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Questions tagged [beis-hamikdash]

Relating to (one or two) of the two Temples that stood in Jerusalem.

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How did they engrave the Choshen Mishpat stones for the Second Temple? [duplicate]

The Gemara sounds like they used the mysterious shamir worm to engrave the words on the Avnei Miluim on the Choshen. My impression is that they didn't have that in the times of the Second Temple, so ...
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Could a Kohen become liable for disqualifying a sacrifice?

I've been studying Masechet Zevachim, and it seems very easy for a sacrifice to become invalid. Even if it doesn't become invalid, it seems that even the slightest mistake can force the person ...
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Sample Temple diaspora rabbinic responsum

Are there any books which present, in the traditional rabbinic responsum format, questions that could or would arise throughout temple life (or just the temple)? [And thus answer them based on ...
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1answer
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What was the cost of the communal and individual korbanot?

The korbanot include cattle, lambs, goats, birds, and meal-offerings of various types. How much would each one cost (in Talmudic money or in today's?), and what was the total cost of the communal ...
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Does the Beis Hamikdash require Mezuzos?

The Shema says וּכְתַבְתָּ֛ם עַל־מְזוּזֹ֥ת בֵּיתֶ֖ךָ וּבִשְׁעָרֶֽיךָ - on the doorpost of your houses and gates. I've always thought of the Beis Hamikdash as God's house [and gates], does the Beis ...
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What kind of flute was used in the temple, according to the mishna?

In Mishna there are several mentions of the use of flute, there were used at the time of the Bet Mikdash, see below a few examples. I am interested to know if we have some knowledge about the type of ...
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Was there a duplicate of the Aron Hakodesh?

The Rambam writes in Hilchos Klei Mikdash (7:19) that all the vessels in the Beis Hamikdash had duplicates (and duplicates of the duplicates) just in case a vessel became impure. Did the Aron Hakodesh ...
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If Jordan relinquished their claim over the Temple Mount, would the Israeli Government be obligated to build a Beis HaMikdash?

Is there a commandment incumbent on the Jewish ppl to rebuild the Beis HaMikdash? Does that command only apply if they have sovereignty in that specific area?
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Is this christian rendering of the Temple accurate?

This 3D virtual-reality animation, does it look accurate according to Jewish sources? Screenshot: Additional screenshots: https://imgur.com/a/nZTpRL0 Source video: https://youtu.be/EHs07DVRzOs
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Why is Tikun Chatzos said specifically at Chatzos? What's so special about Chatzos?

The Shulchan Aruch writes in Orach Chaim 1:3 ראוי לכל ירא שמים שיהא מיצר ודואג על חורבן בית המקדש It is fitting for every person who has fear of Heaven to be anguished and concerned ...
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Who had the authority to change the Shir Shel Yom of Chanukah?

As has been pointed out previously, the source of which Shir Shel Yom to say on Chanukah (Psalms 30) is in Ch. 18:2 of Masechet Sofrim. Masechet Sofrim seems to make a break between those Shir Shel ...
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Bringing korbanos for prior obligations when bais hamikdash is rebuilt [duplicate]

I remember learning that there were very prominent Rabbaniom (Chafetz Chaim) who would write down which korbanos he would be obligated to bring when the Bais hamikdash would be built . Why do we ...
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If a Kohen donates a kidney is he considered a Bal Moom for purposes of doing an Avodah?

If a Kohen donates a kidney, is he considered a Bal Moom for purposes of doing an Avodah in the future Bais hamikdash? On the one hand, the missing organ is not visible. On the other hand, a cataract ...
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1answer
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Melacha and Korbanot in the Beit HaMikdash [duplicate]

We know sacrifices were offered - in the case of burnt offerings, put on the fire- in the Beit HaMikdash on Shabbat and Yom Tov, in fact extra ("Mussaf") offerings were made on such days. In addition ...
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Online Depictions of the Colorful Second Temple

Are there any artistic depictions, available online, of the multicolored appearance of the Second Temple, based on archaeological finds (see, e.g., here), or, e.g., the depiction of the blue/green and ...
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Tradition-Based Depictions of the Third Temple

Are there any artistic depictions of the third Temple and/or future Jerusalem, available online, that are rooted in traditional descriptions, such as Ezekiel 40-47 and related midrashim?
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Can we go back to using musical instruments in synagogues when the Temple is rebuilt?

We stopped using musical instruments in the synagogue after the Temple was destroyed, as a sign of mourning. We used them before that time (see Psalm 150). When the Temple is rebuilt, does halacha ...
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2answers
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What was the order of “Shacharit” in the Bet Hamikdash?

I'm assuming that the majority of the format of the Siddur that we currently have and use did not exist during the time of the 1st Bet Hamikdash. Perhaps, by the 2nd Bet Hamikdash, some items were ...
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Distance between foundation stone and western wall

What is the distance between the foundation stone and the western wall? Does the Talmud or anything say anything about the distance?
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Can items for the Temple Be Written in Ivri?

The halakha is that scrolls of the Torah, mezuzot, and parchments for tefillin must be written in Ashuri. But what about items used for the Temple Service? Such as the tzitz (crown that the Kohen ...
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How big was the Lishkas HaGazis?

This question asks about how the elders were seated in the Lishkah. Seeing how poorly-sourced the OP’s dimensions were, I thought I’d ask it myself. We’re told that the Lishkah was halfway in the ...
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2answers
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Origin of the minhag to hold the kiddush cup in one's palm

There is a minhag which many have while reciting kiddush which is to hold the kiddush cup in the palm of the hand, with the fingers pointing upward without touching the cup. I have heard two ...
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1answer
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Can we get the Beis Hamikdash up and running by Yom Kippur?

The rebuilding of the 3rd בית המקדש seems to be rather ambiguous. Especially, often with phrases like ‘Moshiach will come today (or tomorrow!)!’ And then that being equated with the immediate building ...
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Fitting the Sanhedrin (150) into Lishkat Hagazit (10x15 feet chamber)?

Here's the Tifferes Isroel's plan of the Temple drown to scale (on the bottom), which aligns with the plan of the Second Temple on the WIKI, According to those plans, the size of the whole Lishkat ...
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1answer
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Why were there so many Karbanos Eitzim in Av, and so few during the rest of the year?

Taanis 4:4 introduces the concept of Karbanos Eitzim. The Gemara (28a) explains what was so special about these days: ת"ר למה הוצרכו לומר זמן עצי כהנים והעם אמרו כשעלו בני הגולה לא מצאו עצים בלשכה ...
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Practical Implications of 20 Av

Are there any changes in davening or daily practice on the 20th of Av? The Gemara lists the date as among those which marked the donation of wood to the Temple by particular families. The 20th seems ...
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What is the halacha regarding archeological digging near the Temple Mount?

Follow up to this question that discusses the holiness of the stone that fell off the Western Wall. What is the halachic status regarding any kedusha (holiness) in doing archeological excavations on ...
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1answer
491 views

Status of stones that fell out of the Kotel

On the day after Tisha B'Av 5778 a 400Kg (estimated) stone fell off the Kotel. It was subsequently moved - for safekeeping - close to the Gate of the Moors, a.k.a. the Mughrabi Gate. Meanwhile, the ...
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Each generation in which the Temple wasn't rebuilt it's as if it was destroyed anew

I've often heard the phrase "In each generation in which the Temple isn't rebuilt, it's as if it was destroyed anew". כל דור שלא נבנה בית המקדש בימיו, כאילו נחרב בימיו. I'm trying to find the ...
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Correcting a blemish to do avodah in the Bais Hamikdash

I was learning Hilchos Bias Hamikdash chapter 8 which discusses the specific blemishes of a human which disqualify a kohen fron doing avodah in the mikdash. One of the blemishes is a Unibrow(one long ...
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1answer
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What size was the Mizrak to catch blood in the Beis Ha'Mikdash?

The Gemorah .זבחים כה says that the Cohen receiving the blood of a korbon must catch all the blood. That is the Dam HaNefesh - the blood flowing out of the neck. Assuming the average cow has around ...
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Ezekiel 37:27-28 My Mishkan v.s. My Mikdash

Ezekiel 37:27-28 reads something like: My dwelling-place also shall be over them; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. And the nations shall know that I am the LORD that sanctify ...
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Mikdash, Mishkan, Ohel

First: What's the definition of the term Mikdash? I noticed that the Kehatim, where bearers of the 'Mikdash', "they shall bear", where it is in fact the Ark of the Covenant that is referred to as the '...
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1answer
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How did the Cohanim walk around the Mizbeach?

I'm finding it very difficult indeed to understand how the Cohanim walked around the Mizbeach on a ledge which was only one Amoh wide but was also six Amos above the floor... Seems to me that they'd ...
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1answer
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Heaven is also a place among us?

The Targum Yonathan on Isaiah 6:3 teaches that "the most exalted heaven is the dwelling place of His Presence". Likewise Isaiah 66:1 teaches that heaven is His throne. But then I came acrosse these ...
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1answer
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How long did the Second Temple stand?

The classic Jewish sources (Seder Olam, accepted and cited Bavli in several locations; for example, see the discussion on Avoda Zara 9a) state that Bayis Sheini (the Second Temple) stood for 420 years....
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Do Jews interpret the destruction of the second temple as an act of judgment (as the destruction of the first temple was explained)? [duplicate]

Do Jews interpret the destruction of the second temple as an act of judgment (as the destruction of the first temple was explained)?: What is the explanation for the destruction of the First Temple? ...
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Is there a list of every vessel used in the Beit HaMikdash?

In the beginning of Ezra it says that Cyrus returned thousands of vessels of the Beit HaMikdash. I would like to know if there is a comprehensive list of all the vessels that were created and/or used ...
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1answer
385 views

How much water could the tub Shlomo made hold?

In 1 Kings 7:26 it says the tub King Shlomo made for the Beit HaMikdash could hold 2,000 "בַּ֖ת" which various commentaries explain differently. However, whatever the proper translation in 2 Divrei ...
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is there a list of the 93 vessels used in the temple daily?

The mishna in tamid 3:4 indicates there were 93 keilim used in the Beit HaMikdash daily. Is there a source which lists all 93?
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Was Yonah able to visit the Beis HaMikdash? What about other prophets of his time?

In Yonah's prayer, he indicates that he will survive being swallowed by the fish, and still make it to the Beis HaMikdash. But wait a minute ... Yonah certainly spent time in the North Kingdom, as ...
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1answer
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The comparison of the altar with the heart

I read this on the Chabad website In his Likkutei Torah (Devarim 78d) Rabbi Schneur Zalman of Liadi explains that the altars form the whole heart of the Jew. And corresponding to the two altars ...
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What are “rashei pispasin”?

In Middot 2:6 and 4:5, it says that רָאשֵׁי פִסְפָּסִין divided between different areas of the Beit haMikdash, specifically between the Ezrat Kohanim and Ezrat Yisrael, and between the areas above the ...
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1answer
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How did the priests dress in the temple and why?

The priests in the temple dressed very specifically, i.e. with a golden belt around the chest and a very high hat. Why? What does the talmud say about that and where can i find that information?
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Did foreknowledge stop people?

If I recall correctly, there are a variety of stories that allude to prophecies about the destruction of 2 temples. For example, the Bereishit Rabba to 45:14 reads, " אֶלָּא אָמַר רַבִּי אֶלְעָזָר ...
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Binyomin didn't bow to Eisav

The Torah Temimah to Bereishis 32 #9, in order to answer a different question, cites the "Aggados", that the Beis Hamikdash was built in the portion of Binyomin because he was the only one of the sons ...
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Did the Maccabees properly restore the temple?

In the fourth chapter of 1 Maccabees it outlines the steps the Maccabees took to restore the Beit HaMikdash including disassembling the defiled altar (verses 43-46) repairing the utensils, placing the ...
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Evidence of 2nd Temple Liturgy @Temple &/or Synagogue

Friends, I have tried & failed to find really firm documented evidence of 2nd temple period Liturgy used either in Temple services or among the Judean or extra-Judean synagogues. What I find ...
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1answer
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Were the temples anointed?

Exodus 30:22-31 and Leviticus 8 describe the procedure for making holy oil and anointing the tabernacle. Did this action suffice for all time, or was an 'anointing' repeated when Solomon built the ...
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1answer
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Ezekiel's Vision of the Temple

Since the Temple built after the Babylonian Captivity did not conform to Ezekiel's vision (Chapters 40-42), why is what he wrote not considered a false prophecy? Chaim Clorphene in 'The Third Temple: ...