9 votes
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Did Rav Saadiah Gaon really phrase the bracha as "Sim shalom b'olam . . ."?

In Saadya Gaon's Siddur, the phrase shows up again with the desired variation at the end of the blessing and seems to have been transplanted from there to the beginning of the blessing in Siddur Sim ...
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9 votes
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כּרְעוּתֵהּ (with a dagesh in the כּ) or כרְעוּתֵהּ (without the dagesh) in Kaddish?

The general rule is that letters "בגד כפת" do have a dagesh when they appear in the beginning of a word, unless the word follows a word that ends with one of the vowels (אהוי), and there's a ...
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9 votes
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How does the 19th brocho of the shmona esrai open?

I obviously can't comment about what is "original" or not, because we don't know what the "original" wording was, if there ever was such a thing. Chazal left us nothing of the sort. What we do know ...
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8 votes

"Chaparat Pesha" just through Adar II

There are three different minhagim (according to Kaf HaChayim) for the timing of this addition: only during Adar 2, all year long (Cheshvan to Elul), and from Cheshvan to Adar 2. Rabbi Shelomo Min-...
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7 votes

Saying kaddish when davening in a minyan that isn't your nusach

Excerpt from this article: To avoid fights, many places allow all the Avelim (mourners) to say Kaddish (prayer said on behalf of the deceased) together. However, they must say it together word-...
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7 votes
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Historic, variant wording for birkat hamazon for women?

This is pretty common in old* Siddurim. You can see omitting just ועל בריתך שחתמת בבשרינו on Hebrewbooks here here here here and here and on Hebrewmanuscripts.org manuscript #747. You can see omitting ...
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7 votes
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Chabad beginner visiting a Modern Orthodox shul

You won't find too many differences other than some changes in the Nusach and the siddur. Most MO shuls tend to be Nusach Ashkenaz from what I've seen, but you should inquire. That's not a given ...
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7 votes

Al gav or al gabei – singular or plural?

This is a controversial issue. If you look at older siddurim, like the one of R' Yaakov Emden, who, besides his other talents, was an exceptional authority on grammar, you can find the על גבי version ...
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7 votes

What's "Nusach Kafa"?

The only custom I've previously come across from that community (cited by Siddur Otzar Hatefillot, Volume 2, page 46) is that they had the custom to read Megillat Antiochus on Chanukah. A quick search ...
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6 votes

Historic, variant wording for birkat hamazon for women?

The Italian nusach Bnei Roma omits ועל בריתך שחסמת בבשרנו for women.
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6 votes
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In Yemenite Nusach, what are the differences between Shami and Baladi?

The Shami nusach is accepting concepts brought from the Ari z"l. The Baladi nusach follows the older Yemenite tradition. For many Jews from Yemen, they do not want any innovations from their older ...
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6 votes

What's the difference between sim shalom and shalom rav?

According to http://www.aishdas.org/asp/shalom-rav it is partly based on Nusach Bavel vs Nusach Eretz Yisrael Two variants of Shalom Rav were found in the Cairo Geniza. Given the similarities ...
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6 votes
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Does 'atah chonantanu' replace the first line of 'atah chonein,' or is it said in addition?

The "add" option is certainly not immediately intuitive, since there's a clear duplication of the phrase "you have graced אתה חונן". It seems reasonable to expect that אתה חוננתנו was composed as a ...
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6 votes
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Chabad nusach for Birkat Hamazon

See page 30 of this pdf: http://www.daat.ac.il/daat/kitveyet/pardes/pardes19-s2.pdf Basically, he brings many different versions, and posits that at the time of the Alter Rebbe there was not yet a ...
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5 votes
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"Uvesorascha kasuv lemor shema Yisrael..." before Yishtabach

The Behr Siddur (Siddur Avodath Yisroel by Roedelheim, 1868) says in the footnotes: This is not found in the Siddurim of the Sefardim, nor in most handwritten Siddurim. (Rav Amrom, Rokach, Kol Bo, ...
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5 votes

Saying kaddish when davening in a minyan that isn't your nusach

The proper way to do it would be to sa kaddish according to the nussach of the shul. The reason for that being, that "al titosh metoras imecha" does not apply when davining in such a shul (at least ...
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5 votes

What's the difference between sim shalom and shalom rav?

Kipa.co.il links שים שָׁלום to the priestly blessing according to Orach Chayim 127 (2), so whenever there is a possibility for the priestly blessing, שים שלום is said. The trouble there is that ...
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5 votes
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"People who recite Ashrei many times": a question on Tosafot

Tosfot is disapproving of the practice of including extra verses beginning with Ashrei before Psalm 145. In the roughly contemporary Machzor Vitri (89), we find Psalm 145 introduced with Psalms 119:1, ...
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5 votes

new artscroll siddur dikduk questions

1) הַטֵּה אֱלֹהַי אָזְנְךָ וּשְׁמָע is just a quote from Daniyel 9:18 and there is no Patach there. If you're seeing a Chataf-Patach in some editions, realize that's just an old fashioned way of ...
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5 votes
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Why does the Chabad nusach omit "Tzur Yisroel" before Shemoneh Esrei?

The following is a condensation of the explanation in the book שער הכולל (page 25, paragraph 19): The brakhah Emet ve-Yatziv is known to have the nature of being a blessing of hoda'ah (thankful ...
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5 votes

Sepharad vs Sephardic siddurs/nusachs

Nusach Sefaradi is an overarching name (much like the term "Sefaradi") of the Nusach used by Jews who follow Minhagei Sefarad (Spain) and Edot haMizrach. This is an oversimplification, but the ...
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  • 361
4 votes

Marovis on Yom Tov

I do not know about Teaneck, but the following is a list of shuls that I know about that say ma'arovith in the New York area. All these minyonim say the Ashkenaz (German) version printed in the ...
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4 votes
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Which version of Rashi is learned on M'nachos chapters 7–10?

When I learned Menachos by R Dovid Soloveitchick Shlita he would learn both Rashi's - the upper one he referred to as Rashi-in-der-hoich, and the other as Rashi csav-yad. I don't remember the specific ...
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4 votes
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A grammatical question about Shabbes davening

@DoubleAA alluded to Aruch Hashulchan. Indeed, p. 3 of this article cites Aruch Hashulchan 268:14 explaining the reasons of the feminine and masculine aspects of Shabbat. In Mincha, the uses of בם is ...
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4 votes

Pre-Rambam Teimani Siddur?

There is a consensus among academic researches that before accepting Rambam's nusach, Yemenite Jews used the nusach of Rav Saadya Gaon. This is based on multiple questions the Jews of Yemen sent to ...
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  • 398
4 votes
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Chaba''d doesn't follow minhag hamakom?

Sounds like someone who didn't know what they were doing. There is no minhag in chabad to skip tachanun for a yartzeit. Those that skip tachanun on gimmel tammuz do so as a personal hergish bc of the ...
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  • 3,941
4 votes
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Sepharad vs Sephardic siddurs/nusachs

The nusach used by Jews of Sephardic extraction (meaning either Jews who live in Spain and Portugal, or are descended from those who were expelled from those places in 1492) is called "Nusach ...
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4 votes
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Versions of HaNeros Hallalu

A great article on this topic is by Rabbi Daniel Sperber in Minhagei Yisrael, Book 5 Chapter 2. It addresses your question (some of it directly, otherwise, by the sources he cites) and much of it is ...
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4 votes

בְּצִלְצְלֵי שָׁמַע or בְצִלְצְלֵי שָׁמַע

The Aleppo codex has it with a "v". The Leningrad codex has it with a "v". Minchas Shay doesn't comment on this. I haven't checked any other authorities, but you can probably ...
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  • 73.5k
3 votes

Why do we comfort a mourner with Hamakom Yenachem Eschem?

My own thought about this is as follows: "Makom" specifically alludes to the fact that God does not inhabit this world; this world inhabits Him. Put another way, the existence of the world is ...
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