Questions tagged [ezra-nechemya]

the book of Ezra-Nehemiah is about the returning to the land of Israel after being exiled and rebuilding the second Beis Hamikdash and all details and trouble encountered along the way.

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42 views

Nechemiah 13 changes Hashem to Elokim

Nechemia 13:1 reads בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֗וּא נִקְרָ֛א בְּסֵ֥פֶר מֹשֶׁ֖ה בְּאָזְנֵ֣י הָעָ֑ם וְנִמְצָא֙ כָּת֣וּב בּ֔וֹ אֲ֠שֶׁר לֹא־יָב֨וֹא עַמֹּנִ֧י וּמֹאָבִ֛י בִּקְהַ֥ל הָאֱלֹהִ֖ים עַד־עוֹלָֽם This verse ...
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Lists in Nechemiah chapters 10 and 12 [closed]

The vav hahipuch is noticeable by its absence in Nechemiah chapters 10 and 12 although it is in Nechemiah chapter 2. Do you think it’s use was on the wane and ceased with prophecy? Perhaps there is ...
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174 views

Why didn't the Jews appoint a king before rebuilding the temple?

In the times of Ezra and Nechemia the temple was rebuilt. Rambam codifies that the mitzvah to appoint a king comes before the mitzvah to build the temple. If that is the case why didn't the Jews ...
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117 views

What is the trope for Ezra/Nehemiah and Daniel

I have been studying these seforim and noticed the text is marked with trope. However, since these seforim are not read publically, what is the proper cantillation? Like neviim?
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68 views

Is Purim mentioned in later writings by Ezrah and his B"D?

I'm trying to understand how the earlier generations saw Purim. Ezrah and his B"D wrote a series of books, such as Ezrah, Divrei Hayamim and more. Is the Purim story or Meggilat Ester mentioned in ...
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Were Persian-Median kings illiterate?

In the Megillah, we read (6:1): בַּלַּיְלָה הַהוּא נָדְדָה שְׁנַת הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיֹּאמֶר לְהָבִיא אֶת־סֵפֶר הַזִּכְרֹנוֹת דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים וַיִּהְיוּ נִקְרָאִים לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ On that night, ...
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Does the conjunction AND also means EVEN in Hebrew?

I am studying Ezra. In chapter 6 verse 14 it says "...according to the decrees of Cyrus, Darius, and Artaxerxes king of Persia." I believe Darius and Artaxerxes are one in the same. Therefore, ...
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The name Mispar

Among the many peculiar and unusual names found in Tanach, some of them have reasons and explanations for why it was given. And some do not. What about Mispar found in Ezra 2:2. אֲשֶׁר־בָּאוּ עִם־...
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This (G-d) or these (gods)?

I noticed that the words זֶה אֱלֹהֶיךָ from the verse of Nehemiah 9:18 describing the Golden Calf are often translated as: 'This is your G-d'. But Exodus 32:4 and 32:8 speak of אֵלֶּה אֱלֹהֶיךָ which ...
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Why is the pasuk in Nechemia split in davening?

In pesukei d'zimra, my siddur splits up the pasuk from Nechemia 9:8 וּמָצָאתָ אֶת לְבָבוֹ נֶאֱמָן לְפָנֶיךָ וְכָרוֹת עִמּוֹ הַבְּרִית לָתֵת אֶת אֶרֶץ הַכְּנַעֲנִי הַחִתִּי הָאֱמֹרִי וְהַפְּרִזִּי ...
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Is Nehemiah's description of Abraham's events out of order?

In Nechemia 9, we read a recap of God's interaction with Avraham: אֲשֶׁ֤ר בָּחַ֙רְתָּ֙ בְּאַבְרָ֔ם וְהוֹצֵאת֖וֹ מֵא֣וּר כַּשְׂדִּ֑ים וְשַׂ֥מְתָּ שְּׁמ֖וֹ אַבְרָהָֽם׃ וּמָצָ֣אתָ אֶת־לְבָבוֹ֮ ...
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Exchanging presents on Rosh Hashana?

Nehemia 8:10 records that the people in Jerusalem were told to, among other things, provide food for Rosh Hashana for those who are lacking: ויאמר להם לכו אכלו משמנים ושתו ממתקים ושלחו מנות לאין ...
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Who laid the megalithic foundation stones under the wailing wall?

These stones under the Western Wall are of impeccable craftsmanship and required seemingly superhuman handling: My thoughts run to: Ezra-Nehemiah Solomon-Hiram Herod Do we know?
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Neḥemia 8:7 - Six pazers?

Neḥemia 8:7 וְיֵשׁ֡וּעַ וּבָנִ֡י וְשֵׁרֵ֥בְיָ֣ה ׀ יָמִ֡ין עַקּ֡וּב שַׁבְּתַ֣י ׀ הֽוֹדִיָּ֡֡ה מַעֲשֵׂיָ֡ה קְלִיטָ֣א עֲזַרְיָה֩ יוֹזָבָ֨ד חָנָ֤ן פְּלָאיָה֙ וְהַלְוִיִּ֔֔ם מְבִינִ֥ים אֶת־הָעָ֖ם ...
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Why does the listing of returnees in Ezra change from families to territories?

In Ezra 2:21 the listing of the returnees from Bavel to Eretz Yisrael switches from lists of families to peoples from specific areas in Eretz Yisrael (the commentary of Daat Mikra identifies nearly ...
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Why does Ezra-Nechemiah come before Divrei HaYamim?

In practically all printed editions of Tanach that I have come across, as well as the ordering given in Bava Batra 14b, Ezra( - Nechemiah) comes before Divrei HaYamim. Why is this the case? ...
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Date of composition of the book of Nehemiah

In Nehemiah chapter 12 there is a list of the high priests that served in the second temple. The last one mentioned is Yadua in verse 11. According to wikipedia Jadua was in the times of Alexander the ...
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why no targum on Ezra?

Why does the book of Ezra/Nechemia no have Aramaic targum? Divrei Hayamim has targum R Yosef. Daniel is singled out as not having targum in Gemora Megillah because "in it is the end of moshiach". ...
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Why did they not bring all the korbanot they owed in the time of Ezra?

As discussed here the gemara seems to suggest that when the temple is rebuilt we will to bring all the chatat offerings that we owe. According to those that hold that to be the case, how do they ...
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I'm reading the book of Ezra. Would the Kohanim have gone on to marry Jewish women?

If a Cohen had married a non-Jew, and divorces her (as in Ezra ch 9 & Ezra ch10) could he marry a virgin, unmarried Jewess? I am reading the Book of Ezra and am curious to see what would have been ...
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82 views

Who were the Jewish Governors during the Persian Era? [closed]

Has an approximate line of Jewish governors been identified during the period from Cyrus to Alexander? The only names I have are Sheshbazzar, Zerubbabel and Nehemiah. I am referring to governors - ...
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Ezra 10:3 --“According to the Law” [duplicate]

Ezra 10:3 says, And now, let us make a covenant with our God to cast out all the wives and their offspring, by the counsel of the lord and those who hasten to [perform] the commandment of our ...
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Ezra spreading out his hands 'unto' G-d, Solomon's hands towards heaven

In Ezra 9.5, there is a reference to Ezra 'spreading his hands unto G-d'. Similarly, Solomon 'spreads forth his hands towards heaven' (2 Chronicles 6.13) and subsequently addresses G-d. In line with ...
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130 views

Can אֲדֹנָי refer to a person or just to God?

In Book of Ezra chapter 10 No.3 the Bible uses the Hebrew word אֲדֹנָי to talk about Ezra. I thought this word was used only when talking about God. What does this word mean?
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Nechemia - was the mitzva of sukka forgotten?

In Nechemia ch.8:13-15 And on the second day, the heads of the fathers' houses of all the people, the priests, and the Levites, gathered to Ezra the scholar, and to understand the words of the ...
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Why was building the foundation of the second temple so emotional?

In Ezra chapter 3:10-13 it describes the establishing of the foundation of the Second Temple and how once the foundation was laid there were mixed reactions. The older people who remembered the First ...
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How did Achashveirosh have the utensils of the Beit Hamikdash?

In the first chapter of sefer Ezra we read that Koresh sent all the utensils that had been stolen by Nevuchadnetzar back to Yerushalayim as part of the rebuilding of the Beit Hamikdash. However the ...
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443 views

Is Nehemiah 8 describing a particular Jewish feast day?

From (the Book of) Nehemiah 8:2 So on the first day of the seventh month Ezra the priest brought the Law before the assembly, which was made up of men and women and all who were able to ...
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How did the triennial torah reading fulfill the takanas Ezra?

Ezra declared that the curses in Vayikra be read before Shavuos and those in Devarim before Rosh HaShanna (megillah 31b), how was that accomplished by those in Eretz Yisrael who had a triennial system ...
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Did Nehemia know the second temple wouldn't last?

Did Nehemia know that the second temple wouldn't last? What someone says suggests he did; it's based on the book of Nehemia or something, but I can't read Hebrew. In general, did anyone know that ...
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Washing Pesach: kohanim

In preperation of the Pesach i read a couple of verses from the Tenach and found something which raised a couple of questions. In Divrei Hayamim II 35:6 for example i found that the Levites should ...
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How does Ezra's decree prove Hefker Beith Din Hefker?

The Gemara in Shekalim 3a seeks to prove the concept of Hefker Beith Din Hefker. To that end, it cites the incident in which Ezra decreed that anyone who refused to gather in Jerusalem would forfeit ...
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156 views

How does Rashi knows that Shimshai safra is Hamman's son?

In Ezra, 4:8, a person called Shimshai is mentioned: רְחוּם בְּעֵל-טְעֵם, וְשִׁמְשַׁי סָפְרָא, כְּתַבוּ אִגְּרָה חֲדָה, עַל-יְרוּשְׁלֶם--לְאַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתְּא מַלְכָּא, כְּנֵמָא. translation: ...
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What is Ashdudis?

This Artscroll sidur mentions "Ashdudis" in its introduction. This language being spoken by a portion of the Jewish population at the time of Ezra is apparently attested by Nechemya 13:24, although ...