Questions tagged [non-rabbinic-judaism]

questions about Karaites, Sadducees, Samaritans, Essenes, etc.

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What is the name of the hat of the Karaite hakhams?

I repeatedly noticed a similar headdress not only among the Karaite hakhams, but also among the Romaniote and some Mizrahi rabbis.
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Sefardi/Mizrahi rulings on non-Orthodox denominations

I'm aware why Chatam Sofer and R Feinstein had such harsh and castigating stances on associating/celebrating with non-Orthodox Jews or entering those prayer spaces, as they were actively fighting the ...
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Did Ashkenazi Yiddish-speaking (not Crimean Turkic!) Karaites exist?

From the book by Murad El-Kodsi "The Karaite Communities in Poland, Lithuania, Russia and Crimea": Actually, there were two groups, the Ashkenazi Karaites and the Karaylar [Crimean Karaites]...
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233 views

According to the Karaites, who invented the Oral tradition?

I've been searching for closing in on eight hours trying to find a source from a Karaite about who they think created the rabbinic Oral law. I heard someone claim that Karaites believe Moses created ...
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60 views

Chronology in Karaite selicha

In a Karaite siddur from 1527-9 (link, pg. 514), in the section of selichot, there's one selicha that's similar to the rabbinical selicha "מי שענה ל...הוא יעננו". In this case, it's "...
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380 views

How would a Rabbinic Jew refute the Karaites' claims?

How would a Rabbinic Jew refute the Karaites claims? That they're the original Judaism? That their customs are correct and ours are wrong? Will you please provide sources too?
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392 views

Is interfaith dialogue with Karaites permitted?

R' Joseph Soloveitchik famously objects to interfaith dialogue. @mbloch provides a thorough examination of the halachic issues surrounding interfaith dialogue. My question is, while this obviously ...
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152 views

Did Ashkenazi Karaites exist?

Did Ashkenazi (or Yiddish-speaking) Karaites exist? Theoretically, such communities could exist in Ukraine and Lithuania. Are there any examples of the same communities?
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346 views

Why do Karaite Jews wear a kippah in synagogues?

As far as I know, the only commandments followed by Karaites are those that are in explicitly stated in the Torah. Why wear a yarmulke if this isn't commanded in the Torah? Here is a link about ...
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152 views

Is Brahmoism Avodah Zarah?

Sometime during the eighteenth century, Rammohun Roy, an educated revenue officer from West Bengal who was influenced by Christianity of the East India Company, founded the "anusthanic" ...
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Is there a Karaite answer to the Kuzari?

According to Wikipedia, the Kuzari was originally written as a reply by Rabbi Yehudah Halevi to a heretic, likely a Spanish Karaite. Indeed, sections of the book are dedicated to refuting the Karaite ...
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How many threads in the 'Tzitzit' of Karaites?

According to the rabbinical tradition, there are 8 threads in each side of the Tzitzit. How many threads in the 'Tzitzit' of Karaites?
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M'karev an elder reformed fellow

Say I wanted to learn with an elder fellow (80s) who's always Been irreligious his entire life. What should I learn with him to bring him to Religion. Keep in mind: He can read Hebrew, he believes in ...
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Rabbinic influences in the Karaite Siddur

The KJA Siddur appears to have a number of instances of influence from the Rabbinic liturgy. Some examples of note, based on a brief perusal: Page 2: The brachah on tzitzis. (The questions there ...
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179 views

Do Karaite Jewish hold of the 39 melachos?

Do Karaite Jewish hold of the 39 melachos? I've tried to get information about it and I couldn't find. I found that they deny 39 melachos, but it doesn't say to me if they have more melachos or less.
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606 views

Do Karaite Jews believe in Mashiach?

I was curious about where Karaite Jews sit on the topic of Mashiach considering they reject Rabbinical Judaism and only accept the original Five Books as their standard. The vast majority of the ...
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186 views

What is the modern Karaite community's relationship with Rabbinic Judaism?

I'm familiar with Karaism, and as I understand it, Karaites are not considered "Jews" by Rabbinic Jews, at least not in the traditional sense. What is the perspective of the Rabbinic Jewish community ...
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Is anyone against the rational teachings of Maimonides?

I am new to Judaism and am intrigued by Maimonides and his teachings but I do not know the opinions of this particular teacher - a man of such vigor and influence - by the many different congregations ...
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114 views

Why were Mishmarot a concern in the Qumran calendar?

I'm researching various sources regarding the Qumran calendar. I don't understand why there was a concern for incorporating the 24 priestly "watches" (mishmarot) (Refer to I Chronicles 4 for ...
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What message is the "witness" on Rosh Hashanah 22b trying to convey?

The gemara in Rosh Hashanah 22b quotes a beraisa which tells the story of the בייתוסים trying to trick the chachamim into establishing the new month on the wrong date: בראשונה היו מקבלין עדות החדש ...
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75 views

Aramaic word from Col. 22 of the Dead Sea Scrolls Genesis Apocryphon: אשכח

I want to apologize in advance if this is not the type of question for this forum. I have been searching around and unfortunately there do not seem to be any places specifically for asking questions ...
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431 views

Did Karaites wear Teffilin at all?

I saw this recently: "If one, G-d forbid, [is not careful to place the tefillin above his hairline and instead] puts the tefillin on his forehead, he is following a custom of the Karites, and has ...
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280 views

Do Karaites have the Kabbalah?

When studying the Kabbalah it is clear that the tradition of its wisdom did not start at Mount Sinai but dates back to the creation of the world (a hint here): וכתוב בשער הספר כי המלאך רזיאל מסר את ...
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244 views

How did Tzedukim practice fundamental Halachic principles not mentioned in the written Torah?

Many basic and fundamental Halachic principles are not mentioned in the Torah at all but learned by the Sages only from some [even seemingly unrelated] Psukim. For example, Kiddushin is not mentioned ...
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180 views

Hizzuk Emunah in Hebrew online

Hizzuk Emunah ("Faith Strengthened") is a Jewish response to Christian missionaries, composed by Lithuanian Karaite scholar, Isaac ben Abraham of Troki. I managed to find an English version of this ...
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Interpretations agreed upon by Karaite and Rabbinic scholars

There's a vague verse in parshas Mishpatim which is a good prototype for my question: מְלֵאָתְךָ֥ וְדִמְעֲךָ֖ לֹ֣א תְאַחֵ֑ר בְּכ֥וֹר בָּנֶ֖יךָ תִּתֶּן־לִּֽי׃ Literally: do not delay your full ...
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138 views

What once made the Karaite movement popular?

Karaites appeared and became numerous about 1,000 years ago but have since largely disappeared. What is it about Karaite philosophy or practice that made it popular a thousand years ago?
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How did the Boethusians linked the morrow after the Shabat with the Shabat Chol HaMoed Pesach?

In Menachot 65a-66a (according to the Sefaria translation): The Boethusians say, Shavuot falls on a Sunday [because they hold that "the day after the Shabbat" refers to the Sunday after Shabbat Chol ...
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214 views

Is one who only keeps Rabbinic laws he agrees with a Apikores?

There is a world famous Jewish speaker who believes in Torah Misinai and the like but only keeps the Rabbinic laws that make sense to him. For example, he does not keep Yom Tov Sheini in Chutz La'...
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350 views

Karaites in Australia?

I’m interested in Karaism, but from what I can tell, there are none in my native Australia. I’m not planning on visiting the Bay Area. Does anybody know who and where the Karites are in this country?...
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138 views

Purpose for stating unlikely hava aminah

The Gemarra and Midrashei Halacha are filled with the phrases יכול...ת"ל שומע אני...ת"ל אתה אומר...או אינו אלא I don't know if there's any difference between them, but they all introduce a hava ...
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Why have Samaritans not built a temple on Mt. Gerizim? [closed]

According to the Samaritan Pentateuch, Mt. Gerizim is the place where Hashem would like his Temple constructed. No temple currently stands on Mt. Gerizim. The reasons (political and theological) that ...
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358 views

Is the Samaritan Sabbath Year Concurrent with the Shmita?

Samaritan literature claim they observe a Sabbatical Year, and presumably a cycle of sevens in their calendar. However it is difficult to find actual years that this was practiced. The only concrete ...
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210 views

Does Karaite Judaism necessarily reject the Documentary Hypothesis? [closed]

If a person believes that the written Torah contains thematic truths as a result of foreknowledge and intent by G-d, but that words of the Torah itself have been influenced by the affairs of mankind (...
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328 views

Non halachic converts at shabbos table

We recently had a married couple as seder guests and found out that they are in the process of a reconstructionist (non halachic ) conversion. They seemed interested in coming to a future shabbat meal....
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How did Chazal attain its continued acceptance?

My question is: How did Chazal attain its authority? More specifically, how did the Pharisees who evolved into Chazal beat out the Sadducees who would later become practically extinct (some say that ...
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280 views

Order of Karaite prayers

I was privileged to find a Karaite prayer book on the web, and it is the one edited by Nehemia Gordon in consultation with R’ Moshe Dabah based on the Avraham Firkovich Edition, originally published ...
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178 views

Will Samaritans Become Jews When Moshiach Comes

I know in the Talmud there was a dispute whether or not Samaritans were actually Jews, so when moshiach comes will Samaritans become Jewish or will they just become a Bnei Noachide, also will ...
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74 views

Why Shavuos on Sunday

Rashi on Rosh Hashana 22 omud 2 says that the baytusim wanted the 1st day of sefirah and Shavuos to fall on Sunday because of the possuk which says ממחרת השבת which they interpret literally, that the ...
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The story of the Minim and Boethusians; trying to fix the festival of Shavuot on Sunday

I've found different sources like the Mishnah, Babylonian Talmud (tractate Rosh HaShanah), Jerusalem Talmud, Tosefta etc., talking about the Minim and the Boethusians who wanted to fix the festival of ...
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Do Karaite Jews Celebrate Chanuka?

As far as I know, Karaite Judaism recognizes the Tanakh only as its source of Jewish Law and practice. However Karaites do celebrate Purim based on the Book of Esther, so they do observe non-mosaic ...
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851 views

How Was the Karaite Biblical Canon Determined?

Rabbinic Judaism codifies its biblical canon, The Tanakh, in the Talmud (B.B 14b). Karaite Judaism rejects rabbinic tradition. At the same time, it recognizes the very same Tanakh only as its source ...
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423 views

Do Karaites Celebrate Purim?

Karaite Judaism recognizes the Tanakh only as its source of Jewish Law and practice. The Tanakh includes the Book of Esther. A simple reading of Esther 9:20-32 has at least some segment of Jews ...
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172 views

Does apocalyptic Judaism still exist? [closed]

In studying the history of Christianity, and therefore, the historical context of the early Jesus Movement, which was obviously a Jewish context, I have been led to understand that in the first ...
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Are Samaritans viewed as adherents of Judaism?

In Judaism, particularly from an Orthodox perspective, are Samaritans seen as fellow Jews? Sometimes I see their religion referred to as 'Samaritanism', sometimes as Judaism. Also, is it halachically ...
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172 views

Kaarite rebuttal of the new testament

A while ago I was pointed to a Kaarite rebuttal of the New testament from a few centuries ago. I found it online with an interactive chapter by chapter format. Now I can't remember the name or find it ...
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246 views

Disproving Samaritan practices/beliefs?

Are there any Counter-Samaritan proofs or essays that anyone out there knows of, i.e. Torah-based proof as to the fallacy of their practices/beliefs? Thank you.
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How do Karaites shecht?

Simlah Chadasha writes (2:25) that those groups of people that do not accept the validity of the Oral Torah such as צדוקים (Sadducees) is acceptable, because even though all laws of kosher slaughter ...
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409 views

Why do the Samaritans perform the Passover sacrifice while Jews do not? [closed]

Most of the sacrifices which are commanded in the Torah are connected with the Temple, which no longer exists. Based on the Talmud, we therefore do not make sacrifices. Instead, we recite prayers ...
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411 views

Entering / Davening in a Karaite synagogue

Is one permitted to enter and/or daven in a Karaite synagogue nowadays (according to Rabbinite law)?