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26 votes

Did King David's parents abandon him? (Psalm 27)

I Samuel 16:11 and Psalms 118:22 imply that David was a rejected child in his family. וַיֹּ֨אמֶר שְׁמוּאֵ֣ל אֶל־יִשַׁי֮ הֲתַ֣מּוּ הַנְּעָרִים֒ וַיֹּ֗אמֶר ע֚וֹד שָׁאַ֣ר הַקָּטָ֔ן וְהִנֵּ֥ה רֹעֶ֖ה ...
robev's user avatar
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14 votes

Did King David's parents abandon him? (Psalm 27)

The Ibn Ezra says that the author is referring to the fact that his parents abandon him in their death, עזבוני במותם, ואתה אספתני תמיד Whereas the Malbim says that it has to do with David's ...
rosends's user avatar
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13 votes

Why is sleep spelled with an aleph in Tehillim 127?

Note: As Michlol Yofi points out, there are a few other words in Tanach spelled with an Alef instead of a Heh or a Vav. For example: זרא, מרא, כלא. As @Double AA wrote, Minchat Shai on the pasuk ...
Harel13's user avatar
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12 votes
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Psalm 41:10 Who is King David's friend who lifted his heel against him?

2 Samuel 15:12 "And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, from Giloh, as he offered the sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong, and the people with ...
David Kenner's user avatar
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11 votes

What does the maid's ration consist of?

WHATEVER WAS ESTABLISHED AT THE TIME OF EMPLOYMENT. The word in Hebrew is "chok", as in law ... "ration" isn't the best translation. It means that her family gets whatever they ...
Shalom's user avatar
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10 votes
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Why do yekkes say Shir Mizmor Le'Osof each morning?

In the siddur Sefas Yisroel from OpenSiddur it is written: שיר מזמור לאסף has been recited since the end of the Geonic period - a few hundred years before the introduction of the שיר של יום. Its ...
Kazi bácsi's user avatar
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10 votes

Tehillim 119 -- what vav's to pronounce

The trick here (if the dot-above-the-Vav's location is ambiguous) is that if the Vav is a mater lectionis, then it is serving as the vowel for the previous letter. Thus if the previous letter has a ...
Double AA's user avatar
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10 votes

What is the source that says David wrote Psalms / Tehillim while hiding from Saul

Tehillim 54 לַמְנַצֵּ֥חַ בִּנְגִינֹ֗ת מַשְׂכִּ֥יל לְדָוִֽד׃ For the leader; with instrumental music. A maskil of David, בְּב֣וֹא הַ֭זִּיפִים וַיֹּאמְר֣וּ לְשָׁא֑וּל הֲלֹ֥א דָ֝וִ֗ד מִסְתַּתֵּ֥ר ...
simyou's user avatar
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9 votes

Was Psalm 29 derived from Canaanite sources?

Samuel Sandmel popularized the term "parallelomania": extrapolating from the fact that two passages have some resemblance that they must have a literary connection, or that one was ...
b a's user avatar
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9 votes
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What is the history behind ascribing a heading to each of the Psalms?

Yes, these headings appear in Hebrew manuscripts. Here are two of the most famous manuscripts with the heading for your psalm: למנצח אל־תשחת לדוד מכתם בשלח שאול וישמרו את־הבית להמיתו. Leningrad Codex ...
magicker72's user avatar
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8 votes
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Tehilim 51, "in sin did his mother conceive him", What does that mean?

Rav Sa'adya Gaon explains in his commentary to Psalms (51:7) that David was not making a statement about the state of Man. Rather, he was speaking personally; that he was so ashamed, that he felt as ...
mevaqesh's user avatar
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8 votes

Did King David's parents abandon him? (Psalm 27)

While the sources cited by rosends refer to an "abandonment" which might occur at some point during a persons life, but which could possibly be avoided in particular circumstances, Rashi suggests that ...
Davidides's user avatar
8 votes

Who are the bene elim?

There are several opinions: Rashi - They are to be understood as "שרים" - officers Ibn Ezra - they are "כוכבים" - stars The Targum draws the same conclusion as you that they ...
Dov's user avatar
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8 votes
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Refs for Ps. 119 being called "Alfa-Bita" and "Temanya Apin"?

Psalm 119 is referred to as temanya apin in Berachot 4b: אִילֵּימָא מִשּׁוּם דְּאָתְיָא בְּאָלֶף בֵּית, נֵימָא ״אַשְׁרֵי תְמִימֵי דָרֶךְ״ דְּאָתְיָא בִּתְמָנְיָא אַפִּין It is referred to as alfa ...
Joel K's user avatar
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7 votes
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Tehillim 119 -- what vav's to pronounce

The siman for this is דמ"ה ב"ן פר"ץ, where those are the letter-groups of verses in which the word is pronounced Eidvosecha. (An exception is verse 138, among the צ verses; it works for ...
Meir's user avatar
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7 votes
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Layout of Shirim in Tanakh

Yes that's the official layout structure when formally writing a scroll. See Masekhet Sofrim 13:1. Haazinu, Tehillim, Mishlei, most of Iyov, and the Song of David in Samuel are written in a split ...
Double AA's user avatar
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7 votes

In Psalm 105:39 why is the cloud said to "cover" rather than "precede" the people?

Rashi to Numbers 10:34: Seven times is the word ענן used in the account of their journeys alluding to four clouds which screened them on all four sides, one that was above them, one beneath their ...
Joel K's user avatar
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7 votes

Looking for more details about the other authors of Tehilim: Malki Tzedek, Heiman, Yeduthun and Assaf

Malki-tzedek: Malki-tzedek isn't explicitly mentioned in Psalms as authoring one of the psalms, but he is mentioned in psalm 110. There are different views on who Malki-tzedek of tehillim was. ...
Harel13's user avatar
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7 votes
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Question about Shmuel 1:11:11 and Tehillim 83:8

The Radak makes your point in Divrei Hayamim to suggest that the Amonim are a different nation than the B'nei Amonim. In the story in Shmuel, they are referred to as Amonim throughout, not B'nei Amon, ...
N.T.'s user avatar
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7 votes
Accepted

Based on Tehillim 92, would playing נֶבֶל not violate Shabbat?

Partial answer: Taking into account that this was the Shir Shel Yom of Shabbat, the gemara in Sukkah 51a states: "However, with regard to the song that the Levites sang accompanying an offering, ...
Harel13's user avatar
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7 votes
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What are the "19 Sections" of the Book of Psalms in the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia?

The sedarim are divisions of the Tanakh into smaller chunks (remember: chapter breaks are medieval Christian creations). For the Prophets and Writings, these are commonly understood to be a study ...
magicker72's user avatar
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6 votes
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Why is "we" mentioned twice in the English translation of Ps. 20:8?

Here's a more colloquial translation of what they're trying to accomplish: Some rely on their chariots, and some on their horses, but as for us? We call out in the name of God! (There is no double-...
Shalom's user avatar
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6 votes

Unusual spelling of Joseph's name

The gemara in sotah 10b says it is because he was מקדש שם שמים בסתר by not falling for אשת פוטיפר. The context can be understood as referring to יוסף's time in Egypt and hence this is an appropriate ...
Moshe Steinberg's user avatar
6 votes

What is the 'ten stringed' instrument in Psalm 33, Psalm 92 and Psalm 144?

See this: HARP (në'-vël) [H5035] 1. an ancient string instrument of ten strings used to accompany the voice. Standing almost three feet tall, the harp had of two sets of strings (five on each ...
DanF's user avatar
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6 votes
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Koren Siddur on Kal Atzmotai Tomarna

Newer editions of the Koren Tanach also mark kamatz katan, and they agree with the siddur and mark this one as kamatz katan as well. Here's what they have to say about it in the back: באותו אופן ...
Heshy's user avatar
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5 votes

Halachot of Reciting Tehillim

Time: Reciting Tehillim at night 1) The Mishne Bruro (Shaar Hatzion §238) brings a machlokes between the באר היטב and מגן אברהם whether it is permitted to read 'מקרא' at night. The MB writes that ...
chortkov2's user avatar
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5 votes

When did David Hamelech write Tehillim?

David HaMelech wasn't the sole author of psalms — the earliest mention of someone reciting psalms is found in bava batra 14b (on the bottom); which says that king David compiled psalms from a number ...
Shababnik's user avatar
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5 votes

The word Torah in the Psalms.

The word "Torat" (the Torah OF) appears 3 times: 19:8 37:31 119:72 V'torah (AND the Torah) 78:5 B'Torat (IN the Torah of) 119:1 M'Torat'cha (FROM YOUR Torah) 119:51, 94:12, 119:150 Toratecha/Torat'...
rosends's user avatar
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5 votes

Unusual spelling of Joseph's name

Ibn Ezra says it's a more glorious version of Joseph's name, used here because "Joseph" refers to the Jewish people.
msh210's user avatar
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5 votes

You set a table before me in the presence of my adversaries; You anointed my head with oil; my cup overflows.?

The commentaries (Radak, Metzudos, Malbim) on the verse say the setting of the table before David is an honor for him. Possibly an allusion to his becoming king. This honor being done for him in the ...
user6591's user avatar
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