun mean in the Ashkenazi Yotzer for Shabbos Rosh Chodesh?

In the Ashkenazi Yotzer for Shabbos Rosh Chodesh, the the Paytan (Rabbeinu Binyomin ben Zerach) writes in the "nun" verse "וזיי''ן עיי''ן ןנו''ן פשוטה מכריעות לכלנה" What does this mean? See here
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1answer
67 views

Maleh month with Rosh Chodesh on Shabbos

Does our Jewish calendar contain a Maleh month with its first day starting on Shabbos (contain parts of six calendar weeks), and if yes, how often does it occur?
8
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2answers
183 views

Are there any sages who have written about experiencing a total solar eclipse?

This year, on August 21, 2017, many Americans will have a chance to experience a total solar eclipse. Total solar eclipses were rarely documented before the 10th century of the Common Era. But, I ...
5
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1answer
79 views

Why repeat birkas hamazon after omitting “yaale v'yavo” on chol hamoed

Aruch Hashulchan, OC 188:18, cites a difference of opinion regarding the following case. On Shabas which is rosh chodesh, someone says the Shabas addition in birkas hamazon (grace after the meal) but ...
8
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3answers
295 views

How was Rosh Chodesh determined, if a New Moon Cannot be Seen?

1. Question / Issue : If a New Moon cannot be seen, then it seems that the first visible confirmation of a New Moon is actually the Waxing Crescent Moon, which can only be observed after the New Moon ...
1
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1answer
66 views

Should one be sure to have a bread meal on Rosh Chodesh?

Is there a source for the idea of specially having a bread meal on Rosh Chodesh so that one can say the special insertion for Rosh Chodesh in the grace after meals? related: Rosh Chodesh at home
1
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1answer
134 views

What does kaparat pesha' have to do with leap years and Adar II? [duplicate]

In Jewish leap years we add the words ולכפרת פשע and atonement for transgressions to a list of things we ask Hashem for in the coming month during the tefilah of musaf on Rosh Chodesh. We do ...
2
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2answers
112 views

Why are we increasing Simcha when it isn't Adar yet?

Rosh Chodesh is 2 days as today is the 30th of Shevat. Adar doesn't actually begin until tonight. Yet the sense of mishenichnas Adar marbim b'simcha seems to hold sway even today, and not just in the ...
0
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1answer
88 views

How was Rosh Hodesh declared prior to the Sanhedrin?

During the time that the Sanhedrin existed, witnesses had to come to the Sandhedrin and testify to their viewing of the "new" moon. The Sanhedrin would sanctify the month after confirming their ...
6
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1answer
42 views

Hakeves echad and not hakeves haechad?

On Rosh Chodesh we read in Bamidbar 28:4"et hakeves echad..." Shouldn't the grammar dictate there be a definite article on adjectives that modify definite nouns? Later in the pasuk it says "hakeves ...
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0answers
26 views

תדיר vs. טרחה ציבור on Rosh Chodesh Chanukah - which wins? [duplicate]

Tomorrow is Rosh Chodesh & Chanukah, together. Two Sifrei Torah are taken out. The rule of תדיר specifies that we read from Rosh Chodesh first, since Rosh Chodesh occurs more frequently than ...
0
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1answer
57 views

Visiting the prophet on Shabbat and Rosh Hodesh

Radak commentary on II Kings 4:23 explains that it was common for women to visit the prophet on Shabbat and Rosh Hodesh. Questions: When did this custom begin? The question that the husband asks the ...
0
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1answer
93 views

Why Tiskabel after Hallel on Rosh Hodesh and not other weekdays of Hanukka?

Why do we say a Tiskabel kaddish after Hallel on Rosh Hodesh and only a half-kaddish after Hallel on the other weekdays of Hanukka? What is the general principle and rationale?
2
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1answer
99 views

What goes on in an Orthodox Women's Rosh Chodesh celebration?

I am vaguely aware that in some Orthodox communities, there are Women's Rosh Chodesh celebrations. As I do not live in such a community (and in any case am not a woman), I don't really have any idea ...
5
votes
1answer
142 views

Wearing tefillin during a bris that comes out on Rosh Chodesh

Generally people don't wear tefillin after musaf on Rosh Chodesh. There is a discussion in the poskim (which mainly seems to be among the mekubalim) if one would wear tefillin on Rosh Chodesh during ...
0
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1answer
138 views

Av Harachamim on Shabbat before Rosh Hashanah

In shul yesterday, we said "Av Harachamim" before Ashrei. We also did not bless the month of Tishrei. I know that there are various reasons why we aren't mevarchim the chodesh Tishrei and I figured ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

Is there lunar drift in the fixed Hebrew calendar?

It is known that there is a slight discrepancy in the average length of a year according to the Hebrew calendar and the average length of an astronomical solar year which causes a seasonal drift in ...
6
votes
1answer
216 views

Davening musaf alone on Rosh Chodesh

Normally on Rosh Chodesh, people in most shuls I've seen take off their tefillin after kaddish, but don't wrap them. This is also what Artscroll nusach Ashkenaz says. What about if you daven alone ...
2
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0answers
48 views

How was Rosh Chodesh “observed” in Temple times?

Before there was a standardized calendar, and after the date of Rosh Chodesh could no longer be communicated by fires, when the sanctification of the new moon had to be transmitted over distances, was ...
4
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1answer
227 views

Why is the Rosh Chodesh leining split up the way it is?

The Rosh Chodesh Torah reading comes from the first 14 psukim of Bamidbar 28. These verses are split into 3 sections in the Torah, but we have to split them into 4 aliyot for leining. The three ...
5
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1answer
288 views

Why don't we blow the shofar on Rosh Hodesh?

In the psalm for Thursday, Psalm 81 there is a command to blow the shofar at the New Moon. We no longer follow this practice, but presumably they did when the psalm was written, during the era of ...
11
votes
2answers
464 views

Why Hallel on Rosh Chodesh?

Why do we say Hallel on Rosh Chodesh? On the festivals we are thanking G-D for a salvation that occurred in the past on that date, but Rosh Chodesh does not commemorate any specific event that took ...
6
votes
2answers
238 views

“Chaparat Pesha” just through Adar II

We know that the phrase ולכפרת פשע is added to the Musaf Amidah of Rosh Chodesh during a leap year. However, in most minyanim I've davened in, the custom seems to be that one only adds it from ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

How to repent for sins on “festive” days?

On certain days of the year, viduy may not be recited (month of nissan, hol hamoed, rosh hodesh, etc.). If one did make a sin on one of these days, how can he/she repent for the sin on that same day?
4
votes
1answer
114 views

Shabbos Chanuka - Rosh Chodesh - Torah reading mistake

Orach Chaim 684:3 says that on Shabbos Chanuka that is also Rosh Chodesh we take out three Sifrei Torah. In the first one we give six Aliyos in the Parsha of the week. In the second one we read about ...
6
votes
2answers
155 views

What is the shir shel yom for Rosh Hodesh Tevet according to the tradition of the GR"A?

My understanding of the tradition of the Vilna Gaon (whose tradition is followed in Israel) with respect to shir shel yom is that every day has exactly one shir shel yom. For example, during Hanukkah, ...