10

Aishel Avraham (Buchach) Orach Chaim 149 says that the reason that Minhag Ashkenaz returns the Sefer Torah before Ashrei on the weekdays was since there are some people that take off their Tefilin while they are saying 'יהי רצון שלא נבוש' which is in Uvo L'Tziyon and it is improper to remove Tefilin in front of the Sefer Torah therefore they return the ...


10

In the siddur Sefas Yisroel from OpenSiddur it is written: שיר מזמור לאסף has been recited since the end of the Geonic period - a few hundred years before the introduction of the שיר של יום. Its first appearance in אשכנז was in the מחזור ויטרי,* most likely as a result of the צרות and גזירות that were imposed upon עם ישראל at the time. And indeed it is ...


9

I studied in Brisk in Yerushalyim and what I saw from my Rosh Yeshiva and his family was that they use regular ashkenazi siddurim but by heart they incorporate their own nuschaos and minhagim (ie. most often following the Gr"a, for example, ommitting נא in the blessing of rachem in bentching. Also ברחמיו in Bonei Yerushalayim is omitted. However, they don'...


9

The Aruch HaShulchan O.C. 207:2 defends and prefers the Mishna Brurah's nusach. The argument for the Mem is that in several places in the Torah we find Nefesh followed by a masculine verb, because when referring to the whole person, of which the Nefesh is a part, then the masculine should be used. Only when refering to the Nefesh distinctly as the part of a ...


8

Machzor Vitri - page 114 says we say the verse Orech Yamim twice in order to complete the name of Hashem that is produced by doing so. וכופלין אורך ימים כדי להשלים השם היוצא ממנו Tashbatz 258, Maharam says we say it twice this way it has the numerical value of Kohanim, since the Chashmonoim when they went to war said 7 times Vyehi Noam and twice Orech Yamim ...


7

I have been compiling a German siddur for the past fifteen years. It is currently available on www.thebookpatch.com: http://www.thebookpatch.com/BookStoreDetails.aspx?BookID=19123&ID=0da30d3e-df41-4b72-bdbe-ee301d7f0000


7

The Siddur used by most German communities nowadays is the Sfas Emes Siddur published by Victor Goldschmidt Publishing. However, even at its first publication in 1799, the nusach had been changed to reflect some of the customs that were being practiced in Eastern Europe (Poland). You can get a copy of the Sfas Emes for yourself from Ephraim Rosenstock in ...


7

1) Keni was one of Yisro's names. (See Rashi who brings the Mechilta about his many names and Rashi further mentions there that he converted; Shmos 18:1) He is famous for exclaiming that now he knows that G-d is the greatest of any of the powers. (Shmos 18:11) The Midrash says that when Yisro said this, it was the final words G-d wanted to hear before ...


6

This idea may have an earlier source, but I found in the Nit'ei Gavriel (Rosh HaShana, ch. 2, fn. 33) that the recitation of the 13 middos causes HaShem to move to His throne of mercy (see also Rosh HaShana 17b), which is why all subsequent recitations are preceded by "Kail Melech Yoshaiv" ("Lord King who sits on the Throne of Mercy").


6

Gur Tefillin: Square knot (edit: some wear single dalet) , Shel Yad Ashkenaz, Wrapping also Ashkenaz way, Brachos on both must be said standing. Ksav: Ari Zal with Shin of Beys Yosef which is called a Polnisher Shin. Ratzuos from shel rosh goes down, and behind the gartel then we wrap once and going "outside" way Gartel must be tight high, on the level ...


5

I've used Tfilon for a few years and really like it. It passes your shalom rav test. It has options for ashkenaz, sepharad, and eidei hamizrach. It is also very flexible - you can add names for holim, select which day(s) you celebrate purim, etc. It also auto calculates the special things like shir shel yom, yaaleh v'yavo, and other day specific things. It ...


5

This 2011 link to the Siddur Tefillas Yeshurun metioned by yitznewton may be valuable to sign up for the new edition. You can also contact www.kayj.net You ask for printed editions. The following are available online. You could print what you wanted I suppose. A Category at the Wikimedia Commons for scanned works of Wolf Heidenheim, including a full set ...


5

Kipa.co.il links שים שָׁלום to the priestly blessing according to Orach Chayim 127 (2), so whenever there is a possibility for the priestly blessing, שים שלום is said. The trouble there is that there is no priestly blessing to Shabbos mincha and there is a minhag to say שים שלום (and another to say שָׁלום רָב). Kipa.co.il links the שים שלום minhag on ...


5

According to http://www.aishdas.org/asp/shalom-rav it is partly based on Nusach Bavel vs Nusach Eretz Yisrael Two variants of Shalom Rav were found in the Cairo Geniza. Given the similarities between Cairo and Israeli nusachos, it is assumed to have been the Nusach Eretz Yisrael in the days of the tannaim and Israeli amora’im. Another indication is ...


5

Tosfot is disapproving of the practice of including extra verses beginning with Ashrei before Psalm 145. In the roughly contemporary Machzor Vitri (89), we find Psalm 145 introduced with Psalms 119:1, 119:2, 84:6, 112:1, 89:16, 84:5 (and possibly 144:15): אשרי תמימי דרך ההלכים בתרת יי: אשרי נוצרי עדותיו בכל לב ידרושוהו: אשרי אדם עוז לו מסילות בלבבם: אשרי ...


5

In Tefiloh Sefas Yisroel 1 Shacharit, note 63 on פּוֹתֵ֥חַ אֶת־יָדֶ֑ךָ it says “The ancient מנהג of touching and kissing the תפילין during, ”פּוֹתֵ֥חַ אֶת־יָדֶ֑ךָ...“, is cited by רב משה מאינץ”. This siddur is to be found here and is a nusaḥ Ashkenaz siddur dedicated to the memory of the Bad Homburg Jewish community and so probably relates to ...


5

Note: This answer is from the OP. Thanks to DanF, who pointed out that I should look on the website Beurei Hatefila for an answer, and to "go to that site when [I] have a tefilla-orientated question." First of all, my understanding of the Gemara in question (B'rachot 11b) was incorrect; the preferred wording of the paragraph is not "ahavah ...


4

The difference is indeed that between Biblical and Rabbinic Hebrew. At the end of the eighteenth and beginning of the nineteenth century c.e., there was a movement in Europe to apply Biblical (considered "classic" and more high-tone) rules of grammar to prayer. The advocates of this (among them the highly respected R Wolf Heidenheim) persuaded the editors ...


4

All the shules under Rav Teitz in Elizabeth, New Jersey have said all Yotzros for over seventy years


4

You find this a lot in older Sefarim. Usually you can find these in the margin closest to the binding - often hidden in the binding. It seems that this was how they differentiate between versions. Like between Pessach, Sukkoth and Shavuoth Machzorim, which use plenty common pages. In the case of the Machzor Rabba, they really used the same text for both ...


4

In Ashkenaz today [the situation was different in different communities in the past]: Me'ora - Before or chodosh. Ahava - different minhogim, either before v'keiravtanu or before l'hodos lecho. Maarivim Short piyut before end of first berocho, Same with second; long piyut before בגילה ברינה בשמחה רבה ואמרו כלם, short piyut before זה צור ישענו פצו פה ...


4

Pages 506-517 (LI - LXII) at the end of the link discuss the historical evolution of Kaddish and the relevant points vis a vis the "Minhag Ashkenaz" in the siddur. In relation to the possukim after Aleinu, on page 517: (And p84 internal siddur numbering, p93 pdf reader numbering, end of weekday Mincha) it says According to Minhag Ashkenaz, the possukim "...


4

I have been trying to reconnect to my Gerrer roots. This is what I've discovered. Tefillin: They are standard size, not oversize like Chabad. The parchments are k'sav Beis Yosef (source: a Gerrer who related that to me with a story from his yeshivoh days). The laying of Rabbeinu Tam tefillin is added from marriage. They are wrapped standard nusach ...


4

When I asked my LOR the rules in these situations he said: The Chazzan starts the Shemoneh Esrei out loud as you mentioned. He says the Kedusha with the Congregation as usual, and he finishes לדור ודור At that point he continues silently by himself (and does not say אתה קדוש) At the end of Kedusha the Congregation takes three steps back and three steps ...


4

In the Amidot of the Yamim Nora'im, in the blessing Kdushat Hashem, in Nusah Sfard four paragraphs beginning ובכן are added. In Nusah Ashkenaz, three are added. In Avinu Malkeinu on Rosh HaShanah, in Nusah Sfard the custom is to omit the petitions that mention sin (I don't know if this is true for all editions of Nusah Sfard). In Nusah Ashkenaz the ...


4

The Aleppo codex has it with a "v". The Leningrad codex has it with a "v". Minchas Shay doesn't comment on this. I haven't checked any other authorities, but you can probably assume that "v" is okay; as always, for practical guidance, consult your own rabbi.


4

The Aruch HaShulchan (cited below) writes that Psalm 30 before Baruch Sheamar is part of Nusach Ashkenaz. He also offers an original reason for its recitation. He writes, "the practice of reciting the verses of Mizmor Shir Chanukas is based on the Gemara (Shabbos 30) that says that when Shlomo placed the Ark into the Holy of Holies he was only answered ...


3

Note: Not all Sefardim have the same Nussach, and not all Ashkenazim have the same Nussach. And this answer ignores the Chasidish [a.k.a. Sefard] Nussach which is a mix of the 2, at some level. And then there's the Nusacch from Teiman. To answer your broad Ashkenazi vs. Sefardi Nussach: The general structure of the Tefilot are the same - Shacharit, Mincha, ...


3

A late answer, I know, but a different one (and, I must say that I still don't understand some of the claims made in the other answer so this one is as reasonable, but I can't find a source for it). The Birnbaum siddur Hasiddur Hashalem writes (page 310): ארך ימים is repeated so that the number of verses of this psalm reach a total of seventeen, the ...


3

Siddur Sfat Emet (known as the Rödelheim siddur) is in-print and available for sale here: http://www.booksnbagels.com/eng/productinfo.php?id=9708


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