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Questions tagged [beis-hamikdash]

Relating to (one or two) of the two Temples that stood in Jerusalem.

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Non-Jews vs Zavim with respect to entering the Temple

In Niddah 34a, the gemara says that the sages decreed tumah on non-Jews like that of a zav (translation edited from Soncino): ‮(ויקרא טו) דבר אל בני ישראל ואמרת אליהם איש איש כי יהיה זב בני ישראל ...
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When does hatred “make sense”?

The Talmud says that the Second Temple was destroyed because "senseless hatred" [sin'at chinam] prevailed. Yoma 9b אבל מקדש שני שהיו עוסקין בתורה ובמצות וגמילות חסדים מפני מה חרב מפני שהיתה בו שנאת ...
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Why fearing the Temple is a Mitzvah on its own?

Rambam Positive Mitzvos #21: היא שצונו לירא מן המקדש הזה מאד עד שנשים בנפשנו משא הפחד והיראה וזה מיראת מקדש והוא אמרו יתעלה את מקדשי תיראו. Rambam brings Safri that explains: ושם נאמר גם כן לא ...
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Are children permitted to help build the Beis Hamikdash?

When the Beis Hamikdash is being built, can the children help out [in any way] in its constructing? Perhaps because of their young age there would be a reason to prohibit them from helping out. In ...
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Sources for celebrating Purim during the Second Temple

(Maybe I'm wrong), in the listing of the Dead Sea scrolls fragments Megillat Ester is missing. That seems strange taking into the account that the Megillah says that memory will never fade away. The ...
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Why does the ash-clearing kohen get a reminder of where the shovel is?

In Tamid 1:4, in describing the daily service of clearing the previous day's ash from the Altar, the Mishna tells us of a reminder the assembled kohanim would give to the one kohen selected for the ...
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Do the 3 Mitzvos of entering Israel apply to the Second Temple?

וכן היה רבי יהודה אומר ג' מצות נצטוו ישראל בכניסתן לארץ: להעמיד להם מלך ולהכרית זרעו של עמלק ולבנות להם בית הבחירה (Sanhedrin 20b) Rabbi Yehuda says: Three mitzvot were commanded to the Jewish ...
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Why doesn't​ the Torah mention the Beis Hamikdash?

Only the Mishkan is mentioned, which was temporary.
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Prayers and blessings in times of the Beis Hamikdosh and earlier?

Were there morning Berachot? Berachot on foods? Did people go to shul every day in the times of the Beis Hamikdosh, or only on Monday and Thursday to hear the Torah reading? (I'm guessing perhaps ...
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Are the musical instruments in the Beis HaMikdash exhaustive?

Rambam (Hil. Klei HaMikdash 3:4) lists the instruments accompanying the Leviim: וּבַמֶּה הֵם מְנַגְּנִין. בִּנְבָלִים וַחֲלִילִים וְכִנּוֹרוֹת וַחֲצוֹצְרוֹת וְהַצִּלְצָל. וְאֵין פּוֹחֲתִין ...
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How can something contain the Presence of the Almighty?

How could a building like the Mishkan or the Beit HaMikdash, or a natural phenomenom like a cloud (at Har Sinai) contain the Presence of the Almighty (Ubiquitious, the infinite volume; omnipotent; ...
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What do we know about the Leviim singing the Psalm of the day?

We know which Psalm the leviim sang in the Temple each day of the week. (We say it in the morning davening each day.) The question here asks, What do we know about this ritual? For example: When ...
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How did Shlomo Hamelech figure out which way to build the Beit Hamikdash?

The Torah tells us how to build the Mishkan, but not the Temple. And the dimensions of many of the objects in the Temple were not the same as in the Mishkan (the Copper Altar was bigger, for instance) ...
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How does the Temple Institute choose among disagreeing interpretations on Temple construction?

I was looking over R. Aryeh Kaplan's Chumash and I think he lists ... six different possible layouts of which tribe's name went on which stone in the breastplate (choshen). Similarly -- is the mor in ...
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1answer
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Tetzaveh: (Re)creating the garments

The Parshah of Tetzaveh deals greatly with how the kohanim (priests) and the kohen gadol (high priest) had to be dressed when entering the Mishkan (and in the case of the kohen gadol the inner ...
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How did they engrave the Choshen Mishpat stones for the Second Temple? [duplicate]

The Gemara sounds like they used the mysterious shamir worm to engrave the words on the Avnei Miluim on the Choshen. My impression is that they didn't have that in the times of the Second Temple, so ...
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Could a Kohen become liable for disqualifying a sacrifice?

I've been studying Masechet Zevachim, and it seems very easy for a sacrifice to become invalid. Even if it doesn't become invalid, it seems that even the slightest mistake can force the person ...
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Sample Temple diaspora rabbinic responsum

Are there any books which present, in the traditional rabbinic responsum format, questions that could or would arise throughout temple life (or just the temple)? [And thus answer them based on ...
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What was the cost of the communal and individual korbanot?

The korbanot include cattle, lambs, goats, birds, and meal-offerings of various types. How much would each one cost (in Talmudic money or in today's?), and what was the total cost of the communal ...
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Does the Beis Hamikdash require Mezuzos?

The Shema says וּכְתַבְתָּ֛ם עַל־מְזוּזֹ֥ת בֵּיתֶ֖ךָ וּבִשְׁעָרֶֽיךָ - on the doorpost of your houses and gates. I've always thought of the Beis Hamikdash as God's house [and gates], does the Beis ...
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What kind of flute was used in the temple, according to the mishna?

In Mishna there are several mentions of the use of flute, there were used at the time of the Bet Mikdash, see below a few examples. I am interested to know if we have some knowledge about the type of ...
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Was there a duplicate of the Aron Hakodesh?

The Rambam writes in Hilchos Klei Mikdash (7:19) that all the vessels in the Beis Hamikdash had duplicates (and duplicates of the duplicates) just in case a vessel became impure. Did the Aron Hakodesh ...
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If Jordan relinquished their claim over the Temple Mount, would the Israeli Government be obligated to build a Beis HaMikdash?

Is there a commandment incumbent on the Jewish ppl to rebuild the Beis HaMikdash? Does that command only apply if they have sovereignty in that specific area?
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1answer
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Is this christian rendering of the Temple accurate?

This 3D virtual-reality animation, does it look accurate according to Jewish sources? Screenshot: Additional screenshots: https://imgur.com/a/nZTpRL0 Source video: https://youtu.be/EHs07DVRzOs
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Why is Tikun Chatzos said specifically at Chatzos? What's so special about Chatzos?

The Shulchan Aruch writes in Orach Chaim 1:3 ראוי לכל ירא שמים שיהא מיצר ודואג על חורבן בית המקדש It is fitting for every person who has fear of Heaven to be anguished and concerned ...
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Who had the authority to change the Shir Shel Yom of Chanukah?

As has been pointed out previously, the source of which Shir Shel Yom to say on Chanukah (Psalms 30) is in Ch. 18:2 of Masechet Sofrim. Masechet Sofrim seems to make a break between those Shir Shel ...
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Bringing korbanos for prior obligations when bais hamikdash is rebuilt [duplicate]

I remember learning that there were very prominent Rabbaniom (Chafetz Chaim) who would write down which korbanos he would be obligated to bring when the Bais hamikdash would be built . Why do we ...
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If a Kohen donates a kidney is he considered a Bal Moom for purposes of doing an Avodah?

If a Kohen donates a kidney, is he considered a Bal Moom for purposes of doing an Avodah in the future Bais hamikdash? On the one hand, the missing organ is not visible. On the other hand, a cataract ...
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1answer
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Melacha and Korbanot in the Beit HaMikdash [duplicate]

We know sacrifices were offered - in the case of burnt offerings, put on the fire- in the Beit HaMikdash on Shabbat and Yom Tov, in fact extra ("Mussaf") offerings were made on such days. In addition ...
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Online Depictions of the Colorful Second Temple

Are there any artistic depictions, available online, of the multicolored appearance of the Second Temple, based on archaeological finds (see, e.g., here), or, e.g., the depiction of the blue/green and ...
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Tradition-Based Depictions of the Third Temple

Are there any artistic depictions of the third Temple and/or future Jerusalem, available online, that are rooted in traditional descriptions, such as Ezekiel 40-47 and related midrashim?
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Can we go back to using musical instruments in synagogues when the Temple is rebuilt?

We stopped using musical instruments in the synagogue after the Temple was destroyed, as a sign of mourning. We used them before that time (see Psalm 150). When the Temple is rebuilt, does halacha ...
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2answers
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What was the order of “Shacharit” in the Bet Hamikdash?

I'm assuming that the majority of the format of the Siddur that we currently have and use did not exist during the time of the 1st Bet Hamikdash. Perhaps, by the 2nd Bet Hamikdash, some items were ...
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Distance between foundation stone and western wall

What is the distance between the foundation stone and the western wall? Does the Talmud or anything say anything about the distance?
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Can items for the Temple Be Written in Ivri?

The halakha is that scrolls of the Torah, mezuzot, and parchments for tefillin must be written in Ashuri. But what about items used for the Temple Service? Such as the tzitz (crown that the Kohen ...
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1answer
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How big was the Lishkas HaGazis?

This question asks about how the elders were seated in the Lishkah. Seeing how poorly-sourced the OP’s dimensions were, I thought I’d ask it myself. We’re told that the Lishkah was halfway in the ...
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Origin of the minhag to hold the kiddush cup in one's palm

There is a minhag which many have while reciting kiddush which is to hold the kiddush cup in the palm of the hand, with the fingers pointing upward without touching the cup. I have heard two ...
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1answer
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Can we get the Beis Hamikdash up and running by Yom Kippur?

The rebuilding of the 3rd בית המקדש seems to be rather ambiguous. Especially, often with phrases like ‘Moshiach will come today (or tomorrow!)!’ And then that being equated with the immediate building ...
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Fitting the Sanhedrin (150) into Lishkat Hagazit (10x15 feet chamber)?

Here's the Tifferes Isroel's plan of the Temple drown to scale (on the bottom), which aligns with the plan of the Second Temple on the WIKI, According to those plans, the size of the whole Lishkat ...
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1answer
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Why were there so many Karbanos Eitzim in Av, and so few during the rest of the year?

Taanis 4:4 introduces the concept of Karbanos Eitzim. The Gemara (28a) explains what was so special about these days: ת"ר למה הוצרכו לומר זמן עצי כהנים והעם אמרו כשעלו בני הגולה לא מצאו עצים בלשכה ...
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Practical Implications of 20 Av

Are there any changes in davening or daily practice on the 20th of Av? The Gemara lists the date as among those which marked the donation of wood to the Temple by particular families. The 20th seems ...
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What is the halacha regarding archeological digging near the Temple Mount?

Follow up to this question that discusses the holiness of the stone that fell off the Western Wall. What is the halachic status regarding any kedusha (holiness) in doing archeological excavations on ...
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Status of stones that fell out of the Kotel

On the day after Tisha B'Av 5778 a 400Kg (estimated) stone fell off the Kotel. It was subsequently moved - for safekeeping - close to the Gate of the Moors, a.k.a. the Mughrabi Gate. Meanwhile, the ...
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Each generation in which the Temple wasn't rebuilt it's as if it was destroyed anew

I've often heard the phrase "In each generation in which the Temple isn't rebuilt, it's as if it was destroyed anew". כל דור שלא נבנה בית המקדש בימיו, כאילו נחרב בימיו. I'm trying to find the ...
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Correcting a blemish to do avodah in the Bais Hamikdash

I was learning Hilchos Bias Hamikdash chapter 8 which discusses the specific blemishes of a human which disqualify a kohen fron doing avodah in the mikdash. One of the blemishes is a Unibrow(one long ...
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1answer
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What size was the Mizrak to catch blood in the Beis Ha'Mikdash?

The Gemorah .זבחים כה says that the Cohen receiving the blood of a korbon must catch all the blood. That is the Dam HaNefesh - the blood flowing out of the neck. Assuming the average cow has around ...
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Ezekiel 37:27-28 My Mishkan v.s. My Mikdash

Ezekiel 37:27-28 reads something like: My dwelling-place also shall be over them; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people. And the nations shall know that I am the LORD that sanctify ...
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Mikdash, Mishkan, Ohel

First: What's the definition of the term Mikdash? I noticed that the Kehatim, where bearers of the 'Mikdash', "they shall bear", where it is in fact the Ark of the Covenant that is referred to as the '...
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1answer
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How did the Cohanim walk around the Mizbeach?

I'm finding it very difficult indeed to understand how the Cohanim walked around the Mizbeach on a ledge which was only one Amoh wide but was also six Amos above the floor... Seems to me that they'd ...
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Heaven is also a place among us?

The Targum Yonathan on Isaiah 6:3 teaches that "the most exalted heaven is the dwelling place of His Presence". Likewise Isaiah 66:1 teaches that heaven is His throne. But then I came acrosse these ...