Questions tagged [beis-hamikdash]

Relating to (one or two) of the two Temples that stood in Jerusalem.

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6
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1answer
125 views

Temple Institute menorah

Recently I was zoche to visit Eretz Yisroel, and my family went on the Temple Institute (Mechon Hamikdash) tour, very interesting. They showed their beautiful menorah, which they said had been made ...
4
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1answer
174 views

How does the Motza Temple fit into our tradition?

This place is about a mile away from my home and I frequently ran in that area for years and saw the archeological site, until they announced that they've found a Jewish Temple running in parallel to ...
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1answer
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Did Levites minister within the Temple building itself or just its courts?

Although I am not Jewish, I have a keen interest in the Jewish Scriptures, and am currently looking at the building of the Temple by Solomon. In the book of Chronicles, it records how King David ...
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1answer
59 views

is the third temple an “Heavenly one”?

Mordechai Kedar and Edy Cohen (Main israeli political activists in Arabic media) Says that The Third temple Will come down from heaven, is not a human build, is there any evidence for that?
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1answer
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Can “round” refer to an ellipse, in the case that ratio of circumference to length is 3:1?

As quoted in Eruvin 14a, from Kings I 7:23, we know that Shlomo's pool was round, measuring 10 across and 30 around. There have been discussions about how the ratio of these (3:1) is only an ...
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1answer
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Did people use the Shem hameforash during the time of the First Temple? [duplicate]

Many people (especially the kings of Judah) seemed to use the suffix 'yahu' in their names, which seems to be related to the actual four-letter name. Are there any sources on this? Did the Neviim of ...
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1answer
76 views

To which tzadik was revealed the melodies of the Beis Hamikdash

I recall hearing that a certain tzadik - I think it was the Maharal - was revealed to him the tunes from the Beis Hamikdash and we now use these tunes for Rosh Hashanah such as the tune for Yisgadal. ...
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Why was the first Temple destroyed? [duplicate]

Why was the first Temple destroyed? The Talmud says it's because the people engaged in idolatry, adultery and murder. Yoma 9b But after the 55 disastrous years of King Menashe, during which he all ...
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What was the function of the side chambers (tzela'ot)?

In the 3rd Temple, the prophet Ezekiel (in ch. 41) mentions a bunch of these cubicles but I can't find any function. In The Third Beit Hamikdash 4 doesn't really mention anything besides blueprints ...
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Help trying to find the lifespan of an ancient rabbi

Zohar (Vayikra 10a) quotes a sefer by R. Hamnunab [Hanunah] Sabah, a sage of Second Beit HaMikdash times. Thing is, I can't pin-point the lifespan. Can someone help me with this? Toda.
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2answers
471 views

Was Jeremiah alive during the rebuilding of the temple?

Was Jeremiah alive during the rebuilding of the temple? Please cite your sources.
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Do Kohanim fast on Yom Kippur in the Bet Hamikdash?

Do Kohanim fast on Yom Kippur in the Bet Hamikdash? I'm doubting it because I know that on this day they should sacrifice offerings, and as far as I know they should eat from it too. Also according ...
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2answers
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What was the purpose of the tiny rooms surrounding the Heichal?

What was the purpose of the tiny rooms surrounding the Heichal? I've never seen anything about how they were used, but there are a lot of them and they are in a very holy place.
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1answer
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Can Avodah Zarah acquire a state of Hekdesh?

What's the Halachic status of Avodah Zarah which someone somehow pronounced Hekdesh (even accidentally, like choosing the wrong jug of oil)? Does the Avodah Zarah accept Hekdesh? If it can become ...
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Was there a Soreg in Bayit Rishon?

I understand there was a little fence in Bayit Sheni called "HaSoreg"/"The Grille" which was meant to warn away gentiles and tme'im from entering the Chayil part of Har Habayit (according to the ...
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1answer
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How did the Kohanim eat in the Azara?

As far as I know, it was forbidden to sit in the Azara unless you were a king descended from David. So it seems the Kohanim must have been forced to stand while eating their portions of the Kodshei ...
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1answer
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Why is the Mizbe'ach in Al Hamichya?

Why is the Mizbe'ach specifically mentioned in Me'en Shalosh blessing yet not particularly mentioned in benching which instead discusses the entirety of the Beis HaMikdash?
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1answer
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Berachot 3a - Verb choices regarding Temple destruction

Pesikta Rabasi (28 mid.) suggests that there are two aspects of the Temple. An upper [spiritual] one and a lower [physical] one. אחריבנו אמר רבי תחליפא בר קרויה באותה שעה נכנסו כל מלאכי השרת ועמדו ...
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2answers
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Why was it improper to stick out a thumb in the Temple?

The Mishnah says, in Yoma 2:1, “the assigner [of tasks] would tell [all of] them: "Stick out your fingers [for the procedure to assign the task]." And what would they stick out? Either one or two [...
3
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2answers
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Why didn't our forefathers build a Temple?

Following my previous question "why-did-our-forefathers-live-in-tents-in-israel-and-not-in-houses": The concept of a Temple is not new, Yaakov already called the place "בית אלהים". However, as we can ...
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3answers
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Can a yeshiva be holier than Beis Hamikdosh?

Rambam in his Mishneh Torah (Prayer and the Priestly Blessing 11:14) states that a hall of study is holier than a synagogue. This raises an interesting question if a hall of study can be holier than ...
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Orientation of Kahati's map of the Beis Hamikdash

R' Kahati's map of the Beis Hamikdash - that is printed just before the beginning of Meseches Midos - has South at the top and North at the bottom. I have always found this a little confusing, being ...
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Were Kohanim in the Temple obligated in Torah reading?

Following "synagogue-in-the-temple", In the times of the Second Temple, assuming that not all Kohanim were involved in Temple Service all the time: Were they obligated in Torah reading and was ...
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1answer
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What is meant by “synagogue” in the Temple in Sota 7.8?

THe Mishna (Sotah 7.8) describes the order of transferring a Torah scroll to the King for reading on Hakhel: חַזַּן הַכְּנֶסֶת נוֹטֵל סֵפֶר תּוֹרָה וְנוֹתְנָהּ לְרֹאשׁ הַכְּנֶסֶת, וְרֹאשׁ הַכְּנֶסֶת ...
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1answer
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Which Books in English Go into Kabbalistic Depth of the Beit Hamikdash?

Looking for a reference book in English from the mekorot on every aspect of the Beit Hamikdash.
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Is there a timetable of the Yom Kippur Avodah available?

I'm trying to get a sense of how long each part of the Kohen Gadol's day was. I have the impression that the (outer) Musaf offering took much longer than the Torah reading, but I have no idea how much ...
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What does Genesis 8:21 promise and why?

JPS Bereshith/Genesis 8:21 And the Lord smelled the pleasant aroma, and the Lord said to Himself, "I will no longer curse the earth because of man, for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his ...
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How many Cohanim and Levi'im worked in the Temple daily?

How many Cohanim and Levi'im worked in the Temple daily (excluding supporting professions, like preparing woods or oils) and how many of them stayed there for sleep?
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Was there a synagogue inside the Temple?

I vaguely remember seeing in Mishnayos (probably second half of Moed, maybe Taanis - potentially in connection to where the Maamados said their Tefillos - but can't find it now) that there was a Shul ...
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335 views

What direction did the Great Sanhedrin face?

In the standard scheme of the Temple and the Great Sanhedrin, taking the fact that they sat in an arc, what direction did they face - South (Altar), East (Ezrat Nashim), West(K"K) or North (wall)? I'...
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59 views

Is there any connection between the Sotah, the Mizbeiach, and the Beis HaMikdash keychain?

In exactly three contexts, the Mishnah notes that there was an amah square marble slab with a ring, using exactly the same language each time. The first is in Sotah 2:2, regarding the Sotah procedure:...
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1answer
180 views

Why didn't the Jews appoint a king before rebuilding the temple?

In the times of Ezra and Nechemia the temple was rebuilt. Rambam codifies that the mitzvah to appoint a king comes before the mitzvah to build the temple. If that is the case why didn't the Jews ...
3
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2answers
267 views

How to reduce Sinas Chinam

Sinas Chinam (baseless hatred) is often given as the reason why Moshiach hasn't come and we don't have the 3rd Beis HaMikdash (Holy Temple). Are there any sources for what we can do on a personal ...
3
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3answers
340 views

Should religious Jews look forward to the resumption of animal sacrifices?

I am trying to integrate all the facts and thoughts listed below to answer the following question: Should I hope for the resumption of animal sacrifices? 1-Prayers for rebuilding the Temple and ...
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Does an Ir Miklat citizen man have property?

Can (does) one who has murdered and must go to a refuge city own property there? Specifically real estate, this would make a difference regarding his obligation to come to the temple three times a ...
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During the Second Temple period, did the High Priest wear an additional crown on their headdress?

The High Priest's headdress was to be made of fine linen on which a gold plate was attached: 36 You shall make a frontlet of pure gold and engrave on it the seal inscription: "Holy to the LORD." 37 ...
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1answer
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Does anyone attempt to make sense out of the claim that korbanos won't resume?

I've occasionally seen people claim that korbanos won't resume in the time of Mashiach. The people I usually see mentioned in association with this claim are Rambam and Rav Kook. The obvious ...
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1answer
108 views

Why will sacrifices resume if prayer and repentence suffice?

When the Beis Hamikdash is restored, sacrifices are supposed to resume. But why? For centuries now we have been taught that the offerings of our lips replace bullocks. For what reason does korbonot ...
6
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1answer
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How does one get an animal off of the Altar surreptitiously?

The Mishna, in Zevachim 9:3, lists blemished animals among those that are inherently invalid for the Altar, such that if they are brought up onto it, they are brought down again. Then, R' Chanina, ...
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2answers
57 views

Recommendation for Temple archeological tour

It's been a while since I have visited the archeological sites near the Temple area. I believe that you appreciate what you read in history is best appreciated by personally seeing it. As I plan to ...
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Does the Talmud discuss “Solomon's Pools”

I recall visiting Solomon's Pools, located a bit south of Bethlehem, years ago, before it became "Area A". Wikipedia says: The water system based on Solomon's Pools has provided water to ...
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What Caused Jerusalem to be Destroyed?

The Gemara states the following: Abaye said: Jerusalem was destroyed only because people desecrated the Shabbos in it (Shabbos 119b) Rabbi Abbahu said: Jerusalem was destroyed only because its ...
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1answer
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Were there backups for the Temple tools?

We all know the importance of backups. Many Temple tools were [seemingly] crucial for everyday tasks: Menorah, Table, Gold Altar, Ash of the Red Heifer, etc. It would take (probably) days to replace ...
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1answer
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In the 2nd temple period were either the tabernacle or the temple ever referred to as “heaven and earth”?

I have read that in the 2nd temple period the tabernacle and/or the temple were referred to as "heaven and earth". And that the holy place was heaven and the outer court was earth? Is that so?
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What did people know about Moshiach in the times of the Beis Hamikdash?

When did the 'coming of Moshiach' become a thing in Judaism? When was it first discussed in Jewish literature? Did people in the times of the first or second Beis Hamikdash think that life as they ...
4
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1answer
109 views

Kohen with eyeglasses

Is having imperfect eyesight that requires the wearing of eyeglasses a problem for a Kohen? The question is two-fold: 1) Does the imperfect eyesight render him a ba'al mum (physical blemish) which ...
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1answer
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What was the “cast sea” or “molten sea” יָם מוּצָק specifically used for and by whom?

What was the "cast sea" or "molten sea" יָם מוּצָק specifically used for and by whom? It appears to be also known as "Yam sheasah Shlomo". https://www.sefaria.org/Yoma.58b?lang=bi What was it used ...
3
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1answer
80 views

Where in the Temple does the Shechina sit?

The Temple is G-d's "דירה בתחתונים" (see תנחומא נשא טז: "נתאוה הקב"ה להיות לו דירה בתחתונים" G-d sits on a chair (כיסא כבוד) in Heaven The Temple includes a Menorah, a table, a private chamber (K"K), ...
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2answers
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The butterfly effect in Judaism [closed]

The "butterfly effect" is when very small changes produce very large effects. In Judaism, the Talmud [Gittin 55b-56a; also Lamentations Rabbah 4:3] gives us an example: "The destruction of Jerusalem ...
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1answer
51 views

How precise were the Temples' directions (East/North)

Calculating the true astronomical North/South is very simple - find the longest way and cast a shadow. Are there sources on how precise those directions in the Temples were? Are there special Jewish ...

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