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Questions tagged [rishonim]

Torah scholars from 1000-1500, roughly.

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List of which Rishonim wrote on each Masechta?

I would like to know if anyone has made a comprehensive list/chart of which Rishonim wrote on each masechta in shas. Such a list would include details such as: Masechtos where Rashi is not rashi, the ...
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Rishon who holds killing in an upward motion is more negligent

The Mishnah (Makkos 2:1) teaches that someone who kills inadvertently is sent to exile, if and only if they killed in a downward motion. If it was in an upward motion, there is no exile. Is this ...
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No kares for adultery with an arusa

I was listening to this lecture by Rav Herschel Schachter and near the end he parenthetically mentioned that there's an opinion of the Maharam MiRotenburg and Tosafos HaRosh in Yevamos that there's ...
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When were these fasts observed?

The Tur (Orach Chayim 580), quoting the Bahag (Laws of the Ninth of Av), gives a list of days on which to fast. This list is copied or mentioned by some other rishonim (as quoted in the footnote to ...
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Rashi Biographical Details [closed]

On Avodah Zarah 75a (dibur hamtchil "ולא פליגי"), Shabbos 85b ("בנוטה שורה לכאן ושורה לכאן"), Sukkah 40a ("ה"ג עצים דהסקה תנאי היא"), and Makkot 19b ("רישא במעשר שני טמא") there are personal comments ...
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Whey in butter (Chema't akkum)?

I recently read a responsum from R' Tam (brought in Shaarei Dura 78) where he discusses butter that was mixed with whey. While he permits regular butter from a gentile for consumption he nevertheless ...
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Unknown La'az in Teshuvot Rashi

In the Elfenbein (1943) edition of Teshuvot Rashi, in the teshuvot from Rashi to the rabbis of Auxerre ('סימן ג), Rashi writes "לשון דמות צלם" is "אאמיינדליי" in la'az. Elfenbein writes in his ...
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Maharam Discussing the Rosh

Is there a list of teshuvot (or other documents) in which the Maharam discusses his student the Rosh?
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Who wrote/compiled Rashi on the Rif

In Rashi on the Rif?, a number of questions are posed about this commentary, however, there is one big question still remaining: Who actually wrote or compiled this Peirush? Was it Rashi himself, ...
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An apparent contradiction in Ralbag's philosophical methodology

This discussion about Ralbag reminded me of an apparent contradiction in Ralbag's Torah/Philosophy methodology. At the end of his introduction to Wars of the Lord ('מלחמות ה) he writes: The reader ...
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Deviations of Ralbag from normative Jewish theology

In an article about the Rashba's views on Science, Rabbi Dr. David Horwitz throws in the following sentence (p 53): No less than a radical thinker than R. Levi ben Gershom (Ralbag), who had no ...
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Provenance of Testament of Rabbi Eliezer

There is a work known as Tsavaat Rabbi Eliezer HaGadol, which is purported to be have been authored by the Tanna R. Eliezer. According to R. Menahem Lunzano cited here, the work was actually authored ...
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Who was רבינו יואל מבונ"א?

I came across a רבינו יואל מבונ"א quoted by Rosh in his commentary to Kiddushin (4:16). See here. Who is he? I suspect that he is Rabbeinu Yoel HaLevi, father of Ra'avyah and that בונ"א is what we ...
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Problem with Likkutei Maharil

I was listening to a shiur by Rav Asher Weiss on asmachta and he brought three explanations for its purpose: Ritvah - A derabannan that has a source in the torah Tosafos and Rambam - Memorization ...
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Praise of Mishneh Torah amongst the Rishonim

The Mishneh Torah is often described as one of the cornerstones of Jewish literature. The Rambam, in his introduction to this magnum opus, describes his book as being written: כֻּלָּן בְּלָשׁוֹן ...
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Who is called by Tosfot “Harav Porat”

In Masechet Yoma 37b (see also 78b), Tosfot says: והרב פור''ת פירש כפר''י And the Rav Porat explains as Rabbenu Yitschak. Is there someone who knows who is this rav. (I have some ...
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Majority of Poskim like Rabbeinu Tam?

Recently someone made the statement that "rov poskim" go like the shita of Rabbeinu Tam in regards to shkia/nightfall. Is there any list available that shows the Rishonim and Achronim that pasken like ...
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When Tosfos refer to “Tosfos”, who do they mean?

According to Wikipedia, the Tosfos to Moed Qatan were written by a student to a certain Rabbi Yitzhak. Do we know anything about who he was or where he lived? Specifically, to whom is he referring in ...
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Tefillah Commentaries - Rishonim

Does anyone know of any Rishonim who explain tefillah? (To clarify: I'm looking for peirushim on the text itself. Mefarshim on the concept of Tefillah in general should be taken over here.)
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Arguing with the Rishonim

Is there an accepted understanding among Orthodox Jews that an Achron cannot argue with a Rishon (Torah scholars who lived between the years 1000 and 1500)? If so,what is this concept based on and ...
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Simanim in the Rosh

In the Rosh's work found at the back of most gemaras, his halachos are split up into simanim (sections). I am wondering whether we can make inferences from how the simanim are split up and hence want ...
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Who is HaRam in Tosafos

I've seen הר"ם quoted in Tosafos in a few places. One example is Kiddushin 50a קידושין דף נ ע"א ד"ה היה לו. I always assumed it was Rabbeinu Meir, the son in law of Rashi, who's sons are the famous ...
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Chart of the Rishonim?

Does anyone know if there is a chart of the Rishonim available? Like a genealogy tree (but for rav/talmid and by region). If it goes on to Acharonim, even better. I have one for the Tannoim and ...
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Did 'Rationalist' Rishonim naturalize miracles? If so, why?

In an answer to a different question, someone asserted that various Rishonim were led by their philosophic beliefs to believe that miracles which violated the natural order would reflect a flaw in the ...
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Why are we not fluent in Greek philosophy anymore?

Why is it that the Rishonim and many Achronim used to be fluent in philosophy (mainly Greek) and these days it's unheard of? Is it due to our weakness, and it is really allowed?
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Hashgachah pratis according to Rambam/n

Rambam in Moreh Nevuchim 3:18 and Ramban in his commentary to Iyov (do not remember exactly where) as well as on Parashas Vayeiroh (Bereishis 18:19) say that for the majority of humanity, including ...
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Seeking the book of Rav Moshe Taku

I read in a post on mi yodeya here that this Chacham, Rav Moshe Ben Chasday Mitaku wrote that G-d has a body. I am sure that the text is very interesting and I am curious to understand what he means. ...
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Where can I buy Or Hashem?

I found a new printing of Or Hashem by R. Chasdai Crescas on hebrewbooks.org (here), but I can't find it or any other print for sale. Any ideas?
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How and why did R. Akiva Eiger try to emulate the Rashba?

I'm attending a bar mitzva celebration recently, and the father of the boy gives a short speech. During his speech he mentions in passing that Rabbi Akiva Eiger (1761–1837, modern-day Austria ...
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Complete print Machzor Vitry

I was looking through Seforim Center the other day and found a partial edition (volumes 1&2 here and and a third on the same site) of the Machzor Vitry. Is there a complete print (or digital) ...
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Divine Providence and Mishpatim 21:13

The Rambam, and many other Rishonim believed that divine providence extends to people in accordance with their righteousness. It follows that they believed that many times, G-d lets things happen ...
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Benefit of learning the rishonim for non posek-wannabes?

For a person whose goal is NOT to become a posek what would be the benefit or purpose in learning the rishonim when one learns a gemarah? By rishonim I am referring to the Rash, Ran in the back of ...
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When the רא״ש refers to “הגאון”, who is he referring to?

A friend posted on Facebook the following question, and I couldn't solve it based on any context, so I thought I'd bring it here. When the רא״ש refers to "הגאון", who is he referring to? Is there ...
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Identity of “the Greek rabbi” in the Raavad's gloss (Tum'at Met 17:3)

In the Raavad's gloss on Hilkhot Tum'at Met 17:3, he mentions a scholar who (like the Rambam) also erred in his definition of בטח - as found in the Mishna, Ohalot 12:3. Where the Rambam thinks that a ...
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What is the hebrew Word for the rationalist approach [closed]

What is the hebrew term for the rationalist approach of the Rambam, the Ran, the Rivash, Ralbag etc.?
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Is there a relationship between the Sma“g and the Sma”k?

The works Sefer Mitzvos Gadol and Sefer Mitzvos Katan have very similar names, but I never assumed the connection went far beyond that. Then, I saw a Beis Yosef (Yoreh Deah 194) which, in explanation ...
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Did Rambam have Rashi's works?

While the Rambam lived a century after Rashi, I cannot recall ever seeing or hearing the Rambam cite or mention Rashi or any of his works. Is there any evidence that Rambam had access to Rashi's ...
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Does Bleeding on the 11th Day Join Bleeding on the 12th Day of the Zav Days?

According to Rambam in Hilchot Isurai Biyah: רָאָת דָּם בָּעֲשִׂירִי מִיְּמֵי זִיבָתָהּ, וּבָאַחַד עָשָׂר, וּבִשְׁנֵים עָשָׂר--אַף עַל פִּי שֶׁרָאָת בִּשְׁלוֹשָׁה יָמִים זֶה אַחַר זֶה--אֵינָהּ ...
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Are there any running commentaries on grace after meals?

I would like to know if there are any authors from the period of the rishonim or earlier who have compiled a running commentary on birkat hamazon.
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Tosfos vs Tosfos HaRosh

I have noticed that the Tosfos HaRosh very often parallels the Tosfos on the page. Sometimes he presents almost identical information in a slightly different way, but very often he seems to be saying ...
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Which Rishonim viewed maaseh bereishit as an allegory?

I have often heard that many rishonim were comfortable with the idea that at least the first week of creation could be read allegorically, not literally. What are the specific sources that support ...
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Looking for material on how to 'use' Rashi in the gemara

Where can I find material like 'klalei Rashi'? I'm looking for things such as what Rashi means when he uses certain words and things like that.
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Definition of the term “Talmud” in the phrase “Talmud Torah”

What is the definition of the word "Talmud" used by Chazal in the expression talmud Torah? Does it mean learning Torah, or teaching Torah? I seem to remember this discussed in an article (perhaps on ...
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Prayer in the Ran at the end of Neddarim

Printed at the end of Ran's pirush on maseches Neddarim, before the hadran, is a prayer for Torah and the Beis HaMikdosh. It reads: א-לקים משמים יאיר עינינו בתורתו כאור החמה שבעתים. ויזכנו לראות ...
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connection between “connection” and “torah”

I have seen qouted in the name of Rebbi Avrohom son of Rambam that קשורה has the same numerical value as תורה [an idea also quoted in Bal Haturim Vayigash 44 30]. I'd appreciate if anyone could direct ...
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Significance of 13 Attributes of Mercy in Prayer

According to the Gemara Rosh Hashana (17b) the recitation of the 13 attributes of God leads to forgiveness: א"ר יוחנן אלמלא מקרא כתוב אי אפשר לאומרו מלמד שנתעטף הקב"ה כשליח צבור והראה לו למשה סדר ...
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Repetition in Sefer Yere'im

The sefer Yere'im of R. Eliezer of Metz which lists the 613 mitzvos seems to count several identical mitzvos. E.g. mitzvos 25-30 (according to the newer editions). Although I could creatively ...
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Authorship of Rabbenu Gershom's Commentary to Talmud

Who authored the commentary attributed to Rabbenu Gershom to tractate Temurah and other tractates such as Bava Batra? I recall reading some who doubted the traditional attribution, or suggesting that ...
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Intrinsic Value of Mitzvot

The question is the following: do mitzvot have intrinsic value, or only extrinsic value. A ramification of this is the following scenario: A person has two ways of performing an act; one of them would ...
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Who is Ranbi in the Shitta Mekubetzet?

Who is the רנב"י quoted by the Shitta Mekubetzet to Nedaarim (8a s.v. אמר רב גידל)? Could it be R. Nissim ben Yaakov Gaon?