Questions tagged [rishonim]

Torah scholars from 1000-1500, roughly.

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3
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2answers
169 views

Why so much critique of the ibn Ezra?

Throughout Chumash, the Ramba"n goes after the ibn Ezra. The Ramba"n says in his introduction to the Chumash that his attitude toward the ibn Ezra is "תוכחה גלויה ואהבה מסותרת". In ...
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75 views

Looking for a source on a Crusades-era psak

I heard once that during the time of the Crusades, there were a couple of Rishonim who ruled that apostates of the era completely and unequivocally lose Jewish status (not even considered evil Jews, ...
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19 views

Case where rishon explicitly argues with an earlier generation? [duplicate]

Are there cases where a rishon expresses that he argues with a gaon, tana or amorah and holds his stance anyways?
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90 views

Tosfot quoting the Ri Migash?

Tosfot in Yevamot 83b seems to address the comment of Rabbi Yosef Ibn Migash on Baba Batra. ול"ג דתניא כמו שגורס הרב אבן מאגש ואומר דתניא גבי בכור דלא היה לו לרבא להניח המשנה ולהביא הברייתא שאין ...
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How to learn with Rishonim?

I learn Gemara daily and I can read rather well through the text with Rashi and Tosafos. I would like to incorporate Rishonim into my learning. How do I do this? Do I look at them on every sugya? Do I ...
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1answer
90 views

View of the Shu"t Min HaShamayim

The Shu"t Min Hashamayim was written by a Rishon who would receive answers in dreams from Heaven. Is there a difference in Torah views regarding how to weigh the halachic perspective of such a work? (...
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44 views

Looking for a sefer with a collection of interesting/fundamental Rishonim on the Parsha

I'm looking for a sefer which is a collection of interesting, original and fundamental pieces from the Rishonim on the weekly Parsha. I prefer if they are quotes [the original wording], but also happy ...
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1answer
51 views

Looking for a Shiltei ha-Gibborim citation

The Oxford Handbook of Judaism and Economics (page 435, footnote 50, available on Google Books preview here) refers to a comment in the Shiltei ha-Gibborim. The only precise reference is "note 3 on ...
2
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1answer
93 views

Source that Amorayim are not required to know Beraitot/Toseftot

I was told that some Rishonim on Sha"s comment that Amorayim were not required to know Beraitot or Toseftot, they only were required to know the Mishna. Where's that source?
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120 views

Can anyone explain R. Nissim of Marseilles's seemingly problematic opinion on longevity in Genesis?

Recently, I have been looking into the idea of longevity in Genesis. Today, I stumbled upon R. Nissim of Marseilles's opinion of it, but no matter how many times I read over the article that mentioned ...
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44 views

Source for Geonic division of mitzvos

The Rambam and those who follow suit divide the 613 mitzvos into two groups, 248 positive mitzvos and 365 negative mitzvos. This is sourced from Makkos 23b. However, most of the Geonim (for example: ...
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1answer
186 views

Are there any rishonim buried in England and france

Do we know of any of the burial places of rishonim around France (and England). I know rabbi Yisrael Meir gabbai has found some but are there any tools to source ancient jewish cemeteries e.g. a map.
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1answer
147 views

Where can the Tosafot of Rabbi Samson of Sens be found?

This might be quite a basic question, but there’s a passage from Rabbi Samson of Sens’s commentary on Mishnah Eduyot 1:5 that I’ve seen quoted in a few books eg here. (Sometimes it’s quoted as being ...
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32 views

Rabbeinu Nissim's source in Rif Pesochim 23 apparent contradiction?

Rabbeinu Nissim ben Re'uven in Maseches Pesochim (page 23 in the Rif ד''ה דילמא see here) says that, whilst one has to eat the Pesach offering "על השובע" (an eating of satisfaction), when it comes to ...
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316 views

Instances in Shas where Tosfos quotes the Rambam?

I'm aware of one instance where Tosfos quotes the Rambam: Menachos 42b- Tosfos dibbur ha'maschil "תפילין יש להן בדיקה" where right at the beginning we see Tosfos write "וכן פי' ה"ר משה בר מיימון". ...
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1answer
153 views

Source for Cremation Specifically Not Jewish

A respected Rabbinic figure recently mentioned that one of the Rishonim - maybe Tosfos - writes that אין דרך בני ישראל לשרוף מתיהם: burning a Jew's lifeless body is not the Jewish way. Where is this ...
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2k views

Which sins are beyond punishment?

Yishai said in a comment elsewhere on this forum : It has been pointed out in Rishonim that some sins are so bad they can't get a punishment - because the punishment creates forgiveness, but ...
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32 views

Why are some rishonim referred to with the word “the” (e.g., “The Meiri”)? [duplicate]

In common usage, some names have the word "The", others do not. Why? Why "The Meiri", "The Rambam", "The Ramban", "The Vilna Gaon", "The Semag", but "Rashi", "Ibn Gabirol", "Ibn Ezra", "Rabeinu Tam"...
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1answer
127 views

In what order were the works of the Rashba written?

Rabbi Shlomo Ibn Aderet wrote a huge number of responsa, as well as a commentary on much of the Talmud, and a couple of Halachic works. I would assume that the responsa were written over a long ...
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1answer
71 views

Why is there no Rashi on Maseches Nedarim, Nazir, most of Bava Basra etc?

A similar question asked "Which masechtot don't really have Rashi?" which proceeded to list the Masechtot (Nedarim, Nazir, Moed Kattan) & parts of Shas (most of Bava Basra, last 4 daf of Makkos) ...
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1answer
128 views

List of which Rishonim wrote on each Masechta?

I would like to know if anyone has made a comprehensive list/chart of which Rishonim wrote on each masechta in shas. Such a list would include details such as: Masechtos where Rashi is not rashi, the ...
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3answers
135 views

Rishon who holds killing in an upward motion is more negligent

The Mishnah (Makkos 2:1) teaches that someone who kills inadvertently is sent to exile, if and only if they killed in a downward motion. If it was in an upward motion, there is no exile. Is this ...
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1answer
84 views

No kares for adultery with an arusa

I was listening to this lecture by Rav Herschel Schachter and near the end he parenthetically mentioned that there's an opinion of the Maharam MiRotenburg and Tosafos HaRosh in Yevamos that there's ...
5
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1answer
80 views

When were these fasts observed?

The Tur (Orach Chayim 580), quoting the Bahag (Laws of the Ninth of Av), gives a list of days on which to fast. This list is copied or mentioned by some other rishonim (as quoted in the footnote to ...
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2answers
143 views

Rashi Biographical Details [closed]

On Avodah Zarah 75a (dibur hamtchil "ולא פליגי"), Shabbos 85b ("בנוטה שורה לכאן ושורה לכאן"), Sukkah 40a ("ה"ג עצים דהסקה תנאי היא"), and Makkot 19b ("רישא במעשר שני טמא") there are personal comments ...
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45 views

Whey in butter (Chema't akkum)?

I recently read a responsum from R' Tam (brought in Shaarei Dura 78) where he discusses butter that was mixed with whey. While he permits regular butter from a gentile for consumption he nevertheless ...
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94 views

Unknown La'az in Teshuvot Rashi

In the Elfenbein (1943) edition of Teshuvot Rashi, in the teshuvot from Rashi to the rabbis of Auxerre ('סימן ג), Rashi writes "לשון דמות צלם" is "אאמיינדליי" in la'az. Elfenbein writes in his ...
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1answer
66 views

Maharam Discussing the Rosh

Is there a list of teshuvot (or other documents) in which the Maharam discusses his student the Rosh?
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210 views

Who wrote/compiled Rashi on the Rif

In Rashi on the Rif?, a number of questions are posed about this commentary, however, there is one big question still remaining: Who actually wrote or compiled this Peirush? Was it Rashi himself, ...
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3answers
154 views

An apparent contradiction in Ralbag's philosophical methodology

This discussion about Ralbag reminded me of an apparent contradiction in Ralbag's Torah/Philosophy methodology. At the end of his introduction to Wars of the Lord ('מלחמות ה) he writes: The reader ...
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2answers
744 views

Deviations of Ralbag from normative Jewish theology

In an article about the Rashba's views on science, Rabbi Dr. David Horwitz throws in the following sentence (p. 53): No less than a radical thinker than R. Levi ben Gershom (Ralbag), who had no ...
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2answers
144 views

Provenance of Testament of Rabbi Eliezer

There is a work known as Tsavaat Rabbi Eliezer HaGadol, which is purported to be have been authored by the Tanna R. Eliezer. According to R. Menahem Lunzano cited here, the work was actually authored ...
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1answer
52 views

Who was רבינו יואל מבונ"א?

I came across a רבינו יואל מבונ"א quoted by Rosh in his commentary to Kiddushin (4:16). See here. Who is he? I suspect that he is Rabbeinu Yoel HaLevi, father of Ra'avyah and that בונ"א is what we ...
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1answer
170 views

Problem with Likkutei Maharil

I was listening to a class by Rav Asher Weiss on asmachta and he brought three explanations for its purpose: Ritvah - A derabannan that has a source in the torah Tosafos and Rambam - Memorization ...
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3answers
505 views

Praise of Mishneh Torah amongst the Rishonim

The Mishneh Torah is often described as one of the cornerstones of Jewish literature. The Rambam, in his introduction to this magnum opus, describes his book as being written: כֻּלָּן בְּלָשׁוֹן ...
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94 views

Who is called by Tosfot “Harav Porat”

In Masechet Yoma 37b (see also 78b), Tosfot says: והרב פור''ת פירש כפר''י And the Rav Porat explains as Rabbenu Yitschak. Is there someone who knows who is this rav. (I have some assumptions that ...
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1answer
141 views

Majority of Poskim like Rabbeinu Tam?

Recently someone made the statement that "rov poskim" go like the shita of Rabbeinu Tam in regards to shkia/nightfall. Is there any list available that shows the Rishonim and Achronim that pasken like ...
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78 views

When Tosfos refer to “Tosfos”, who do they mean?

According to Wikipedia, the Tosfos to Moed Qatan were written by a student to a certain Rabbi Yitzhak. Do we know anything about who he was or where he lived? Specifically, to whom is he referring in ...
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1answer
131 views

Tefillah Commentaries - Rishonim

Does anyone know of any Rishonim who explain tefillah? (To clarify: I'm looking for peirushim on the text itself. Mefarshim on the concept of Tefillah in general should be taken over here.)
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63 views

Arguing with the Rishonim

Is there an accepted understanding among Orthodox Jews that an Achron cannot argue with a Rishon (Torah scholars who lived between the years 1000 and 1500)? If so,what is this concept based on and ...
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58 views

Simanim in the Rosh

In the Rosh's work found at the back of most gemaras, his halachos are split up into simanim (sections). I am wondering whether we can make inferences from how the simanim are split up and hence want ...
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1answer
174 views

Who is HaRam in Tosafos

I've seen הר"ם quoted in Tosafos in a few places. One example is Kiddushin 50a, Tosfos ד"ה היה לו. I always assumed it was Rabbeinu Meir, the son in law of Rashi, who's sons are the famous trio of ...
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1answer
272 views

Chart of the Rishonim?

Does anyone know if there is a chart of the Rishonim available? Like a genealogy tree (but for rav/talmid and by region). If it goes on to Acharonim, even better. I have one for the Tannoim and ...
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3answers
321 views

Did 'Rationalist' Rishonim naturalize miracles? If so, why?

In an answer to a different question, someone asserted that various Rishonim were led by their philosophic beliefs to believe that miracles which violated the natural order would reflect a flaw in the ...
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6answers
836 views

Why are we not fluent in Greek philosophy anymore?

Why is it that the Rishonim and many Achronim used to be fluent in philosophy (mainly Greek) and these days it's unheard of? Is it due to our weakness, and it is really allowed?
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1answer
262 views

Hashgachah pratis according to Rambam/n

Rambam in Moreh Nevuchim 3:18 and Ramban in his commentary to Iyov (do not remember exactly where) as well as on Parashas Vayeiroh (Bereishis 18:19) say that for the majority of humanity, including ...
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1answer
252 views

Seeking the book of Rav Moshe Taku

I read in a post on mi yodeya here that this Chacham, Rav Moshe Ben Chasday Mitaku wrote that G-d has a body. I am sure that the text is very interesting and I am curious to understand what he means. ...
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2answers
244 views

Where can I buy Or Hashem?

I found a new printing of Or Hashem by R. Chasdai Crescas on hebrewbooks.org (here), but I can't find it or any other print for sale. Any ideas?
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216 views

How and why did R. Akiva Eiger try to emulate the Rashba?

I'm attending a bar mitzva celebration recently, and the father of the boy gives a short speech. During his speech he mentions in passing that Rabbi Akiva Eiger (1761–1837, modern-day Austria ...
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2answers
184 views

Complete print Machzor Vitry

I was looking through Seforim Center the other day and found a partial edition (volumes 1&2 here and and a third on the same site) of the Machzor Vitry. Is there a complete print (or digital) ...