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Where abouts in the Persian Empire did the Jews live?

The original deportations of Jews occurred in Nebuchadnezzar's era and so they would have settled in Babylon regions, but whereabouts in the Persian Empire did the Jews live? Were they dispersed much ...
Christian Gedge's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
232 views

What Is The Fulfillment Of Leviticus 26:35?

32 And I will bring the land into desolation: and your enemies which dwell therein shall be astonished at it. 33 And I will scatter you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you: and your ...
Servant's user avatar
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2 answers
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Was it Mordechai or Kish that was exiled?

Seemingly, from reading the pasuk in the megillah; Esther 2:6 אֲשֶׁר הׇגְלָה מִירוּשָׁלַיִם עִם־הַגֹּלָה אֲשֶׁר הׇגְלְתָה עִם יְכׇנְיָה מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה אֲשֶׁר הֶגְלָה נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל׃ ...
The Targum's user avatar
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2 votes
1 answer
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How does the view that Chutzniks must have 2 days Yom Tov for spiritual reasons fit with the reason given in the Gemoro in Beitzah?

The related question refers to the view that those outside Israel need a second day Yom Tov in order to achieve the spiritual status that those in Israel can achieve in one day It is expressed here ...
Avrohom Yitzchok's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
69 views

Where are the midrashim about the Jews intermarrying during the Babylonian Exile?

Someone told me that there is an argument between different midrashim about how many Jews intermarried during the Babylonian Exile. I don't know where to look to find these midrashim. Does anyone know ...
Tzvi K's user avatar
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-2 votes
1 answer
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how could they see the fire signals so far away?

(Please include header and footer when redistributing this material.) THE DAFYOMI DISCUSSION LIST brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Yerushalayim Rosh Kollel: Rabbi ...
yishairasowsky's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
164 views

Why were angels' names brought back?

Related. A well-known gemara in the Yerushalmi (Rosh Hashanah 6a) says: "רשב"ל אמר אף שמות המלאכים עלו בידן מבבל. בראשונה (ישעיהו ו׳:ו׳) ויעף אלי אחד מן השרפים (שם) שרפים עומדים ממעל לו ...
Harel13's user avatar
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Did part of the Jewish community move to Greece after the destruction of the First Temple? [closed]

Is there any evidence in Chazal, that after the destruction of the First Temple, some part of the Jewish community moved to Greece? (Of course, the majority moved to Babylon.)
The Glacier's user avatar
1 vote
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Are there any books on Rav Papa [closed]

Are there any books on Rav Papa? I've been searching but I couldn't find anything.
Shoshana Rozenberg's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
58 views

How large was the Babylonian Jewish community? [closed]

The Roman census of the year 48 CE, ordered by Emperor Claudius, reported 7 million Jews in the Roman Empire, which was 10% of the population. Today, the best estimates place the number of Jews ...
Maurice Mizrahi's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
159 views

Adopting idolatrous Babylonian name of Month Tamuz

Jerusalem Rosh Hashana 6a דא"ר חנינה שמות חדשים עלו בידם מבבל R'Hanina said: the names of the Months were brought with them from Babylon The Gemmorah explains the process of adopting the ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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4 votes
4 answers
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Why there's no Mishnah Bavli?

In the beginning pages of the Bavli Sanhedrin (5a), it states that the power of the ראש גלותא in Babylon was bigger than that of נשיא in the land of Israel in the time of R' Yehuda Hanassi (see the ...
Al Berko's user avatar
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6 votes
2 answers
1k views

What is the meaning of the prophecy in Ezekiel 26?

Shalom! I am debating the issue of whether or not the Tanakh contains errors with a friend, who insists that Ezekiel 26 contains a false prophecy with regards to siege of Tyre by Nebuchadnezzar. ...
Don Shrinkle's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
160 views

Were there any Tanaim in Bavel?

In the time of the Gemara (since at least the time of Rav), there were famous Rabbis in Bavel (and, at least in the early years, there were also famous Rabbis in Israel). But before that time, you ...
ertert3terte's user avatar
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1 vote
1 answer
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The bear and the lion (Bavel and persia) in Tosfos

In Tosfos of Avodah Zarah 2b it asks why is Persia mentioned as being more important than Bavel since Bavel is called a lion and Persia is called a bear. A lion is much stronger than a bear. Tosfos ...
sam's user avatar
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5 votes
0 answers
259 views

Names of angels

There is a pretty well known point made in the Talmud Yerushalmi Rosh Hashana 1:2 stating that the names we are accustomed to calling the months of our lunar calendar came up with those returning from ...
user6591's user avatar
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4 votes
0 answers
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Is the number of Jews killed during the Babylonian exile according to Gittin literally true?

Since the only authoritative sources of information, in this case, seem to be the Jewish Scriptures, can you help understand them? ... in this valley Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard killed ...
a_hanif's user avatar
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5 votes
1 answer
1k views

Why are the names of the Hebrew calendar months named after the Babylonian deities? [duplicate]

Why are the names of the Hebrew calendar months named after the BABYLONIAN DEITIES. Why was it allowed for the Jews during the Babylonian exile to name the Hebrew calendar months after the Babylonian ...
zalmankrems 's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

Nebuchadnezzar II failure to conquer Egypt

Ezekiel 29:19 states the G-d will give Egypt to Nebuchadnezzar II. Therefore this is what the Sovereign LORD says: I am going to give Egypt to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and he will carry off ...
Bikel Telmann's user avatar
5 votes
3 answers
299 views

Does the book of Daniel accurately date the war with Babylon?

According to Wikipedia: The introductory verses tell how, in the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim (606 BCE), Daniel and his friends Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah were among the young Jewish ...
mil's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
944 views

Was the Shmita year ever observed before the first exile?

The Jews were punished with 70 years of exile for the 70 Shmita years (sabbatical years) they did not keep. (Chronicles II 36:21). Does this mean they never kept Shmita even during the time of the ...
ray's user avatar
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7 votes
3 answers
532 views

"Praiseworthy is he who will clutch and dash your infants against the rock"?

I do not understand the last lines of psalm 137 ("By the rivers of Babylon"/"Al naharos bovel," the psalm recited before Birkat Ha-Mazon on weekdays. [It includes the famous lines &...
SAH's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
1k views

Breakdown of Yirmiyahu's 70 year prophecy

Can someone supply a good breakdown of Yirmiyahu's 70 year prophecy, and the misinterpretations of the prophecy? This is what I've learned in the past: Yirmiyahu made a prophecy that 70 years after ...
Menachem's user avatar
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12 votes
2 answers
383 views

'Aliyah an Isur 'Aseh? Even today?

The Gemara (Bab. Ber. 24b*) quotes R' Yehudah as saying that anyone who leaves Bavel to go to Israel violates an Isur 'Aseh (a violation of the parameters of a positive commandment), because the Navi ...
Seth J's user avatar
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15 votes
2 answers
542 views

Understanding of Ps. 137 before the exile

Psalm 137 starts (in my own translation) On Babylon's rivers, there, we sat, also cried, in our remembering Zion. and continues to describe the scene. Ibn Ezra cites some who hold that David ...
msh210's user avatar
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2 votes
2 answers
411 views

Jewish History and exiles

When are we in exile in Jewish History? Is it when no Jews live in Israel? Is it when Jews are not in charge of Israel? (For example, we know that when the Babylonians were in charge we had the ...
morah hochman's user avatar
6 votes
1 answer
113 views

The return for Beis Sheini (or lack thereof)

It seems that from what I've learned, the vast majority of Klal Yisroel didn't return for Beis Sheini. I was taught that this was on account of the fact that the talmidei chachamim didn't advocate the ...
Naftuli Kay's user avatar
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8 votes
4 answers
430 views

Why did the scholars of Bavel live in Bavel and not Eretz Yisrael?

If there is a positive mitzva of living in Eretz Yisrael, why did the scholars of Pumbedisa, Sura, Nahardai, Mechoza, etc. remain in Bavel. If it was to learn Torah from the giants, then we can focus ...
YDK's user avatar
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4 votes
1 answer
306 views

Is there any corobating evidence besides the Bible of the stories of Shadrach, Meschach, and Abednego?

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shadrach,_Meshach,_and_Abednego (AKA Chananya, Mishael, and Azarya) The story is that these 3 people did not bow to a golden image. Then they got thrown into a fire. A ...
user4951's user avatar
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12 votes
5 answers
3k views

Why use Babylonian calendar instead of our own?

Why did the Hebrews not create their own calendar system instead of copying the pagan Babylonians'? I find it interesting that they use a pagan calendar which often honours pagan gods. Why is this ...
roman.geroski34's user avatar