Questions tagged [reward-punishment]

The concept of reward and punishment in Judaism- theologically, halachically, and philosophically

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What Torah issur did the meraglim transgress?

Since the meraglim sinned after the Torah has already been given, it'd seem that to be punished with death they would have had to transgress a Torah issur which carries the capital punishment (or misa ...
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Rape perpetrated by an adult male towards a girl under three years of age: halachic framework

In his Mishneh Torah -Issurei Biah 1:13, Rambam states that if a male copulates with a girl under the age of three,also the male,even if he was an adult, is exempt from liability, for the act is not ...
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The merits of the righteous save others from punishment (Sukkah 45b). How is this different from the idea of the Nazarene?

Gemoro Sukkah (Sefaria) 45b includes the concept of the merits of righteous people saving others from punishment: And Ḥizkiya said that Rabbi Yirmeya said in the name of Rabbi Shimon ben Yoḥai: I am ...
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Rav Kapach's commentary on the eighth chapter of Rambam's Mishneh Torah-Hilchot Teshuvah

I am an Italian ben Noach. In the discussion Does Rambam hold of eternal punishment? I have read, in the user Alex's message, that according to Rav Kapah Rambam, in the eighth chapter of the Hilchot ...
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Forgiveness of Adam's sin

Why do we suffer for the sin not committed by us, is it not contrary to Ezekiel 18? Can we ask for this sin to be forgiven? and how do we repent from something we have no access to?
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Can one transfer someone else's sin onto himself?

Can one accept the consequences of someone else's actions? It would seem unfair and unlikely that one would be able to accept someone else's rewards. If that is true, does it also apply to accepting ...
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Parallels in Sotah 11a and Shabbat 33b

I noticed yesterday that there are some similarities between the story brought in Sotah 11a and the one in Shabbat 33b. In Sotah 11a it says: "Rabbi Ḥiyya bar Abba says that Rabbi Simai says: ...
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What is the punishment for a Jewish non-married woman who has relations with a non-Jewish man?

I have heard that the punishment is that she will forever be Zonah but I have no sources
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Punishment for not Studying the Torah

Does HaShem punish someone in this world for not studying the Torah ?
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Why prohibitions and their corresponding punishments are separated in the Torah?

I was arguing with a Documentary Hypothesis supporter who claimed that we consistently find that Biblical prohibitions and their punishments are not written in one place. The Ten Commandments are a ...
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Only Kohanim get reward for mitzvos in this world

There's a concept of שכר מצוות בהאי עלמא ליכא, there is no reward for mitzvos in this world (Kiddushin 39b). Much has been written on what this means and why it's true, but I found a innovative idea ...
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What was the reason for Job's original success and prosperity?

The book starts with the description of Job's piety and then his wealth and success: ... That man was blameless and upright; he feared God and shunned evil. Seven sons and three daughters were born ...
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Does one get punished for not keeping positve mitzvos?

Does one get punished for not keeping positive mitzvos? Or is it the case that you just do not get the reward for keeping them and punishments are for transgressing negative mitzvos?
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Why isn't Heavenly judgement final and exhaustive and requires Earthy retribution?

Many Biblical and Rabbinic sources speak of the Earthy retribution - a person suffers (is justly punished) in this Earthy world because of the sins of previous generations. For example, "אֵל ...
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Can external actions reduce my "reward" for giving charity?

The Rambam lists 8 levels of giving charity, saying one is better than the next. I am assuming that there is some greater advantage to performing this mitzvah on a "higher" level, an idea ...
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Delayed Judgement on Rosh Hashana

I heard that the judgement determined on Rosh Hashana does not start to get carried out until some date after the chagim, possibly in Marcheshvan or later. Is anyone familiar with this teaching and ...
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Is it wrong to expect rewards for observance?

Many commentators have told us to perform the commandments for their own sake, out of love, not for the purpose of receiving rewards. The Rambam summarized this exhortation as follows : "When I ...
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What exactly is "prohibited magic" in Judaism?

It appears that "magic" in most "modern" "western" civilizations is prohibited. But societies like those in China or Latin America or Africa have mentions of all kinds of ...
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Are thousands of generations to be accounted for literally?

Deuteronomy 5:10 ..."To those who keep His commandments...God's grace is extended to a thousand generations", Rashi's comment suggests when obeying out of fear. Deuteronomy 7:9..."Those ...
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Source for story about a murdering son-in-law whose family was swallowed alive

I stumbled upon a really random story in the middle of a sefer on the Azharos of Rav Shlomo ibn Gabirol. The author says he heard it from his father. Since he was discussing the prohibition of murder, ...
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Midah Keneged Midah in the Punishment of an Entire Tzibur [i.e, Covid-19]

I was recently reading a controversial article on The Lakewood Scoop claiming that Coronavirus (Covid-19) is a punishment for the fact that we expelled anti-vaxxers from our Yeshivos and Mosdos ...
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What mitzvos are under the umbrella term מתן שכרה בצידה referenced in the Jerusalem Talmud Bava Basra

The gemara in the Jerusalem Talmud Bava Batra (cited here) refers to a collective set of commandments called "מתן שכרה בצידה", which I believe can be loosely translated as "reward given on the side" ...
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Was Yaakov lacking Bitachon?

When Yaakov becomes afraid of Eisav's arrival, the passuk says that he was very frightened. Chazal in Maseches Brachos note that he was afraid שמא יגרום החטא. Does this display a lack of Bitachon, ...
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High priest’s death pardoning criminals?

A Christian was telling me that in ancient Israel there was some rule about banishment and high priests, that Jesus is the ultimate high priest, that his death released everyone from sin. What - if ...
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Why can a baby get Tzaraas?

Reference in Gemora Shabbos 133a Daf Yomi recently to tzaraas (skin disease see Leviticus 13) on the foreskin regarding mila (circumcission). This implies babies can have tzaraas. If tzaraas is not ...
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Berachot 5a - What is R. Yochanan's objection?

In Berachot 5a we have the following exchange between Reis Lakish and R. Yochanan: אמר רבי שמעון בן לקיש כל העוסק בתורה יסורין בדילין הימנו שנאמר ובני רשף יגביהו עוף ואין עוף אלא תורה שנאמר התעיף ...
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Does attending a Siyum receive the merit as if one has learned the whole Masechta (Tractate)?

I've heard people say that attending a Siyum gets the merit like you learned all of the Gemara that's getting Siyum'd on. Is there a mekor (Torah source) for this idea? (And if yes, then does any ...
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How does one get punished for sins beyond punishment?

I asked this question in a comment to another question's answer, but I wanted to ask it explicitly: It has been stated that : [...] it has been pointed out in Rishonim [...] that some sins are so ...
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Jewish married man having relations with Jewish divorced woman [closed]

What is the Halacha of a Jewish married man engaging in physical relations with a Jewish divorced woman.
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What is the reason the religious adherence is currently inversely proportional to the standard of living? [closed]

It is a well-established fact that the most religious modern societies are the poorest, having the least life expectancy, most infant mortality, hunger, wars, wild animals and everything that's on the ...
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3 votes
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Punishment vs suffering

The Rambam says in Hilchos Teshuva chapter 1 עָבַר עַל כְּרֵתוֹת וּמִיתוֹת בֵּית דִּין וְעָשָׂה תְּשׁוּבָה, תְּשׁוּבָה וְיוֹם הַכִּפּוּרִים תּוֹלִין וְיִסּוּרִין הַבָּאִין עָלָיו גּוֹמְרִין לוֹ ...
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If Jews don't believe in heaven, what reason do they have to follow a moral code? [closed]

In Christianity for example, some people argue that you should be good on this Earth in order to get your reward in heaven. In Judaism as there is no heaven, what is the reason given to follow the ...
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How can having witnesses to a crime lessen the punishment?

This answer describes a scenario where if a sin (relations with a non Jew for purposes of marriage) is committed without witnesses, one gets punished with kares, but if there are witnesses he gets ...
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What made G-d change His opinion about Humans and how is it possible?

וַיָּ֣רַח ה' אֶת־רֵ֣יחַ הַנִּיחֹחַ֒ וַיֹּ֨אמֶר ה' אֶל־לִבּ֗וֹ לֹֽא־אֹ֠סִף לְקַלֵּ֨ל ע֤וֹד אֶת־הָֽאֲדָמָה֙ בַּעֲב֣וּר הָֽאָדָ֔ם כִּ֠י יֵ֣צֶר לֵ֧ב הָאָדָ֛ם רַ֖ע מִנְּעֻרָ֑יו וְלֹֽא־אֹסִ֥ף ע֛וֹד ...
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What percentage of the humanity must sin to cause G-d to wipe them all?

In the story of the Mabul, the Torah's description of the overall disorder is very vague - "The Earth was corrupted and filled with Hamas". THe outcome is clear - the whole of humanity was judged. ...
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Were G-d's expectations for Dor Hamabul realistic?

Undoubtfully the all-loving G-d was a bit harsh on punishing the whole generation of Noah (probably millions?) by drowning them (and all the animals - what did they do?) in boiling water (He could ...
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Does the plain text of the Torah support the view that "It would have been preferable had man not been created"?

תָּנוּ רַבָּנַן: שְׁתֵּי שָׁנִים וּמֶחֱצָה נֶחְלְקוּ בֵּית שַׁמַּאי וּבֵית הִלֵּל. הַלָּלוּ אוֹמְרִים: נוֹחַ לוֹ לְאָדָם שֶׁלֹּא נִבְרָא יוֹתֵר מִשֶּׁנִּבְרָא, וְהַלָּלוּ אוֹמְרִים: נוֹחַ לוֹ לְאָדָם ...
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Why does נהמא דכיסופא make sense at all between lovers? [duplicate]

This preliminary question asks about what N"D is. The נהמא דכיסופא is a possible explanation for why should we suffer in this world to receive the reward in the afterworld. I tried to verify that: ...
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Frequency of Heavenly judgment

@Maurice has asked a series of interesting questions on how our reward and punishment system works. We generally hold that Yom Kippur is the time of the final verdict for a year, but I'd like to know ...
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How do reward and punishment work?

1-Good things happen to good people. Because God rewards good behavior. [Lev 26:3-13] 2-Bad things happen to bad people. Because God punishes bad behavior. [Lev 26:14-45] 3-Good things happen to ...
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Does Rambam hold of eternal punishment?

In chapter 3 of Hilchos Teshuva, Rambam says The following individuals do not have a portion in the world to come. Rather, their [souls] are cut off and they are judged for their great wickedness ...
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Does Teshuva protect from punishment or not?

The Rambam says in Hilchos Teshuva, chapter 6: There are other sins for which justice determines that retribution be exacted in the world to come with no damages coming to the transgressor in ...
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What was the consequence of Yael's sin?

The gemarah (Horiyot 10b, Nazir 23b) states that Yael sinned for the sake of God in sleeping with Sisra. I would like to know what consequence, if any, there was for this sin. Was her husband ...
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5 votes
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Why are some sins counted twice?

I am looking to understand the theology behind a negative commandment being repeated in the Torah in order to make whomever transgresses it punishable for 2 sins. See for example Rashi on Vayikra 25:...
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3 votes
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What are the "major" and "minor" commandments?

The Mishna says: Be quick in performing a minor commandment as a major one. [Avot 4:2] But we do not rank the commandments. The Mishna also says: Be as scrupulous in observing a minor ...
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3 votes
4 answers
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Egalitarian references in Chazal

I'm trying to find references in Chazal to the principle that people are judged/rewarded based on the choices they make, regardless of their specific role in society. For example, I believe I have ...
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What is my status with God?

I am asking in a manner where “I” represents people like me, in the sense that the answer might apply to me but also more broadly to others. By “status with God” Interpret as “what consequences may ...
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How did Bilaam know that illicit relations was the way to trip up Klal Yisrael?

As recounted by Rashi to Numbers 25:1 and Sanhedrin 106a- after Bilaam's "cursing" of Klal Yisrael was unsuccessful, he advised Balak that the way to take down Klal Yisrael was to entice ...
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Why were Er and Onan punished if they were under 20?

As seen from this question, the Heavenly Court does not punish an individual (at least in this life) if he or she is under 20. However, according to Seder Hadoros (Year 2217) Er and Onan were 7 or 8 ...
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Is the punishment for loshan hara death or tzaraas?

What is worse loshan hara about a thing or about a person? We see that Miriam said Lashan Hara about a person and got Tzoraas We see the meraglim said Lashan Hara about trees and stones and received ...
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