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Questions tagged [shabbat-songs]

Shabbat songs, also known as zmirot, are poetic songs customarily sung at the Shabbat meals. They are often written by famous rabbis. Most songs are typically designated for a specific meal.

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Can a man listen to woman singing a pizmon?

Hypothetically, would it be permitted for a man to learn a pizmon from a woman? Namely, that she sings a tune for the purpose of teaching Torah (i.e. Tehilim) and the man has the intent to learn. Does ...
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Why was Adon Olam reduced from 16 to 10 verses?

Why did Ashkenazim cut down the original Adon Olam from 16 to 10 verses? (See original below, by Solomon ibn Gabirol, 11th century Muslim Spain.) Sephardic siddurim still have all 16 verses, ...
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in search of different zemiros tunes

I'm looking for new non standard tunes for zemiros. For example i really like the dror yikra sang to simon and garfunkels scarborough fair (if you're interested i found someone has it up on youtube ...
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How did the angel in “בבואו מאדום” Zemer make three mistakes?

I have always been puzzled by "בבואו מאדום" Zemer that many sing at Seuda Shlishis (actually found in the Bentcher as part of "Boruch Hashem Yom Yom"): בְּבוֹאוֹ מֵאֱדוֹם חֲמוּץ בְּגָדִים, זֶבַח ...
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Story of the “marching” version of the song Kel Adon

I recall once hearing that a chassidic rebbe composed a marching-style tune for the Shabbat piyut Kel Adon. This was the closest thing I could find to the tune. I found very few references to it ...
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471 views

What is the source of the Friday night Shalom Aleichem and how did it become popular?

The basis of the song Shalom Aleichem sung Friday night seems to be the Gemara (Shabbat 119b) about the two angels who accompany a person home on Friday night. This question discusses why each stanza ...
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Why is “Hinei yomim boim” - a truncated version of Amos 8:11 sung as though it is words of nechomoh?

Posuk 8:11 of Amos says: הִנֵּ֣ה יָמִ֣ים בָּאִ֗ים נְאֻם֙ אֲדֹנָ֣י יֱהֹוִ֔ה וְהִשְׁלַחְתִּ֥י רָעָ֖ב בָּאָ֑רֶץ לֹֽא־רָעָ֚ב לַלֶּ֙חֶם֙ וְלֹֽא־צָמָ֣א לַמַּ֔יִם כִּ֣י אִם־לִשְׁמֹ֔עַ אֵ֖ת דִּבְרֵ֥י ...
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Psalm 23 and Shabbat

In many siddurim and benchers, I notice that Psalm 23 is included as part of zemirot and / or Kiddush on Shabbat. I don't think I've seen it as part of Friday night, but I have seen it at the ...
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Why does שמי שמים mean “the loftiest heavens”?

In the Artscroll translation of מנוחה ושמחה (The Interlinear Family Zemiros p.58), it translates the phrase שְׁמֵי שָׁמַיִם as "the loftiest heavens". What is the etymology of the first word in this ...
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Does anybody know the origin of this song?

There is a song that in my synagogue they sing every shabat night before beginning kabalat shabat: 'אילו היה לי כוח הייתי יוצא לשוק הייתי מכריז ואומר שבת היום לה (If I had the strength I would go ...
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Why do piyutim follow the aleph-beis?

DanF previously asked about piyutim and zemiros which follow the author's name. But if they don't follow the author's name, they follow the aleph-beis in some fashion or another (repeat letters, ...
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Why do most piyutim and zemirot have an acrostic with the author's name?

Many of the Shabbat zemirot contain an acrostic of the (part of the) author's name, usually using a letter of his name at the start of each verse. For example, Y-ah Ribon has the name Yisra'el; Yom Ze ...
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Why does An'im Zemiros have two רs?

The song beginning אנעים זמירות (also named Shir HaKavod), which is popularly sung in shuls on Shabbos and/or Yom Tov and/or Yamim Noraim, basically follows a letter-scheme, with one verse for each ...
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Why the different wording between Shabbat Kiddush and zemirot?

In Leil Shabbat Kiddush we see the phrase: תחילה למקראי קודש Loose translation (mine): "The start of the holy callings (i.e. holy days)" But in the Shabbat lunchtime somg Yom Ze Mechubad, we see ...
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Timing of Shabbat Zemirot [duplicate]

In viewing the Shabbat zemirot, I noticed that some were listed for the evening, some for the afternoon, and some for the 3rd meal. Is there any pattern or characteristic that qualifies a specifc ...
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Song sung in Hebrew, English, and Russian with words “life is a narrow bridge.”

Disclaimer: This question is not about religion, per se; however, it does have to do with jewish culture. My rabbi had us sing some song during a few shabbats. However, I don't remember most of the ...
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What is the source for “last in deed, first in thought”?

In the song Lecha Dodi the author states סוף מעשה במחשבה תחלה - last in deed, [was] first in thought I have seen this maxim attributed to Aristotle; is there a classic Jewish source for this in ...
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Shalom Aleichem and Eishet Chayil at the Pesach Seder?

When the (first) Seder falls out on Friday night (as it did this year), the custom at my family's Seder is not to say Shalom Aleichem and Eishet Chayil. I have looked in all of the Machzorim and ...
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Why is “An'im Zemirot” called “Shir Hakavod”?

In most Siddurim (Nusach Ashkenaz and Sefard) the hymn that starts with the words "An'im Zemirot" is denoted in the Siddur as "Shir Hakavod" - sometimes translated in English in the Siddur (such as ...
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Shalom Aleichem — “shuvchem” instead of “tzeitchem”?

I've heard a setting (by Debbie Friedman) of the song "Shalom Aleichem" that, in the last verse, says "shuvchem" instead of "tzeitchem" (recording, mixed group of singers). A rabbi who knew her told ...
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Shabbos Zemiros source for Al Ahavosicha?

My family sings a zemer called al ahavosich, which i have never seen in a standard bencher/zmiros book. Does anyone know where this zemer comes from?
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What to do if mother-in-law is singing at meal?

How should one act halachically if he invites not so observant female family members (specifically mother in law) at the shabbat table and they start singing.
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Rav Moshe's Chanuka additions to Baruch Hashem Yom Yom

This morning in Shul I saw a pamphlet that said as follows. The song Boruch Hashem Yom Yom, the sixth stanza is referring to Chanuka. It said in this pamphlet that Rabbi Moshe Feinstein Zatzal would ...
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Custom of singing Aishes Chayil before kiddush

It seems that not everyone [always] sang/sings Aishes Chayil with Sholom Aleichem at the Friday night Shabbos table. When and how did the custom of singing Aishes Chayil at the table begin? Who ...
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Why ask for forgiveness of our sins after Havdala each week?

After havdala we often sing "Hamavdil ben kodesh l'chol". The second line asks for forgiveness of our sins. Why is forgiveness of our sins our concern so early in the week? Does it imply we have ...
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Standing for whole of Lecha Dodi

Certain families in my shul have the minhag to stand for the entire Lecha Dodi. I asked them why, but they do not know the source of the minhag. Does anyone know what the source of this minhag is?
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Is it okay to sing Zemirot for Shabbas day on Shabbas night?

I know there are zemirot that are generally for Shabbas night, and others that are for Shabbas day, but is it okay to sing them whenever on shabbas? Is there any significance to why they are ...
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What is the source for singing zemirot on Shabbat?

Who and when did the custom of singing zemirot at the Shabbat table, and what was the basis (halacha, verse, etc.) for instituting it? What was the 1st zemirah?
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Do some abridge the Shabbat evening Kiddush?

I came across this video from the IDF. The man leading the group leaves off the last verse of Shalom Aleichem. He also omits sections of the last blessing of Kiddush, specifically כי הוא יום תחלה ...
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Explain order of the phrase המאחרין לצאת מן השבת וממהרין לבא in the song כל מקדש שביעי from Fri. night Zemirot [duplicate]

In the Friday night Zemirah staring with the words כל מקדש שביעי , the 3rd paragraph has the phrase: המאחרין לצאת מן השבת וממהרין לבא - "Those who delay to leave the Shabbat and hurry to enter it ...
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What book would be a good reference for prayer melodies?

When davening at different synagogues, I notice that some use different melodies for songs (eg: El Adon, Hallel, L'kha Dodi) as well as different nusach (in the sense of melodies for brachot used for ...
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English Translation of Song “Ka Echsof”

I'm looking for an english translation of the Shabbat song "Ka Echsof". The hebrew can be found on wikipedia here.
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Why does almost every community say Lecha Dodi?

The prayer Lecha Dodi was composed in the 16th century which is relatively recent as the general Nusach of prayer was founded between 516 BCE – 70 CE by the Anshei K'neset Hagdolah, and its rare that ...
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When is OK to repeat words or lines in prayer? [duplicate]

I have read several questions and answers on here regarding repeating words in prayer, but they do not answer why some common repetitions are allowable. Some examples: 1) During the Torah service, ...
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Variant text of דרור יקרא

The text of the Shabbat zemer דרור יקרא has a line based on Isaiah 63:1-3 (מי זה בא מאדום חמוץ בגדים מבצרה וכו') which usually reads: דרוך פורה בתוך בצרה, וגם בבל אשר גברה However, I also have ...
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What is wrong with asking the angels for a blessing in Shalom Aleichem?

In the artscroll zemiros book they mention that the Gra and Rav Emden either did not say or modified the shabbat song Shalom Aleichem because there is a stanza which requests that the angels bless us. ...
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Resource for tunes for prayers/songs

Is there an online resource (aside from random YouTube searching) that allows you to hear the various tunes for prayers/songs? For example, there are many to lecha dodi. I only know of one for eishes ...
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Singing Lecha Dodi before Shabbos

In every community I have been in there is a custom to sing Lecha Dodi, sometimes along with yedid nefesh or shir hashirim, during kabbalat shabbat. Are there any communities which do not sing lecha ...
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What does the concept of rehovot hanahar mean?

I have seen the phrase Rehovot HaNahar (wideness of the river) used, often in a kabbalistic context, but am not sure what it symbolizes. The phrase can be found in the shabbos song Kel Mistater (the ...
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1answer
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Transliteración de la Amidá en Español - Transliteration of the Amidah into Spanish

Estoy buscando una transliteración del rezo Shemoné-Esré en la lengua español. ¿Puede usted, por favor, ayudarme? Yo también quiero los rezos y cánticos para el Shabat. I'm looking for a ...
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Shalom Aleichem to angels?

The zemer "Shalom Aleichem" is obviously addressed to angels. The Tur (OC Siman 3) gives a short text to says before entering the bathroom: התכבדו מכובדים משרתי עליון, etc. (also obviously addressed ...
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Ban on Shabas fasts derived from lechem hapanim?

The Shabas table song "Ki eshm'ra Shabas" includes the following stanza: רָשׁוּם/רָשַׁם בְּדַת הָאֵ׳ חוֹק אֶל סְגָנָיו בּוֹ לַעֲרוֹךְ לֶחֶם פָּנִים בְּפָנָיו עַל כֵּן לְהִתְעַנּוֹת בּוֹ עַל פִּי ...
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Explanation of a part of Azamer B'Shvochim

Can someone explain the end of the fourth stanza (bold below) of the song Azamer B'shvochim? יְחַבֵּק לַהּ בַּעְלַהּ וּבִיסוֹדָא דִי לַהּ דְּעָבֵד נְיָחָא לַהּ יְהֵא כָתֵשׁ כְּתִישִׁין Her husband ...
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Tzur MiShelo - Should you sing it before Bentching?

The song "Tzur MiShelo", generally printed in Bentchers, Siddurim, Zimronim, etc., as a Friday night song, follows the pattern of Bentching (grace after meals), praising G-d and praying for redemption,...
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1answer
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Why did the Vilna Gaon not approve of singing the zemiroh “Tzur Mishelo” on Shabbos?

I understand that the Vilna Gaon did not approve of singing the zemiroh “Tzur Mishelo” on Shabbos because it could be valid as Grace after Meals. But on Shabbos, Grace after Meals is not valid ...
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2answers
223 views

Shabbat songs that rhyme only with Hashem's real name [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Pronouncing Hashem's name in a song Many songs we sing and the Shabbat table we use the word Hashem instead of Hashem's real name even when the song was written in rhyme ...
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1answer
249 views

To sing or not to sing - Piyutim on Shabbath

Some Piyutim recited on Shabbath are widely (in the Ashkenazi world) sung by the congregation (usually in unison, but in some rare instances in the Ashkenazi world they are sung responsively). Among ...
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1answer
116 views

יום זה לישראל variants

The Shabas table song "יום זה לישראל אורה ושמחה" is sometimes found printed with twelve stanzas forming the acrostic יצחק לוריא חזק, and sometimes with but six of the twelve (the ones forming the ...
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יִבָּנֶה הַמִּקְדָּשׁ עִיר צִיּוֹן תְּמַלֵּא — why not תִּמָּלֵא?

The Shabas table song "Tzur mishelo achalnu" contains the following line: יִבָּנֶה הַמִּקְדָּשׁ עִיר צִיּוֹן תְּמַלֵּא yibane hamikdash ir Tziyon t'male the Temple should be built; you ...
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330 views

Who is the object in Lecha Dodi?

The chorus and multiple verses of Lecha Dodi address a female second person - "Beloved." Who is it? In the final verse, the object is presumably the Shabbat Queen, since we end with "Come O Bride! ...