Questions tagged [beis-hamikdash]

Relating to (one or two) of the two Temples that stood in Jerusalem.

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Where (in relation to the Jerusalem temple) did Jacob's dream take place in Genesis 28:19?

Was Jacob's stone pillow the location of Solomon's temple?:
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Why didn't the Jews appoint a king before rebuilding the temple?

In the times of Ezra and Nechemia the temple was rebuilt. Rambam codifies that the mitzvah to appoint a king comes before the mitzvah to build the temple. If that is the case why didn't the Jews ...
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How to reduce Sinas Chinam

Sinas Chinam (baseless hatred) is often given as the reason why Moshiach hasn't come and we don't have the 3rd Beis HaMikdash (Holy Temple). Are there any sources for what we can do on a personal ...
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Should religious Jews look forward to the resumption of animal sacrifices?

I am trying to integrate all the facts and thoughts listed below to answer the following question: Should I hope for the resumption of animal sacrifices? 1-Prayers for rebuilding the Temple and ...
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Does an Ir Miklat citizen man have property?

Can (does) one who has murdered and must go to a refuge city own property there? Specifically real estate, this would make a difference regarding his obligation to come to the temple three times a ...
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During the Second Temple period, did the High Priest wear an additional crown on their headdress?

The High Priest's headdress was to be made of fine linen on which a gold plate was attached: 36 You shall make a frontlet of pure gold and engrave on it the seal inscription: "Holy to the LORD." 37 ...
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Does anyone attempt to make sense out of the claim that korbanos won't resume?

I've occasionally seen people claim that korbanos won't resume in the time of Mashiach. The people I usually see mentioned in association with this claim are Rambam and Rav Kook. The obvious ...
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Why will sacrifices resume if prayer and repentence suffice?

When the Beis Hamikdash is restored, sacrifices are supposed to resume. But why? For centuries now we have been taught that the offerings of our lips replace bullocks. For what reason does korbonot ...
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How does one get an animal off of the Altar surreptitiously?

The Mishna, in Zevachim 9:3, lists blemished animals among those that are inherently invalid for the Altar, such that if they are brought up onto it, they are brought down again. Then, R' Chanina, ...
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Recommendation for Temple archeological tour

It's been a while since I have visited the archeological sites near the Temple area. I believe that you appreciate what you read in history is best appreciated by personally seeing it. As I plan to ...
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Does the Talmud discuss “Solomon's Pools”

I recall visiting Solomon's Pools, located a bit south of Bethlehem, years ago, before it became "Area A". Wikipedia says: The water system based on Solomon's Pools has provided water to ...
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What Caused Jerusalem to be Destroyed?

The Gemara states the following: Abaye said: Jerusalem was destroyed only because people desecrated the Shabbos in it (Shabbos 119b) Rabbi Abbahu said: Jerusalem was destroyed only because its ...
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Were there backups for the Temple tools?

We all know the importance of backups. Many Temple tools were [seemingly] crucial for everyday tasks: Menorah, Table, Gold Altar, Ash of the Red Heifer, etc. It would take (probably) days to replace ...
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In the 2nd temple period were either the tabernacle or the temple ever referred to as “heaven and earth”?

I have read that in the 2nd temple period the tabernacle and/or the temple were referred to as "heaven and earth". And that the holy place was heaven and the outer court was earth? Is that so?
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What did people know about Moshiach in the times of the Beis Hamikdash?

When did the 'coming of Moshiach' become a thing in Judaism? When was it first discussed in Jewish literature? Did people in the times of the first or second Beis Hamikdash think that life as they ...
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Kohen with eyeglasses

Is having imperfect eyesight that requires the wearing of eyeglasses a problem for a Kohen? The question is two-fold: 1) Does the imperfect eyesight render him a ba'al mum (physical blemish) which ...
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What was the “cast sea” or “molten sea” יָם מוּצָק specifically used for and by whom?

What was the "cast sea" or "molten sea" יָם מוּצָק specifically used for and by whom? It appears to be also known as "Yam sheasah Shlomo". https://www.sefaria.org/Yoma.58b?lang=bi What was it used ...
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When did they stop offering the korban during the Roman siege

Sheva asar betammuz commemorates the end of the korban tamid (ערכין י"א ע"ב), but is it during the first temple? When did they stop in the second temple?
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Where in the Temple does the Shechina sit?

The Temple is G-d's "דירה בתחתונים" (see תנחומא נשא טז: "נתאוה הקב"ה להיות לו דירה בתחתונים" G-d sits on a chair (כיסא כבוד) in Heaven The Temple includes a Menorah, a table, a private chamber (K"K), ...
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The butterfly effect in Judaism [closed]

The "butterfly effect" is when very small changes produce very large effects. In Judaism, the Talmud [Gittin 55b-56a; also Lamentations Rabbah 4:3] gives us an example: "The destruction of Jerusalem ...
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Astronomical significance of the placement of the Altar and the Even Hashtiyah

I heard that traditionally the placements of the Altar and Even Hashtiyah (Kodesh Hakodashim) was chosen by G-d from the days of the Creation. Is there anything special and significant astronomically ...
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How precise were the Temples' directions (East/North)

Calculating the true astronomical North/South is very simple - find the longest way and cast a shadow. Are there sources on how precise those directions in the Temples were? Are there special Jewish ...
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Do the works on sacrifices require Blessings to validate the intent?

Disclaimer: this is not a Halachic question and I didn't research much yet. There's a whole subject of having wrong thoughts when bringing a sacrifice and performing numerous actions by the owner or ...
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What type of cedar wood was used to build the Bais Hamikdash?

Related Acacia wood or Cedar We see that ארז (cedar) was used for the Bais Hamikdash Melachim 1 9:11 And we see that there are many types of ארז (cedar) Bava Basra 80b and Midrash Tanchuma Teruma ...
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Were there additional written scrolls given by G-d to Moses?

Yalkut Shimoni, claims that there was an additional written scroll - the Temple Scroll (?) - given by G-d to Moses and passed on to all the following generations to Shlomo, mimicking the first lines ...
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Do places where the Mishkan stood retain Keddushah?

The Mishkan wandered through tens of camps in the desert and a couple of places in Israel for 480 years, and Holy Services were held in each place. Are those places sanctified in any way nowadays? Do ...
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Why Temples' dimensions were different from the Mishkan?

After asking "why-did-the-mizbeach-grow-40-times", I realized (thanks JoelK) that both measurements were dictated by G-d (it's unclear to whom: Moses, David or other prophets). See also Yalkut Shimoni ...
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Why did the Mizbeach grow 40 times? [duplicate]

The main, Bronze Altar in the Mishkan was 5 Amos wide. It was also portable. In the Temple(s), it grew to 32 Amot wide - 6.4 time in width and 41 times in footage1. EDIT: according to JoelK's answer,...
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Why there was no railing on the 5m high Mizbeach?

While looking at drawings of the Temple's Altar, I was impressed by its dimensions: up to 5m (16ft) high and 15m (100ft) wide. Here's a pretty truthful depiction (courtesy of WIKI) that gives an idea ...
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Malkizedek, Jerusalem and the Temple Mount

וּמַלְכִּי־צֶדֶק מֶלֶךְ שָׁלֵם הוֹצִיא לֶחֶם וָיָיִן וְהוּא כֹהֵן לְאֵל עֶלְיוֹן׃ And King Melchizedek of Salem brought out bread and wine; he was a priest of God Most High. (Ber 14, 18) Many ...
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Non-Jews vs Zavim with respect to entering the Temple

In Niddah 34a, the gemara says that the sages decreed tumah on non-Jews like that of a zav (translation edited from Soncino): ‮(ויקרא טו) דבר אל בני ישראל ואמרת אליהם איש איש כי יהיה זב בני ישראל ...
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When does hatred “make sense”?

The Talmud says that the Second Temple was destroyed because "senseless hatred" [sin'at chinam] prevailed. Yoma 9b אבל מקדש שני שהיו עוסקין בתורה ובמצות וגמילות חסדים מפני מה חרב מפני שהיתה בו שנאת ...
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Why fearing the Temple is a Mitzvah on its own?

Rambam Positive Mitzvos #21: היא שצונו לירא מן המקדש הזה מאד עד שנשים בנפשנו משא הפחד והיראה וזה מיראת מקדש והוא אמרו יתעלה את מקדשי תיראו. Rambam brings Safri that explains: ושם נאמר גם כן לא ...
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Are children permitted to help build the Beis Hamikdash?

When the Beis Hamikdash is being built, can the children help out [in any way] in its constructing? Perhaps because of their young age there would be a reason to prohibit them from helping out. In ...
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Sources for celebrating Purim during the Second Temple

(Maybe I'm wrong), in the listing of the Dead Sea scrolls fragments Megillat Ester is missing. That seems strange taking into the account that the Megillah says that memory will never fade away. The ...
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Why does the ash-clearing kohen get a reminder of where the shovel is?

In Tamid 1:4, in describing the daily service of clearing the previous day's ash from the Altar, the Mishna tells us of a reminder the assembled kohanim would give to the one kohen selected for the ...
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Do the 3 Mitzvos of entering Israel apply to the Second Temple?

וכן היה רבי יהודה אומר ג' מצות נצטוו ישראל בכניסתן לארץ: להעמיד להם מלך ולהכרית זרעו של עמלק ולבנות להם בית הבחירה (Sanhedrin 20b) Rabbi Yehuda says: Three mitzvot were commanded to the Jewish ...
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Why doesn't​ the Torah mention the Beis Hamikdash?

Only the Mishkan is mentioned, which was temporary.
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Prayers and blessings in times of the Beis Hamikdosh and earlier?

Were there morning Berachot? Berachot on foods? Did people go to shul every day in the times of the Beis Hamikdosh, or only on Monday and Thursday to hear the Torah reading? (I'm guessing perhaps ...
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Are the musical instruments in the Beis HaMikdash exhaustive?

Rambam (Hil. Klei HaMikdash 3:4) lists the instruments accompanying the Leviim: וּבַמֶּה הֵם מְנַגְּנִין. בִּנְבָלִים וַחֲלִילִים וְכִנּוֹרוֹת וַחֲצוֹצְרוֹת וְהַצִּלְצָל. וְאֵין פּוֹחֲתִין ...
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How can something contain the Presence of the Almighty?

How could a building like the Mishkan or the Beit HaMikdash, or a natural phenomenom like a cloud (at Har Sinai) contain the Presence of the Almighty (Ubiquitious, the infinite volume; omnipotent; ...
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What do we know about the Leviim singing the Psalm of the day?

We know which Psalm the leviim sang in the Temple each day of the week. (We say it in the morning davening each day.) The question here asks, What do we know about this ritual? For example: When ...
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How did Shlomo Hamelech figure out which way to build the Beit Hamikdash?

The Torah tells us how to build the Mishkan, but not the Temple. And the dimensions of many of the objects in the Temple were not the same as in the Mishkan (the Copper Altar was bigger, for instance) ...
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How does the Temple Institute choose among disagreeing interpretations on Temple construction?

I was looking over R. Aryeh Kaplan's Chumash and I think he lists ... six different possible layouts of which tribe's name went on which stone in the breastplate (choshen). Similarly -- is the mor in ...
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Tetzaveh: (Re)creating the garments

The Parshah of Tetzaveh deals greatly with how the kohanim (priests) and the kohen gadol (high priest) had to be dressed when entering the Mishkan (and in the case of the kohen gadol the inner ...
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How did they engrave the Choshen Mishpat stones for the Second Temple? [duplicate]

The Gemara sounds like they used the mysterious shamir worm to engrave the words on the Avnei Miluim on the Choshen. My impression is that they didn't have that in the times of the Second Temple, so ...
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Sample Temple diaspora rabbinic responsum

Are there any books which present, in the traditional rabbinic responsum format, questions that could or would arise throughout temple life (or just the temple)? [And thus answer them based on ...
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What was the cost of the communal and individual korbanot?

The korbanot include cattle, lambs, goats, birds, and meal-offerings of various types. How much would each one cost (in Talmudic money or in today's?), and what was the total cost of the communal ...
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Does the Beis Hamikdash require Mezuzos?

The Shema says וּכְתַבְתָּ֛ם עַל־מְזוּזֹ֥ת בֵּיתֶ֖ךָ וּבִשְׁעָרֶֽיךָ - on the doorpost of your houses and gates. I've always thought of the Beis Hamikdash as God's house [and gates], does the Beis ...
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What kind of flute was used in the temple, according to the mishna?

In Mishna there are several mentions of the use of flute, there were used at the time of the Bet Mikdash, see below a few examples. I am interested to know if we have some knowledge about the type of ...