Questions tagged [rishonim]

Torah scholars from 1000-1500, roughly.

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108 views

Can anyone explain R. Nissim of Marseilles's seemingly problematic opinion on longevity in Genesis?

Recently, I have been looking into the idea of longevity in Genesis. Today, I stumbled upon R. Nissim of Marseilles's opinion of it, but no matter how many times I read over the article that mentioned ...
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Source for Geonic division of mitzvos

The Rambam and those who follow suit divide the 613 mitzvos into two groups, 248 positive mitzvos and 365 negative mitzvos. This is sourced from Makkos 23b. However, most of the Geonim (for example: ...
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104 views

Are there any rishonim buried in England and france

Do we know of any of the burial places of rishonim around France (and England). I know rabbi Yisrael Meir gabbai has found some but are there any tools to source ancient jewish cemeteries e.g. a map.
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133 views

Where can the Tosafot of Rabbi Samson of Sens be found?

This might be quite a basic question, but there’s a passage from Rabbi Samson of Sens’s commentary on Mishnah Eduyot 1:5 that I’ve seen quoted in a few books eg here. (Sometimes it’s quoted as being ...
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Rabbeinu Nissim's source in Rif Pesochim 23 apparent contradiction?

Rabbeinu Nissim ben Re'uven in Maseches Pesochim (page 23 in the Rif ד''ה דילמא see here) says that, whilst one has to eat the Pesach offering "על השובע" (an eating of satisfaction), when it comes to ...
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Instances in Shas where Tosfos quotes the Rambam?

I'm aware of one instance where Tosfos quotes the Rambam: Menachos 42b- Tosfos dibbur ha'maschil "תפילין יש להן בדיקה" where right at the beginning we see Tosfos write "וכן פי' ה"ר משה בר מיימון". ...
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1answer
150 views

Source for Cremation Specifically Not Jewish

A respected Rabbinic figure recently mentioned that one of the Rishonim - maybe Tosfos - writes that אין דרך בני ישראל לשרוף מתיהם: burning a Jew's lifeless body is not the Jewish way. Where is this ...
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Which sins are beyond punishment?

Yishai said in a comment elsewhere on this forum : It has been pointed out in Rishonim that some sins are so bad they can't get a punishment - because the punishment creates forgiveness, but ...
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Why are some rishonim referred to with the word “the” (e.g., “The Meiri”)? [duplicate]

In common usage, some names have the word "The", others do not. Why? Why "The Meiri", "The Rambam", "The Ramban", "The Vilna Gaon", "The Semag", but "Rashi", "Ibn Gabirol", "Ibn Ezra", "Rabeinu Tam"...
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113 views

In what order were the works of the Rashba written?

Rabbi Shlomo Ibn Aderet wrote a huge number of responsa, as well as a commentary on much of the Talmud, and a couple of Halachic works. I would assume that the responsa were written over a long ...
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51 views

Why is there no Rashi on Maseches Nedarim, Nazir, most of Bava Basra etc?

A similar question asked "Which masechtot don't really have Rashi?" which proceeded to list the Masechtot (Nedarim, Nazir, Moed Kattan) & parts of Shas (most of Bava Basra, last 4 daf of Makkos) ...
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104 views

List of which Rishonim wrote on each Masechta?

I would like to know if anyone has made a comprehensive list/chart of which Rishonim wrote on each masechta in shas. Such a list would include details such as: Masechtos where Rashi is not rashi, the ...
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128 views

Rishon who holds killing in an upward motion is more negligent

The Mishnah (Makkos 2:1) teaches that someone who kills inadvertently is sent to exile, if and only if they killed in a downward motion. If it was in an upward motion, there is no exile. Is this ...
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1answer
77 views

No kares for adultery with an arusa

I was listening to this lecture by Rav Herschel Schachter and near the end he parenthetically mentioned that there's an opinion of the Maharam MiRotenburg and Tosafos HaRosh in Yevamos that there's ...
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77 views

When were these fasts observed?

The Tur (Orach Chayim 580), quoting the Bahag (Laws of the Ninth of Av), gives a list of days on which to fast. This list is copied or mentioned by some other rishonim (as quoted in the footnote to ...
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134 views

Rashi Biographical Details [closed]

On Avodah Zarah 75a (dibur hamtchil "ולא פליגי"), Shabbos 85b ("בנוטה שורה לכאן ושורה לכאן"), Sukkah 40a ("ה"ג עצים דהסקה תנאי היא"), and Makkot 19b ("רישא במעשר שני טמא") there are personal comments ...
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Whey in butter (Chema't akkum)?

I recently read a responsum from R' Tam (brought in Shaarei Dura 78) where he discusses butter that was mixed with whey. While he permits regular butter from a gentile for consumption he nevertheless ...
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Unknown La'az in Teshuvot Rashi

In the Elfenbein (1943) edition of Teshuvot Rashi, in the teshuvot from Rashi to the rabbis of Auxerre ('סימן ג), Rashi writes "לשון דמות צלם" is "אאמיינדליי" in la'az. Elfenbein writes in his ...
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63 views

Maharam Discussing the Rosh

Is there a list of teshuvot (or other documents) in which the Maharam discusses his student the Rosh?
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Who wrote/compiled Rashi on the Rif

In Rashi on the Rif?, a number of questions are posed about this commentary, however, there is one big question still remaining: Who actually wrote or compiled this Peirush? Was it Rashi himself, ...
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151 views

An apparent contradiction in Ralbag's philosophical methodology

This discussion about Ralbag reminded me of an apparent contradiction in Ralbag's Torah/Philosophy methodology. At the end of his introduction to Wars of the Lord ('מלחמות ה) he writes: The reader ...
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Deviations of Ralbag from normative Jewish theology

In an article about the Rashba's views on science, Rabbi Dr. David Horwitz throws in the following sentence (p. 53): No less than a radical thinker than R. Levi ben Gershom (Ralbag), who had no ...
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Provenance of Testament of Rabbi Eliezer

There is a work known as Tsavaat Rabbi Eliezer HaGadol, which is purported to be have been authored by the Tanna R. Eliezer. According to R. Menahem Lunzano cited here, the work was actually authored ...
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Who was רבינו יואל מבונ"א?

I came across a רבינו יואל מבונ"א quoted by Rosh in his commentary to Kiddushin (4:16). See here. Who is he? I suspect that he is Rabbeinu Yoel HaLevi, father of Ra'avyah and that בונ"א is what we ...
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123 views

Problem with Likkutei Maharil

I was listening to a shiur by Rav Asher Weiss on asmachta and he brought three explanations for its purpose: Ritvah - A derabannan that has a source in the torah Tosafos and Rambam - Memorization ...
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475 views

Praise of Mishneh Torah amongst the Rishonim

The Mishneh Torah is often described as one of the cornerstones of Jewish literature. The Rambam, in his introduction to this magnum opus, describes his book as being written: כֻּלָּן בְּלָשׁוֹן ...
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Who is called by Tosfot “Harav Porat”

In Masechet Yoma 37b (see also 78b), Tosfot says: והרב פור''ת פירש כפר''י And the Rav Porat explains as Rabbenu Yitschak. Is there someone who knows who is this rav. (I have some ...
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126 views

Majority of Poskim like Rabbeinu Tam?

Recently someone made the statement that "rov poskim" go like the shita of Rabbeinu Tam in regards to shkia/nightfall. Is there any list available that shows the Rishonim and Achronim that pasken like ...
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When Tosfos refer to “Tosfos”, who do they mean?

According to Wikipedia, the Tosfos to Moed Qatan were written by a student to a certain Rabbi Yitzhak. Do we know anything about who he was or where he lived? Specifically, to whom is he referring in ...
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117 views

Tefillah Commentaries - Rishonim

Does anyone know of any Rishonim who explain tefillah? (To clarify: I'm looking for peirushim on the text itself. Mefarshim on the concept of Tefillah in general should be taken over here.)
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Arguing with the Rishonim

Is there an accepted understanding among Orthodox Jews that an Achron cannot argue with a Rishon (Torah scholars who lived between the years 1000 and 1500)? If so,what is this concept based on and ...
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Simanim in the Rosh

In the Rosh's work found at the back of most gemaras, his halachos are split up into simanim (sections). I am wondering whether we can make inferences from how the simanim are split up and hence want ...
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163 views

Who is HaRam in Tosafos

I've seen הר"ם quoted in Tosafos in a few places. One example is Kiddushin 50a, Tosfos ד"ה היה לו. I always assumed it was Rabbeinu Meir, the son in law of Rashi, who's sons are the famous trio of ...
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207 views

Chart of the Rishonim?

Does anyone know if there is a chart of the Rishonim available? Like a genealogy tree (but for rav/talmid and by region). If it goes on to Acharonim, even better. I have one for the Tannoim and ...
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295 views

Did 'Rationalist' Rishonim naturalize miracles? If so, why?

In an answer to a different question, someone asserted that various Rishonim were led by their philosophic beliefs to believe that miracles which violated the natural order would reflect a flaw in the ...
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672 views

Why are we not fluent in Greek philosophy anymore?

Why is it that the Rishonim and many Achronim used to be fluent in philosophy (mainly Greek) and these days it's unheard of? Is it due to our weakness, and it is really allowed?
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224 views

Hashgachah pratis according to Rambam/n

Rambam in Moreh Nevuchim 3:18 and Ramban in his commentary to Iyov (do not remember exactly where) as well as on Parashas Vayeiroh (Bereishis 18:19) say that for the majority of humanity, including ...
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227 views

Seeking the book of Rav Moshe Taku

I read in a post on mi yodeya here that this Chacham, Rav Moshe Ben Chasday Mitaku wrote that G-d has a body. I am sure that the text is very interesting and I am curious to understand what he means. ...
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227 views

Where can I buy Or Hashem?

I found a new printing of Or Hashem by R. Chasdai Crescas on hebrewbooks.org (here), but I can't find it or any other print for sale. Any ideas?
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How and why did R. Akiva Eiger try to emulate the Rashba?

I'm attending a bar mitzva celebration recently, and the father of the boy gives a short speech. During his speech he mentions in passing that Rabbi Akiva Eiger (1761–1837, modern-day Austria ...
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158 views

Complete print Machzor Vitry

I was looking through Seforim Center the other day and found a partial edition (volumes 1&2 here and and a third on the same site) of the Machzor Vitry. Is there a complete print (or digital) ...
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166 views

Divine Providence and Mishpatim 21:13

The Rambam, and many other Rishonim believed that divine providence extends to people in accordance with their righteousness. It follows that they believed that many times, G-d lets things happen ...
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1answer
146 views

Benefit of learning the rishonim for non posek-wannabes?

For a person whose goal is NOT to become a posek what would be the benefit or purpose in learning the rishonim when one learns a gemarah? By rishonim I am referring to the Rash, Ran in the back of ...
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100 views

When the רא״ש refers to “הגאון”, who is he referring to?

A friend posted on Facebook the following question, and I couldn't solve it based on any context, so I thought I'd bring it here. When the רא״ש refers to "הגאון", who is he referring to? Is there ...
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1answer
68 views

Identity of “the Greek rabbi” in the Raavad's gloss (Tum'at Met 17:3)

In the Raavad's gloss on Hilkhot Tum'at Met 17:3, he mentions a scholar who (like the Rambam) also erred in his definition of בטח - as found in the Mishna, Ohalot 12:3. Where the Rambam thinks that a ...
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60 views

What is the hebrew Word for the rationalist approach [closed]

What is the hebrew term for the rationalist approach of the Rambam, the Ran, the Rivash, Ralbag etc.?
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Is there a relationship between the Sma“g and the Sma”k?

The works Sefer Mitzvos Gadol and Sefer Mitzvos Katan have very similar names, but I never assumed the connection went far beyond that. Then, I saw a Beis Yosef (Yoreh Deah 194) which, in explanation ...
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Did Rambam have Rashi's works?

While the Rambam lived a century after Rashi, I cannot recall ever seeing or hearing the Rambam cite or mention Rashi or any of his works. Is there any evidence that Rambam had access to Rashi's ...
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49 views

Does Bleeding on the 11th Day Join Bleeding on the 12th Day of the Zav Days?

According to Rambam in Hilchot Isurai Biyah: רָאָת דָּם בָּעֲשִׂירִי מִיְּמֵי זִיבָתָהּ, וּבָאַחַד עָשָׂר, וּבִשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר--אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁרָאָת בִּשְׁלוֹשָׁה יָמִים זֶה אַחַר זֶה--אֵינָהּ ...
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109 views

Are there any running commentaries on grace after meals?

I would like to know if there are any authors from the period of the rishonim or earlier who have compiled a running commentary on birkat hamazon.