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Questions tagged [rosh-hashanah-new-year]

Rosy Hashanah is a Biblical holiday celebrated on the first and second days of the month Tishrei. Also known as the Day of Judgement.

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Can you have almond milk on Rosh Hashana?

The custom in my community is not to eat or cook with whole nuts during Elul. But I don't know whether pulverized or otherwise disembodied nuts --for example, nuts as an ingredient in a processed food ...
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Rainbow on Rosh Hashana

The bracha on a rainbow is the subject of a disagreement on Brachos 59a. The Gemara brings זוכר הברית unattributed, Rabbi Yishmael the son of Rabbi Yochanan ben Beroka says נאמן בבריתו וקים במאמרו, ...
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Was there a bracha on blowing the silver trumpet?

The Torah mentions blowing the silver trumpet at various times during the year (e.g., RH, chagim). Was there a bracha on blowing the silver trumpets?
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Which translation is the most accurate for the phrase “העוֹנה לתפלת חסיד ידשׁן בּטוֹב חיינוּ ושׁנה טוֹבה ישׁלח לבית ישׂראל עמנוּ”?

My suggestions: העוֹנה לתפלת חסיד The response/answer to the prayer of a righteous person The return to prayer of a righteous person The season of prayer of a righteous person ידשׁן בּטוֹב חיינוּ is a ...
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Why, in Yamim Noraim davening, do we discuss uprooting זדון instead of רעה?

There is a passage in the third bracha of Shemoneh Esrei said on Rosh HaShanah and Yom Kippur (at least in Nusach Ashkenaz) that reads as follows: ועלותה תקפץ פיה וכל הרשעה כלה כעשן תכלה כי תעביר ...
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Exchanging presents on Rosh Hashana?

Nehemia 8:10 records that the people in Jerusalem were told to, among other things, provide food for Rosh Hashana for those who are lacking: ויאמר להם לכו אכלו משמנים ושתו ממתקים ושלחו מנות לאין ...
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The tamid as well as the tamid in Rosh Hashana Musaf?

In the musaf amida of Rosh Hashana, at least in Nusach Ashkenaz, the list of the day's offerings concludes with the following two lines. ומנחתם ונסכיהם כמדבר שלשה עשרנים לפר ושני עשרנים לאיל ועשרון ...
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what sources discuss dipping challah in both salt and honey or only honey during rosh hashanna?

Many people dip their bread in only honey over rosh hashanna but I was under the impression that one should dip in both salt and honey. What sources discuss either dipping in both salt then honey or ...
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What is the history and purpose behind Teki'ah Gedolah?

I am familiar with the origin and reasoning of the "regular" Tekiah blast that surrounds the shevarim, teru'ah and shevarim-teru'ah sounds. What is the origin of the teki'ah gedolah in terms of its ...
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Why the Second day of Rosh Hashanah isn't בל תוסיף? [duplicate]

Rosh-Hashanah is clearly one day from the Torah. As it falls on the first day of the month, in the days of keeping the Real New Moon, there's no way of informing the other places outside Jerusalem, so ...
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Hashem as the judge vs His omniscience

How can Hashem's role as the Supreme Judge on the High Holidays be reconciled with His omniscience: On one hand, we picture Him as He weighs the Mitzvot and the sins and awaits for our Teshuvah for ...
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Hatoras Nedarim - mentioning specific examples

If one is aware of specific examples of vows or a 'minhag tov' that one undertook, then one should articulate this to at least one member of the 'judges'. Is this informing essential or does the ...
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Yom HaKaseh - Rosh HaShanah

Is it true that Rosh HaShanah is also called Yom HaKeseh, meaning “The Day of the Hiding” or “the Hidden Day.” I noticed that it’s called this way because of Tehillim 81. Is it true it’s also called ...
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Torah prohibition of Shofar on Shabbos Rosh Hashanah?

The Torah says Rosh Hashanah is a יום תרועה, a day of shofar blasts, and זכרון תרועה, a remembrance of shofar blasts. This seems like a contradiction. The Gemara (Rosh Hashanah 29b) suggests that the ...
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(Why) is there a custom to have round challah for Rosh HaShanah?

I have noticed that the local kosher bakeries sell round challot (as opposed to their usual braided loaves) in advance of Rosh HaShanah. Is such a custom noted in any written sources? If yes, what ...
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Can the toke'ah practice blowing on Erev Rosh Hashannah?

For those that blow the shofar daily (except on Shabbat) throughout Ellul, common custom is not to blow on Erev Rosh Hashannah. Does this regulation apply to all blowing, or only the one done ...
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Agreement of nouns and adjective in Rosh HaShana greeting

If addressing more than one person, would one say Ktivot V'chatimot Tovot in place of the common "k'tiva vachatima tova" to achieve agreement between the adjective and its nouns? Why or why not? ...
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Different groupings for the Shofar soundings

I've seen several arrangements for the 100 shofar blasts done on Rosh Hashanna Both Nusach Ashkenaz and Sefard agree on doing 30 before Musaph Nusach Ashkenaz: 3 groups of 10 each during the Amidah ...
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Has Elul Been Made Full Since the Time of Ezra?

In the Gemara in Rosh Hashanah (19b) it says: והאמר רבי חיננא בר כהנא א"ר מימות עזרא ואילך לא מצינו אלול מעובר לא מצינו דלא איצטריך הא איצטריך מעברינן ליה Didn’t Rabbi Chinnana bar Kahana ...
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Weekdays atoning for Weekdays during the year

I have heard from a few speakers that during the week before Rosh Hashana (some versions say that it is the week of Aseres Yemei Teshuvah), each day of the week that one does Teshuvah and acts ...
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Where do we first see Elul as a time for repentance?

Today, the month of Elul is seen as being an introduction to the period of the High Holy Days (Rosh HaShanah and Yom Kippur). For instance, Tur Orach Chaim 581: התקינו חז"ל שיהו תוקעין בר"ח אלול ...
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Are Jews below age 20 judged the same as those above 20 on Rosh Hashanah?

Are Jews below 20 judged differently then Jews above age 20? I know there is a question posted on this site whether or not punishment starts in shamayim below age 20, but I want to know specifically ...
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Can you have a new year w/o a halachic Rosh Hashana? [duplicate]

Rabbi Breitowitz raised this point (listen for approx 2-3 min from here, the point starts at 22:30m) Since the Jewish calendar was not sanctified (with a Rosh Hashana) beyond the year 5999, is it even ...
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המלך המשפט on Yom Tov

According to this answer, if you accidentally start the weekday shemoneh esrei on Shabbos Cheshvan 7/December 5 or the first day of Pesach, you don't say ותן טל ומטר because the rest of the community ...
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First Month of your year?

The Passover and the Festival of Unleavened Bread The Lord said to Moses and Aaron in Egypt “This month is to be for you the first month, the first month of your year. Exodus 12 What about Rosh ...
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Aleinu written for RH

Was the Aleinu written for Rosh Hashanah? I just read what I think says this in the Rabbi Sacks intro to RH in the Koren Maczor. Making sure I am reading this correctly.
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Why is Rosh Chodesh Nisan for kings - not Rosh Hashana?

Why is the Rosh Hashana for kings not the same Rosh Hashana of the year when we coronate the King of Kings? See Rosh Hashana (1:1) בְּאֶחָד בְּנִיסָן רֹאשׁ הַשָּׁנָה לַמְּלָכִים וְלָרְגָלִים. ...
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How is Rosh Hashanah a remembrance of leaving Mitzraim?

On all Yamim Tovim, we (this is the Ashkenazic formulation) say the following formulation in the middle Bracha of Shemoneh Esrei: ותתן לנו ה׳ אלקינו באהבה את יום ... הזה ... מקרא קדש זכר ליציאת ...
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Rosh Hashanah as a Day of Friendliness

Are there any texts or commentators which discuss the idea of Rosh Hashanah being a day of friendliness? The Artscroll/Stone on Bamidbar 23:22 follows Rashi's understanding (Bamidbar 23:21) of "utru'...
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Explanation of the Three Books of Ro'sh Ha-Shanah and the Book of Life Closed on Yom Kippur

I am a Gentile writing a news article for a university newspaper about Yom Kippur. I'm trying to accurately explain the religious beliefs and significance of the holy day but am confused about the ...
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Rosh Hashanah Amidah - Neshama be-apo or neshamah ve-apo?

In the final paragraph of the bracha of kedushas hayom / malchuyos which we recite in every Rosh Hashanah amidah, we find the phrase "ויאמר כל אשר נשמה באפו". Is there a dagesh in the 'ב' of 'באפו'? ...
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Why are there piyyutim for the beginning of first day Rosh Hashanah musaf, but not for the second day (in Nusach Ashkenaz)?

On the first day of Rosh Hashanah at Musaf, we recite piyyutim as part of the first three brachot of the Amidah, composed by R. Elazar HaKalir. On the second day, no such piyyutim are recited and we ...
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Why cover one's face during shofar?

I noticed two people in the synagogue this Rosh Hashana who, whenever the shofar was sounded, covered their respective faces with their respective tallits. I didn't feel comfortable asking them why. (...
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Can you tear things on Rosh hashanah? [duplicate]

Should I pre-tear my toilet roll before rosh hashanah starts, like I do for shabbat? I left it a almost too late to ask but...I am Unsure.
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Is Rosh HaShanah to be observed as if it were a Saturday?

Is Rosh HaShanah to be observed as if it were a Saturday? Leviticus 23:24-25 implies this. Does this extend to the second day, or only apply to the first?
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God's decision vs being written in the book of life [duplicate]

Why do we ask god to inscribe us in he book of life? If whatever god does is for the best including when god removes someone from this world. We even have a custom when we hear that someone passed ...
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Why do some people say לאל עורך דין during Musaph on the 2nd day of Rosh Hashanna?

Art Scroll and a few other Machzorim (Nusach Ashkenaz) have a notation for the piyut לאל עורך דין on the 2nd day of Rosh Hashanna. They place in it both Shacharit with a notation saying that some ...
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Is the year “5778” that will come into effect on 1 Tishrei (tomorrow), six months early or six months late? [closed]

Is the world at least six months older or younger than 5,778 Years? Is the year "5778" that will come into effect on 1 Tishrei (tomorrow), six months early or six months late, knowing that the New ...
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Is there a minhag amongst some to wear a kittel on Rosh HaShanah? [duplicate]

The universal Ashkenazi minhag is to wear the kittel on Yom Kippur. I have heard of some who wear the kittel also on Rosh HaShanah. Is this a true minhag? I suspect it might be a Jeckishe (German) ...
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Differences between the Rosh HaShanah service Ashkenaz/Sefard

Besides the usual differences that differentiate between Nusach Ashkenaz and Sefard, such as the different order of Shacharis, extra words here and there, etc. are there any major differences between ...
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Is there a recommended sound quality for a shofar?

I have a preference for blowing a shofar that produces a clear low pitched sound. (Of course, when I choose a shofar, my higher priority is that it's lightweight and is easy for me to blow.) O.C. 586:...
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Melech in Ya'aleh Viyovoh

In Ya'aleh Viyovoh the word Melech is included when we say any prayer, however in Birchat Hamozon in my siddur (Artscroll Ashkenaz) the word is bracketed and it says "On Rosh Hashana say Melech". Why ...
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What exactly is the judgement of Rosh Hashanah?

In the Rosh Hashanah Musaf, it is implied that all human beings and countries are judged on this day whether they will have peace or war, life or death, and in the Unesaneh Tokef prayer, this is ...
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What are the 4 New Years?

The Mishna in tractate Rosh Hashana (1, 1) says that there are four New Years. I know that there's the standard one for the holidays, one for kings, one for rain. What's the fourth? When are they and ...
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May one make up their own simanim for Rosh Hashanna?

On the night of Rosh Hashanna, there is a custom to eat various foods whose names sound like something associated with Rosh Hashanah. These names can be in one language, and they make a blessing in ...
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What time of the day did the trumpet sound?

Rosh Hashanah, the 1st day of the 7th month, and Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) are 10 days, known as the 'Ten Days of Awe'. An outstanding feature was the blasts of the trumpets, and my question ...
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What about “if as a slave” in selichot?

On Rosh Hashana, after the shofar blowing during the Musaf repetition, we say "Hayom Harat Olam." In it, we consider 2 possibilities of how Hashem might deal with us -- "im k'vanim" (if as children) ...
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Why is this Rosh Hashanah piyut recited differently from how it is printed?

From the structure and sequence of the piyut "Melech Elyon", it is clear that each phrase is meant to begin with the words 'Melech Elyon' and end with 'laadei ad Yimloch', and indeed it is printed ...
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MaYin Hachsima in Kedushas Hayom of Rosh Hashuna

Kedushas Hayom (אתה בחרתנו מכל העמים) of Rosh Hashuna ends off ... וטהר לבנו לעבדך באמת, כי אתה אלהים אמת ודברך אמת וקים לעד. ברוך אתה ד' מלך על כל הארץ מקדש מקדש ישראל ויום הזכרון How does "For ...
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How many women were remembered on Rosh Hashanah?

According to the talmud, Rosh Hashanah 10b, On Rosh Hashanah, Sarah, Rachel and Chanah were designated to give birth, Yosef was released from prison, and the slavery in Egypt ceased. from ...