Questions tagged [rosh-chodesh-new-month]

the first day of every Jewish month; a minor holiday

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Rosh Hashanah vs Rosh Chodesh

The beginning of the Jewish year is referred to as Rosh Hashanah. The beginning of the Jewish month is called Rosh Chodesh. How come Rosh Hashanah has a "hey" (ה) in it, while Rosh Chodesh ...
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What will the haftarah reading for Shabbat HaChodesh 5781 be?

What will the various haftarah readings for Shabbat HaChodesh 5781 be according to different minhagim? What are the respective rationales behind them? Presumably it's not possible to enumerate each ...
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Why aren't the two days of Rosh Hashannah structured as every other Rosh Hodesh? [duplicate]

I don't recall the exact location Rambam's Mishneh Torah, but he discusses that during the time of Sanhedrin, if witnesses came before sundown of the 30th day, then that day was considered Rosh Hodesh,...
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Musaf verses for Rosh Chodesh on Rosh Hashanah

When Ashkenazim daven a Musaf Shemoneh Esrei, they read pesukim from Parshat Pinchas, related to event of the day. For example, if it is Shabbat, they read in the Musaf Amidah the pesukim from ...
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Where in the rabbinic writings are there examples of the word “Elul” that mean or imply “harvest” and/or “search”?

Where in the rabbinic writings are there examples of the word "Elul" that mean or imply "harvest" and/or "search"? Which word in Aramaic means "search" that ...
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Which is better, wearing Tefilin on Rosh Chodesh at musaf or leaving shul early?

Background: Since the corona virus dwindled and then returned, our regular minyan davens in a yard nearby. I put on my tallis and tefilin at home and walk to the yard, daven then return home and take ...
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Why do we sometimes repeat shmoneh esrei when we forget yaaleh v'yavo and sometimes not?

It is my understanding that we do not repeat shmoneh esrei when we forget yaaleh v'yavo by maariv on rosh chodesh because maariv is a reshus. Based on this premise why do we repeat shmoneh esrei when ...
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Early Rosh Chodesh

There's a concept of early Shabbos. A person can accept Shabbos early, pray Shabbos Maariv before dark (according to Rabbi Yehudah, who says you can pray after Plag HaMincha; I admit this one is less ...
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Yom Kippur Katan - Source and Composer

Recently there has been many places that say Yom Kippur Katan prayers at Mincha on Erev Rosh Chodesh. What is the source and who composed the Yom Kippur Katan prayers?
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Tefilas Hashlah when Rosh Chodesh Sivan on a Sunday

Teflias Hashlah is traditionally said on the day before Rosh Chodesh Sivan. However, this year, with Rosh Chodesh falling out on Sunday, I heard that it is said on the previous Thursday. Is that true? ...
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Does birchat hachodesh need three people?

Does birchat hachodesh need three (or four) people preferably as a commemoration to Beth Din?
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May one shave/haircut on Friday, Rosh Chodesh Iyar

The Mishneh Berurah (493:5) rules that even those who have the custom not to cut hair or shave during the first half of the sefira are permitted to shave/have a haircut when Rosh Chodesh Iyar falls on ...
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Bracha on Hallel On Rosh Chodesh

The last Tosafos on Masechet Arachin Daf 10 amud Aleph and continuing to amud Beis https://www.yutorah.org/daf.cfm/6039/arachin/10/a/ make a compelling case to recite a Bracha on Hallel. Many Sefardim ...
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Why do we specifically skip Lo Lanu and Ahavti?

On those days on which we skip part of Hallel (i.e. Rosh Chodesh and the last six days of Pesach), why were the first pieces of Tehillim 115 and 116 (Lo Lanu and Ahavti) the pieces chosen to be ...
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Do we, today, cause the Churban?

When, in musaf for Shabbat Rosh Chodesh, we recall the destruction of the Beit Hamikdash, the text indicates not just that our forefathers were responsible for sinning that caused the destruction, or ...
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When did two days of Rosh Hodesh begin and the concept of “doubt”?

I'm trying to understand the historical workings of Rosh Hodesh prior to Sanhedrin. I assume that the entire concept of having possibly 2 days Rosh Hodesh was related to the timing of when witnesses ...
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Why is there a difference when to remove tefillin between Rosh Hodesh vs. Hol Hamo'ed Pesach?

I've read this M.Y. question that explains why tefillin are removed before Musaf on Rosh Hodesh and Hol Hamo'ed. From what I have noticed in Nusach Ashkenaz shuls, on Hol Hamo'ed Pesach, tefillin is ...
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Source for Higher Infant Mortality Rates in the Winter of a Leap Year?

At the shiva for my infant son, someone said that the reason we say kaparat pesha in mussaf rosh chodesh, is that to atone for the sins that cause higher rates of stillbirth, miscarriages, and infant ...
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Why do we have Adar I & Adar II- why don't we give the additional month a new name?

Building off the question of why Adar is chosen as the month to be doubled, why in a leap year do we have an Adar I and Adar II? Why wasn't the additional month given a brand new name?
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Eidim Zomemim in a case of seeing a new moon

As discussed in Maseches Rosh Hashanah, if two witnesses saw the new moon, they'd go to Beis Din to testify they saw it and Beis Din would then declare when Rosh Chodesh would be. But what if these ...
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Why didn't they send messengers for Rosh Chodesh Shevat?

The mishnah in Rosh Hashana 1:3 lists the months when they would send messengers to notify people which day Rosh Chodesh was: Nisan because of Pesach Av because of Tisha Be'av Elul because of Rosh ...
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Was there a bracha on blowing the silver trumpet?

The Torah mentions blowing the silver trumpet at various times during the year (e.g., RH, chagim). Was there a bracha on blowing the silver trumpets?
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Yaaleh V'Yavo said in error when it is not Rosh Chodesh

A fellow is praying the evening Maariv the night after Rosh Chodesh. In error he said Yaaleh V'Yavo. He realizes when he finished Shemona Esrei. Does he have to say over Shemona Esrei?
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“U'l'Kaparat Pesha” said during a leap year

During yesterday's Ben Hashmashot shiur, our Rav read a section from Otzar Hadinim (Eisenstein) (B"N, I'll insert the excerpt later, when I have access, or perhaps someone can edit it in.) that ...
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Yom HaKaseh - Rosh HaShanah

Is it true that Rosh HaShanah is also called Yom HaKeseh, meaning “The Day of the Hiding” or “the Hidden Day.” I noticed that it’s called this way because of Tehillim 81. Is it true it’s also called ...
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Source for candle lighting on Rosh Chodesh

Can I have a source for where does it says that one can/should light candles on erev rosh chodesh? Or is it only on rosh chodesh tevet, why?
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Why is there an apparent “high priority” on reciting all 7 Consolation Haftarot?

Last week, I looked at the back of my shul's Tiqun Kor'im (I forgot which version it is, offhand) and noticed a long paragraphs explaining the different customs of what happens when Shabbat parshat R'...
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Birkas Hachodesh when Rosh Chodesh is Shabbat and Sunday

On Shabbat Mevarchim, Birkas Hachodesh, a prayer announcing when the Rosh Chodesh will be, is said after Kriat Hatorah before Mussaf, containing the following line (with some variations depending on ...
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Musaf Amida for Rosh Chodesh

The Mishna in Rosh Hashono 4 (4) says that originally in the Beis Hamikdosh, evidence of the new moon (of Tishrei) was accepted all the day of the 30th of Elul (which was made holy as a Yom Tov). On ...
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Who should NOT accept upon himself a voluntary fast?

Taanit 12b states that only if one has the ability is fasting positive. The Shulchan Aruch (YD 245:17) states that a melamed a Torah teacher of children should not fast, (see Aruch ha-Shulchan) a ...
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Me'am Lo'ez on not beginning a new mesechta on Rosh Chodesh

It is brought down by the Me'am Lo'ez to Vayikra (page 64) that it is customary not to begin learning a new mesechta on Rosh Chodesh. The footnote gives as a source "Tur; Hagah; Taanis 32; Yoreh Deah ...
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How do we explain the order of requests in the Musaf Amida for Rosh Chodesh?

The requests in the Musaf Amida for Rosh Chodesh are stated in order after the words:חַדֵּשׁ עָלֵינוּ אֶת הַחדֶשׁ הַזֶּה לְטובָה וְלִבְרָכָה ששון וּלְשמְחָה. לִישׁוּעָה וּלְנֶחָמָה. לְפַרְנָסָה ...
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Forgot Yaaleh V'Yavo by Mincha on Erev Shabbos

Rosh Chodesh is on Friday only, and someone forgot to say Ya'aleh V'Yavo in the Mincha Amida. It is now already after nightfall, and he remembers that he omitted it. Must he repeat the Ma'ariv Amidah ...
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Is the year “5778” that will come into effect on 1 Tishrei (tomorrow), six months early or six months late? [closed]

Is the world at least six months older or younger than 5,778 Years? Is the year "5778" that will come into effect on 1 Tishrei (tomorrow), six months early or six months late, knowing that the New ...
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Source for Rema re: Fasting in Sefer Tanya

Orach Chaim Simman 580 Seif 1 the SA writes אֵלּוּ הַיָּמִים שֶׁאֵרְעוּ בָּהֶם צָרוֹת לַאֲבוֹתֵינוּ וְרָאוּי לְהִתְעַנּוֹת בָּהֶם; וְאַף עַל פִּי שֶׁמִּקְּצָתָם בְּרֹאשׁ חֹדֶשׁ, יֵשׁ מִי שֶׁאוֹמֵר ...
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What does Zayin Ayin VeNun mean in the Ashkenazi Yotzer for Shabbos Rosh Chodesh?

In the Ashkenazi Yotzer for Shabbos Rosh Chodesh, the the Paytan (Rabbeinu Binyomin ben Zerach) writes in the "nun" verse "וזיי''ן עיי''ן ןנו''ן פשוטה מכריעות לכלנה" What does this mean? See here
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Maleh month with Rosh Chodesh on Shabbos

Does our Jewish calendar contain a Maleh month with its first day starting on Shabbos (contain parts of six calendar weeks), and if yes, how often does it occur?
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Are there any sages who have written about experiencing a total solar eclipse?

This year, on August 21, 2017, many Americans will have a chance to experience a total solar eclipse. Total solar eclipses were rarely documented before the 10th century of the Common Era. But, I ...
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Why repeat birkas hamazon after omitting “yaale v'yavo” on chol hamoed

Aruch Hashulchan, OC 188:18, cites a difference of opinion regarding the following case. On Shabas which is rosh chodesh, someone says the Shabas addition in birkas hamazon (grace after the meal) but ...
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How was Rosh Chodesh determined, if a New Moon Cannot be Seen?

1. Question / Issue : If a New Moon cannot be seen, then it seems that the first visible confirmation of a New Moon is actually the Waxing Crescent Moon, which can only be observed after the New Moon -...
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Should one be sure to have a bread meal on Rosh Chodesh?

Is there a source for the idea of specially having a bread meal on Rosh Chodesh so that one can say the special insertion for Rosh Chodesh in the grace after meals? related: Rosh Chodesh at home
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What does kaparat pesha' have to do with leap years and Adar II? [duplicate]

In Jewish leap years we add the words ולכפרת פשע and atonement for transgressions to a list of things we ask Hashem for in the coming month during the tefilah of musaf on Rosh Chodesh. We do this ...
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Why are we increasing Simcha when it isn't Adar yet?

Rosh Chodesh is 2 days as today is the 30th of Shevat. Adar doesn't actually begin until tonight. Yet the sense of mishenichnas Adar marbim b'simcha seems to hold sway even today, and not just in the ...
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98 views

How was Rosh Hodesh declared prior to the Sanhedrin?

During the time that the Sanhedrin existed, witnesses had to come to the Sandhedrin and testify to their viewing of the "new" moon. The Sanhedrin would sanctify the month after confirming their ...
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Hakeves echad and not hakeves haechad?

On Rosh Chodesh we read in Bamidbar 28:4"et hakeves echad..." Shouldn't the grammar dictate there be a definite article on adjectives that modify definite nouns? Later in the pasuk it says "hakeves ...
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תדיר vs. טרחה ציבור on Rosh Chodesh Chanukah - which wins? [duplicate]

Tomorrow is Rosh Chodesh & Chanukah, together. Two Sifrei Torah are taken out. The rule of תדיר specifies that we read from Rosh Chodesh first, since Rosh Chodesh occurs more frequently than ...
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Visiting the prophet on Shabbat and Rosh Hodesh

Radak commentary on II Kings 4:23 explains that it was common for women to visit the prophet on Shabbat and Rosh Hodesh. Questions: When did this custom begin? The question that the husband asks the ...
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106 views

Why Tiskabel after Hallel on Rosh Hodesh and not other weekdays of Hanukka?

Why do we say a Tiskabel kaddish after Hallel on Rosh Hodesh and only a half-kaddish after Hallel on the other weekdays of Hanukka? What is the general principle and rationale?
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110 views

What goes on in an Orthodox Women's Rosh Chodesh celebration?

I am vaguely aware that in some Orthodox communities, there are Women's Rosh Chodesh celebrations. As I do not live in such a community (and in any case am not a woman), I don't really have any idea ...
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Wearing tefillin during a bris that comes out on Rosh Chodesh

Generally people don't wear tefillin after musaf on Rosh Chodesh. There is a discussion in the poskim (which mainly seems to be among the mekubalim) if one would wear tefillin on Rosh Chodesh during ...